Our Memories of Maxie C. Maultsby Jr. 1932 –2016
This article is the first in a series about RBT and its founder. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - December 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

An Investigation of Sequencing Effects in Combining Cognitive Questioning and Mindful Acceptance
AbstractCognitive-behavioral treatments assume that the mechanisms of change depend on the assessment and questioning of biased beliefs. In contrast, recent developments have emphasized mindful acceptance interventions, in which clients allow thoughts to come and go without questioning them. In order to discuss therapeutic efficacy difference in emotional disorders, we explored the possible normalizing effects of cognitive questioning and mindful acceptance on sympathetic reactivity aroused by recall tasks. We compared the effects of different sequencing of cognitive questioning and mindful acceptance on emotional distress...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - December 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Early Maladaptive Schemas and Cognitive-Behavioral Aspect of Anger: Schema Model Perspective
This study examined the relationships between early maladaptive schemas (EMSs), anger, and aggression among 86 adult individuals in Anger therapy group (n  = 24), Control group (n = 29) and Outpatients group (n = 33). The results indicated that the mistrust/abuse schema among five schemas in disconnection/rejection domain, and the entitlement/grandiosity schema among two schemas in impaired limits domain were the strongest predictors of an ger and aggression. The next schemas that were associated or predicted anger and aggression and might be considered in therapy are insufficient ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

When is Unconditional Self-Acceptance a Better Predictor of Mental Health than Self-Esteem?
This study aimed to compare USA and SE as predictors of mental health when positive and negative affectivity traits are included in the same model. Indicators of mental health were subjective well-being, a state of positive and negative affect, and state of anxiety and depression. The sample consisted of 268 university students. The following instruments were used: Big five plus two (Smederevac et al. in Velikih pet plus dva: Primena i nterpretacija [Big Five Plus Two: Manual for administration and interpretation], Centar za primenjenu psihologiju, Beograd,2010), Unconditional Self-Acceptance Questionnaire (Chamberlain and...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Clinical Strategy to Strengthen the Connection Between Cognition, Emotion, and Behavior: From Philosophical Principles to Psychotherapy Practice
AbstractHelping clients gain insight into the ways in which their thinking influences the expression of emotional distress and maladaptive behavior is an important goal of CBT-based psychotherapies. However, efforts to establish this insight into the connection between dysfunctional beliefs and the consequences of having them (i.e., B –C connection) are often met with resistance. To address this issue in practice, therapists can draw upon certain existential principles underpinning CBT theory. More specifically, practitioners can use the concepts of existential freedom and responsibility, contained in the rational-hu...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Role of the Belief System for Anger Management of Couples with Anger and Aggression: A Cognitive-Behavioral Perspective
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to understand the role of the belief system in cognitive-behavioral anger management therapy for couples. Severe anger and aggression causes discomfort that may disturb the marital and interpersonal relationship, and overall functioning of the individual. Participants of the study were 14 couples who were referred for treatment of anger and aggression. The results of univariate test of within-subjects indicate low to moderate effect size of cognitive behavioral intervention for the total score of four measures as well as the subscales. Cognitive-behavioral couple therapy was effecti...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Development and Validation of the Thai-Translated Irrational Performance Beliefs Inventory (T-iPBI)
AbstractOne of the most commonly employed cognitive-behavioural approaches to psychotherapy is rational-emotive behaviour therapy, but researchers have been troubled by some of the limitations of irrational beliefs psychometrics. As a result, Turner et al. (Eur J Psychol Assess 34:174 –180,2018a.https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000314) developed the Irrational Performance Beliefs Inventory (iPBI), a novel measure of irrational beliefs for use within performance domains. However, the linguistic and cross-cultural adaptation of the iPBI into other languages is necessary for its multinational and multicultural use. Th...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Fear of Negative Evaluation and Communication Apprehension: The Moderating Role of Communicative Competence and Extraversion Personality Trait in Pakistani Academia
