Correlation of Alexithymia with Grief and Depression Symptom Severity in Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder
This study aimed to compare the depression and grief levels between patients with persistent complex bereavement disorder who have alexithymia and those who do not have alexithymia. This study also aimed to examine the correlations between these variables. A total of 80 patients with persistent complex bereavement disorders were included and divided into two groups: alexithymia (n  = 45) and nonalexithymia (n = 35). Each patient was evaluated using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, the Inventory of Complicated Grief and the Beck Depression Inventory. Individuals with alexithymia who have symptoms o...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Development of a Short Form of an Irrational/Rational Beliefs Scale
This study developed a short form of the Attitudes and Beliefs Scale-2 (ABS-2), a measure of Ellis ’s irrational and rational beliefs. We compared the short form (ABS2-SF) to the longer original scale with 2096 participants, including clinical outpatients, American and Romanian college students, and drug/alcohol rehab residents. The ABS-SF correlated highly with the Original ABS-2. Confirmatory Factor Analyses yielded an excellent fit for an eight-factor bifactor model with factors for the irrational and rational cognitive processes and a general factor. The resulting subscales had excellent internal reliability. The...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reducing Negative Value System in Students: The Impacts of Rational Emotive Behavioural Education
AbstractStudies have shown that unvalued life and moral decadence among Nigerian students have reached an unbearable level (e.g. Adebisi in Adv Soc Sci Res J 5(2):190 –199, 2018). Hence, this study was undertaken to find out if and how REBE can impact on negative value system among students. A total of 146 participants allocated randomly to the intervention group and the no-contact control group served as participants in this study. A 12-week REBE-programme tha t focused on reducing the negative value system was delivered to the intervention group by the therapists. Data analyses were completed using repeated-measure...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effect of Rational Emotive Career Coaching on Dysfunctional Career Beliefs in Recent University Graduates
AbstractThe main objective of the study was to determine the effect of rational emotive career coaching on dysfunctional career beliefs in recent university graduates. The research design for the study was a group-randomized trial. The participants of this study were 176 recent university graduates in Enugu State, Nigeria. The instrument titled “Dysfunctional Career Beliefs Scale” was used for data collection. Experts in educational psychology, guidance and counselling and measurement and evaluation at a Federal University in Nigeria validated the instrument. Also, the researchers performed content, construct&n...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy for Dysfunctional Anger: A Case Study
AbstractAnger and related problems are common conditions in everyday life. Anger is often experienced as a feeling that leads to disruptive consequences. Often, anger can be seen among young people, especially in romantic relationships. This case study didactically presents rational-emotive behavior therapy treatment of dysfunctional anger in an 18-year-old Turkish woman. The client mostly experienced intensive anger problems including physical signs and symptoms. The therapy sessions covered the client ’s problems with her boyfriend. Treatment focused on disputing irrational beliefs, engaging in imaginal exposure, p...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Mediating Role of Cognitive Flexibility in the Relationship between Traumatic Experiences in the Childhood Period and Substance Abuse Proclivity
AbstractWithin the scope of this study, the mediating effect of cognitive flexibility in the relationship between traumatic experiences in the childhood period and substance abuse tendency was investigated. In the study 532 university students at undergraduate level participated. In selecting of the sample of this study, the convenience sampling methods in probability sampling methods were used. Participants completed a Demographic Information Form, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form, Substance Abuse Proclivity Scale and Cognitive Flexibility Inventory. The results of the analysis found evidence of a positive signif...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dispositional Mindfulness Profiles and Cannabis Use in Young Adults
AbstractThe relationships between dispositional mindfulness and cannabis use remain understudied. The aim of the present study was to link cannabis use and problematic use with different profiles based on dispositional mindfulness facets. A sample of 1572 college students completed self-report questionnaires assessing dispositional mindfulness, cannabis use, and internalizing/externalizing symptoms. A cluster analysis based on the facets of dispositional mindfulness (observing,non-judgment,non-reactivity,acting with awareness, anddescribing) yielded three clusters: a High-Traits cluster (HT), a Non-Judgmentally Aware clust...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Alexithymia Mediates the Relationship Between Insecure Attachment and Eating Disorder Symptoms
