Assessing the Efficacy of Rational Emotive Behavior Intervention for Visually Impaired Upper Basic School Children with Negative Self-belief/Personal Value System
This study examined the efficacy of rational emotive behavior intervention (REBT) in reducing the negative self-belief/personal of upper basic school children living with blindness. A group-randomized trial design was adopted using 56 primary school children who are living with blindness. The participants received a value-based rational emotive behavior program and were assessed at three points using PVS and ABS-2-AV. Analysis utilizing ANCOVA showed that there was no significant difference between the treatment and control groups in initial negative self-belief/maladaptive value using ABS-2-AV and PVS. At post-treatment, ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Premenstrual Syndrome: The Role of Emotion Regulation Strategies and Trait Meta-Mood
AbstractThe aim of the current study was to compare women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and with women in a non-PMS group with regard to emotion regulation strategies and trait meta-mood dimensions. Based on the results of an interview and screening tool, a total of 252 female college students were assigned to two groups including 126 women with PMS and 126 non-PMS women. Participants completed the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire  (ERQ) and Trait Meta-Mood Scale (TMMS). The results showed that the women with PMS scored significantly higher on suppression (d = 2.35) and lower on reappraisal (d ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Persian Version of the Personality Beliefs Questionnaire-Short-Form (PBQ-SF): A Psychometric Evaluation
This study designed to examine the factor structure, internal consistency, and convergent validity of the Persian PBQ-SF in a sample of 502 university students in Iran (M age = 23.22,SD = 4.99, 56.6% women). Confirmatory factor analysis supported the proposed ten-factor model. The internal consistency of the Persian version of PBQ-SF ranged from .56 (Avoidant) to .81 (Histrionic), while MIC values indicated reliabilities in the acceptable range for all PBQ-SF factors. Also, ex pected associations between PBQ-SF factors (e.g., Narcissism and Antisocial) and external correlates (e.g., Disinhibitio...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Proposing a Measurement Model of REBT and Applying It to the Assessment of Well-Being and Happiness in Patients with Tension-Type Headaches
AbstractDepression, anxiety, stress (DAS) are triggers of tension-type headaches. The current research investigates how irrational cognitions, according to the theory of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (tREBT), are associated with DAS. We determine how tREBT predicts well-being and happiness outcomes of people experiencing tension-type headaches through DAS. We use the Hybrid Model of Learning in Personality (HMLP) to provide a detailed model of cognitions associated with tREBT. This research aims to advance understanding of the psychological factors associated with tension-type headaches, and our measurement model of t...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Rumination and Co-Rumination and their Associations with Alcohol-Related Problems and Depressive Symptoms among College Students
AbstractThe college years are a time of significant upheaval, including changes in social relationships and dramatic increases in the development of depressive symptoms and alcohol-related problems. Research has identified that individuals ’ tendencies to dwell on stressful events, both cognitively (rumination) and interpersonally (co-rumination), are independent risk factors for depressive symptoms and alcohol-related problems; however, pathways linking these processes are largely unexamined. The current study evaluated the tendenc y to focus excessively on problems in intra and inter-individual contexts and its rel...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

An Evaluation of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy with Mindfulness (CBTm) Classes and Telepsychology Utility in Rural Community Settings
Conclusions: Group-based CBTm classes, whether delivered in person or via telepsychology, appear to be an effective avenue for improving mental well-being and service access among rural community members. Although encouraging, results also suggested a need for research  on predictors of and reducing antecedents to class dropout in this population. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Metacognition and Academic Procrastination: A Meta-Analytical Examination