This study examines the moderating role of communicative competence and extraversion personality traits on the relationship between fear of negative evaluation and communication apprehension in Pakistani academics teaching in their second (English) language. One hundred and twenty academics (aged 25 –60) completed a demographic information sheet, the Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Questionnaire (BFNE-11) (Leary in Pers Soc Psychol Bull 9:371–376,1983), the Personal Report of Communication Apprehension (PRCA-24) (McCroskey in An introduction to rhetorical communication, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs,1982), ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Protective Role of Rational Beliefs on the Relationship Between Irrational Beliefs, Emotional States of Stress, Depression and Anxiety
Abstract The current study focuses on the protective role of rational beliefs in the relationship between irrational beliefs and negative emotional states (stress, depression and anxiety) in a sample of Turkish undergraduate students (N  = 440). The findings suggest that irrational beliefs, especially the need for achievement, the need for approval, and the need for comfort, are important predictors of negative emotional states (stress, depression, and anxiety). The findings also provide additional evidence for the protective r ole of rational beliefs. Findings suggest that rational beliefs have a moderator...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Savoring as Mediator Between Irrational Beliefs, Depression, and Joy
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between irrational beliefs, as described in Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, savoring, depression and joy. Data were collected from a sample of 276 individuals. Participants filled in online the following questionnaires: ABS-2, DASS-21, SBI and DPES. Of the four irrational beliefs (i.e., demandingness, awfulizing, frustration intolerance, and self/other downing), self/other downing explained the highest variance of savoring. Mediation analyses revealed that savoring was a mediator in the relation between self/other downing and depression, as well as in the relation between...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Protective Role of Rational Beliefs on the Relationship Between Irrational Beliefs, Emotional States of Stress, Depression and Anxiety
Abstract The current study focuses on the protective role of rational beliefs in the relationship between irrational beliefs and negative emotional states (stress, depression and anxiety) in a sample of Turkish undergraduate students (N  = 440). The findings suggest that irrational beliefs, especially the need for achievement, the need for approval, and the need for comfort, are important predictors of negative emotional states (stress, depression, and anxiety). The findings also provide additional evidence for the protective r ole of rational beliefs. Findings suggest that rational beliefs have a moderator...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Savoring as Mediator Between Irrational Beliefs, Depression, and Joy
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between irrational beliefs, as described in Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, savoring, depression and joy. Data were collected from a sample of 276 individuals. Participants filled in online the following questionnaires: ABS-2, DASS-21, SBI and DPES. Of the four irrational beliefs (i.e., demandingness, awfulizing, frustration intolerance, and self/other downing), self/other downing explained the highest variance of savoring. Mediation analyses revealed that savoring was a mediator in the relation between self/other downing and depression, as well as in the relation between...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in the Cross-Cultural Context: An Extension of the Standard Paradigm from Individual to Country/Culture Level —A Brief Introduction into a New Research Line
AbstractCognitive-behavioral therapy is the golden standard for personalized evidence-based psychological interventions. The standard unit of analysis in CBT is the individual and/or small groups (e.g., couples, families, organizations). In a seminal book, Beck (Prisoners of Hate: The cognitive basis of anger, hostility, and violence, Harper Collins, New York,2000) argued that the standard CBT paradigm should be extended to approach large societal problems (e.g., terrorism/violence). However, in this extension, most of the time, the unit of analysis is still the individual, but immersed in larger societal networks. In this...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Manager as Coach: Cross-Cultural Adaptation of an Instrument Assessing Managers ’ Coaching Skills
AbstractWhile coaching has been conceived as a new managerial strategy and effective leadership initiative in organizations, the concept of ‘manager as coach’ has gained considerably popularity. In this context, the interest for reliable and valid tools to assess managers’ coaching skills increased among practitioners and organizations. This paper provides additional analyses of an instrument assessing managers’ coaching skills in business settings and examines a theoretical model in identifying manager coaching skills from two informational sources, namely self-report and other-report. This work do...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in the Cross-Cultural Context: An Extension of the Standard Paradigm from Individual to Country/Culture Level —A Brief Introduction into a New Research Line
