Positive Irrational Beliefs and Mental Health
This study examined the relationship between positive irrational beliefs, or positive illusions, and mental health. It attempted to address previous issues with inferential methods for assessing such beliefs by directly assessing positive irrational beliefs relating to the self, control, and optimism. The study included 1243 participants who completed the survey questionnaire. A two-step structural equation modeling framework was used to test associations between positive irrational beliefs and mental health constructs. This allowed for a componential analysis separating a higher order factor, likely representing positive ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Mediator Role of Negative Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies Between Interpersonal Problems and Borderline Personality Beliefs
AbstractInterpersonal difficulties and emotion regulation are the core characteristics of borderline personality disorders (BPD). However, how emotion regulation strategies contribute to the association between interpersonal problems and borderline personality symptomatology have not been highlighted within cognitive theory. The current study aims to examine the mediator role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies between interpersonal problems and borderline personality beliefs. The study consisted of 648 (381 women and 267 male) people from Turkey. In addition to Socio-Demographic Form, Cognitive Emotion Regulation Q...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effect of State and Trait Self-Critical Rumination on Acute Distress: An Exploratory Experimental Investigation
AbstractSelf-critical rumination is a process whereby individuals focus attention on past failures and inadequacies without consideration for improvement or problem-solving. Past research has demonstrated that self-critical rumination is a separate process from the experience of having intrusive self-critical thoughts and that engaging in self-critical rumination is strongly correlated with beliefs that it is uncontrollable or represents a weakness of character. What is less clear at this time, however, is the impact that self-critical rumination has on levels of distress when faced with failure. Thirty volunteers who were...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Management of Test Anxiety Among Pupils in Basic Science Using Music-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy Intervention: Implication for Community Development
AbstractEffectiveness of music-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) intervention has been established on various participants such as students in secondary schools, university students, and other categories of adults. However, there is a dearth of literature on the effectiveness of music-based CBT intervention program on the management of primary school pupils ’ test anxiety in basic science. Thus, this study sought the effectiveness of a music-based CBT intervention program on the management of test anxiety among pupils. A randomized controlled trial experimental design was adopted for the study using a sample of ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Factor Structure of the Revised Indecisiveness Scale and Association with Risks for and Symptoms of Anxiety, Depression, and Attentional Control
AbstractIndecisiveness is trait-like difficulty making decisions across time and situations. Past investigations indicate that indecisiveness is associated with Major Depressive Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and Obsessive –Compulsive Disorder as well as with neuroticism, Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU), and avoidance. The most used measure of indecisive is Frost and Shows’ (Behav Res Therapy, 1993. http://doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(93)90121-a) Indecisiveness Scale (IS), which has been revised to remove situation-s pecific indecision items. Research evaluating the original and revised IS (RIS) has found...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Anger, Frustration Intolerance, Global Evaluation of Human Worth and Externalizing Behaviors in Preadolescence
AbstractThe present study tries to offer a better understanding of transdiagnostic and specific correlates of externalizing problems in preadolescence. The first goal was to investigate which of the two categories of irrational beliefs (frustration intolerance and global evaluation of human worth) is more responsible for the manifestation of externalizing behaviors. The results claimed for dissociation in the cognitive profile of specific externalizing problems, frustration intolerance beliefs specifically predict unruly and disruptive behavior, and global evaluation of human worth specifically explained conduct disorder. ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How to Cope with Perfectionism? Perfectionism as a Risk Factor for Suicidality and the Role of Cognitive Coping in Adolescents
This study investigated the association between PS, CMD, and suicidality in a sample of 273 Dutch secondary school students aged between 12 and 15  years old (M  =  13.54,SD = 0.58, 55.8% males). We also examined whether adaptive, or maladaptive cognitive coping strategies influenced these associations. We hypothesized that students high in PS or CMD would experience an increased suicidality. Moreover, we expected that adaptive coping strategies would act as buffer between the association of perfectionism and suicidality, and that maladaptive coping strategies would strengthen this associat...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effect of Rational Digital Storytelling Intervention on Depression Among Adolescent-Athletes with Special Educational Needs
This study aimed to determine the effect of a rational digital storytelling intervention on depression among a sample of adolescent-athletes with special educational needs. Participants were sixty in-school adolescent-athletes with special educational needs (treatment group,n = 30, control group,n = 30) having moderate to severe depression. The treatment group participated in the rational digital storytelling intervention, over a twelve-week period whereas the control group was exposed to oral storytelling at precisely the same timeframe, with the meeting sessions holding 2 times weekly. The Bec...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Metacognition, Mindfulness Attention Awareness, and Their Relationships with Depression and Anxiety
