Insect repellent plants traditional usage practices in the Ethiopian malaria epidemic-prone setting: an ethnobotanical survey
Conclusion: Though most of the people have had an adequate awareness still a sizable faction of society suffers with deprivation of IRPs knowledge and usage practices. Therefore, this study calls for more surveys to conserve the existing indigenous knowledge and cultural practices. It could lay the first stone to develop the next generation cost-effective vector control tools in the near future. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - February 12, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Kaliyaperumal KarunamoorthiTeklu Hailu Source Type: research

Ethnoveterinary plants of Ankober District, North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Background: Traditional herbal preparations for addressing veterinary problems have been applied in Ankober District, Ethiopia, for generations. However, the millennia-old ethnoveterinary knowledge of the community, and the plants are subjected to loss without being scientifically documented due to anthropogenic and environmental threats. Hence, this study aims at providing a comprehensive documentation on ethnoveterinary plant knowledge of the people in order to preserve the fast-eroding knowledge and resources of the area. Methods: Semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, participant observation and walk-in-t...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - February 11, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Ermias LulekalZemede AsfawEnsermu KelbessaPatrick Van Damme Source Type: research

Annual acknowledgement of manuscript reviewers.
Contributing reviewersThe editors of Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 9 (2013). (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - February 8, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Andrea Pieroni Source Type: research

A survey of medicinal plants used by the Deb barma clan of the Tripura tribe of Moulvibazar district, Bangladesh
Conclusions: Available scientific reports validate the use of a number of plants by the traditional healer. A number of the plants used by the clan healer had reported similar uses in Ayurveda, but differ considerably in their therapeutic uses from that reported for other tribes in Bangladesh. The present survey also indicated that in recent years the Deb barma clan members are inclining more towards allopathic medicine. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - February 6, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Mohammad KabirNur HasanMd RahmanMd RahmanJakia KhanNazia HoqueMd BhuiyanSadia MouRownak JahanMohammed Rahmatullah Source Type: research

Wild food plants used by the Tibetans of Gongba Valley (Zhouqu county, Gansu, China)
Conclusions: The number of wild taxa eaten in the studied valley is relatively large compared to most studies from around the world. However, compared to the northern slope of the Qinling, in Shannxi, the list is considerably shorter, in spite of the similar methodology applied and similar research effort involved. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - February 6, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Yongxiang Kang¿ukasz ¿uczajJin KangFu WangJiajiao HouQuanping Guo Source Type: research

Ethnomedicinal plants used to treat human ailments in the prehistoric place of Harla and Dengego valleys, eastern Ethiopia
Conclusion: Such documentation of comprehensive ethnomedicinal knowledge is very valuable and needs to be scaled-up so that it could be followed up with phytochemical and pharmacological analyses in order to give scientific ground to the ethnomedicinal knowledge. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - February 5, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Anteneh BelaynehNegussie Bussa Source Type: research

Ethnomedicine use in the war affected region of northwest Pakistan
Conclusion: Traditional medicines are important to the livelihoods of rural communities in the region affected by the Global war on Terrorism. The medicinal recipes are indigenous; however, there is a threat to their future use on account of rapid modernization and terrorist activities. Documentation of medicinal plants and recipes may help in the conservation of the regional indigenous medicinal knowledge for future generations and to provide a baseline for further studies. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 31, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Muhammad AdnanIhsan UllahAkash TariqWaheed MuradAzizullah AzizullahAbdul KhanNawab Ali Source Type: research

Seeds used for Bodhi beads in China
Conclusions: As one of the earliest adornment materials, seeds played an important role for human production and life. Complex sources of Bodhi beads have different cultural and historical significance. People bought and collected Bodhi beads to reflect their love and admiration for the plants. Thus, the documentation of Bodhi bead plants can serve as a basis for future investigation of Bodhi bead culture and modern Buddhist culture. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 30, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Feifei LiJianqin LiBo LiuJingxian ZhuoChunlin Long Source Type: research