AbstractProcrastination is a universal phenomenon that occurs to most individuals in various settings. Such prevalence of academic procrastination suggests a need for systematic research that documents potential factors that lead to academic procrastination and subsequently explores potential ways to reduce procrastination, such as metacognition. Grounded upon the Self-Regulatory Executive Function (Wells and Matthews in Cognit Emot 8(3):279 –295.https://doi.org/10.1080/026999394084089421994), metacognition plays an essential role in explaining and predicting procrastination. As the first attempt, this study aims to ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Efficacy of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy on Depression Among Children with Learning Disabilities: Implications for Evaluation in Science Teaching
AbstractOwing to the prevalence of mental health issues among Nigerian in-school children, the effect of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy ’s (REBT) efficacy on depression management among children with learning disabilities (LD) in inclusive classrooms in Nigeria was explored. Using a sample of 48 children with LD, the researchers conducted true experimental research. The participants were randomised into experimental (n = 24) a nd control (n = 24) groups. The Wide Range Achievement Test and Children’s Depression Inventory were used as instruments for the study. The interventio...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the European Portuguese Adaptation of the Insomnia Catastrophizing Scale (ICS)
AbstractThe current study developed the first translation and adaptation of the ICS (Insomnia Catastrophizing Scale) into European Portuguese, and studied its psychometric properties. The ICS evaluates the catastrophic thoughts related with insomnia symptoms during sleeping time (ICS-N) and during daytime functioning (ICS-D). We recruited a community-based sample of 802 Portuguese participants, aged  ≥ 18 years, where approximately 80% of the sample were women. The results showed that the scale has good internal consistency values for both the ICS-N (α = 0.93) and ICS-D (α&th...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Cross-Validation of the Anger Cognitions Scale-Revised: Cognitions and Anger in an Italian Adolescent Sample
AbstractThe Angry Cognitions Scale (ACS; Martin and Dahlen in J Ration Emot Cogn Behav Therapy 25(3): 155 –173, 2007) is a comprehensive instrument designed to test cognitions that are related to anger. This paper presents data on the Italian-language version of the Angry Cognition Scale-Revised (ACS-R; Soto and DiGiuseppe in which beliefs best predict anger, 2016) in a sample of adolescents aged 11– 19 years. The revised version attempted to refine the ACS to better represent Ellis’s theory of irrational beliefs and clarify the coping strategies subscale. Our study attempted to (a) test the factoria...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Testing the Efficacy of Family Health-Model of REBT on Family Values and Quality of Family Life Among Parents of Children with Visual Impairment
This study attempts to validate the efficacy of a rational emotional family health therapy in addressing family values and quality of life among parents of children with visual impairment in Enugu state Nigeria. A group randomized controlled design, participants comprised 132 parents whose children were living with visual impairment in Enugu state, Nigeria. The participants in REFHP-group were exposed to a 12-session treatment programme whereas their counterparts in the waitlisted control group did not receive this intervention. Two measures-Family Quality of Life Scale and Family Value Scale were utilized in assessing the...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Emotion Efficacy Improves Prediction of HIV/AIDS Risky Behaviors: A Modified Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Model
AbstractAlthough the information-motivation-behavioral (IMB) skills model is a functional and well-known model for HIV/AIDS prevention, there are criticisms surrounding this model, including how the role of emotion in preventing high-risk behaviors has been neglected. The present study intends to investigate the prediction of psychological factors affecting HIV/AIDS prevention among people at high risk for HIV/AIDS by the modified IMB skills model in Iran. Two hundred sixty-nine individuals with high-risk sexual behaviors were selected by snowball sampling and completed the international HIV/AIDS questionnaire, the IMB que...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Compared to Client-Centered Therapy for Outpatients: A Randomized Clinical Trial with a Three Months Follow up
This study evaluated the effectiveness of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) for outpatients with GAD and mild depression and tested the effectiveness of REBT to an active, alternative treatment, Humanistic, Client-Centered Therapy (HCCT) in a clinical setting. The study aimed to understand whether REBT is a more effective treatment than HCCT through testing both pre-treatment and including three-month follow-up results. Thirty-one participants were assessed for overall psychopathological variables such as anxiety, depression, levels of unhealthy negative emotions and regret, activation, hope and nothingness as ontol...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Examining Irrational Happiness Beliefs within an Adaptation-Continuum Model of Personality and Coping