AbstractThe current study aimed to test how metacognition relates to the concept of mindfulness attention awareness (MAA), whether metacognitions or MAA best predict symptoms of depression and anxiety, and whether there are significant differences between depression and anxiety levels due to metacognitions and MAA. Data were collected from a public sample through e-mails and social media platforms. The results showed that there was a moderate correlation between MAA and three of the five metacognitive subscales. Both MAA (r = 0.66) and metacognition (r = 0.64) were significantly correlated with ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Modelling Online Gaming Metacognitions: The Role of Time Spent Gaming in Predicting Problematic Internet Use
AbstractIn recent years there have been growing concerns about problematic Internet use (PIU) as potential mental health problem. Among the many activities available on the Internet, the time spent gaming appears one of the most frequent risk factors in developing PIU. The aim of the current study was to model the relationship between negative affect, metacognitions about online gaming, frequency of online gaming and PIU. A total of 326 Italian gamers (mean age  = 27 years,SD = 5.65 years; 93.3% males) participated in the study. The pattern of relationships specified by the theoretical...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Profiling Metacognition in Binge Eating Disorder
In this study we explored whether aspects of metacognition are relevant to the understanding of binge eating in patients with Binge Eating Disorder. We aimed to ascertain: (1) the presence of metacognitive beliefs about binge eating; (2) the goal of, and stop signal for, binge eating; and (3) the impact of binge eating on self-consciousness. Ten Binge Eating Disorder patients took part in the study and were assessed using the metacognitive profiling semi-structured interview. Results suggested that all patients endorsed both positive and negative metacognitive beliefs about binge eating. The goals of binge eating were stop...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Coping Matters Even with Math Performance Stress: Adolescents ’ Cognitive Coping with Math Performance Stress and Behavior Problems
AbstractPrevious research suggests performance stress and different subjective behavior problems among adolescents at school. However, there is evidence that cognitive coping is a strong tool for reflecting on and regulating internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Therefore, we investigated two assumptions: (1) Adolescents ’ subjective performance stress is positively related to different subjective behavior problems (e.g., impulsivity, conduct problems, and inattention). (2) Adolescents with a high tendency to cognitively cope with an exam in math and low levels of subjective performance stress report few...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Perfectionist? You Don ’t Need to Sleep: An interplay of Daytime Sleepiness and Task Performance
AbstractPrior studies show the relationship between perfectionism and insomnia, and the detrimental effects of insomnia on performance, job satisfaction, self-control, organizational citizenship behavior, and interpersonal deviance. In the present study, we hypothesize that perfectionism has a significant impact on task performance. However, the relationship between the two is riddled by daytime sleepiness. The indirect effect of perfectionism on performance through daytime sleepiness is contingent upon the perfectionism level of an individual. Empirical investigation of the hypothesized relationships was conducted on four...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Interpersonal Problem-Solving Measure for Elementary School Students: Development and Preliminary Evaluation in a Third Grade Student Sample
AbstractInterpersonal problem-solving ability takes an increasingly important role in the socialization process during childhood. This paper describes the development and preliminary evaluation of the interpersonal problem-solving inventory for elementary school students (IPSI). The IPSI is a process measure structured into five subscales: Positive problem-solving behavior; Negative problem-solving behavior; Rational problem-solving behavior; Impulsive behavior; and Avoidance behavior. The scale was administered to a Vietnamese elementary student sample that consists of 437 third grade students (M  = 8.67, SD...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Development of a Social Problem Solving Test for Elementary School Students
This study describes the development of a social problem solving test for elementary school students (SPSTE). The SPSTE scales are performance measures of social problem-solving competence that is based on a multidimensional theoretical model of social problem solving and utilized a combined cross-situational and cognitive-behavior-analytic approach. The scales measure the social cognitive-affective aspects, specific-problem defining skills, and basic problem-solving abilities that were used by children in their interpersonal relations in their own words. The SPSTE-A (form A for the 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade students) consis...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Awfulizing: Some Conceptual and Therapeutic Considerations
AbstractIn this paper, I will consider the concept of awfulizing, typically seen in REBT theory as a secondary irrational belief that is derived from the primary irrational belief, known as demandingness, or more colloquially as musturbation. I will look at how the concept of awfulizing has been defined in REBT and some of the objections to its use in therapy and beyond. If REBT therapists are going to target awfulizing beliefs for change then this needs to be done carefully and within the context of a good working alliance. I will outline some important considerations that therapists need to be aware of when working with ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How are Experiential Avoidance and Cognitive Fusion Associated with Alexithymia?