AbstractInsecure attachment and alexithymia have traditionally been associated with eating disorders. However, research has recently started to examine the specific mechanisms by which attachment insecurity affect disordered eating. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the hypothesis that alexithymia mediates the relationships between insecure attachment patterns and eating disorders (EDs) and to test the relative contribution of each component of alexithymia. 323 female university students and 38 anorexic patients completed questionnaires on attachment, alexithymia and ED symptoms within a structural equatio...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Maladaptive Emotional Schemas and Emotional Functioning: Evaluation of an Integrated Model Across Two Independent Samples
AbstractRecent advancements in emotion theory propose that emotional schemas —individualized conceptualizations and beliefs about emotions—serve a fundamental function in guiding emotional processes. To critically assess the validity of this suggestion, the current research proposed and evaluated an integrative model of emotional functioning. Two studies were completed u sing a combination of behavioral (Mirror Tracing Persistence Task), performance-based (Perception of Affect Task), and self-report (Leahy Emotional Schema Scale-II, Cognitive-Behavioral Avoidance Scale, Generalized Expectancy for Negative Mood ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Testing the Efficacy of the FEAR —Model of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in Treating Test Anxiety in Chemistry Students
This study tested the efficacy of the FEAR —model of cognitive behavioural therapy in treating test anxiety in Chemistry students. We adopted a randomized pretest-posttest trial experimental design. A total of 153 participants served as the study sample. Two instruments were used for data collection. The participants were administered the instruments at three different times. Treatment manual for test anxiety was employed to deliver the therapy. Data analysis was completed using analysis of covariance. The researchers found that FEAR-model of CBT had a significant effect on participants’ test anxiety scores as ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The “Weakest Link” as an Indicator of Cognitive Vulnerability Predicts Stress Generation: A Multi-Wave Longitudinal Study among Adolescents
AbstractThis multi-wave longitudinal study examined the role of depressive symptoms and the weakest link approach as an indicator of cognitive vulnerability to predict stress generation. The weakest link approach posits that an individual is as cognitively vulnerable as his or her strongest attributional style. Data of 521 Chinese adolescents were investigated in this study. During an initial assessment, participants completed a demographic survey that assessed depressive symptoms, weakest links, and stress. Over the subsequent 6 months, participants completed monthly assessments of depressive symptoms and stress. The resu...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Behavioral Inhibition/Activation Systems and Self-Esteem with Depression: The Mediating Role of Social Anxiety
This study aimed to investigate the mediating role of social anxiety in the relationship between brain-behavioral systems and self-esteem with depression. Our sample (n  = 399; 117 males, 282 females) consisted of Iranian undergraduate students in the academic year 2018–2019 who were selected by the stage sampling method and completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN), Behavioral Inhibition/Behavioral Activation System Scales, and Global Self-Esteem (GSE) subscale of Multidimensional Self-Esteem Inventory (MSEI). Our results indicate that there was a significant a...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

European Portuguese Validation of the Thought Control Questionnaire Insomnia-Revised (TCQI-R)
AbstractIndividuals with insomnia complaints often report intrusive thoughts. In this sense, strategies to cope with cognitive arousal are a key topic to be addressed. The TCQI-R is a self-reporting instrument aimed at evaluating the strategies used by individuals to control their thoughts during insomnia episodes. The aim of this study was to translate and adapt the thought control questionnaire insomnia-revised (TCQI-R) for the Portuguese population. In the current study, a community-dwelling sample of 802 participants was recruited, aged between 18 and 66  years, of whom 163 were men and 639 women (80%). The princi...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Positive Irrational Beliefs and Mental Health
This study examined the relationship between positive irrational beliefs, or positive illusions, and mental health. It attempted to address previous issues with inferential methods for assessing such beliefs by directly assessing positive irrational beliefs relating to the self, control, and optimism. The study included 1243 participants who completed the survey questionnaire. A two-step structural equation modeling framework was used to test associations between positive irrational beliefs and mental health constructs. This allowed for a componential analysis separating a higher order factor, likely representing positive ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Mediator Role of Negative Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies Between Interpersonal Problems and Borderline Personality Beliefs
AbstractInterpersonal difficulties and emotion regulation are the core characteristics of borderline personality disorders (BPD). However, how emotion regulation strategies contribute to the association between interpersonal problems and borderline personality symptomatology have not been highlighted within cognitive theory. The current study aims to examine the mediator role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies between interpersonal problems and borderline personality beliefs. The study consisted of 648 (381 women and 267 male) people from Turkey. In addition to Socio-Demographic Form, Cognitive Emotion Regulation Q...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effect of State and Trait Self-Critical Rumination on Acute Distress: An Exploratory Experimental Investigation