Chain of commercialization of Podocnemis spp. turtles (Testudines: Podocnemididae) in the Purus River, Amazon basin, Brazil: current status and perspectives
Conclusions: Our results are estimative conservators of real impact of the consumption and for this reason advocate the management as one action to contribute for conservation of populations turtles in these region. It is clear that the Brazilian government should break the paradigms adopted currently in your politic of natural conservation of resource and urgently initiate a new management program that includes users in decision making and indeed contribute to the management and conservation of freshwater turtles in Brazil, in particular on Brazilian Amazon. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 27, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Jackson Pantoja-LimaPaulo ArideAdriano de OliveiraDaniely Félix-SilvaJuarez PezzutiGeorge Rebêlo Source Type: research

Ethnopharmacological practices by livestock farmers in Uganda: survey experiences from Mpigi and Gulu districts
This study was conducted to identify common traditional practices using medicinal plants against helminthosis and other livestock diseases in Mpigi and Gulu districts of Uganda. Methods: Seven focus group discussions with ten farmers per group plus 18 key informant interviews were held in each district from August to November 2011. Ranking was used to quantify disease burdens and to identify priority livestock and breeds. Samples of each plant were submitted to Makerere University herbarium for identification and documentation. The local name, relative availability and International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) ...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 27, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Immaculate NabukenyaChris Rubaire-AkiikiDeogracious OlilaKokas IkwapJohan Höglund Source Type: research

Interaction between forest biodiversity and people's use of forest resources in Roviana, Solomon Islands: implications for biocultural conservation under socioeconomic changes
Conclusions: Human modifications of the forest created unique vegetation communities, thus increasing biodiversity overall. Each type of forest had different species that varied in their levels of importance to the local subsistence lifestyle, and the villagers' behaviors, such as respect for forest reserves and the semidomestication of some species, contributed to conserving diversity. Urbanization threatened this human-forest interaction. Although the status of biodiversity in human-modified landscapes is not fully understood, this study suggested that traditional human modifications can positively affect biodiversity an...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 27, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Takuro FurusawaMyknee SirikoloMasatoshi SasaokaRyutaro Ohtsuka Source Type: research

Perceptions of environmental change and use of traditional knowledge to plan riparian forest restoration with relocated communities in Alcantara, Eastern Amazon
Conclusions: Slash-and-burn agriculture is the main source of livelihood but also the main driver of forest degradation. Effective restoration approaches must transform problems into solutions by empowering local people. Successional agroforestry combining annual crops and trees may be a suitable transitional phase for restoration. The model must be designed collectively and include species of ecological, cultural, and socioeconomic value. In deprived communities of the Amazon, forest restoration must be a process that combines environmental and social gains. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 27, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Danielle CelentanoGuillaume RousseauVera EngelCristiane FaçanhaElivaldo de OliveiraEmanoel de Moura Source Type: research

A little bit of Africa in Brazil: ethnobiology experiences in the field of Afro-Brazilian religions
This essay, which is the fourth in the series "Recollections, Reflections, and Revelations: Ethnobiologists and Their First Time in the Field", is a personal reflection by the researcher on his first field experience with ethnobiology of so called Afro-brazilian cults. The author recounts his feelings and concerns associated with initial fieldwork. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 27, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Ulysses Albuquerque Source Type: research

An ethnobiological study in Kala Chitta hills of Pothwar region, Pakistan: multinomial logit specification
Conclusion: This study empirically scans a good chunk of ethnobiological knowledge and depicts its strong connection with indigenous traditions. It is important to make local residents beware of conservation status of species and authentication of this knowledge needs to be done in near future. Moreover, Statistically significant findings impart novelty in the existing literature in the field of ethnobiology. Future conservation, phytochemical and pharmacological studies are recommended on these identified plants and animals in order to use them in a more sustainable and effective way. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 27, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Muhammad ArshadMushtaq AhmadEjaz AhmedAbdul SaboorAzhar AbbasShumaila Sadiq Source Type: research

Meliponiculture in Quilombola communities of Ipiranga and Gurugi, Paraíba state, Brazil: an ethnoecological approach
Conclusion: According to management techniques used by beekeepers, the keeping of stingless bees in the communities is considered a traditional activity that is embedded within a network of ecological knowledge and beliefs accumulated by generations over time, and is undergoing a process of transformation that provides new meanings to such knowledge, as can be observed in the practices of young people. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 10, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Roberta Monique de CarvalhoCelso MartinsJosé da Mourão Source Type: research

