Coping Matters Even with Math Performance Stress: Adolescents ’ Cognitive Coping with Math Performance Stress and Behavior Problems
AbstractPrevious research suggests performance stress and different subjective behavior problems among adolescents at school. However, there is evidence that cognitive coping is a strong tool for reflecting on and regulating internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Therefore, we investigated two assumptions: (1) Adolescents ’ subjective performance stress is positively related to different subjective behavior problems (e.g., impulsivity, conduct problems, and inattention). (2) Adolescents with a high tendency to cognitively cope with an exam in math and low levels of subjective performance stress report few...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - July 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Perfectionist? You Don ’t Need to Sleep: An interplay of Daytime Sleepiness and Task Performance
AbstractPrior studies show the relationship between perfectionism and insomnia, and the detrimental effects of insomnia on performance, job satisfaction, self-control, organizational citizenship behavior, and interpersonal deviance. In the present study, we hypothesize that perfectionism has a significant impact on task performance. However, the relationship between the two is riddled by daytime sleepiness. The indirect effect of perfectionism on performance through daytime sleepiness is contingent upon the perfectionism level of an individual. Empirical investigation of the hypothesized relationships was conducted on four...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Interpersonal Problem-Solving Measure for Elementary School Students: Development and Preliminary Evaluation in a Third Grade Student Sample
AbstractInterpersonal problem-solving ability takes an increasingly important role in the socialization process during childhood. This paper describes the development and preliminary evaluation of the interpersonal problem-solving inventory for elementary school students (IPSI). The IPSI is a process measure structured into five subscales: Positive problem-solving behavior; Negative problem-solving behavior; Rational problem-solving behavior; Impulsive behavior; and Avoidance behavior. The scale was administered to a Vietnamese elementary student sample that consists of 437 third grade students (M  = 8.67, SD...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Development of a Social Problem Solving Test for Elementary School Students
This study describes the development of a social problem solving test for elementary school students (SPSTE). The SPSTE scales are performance measures of social problem-solving competence that is based on a multidimensional theoretical model of social problem solving and utilized a combined cross-situational and cognitive-behavior-analytic approach. The scales measure the social cognitive-affective aspects, specific-problem defining skills, and basic problem-solving abilities that were used by children in their interpersonal relations in their own words. The SPSTE-A (form A for the 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade students) consis...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Awfulizing: Some Conceptual and Therapeutic Considerations
AbstractIn this paper, I will consider the concept of awfulizing, typically seen in REBT theory as a secondary irrational belief that is derived from the primary irrational belief, known as demandingness, or more colloquially as musturbation. I will look at how the concept of awfulizing has been defined in REBT and some of the objections to its use in therapy and beyond. If REBT therapists are going to target awfulizing beliefs for change then this needs to be done carefully and within the context of a good working alliance. I will outline some important considerations that therapists need to be aware of when working with ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How are Experiential Avoidance and Cognitive Fusion Associated with Alexithymia?