AbstractCognitive-behavioral therapy is the golden standard for personalized evidence-based psychological interventions. The standard unit of analysis in CBT is the individual and/or small groups (e.g., couples, families, organizations). In a seminal book, Beck (Prisoners of Hate: The cognitive basis of anger, hostility, and violence, Harper Collins, New York,2000) argued that the standard CBT paradigm should be extended to approach large societal problems (e.g., terrorism/violence). However, in this extension, most of the time, the unit of analysis is still the individual, but immersed in larger societal networks. In this...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Manager as Coach: Cross-Cultural Adaptation of an Instrument Assessing Managers ’ Coaching Skills
AbstractWhile coaching has been conceived as a new managerial strategy and effective leadership initiative in organizations, the concept of ‘manager as coach’ has gained considerably popularity. In this context, the interest for reliable and valid tools to assess managers’ coaching skills increased among practitioners and organizations. This paper provides additional analyses of an instrument assessing managers’ coaching skills in business settings and examines a theoretical model in identifying manager coaching skills from two informational sources, namely self-report and other-report. This work do...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Empirical Investigation of the Relationships Between Irrationality, Self-Acceptance, and Dispositional Forgiveness
AbstractMilburn (J Ration Emot Cogn Behav Ther 33:325 –340,2015) recently suggested a theoretical link between REBT and forgiving, proposing that irrational beliefs, particularly demandingness and global evaluations of human worth, play a role in lack of forgiveness. The present study investigated a quantitative link between the concepts of irrationality, self-acceptance, and dispositional forgiveness. Four-hundred and thirty-three participants (70% female) participated in a 69-item online survey combining four previously validated scales: Shortened General Attitude and Belief Scale; Heartland Forgiveness Scale; Unco...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric Qualities of Turkish Version of Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ)
AbstractRepetitive negative thinking (RNT) is an umbrella term that refers to an individual ’s tendency to have negative thoughts in an uncontrollable and repetitive manner regardless of their content and temporal focus. RNT is suggested to be a transdiagnostic factor that may be associated with vulnerability for many different psychological disorders. The aim of the present study is to examine the psychometric qualities of Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ), which is a scale that assesses non-disorder-specific form of RNT. The data was gathered from 446 Turkish individuals between the ages of 18 and 58 ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Acceptance –Commitment Therapy on Craving Beliefs in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Therapy: A Pilot Study
AbstractThe present study is designed to evaluate the efficacy of acceptance –commitment therapy (ACT) on craving beliefs in opioid dependent patients on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Twenty-eight opioid dependent participants, aged 18–50 years, who were on MMT based on Iran’s Ministry of Health and Medical Education published protocol, were evaluated in Mash had during 2011–2012. The treatment group comprised fourteen participants, who received eight sessions of individual ACT alongside MMT while fourteen participants of the control group received just MMT. The effectiveness of the in...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effect of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy on Irrational Career Beliefs of Students of Electrical Electronics and Other Engineering Trades in Technical Colleges in Nigeria
AbstractIrrational beliefs are factors that can explain students ’ emotional and/or pragmatic problems. Irrational career beliefs are career myths, maladaptive cognitions and inaccurate beliefs regarding career and the work world which impact negatively on career decision-making. The present research investigated the effectiveness of rational emotive behavior t herapy (REBT) on irrational career beliefs of students of electrical electronics, automobile trade, building/woodwork and mechanical trades in technical colleges in Nigeria. Using a pretest–posttest control group, 173 participants were assessed quantitat...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS). A Psychometric Study of the Italian Version