The apparency hypothesis applied to a local pharmacopoeia in the Brazilian northeast
Conclusions: From the perspective of its biochemical fundamentals, the apparency hypothesis does not have predictive potential to explain the use value and commercial value of medicinal plants. In other hand, the herbaceous habit showed the highest ethnospecies richness in the community pharmacopeia, which is an expected prediction, corroborating the apparency hypothesis. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 10, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Alejandro LozanoElcida AraújoMaria MedeirosUlysses Albuquerque Source Type: research

Meliponiculture in Quilombola communities of Ipiranga and Gurugi, Paraiba state, Brazil: an ethnoecological approach
Conclusion: According to management techniques used by beekeepers, the keeping of stingless bees in the communities is considered a traditional activity that is embedded within a network of ecological knowledge and beliefs accumulated by generations over time, and is undergoing a process of transformation that provides new meanings to such knowledge, as can be observed in the practices of young people. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 10, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Roberta de CarvalhoCelso MartinsJosé Mourão Source Type: research

Bapedi traditional healers in the Limpopo Province, South Africa: their socio-cultural profile and traditional healing practice
Conclusions: The current study has shown that Bapedi traditional healers could play a leading role in both the preservation of indigenous knowledge and the use of medicinal plants. However, of concern is the traditional methods (via consulting ancestors) employed by most of these healers in determining efficacy of remedies, thus indicating a need for a scientific investigations to establish their safety and effectiveness. Equally, there is a need to educate traditional practitioners' regarding the significant of various conservation legislations in their traditional healing. By addressing these, the national and provincial...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 10, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Sebua SemenyaMartin Potgieter Source Type: research

Medicinal plants used by the Tamang community in the Makawanpur district of central Nepal
Conclusions: The Tamang people in Makawanpur are rich in ethnopharmacological understanding. The present study highlights important medicinal plant species by validating their traditional uses. Different plant species can improve local economies through proper harvesting, adequate management and development of modern techniques to maximize their use. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 10, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Dol LuitelMaan RokayaBinu TimsinaZuzana Münzbergová Source Type: research

Comparative homegarden medical ethnobotany of Naxi healers and farmers in Northwestern Yunnan, China
Conclusions: This study highlights the importance of biodiversity and traditional ecological and medical knowledge for human wellbeing and livelihoods in Naxi communities. Conservation efforts and policies are necessary to preserve the ecological and cultural base that maintains medicinal plant use by both healers and farmers in Naxi homegardens of the Sino Himalayan region. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 10, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Lixin YangSelena AhmedJohn SteppKai MiYanqiang ZhaoJunzeng MaChen LiangShengji PeiHuyin HuaiGang XuAlan HamiltonZhi-wei YangDayuan Xue Source Type: research

Local and scientific knowledge for assessing the use of fallows and mature forest by large mammals in SE Brazil: identifying singularities in folkecology
Conclusions: We suggest two principal considerations of ecological and ethnoecological interest: (1) In the Atlantic Forest of the Ribeira Valley, the secondary forests resulting from shifting cultivation were as attractive to the species as the mature forests; (2) The LEK has a special focus on the more anthropogenic portion of the landscape studied. Finally, we argue that this environmental focus in LEK is part of what makes it different from scientific knowledge and unique in its approach toward local environments. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 10, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Helbert PradoRui MurrietaCristina AdamsEduardo Brondizio Source Type: research

Personal networks: a tool for gaining insight into the transmission of knowledge about food and medicinal plants among Tyrolean (Austrian) migrants in Australia, Brazil and Peru
Conclusions: Human sources, especially relatives, play an important role in knowledge transmission in both domains. Reference was made to other sources as well, such as books, television, the internet, schools and restaurants. By taking a personal network approach, this study reveals the mode of transmission of knowledge about food and medicinal plants within a migrational context. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 7, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Ruth HaselmairHeidemarie PirkerElisabeth KuhnChristian Vogl Source Type: research

Knowledge and valuation of Andean agroforestry species: the role of sex, age, and migration among members of a rural community in Bolivia
Conclusions: Age and migration affect how people value woody species and what they know about their uses. For this reason, we recommend paying particular attention to the potential of native species, which could open promising perspectives especially for the young migrating peasant generation and draw their interest in agroforestry. These native species should be ecologically sound and selected on their potential to provide subsistence and promising commercial uses. In addition to offering socio-economic and environmental services, agroforestry initiatives using native trees and shrubs can play a crucial role in recovering...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - December 20, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Regine BrandtSarah-Lan Mathez-StiefelSusanne LachmuthIsabell HensenStephan Rist Source Type: research