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between alexithymia, cognitive fusion and experiential avoidance. A total of 133 outpatient participants were included in this cross-sectional study. Sociodemographic Data Form, Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20, Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II, Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Ten-Item Personality Inventory were used. The non-alexithymic group consisted of 37 participants while the alexithymic group of 26. The alexithymic group had higher scores in terms of depression, anxiety, experiential avoidance, and cognitive fusion. Difficu...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Version of the O ’Kelly Women’s Beliefs Scale
AbstractIn recent years, there has been increasing interest in gender perspectives in research. In this regard, the study of gender beliefs represents a growing field which has received considerable attention due to their significant societal and psychological impact. One important challenge faced by Spanish rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT) clinicians is the dearth of instruments developed within an REBT framework to examine women ’s traditional gender beliefs. The O’Kelly women’s beliefs scale (OWBS) has been used in many countries during the last decade to measure such beliefs. However, cross-...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Procrastination, Affective State, Rumination, and Sleep Quality: Investigating Reciprocal Effects with Ambulatory Assessment
AbstractProcrastination is a prevalent problem among university students and associated with high long-term costs, but the short-term antecedents and consequences of procrastination are not well understood. Some related negative outcomes could be consequences as well as predictors of procrastination. The aim of the present study was to investigate possible reciprocal associations of affective, cognitive and health-related characteristics associated with procrastination on a momentary basis. Using ambulatory assessment, state procrastination, rumination, affective valence, and objective and subjective sleep quality were ass...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Defense Mechanisms, Dissociation, Alexithymia and Childhood Traumas in Chronic Migraine Patients
This study included 100 patients diagnosed with migraine-type headaches according to the International Pain Association criteria. Of these 100 patients, 66 (66%) had chronic migraine, 24 (24%) episodic migraine without aura and 10 (10%) episodic migraine with aura. In addition, a control group of 90 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects was also included in the study. All participants completed a Standardized Sociodemographic Data Collection Form, and were administered multiple scales including Beck Depression Inventory, Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Childhood Traumas Questionnaire, the Defensive Style Questionnaire and th...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Acceptance-Based Therapies and Asian Philosophical Traditions: Similarities and Differences in the Concept of Acceptance
AbstractMindfulness and acceptance-based psychotherapies have gained popularity in the last few decades as a “third wave” of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Acceptance is an important factor in all of these psychotherapies and stems from Asian philosophies, therefore similarities are necessarily seen between the psychotherapies themselves. This paper aims to demonstrate the ways in which acceptanc e-based psychotherapies converge by virtue of sharing the same philosophical root, as well as how they diverge in their applications of this concept. Specifically, this paper will examine similarities and dif...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Suicide Attempts in Turkish University Students: The Role of Cognitive Style, Hopelessness, Cognitive Reactivity, Rumination, Self-esteem, and Personality Traits
AbstractSuicide is one of the major public health problems in young adults. Detecting the risk factors and correlates among university students might help identify students who are under risk and who need early interventions for suicide prevention. The current study aimed to investigate the cognitive style, self-esteem, hopelessness, rumination, cognitive reactivity, and personality characteristics of Turkish university students, who previously attempted suicide and who did not. A total of 355 university students (34 previous suicide attempters) were recruited for this study, and they completed the Ten-Item Personality Inv...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effect of an Emotional Intelligence Training Program Developed for Prospective Psychological Counselors on Psychological Counseling Skill Levels
AbstractThe aim of this study was to test the efficacy of an emotional intelligence training program for prospective psychological counselors on psychological counseling skills. The study group for the research comprised 28 prospective psychological counselors attending the guidance and psychological counseling department of a state university who volunteered to participate in the study. The research used a semi-experimental pattern with pretest, posttest and control group. The 2  × 3 split-plot included the first factor with independent process groups of the experimental and control group (14 students ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Developing Self-determined Motivation and Performance with an Elite Athlete: Integrating Motivational Interviewing with Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
