A Logical Foundation for Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy
AbstractRational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) depends on the implications A  ⊃ B and B ⊃ C where A is an activating event, B is a belief and C is an emotional consequence. We use this idea to present a logical theory for REBT, and show how it can be used to create a computer program that can be used as a therapist’s aid. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Historical and Theoretical Review of Cognitive Behavioral Therapies: From Structural Self-Knowledge to Functional Processes
AbstractThis paper critically examines the historical conceptualization of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy approaches (CBT) as a direct clinical counterpart of the cognitive revolution. The main “second wave” cognitive psychotherapies, either standard cognitive therapy (CT) or constructivist, in spite of their differences, share a common conceptualization of psychopathological factors as superordinate structural cognitive content belonging to the self: self-beliefs, self-schemata, perso nality organizations and so on. On the other hand, rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) is an exception given that in R...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Disputing Irrational Beliefs Among Convicted Terrorists and Extremist Beliefs
This study investigated the most common irrational beliefs among samples of: (1) convicted terrorists and (2) extremists, all of whom were prisoners in the country of Jordan. It also investigated the effectiveness of a program of disputing irrational beliefs (DIBP) with the same populations. The subjects were assigned randomly to two groups: an experimental group (EG) that consisted of 43 prisoners who received an training program, and a control group that consisted of 48 prisoners who received no training. The irrational beliefs scale (IBS) scores were assessed for both groups before and after exposure to the DIBP. To tes...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Clarifying a Construct: An Integrative Functional Model of Reassurance-Seeking Behaviors
AbstractReassurance seeking (RS) has emerged as an important transdiagnostic psychological construct. However, RS has been conceptualized inconsistently and applied to functionally disparate behaviors within research and practice. In order to clarify the construct, the presently proposed Integrative Functional Model of Reassurance Seeking (IFM-RS) operationalizes and categorizes RS behaviors according to their functions. The following three categories comprise the model: Avoidant (negatively reinforced) RS, Evocative (positively reinforced) RS, and Bifunctional (simultaneously reinforced) RS. To evidence the validity and u...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mental Illness: Fact or Myth? Revisiting the Debate Between Albert Ellis and Thomas Szasz
AbstractAlthough it is widely accepted that mental illnesses affect millions of people worldwide, there is still disagreement among scholars about the facts of mental illness. The orthodox position is that mental illness is a fact; critics argue that it is a myth. Thomas Szasz was perhaps the most influential critic of mental illness while Albert Ellis was one of the most influential psychotherapists of the twentieth century. Yet, they disagreed about the facts of mental illness. Ellis argued that mental illness is a fact; Szasz argued that mental illness is a metaphor that we have mistaken for a fact. Both men were practi...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Interactive Effects of Looming Cognitive Style and Maladaptive Perfectionism on Trait Anxiety
AbstractPerfectionism is suggested as a transdiagnostic factor, related to development and maintenance of many psychological disorders. Looming Cognitive Style (LCS), on the other hand, is unique to anxiety disorders, acting as a specific a cognitive vulnerability for anxiety disorders. The present study aims to assess the association of anxiety with two cognitive vulnerability factors, LCS and maladaptive perfectionism. It was hypothesized that maladaptive perfectionism will have moderator role in the relationship between LCS and anxiety. A similar relationship is not expected for depression. Data were collected from 326 ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Symptom Attributions Across the Menstrual Cycle in Women with Panic Disorder
This study examines the attributions women make about the somatic and affective symptoms they experience during the menstrual cycle. Using a 30-day prospective design, women with and without panic disorder monitored physical and affective symptoms. Participants reported on severity of various symptoms and a primary cause for each symptom (menstrual cycle-related, panic/anxiety related, stress-related, health-related). Women with panic disorder reported more panic attacks during the premenstrual phase compared to other cycle phases. They also reported more severe affective and panic symptoms during the premenstrual phase co...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Acceptance –Commitment Therapy on Craving Beliefs in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Therapy: A Pilot Study