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between alexithymia, cognitive fusion and experiential avoidance. A total of 133 outpatient participants were included in this cross-sectional study. Sociodemographic Data Form, Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20, Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II, Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Ten-Item Personality Inventory were used. The non-alexithymic group consisted of 37 participants while the alexithymic group of 26. The alexithymic group had higher scores in terms of depression, anxiety, experiential avoidance, and cognitive fusion. Difficu...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Version of the O ’Kelly Women’s Beliefs Scale
AbstractIn recent years, there has been increasing interest in gender perspectives in research. In this regard, the study of gender beliefs represents a growing field which has received considerable attention due to their significant societal and psychological impact. One important challenge faced by Spanish rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT) clinicians is the dearth of instruments developed within an REBT framework to examine women ’s traditional gender beliefs. The O’Kelly women’s beliefs scale (OWBS) has been used in many countries during the last decade to measure such beliefs. However, cross-...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Procrastination, Affective State, Rumination, and Sleep Quality: Investigating Reciprocal Effects with Ambulatory Assessment
AbstractProcrastination is a prevalent problem among university students and associated with high long-term costs, but the short-term antecedents and consequences of procrastination are not well understood. Some related negative outcomes could be consequences as well as predictors of procrastination. The aim of the present study was to investigate possible reciprocal associations of affective, cognitive and health-related characteristics associated with procrastination on a momentary basis. Using ambulatory assessment, state procrastination, rumination, affective valence, and objective and subjective sleep quality were ass...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Defense Mechanisms, Dissociation, Alexithymia and Childhood Traumas in Chronic Migraine Patients
This study included 100 patients diagnosed with migraine-type headaches according to the International Pain Association criteria. Of these 100 patients, 66 (66%) had chronic migraine, 24 (24%) episodic migraine without aura and 10 (10%) episodic migraine with aura. In addition, a control group of 90 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects was also included in the study. All participants completed a Standardized Sociodemographic Data Collection Form, and were administered multiple scales including Beck Depression Inventory, Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Childhood Traumas Questionnaire, the Defensive Style Questionnaire and th...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Acceptance-Based Therapies and Asian Philosophical Traditions: Similarities and Differences in the Concept of Acceptance
AbstractMindfulness and acceptance-based psychotherapies have gained popularity in the last few decades as a “third wave” of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Acceptance is an important factor in all of these psychotherapies and stems from Asian philosophies, therefore similarities are necessarily seen between the psychotherapies themselves. This paper aims to demonstrate the ways in which acceptanc e-based psychotherapies converge by virtue of sharing the same philosophical root, as well as how they diverge in their applications of this concept. Specifically, this paper will examine similarities and dif...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Suicide Attempts in Turkish University Students: The Role of Cognitive Style, Hopelessness, Cognitive Reactivity, Rumination, Self-esteem, and Personality Traits
AbstractSuicide is one of the major public health problems in young adults. Detecting the risk factors and correlates among university students might help identify students who are under risk and who need early interventions for suicide prevention. The current study aimed to investigate the cognitive style, self-esteem, hopelessness, rumination, cognitive reactivity, and personality characteristics of Turkish university students, who previously attempted suicide and who did not. A total of 355 university students (34 previous suicide attempters) were recruited for this study, and they completed the Ten-Item Personality Inv...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effect of an Emotional Intelligence Training Program Developed for Prospective Psychological Counselors on Psychological Counseling Skill Levels