AbstractThe integration of dispositional characteristics of personality and coping as part of an adaptation-continuum model of personality and coping has become a focal point in recent studies. The model has been used to provide a context in which to understand the factors related to human health and well-being. The present study sought to investigate the position of irrational happiness beliefs within the adaptation continuum model by integrating Gray ’s model of personality and Ferguson’s model of coping strategies. A total of 166 adults (mean age = 39.48,SD = 11.32), recruited fro...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-critical Rumination and Associated Metacognitions as Mediators of the Relationship Between Perfectionism and Self-esteem
AbstractPast research has shown that perfectionism, can negatively impact self-esteem. However, the mediating factors that explain this relationship remain unclear. The current study aimed to investigate whether specific cognitive processes, namely, self-critical rumination and associated metacognitions, mediate this relationship. An opportunity sample of 347 participants completed a battery of online questionnaires measuring clinical perfectionism, self-critical rumination, metacognitions about self-critical rumination, self-esteem, and levels of psychological distress. Several hypotheses were tested to examine the associ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Stress Reduction among Primary Education Pupils in Nigeria
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for stress reduction among primary of education pupils in Nigeria. The research design used in the study was a pretest/post-test and no-treatment control group. The participants of the study were 96 pupils who had experienced a high level of stress. The participants were assigned either to treatment group (n  = 48) or no-treatment group (n = 48). The Educational Stress Scale for Pupils was the measure used for data collection in the study, while repeated measures analysis of variance was used for data ana...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effect of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy on Post-Traumatic Depression in Flood Victims
This study examines the effect of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) intervention on posttraumatic depressed flood victims in Nigeria. A total number of 98 participants (parents) were randomly assigned to treatment (n = 49) and the waitlisted control (n = 49) groups. REBT Depression Manual was used for the delivery of the intervention while depression was e valuated using Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) and Goldberg Depression Scale. The data of the pretest, posttest and follow-up were subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS version 22. Specifically, Analysis of covarianc...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Relationships Between School Bullying and Frustration Intolerance Beliefs in Adolescence: A Gender-Specific Analysis
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to address frustration intolerance related to bullying among adolescents. We investigated how sociodemographic characteristics and intolerance frustration beliefs are related to four bullying roles (pure victim, bully-victim, pure bully and noninvolved). This cross-sectional study featured a sample of 1124 French adolescents (616 girls and 508 boys), who completed the revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire and Frustration Discomfort scales. Results revealed that adolescents involved in bullying expressed more irrational frustration intolerance beliefs than their noninvolved peers. E...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Familial Thinking Patterns: Rational and Irrational Beliefs During a Life Transition
AbstractDespite the increase in research on shared issues among family members, less is known about familial thinking patterns and potential changes when a family undergoes a transition. The present longitudinal study aimed to examine whether family members share common thinking patterns, specifically regarding rational and irrational beliefs, and whether such a style is sustained in the face of a child ’s leaving home and enlisting in military service. A total of 390 Israeli family triads (mother, father, soldier) participated in this study. Participants filled out the questionnaire four months before and six months...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Mindfulness and Happiness in Student-Athletes: The Role of Self-Compassion —Mediator or Moderator?