AbstractThe Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS, Harrington2005a) was developed as a multidimensional measure of frustration intolerance. Frustration intolerance plays an important role in behavioral and cognitive model of emotional problems (Harrington2006). The aim of this study is to translate the original English version of FDS into Italian and to assess the validity and reliability of the Italian version for application among Italian population. The Italian version of FDS-R, with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were administered on-line to 497 subjects aged from 18 to 66  years old. The exploratory factor...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psycho-Educational Group Intervention Based on Reality Therapy to Cope with Academic Procrastination
This study explored the efficacy of a psycho-educational group intervention based on reality therapy for treating youth with academic procrastination. The participants consisted of undergraduates from a state university located in the Eastern Black Sea Region in Turkey. A 10-session training program based on reality therapy was implemented with the experimental group, and a no treatment control group served as the comparison. Pre-test, post-test, and follow-up measure for the experimental and control groups were analyzed used in the research. Two-way analysis of variance split plot design. The findings showed that the trai...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

CBT Delivered in a Specialized Depression Clinic for College Students with Depressive Symptoms
This study utilized a novel recruitment strategy and examined the efficacy of CBT provided by specialists in a depression clinical research center. We conducted depression screenings at four universities in the Boston area. 30 college students (ages 18 –24 between 2009 and 2013) who were experiencing symptoms of depression and/or suicidal ideation were offered 12-weeks of a flexible manualized form of CBT. CBT resulted in a significant reduction in depression, anxiety, suicidality, and some forms of negative cognition. CBT was effective for redu cing depression and related symptoms, including suicidality. Larger-scal...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Aversive Indecisiveness Predicts Risks for and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression Over Avoidant Indecisiveness
AbstractIndecisiveness is defined as a maladaptive trait resulting in difficulty making decisions across time and situations. Indecisiveness is positively correlated with measures of anxiety, worry, and depression and has been listed as a symptom of Major Depressive Disorder for decades. Indecisiveness is also a distinguishing cognitive process associated with other disorders, such as Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive –Compulsive Disorder, and Hoarding Disorder. Recently, indecisiveness has been found to be represented by two distinct dimensions, labeled aversive and avoidant indecisiveness. Aversive indecisive...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Contribution to Validation of the Short Schema Mode Inventory in an Italian Clinical Versus Non-clinical Population
AbstractSchema therapy (ST) has been proven to be an effective psychotherapy model in the treatment of complex personality disorders. ST helps analyze causes of emotional, cognitive, and behavioral alteration in patients using schemas and modes (i.e., sets of emotional states, coping responses and schemas active in a given moment). ST finds its empirical validation in the short Schema Mode Inventory (SMI), a practical tool consisting of 14 subscales assessing 14 different mode categories, grouped in 4 (child, coping, parent and adult modes) high-order categories used to assess different modes at different times. We introdu...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Depressogenic Attributional Style and Depressive Symptoms in Chinese University Students: The Role of Rumination and Distraction
The objective of the current study was to test the hypothesis that rumination and distraction mediate the relationship between depressogenic attributional style and depressive symptoms. 1017 university students recruited from two universities (90.0% Han and 10.0% ethnic minority) in China, completed questionnaires that measured depressogenic attributional style (Cognitive Style Questionnaire), depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale) and rumination and distraction (Response Styles Questionnaire). Direct effects and the mediation model were evaluated via both linear regression analyses and Sob...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Towards a Cognitive-Behavioral Understanding of Assertiveness: Effects of Cognition and Distress on Different Expressions of Assertive Behavior
AbstractAssertiveness, as the ability to adequately express oneself while maintaining social gains, can be applied to various social contexts and concomitant social demands, but the cognitive and emotional correlates underlying assertive behaviour in diverse social events has not been considered. We tested a cognitive-behavioral framework for understanding the self-reported enactment of diverse types of assertive behaviours (i.e., displaying negative and positive feelings, expressing and managing personal limitations, and taking initiative), using a sample of 679 adolescents (mean age  = 16.68, 261 boys) and ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

An Emotional Skills Intervention for Elementary Children with Autism in China: A Pilot Study