AbstractThe present study is designed to evaluate the efficacy of acceptance –commitment therapy (ACT) on craving beliefs in opioid dependent patients on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Twenty-eight opioid dependent participants, aged 18–50 years, who were on MMT based on Iran’s Ministry of Health and Medical Education published protocol, were evaluated in Mash had during 2011–2012. The treatment group comprised fourteen participants, who received eight sessions of individual ACT alongside MMT while fourteen participants of the control group received just MMT. The effectiveness of the in...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS). A Psychometric Study of the Italian Version
AbstractThe Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS, Harrington2005a) was developed as a multidimensional measure of frustration intolerance. Frustration intolerance plays an important role in behavioral and cognitive model of emotional problems (Harrington2006). The aim of this study is to translate the original English version of FDS into Italian and to assess the validity and reliability of the Italian version for application among Italian population. The Italian version of FDS-R, with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were administered on-line to 497 subjects aged from 18 to 66  years old. The exploratory factor...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric Qualities of Turkish Version of Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ)
AbstractRepetitive negative thinking (RNT) is an umbrella term that refers to an individual ’s tendency to have negative thoughts in an uncontrollable and repetitive manner regardless of their content and temporal focus. RNT is suggested to be a transdiagnostic factor that may be associated with vulnerability for many different psychological disorders. The aim of the present study is to examine the psychometric qualities of Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ), which is a scale that assesses non-disorder-specific form of RNT. The data was gathered from 446 Turkish individuals between the ages of 18 and 58 ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Empirical Investigation of the Relationships Between Irrationality, Self-Acceptance, and Dispositional Forgiveness
AbstractMilburn (J Ration Emot Cogn Behav Ther 33:325 –340,2015) recently suggested a theoretical link between REBT and forgiving, proposing that irrational beliefs, particularly demandingness and global evaluations of human worth, play a role in lack of forgiveness. The present study investigated a quantitative link between the concepts of irrationality, self-acceptance, and dispositional forgiveness. Four-hundred and thirty-three participants (70% female) participated in a 69-item online survey combining four previously validated scales: Shortened General Attitude and Belief Scale; Heartland Forgiveness Scale; Unco...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - December 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psycho-Educational Group Intervention Based on Reality Therapy to Cope with Academic Procrastination
This study explored the efficacy of a psycho-educational group intervention based on reality therapy for treating youth with academic procrastination. The participants consisted of undergraduates from a state university located in the Eastern Black Sea Region in Turkey. A 10-session training program based on reality therapy was implemented with the experimental group, and a no treatment control group served as the comparison. Pre-test, post-test, and follow-up measure for the experimental and control groups were analyzed used in the research. Two-way analysis of variance split plot design. The findings showed that the trai...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 17, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effect of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy on Irrational Career Beliefs of Students of Electrical Electronics and Other Engineering Trades in Technical Colleges in Nigeria
AbstractIrrational beliefs are factors that can explain students ’ emotional and/or pragmatic problems. Irrational career beliefs are career myths, maladaptive cognitions and inaccurate beliefs regarding career and the work world which impact negatively on career decision-making. The present research investigated the effectiveness of rational emotive behavior t herapy (REBT) on irrational career beliefs of students of electrical electronics, automobile trade, building/woodwork and mechanical trades in technical colleges in Nigeria. Using a pretest–posttest control group, 173 participants were assessed quantitat...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 15, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Irrational Beliefs and Self-Management as Separable Predictors of Anxiety and Depression
AbstractIrrational beliefs and self-management are both cognitive-behavioral constructs that are integral in modern Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy and Self-Management Therapy, respectively. Both irrational beliefs and self-management have been linked to anxiety and depression, and there is evidence for their usefulness for these types of distress. This is the first study to consider irrational beliefs and self-management as simultaneous predictors of anxiety and depression. An outpatient clinical sample (n  = 51) completed measures of irrational beliefs, self-management, and emotional symptoms. Results indicat...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 13, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Outcome of the Psychological Intervention Program: Internet Use for Youth