AbstractThe aim of this study was to test the efficacy of an emotional intelligence training program for prospective psychological counselors on psychological counseling skills. The study group for the research comprised 28 prospective psychological counselors attending the guidance and psychological counseling department of a state university who volunteered to participate in the study. The research used a semi-experimental pattern with pretest, posttest and control group. The 2  × 3 split-plot included the first factor with independent process groups of the experimental and control group (14 students ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Developing Self-determined Motivation and Performance with an Elite Athlete: Integrating Motivational Interviewing with Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
AbstractThe present case study puts forth the first idiographic application of a one to one Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT; Ellis in J Individ Psychol 13:38 –44,1957) intervention integrated with Motivational Interviewing (MI; Miller and Rollnick in Motivational interviewing: helping people change, Guilford Press, London, 2013) with a client (elite athlete) on irrational beliefs, self-determined motivation, and sporting performance. Building and maintaining a strong working alliance with a client is considered central to both MI and REBT, and psychological interventions generally. Whilst there are widespread...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Efficacy of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy on Academic Procrastination Behaviours Among Students Enrolled in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics Education (PCME)
This study assessed the efficacy of a CBT-based program in the reduction of undergraduate students ’ academic procrastination behaviors. Pre-test post-test randomized control trial experimental design was adopted by the researchers for the study. Sixty-four (64) physics, chemistry and mathematics education undergraduate students who were drawn through proportionate stratified random sampling te chnique constituted the sample for the study. The students were randomly assigned to experimental (34) and control (30) groups. Procrastination Assessment Scale for Students (PASS) Academic Procrastination Behavior Scale (APBS...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Factor Structure of the Attitudes and Beliefs Scale 2: Implications for Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
This study tested the factor structure of the Attitudes and Beliefs Scale-2, a measure of Ellis ’ irrational and rational beliefs. The scale includes items that assess both irrationality and rationality. Within this framework, items reflect one of four irrational cognitive processes and their rational alternatives, including demandingness versus preferences, frustration intolerance versus to lerance, awfulizing versus realistic negative evaluations, and self-condemnation versus self-acceptance, and one of three content domains including affiliation, achievement, and comfort. The sample of 1500 consisted of college st...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Development and Psychometric Properties of a New Measure of Irrational Thinking: The Scale of Irrational Contents and Styles-Basics (SICS-B)
AbstractAnalyze the psychometric properties of a new measure for the assessment of the irrational beliefs proposed by Ellis in his model of Rational-Emotive-Behavioral Therapy (REBT): theScale of Irrational Contents and Styles-Basics (SICS-B). TheSICS-B evaluates the “contents” of the three basic irrational beliefs (Ap: Approval, Pe: Perfectionism, and Co: Comfort) in relation to the four different “styles” (inferences or processes of thought) in which they can be expressed (DEM: Demandingness, AWF: Awfulizing, FI: Frustration Intolerance, and CON: Conde mnation). 259 respondents (79.5% women) under...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Predictive Influence of Irrational Beliefs on Self-esteem of University Students with Late Blindness
AbstractPoor self-esteem is a major threat to the well-being of individuals with late blindness. The influence of irrational beliefs on the self-esteem of Nigerian university students with late blindness was investigated in the present study. Data were collected from 363 university students with late blindness using Brailed versions of Adapted General Attitude and Belief Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Pearlin Mastery Scale. Data collected were analyzed using regression analysis. The results among others provided empirical support for general rational/irrational beliefs score as a significant predictor of students &...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Factorial Structure and Invariance Analysis of the BIS –BAS Scale, IPIP-R Version
In conclusion, evidence of the two correlated dimensions that support Gray’s theory of activation and inhibition systems independent of sex and age was obtained. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Moderating the Role of Self-Compassion in the Relationship Between Perfectionism and Depression
AbstractTo better understand the perfectionism-depression link, this study aimed to explore the moderating role of self-compassion in the relationship between perfectionism and depression. To gauge the impacts of self-compassion and perfectionism on depression, researchers assessed 210 depressed inpatients in four hospitals in Iran. The results of the Structural Equation Modelling showed thatpersonal standards perfectionism and self-compassion negatively predicted depression, andevaluative concerns perfectionism positively predicted depression. Results from a multi-group analysis suggested that self-compassion moderated th...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Positive Thinking is Not Adaptive Thinking: A Cognitive-Behavioral Take on Interpretation Bias Modification for Social Anxiety