AbstractThe present case study puts forth the first idiographic application of a one to one Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT; Ellis in J Individ Psychol 13:38 –44,1957) intervention integrated with Motivational Interviewing (MI; Miller and Rollnick in Motivational interviewing: helping people change, Guilford Press, London, 2013) with a client (elite athlete) on irrational beliefs, self-determined motivation, and sporting performance. Building and maintaining a strong working alliance with a client is considered central to both MI and REBT, and psychological interventions generally. Whilst there are widespread...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Efficacy of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy on Academic Procrastination Behaviours Among Students Enrolled in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics Education (PCME)
This study assessed the efficacy of a CBT-based program in the reduction of undergraduate students ’ academic procrastination behaviors. Pre-test post-test randomized control trial experimental design was adopted by the researchers for the study. Sixty-four (64) physics, chemistry and mathematics education undergraduate students who were drawn through proportionate stratified random sampling te chnique constituted the sample for the study. The students were randomly assigned to experimental (34) and control (30) groups. Procrastination Assessment Scale for Students (PASS) Academic Procrastination Behavior Scale (APBS...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Factor Structure of the Attitudes and Beliefs Scale 2: Implications for Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
This study tested the factor structure of the Attitudes and Beliefs Scale-2, a measure of Ellis ’ irrational and rational beliefs. The scale includes items that assess both irrationality and rationality. Within this framework, items reflect one of four irrational cognitive processes and their rational alternatives, including demandingness versus preferences, frustration intolerance versus to lerance, awfulizing versus realistic negative evaluations, and self-condemnation versus self-acceptance, and one of three content domains including affiliation, achievement, and comfort. The sample of 1500 consisted of college st...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Development and Psychometric Properties of a New Measure of Irrational Thinking: The Scale of Irrational Contents and Styles-Basics (SICS-B)
AbstractAnalyze the psychometric properties of a new measure for the assessment of the irrational beliefs proposed by Ellis in his model of Rational-Emotive-Behavioral Therapy (REBT): theScale of Irrational Contents and Styles-Basics (SICS-B). TheSICS-B evaluates the “contents” of the three basic irrational beliefs (Ap: Approval, Pe: Perfectionism, and Co: Comfort) in relation to the four different “styles” (inferences or processes of thought) in which they can be expressed (DEM: Demandingness, AWF: Awfulizing, FI: Frustration Intolerance, and CON: Conde mnation). 259 respondents (79.5% women) under...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Predictive Influence of Irrational Beliefs on Self-esteem of University Students with Late Blindness
AbstractPoor self-esteem is a major threat to the well-being of individuals with late blindness. The influence of irrational beliefs on the self-esteem of Nigerian university students with late blindness was investigated in the present study. Data were collected from 363 university students with late blindness using Brailed versions of Adapted General Attitude and Belief Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Pearlin Mastery Scale. Data collected were analyzed using regression analysis. The results among others provided empirical support for general rational/irrational beliefs score as a significant predictor of students &...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Factorial Structure and Invariance Analysis of the BIS –BAS Scale, IPIP-R Version
In conclusion, evidence of the two correlated dimensions that support Gray’s theory of activation and inhibition systems independent of sex and age was obtained. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Moderating the Role of Self-Compassion in the Relationship Between Perfectionism and Depression
AbstractTo better understand the perfectionism-depression link, this study aimed to explore the moderating role of self-compassion in the relationship between perfectionism and depression. To gauge the impacts of self-compassion and perfectionism on depression, researchers assessed 210 depressed inpatients in four hospitals in Iran. The results of the Structural Equation Modelling showed thatpersonal standards perfectionism and self-compassion negatively predicted depression, andevaluative concerns perfectionism positively predicted depression. Results from a multi-group analysis suggested that self-compassion moderated th...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Positive Thinking is Not Adaptive Thinking: A Cognitive-Behavioral Take on Interpretation Bias Modification for Social Anxiety
AbstractInterpretation biases are a core feature of social anxiety. Used to automatically train positive interpretation biases, the existing versions of Cognitive Bias Modification for Interpretation (CBM-I) render mixed results. The current study presents the development and testing of a one-session novel adaptation of CBM-I for social anxiety that provides an adaptive instead of a positive meaning to socially loaded situations. Informed by Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy and latest theoretical upgrades, we argue that biases exist on a continuum from adaptive to maladaptive and defining them by valence may fuel unrealis...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Maultsby ’s Rational Behavior Therapy: Background, Description, Practical Applications, and Recent Developments