AbstractThe prevalence of problematic Internet use (PIU) is reportedly higher in South East Asian adolescent populations. The exacerbation of problematic adolescent behaviors has been found to associate significantly with PIU and is expected to worsen with age. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)-integrated therapy has been shown to significantly reduce in the presence of psychological symptoms such as depression and social anxiety. The Psychological Intervention Program-Internet Use for Youth (PIP-IU-Y) is a CBT-based program designed for adolescents and comprises of a series of interpersonal skills to improve their face-...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Logical Foundation for Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy
AbstractRational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) depends on the implications A  ⊃ B and B ⊃ C where A is an activating event, B is a belief and C is an emotional consequence. We use this idea to present a logical theory for REBT, and show how it can be used to create a computer program that can be used as a therapist’s aid. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 30, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Automatic Thoughts and Irrational Beliefs Predicting Anxiety and Depression
AbstractCognitive behavioral approaches differ in their views on core cognitions and their hypothesized role in the etiology of depression and anxiety. The present study provides empirical evidence regarding the relationship between irrational beliefs and components of automatic thoughts and their role in the etiology of depression and anxiety. The present study utilized newer and improved questionnaires to assess components of irrational belief. Based on prior research by Safren et al. (Cogn Ther Res 24(3):327 –344,2000), a three-factor structure of the combined automatic thought questionnaires were utilized to meas...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 28, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Catastrophizing, Depression and Anxiety During Pregnancy: Relation Between Lumbopelvic Pain and Physical/Social Functioning
AbstractCatastrophizing, a cognitive behavioral aspect of pain, is defined as an excessively negative orientation against a noxious stimulus. The primary goal of the present study is to assess the association between catastrophizing and lumbopelvic pain intensity during the pregnancy period, the secondary goal is to explore the variation of pain catastrophizing, anxiety and depression, and the tertiary goal is to investigate the relationship between catastrophizing and quality of life. After approval, pregnant women with lumbopelvic pain were invited to join in the study. During admission, participants were asked to comple...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 21, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Relationship Between Miscarriage and Dysfunctional Cognitions About Trauma, Coping Mechanisms, and Posttraumatic Growth
AbstractMany studies have described grief and psychiatric symptomatology as a typical feature following miscarriage. How women who had a miscarriage (MG) respond to trauma in terms of negative cognitions about their selves and the world, the coping strategies they employ to overcome the effects of the trauma, and what factors might be indicative of posttraumatic growth (PTG) in this population have not been extensively studied so far. We aimed to identify whether women who had a miscarriage (N  = 74 vs. N = 82 control subjects) exhibited higher levels of psychological distress symptoms, dysfunctional co...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 20, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Impact of Music-Based Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavioral Education on Positive and Negative Emotions: A Preliminary Investigation in Ecological Conditions
AbstractAlthough there is an extensive literature showing that both rational-emotive and cognitive-behavioral interventions (REBT/CBT) and music can alter various emotional responses, little is known about their ability to impact on both positive and negative emotions simultaneously. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate whether classical music combined with REBT/CBT psycho-education on emotions can alter people ’s levels of positive and negative emotions. A number of 459 participants (62.7% females;m age  = 36.67,SD = 11.754) were recruited for this study from the public attending to a cla...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 20, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Development of a Measure of Irrational/Rational Beliefs
This article describes the development of the ABS-2 and the original research on its psychometric propert ies. The scale has three factors that represent 24 different cells in a 4 × 2 × 3 factorial model. The first factor, Cognitive Processes, reflects Ellis’ concepts of Demandingness, Awfulizing, Frustration Intolerance, and Self-Downing. The second factor covers irrationally worded items versu s rationally worded items. The rationally worded items were written to counter the irrational beliefs. The third factor includes content or life themes about which the person could be concerned...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Use of the Mirror Tracing Persistence Task as a Measure of Distress Tolerance in Generalized Anxiety Disorder