AbstractIn the present study, the mediating and moderating role of self-compassion in the relationship between mindfulness and happiness was examined through Structural Equation Modeling in student-athletes. Three hundred sixty-three individual and team-sport athletes (63.9% male; 35.8% female; 0.3% non-binary,Mage = 21.51SD = 3.33) participating in the study were asked to fill out the Mindfulness Inventory for Sport, the Self-Compassion Scale, and the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire. There were significant positive correlations between mindfulness, self-compassion, and happiness. Structural equa...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reducing Burnout among Building Construction and Mechanical Trade Artisans: The Role of Rational Emotive Behaviour Intervention
In conclusion, the rational emotive behaviour intervention significantly reduced the burnout score of building construction and mechanical trade artisans and sustained it. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Jordanian Version of the Thought Control Questionnaire Insomnia-Revised (TCQI-R)
This study aimed to translate and adapt the TCQI-R to the Jordanian society. In this study, the questionnaire was applied to a sample of 361 participants aged between 19 and 61  years, of which 210 were women (58%). The principal component analysis determined five components: reappraisal, cognitive distraction, aggressive suppression, worry, and behavioral distraction. Each of the total scores of the questionnaire (α = 0.90) and its five components (Cronbach’s α b etween 0.75 and 0.83) demonstrated high internal consistency. The results of the triple analysis of variance established tha...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dysfunctional Attitudes as a Mediator in the Association Between Problematic Internet Use and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress
AbstractThe aim of this study was to describe the mediating role of dysfunctional attitudes in the association between problematic internet use and general distress. The study was performed based on the correlational design. It included 543 university students (69.6% female, n  = 378; 28.4% male, n = 154, 2% gender not stated, n = 11). The ages of university students participating in this cross-sectional study varied from 17 to 28 years and mean age was 18.49 years (SD = 1.06). Data were collected with the Problematic Internet Use Scale, Dysfunctional Attitu...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Hesitancy to Return to the Pre-pandemic Routine
This study provided a tool to informed understanding on how citizens perceive the new normality after the COVID-19 pandemic. If not appropriately addressed, hesitancy may increase stress levels and result in mental health or socialization problems. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Persian irrational performance beliefs inventory (iPBI-Persian): Translation, confirmatory factor analysis, and test –retest reliability, in Iranian athletes
AbstractThis paper reports the development and initial validation of the Persian language Irrational Performance Beliefs Inventory (iPBI-Persian). The original iPBI was developed to provide a validated measure of the four core irrational beliefs of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) within performance-based samples, such as athletes. Data retrieved from 334 athletes (169 men, 165 women, Mage  = 21.52 ± 4.00 years) were analyses using SPSS and LISREL software packages. After the linguistic and cross-cultural adaptation processes, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) results showed...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Application of Maultsby ’s Rational Behavior Therapy in Psychosis – A Case Report
We report the case of a 17-year-old patient who had been recently diagnosed with schizophrenia according to ICD-10 criteria, presenting with recurrent psychotic symptoms and suicidal ideation. Over 1.5  years, the patient was treated in an outpatient setting with antipsychotic medications and, intermittently, with RBT-based psychotherapy (by the first author). The therapy process was interrupted periodically due to temporary improvements in the patient’s status, non-adherence, or relapses, incl uding one episode requiring hospitalization. Nevertheless, the treatment eventually resulted in a long-lasting remissio...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effect of School-based Rational-Emotive Behaviour Program on Burnout Among Adult Learners: Moderating Influence of Participants' Demographic Variables
AbstractAcademic burnout is characterised by mental and emotional distress among different populations of learners. Rational emotive-behaviour therapy (REBT) has shown great promise in helping students manage mental distress. As such, this study determined the effect of an REBT program on burnout among 138 adult learners who are also teachers. We also investigated the extent to which learners' characteristics such as age, gender, academic level, and marital status moderated the REBT program's effect. The participants were assigned to the intervention group (n = 69) and control group (n = 69). Th...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Impact of Cognitive-Behavioral Group Psycho-Education Program on Psychological Resilience, Irrational Beliefs, and Well-Being
AbstractThe aim of this study is to investigate the effect of cognitive-behavioral group psycho-education program on psychological resilience, irrational beliefs, and well-being. In the study, 29 high school students participated. As a data collection, The Resilience Scale, the Irrational Beliefs Scale-Adlescent Form, the Subjective Well-being Scale-High School Form and The Determination of Risk Factors were used. In the study, psycho-education program based on cognitive behavioral approach was applied to experimental group in 10 sessions, once a week. No study was performed with the control group. 2  ×&thinsp...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of Rational Emotive Behavior Occupational Intervention on Perceptions of Work Value and Ethical Practices: Implications for Educational Policy Makers