We describe RBT’s valuable concepts and effective techniques in such a way that readers ma y readily start using them to complement and enhance any other form of cognitive behavior therapy. An article comparing RBT with REBT and CBT will follow. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Gender Differences in the Organizational Structure of the Rational/Irrational Beliefs in Depressive Symptoms
AbstractWe conduct a cross-sectional study to examine gender differences in the organizational structure of irrational/rational beliefs in the symptoms of depression in a sample of undergraduate students (N  =  476). The findings suggest that the psychological distress and health models of REBT are valid for both genders. The demandingness, as the primary irrational belief process, indirectly predicts depressive symptoms through the secondary irrational belief process (awfulizing) for both males and fem ales. However, there are some gender differences. Frustration intolerance has a unique contribution to the ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Rational Emotive Family Health Therapy for Reducing Parenting Stress in Families of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Group Randomized Control Study
AbstractStudies have shown that parents of children with autism spectrum disorders experience stress in parenting their children (e.g. Anyanwu et al. in Glob J Health Sci 11(8):51 –60, 2019; Ayers in Self-care: why parents of children with disabilities must nurture themselves, 2012.http://www.disaboom.com/childrewithdisabilities; Bonis in Issues Mental Health Nurs 37:153 –163, 2016). The current study examined the effect of rational emotive family health therapy (REFHT) on parenting stress in families of children with autism spectrum disorders. A total of 128 participants allocated randomly to the intervention ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Turkish Translation of a Measure of Irrational and Rational Beliefs: Reliability, Validity Studies and Confirmation of the Four Cognitive Processes Model
This study adapted the Attitudes and Belief Scale-2 (ABS-2) into Turkish and investigated its factor structure, criterion-related validity, and psychometric properties. The ABS-2 assesses REBT ’s irrational and rational beliefs. Each item reflects one of the four cognitive processes thought identified the theory to reflect irrationality or rationality. These include demandingness versus preferences, awfulizing versus realistic negative evaluations, frustration intolerance versus toleran ce, and self-condemnation versus self-acceptance. Each item reflects one of three content areas of achievement, affiliation, or comf...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Targeting Trauma-Related Beliefs in PTSD with Behavioral Experiments: Illustrative Case Study
AbstractCognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) with traditional written thought records is an effective treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A potential barrier to targeting trauma-related beliefs with traditional thought records is that typically the resulting behavioral avoidance from the trauma-related belief limits the experiences (i.e., evidence) which are available to draw from when evaluating a thought —there can be an absence of discrepant experiences due to avoidance. Another major approach to cognitive restructuring in the cognitive and behavioral therapies is through behavioral experiments (BE) ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Academic Procrastination, School Attachment, and Life Satisfaction: A Mediation Model
AbstractThe aim of the current study was to investigate the associations between school attachment, academic procrastination and life satisfaction and the mediating effect of academic procrastination. The mediation model was tested with 324 adolescents [173(53.4%) female, 151(46.6%) male,Mage = 17.07,SD = 2.28]. School Attachment Scale, Academic Procrastination Scale, and Satisfaction with Life Scale were filled out. The results indicated that there were significant associations among school attachment, academic procrastination, and life satisfaction. Mediation analysis revealed that academic pr...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - January 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How to Optimise Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) for People with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD): A Delphi Study
AbstractChildren and adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) can benefit from cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), yet the prevailing opinion is that this  requires adaptations to accommodate commonly experienced socio-communication and neuropsychological impairments. There are, however, no empirically-derived guidelines about how best to adapt standard practice. In a three round Delphi survey, we asked expert clinicians and clinical-researchers, bas ed in England, about how to optimise the design, delivery and evaluation of CBT for people with ASD. Of 50 people approached, 18 consented to take part in Round 1, nine...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - December 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of SPACE Model of Cognitive Behavioral Coaching in Management of Occupational Stress in a Sample of School Administrators in South-East Nigeria
AbstractStress symptoms have been found to be highly prevalent among school administrators in Nigeria. Management of occupational stress constitutes a major challenge facing school administrators who are in secondary schools in Nigeria. The present study sought to validate the effectiveness of group SPACE model training in reducing occupational stress among secondary school administrators in south-east, Nigeria. The study employed a group randomized wait-list control trial design with pre-test, post-test and follow-up assessments. A total of 65 participants constituted the study sample. Participants were randomly assigned ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Concepts of Metacognition in the Treatment of Patients with Mental Disorders