AbstractSelf-critical rumination is a process whereby individuals focus attention on past failures and inadequacies without consideration for improvement or problem-solving. Past research has demonstrated that self-critical rumination is a separate process from the experience of having intrusive self-critical thoughts and that engaging in self-critical rumination is strongly correlated with beliefs that it is uncontrollable or represents a weakness of character. What is less clear at this time, however, is the impact that self-critical rumination has on levels of distress when faced with failure. Thirty volunteers who were...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Management of Test Anxiety Among Pupils in Basic Science Using Music-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy Intervention: Implication for Community Development
AbstractEffectiveness of music-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) intervention has been established on various participants such as students in secondary schools, university students, and other categories of adults. However, there is a dearth of literature on the effectiveness of music-based CBT intervention program on the management of primary school pupils ’ test anxiety in basic science. Thus, this study sought the effectiveness of a music-based CBT intervention program on the management of test anxiety among pupils. A randomized controlled trial experimental design was adopted for the study using a sample of ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Factor Structure of the Revised Indecisiveness Scale and Association with Risks for and Symptoms of Anxiety, Depression, and Attentional Control
AbstractIndecisiveness is trait-like difficulty making decisions across time and situations. Past investigations indicate that indecisiveness is associated with Major Depressive Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and Obsessive –Compulsive Disorder as well as with neuroticism, Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU), and avoidance. The most used measure of indecisive is Frost and Shows’ (Behav Res Therapy, 1993. http://doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(93)90121-a) Indecisiveness Scale (IS), which has been revised to remove situation-s pecific indecision items. Research evaluating the original and revised IS (RIS) has found...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Anger, Frustration Intolerance, Global Evaluation of Human Worth and Externalizing Behaviors in Preadolescence
AbstractThe present study tries to offer a better understanding of transdiagnostic and specific correlates of externalizing problems in preadolescence. The first goal was to investigate which of the two categories of irrational beliefs (frustration intolerance and global evaluation of human worth) is more responsible for the manifestation of externalizing behaviors. The results claimed for dissociation in the cognitive profile of specific externalizing problems, frustration intolerance beliefs specifically predict unruly and disruptive behavior, and global evaluation of human worth specifically explained conduct disorder. ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How to Cope with Perfectionism? Perfectionism as a Risk Factor for Suicidality and the Role of Cognitive Coping in Adolescents
This study investigated the association between PS, CMD, and suicidality in a sample of 273 Dutch secondary school students aged between 12 and 15  years old (M  =  13.54,SD = 0.58, 55.8% males). We also examined whether adaptive, or maladaptive cognitive coping strategies influenced these associations. We hypothesized that students high in PS or CMD would experience an increased suicidality. Moreover, we expected that adaptive coping strategies would act as buffer between the association of perfectionism and suicidality, and that maladaptive coping strategies would strengthen this associat...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effect of Rational Digital Storytelling Intervention on Depression Among Adolescent-Athletes with Special Educational Needs
This study aimed to determine the effect of a rational digital storytelling intervention on depression among a sample of adolescent-athletes with special educational needs. Participants were sixty in-school adolescent-athletes with special educational needs (treatment group,n = 30, control group,n = 30) having moderate to severe depression. The treatment group participated in the rational digital storytelling intervention, over a twelve-week period whereas the control group was exposed to oral storytelling at precisely the same timeframe, with the meeting sessions holding 2 times weekly. The Bec...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Metacognition, Mindfulness Attention Awareness, and Their Relationships with Depression and Anxiety
AbstractThe current study aimed to test how metacognition relates to the concept of mindfulness attention awareness (MAA), whether metacognitions or MAA best predict symptoms of depression and anxiety, and whether there are significant differences between depression and anxiety levels due to metacognitions and MAA. Data were collected from a public sample through e-mails and social media platforms. The results showed that there was a moderate correlation between MAA and three of the five metacognitive subscales. Both MAA (r = 0.66) and metacognition (r = 0.64) were significantly correlated with ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Modelling Online Gaming Metacognitions: The Role of Time Spent Gaming in Predicting Problematic Internet Use