AbstractInterpretation biases are a core feature of social anxiety. Used to automatically train positive interpretation biases, the existing versions of Cognitive Bias Modification for Interpretation (CBM-I) render mixed results. The current study presents the development and testing of a one-session novel adaptation of CBM-I for social anxiety that provides an adaptive instead of a positive meaning to socially loaded situations. Informed by Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy and latest theoretical upgrades, we argue that biases exist on a continuum from adaptive to maladaptive and defining them by valence may fuel unrealis...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Maultsby ’s Rational Behavior Therapy: Background, Description, Practical Applications, and Recent Developments
We describe RBT’s valuable concepts and effective techniques in such a way that readers ma y readily start using them to complement and enhance any other form of cognitive behavior therapy. An article comparing RBT with REBT and CBT will follow. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Gender Differences in the Organizational Structure of the Rational/Irrational Beliefs in Depressive Symptoms
AbstractWe conduct a cross-sectional study to examine gender differences in the organizational structure of irrational/rational beliefs in the symptoms of depression in a sample of undergraduate students (N  =  476). The findings suggest that the psychological distress and health models of REBT are valid for both genders. The demandingness, as the primary irrational belief process, indirectly predicts depressive symptoms through the secondary irrational belief process (awfulizing) for both males and fem ales. However, there are some gender differences. Frustration intolerance has a unique contribution to the ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Rational Emotive Family Health Therapy for Reducing Parenting Stress in Families of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Group Randomized Control Study
AbstractStudies have shown that parents of children with autism spectrum disorders experience stress in parenting their children (e.g. Anyanwu et al. in Glob J Health Sci 11(8):51 –60, 2019; Ayers in Self-care: why parents of children with disabilities must nurture themselves, 2012.http://www.disaboom.com/childrewithdisabilities; Bonis in Issues Mental Health Nurs 37:153 –163, 2016). The current study examined the effect of rational emotive family health therapy (REFHT) on parenting stress in families of children with autism spectrum disorders. A total of 128 participants allocated randomly to the intervention ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Turkish Translation of a Measure of Irrational and Rational Beliefs: Reliability, Validity Studies and Confirmation of the Four Cognitive Processes Model
This study adapted the Attitudes and Belief Scale-2 (ABS-2) into Turkish and investigated its factor structure, criterion-related validity, and psychometric properties. The ABS-2 assesses REBT ’s irrational and rational beliefs. Each item reflects one of the four cognitive processes thought identified the theory to reflect irrationality or rationality. These include demandingness versus preferences, awfulizing versus realistic negative evaluations, frustration intolerance versus toleran ce, and self-condemnation versus self-acceptance. Each item reflects one of three content areas of achievement, affiliation, or comf...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Targeting Trauma-Related Beliefs in PTSD with Behavioral Experiments: Illustrative Case Study
AbstractCognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) with traditional written thought records is an effective treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A potential barrier to targeting trauma-related beliefs with traditional thought records is that typically the resulting behavioral avoidance from the trauma-related belief limits the experiences (i.e., evidence) which are available to draw from when evaluating a thought —there can be an absence of discrepant experiences due to avoidance. Another major approach to cognitive restructuring in the cognitive and behavioral therapies is through behavioral experiments (BE) ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Academic Procrastination, School Attachment, and Life Satisfaction: A Mediation Model
AbstractThe aim of the current study was to investigate the associations between school attachment, academic procrastination and life satisfaction and the mediating effect of academic procrastination. The mediation model was tested with 324 adolescents [173(53.4%) female, 151(46.6%) male,Mage = 17.07,SD = 2.28]. School Attachment Scale, Academic Procrastination Scale, and Satisfaction with Life Scale were filled out. The results indicated that there were significant associations among school attachment, academic procrastination, and life satisfaction. Mediation analysis revealed that academic pr...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How to Optimise Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) for People with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD): A Delphi Study