AbstractEthical issues such as value decadence, moral laxity, and negative attitudes to work among Nigerian employees such as teachers remain worrisome trends especially with regards to professional integrity. These problems in workplace settings could be associated with negative perceptions of organizational demands, values, and principles. Given this, this study examined the effect of rational emotive occupational intervention on the perceptions of work value and ethical practices among primary school teachers in Nigeria. A group-randomized control intervention with 148 primary school teachers as participants was employe...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Behavioral Management in Encephalitis Rehabilitation: Review of Clinical Research with Clinical Recommendations
AbstractEncephalitis is a serious condition which can affect emotional, behavioral, cognitive, and intellectual functioning. Psychologists ’ role in encephalitis rehabilitation is not standardized, but cognitive-behavioral therapy is well explored in other neurological conditions for the treatment of its comorbidities. For that reason, the aim of this article is to explore usefulness of behavioral interventions in encephalitis rehabi litation. In combined sample, only 32 patients were reportedly treated with behavioral interventions, out of which 17 (53.1%) were female. Majority of them were rehabilitated in post-enc...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Correlation of Alexithymia with Grief and Depression Symptom Severity in Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder
This study aimed to compare the depression and grief levels between patients with persistent complex bereavement disorder who have alexithymia and those who do not have alexithymia. This study also aimed to examine the correlations between these variables. A total of 80 patients with persistent complex bereavement disorders were included and divided into two groups: alexithymia (n  = 45) and nonalexithymia (n = 35). Each patient was evaluated using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, the Inventory of Complicated Grief and the Beck Depression Inventory. Individuals with alexithymia who have symptoms o...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Development of a Short Form of an Irrational/Rational Beliefs Scale
This study developed a short form of the Attitudes and Beliefs Scale-2 (ABS-2), a measure of Ellis ’s irrational and rational beliefs. We compared the short form (ABS2-SF) to the longer original scale with 2096 participants, including clinical outpatients, American and Romanian college students, and drug/alcohol rehab residents. The ABS-SF correlated highly with the Original ABS-2. Confirmatory Factor Analyses yielded an excellent fit for an eight-factor bifactor model with factors for the irrational and rational cognitive processes and a general factor. The resulting subscales had excellent internal reliability. The...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reducing Negative Value System in Students: The Impacts of Rational Emotive Behavioural Education
AbstractStudies have shown that unvalued life and moral decadence among Nigerian students have reached an unbearable level (e.g. Adebisi in Adv Soc Sci Res J 5(2):190 –199, 2018). Hence, this study was undertaken to find out if and how REBE can impact on negative value system among students. A total of 146 participants allocated randomly to the intervention group and the no-contact control group served as participants in this study. A 12-week REBE-programme tha t focused on reducing the negative value system was delivered to the intervention group by the therapists. Data analyses were completed using repeated-measure...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effect of Rational Emotive Career Coaching on Dysfunctional Career Beliefs in Recent University Graduates
AbstractThe main objective of the study was to determine the effect of rational emotive career coaching on dysfunctional career beliefs in recent university graduates. The research design for the study was a group-randomized trial. The participants of this study were 176 recent university graduates in Enugu State, Nigeria. The instrument titled “Dysfunctional Career Beliefs Scale” was used for data collection. Experts in educational psychology, guidance and counselling and measurement and evaluation at a Federal University in Nigeria validated the instrument. Also, the researchers performed content, construct&n...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy for Dysfunctional Anger: A Case Study
AbstractAnger and related problems are common conditions in everyday life. Anger is often experienced as a feeling that leads to disruptive consequences. Often, anger can be seen among young people, especially in romantic relationships. This case study didactically presents rational-emotive behavior therapy treatment of dysfunctional anger in an 18-year-old Turkish woman. The client mostly experienced intensive anger problems including physical signs and symptoms. The therapy sessions covered the client ’s problems with her boyfriend. Treatment focused on disputing irrational beliefs, engaging in imaginal exposure, p...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Mediating Role of Cognitive Flexibility in the Relationship between Traumatic Experiences in the Childhood Period and Substance Abuse Proclivity