AbstractThe purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effects of an emotional skills intervention on behavioral and emotional competence, as well as on communication for children with autism in China. Eight children (seven boys and one girl), aged 7 to 8, participated in this study. We used a pre and posttest group design. The intervention consisted of 10 group sessions and four individual sessions. Each group session had two or three children. The intervention curriculum consisted of emotion recognition, emotion recognition within context, self-expression of emotions, seeking help when encountering problems, and tech...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effect of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Program on Depressive Symptoms Among University Students with Blindness in Nigeria
The objective of this study was to examine the efficacy of group-based rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) intervention on depressive symptoms among selected university students with blindness in Nigeria. To assess the efficacy, a group randomized controlled trial design was employed. Participants (N  = 65) recruited from universities in Southeast zone of Nigeria were randomly assigned to treatment (n = 33) and no-intervention control groups (n = 32) after meeting the study inclusionary criteria. REBT Depression Manual was used for the delivery of the intervention while depres...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Influence of Depressive Symptoms on Pain Catastrophizing in Healthy Young Adults: The Role of Sadness, Self-criticalness and Pessimism
This study aimed to investigate whether depressive symptoms influence pain catastrophizing and its components, on the basis of (day-to-day) pain types recalled in a healthy sample. Two hundred and twenty-three university students (54.7% female) from Near East University were included (mean age 21.52). In this cross-sectional survey study, participants were asked to complete a Beck Depression Inventory for Primary Care and Pain Catastrophizing Scale. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were performed to determine which of the depressive symptoms affected rumination, magnification and helplessness and overall pain cata...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Logical Foundation for Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy
AbstractRational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) depends on the implications A  ⊃ B and B ⊃ C where A is an activating event, B is a belief and C is an emotional consequence. We use this idea to present a logical theory for REBT, and show how it can be used to create a computer program that can be used as a therapist’s aid. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Historical and Theoretical Review of Cognitive Behavioral Therapies: From Structural Self-Knowledge to Functional Processes
AbstractThis paper critically examines the historical conceptualization of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy approaches (CBT) as a direct clinical counterpart of the cognitive revolution. The main “second wave” cognitive psychotherapies, either standard cognitive therapy (CT) or constructivist, in spite of their differences, share a common conceptualization of psychopathological factors as superordinate structural cognitive content belonging to the self: self-beliefs, self-schemata, perso nality organizations and so on. On the other hand, rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) is an exception given that in R...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Disputing Irrational Beliefs Among Convicted Terrorists and Extremist Beliefs
This study investigated the most common irrational beliefs among samples of: (1) convicted terrorists and (2) extremists, all of whom were prisoners in the country of Jordan. It also investigated the effectiveness of a program of disputing irrational beliefs (DIBP) with the same populations. The subjects were assigned randomly to two groups: an experimental group (EG) that consisted of 43 prisoners who received an training program, and a control group that consisted of 48 prisoners who received no training. The irrational beliefs scale (IBS) scores were assessed for both groups before and after exposure to the DIBP. To tes...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Clarifying a Construct: An Integrative Functional Model of Reassurance-Seeking Behaviors
AbstractReassurance seeking (RS) has emerged as an important transdiagnostic psychological construct. However, RS has been conceptualized inconsistently and applied to functionally disparate behaviors within research and practice. In order to clarify the construct, the presently proposed Integrative Functional Model of Reassurance Seeking (IFM-RS) operationalizes and categorizes RS behaviors according to their functions. The following three categories comprise the model: Avoidant (negatively reinforced) RS, Evocative (positively reinforced) RS, and Bifunctional (simultaneously reinforced) RS. To evidence the validity and u...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mental Illness: Fact or Myth? Revisiting the Debate Between Albert Ellis and Thomas Szasz