AbstractChildren and adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) can benefit from cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), yet the prevailing opinion is that this  requires adaptations to accommodate commonly experienced socio-communication and neuropsychological impairments. There are, however, no empirically-derived guidelines about how best to adapt standard practice. In a three round Delphi survey, we asked expert clinicians and clinical-researchers, bas ed in England, about how to optimise the design, delivery and evaluation of CBT for people with ASD. Of 50 people approached, 18 consented to take part in Round 1, nine...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - December 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of SPACE Model of Cognitive Behavioral Coaching in Management of Occupational Stress in a Sample of School Administrators in South-East Nigeria
AbstractStress symptoms have been found to be highly prevalent among school administrators in Nigeria. Management of occupational stress constitutes a major challenge facing school administrators who are in secondary schools in Nigeria. The present study sought to validate the effectiveness of group SPACE model training in reducing occupational stress among secondary school administrators in south-east, Nigeria. The study employed a group randomized wait-list control trial design with pre-test, post-test and follow-up assessments. A total of 65 participants constituted the study sample. Participants were randomly assigned ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Concepts of Metacognition in the Treatment of Patients with Mental Disorders
AbstractWhile metacognitive interventions are gaining attention in the treatment of various mental disorders, a review of the literature showed that the term is often defined poorly and used for a variety of psychotherapeutic approaches that do not necessarily pursue the same goal. We give a summary of three metacognitive interventions which were developed within a sound theoretical framework —metacognitive therapy, metacognitive training, and metacognitively-oriented integrative psychotherapies—and discuss their similarities and distinctive features. We then offer an integrative operational definition of metac...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Affective and Cognitive Correlates of the Frequency of Using the Verb “to be”: An Empirical Test of E-Prime Theory
This study provides first evidence in favor of E-Prime’s assumption that a less frequent use of the verb “to be” can lead to a less rigid and non-judgmental style of thinking. The elimination of the verb “to be” from speech may prevent dogmatic or rigid thinking, thus stimulat ing flexibility, and in turn determine the increase of rational beliefs levels, especially the levels of preference beliefs. Possible clinical and scientific implications are discussed. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Interconnections Among Perceived Stress, Social Problem Solving, and Gastrointestinal Symptom Severity
AbstractMaladaptive social problem-solving (SPS) plays a significant mediating role in the negative impact of stressful life events on wellbeing. With a basis in D ’Zurilla and Nezu’s (Problem-solving therapies, 2nd ed., The Guilford Press, New York, pp. 211–245,2001) relational/problem-solving model of stress and wellbeing, we examined interrelations amongst stress, SPS, and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and tested several mediational models: maladaptive forms of SPS as mediators of the relationship between stress and GI symptoms, and stress as a mediator of maladaptive forms of SPS and GI symptoms. Und...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How Can Stoic Philosophy Inspire Psychosocial Genetic Counseling Practice? An Introduction and Exploration
AbstractStoicism is an ancient philosophical tradition with the goal of teaching individuals how to live virtuously and attain tranquility. Stoicism was built upon the concept of fate and the limits of an individual ’s power to change their fate (i.e. external circumstances). Many Stoic practices aim to remind oneself of the limits of their power and to shift one’s attention and concern to phenomena in which they have control. The goal is to cultivate a rational, healthy internal locus of control. There is minimal exploration of philosophical traditions in the genetic counseling literature, and Stoic practices ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Albert Ellis and Mindfulness-Based Therapy: Revisiting the Master ’s Words a Decade Later