AbstractIn recent years there have been growing concerns about problematic Internet use (PIU) as potential mental health problem. Among the many activities available on the Internet, the time spent gaming appears one of the most frequent risk factors in developing PIU. The aim of the current study was to model the relationship between negative affect, metacognitions about online gaming, frequency of online gaming and PIU. A total of 326 Italian gamers (mean age  = 27 years,SD = 5.65 years; 93.3% males) participated in the study. The pattern of relationships specified by the theoretical...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Profiling Metacognition in Binge Eating Disorder
In this study we explored whether aspects of metacognition are relevant to the understanding of binge eating in patients with Binge Eating Disorder. We aimed to ascertain: (1) the presence of metacognitive beliefs about binge eating; (2) the goal of, and stop signal for, binge eating; and (3) the impact of binge eating on self-consciousness. Ten Binge Eating Disorder patients took part in the study and were assessed using the metacognitive profiling semi-structured interview. Results suggested that all patients endorsed both positive and negative metacognitive beliefs about binge eating. The goals of binge eating were stop...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Coping Matters Even with Math Performance Stress: Adolescents ’ Cognitive Coping with Math Performance Stress and Behavior Problems
AbstractPrevious research suggests performance stress and different subjective behavior problems among adolescents at school. However, there is evidence that cognitive coping is a strong tool for reflecting on and regulating internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Therefore, we investigated two assumptions: (1) Adolescents ’ subjective performance stress is positively related to different subjective behavior problems (e.g., impulsivity, conduct problems, and inattention). (2) Adolescents with a high tendency to cognitively cope with an exam in math and low levels of subjective performance stress report few...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Perfectionist? You Don ’t Need to Sleep: An interplay of Daytime Sleepiness and Task Performance
AbstractPrior studies show the relationship between perfectionism and insomnia, and the detrimental effects of insomnia on performance, job satisfaction, self-control, organizational citizenship behavior, and interpersonal deviance. In the present study, we hypothesize that perfectionism has a significant impact on task performance. However, the relationship between the two is riddled by daytime sleepiness. The indirect effect of perfectionism on performance through daytime sleepiness is contingent upon the perfectionism level of an individual. Empirical investigation of the hypothesized relationships was conducted on four...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Interpersonal Problem-Solving Measure for Elementary School Students: Development and Preliminary Evaluation in a Third Grade Student Sample
AbstractInterpersonal problem-solving ability takes an increasingly important role in the socialization process during childhood. This paper describes the development and preliminary evaluation of the interpersonal problem-solving inventory for elementary school students (IPSI). The IPSI is a process measure structured into five subscales: Positive problem-solving behavior; Negative problem-solving behavior; Rational problem-solving behavior; Impulsive behavior; and Avoidance behavior. The scale was administered to a Vietnamese elementary student sample that consists of 437 third grade students (M  = 8.67, SD...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Development of a Social Problem Solving Test for Elementary School Students
This study describes the development of a social problem solving test for elementary school students (SPSTE). The SPSTE scales are performance measures of social problem-solving competence that is based on a multidimensional theoretical model of social problem solving and utilized a combined cross-situational and cognitive-behavior-analytic approach. The scales measure the social cognitive-affective aspects, specific-problem defining skills, and basic problem-solving abilities that were used by children in their interpersonal relations in their own words. The SPSTE-A (form A for the 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade students) consis...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Awfulizing: Some Conceptual and Therapeutic Considerations
AbstractIn this paper, I will consider the concept of awfulizing, typically seen in REBT theory as a secondary irrational belief that is derived from the primary irrational belief, known as demandingness, or more colloquially as musturbation. I will look at how the concept of awfulizing has been defined in REBT and some of the objections to its use in therapy and beyond. If REBT therapists are going to target awfulizing beliefs for change then this needs to be done carefully and within the context of a good working alliance. I will outline some important considerations that therapists need to be aware of when working with ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How are Experiential Avoidance and Cognitive Fusion Associated with Alexithymia?
