Traditional plant use in Burkina Faso (West Africa): a national-scale analysis with focus on traditional medicine
Conclusions: The national-scale analysis revealed systematic patterns of traditional plant use throughout BFA. These results are of interest for applied research, as a detailed knowledge of traditional plant use can a) help to communicate conservation needs and b) facilitate future research on drug screening. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - February 19, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Alexander ZizkaAdjima ThiombianoStefan DresslerBlandine NacoulmaAmadé OuédraogoIssaka OuédraogoOumarou OuédraogoGeorg ZizkaKaren HahnMarco Schmidt Source Type: research

Vernacular dominance in folk taxonomy: a case study of ethnospecies in medicinal plant trade in Tanzania
Conclusions: Middlemen, traders and vendors adapt their folk classifications to those of the ethnic groups of the region where they conduct their trade, and to the ethnicity of their main customers. The names in the language of the traders are not forgotten, but relegated in favor of the more salient names of the dominant tribe. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - February 19, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Joseph OtienoSiri AbihudiSarina VeldmanMichael NahashonTinde van AndelHugo de Boer Source Type: research

Wild edible plant species utilized by a subsistence farming community in Obalanga sub-county, Amuria district, Uganda
Conclusion: Disproportionate distribution of edible wild plant indigenous knowledge was noted in Obalanga with the lowest among the children. The marketed plant species in Obalanga can offer an opportunity for household livelihood diversification through value addition and trade under the umbrella of organic products. This will increase household incomes thereby contributing towards MDG 1 on eradicating extreme poverty and hunger. It is thus vital to document indigenous knowledge so that it is not lost as plant species disappear due to environmental degradation. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - February 10, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Samuel OjelelEsezah Kakudidi Source Type: research

Local knowledge about fodder plants in the semi-arid region of Northeastern Brazil
This study evaluated local knowledge of the fodder plants of the Caatinga in northeast Brazil (seasonal dry forest). Specifically, the goal was to catalog local knowledge regarding the use of native and exotic forage plants in two rural communities located in the state of Paraiba (northeast Brazil), to provide information for nutritional investigations and to verify how the knowledge of these resources is distributed. Methods: The communities were followed for three consecutive years, and interviews were conducted with 44 families (20 men and 24 women). Nine of these individuals were determined by the snowball technique to...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - February 10, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Alissandra NunesReinaldo de LucenaMércia dos SantosUlysses Albuquerque Source Type: research

Medicinal use of wild fauna by mestizo communities living near San Guillermo Biosphere Reserve (San Juan, Argentina)
Conclusions: A low number of animal species was mentioned as used for medicinal purposes, which could be explained by the perception of strong control related the legislation that bans hunting and the erosion of traditional knowledge produced by mestizaje. However, the presence of a traditional medicine is deeply rooted in the community culture. Management strategy for protected areas should focus not only on the conservation and sustainability of biological resources, but also on the ancestral knowledge of local communities, such as the medicinal use of animals. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 21, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Jorge HernandezClaudia CamposCarlos Borghi Source Type: research

Evidence of a link between taboos and sacrifices and resource scarcity of ritual plants
Conclusions: These results prove the presence of a form of adaptive management where restrictions are related to resource scarcity and protection of ritual plant species. By providing baseline data on possibly endangered species, we demonstrate how plant use in the context of religious traditions can yield important information for conservation planning. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 8, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Diana QuirozTinde van Andel Source Type: research

Landscape ethnoecological knowledge base and management of ecosystem services in a Székely-Hungarian pre-capitalistic village system (Transylvania, Romania)
Conclusions: Based on explicit and implicit information, we argue that Székelys possessed detailed knowledge of the local ecological system. Moreover the world’s first known explicit mention of ecosystem services (“Benefits that are provided by Nature for free”) originated from this region from 1786. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 7, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Zsolt MolnárKrisztina GellényKatalin MargócziMarianna Biró Source Type: research

Wildlife use and the role of taboos in the conservation of wildlife around the Nkwende Hills Forest Reserve; South-west Cameroon
Conclusion: Like other communities living around forest areas, the studied communities use wildlife in their culture and tradition. Wildlife is not only used for consumption, but also for traditional medicines, craft materials and spiritual purposes. But, threats to wildlife and their traditional uses are real and acculturation seems to be the main driver. High priority should be given to the reconciling conservation of species with high values for local communities and human needs. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 7, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Kadiri BoboFodjou AghomoBonito Ntumwel Source Type: research