Botanical ethnoveterinary therapies in three districts of the Lesser Himalayas of Pakistan
Conclusion: The current survey shows a remarkable resilience of ethnoveterinary botanical knowledge in the study area. Most of the species reported for ethnoveterinary applications are wild and under threat. Thus, not only is it imperative to conserve traditional local knowledge of folk veterinary therapies for bio-cultural conservation motives, but also to assist with in-situ and ex-situ environmental conservation initiatives, which are urgently needed. Future studies which focus on the validation of efficacy for use of these ethnoveterinary remedies can help to substantiate emic concepts regarding the management of anima...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - December 20, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Arshad AbbasiShujaul KhanMushtaq AhmadMir KhanCassandra QuaveAndrea Pieroni Source Type: research

Ethnobotanical survey of cooling herbal drinks from southern China
Conclusions: The liang cha industry of southern China reflects the plant species richness and cultural diversity of the region. Future research on safety and efficacy of herbal drinks as well as ecological and cultural conservation efforts are needed for the sustainable growth of China's botanical industry. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - December 19, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Yujing LiuSelena AhmedChunlin Long Source Type: research

Alternative ways of representing Zapotec and Cuicatec folk classification of birds: a multidimensional model and its implications for culturally-informed conservation in Oaxaca, México
We report on a comparative ethno-ornithological study of Zapotec and Cuicatec communities in Northern Oaxaca, Mexico that provided a challenge to some existing descriptions of folk classification. Our default model was the taxonomic system of ranks developed by Brent Berlin. Methods: Fieldwork was conducted in the Zapotec village of San Miguel Tiltepec and in the Cuicatec village of San Juan Teponaxtla, using a combination of ethnographic interviews and pile-sorting tests. Post-fieldwork, Principal Component Analysis using NTSYSpc V. 2.11f was applied to obtain pattern variation for the answers from different participants....
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - December 9, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Graciela Alcántara-SalinasRoy EllenLeopoldo Valiñas-CoallaJavier CaballeroArturo Argueta-Villamar Source Type: research

Alternative ways of representing Zapotec and Cuicatec folk classification of birds: a multidimensional model and its implications for culturally-informed conservation in Oaxaca, Mexico
We report on a comparative ethno-ornithological study of Zapotec and Cuicatec communities in Northern Oaxaca, Mexico that provided a challenge to some existing descriptions of folk classification. Our default model was the taxonomic system of ranks developed by Brent Berlin. Methods: Fieldwork was conducted in the Zapotec village of San Miguel Tiltepec and in the Cuicatec village of San Juan Teponaxtla, using a combination of ethnographic interviews and pile-sorting tests. Post-fieldwork, Principal Component Analysis using NTSYSpc V. 2.11f was applied to obtain pattern variation for the answers from different participants....
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - December 9, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Graciela Alcántara-SalinasRoy EllenLeopoldo Valiñas-CoallaJavier Caballero-NietoArturo Argueta-Villamar Source Type: research

Common sense: folk wisdom that ethnobiological and ethnomedical research cannot afford to ignore
Common sense [CS], especially that of the non-scientist, can have predictive power to identify promising research avenues, as humans anywhere on Earth have always looked for causal links to understand, shape and control the world around them. CS is based on the experience of many individuals and is thus believed to hold some truths. Outcomes predicted by CS are compatible with observations made by whole populations and have survived tests conducted by a plethora of non-scientists. To explore our claim, we provide 4 examples of empirical insights (relevant to probably all ethnic groups on Earth) into causal phenomena predic...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - December 2, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Thomas ErrenMelissa KochV Meyer-Rochow Source Type: research

Knowledge, use and management of native wild edible plants from a seasonal dry forest (NE, Brazil)
Conclusion: Because conservation of the species is not endangered by their use but by deforestation of the ecosystems in which these plants grow, we suggest that the promotion and consumption of the plants by community members is convenient and thereby stimulates the appropriation and consequent protection of the ecosystem. To promote consumption of these plants, it is important to begin by teaching people about plant species that can be used for their alimentation, disproving existing myths about plant use, and encouraging diversification of use by motivating the invention of new preparation methods. An example of how thi...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - November 26, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Margarita CruzNivaldo PeroniUlysses Albuquerque Source Type: research