AbstractWhile metacognitive interventions are gaining attention in the treatment of various mental disorders, a review of the literature showed that the term is often defined poorly and used for a variety of psychotherapeutic approaches that do not necessarily pursue the same goal. We give a summary of three metacognitive interventions which were developed within a sound theoretical framework —metacognitive therapy, metacognitive training, and metacognitively-oriented integrative psychotherapies—and discuss their similarities and distinctive features. We then offer an integrative operational definition of metac...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Affective and Cognitive Correlates of the Frequency of Using the Verb “to be”: An Empirical Test of E-Prime Theory
This study provides first evidence in favor of E-Prime’s assumption that a less frequent use of the verb “to be” can lead to a less rigid and non-judgmental style of thinking. The elimination of the verb “to be” from speech may prevent dogmatic or rigid thinking, thus stimulat ing flexibility, and in turn determine the increase of rational beliefs levels, especially the levels of preference beliefs. Possible clinical and scientific implications are discussed. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - November 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Interconnections Among Perceived Stress, Social Problem Solving, and Gastrointestinal Symptom Severity
AbstractMaladaptive social problem-solving (SPS) plays a significant mediating role in the negative impact of stressful life events on wellbeing. With a basis in D ’Zurilla and Nezu’s (Problem-solving therapies, 2nd ed., The Guilford Press, New York, pp. 211–245,2001) relational/problem-solving model of stress and wellbeing, we examined interrelations amongst stress, SPS, and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and tested several mediational models: maladaptive forms of SPS as mediators of the relationship between stress and GI symptoms, and stress as a mediator of maladaptive forms of SPS and GI symptoms. Und...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How Can Stoic Philosophy Inspire Psychosocial Genetic Counseling Practice? An Introduction and Exploration
AbstractStoicism is an ancient philosophical tradition with the goal of teaching individuals how to live virtuously and attain tranquility. Stoicism was built upon the concept of fate and the limits of an individual ’s power to change their fate (i.e. external circumstances). Many Stoic practices aim to remind oneself of the limits of their power and to shift one’s attention and concern to phenomena in which they have control. The goal is to cultivate a rational, healthy internal locus of control. There is minimal exploration of philosophical traditions in the genetic counseling literature, and Stoic practices ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - October 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Albert Ellis and Mindfulness-Based Therapy: Revisiting the Master ’s Words a Decade Later
AbstractDr. Albert Ellis, father of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), authored a response to mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), an emerging mindfulness-based therapy, in 2006. Since, practice and research on mindfulness has emerged with much attention being given to mindfulness-based therapies at large. By revisiting Ellis ’s words and insights through the lens of the last decade of research, this article aims to uncover core similarities and differences between REBT and MBSR. Such themes of philosophical underpinnings, acceptance, and homework link these approaches, while present moment attention, co...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effect of Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy on Depressive Symptoms in a Sample of College Adolescents in Nigeria
This study examined the effects of group cognitive behavioural therapy on depressive symptoms in a sample of college adolescents. We employed a randomized controlled trial design with 162 college adolescents in Southeastern region of Nigeria. One screening tool was used to ascertain the severity of depressive symptoms among the study participants at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and follow-up evaluations. In order to analyze the data collected, repeated measures analysis of variance andt test statistics were employed. Effect size of the intervention was determined using partial eta squared. The findings of the experiment ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - August 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Confirmatory Factory Analysis of the Academic Rational Beliefs Scale for Students attending Minority-Serving Institutions
AbstractThe academic rational beliefs scale (ARBS) was developed to assess college students ’ thoughts that impact educational success. This instrument has the potential to support students’ pursuits of academic achievement, but it should be normed on more diverse populations to support ethical and effective use of the instrument. As such, the researchers administered the ARBS to a div erse sample of students at a minority-serving institution (MSI) in the United States and conducted confirmatory factor analyses to verify the factor structure. The factor structure of the original ARBS did not adequately fit the ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Development and Psychometric Properties of a Social Problem Solving Test for Adolescents