This study examined if those with GAD exhibit lower distress tolerance compared to controls as evidenced by length of time persisting on the MTPT. Participants underwent diagnostic interviews to determine the presence of absence of GAD and following group assignment, completed the MTPT. Results demonstrated that the groups differed significantly in time spent persisting on the task, with controls persisting longer than those with GAD, supporting the hypothesis that individuals with GAD exhibit lower distress tolerance than controls. These results provide support for the use of behavioral assessments as potential markers of...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How do Rumination and Social Problem Solving Intensify Depression? A Longitudinal Study
AbstractIn order to examine how rumination and social problem solving intensify depression, the present study investigated longitudinal associations among each dimension of rumination and social problem solving and evaluated aspects of these constructs that predicted subsequent depression. A three-wave longitudinal study, with an interval of 4  weeks between waves, was conducted. Japanese university students completed the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition, Ruminative Responses Scale, Social Problem-Solving Inventory-Revised Short Version, and Interpersonal Stress Event Scale on three occasions 4 weeks apar...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Anxiety, Depression, and Procrastination Among Students: Rumination Plays a Larger Mediating Role than Worry
AbstractProcrastination is prevalent among students and is associated with negative outcomes, including poor academic performance and psychological distress. Research also suggests that anxiety and depression can exacerbate procrastination; however, the mechanisms associated with the development of procrastination are less understood. The current study aimed to clarify the role of negative repetitive thought (i.e., rumination and worry) in the links between anxiety and procrastination, and depression and procrastination. Ninety-one undergraduate students completed self-report measures of anxiety, depression, worry, broodin...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 17, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of a REBT Based Training on Children and Teachers in Primary School
AbstractRational Emotive Education (REE) is a psychological educational program offering a preventative psycho-educational curriculum to children in order to teach them emotional literacy skills. REE helps children by teaching them to challenge irrational thinking, to minimize their reactions to disappointment and frustrations, to cope more effectively with problems, and to more fully accept themselves. The efficacy of REE training for children and teachers was examined in a sample of 211 third grade students from nine different classes and 26 teachers. Each class was randomly assigned to one of three different groups, two...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 12, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Psychometric Properties of a Measure of Child Irrationality
AbstractThe article describes results from two studies that examined the psychometric properties of a measure of irrational thinking, the Child and Adolescent Scale of Irrationality (CASI), based on the model of REBT. Participants were 1034 children and parents recruited through schools and clinical settings. While the internal consistency of the total scale was quite high, the reliability of the proposed irrational subscales were considerably lower and an exploratory factor analysis failed to yield interpretable factors. Discriminative validity was demonstrated between subjects in clinical settings and school-based subjec...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 14, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cancer Victim Identity for Individuals with Histories of Cancer and Childhood Sexual Abuse
AbstractIdentifying as a ‘cancer victim’ has been linked to adverse psychosocial sequelae in individuals who have been diagnosed with cancer. Being a childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivor may predispose individuals towards a “victim” identity in general. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of ident ifying as a ‘cancer victim’ among CSA survivors who were diagnosed with cancer as adults, and to explore psychological factors associated with identification as a cancer victim. 105 adults reporting both a history of CSA and of having been diagnosed with cancer as an adult we...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 4, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of Rational Emotive Cognitive Behavioral Coaching on Depression Among Type 2 Diabetic Inpatients
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of rational emotive cognitive behavioral coaching (RE-CBC) on depressive thinking in a group of inpatients with Type 2 diabetes in Nigeria. A pretest –posttest control group design was used. Eighty participants were randomly allocated to the treatment and control groups. Outcomes were evaluated using Nigerian language (Igbo) versions of the Beck Depression Inventory-II and the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, and the intervention was deliv ered in Igbo. An Igbo version of the Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Manual for Depression was used as the ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Interface Between Sartre ’s Theory of Emotions and Depersonalization/Derealization