AbstractAlthough it is widely accepted that mental illnesses affect millions of people worldwide, there is still disagreement among scholars about the facts of mental illness. The orthodox position is that mental illness is a fact; critics argue that it is a myth. Thomas Szasz was perhaps the most influential critic of mental illness while Albert Ellis was one of the most influential psychotherapists of the twentieth century. Yet, they disagreed about the facts of mental illness. Ellis argued that mental illness is a fact; Szasz argued that mental illness is a metaphor that we have mistaken for a fact. Both men were practi...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Interactive Effects of Looming Cognitive Style and Maladaptive Perfectionism on Trait Anxiety
AbstractPerfectionism is suggested as a transdiagnostic factor, related to development and maintenance of many psychological disorders. Looming Cognitive Style (LCS), on the other hand, is unique to anxiety disorders, acting as a specific a cognitive vulnerability for anxiety disorders. The present study aims to assess the association of anxiety with two cognitive vulnerability factors, LCS and maladaptive perfectionism. It was hypothesized that maladaptive perfectionism will have moderator role in the relationship between LCS and anxiety. A similar relationship is not expected for depression. Data were collected from 326 ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Symptom Attributions Across the Menstrual Cycle in Women with Panic Disorder
This study examines the attributions women make about the somatic and affective symptoms they experience during the menstrual cycle. Using a 30-day prospective design, women with and without panic disorder monitored physical and affective symptoms. Participants reported on severity of various symptoms and a primary cause for each symptom (menstrual cycle-related, panic/anxiety related, stress-related, health-related). Women with panic disorder reported more panic attacks during the premenstrual phase compared to other cycle phases. They also reported more severe affective and panic symptoms during the premenstrual phase co...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Acceptance –Commitment Therapy on Craving Beliefs in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Therapy: A Pilot Study
AbstractThe present study is designed to evaluate the efficacy of acceptance –commitment therapy (ACT) on craving beliefs in opioid dependent patients on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Twenty-eight opioid dependent participants, aged 18–50 years, who were on MMT based on Iran’s Ministry of Health and Medical Education published protocol, were evaluated in Mash had during 2011–2012. The treatment group comprised fourteen participants, who received eight sessions of individual ACT alongside MMT while fourteen participants of the control group received just MMT. The effectiveness of the in...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS). A Psychometric Study of the Italian Version
AbstractThe Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS, Harrington2005a) was developed as a multidimensional measure of frustration intolerance. Frustration intolerance plays an important role in behavioral and cognitive model of emotional problems (Harrington2006). The aim of this study is to translate the original English version of FDS into Italian and to assess the validity and reliability of the Italian version for application among Italian population. The Italian version of FDS-R, with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were administered on-line to 497 subjects aged from 18 to 66  years old. The exploratory factor...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric Qualities of Turkish Version of Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ)
AbstractRepetitive negative thinking (RNT) is an umbrella term that refers to an individual ’s tendency to have negative thoughts in an uncontrollable and repetitive manner regardless of their content and temporal focus. RNT is suggested to be a transdiagnostic factor that may be associated with vulnerability for many different psychological disorders. The aim of the present study is to examine the psychometric qualities of Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ), which is a scale that assesses non-disorder-specific form of RNT. The data was gathered from 446 Turkish individuals between the ages of 18 and 58 ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Empirical Investigation of the Relationships Between Irrationality, Self-Acceptance, and Dispositional Forgiveness
AbstractMilburn (J Ration Emot Cogn Behav Ther 33:325 –340,2015) recently suggested a theoretical link between REBT and forgiving, proposing that irrational beliefs, particularly demandingness and global evaluations of human worth, play a role in lack of forgiveness. The present study investigated a quantitative link between the concepts of irrationality, self-acceptance, and dispositional forgiveness. Four-hundred and thirty-three participants (70% female) participated in a 69-item online survey combining four previously validated scales: Shortened General Attitude and Belief Scale; Heartland Forgiveness Scale; Unco...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - December 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research