Indigenous and traditional plants: South African parents¿ knowledge, perceptions and uses and their children¿s sensory acceptance
Conclusion: These results look promising for the promotion of ITPs as a strategy to reduce malnutrition in rural farm communities and for potential inclusion of these micronutrient-rich ALVs in school feeding programmes to improve the nutritional status of children. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - November 25, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Marinka van der HoevenJennifer OseiMinrie GreeffAnnamarie KrugerMieke FaberCornelius Smuts Source Type: research

Indigenous and traditional plants: South African parents' knowledge, perceptions and uses and their children's sensory acceptance
Conclusion: These results look promising for the promotion of ITPs as a strategy to reduce malnutrition in rural farm communities and for potential inclusion of these micronutrient-rich ALVs in school feeding programmes to improve the nutritional status of children. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - November 25, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Marinka van der HoevenJennifer OseiMinrie GreeffAnnamarie KrugerMieke FaberCornelius Smuts Source Type: research

Ethnobotanical assessment of plant resources of Banda Daud Shah, District Karak, Pakistan
Conclusion: The investigated area is rural in nature and the inhabitants are highly dependent on the native plants for their health care needs and other requirements like fuel wood and fodder due to financial constraints and unavailability of resources. Medicinal plants for high ranked diseases may be phtyochemicaly and pharmacologically investigated to prove their efficacy. The local medicinal flora is facing overexploitation, overgrazing and improper way of collection. Proper conservation strategies such as controlled grazing, reforestation and rangeland management among many others may be adopted to promote the sustaina...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - November 22, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Waheed MuradAzizullah AzizullahMuhammad AdnanAkash TariqKalim KhanSaqib WaheedAshfaq Ahmad Source Type: research

Evidence of the shifting baseline syndrome in ethnobotanical research
Discussion and conclusions: The general perception of knowledge loss among young people when comparing ethnobotanical repertoires among different age groups should be analyzed with caution. Changes in the landscape or in the abundance of plant resources may be associated with changes in ethnobotanical repertoires held by people of different age groups. Also, the relationship between the availability of resources and current plant use practices rely on a complexity of factors. Fluctuations in these variables can cause changes in the reference (baseline) of different generations and consequently be responsible for differenen...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - November 14, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Natalia HanazakiDannieli HerbstMel MarquesIna Vandebroek Source Type: research

Phenotypic differentiation between wild and domesticated varieties of Crescentia cujete L. and culturally relevant uses of their fruits as bowls in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
Background: Selection criteria are important for analyzing domestication of perennial plant species, which experience a selection pressure throughout several human generations. We analyze the preferred morphological characteristics of Crescentia cujete fruits, which are used as bowls by the Maya of Yucatan, according to the uses they are given and the phenotypic consequences of artificial selection between one wild and three domesticated varieties. Methods: We performed 40 semi-structured interviews in seven communities. We calculated Sutrop's salience index (S) of five classes of ceremonial and daily life uses, and of eac...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - November 14, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Xitlali Aguirre-DuguaEdgar Pérez-NegrónAlejandro Casas Source Type: research

Plant management and biodiversity conservation in Náhuatl homegardens of the Tehuacán Valley, Mexico
Conclusion: Homegardens provide a high diversity of resources for subsistence of local households and significantly contribute to conservation of native biodiversity. The highest diversity was recorded in homegardens where the neighbouring forests had the least diversity, suggesting that management of homegardens aims at compensating scarcity of naturally available plant resources. Cultivated species were markedly more abundant than plants under other management forms. Diversity harboured and management techniques make homegardens keystones in strategies for regional biodiversity conservation. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiol...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - November 6, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Carolina LariosAlejandro CasasMariana VallejoAna Moreno-CallesJosé Blancas Source Type: research

Plant management and biodiversity conservation in Nahuatl homegardens of the Tehuacan Valley, Mexico
Conclusion: Homegardens provide a high diversity of resources for subsistence of local households and significantly contribute to conservation of native biodiversity. The highest diversity was recorded in homegardens where the neighbouring forests had the least diversity, suggesting that management of homegardens aims at compensating scarcity of naturally available plant resources. Cultivated species were markedly more abundant than plants under other management forms. Diversity harboured and management techniques make homegardens keystones in strategies for regional biodiversity conservation. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiol...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - November 6, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Carolina LariosAlejandro CasasMariana VallejoAna Moreno-CallesJosé Blancas Source Type: research