AbstractHuman beings are emotional beings and emotions are one ’s way of relating to the world. Sartre’sEmotions, An Outline of a Theory lies on the borderline between psychology and philosophy. In this paper I will attempt to present the interface of Sartre ’s philosophical theory of emotions with the signs and symptoms of depersonalization/derealization syndrome as presented in the psychiatric/psychological literature. I will begin by concisely situating Sartre’s concept of emotions within the Sartrean doctrine of existentialism, and follow with a brief summary of Bernard Frechtman’s transla...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 7, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Effectiveness and Transportability of Panic Control Treatment in a Private Practice Setting: Acute and Long Term Effects
AbstractEffectiveness studies have demonstrated the transportability of panic control treatment (PCT) to a variety of settings. The present study examined the acute and long-term effects of PCT in a private practice setting and explored correlates of treatment outcome. Participants (69% female, mean age  = 34.8, SD = 8.8 years) were 100 consecutive private practice referrals who entered treatment for panic disorder. Using intent-to-treat analyses, 72% of patients were panic-free and 44% of patients achieved high end state functioning (HESF) at posttreatment. At 1-year follow-up, 75% of patient s we...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 19, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Spiritual Distress and Depression in Bereavement: A Meaning-Oriented Contribution
In this study of a diverse sample of 59 American Christians bereaved less than 5 years, we sought to: (1) determine if individuals bereaved by homicide, suicide or fatal accident differed from those bereaved by natural causes in their levels of depression and spiritual coping; (2) investigate the relation between the latter constructs; and (3) ascertain if cause of death mediates the effect of r eligious coping on depression. We found that: (a) violently bereaved individuals endorsed more negative religious coping, and (b) depression was associated with greater spiritual struggle, particularly a sense of disrupted rel...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 12, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Schemas Mediate the Link Between Procrastination and Depression: Results from the United States and Pakistan
AbstractThe current study extended the Procrastination-Health model by examining a multiple mediation model, with two cognitive schemas (defectiveness; insufficient self-control) serving as mediators. The models were as follows: procrastination  → defectiveness → depression; procrastination → insufficient self-control → depression. Participants included 412 (271 women, 141 men) United States (US) and 240 (107 women, 133 men) Pakistani college students, who responded via self-report questionnaires. In the US sample, results revealed a non-significant direct effect ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 12, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Introduction to the Special Issue on Grief
AbstractIn the Introduction I present an overview of the changes that take place in conceptualizing the psychological purpose of the grief process following death of a loved one, and their effect on defining adaptive and maladaptive outcomes of grief. One of the most significant ones is the shift from breaking bonds to continuing bonds —the process of reorganizing the inner relationship with the deceased. New models of developmental grief have evolved. These are empirically-based and evidenced-based studies within which Cognitive Behavior Grief Therapy has gained significant reputation and the collection of articles ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Cognitive-Behavioral-Based Workshop Intervention for Maladaptive Perfectionism
AbstractMaladaptive perfectionism (MP) can have adverse consequences for mental and physical health and can interfere with treatment success for various conditions. Theoretical conceptualizations of MP largely surround overly rigid and self-critical thinking as well as excessively high standards. Treatment for MP thus often focuses on these cognitive aspects and has been successful, albeit lengthy. The present study evaluated a brief cognitive-behavioral workshop for those with high, moderate, and low MP, which was defined as a composite of perfectionism subscales that included concern over mistakes, doubting of actions, p...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Care for a Change? Tiered CBT for Youth
This article presents a tiered care model that incorporates common elements contained in modular CBT packages. The basics of tiered care and the Modular Approach to Therapy with Children with Anxiety, Depression, Trauma and Conduct Problems follow. Keys for uniting common CBT elements into tiered care are delineated. A simple, transparent stratified care system is presented. Three confabulated cases augment the description of the approach. The article concludes with recommendations for administering a stratified care system. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - December 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

When REBT Goes Difficult: Applying ABC-DEF to Personality Disorders