Landscape ethnoecological knowledge base and management of ecosystem services in a Szekely-Hungarian pre-capitalistic village system (Transylvania, Romania)
Conclusions: Based on explicit and implicit information, we argue that Szekelys possessed detailed knowledge of the local ecological system. Moreover the world's first known explicit mention of ecosystem services ("Benefits that are provided by Nature for free") originated from this region from 1786. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 7, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Zsolt MolnárKrisztina GellényKatalin MargócziMarianna Biró Source Type: research

Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in the environs of Tara-gedam and Amba remnant forests of Libo Kemkem District, northwest Ethiopia
Conclusion: The diversity of medicinal plants and the associated indigenous knowledge of Tara-gedam and its environs are of a considerable value to the local community and beyond. There is, therefore, a need for conservation of the vegetation and the medicinal plants along with preservation of the wealth of the indigenous knowledge. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 7, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Getnet ChekoleZemede AsfawEnsermu Kelbessa Source Type: research

Ethnoecology of the palm Brahea dulcis (Kunth) Mart. in central Mexico
Conclusions: We propose that Brahea dulcis is the palm with the highest potential for sustainable use in the arid and semi-arid zones of Mexico. The challenge to improving management includes simplifying the legal protection framework, promoting uses and developing a market strategy. Collaborations to share experiences with peasant farmers from Guerrero is recommended. We further recommend the development of a governmental strategy to enhance and reassess this important resource. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 5, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: María PulidoMayte Coronel-Ortega Source Type: research

Local knowledge and exploitation of the avian fauna by a rural community in the semi-arid zone of northeastern Brazil
Conclusion: The evidence collected on the criteria applied by local specialists for the exploitation of the bird fauna permitted the identification of the species that suffer hunting pressure, providing guidelines for the development of conservation and management strategies that will guarantee the long-term survival of the populations of these bird species in the region. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - December 24, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Pedro TeixeiraThiago ThelJullio FerreiraSeverino JúniorWallace JúniorRachel Neves Source Type: research

Use of columnar cacti in the Tehuacán Valley, Mexico: perspectives for sustainable management of non-timber forest products
Conclusions: Combining forest extraction and agroforestry systems are ideal scenarios to sustainable fruit harvest programmes. In addition, fair commerce of transformed products would substantially favour goals of sustainable management. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - December 23, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Edgar Pérez-NegrónPatricia DávilaAlejandro Casas Source Type: research

Use of columnar cacti in the Tehuacan Valley, Mexico: perspectives for sustainable management of non-timber forest products
Conclusions: Combining forest extraction and agroforestry systems are ideal scenarios to sustainable fruit harvest programmes. In addition, fair commerce of transformed products would substantially favour goals of sustainable management. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - December 23, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Edgar Pérez-NegrónPatricia DávilaAlejandro Casas Source Type: research

Comparative analysis of diversity and utilization of edible plants in arid and semi-arid areas in Benin
Conclusions: We conclude that if food security has to be addressed, the production and consumption policies must be re-oriented toward the recognition of the place of wild edible plants. For this to happen we suggest a number of policy and strategic decisions as well as research and development actions such as a thorough documentation of wild edible plants and their contribution to household diet, promotion of the ''bringing into cultivation" practices, strengthening of livestock-crop integration. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - December 23, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Alcade SegnonEnoch Achigan-Dako Source Type: research

Not just minor wild edible forest products: consumption of pteridophytes in sub-Saharan Africa
Conclusion: This study demonstrated the capability of literature research to reveal traditional knowledge on edible pteridophytes in sub-Saharan Africa from dispersed primary ethnobotanical data. Findings from this study suggest that edible pteridophytes could make an important contribution to provision of macro and micro nutrients to the sub-Saharan African population. This study also provided evidence of the importance of pteridophytes as food sources, and can therefore, used to enhance food security in the region by complementing the major food crops, vegetables and fruits. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - December 22, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Alfred Maroyi Source Type: research