Medicinal plants used by women from Agnalazaha littoral forest (Southeastern Madagascar)
Conclusions: Littoral forests are rare ecosystems that are highly threatened on the island nation of Madagascar. Our investigation into the use of medicinal plants sourced from and around the Agnalazaha Forest by the women of Mahabo-Mananivo reinforces the need for this natural resource as a first line of health care for rural families. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - November 4, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Mendrika RazafindraibeAlyse KuhlmanHarison RabarisonVonjison RakotoarimananaCharlotte RajeriarisonNivo RakotoariveloTabita RandrianarivonyFortunat RakotoarivonyReza LudovicArmand RandrianasoloRainer Bussmann Source Type: research

An empirical comparison of knowledge and skill in the context of traditional ecological knowledge
Conclusions: While we cannot rule out the possibility of a real association between these phenomena, we interpret our findings as support for the claim that researchers should distinguish between methods to measure knowledge and skill when studying trends in TEK. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - October 16, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Eric KightleyVictoria Reyes-GarciaKathryn DempsRuth MagtanongVictoria RamenzoniGayatri ThampyMaximilien GuezeJohn Stepp Source Type: research

The current status of ethnobiological research in Latin America: gaps and perspectives
This study aims to assess the panorama of ethnobiological research in Latin America by analyzing its evolution, trends, and future prospects. Methods: To conduct this study, we searched for papers in the Scopus (www.scopus.com) and Web of Science (www.isiknowledge.com) databases. The search was performed using combinations of keywords and the name of each Latin American country. The following countries were included in this study: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela, and Uruguay.Results and conclusionsAccording to our ...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - October 16, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Ulysses AlbuquerqueJosivan SilvaJuliana CamposRosemary SousaTaline SilvaRômulo Alves Source Type: research

Diversity of flora used for the cure of equine diseases in selected peri-urban areas of Punjab, Pakistan
Conclusions: This study generated lot of data on phytomedicinal approach for the treatment of ailments in the equines in some selected areas. It would, therefore, be imperative to expand similar studies in other parts of Pakistan and elsewhere. Moreover, use of the documented plants may be validated employing standard scientific procedures, which may have their application in the drug discovery/development by the pharmaceutical industry. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 30, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Khurram GorayaZafar IqbalMuhammad SajidGhulam MuhammadQurat AinMuhammad Saleem Source Type: research

Down deep in the holler: chasing seeds and stories in southern Appalachia
This essay, which is the third in the series "Recollections, Reflections, and Revelations: Ethnobiologists and their First Time in the Field", is a personal reflection by the researcher on his experience and involvement in kinship and friendship networks while conducting agrobiodiversity research in southern Appalachia, USA. Vignettes are given from moving moments spent with Native spiritual leaders, backcountry mountain people, and local co-collaborators in the research process. The author demonstrates how lasting field friendships have helped lead to groundbreaking ethnoecological research. (Source: Journal of ...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 27, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: James Veteto Source Type: research

An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wayu Tuka District, East Welega Zone of Oromia Regional State, West Ethiopia
Conclusion: The number of reported medicinal plants and their uses by the local people of the District indicate the depth of the local indigenous knowledge on medicinal plants and their application. The documented medicinal plants can serve as a basis for future investigation of modern drug. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 25, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Moa MegersaZemede AsfawEnsermu KelbessaAbebe BeyeneBizuneh Woldeab Source Type: research

Traditional medicine practitioners¿ knowledge and views on treatment of pregnant women in three regions of Mali
Conclusion: Experience and knowledge about treatment of pregnant women with medicinal plants was broad among the traditional practitioners in the three investigated regions in Mali. Collaborating with traditional practitioners on the safe use of medicinal plants in pregnancy may promote safer pregnancies and better health for mothers and their unborn infants in Mali. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 17, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Hedvig NordengWaled Al-ZayadiDrissa DialloNgolo BalloBerit Paulsen Source Type: research