AbstractABC-DEF framework is at the core of rational emotive behavior therapy. It is a highly flexible framework and has proven to be applicable to many emotional disorders. We cannot take for granted, however, that this framework can be used successfully with all clients, particularly with those suffering from severe disorders or personality disorders. In fact, the difficulties of these clients in recognizing, naming and reflecting upon states of mind, their dysregulated emotions and self-defeating behavior, and their difficulty in establishing a strong working alliance with a therapist may hamper the correct implementati...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - December 23, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Bereavement and Traumatic Bereavement: Working with the Two-Track Model of Bereavement
AbstractBereavement following loss through death is a universal human experience, but how it is experienced and understood is mediated by many variables. In this article, we stress the importance of a bifocal approach to understanding, assessing and intervening following the loss of significant persons using the framework of the Two-Track Model of Bereavement. This model examines both biopsychosocial functioning as well as the nature of the ongoing relationship with the deceased and the death story in working with the bereaved. It is particularly suited to identify adaptive and maladaptive responses to loss and to optimall...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 24, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Foundations and Evolution of Cognitive Behavioral Coaching in Organizations: An Interview with Dominic DiMattia
AbstractCognitive-behavioral interventions applied in organizations have evolved from cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), especially rational emotive and cognitive behavioral therapy (RE& CBT) since the ‘70s, following the expansion of the coaching field. Dominic DiMattia brought the very first contributions to these developments, both at the theoretical and empirical level. In this interview, Dominic DiMattia talks about how he worked with Albert Ellis to develop the extensions of RE& CBT in the organizational field, and expands into the theories that have influenced his work. He clarifies essential concepts...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 15, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Developing Managerial Skills Through Coaching: Efficacy of a Cognitive-Behavioral Coaching Program
This article builds on recent research on the importance of the managerial coaching by empirically investigating the effects of a cognitive-behavioral coaching programme over mid-level managers. Due to the similarities between managerial coaching behaviors and transformational leadership behaviors, we have adopted the transformational leadership model as theoretical framework for evaluating management behaviors. The study used a pre-posttest approach to test the effects of the coaching program especially designed for 23 mid-level managers having as responsibility the supervision of production teams in a multinational organ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive Behavioral Coaching and Its Assessment Tools: A Brief Review
AbstractThe present review serves as a critical analysis of two primary assessment tools used in the cognitive behavior coaching field, i.e., the Freeman –Gavita prescriptive executive coaching (Gavita et al. in J Cogn Behav Psychother 12(2):159–174,2012) and the managerial coaching assessment system (David and Matu in J Cogn Behav Psychother 13(2a):259 –274,2013). In this brief review, the author provides an overview of the perceived benefits and areas for improvement regarding the use of the Prescriptive Index Platform in organizational settings. Primary benefits include its comprehensive and multi-rate...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Irrational and Metacognitive Beliefs Mediate the Relationship Between Content Beliefs and GAD Symptoms: A Study on a Normal Population
AbstractCognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) and Metacognitive Therapy (MCT) models show both similarities and differences in conceptualizing anxiety. This work assumes that REBT ’s irrational and MCT’s metacognitive beliefs play a mediation role while CBT’s disorder specific content beliefs act as triggers. This hypothesis is tested using a regression model in which metacognitive and irrational beliefs play a mediation role while content disorder beliefs are independe nt variables. This paper applied this model to generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), a psychiatric d...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 18, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Coping Style as a Moderator of Perfectionism and Suicidal Ideation Among Undergraduate Students
This study investigates the relationship between coping style, two types of perfectionism, and suicidal ideation among undergraduates, and examines coping style as a moderator of the relationship between perfectionism and suicidal ideation. Multi-stage cluster random sampling was employed to recruit 547 undergraduate students aged 19–24 years from the Islamic Azad University of Karaj. Structural Equation Modelling indicated that suicidal ideation was negatively associated with adaptive perfectionism and task-focused coping but positively associated with emotion-focused coping, avoida nce coping, and maladaptive ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 13, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Unconditional Self Acceptance and Self Esteem in Relation to Frustration Intolerance Beliefs and Psychological Distress