Traditional health practitioners' perceptions, herbal treatment and management of HIV and related opportunistic infections
Conclusion: This study explored the THPs' perspectives on HIV and commonly associated OIs and their herbal treatment methods. THPs generally rely on biomedical diagnosis before treating a client. They also seek guidance from the ancestors for a particular diagnosis, the plants to use for a specific treatment, when to harvest, and how to administer herbal remedies. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - December 5, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Denver DavidsTarryn BlouwsOluwaseyi AboyadeDiana GibsonJoop De JongCharlotte Van¿t KloosterGail Hughes Source Type: research

Ethnomedicinal use of African pangolins by traditional medical practitioners in Sierra Leone
Conclusion: This study indicates a high importance value for pangolins as part of these communities' spiritual, cultural and medicinal beliefs. However, the numbers of individuals harvested from the wild remains unknown and unregulated even though pangolins have been listed under Schedule 2 of the Wildlife Conservation Act, 1972, of Sierra Leone, which prohibits any person from hunting or being in possession of pangolins. It is likely that this unregulated harvesting and poaching of this threatened species, for medicinal purposes, is unsustainable and there is an urgent need to determine pangolin population abundance withi...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - November 20, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Maxwell BoakyeDarren PietersenAntoinette KotzéDesiré DaltonRaymond Jansen Source Type: research

Traditional knowledge of wild food plants in a few Tibetan communities
Conclusion: Tibetans have traditionally exploited few wild food plants. These mainly compensate for the lack of vegetables and fruit in traditional Tibetan diet, notably among pastoralists, and are far more important during famines as substitutes for roasted barley flour. Today few wild food plants are regularly consumed, less in the main towns and villages and moreso in remote areas and among pastoralists. Younger generations from towns have almost lost traditional botanical knowledge. Owing to modernisation and globalisation processes, many local people have specialised in collecting natural products increasingly demande...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - November 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Alessandro Boesi Source Type: research

Analysis of traditional knowledge of medicinal plants from residents in Gayasan National Park (Korea)
Conclusion: The results of the inter-network analysis will provide a suitable plan for sustainable preservation of the national park through a continued study of the data. Particular species of medicinal plants need to be protected for a balanced plant ecosystem within the park. Consequently, through further studies using these results, proper steps need to be established for preparing a wise alternative to create a sustainable natural plant ecosystem for Gayasan National Park and other national parks. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - October 21, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Mi-Jang SongHyun KimByoung-Yoon LeeHeldenbrand BrianChan-Ho ParkChang-Woo Hyun Source Type: research

Depredation of domestic herds by pumas based on farmer¿s information in Southern Brazil
Conclusions: Deep changes in husbandry practices added to educational programs should be implemented, in order to maintain the sustainability of rural activities as well as the survival of pumas in southern Brazil. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - October 15, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Francine SchulzRodrigo PrintesLarissa Oliveira Source Type: research

Diversity of wetland plants used traditionally in China: a literature review
Conclusions: A diverse range of wetland plants, in terms of both taxonomic affiliation and type of use, have been used traditionally in China. Medicine, forage and food are the three most important categories of use, the plants providing basic resources used by local people in their everyday lives. Local availability is the main factor influencing which species are used. Quantitative indexes, especially Cultural Value Index, proved very useful for evaluating the usefulness of plants as recorded in the literature. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - October 15, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Yin ZhangHualin XuHui ChenFei WangHuyin Huai Source Type: research

"Depredation of domestic herds by pumas based on farmer's information in Southern Brazil"
Conclusions: Deep changes in husbandry practices added to educational programs should be implemented, in order to maintain the sustainability of rural activities as well as the survival of pumas in southern Brazil. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - October 15, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Francine SchulzRodrigo PrintesLarissa Oliveira Source Type: research

Economic benefits of high value medicinal plants to Pakistani communities: an analysis of current practice and potential
Conclusions: Pakistan exports of high value plants generate over US$10.5 million annually in 2012, with a substantial percentage of the supply coming from Swat District, but its market share has been declining. Reasons for the decline were identified as unreliable and often poor quality of the material supplied, length of the supply chain, and poor marketing strategies. These problems can be addressed by improving the knowledge of those at the start of the supply chain, improving linkages among all steps in the chain, and developing sustainable harvesting practices. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - October 10, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Hassan SherAli AldosariAhmad AliHugo de Boer Source Type: research