This study examined the psychometric properties of the social problem solving test (SPST) using two samples of Vietnamese high school students: 247 regular students (referred to as normal students) and 168 “disruptive” students who had been diagnosed as having behavioral problems. The SPST is a performance measure of interpersonal problem-solving competence in adolescents. The SPST consists of 24 interpersonal problematic situations, set in two parts, 12 stories in SPST-A (stories-a) and 12 storie s in SPST-B (stories-b). The SPST-A was structured into five subscales that were designed to assess the five compon...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Validation of the Italian Version of the Cognitive Distortion Scale as a Measure of Cognitive Bias in a Non-clinical Sample
AbstractThe Cognitive Distortions Scale is a reliable scale assessing cognitive distortions as defined by Beck and Burns. The present study tested the psychometric properties (i.e., internal consistency, factor structure, homogeneity, concurrent, convergent, and discriminant validity) of the Italian version of the CDS in a non-clinical sample. One-hundred subjects, aged between 18 and 64  years, were recruited from the general population of Florence (Italy) and assessed via the Symptom Rating Test, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI—form Y), the Anxiety Sensitivity Index 3, the Personal Need for Structure, ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - June 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How to Differentiate Generalized Anxiety Disorder from Worry: The Role of Cognitive Strategies
AbstractThe aim of the current study was to compare adults with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), high worriers and healthy control adults in terms of cognitive variables. A total of 125 participants, including 32 people with GAD, 43 high worriers and 50 healthy control people, completed questionnaires assessing cognitive avoidance strategies, adaptive and maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies and cognitive fusion. We found that people with GAD and high worriers scored significantly higher on self-blame, rumination, catastrophizing, blaming others, and avoidance of threatening stimuli. They also scored sign...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Distinctive Associations of Interpersonal Problems with Personality Beliefs Within the Framework of Cognitive Theory of Personality Disorders
AbstractThe aim of this study was to explore the relationship between interpersonal problems and dysfunctional beliefs associated with personality disorders, within the framework of cognitive theory of personality disorders. Based on the proposition of cognitive theory, different dimensions of interpersonal problems which were assessed through the coordinates of interpersonal circumplex model were expected to be associated with specific categories of personality beliefs namely, deprecating, inflated, and ambivalent personality beliefs. Participants were 997 volunteer adults (304 males and 693 females) from Turkey, between ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Examining the Mediating Role of Stress in the Relationship Between Mindfulness and Depression and Anxiety: Testing the Mindfulness Stress-Buffering Model
AbstractMany studies have shown that mindfulness can reduce psychological distress; however, the mechanism underlying these effects is still unknown. Along these lines, the mindfulness stress-buffering model provides a hypothesis for explaining the effect of mindfulness on health outcomes through reducing stress. In order to test this model, we investigated the mediating role of stress in the relationship between mindfulness and depression and anxiety. Four hundred and thirty-two university students completed the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale. Data were analyzed by a structural equat...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Network Approach to Depressive Disorders
AbstractTreatments to depression often take a latent modeling approach whereby depressive symptoms are a common cause of the disorder. However, such an approach is not without problems. For example, covariance amongst indicators are deemed spurious. Network modeling has been proposed as an alternative way of explaining depression. The purpose of this article is to introduce the network approach and outline how it can be used to foster the development of effective treatment packages. Viewing depression as a network may result in a reduction in the number of patients experiencing depressive episodes. (Source: Journal of Rati...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Multiple Group IRT Measurement Invariance Analysis of the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale in Thirteen International Samples
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the measurement invariance of the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking& Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) in terms of Item Response Theory differential test functioning in thirteen distinct samples (N = 7714) from twelve different countries. We assessed differential test functioning for the three FSCRS subscales, Inadequate-Self, Hated-Self and Reassured-Self separately. 32 of the 78 pairwise comparisons between samples for Inadequate-Self, 42 of the 78 pairwise comparisons for Reassured-Sel f and 54 of the 78 pairwise comparisons for Hated-Self demonstrated no ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-Reported Dysfunctional Anger in Men and Women at a Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic