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between alexithymia, cognitive fusion and experiential avoidance. A total of 133 outpatient participants were included in this cross-sectional study. Sociodemographic Data Form, Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20, Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II, Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Ten-Item Personality Inventory were used. The non-alexithymic group consisted of 37 participants while the alexithymic group of 26. The alexithymic group had higher scores in terms of depression, anxiety, experiential avoidance, and cognitive fusion. Difficu...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Version of the O ’Kelly Women’s Beliefs Scale
AbstractIn recent years, there has been increasing interest in gender perspectives in research. In this regard, the study of gender beliefs represents a growing field which has received considerable attention due to their significant societal and psychological impact. One important challenge faced by Spanish rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT) clinicians is the dearth of instruments developed within an REBT framework to examine women ’s traditional gender beliefs. The O’Kelly women’s beliefs scale (OWBS) has been used in many countries during the last decade to measure such beliefs. However, cross-...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Procrastination, Affective State, Rumination, and Sleep Quality: Investigating Reciprocal Effects with Ambulatory Assessment
AbstractProcrastination is a prevalent problem among university students and associated with high long-term costs, but the short-term antecedents and consequences of procrastination are not well understood. Some related negative outcomes could be consequences as well as predictors of procrastination. The aim of the present study was to investigate possible reciprocal associations of affective, cognitive and health-related characteristics associated with procrastination on a momentary basis. Using ambulatory assessment, state procrastination, rumination, affective valence, and objective and subjective sleep quality were ass...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Defense Mechanisms, Dissociation, Alexithymia and Childhood Traumas in Chronic Migraine Patients
This study included 100 patients diagnosed with migraine-type headaches according to the International Pain Association criteria. Of these 100 patients, 66 (66%) had chronic migraine, 24 (24%) episodic migraine without aura and 10 (10%) episodic migraine with aura. In addition, a control group of 90 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects was also included in the study. All participants completed a Standardized Sociodemographic Data Collection Form, and were administered multiple scales including Beck Depression Inventory, Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Childhood Traumas Questionnaire, the Defensive Style Questionnaire and th...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Acceptance-Based Therapies and Asian Philosophical Traditions: Similarities and Differences in the Concept of Acceptance
AbstractMindfulness and acceptance-based psychotherapies have gained popularity in the last few decades as a “third wave” of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Acceptance is an important factor in all of these psychotherapies and stems from Asian philosophies, therefore similarities are necessarily seen between the psychotherapies themselves. This paper aims to demonstrate the ways in which acceptanc e-based psychotherapies converge by virtue of sharing the same philosophical root, as well as how they diverge in their applications of this concept. Specifically, this paper will examine similarities and dif...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Suicide Attempts in Turkish University Students: The Role of Cognitive Style, Hopelessness, Cognitive Reactivity, Rumination, Self-esteem, and Personality Traits
AbstractSuicide is one of the major public health problems in young adults. Detecting the risk factors and correlates among university students might help identify students who are under risk and who need early interventions for suicide prevention. The current study aimed to investigate the cognitive style, self-esteem, hopelessness, rumination, cognitive reactivity, and personality characteristics of Turkish university students, who previously attempted suicide and who did not. A total of 355 university students (34 previous suicide attempters) were recruited for this study, and they completed the Ten-Item Personality Inv...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effect of an Emotional Intelligence Training Program Developed for Prospective Psychological Counselors on Psychological Counseling Skill Levels
AbstractThe aim of this study was to test the efficacy of an emotional intelligence training program for prospective psychological counselors on psychological counseling skills. The study group for the research comprised 28 prospective psychological counselors attending the guidance and psychological counseling department of a state university who volunteered to participate in the study. The research used a semi-experimental pattern with pretest, posttest and control group. The 2  × 3 split-plot included the first factor with independent process groups of the experimental and control group (14 students ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Developing Self-determined Motivation and Performance with an Elite Athlete: Integrating Motivational Interviewing with Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