The river and the sea: fieldwork in human ecology and ethnobiology
This article is a commentary on the experiences that motivated my decision to become a human ecologist and ethnobiologist. These experiences include the pleasure of studying and of having the sense of being within nature, as well as the curiosity towards understanding the world and minds of local people. In particular, such understanding could be driven by addressing the challenging questions that originate in the interactions of such individuals with their natural surroundings. I have been particularly interested in the sea and the riverine forests that are inhabited by coastal or riverine small-scale fishers. Sharing the...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - October 2, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Alpina Begossi Source Type: research

An ethnobotanical study of the less known wild edible figs (genus Ficus) native to Xishuangbanna, Southwest China
Conclusions: In comparison with reports from other parts of the world, ethnic groups in Xishuangbanna exploited more edible Ficus species for young leaves or leaf buds. Most of the edible species undergo a gradient of management intensities following a gradient of manipulation from simple field gathering to ex situ cultivation. This study contributes to our understanding of the origins and diffusion of the knowledge of perception, application and managing a group of particular plant species, and how the local culture, economic and geographical factors influence the process. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 24, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Yinxian ShiHuabin HuYoukai XuAizhong Liu Source Type: research

Knowledge and use of edible mushrooms in two municipalities of the Sierra Tarahumara, Chihuahua, Mexico
Conclusion: The studied population shows a great appreciation towards five species, mainly the A. caesarea complex, and an apparent lack of knowledge of nearly 20 species which are used as food in other areas of Mexico. There are no apparent differences among Sierra inhabitants in terms of gender, occupation, or language regarding the recognition and consumption of species. The rejection of certain species is due mainly to fear of poisoning and the traditional selective teaching of families in the mountain communities of the Sierra Tarahumara. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 17, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Miroslava Quiñónez-MartínezFelipe Ruan-SotoIvonne Aguilar-MorenoFortunato Garza-OcañasToutcha Lebgue-KelengPablo Lavín-MurcioIrma Enríquez-Anchondo Source Type: research

Morphological variation, management and domestication of `maguey alto¿ (Agave inaequidens) and `maguey manso¿ (A. hookeri) in Michoacán, México
Conclusions: Divergence between wild and cultivated populations of A. inaequidens reflect artificial selection. A. hookeri is similar to the cultivated A. inaequidens, which supports the hypothesis that A. hookeri could be the extreme of a domestication gradient of a species complex. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 16, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Carmen FigueredoAlejandro CasasPatricia Colunga-GarcíaMarínJafet NassarAntonio González-Rodríguez Source Type: research

Morphological variation, management and domestication of 'maguey alto' (Agave inaequidens) and 'maguey manso' (A. hookeri) in Michoacan, Mexico
Conclusions: Divergence between wild and cultivated populations of A. inaequidens reflect artificial selection. A. hookeri is similar to the cultivated A. inaequidens, which supports the hypothesis that A. hookeri could be the extreme of a domestication gradient of a species complex. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 16, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Carmen FigueredoAlejandro CasasPatricia Colunga-GarcíaMarínJafet NassarAntonio González-Rodríguez Source Type: research

Common opossum (Didelphis marsupialis Linnaeus, 1758): food and medicine for people in the Amazon
Conclusions: D. marsupialis is an important source of protein for riverine communities in the region studied. Its fat is used as a traditional medicine and it is indicated for many types of diseases. Although the species concerned is treated with hostility in various Brazilian regions, in the case of Abaetetuba this animal is strongly prized due to the good quality of its meat. However, despite the value assigned to the species, its consumption should be the subject of further studies, as this marsupial species has been described as a reservoir for parasites that cause severe diseases. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 10, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Flávio BarrosPierre de Aguiar Azevedo Source Type: research

Distribution, abundance and traditional management of Agave potatorum in the Tehuacán Valley, Mexico: bases for sustainable use of non-timber forest products
Conclusions: Strategies for protecting particular populations, temporal substitution of agave species for mescal production, implementation of restoration and organization for fear commerce are needed for improving sustainable use of A. potatorum. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: América Delgado-LemusAlejandro CasasOswaldo Téllez Source Type: research

Distribution, abundance and traditional management of Agave potatorum in the Tehuacan Valley, Mexico: bases for sustainable use of non-timber forest products
Conclusions: Strategies for protecting particular populations, temporal substitution of agave species for mescal production, implementation of restoration and organization for fear commerce are needed for improving sustainable use of A. potatorum. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: América Delgado-LemusAlejandro CasasOswaldo Téllez Source Type: research