This study examined self-reported gender differences in a clinical sample of individuals referred for concerns about dysfunctional anger on measures of anger and aggression. The sample consisted of adults aged 18  years or over (N = 543; 90 [17%] women and 453 [83%] men) who presented at an outpatient anger clinic for treatment of their dysfunctional anger between 2003 and 2014. We found that women in the psychiatric outpatient sample significantly outscored men on many of the anger variables and reported similar levels of aggression, which contradicts previous reports in nonclinical populations. These r...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effect of Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy on Infertility Stress, General Health, and Negative Cognitions: A Randomized Controlled Trial
This study determined the effect of a cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBGT) program administered to infertile women on infertility-related stress, depressive and anxious thoughts, and general health state. A randomized controlled design was used for this study. The study was conducted with 107 infertile women: 55 in the experimental group and 52 in the control group. The CBGT was administered to the experimental group for 11  weeks. The pretest, posttest, and trimester follow-up results of this group were compared with those of the control group. The experimental group’s Fertility Problem Inventory pretest m...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Rational Emotive Digital Storytelling Therapy for Improving HIV/AIDS Knowledge and Risk Perception Among Schoolchildren: A Group Randomized Trial
This study examined the effectiveness of rational emotive digital storytelling therapy (REDStory) on HIV/AIDS knowledge and risk perception among Nigerian schoolchildren. The design of the study was a group randomized trial design. A total of eighty schoolchildren participated in the study. For the collection of data, we utilized the HIV Knowledge Questionnaire (Carey and Schroder in AIDS Educ Prev 14:174 –184,2002) and the Perceived Risk of HIV Scale (Napper et al. in AIDS Behav 16(40):1075 –1083,2012). To analyze the collected data, we employed ANOVA with repeated-measures andt test statistics. The study post...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - April 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dysfunctional Beliefs and Personality Traits
This study examined the pattern of associations between dimensions of personality dysfunction, dysfunctional beliefs, and adverse emotional outcomes. We recruited two samples of undergraduates (n  = 167; n = 104). Dysfunctional beliefs showed positive correlations with pathological personality dimensions Negative Emotionality, Introversion, and Psychoticism, and negative correlations with Big Five dimensions of Emotional Stability, Conscientiousness, Openness, and Conscientiousness. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that dysfunctional beliefs are predictive of adverse emotional outcomes ab...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - March 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Conceptual Confusion in Psychological Therapy: Towards a Taxonomy of Therapies
AbstractThis paper addresses confusion apparent in the discussion of psychological therapies. Such confusion relates to the differentiation, or lack of, of therapy constructs across categorical levels. Conceptual confusion is identified in terms of an apparent failure to differentiate theoretical frameworks of human functioning, specific therapy packages, and individual techniques from one another. Confusing to which level various concepts belong results in misunderstandings in psychological research, practice and education. The paper further sets out to provide a framework to help delineate these conceptual levels and to ...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Procrastination and Rational/Irrational Beliefs: A Moderated Mediation Model
AbstractThe present study focuses on the integrated effect of self-doubt, rational and irrational beliefs, and fear of failure on procrastination in a sample of Turkish undergraduate students (N = 293). The results confirm prior evidence indicating that self-doubt, fear of failure, and rational/irrational beliefs were important predictors of procrastination. The results show that (a) both self-doubt and irrational beliefs have direct and interactive effects on fear of failure, (b) fear of failure mediates the relationship between self-doubt and procrastination, (c) rational beliefs moderated the predictive ef...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - February 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Our Memories of Maxie C. Maultsby Jr. 1932 –2016
This article is the first in a series about RBT and its founder. (Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy)
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - December 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

An Investigation of Sequencing Effects in Combining Cognitive Questioning and Mindful Acceptance
AbstractCognitive-behavioral treatments assume that the mechanisms of change depend on the assessment and questioning of biased beliefs. In contrast, recent developments have emphasized mindful acceptance interventions, in which clients allow thoughts to come and go without questioning them. In order to discuss therapeutic efficacy difference in emotional disorders, we explored the possible normalizing effects of cognitive questioning and mindful acceptance on sympathetic reactivity aroused by recall tasks. We compared the effects of different sequencing of cognitive questioning and mindful acceptance on emotional distress...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - December 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research