AbstractThe present case study puts forth the first idiographic application of a one to one Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT; Ellis in J Individ Psychol 13:38 –44,1957) intervention integrated with Motivational Interviewing (MI; Miller and Rollnick in Motivational interviewing: helping people change, Guilford Press, London, 2013) with a client (elite athlete) on irrational beliefs, self-determined motivation, and sporting performance. Building and maintaining a strong working alliance with a client is considered central to both MI and REBT, and psychological interventions generally. Whilst there are widespread...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Efficacy of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy on Academic Procrastination Behaviours Among Students Enrolled in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics Education (PCME)
This study assessed the efficacy of a CBT-based program in the reduction of undergraduate students ’ academic procrastination behaviors. Pre-test post-test randomized control trial experimental design was adopted by the researchers for the study. Sixty-four (64) physics, chemistry and mathematics education undergraduate students who were drawn through proportionate stratified random sampling te chnique constituted the sample for the study. The students were randomly assigned to experimental (34) and control (30) groups. Procrastination Assessment Scale for Students (PASS) Academic Procrastination Behavior Scale (APBS...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Factor Structure of the Attitudes and Beliefs Scale 2: Implications for Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
This study tested the factor structure of the Attitudes and Beliefs Scale-2, a measure of Ellis ’ irrational and rational beliefs. The scale includes items that assess both irrationality and rationality. Within this framework, items reflect one of four irrational cognitive processes and their rational alternatives, including demandingness versus preferences, frustration intolerance versus to lerance, awfulizing versus realistic negative evaluations, and self-condemnation versus self-acceptance, and one of three content domains including affiliation, achievement, and comfort. The sample of 1500 consisted of college st...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Development and Psychometric Properties of a New Measure of Irrational Thinking: The Scale of Irrational Contents and Styles-Basics (SICS-B)
AbstractAnalyze the psychometric properties of a new measure for the assessment of the irrational beliefs proposed by Ellis in his model of Rational-Emotive-Behavioral Therapy (REBT): theScale of Irrational Contents and Styles-Basics (SICS-B). TheSICS-B evaluates the “contents” of the three basic irrational beliefs (Ap: Approval, Pe: Perfectionism, and Co: Comfort) in relation to the four different “styles” (inferences or processes of thought) in which they can be expressed (DEM: Demandingness, AWF: Awfulizing, FI: Frustration Intolerance, and CON: Conde mnation). 259 respondents (79.5% women) under...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Predictive Influence of Irrational Beliefs on Self-esteem of University Students with Late Blindness
AbstractPoor self-esteem is a major threat to the well-being of individuals with late blindness. The influence of irrational beliefs on the self-esteem of Nigerian university students with late blindness was investigated in the present study. Data were collected from 363 university students with late blindness using Brailed versions of Adapted General Attitude and Belief Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Pearlin Mastery Scale. Data collected were analyzed using regression analysis. The results among others provided empirical support for general rational/irrational beliefs score as a significant predictor of students &...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Factorial Structure and Invariance Analysis of the BIS –BAS Scale, IPIP-R Version
In conclusion, evidence of the two correlated dimensions that support Gray’s theory of activation and inhibition systems independent of sex and age was obtained. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Moderating the Role of Self-Compassion in the Relationship Between Perfectionism and Depression
AbstractTo better understand the perfectionism-depression link, this study aimed to explore the moderating role of self-compassion in the relationship between perfectionism and depression. To gauge the impacts of self-compassion and perfectionism on depression, researchers assessed 210 depressed inpatients in four hospitals in Iran. The results of the Structural Equation Modelling showed thatpersonal standards perfectionism and self-compassion negatively predicted depression, andevaluative concerns perfectionism positively predicted depression. Results from a multi-group analysis suggested that self-compassion moderated th...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Positive Thinking is Not Adaptive Thinking: A Cognitive-Behavioral Take on Interpretation Bias Modification for Social Anxiety