AbstractWithin the scope of this study, the mediating effect of cognitive flexibility in the relationship between traumatic experiences in the childhood period and substance abuse tendency was investigated. In the study 532 university students at undergraduate level participated. In selecting of the sample of this study, the convenience sampling methods in probability sampling methods were used. Participants completed a Demographic Information Form, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form, Substance Abuse Proclivity Scale and Cognitive Flexibility Inventory. The results of the analysis found evidence of a positive signif...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dispositional Mindfulness Profiles and Cannabis Use in Young Adults
AbstractThe relationships between dispositional mindfulness and cannabis use remain understudied. The aim of the present study was to link cannabis use and problematic use with different profiles based on dispositional mindfulness facets. A sample of 1572 college students completed self-report questionnaires assessing dispositional mindfulness, cannabis use, and internalizing/externalizing symptoms. A cluster analysis based on the facets of dispositional mindfulness (observing,non-judgment,non-reactivity,acting with awareness, anddescribing) yielded three clusters: a High-Traits cluster (HT), a Non-Judgmentally Aware clust...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Alexithymia Mediates the Relationship Between Insecure Attachment and Eating Disorder Symptoms
AbstractInsecure attachment and alexithymia have traditionally been associated with eating disorders. However, research has recently started to examine the specific mechanisms by which attachment insecurity affect disordered eating. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the hypothesis that alexithymia mediates the relationships between insecure attachment patterns and eating disorders (EDs) and to test the relative contribution of each component of alexithymia. 323 female university students and 38 anorexic patients completed questionnaires on attachment, alexithymia and ED symptoms within a structural equatio...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Maladaptive Emotional Schemas and Emotional Functioning: Evaluation of an Integrated Model Across Two Independent Samples
AbstractRecent advancements in emotion theory propose that emotional schemas —individualized conceptualizations and beliefs about emotions—serve a fundamental function in guiding emotional processes. To critically assess the validity of this suggestion, the current research proposed and evaluated an integrative model of emotional functioning. Two studies were completed u sing a combination of behavioral (Mirror Tracing Persistence Task), performance-based (Perception of Affect Task), and self-report (Leahy Emotional Schema Scale-II, Cognitive-Behavioral Avoidance Scale, Generalized Expectancy for Negative Mood ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Testing the Efficacy of the FEAR —Model of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in Treating Test Anxiety in Chemistry Students
This study tested the efficacy of the FEAR —model of cognitive behavioural therapy in treating test anxiety in Chemistry students. We adopted a randomized pretest-posttest trial experimental design. A total of 153 participants served as the study sample. Two instruments were used for data collection. The participants were administered the instruments at three different times. Treatment manual for test anxiety was employed to deliver the therapy. Data analysis was completed using analysis of covariance. The researchers found that FEAR-model of CBT had a significant effect on participants’ test anxiety scores as ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The “Weakest Link” as an Indicator of Cognitive Vulnerability Predicts Stress Generation: A Multi-Wave Longitudinal Study among Adolescents
AbstractThis multi-wave longitudinal study examined the role of depressive symptoms and the weakest link approach as an indicator of cognitive vulnerability to predict stress generation. The weakest link approach posits that an individual is as cognitively vulnerable as his or her strongest attributional style. Data of 521 Chinese adolescents were investigated in this study. During an initial assessment, participants completed a demographic survey that assessed depressive symptoms, weakest links, and stress. Over the subsequent 6 months, participants completed monthly assessments of depressive symptoms and stress. The resu...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Behavioral Inhibition/Activation Systems and Self-Esteem with Depression: The Mediating Role of Social Anxiety
This study aimed to investigate the mediating role of social anxiety in the relationship between brain-behavioral systems and self-esteem with depression. Our sample (n  = 399; 117 males, 282 females) consisted of Iranian undergraduate students in the academic year 2018–2019 who were selected by the stage sampling method and completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN), Behavioral Inhibition/Behavioral Activation System Scales, and Global Self-Esteem (GSE) subscale of Multidimensional Self-Esteem Inventory (MSEI). Our results indicate that there was a significant a...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

European Portuguese Validation of the Thought Control Questionnaire Insomnia-Revised (TCQI-R)
AbstractIndividuals with insomnia complaints often report intrusive thoughts. In this sense, strategies to cope with cognitive arousal are a key topic to be addressed. The TCQI-R is a self-reporting instrument aimed at evaluating the strategies used by individuals to control their thoughts during insomnia episodes. The aim of this study was to translate and adapt the thought control questionnaire insomnia-revised (TCQI-R) for the Portuguese population. In the current study, a community-dwelling sample of 802 participants was recruited, aged between 18 and 66  years, of whom 163 were men and 639 women (80%). The princi...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Positive Irrational Beliefs and Mental Health