AbstractDr. Albert Ellis, father of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), authored a response to mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), an emerging mindfulness-based therapy, in 2006. Since, practice and research on mindfulness has emerged with much attention being given to mindfulness-based therapies at large. By revisiting Ellis ’s words and insights through the lens of the last decade of research, this article aims to uncover core similarities and differences between REBT and MBSR. Such themes of philosophical underpinnings, acceptance, and homework link these approaches, while present moment attention, co...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effect of Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy on Depressive Symptoms in a Sample of College Adolescents in Nigeria
This study examined the effects of group cognitive behavioural therapy on depressive symptoms in a sample of college adolescents. We employed a randomized controlled trial design with 162 college adolescents in Southeastern region of Nigeria. One screening tool was used to ascertain the severity of depressive symptoms among the study participants at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and follow-up evaluations. In order to analyze the data collected, repeated measures analysis of variance andt test statistics were employed. Effect size of the intervention was determined using partial eta squared. The findings of the experiment ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Confirmatory Factory Analysis of the Academic Rational Beliefs Scale for Students attending Minority-Serving Institutions
AbstractThe academic rational beliefs scale (ARBS) was developed to assess college students ’ thoughts that impact educational success. This instrument has the potential to support students’ pursuits of academic achievement, but it should be normed on more diverse populations to support ethical and effective use of the instrument. As such, the researchers administered the ARBS to a div erse sample of students at a minority-serving institution (MSI) in the United States and conducted confirmatory factor analyses to verify the factor structure. The factor structure of the original ARBS did not adequately fit the ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Development and Psychometric Properties of a Social Problem Solving Test for Adolescents
This study examined the psychometric properties of the social problem solving test (SPST) using two samples of Vietnamese high school students: 247 regular students (referred to as normal students) and 168 “disruptive” students who had been diagnosed as having behavioral problems. The SPST is a performance measure of interpersonal problem-solving competence in adolescents. The SPST consists of 24 interpersonal problematic situations, set in two parts, 12 stories in SPST-A (stories-a) and 12 storie s in SPST-B (stories-b). The SPST-A was structured into five subscales that were designed to assess the five compon...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Validation of the Italian Version of the Cognitive Distortion Scale as a Measure of Cognitive Bias in a Non-clinical Sample
AbstractThe Cognitive Distortions Scale is a reliable scale assessing cognitive distortions as defined by Beck and Burns. The present study tested the psychometric properties (i.e., internal consistency, factor structure, homogeneity, concurrent, convergent, and discriminant validity) of the Italian version of the CDS in a non-clinical sample. One-hundred subjects, aged between 18 and 64  years, were recruited from the general population of Florence (Italy) and assessed via the Symptom Rating Test, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI—form Y), the Anxiety Sensitivity Index 3, the Personal Need for Structure, ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How to Differentiate Generalized Anxiety Disorder from Worry: The Role of Cognitive Strategies
AbstractThe aim of the current study was to compare adults with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), high worriers and healthy control adults in terms of cognitive variables. A total of 125 participants, including 32 people with GAD, 43 high worriers and 50 healthy control people, completed questionnaires assessing cognitive avoidance strategies, adaptive and maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies and cognitive fusion. We found that people with GAD and high worriers scored significantly higher on self-blame, rumination, catastrophizing, blaming others, and avoidance of threatening stimuli. They also scored sign...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Distinctive Associations of Interpersonal Problems with Personality Beliefs Within the Framework of Cognitive Theory of Personality Disorders
AbstractThe aim of this study was to explore the relationship between interpersonal problems and dysfunctional beliefs associated with personality disorders, within the framework of cognitive theory of personality disorders. Based on the proposition of cognitive theory, different dimensions of interpersonal problems which were assessed through the coordinates of interpersonal circumplex model were expected to be associated with specific categories of personality beliefs namely, deprecating, inflated, and ambivalent personality beliefs. Participants were 997 volunteer adults (304 males and 693 females) from Turkey, between ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research