Traditional medicine practitioners' knowledge and views on treatment of pregnant women in three regions of Mali
Conclusion: Experience and knowledge about treatment of pregnant women with medicinal plants was broad among the traditional practitioners in the three investigated regions in Mali. Collaborating with traditional practitioners on the safe use of medicinal plants in pregnancy may promote safer pregnancies and better health for mothers and their unborn infants in Mali. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 17, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Hedvig NordengWaled Al-ZayadiDrissa DialloNgolo BalloBerit Paulsen Source Type: research

Ethnobotanical appraisal and cultural values of medicinally important wild edible vegetables of Lesser Himalayas-Pakistan
Conclusions: Patterns of wild edible plant usage depend mainly on socio-economic factors compare to climatic conditions or wealth of flora but during past few decades have harshly eroded due to change in the life style of the inhabitants. Use reports verified common cultural heritage and cultural worth of quoted taxa is analogous. Phytochemical analysis, antioxidant activities, pharmacological applications; skill training in farming and biotechnological techniques to improve the yield are important feature prospective regarding of wild edible vegetables. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 14, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Arshad AbbasiMir KhanMunir ShahMohammad ShahArshad PervezMushtaq Ahmad Source Type: research

An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used in Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region of Ethiopia
Conclusion: Medicinal plants are still playing significant role in the management of various human and livestock diseases in the study area with herbs taking the lead in the number of plants used in the preparation of remedies, which may be an indication of their relatively better abundance as compared to other life forms. Recurrent drought was reported to have seriously threatened medicinal plant resources in the District. Awareness is thus needed be raised among local people on sustainable utilization and management of plant resources. Ex situ and in situ conservation measures should be taken to protect the medicinal pla...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 8, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Abraha TeklayBalcha AberaMirutse Giday Source Type: research

Collection and trade of wild-harvested orchids in Nepal
Conclusions: Collection of wild orchids was found to be widespread in Nepal, but illegal trade is threatening many species in the wild. Establishment of small-scale sustainable orchid breeding enterprises could be a valuable alternative for the production of medicinal orchids for local communities. Critically endangered species should be placed on CITES Appendix I to provide extra protection to those species. DNA barcoding is an effective method for species identification and monitoring of illegal cross-border trade. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - August 31, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Abishkar SubediBimal KunwarYoung ChoiYuntao DaiTinde van AndelRam ChaudharyHugo de BoerBarbara Gravendeel Source Type: research

Use and knowledge of Cactaceae in Northeastern Brazil
Conclusion: The survey showed that the Cactaceae is extremely important for several uses and categories attributed to different species. Apart from contributing to the ethnobotanical knowledge of the Cactaceae, another important focus of this study was to reinforce the necessity for further studies that record the traditional knowledge about this plant family, which has been lost in younger generations. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - August 28, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Camilla de LucenaReinaldo de LucenaGabriela CostaThamires CarvalhoGyslaynne CostaRômulo AlvesDaniel PereiraJoão RibeiroCarlos AlvesZelma QuirinoErnane Nunes Source Type: research

Ethnomedicinal study of plants used for human ailments in Ankober District, North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Background: Ankober District has long been inhabited by people who have a long tradition of using medicinal plants to treat human ailments. Overexploitation of medicinal plants coupled with an ever-increasing population growth, deforestation and agricultural land expansion threatens plants in the area. Hence, this study aimed at documenting and analyzing the plant-based ethnomedicinal knowledge of the people in order to preserve the dwindling indigenous knowledge. Methods: Ethnobotanical data were collected using semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, participant observation and walk-in-the-woods. Quantitativ...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - August 28, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Ermias LulekalZemede AsfawEnsermu KelbessaPatrick Van Damme Source Type: research

A comparison of traditional food and health strategies among Taiwanese and Chinese immigrants in Atlanta, Georgia, USA
In this study, we conducted a medical ethnobotanical survey focusing on a comparison of local medicinal food and health strategies with members of two Asian immigrant populations in metro-Atlanta: Chinese and Taiwanese. Snowball sampling techniques were employed to recruit 83 study participants, 57 of which were included in the final analysis. Semi-structured interview techniques were used to question participants about their beliefs and usage of the yin yang system, usage of Chinese herbs and medicinal foods, preference and usage of Eastern and Western medicines, and gardening for medicinal foods.Results and conclusionCom...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - August 27, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Sandy JiangCassandra Quave Source Type: research