This study examined the relationship between positive irrational beliefs, or positive illusions, and mental health. It attempted to address previous issues with inferential methods for assessing such beliefs by directly assessing positive irrational beliefs relating to the self, control, and optimism. The study included 1243 participants who completed the survey questionnaire. A two-step structural equation modeling framework was used to test associations between positive irrational beliefs and mental health constructs. This allowed for a componential analysis separating a higher order factor, likely representing positive ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Mediator Role of Negative Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies Between Interpersonal Problems and Borderline Personality Beliefs
AbstractInterpersonal difficulties and emotion regulation are the core characteristics of borderline personality disorders (BPD). However, how emotion regulation strategies contribute to the association between interpersonal problems and borderline personality symptomatology have not been highlighted within cognitive theory. The current study aims to examine the mediator role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies between interpersonal problems and borderline personality beliefs. The study consisted of 648 (381 women and 267 male) people from Turkey. In addition to Socio-Demographic Form, Cognitive Emotion Regulation Q...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effect of State and Trait Self-Critical Rumination on Acute Distress: An Exploratory Experimental Investigation
AbstractSelf-critical rumination is a process whereby individuals focus attention on past failures and inadequacies without consideration for improvement or problem-solving. Past research has demonstrated that self-critical rumination is a separate process from the experience of having intrusive self-critical thoughts and that engaging in self-critical rumination is strongly correlated with beliefs that it is uncontrollable or represents a weakness of character. What is less clear at this time, however, is the impact that self-critical rumination has on levels of distress when faced with failure. Thirty volunteers who were...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Management of Test Anxiety Among Pupils in Basic Science Using Music-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy Intervention: Implication for Community Development
AbstractEffectiveness of music-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) intervention has been established on various participants such as students in secondary schools, university students, and other categories of adults. However, there is a dearth of literature on the effectiveness of music-based CBT intervention program on the management of primary school pupils ’ test anxiety in basic science. Thus, this study sought the effectiveness of a music-based CBT intervention program on the management of test anxiety among pupils. A randomized controlled trial experimental design was adopted for the study using a sample of ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Factor Structure of the Revised Indecisiveness Scale and Association with Risks for and Symptoms of Anxiety, Depression, and Attentional Control
AbstractIndecisiveness is trait-like difficulty making decisions across time and situations. Past investigations indicate that indecisiveness is associated with Major Depressive Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and Obsessive –Compulsive Disorder as well as with neuroticism, Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU), and avoidance. The most used measure of indecisive is Frost and Shows’ (Behav Res Therapy, 1993. http://doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(93)90121-a) Indecisiveness Scale (IS), which has been revised to remove situation-s pecific indecision items. Research evaluating the original and revised IS (RIS) has found...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Anger, Frustration Intolerance, Global Evaluation of Human Worth and Externalizing Behaviors in Preadolescence
AbstractThe present study tries to offer a better understanding of transdiagnostic and specific correlates of externalizing problems in preadolescence. The first goal was to investigate which of the two categories of irrational beliefs (frustration intolerance and global evaluation of human worth) is more responsible for the manifestation of externalizing behaviors. The results claimed for dissociation in the cognitive profile of specific externalizing problems, frustration intolerance beliefs specifically predict unruly and disruptive behavior, and global evaluation of human worth specifically explained conduct disorder. ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How to Cope with Perfectionism? Perfectionism as a Risk Factor for Suicidality and the Role of Cognitive Coping in Adolescents
This study investigated the association between PS, CMD, and suicidality in a sample of 273 Dutch secondary school students aged between 12 and 15  years old (M  =  13.54,SD = 0.58, 55.8% males). We also examined whether adaptive, or maladaptive cognitive coping strategies influenced these associations. We hypothesized that students high in PS or CMD would experience an increased suicidality. Moreover, we expected that adaptive coping strategies would act as buffer between the association of perfectionism and suicidality, and that maladaptive coping strategies would strengthen this associat...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research