AbstractThe present study examines the moderating role of unconditional self acceptance and self esteem in relation to frustration intolerance beliefs and psychological distress. Participants were one hundred and fifty student (aged 18 –25) studying at three universities (COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, University of Management Sciences, and University of Central Punjab) of Lahore, Pakistan. They completed a demographic information sheet, the Frustration Discomfort Scale (Harrington in Clin Psychol Psychother 12:374 –387,2005a), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg in Society and the adolesce...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 30, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Emotion Ideology Mediates Effects of Risk Factors on Alexithymia Development
AbstractDespite its connection to mental and behavioral health complications, elevated alexithymia tends to be associated with low responsiveness and high resistance to psychological intervention. To further understanding of potential treatment targets for clients with alexithymic traits, the present study explored the (a) independent contributions of various risk factors to statistical predictions of alexithymic trait severity, (b) generalizability of risk factor contributions across two culturally distinct samples, and (c) potential for emotion ideology (i.e., beliefs about emotion and emotional experience) to mediate su...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Acceptance in Cognitive Behavioral Psychotherapies: Different or the Same?
The objectives of this study were to assess and compare the properties of ACT acceptance with those of REBT acceptance in predicting emotions. A sample of 112 subjects, comprising different educational and occupational status, completed three measures of acceptance (REBT and ACT), two of mindfulness, as well as completing depression and anxiety scales. Both ACT acceptance as process and REBT acceptance could predict significant ACT acceptance as outcome. Mindfulness as a trait also predicted the level of ACT outcome acceptance as well as the level of REBT acceptance, but mindfulness as process predicted only ACT outcome ac...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive Reactivity in Depressed Outpatients: How Different is Severe Depression?
AbstractCognitive behavioral approaches have been able to demonstrate some of the underlying and perpetuating factors of depression such as cognitive reactivity (CR). The association of CR and the severity of depression is yet to be reported. We aimed to compare the CR of a group of outpatients based on their self-reported severity of depression (SRSD), and to identify the role of specific CR vulnerability markers in depression. The study population consisted of 221 outpatients diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder. We used the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and completed a demographic and clinical data ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 2, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Jealousy, Infidelity, and the Difficulty of Diagnosing Pathology: A CBT Approach to Coping with Sexual Betrayal and the Green-Eyed Monster
Abstract Humans have evolved adaptations for infidelity, as well defenses against a partner ’s betrayal—centrally the emotion of jealousy. Both create problems that bring couples to therapy. Diagnosing jealousy as pathological versus normal turns out to be difficult, in part because infidelity has evolved to be concealed from the betrayed mate, which creates a signal detection problem . Because missing an infidelity committed by a mate has been more costly in evolutionary currencies than falsely suspecting a partner of cheating, selection has created an error management cognitive bias to over-infer a partn...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 22, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Unintentional Procrastination Scale
AbstractProcrastination refers to the delay or postponement of a task or decision and is often conceptualised as a failure of self-regulation. Recent research has suggested that procrastination could be delineated into two domains: intentional and unintentional. In this two-study paper, we aimed to develop a measure of unintentional procrastination (named the Unintentional Procrastination Scale or the ‘UPS’) and test whether this would be a stronger marker of psychopathology than intentional and general procrastination. In Study 1, a community sample of 139 participants completed a questionnaire that consisted ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 11, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Practicing REBT in Italy: Cultural Aspects
Abstract This paper attempts to explore the cultural background for the adoption and practice of REBT by cognitive therapists in Italy since the 1980s. It is not an attempt to capture the history of Italian culture and philosophy from antiquity. Italian therapists tend to prefer the assessment phase of the ABC framework and not fully adopt REBT disputing interventions. They also attempt to link the ABC not only to the here and now but also to clients ’ personal development. In our experience, they have combined REBT with constructivism and metacognition. These current features parallel the historical lack of confide...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research