AbstractInterpretation biases are a core feature of social anxiety. Used to automatically train positive interpretation biases, the existing versions of Cognitive Bias Modification for Interpretation (CBM-I) render mixed results. The current study presents the development and testing of a one-session novel adaptation of CBM-I for social anxiety that provides an adaptive instead of a positive meaning to socially loaded situations. Informed by Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy and latest theoretical upgrades, we argue that biases exist on a continuum from adaptive to maladaptive and defining them by valence may fuel unrealis...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Maultsby ’s Rational Behavior Therapy: Background, Description, Practical Applications, and Recent Developments
We describe RBT’s valuable concepts and effective techniques in such a way that readers ma y readily start using them to complement and enhance any other form of cognitive behavior therapy. An article comparing RBT with REBT and CBT will follow. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Gender Differences in the Organizational Structure of the Rational/Irrational Beliefs in Depressive Symptoms
AbstractWe conduct a cross-sectional study to examine gender differences in the organizational structure of irrational/rational beliefs in the symptoms of depression in a sample of undergraduate students (N  =  476). The findings suggest that the psychological distress and health models of REBT are valid for both genders. The demandingness, as the primary irrational belief process, indirectly predicts depressive symptoms through the secondary irrational belief process (awfulizing) for both males and fem ales. However, there are some gender differences. Frustration intolerance has a unique contribution to the ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Rational Emotive Family Health Therapy for Reducing Parenting Stress in Families of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Group Randomized Control Study
AbstractStudies have shown that parents of children with autism spectrum disorders experience stress in parenting their children (e.g. Anyanwu et al. in Glob J Health Sci 11(8):51 –60, 2019; Ayers in Self-care: why parents of children with disabilities must nurture themselves, 2012.http://www.disaboom.com/childrewithdisabilities; Bonis in Issues Mental Health Nurs 37:153 –163, 2016). The current study examined the effect of rational emotive family health therapy (REFHT) on parenting stress in families of children with autism spectrum disorders. A total of 128 participants allocated randomly to the intervention ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Turkish Translation of a Measure of Irrational and Rational Beliefs: Reliability, Validity Studies and Confirmation of the Four Cognitive Processes Model
This study adapted the Attitudes and Belief Scale-2 (ABS-2) into Turkish and investigated its factor structure, criterion-related validity, and psychometric properties. The ABS-2 assesses REBT ’s irrational and rational beliefs. Each item reflects one of the four cognitive processes thought identified the theory to reflect irrationality or rationality. These include demandingness versus preferences, awfulizing versus realistic negative evaluations, frustration intolerance versus toleran ce, and self-condemnation versus self-acceptance. Each item reflects one of three content areas of achievement, affiliation, or comf...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Targeting Trauma-Related Beliefs in PTSD with Behavioral Experiments: Illustrative Case Study
AbstractCognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) with traditional written thought records is an effective treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A potential barrier to targeting trauma-related beliefs with traditional thought records is that typically the resulting behavioral avoidance from the trauma-related belief limits the experiences (i.e., evidence) which are available to draw from when evaluating a thought —there can be an absence of discrepant experiences due to avoidance. Another major approach to cognitive restructuring in the cognitive and behavioral therapies is through behavioral experiments (BE) ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Academic Procrastination, School Attachment, and Life Satisfaction: A Mediation Model
AbstractThe aim of the current study was to investigate the associations between school attachment, academic procrastination and life satisfaction and the mediating effect of academic procrastination. The mediation model was tested with 324 adolescents [173(53.4%) female, 151(46.6%) male,Mage = 17.07,SD = 2.28]. School Attachment Scale, Academic Procrastination Scale, and Satisfaction with Life Scale were filled out. The results indicated that there were significant associations among school attachment, academic procrastination, and life satisfaction. Mediation analysis revealed that academic pr...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research