Ethnobotany in Rayones, Nuevo León, México
Conclusions: Knowing their medicinal uses is an important issue for the people of Rayones. Boiling and preparing infusions are the main ways of using plants by residents. The leaves, the branches, and the fruits are the most commonly used parts. Almost 18% of the flora is used for wood and construction purposes. Several uses such as cosmetic, shampoo, firming skin tonics and health hair products recorded in Rayones has not been reported for other areas in the state of Nuevo Leon. In Rayones, women have a greater knowledge about plants and their uses than men, particularly, medicinal plants, but, men have a greater knowledg...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 1, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Eduardo Estrada-CastillónMiriam Garza-LópezJosé Villarreal-QuintanillaMaría Salinas-RodríguezBrianda Soto-MataHumberto González-RodríguezDino González-UribeIsrael Cantú-SilvaArtemio Carrillo-ParraCésar Cantú-Ayala Source Type: research

Medicinal plants in the cultural landscape of a Mapuche-Tehuelche community in arid Argentine Patagonia: an eco-sensorial approach
Conclusions: Hebal landscape perceived by the community exhibits notable eco sensorial and spatial heterogeneity. Local inhabitants' sensorial interpretations play a role as heuristic tools in the recreation and redefinition of old and new available resources. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - August 26, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Soledad MolaresAna Ladio Source Type: research

Traditional uses of plants in a rural community of Mozambique and possible links with Miombo degradation and harvesting sustainability
Conclusions: This study shows that the communities investigated rely heavily on local forest products for their daily subsistence requirements in food, firewood/charcoal and building materials. However, over-exploitation and destructive collection seem to threaten the survival of some of the woody species used. A sustainable approach including the involvement of local communities in the management of woody species is recommended. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - July 23, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Piero BruschiMatteo ManciniElisabetta MattioliMichela MorgantiMaria Adele Signorini Source Type: research

Ritual uses of palms in traditional medicine in sub-Saharan Africa: a review
Palms (Arecaceae) are prominent elements in African traditional medicines. It is, however, a challenge to find detailed information on the ritual use of palms, which are an inextricable part of African medicinal and spiritual systems. This work reviews ritual uses of palms within African ethnomedicine. We studied over 200 publications on uses of African palms and found information about ritual uses in 26 of them. At least 12 palm species in sub-Saharan Africa are involved in various ritual practices: Borassus aethiopum, Cocos nucifera, Dypsis canaliculata, D. fibrosa, D. pinnatifrons, Elaeis guineensis, Hyphaene coriacea, ...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - July 23, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Marta GrucaTinde van AndelHenrik Balslev Source Type: research

Ethnobotanical and economic value of Ravenala madagascariensis Sonn. in Eastern Madagascar
Conclusions: Ravenala madagascariensis is very important to the Ambalabe communities because for local population, it represents the Betsimisaraka cultural and traditional use of the plant for house building. Moreover, none of its parts are discarded. The harvest and sale of R. madagascariensis for building materials can also provide an additional source of income to the family. Besides, using Ravenala in house construction reduces the use of slow growing trees and contributes to the sustainable use of natural forest resources. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - July 15, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Nivo RakotoariveloAina RazanatsimaFortunat RakotoarivonyLucien RasoavietyAro RamarosandratanaVololoniaina JeannodaAlyse KuhlmanArmand RandrianasoloRainer Bussmann Source Type: research

Anti-mosquito plants as an alternative or incremental method for malaria vector control among rural communities of Bagamoyo District, Tanzania
Conclusion: This survey has indicated some knowledge gap among community members in managing mosquito vectors using plant. The communities need a basic health education and sensitization for effective exploitation of this valuable tool for reducing mosquitoes and associated disease burdens. On the other hand, the government of Tanzania should strengthen advocacy of botanical pesticides development, registration and regulation for public health benefits because they are source of pest control tools people rely on them. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - July 11, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Ester InnocentAhmed HassanaliWilliam KisinzaPrince MutalemwaStephen MagesaEdmund Kayombo Source Type: research

Ethnotaxonomy of birds by the inhabitants of Pedra Branca Village, Santa Teresinha municipality, Bahia state, Brazil
Conclusions: The ethno-ornithological research in Pedra Branca Village has contributed with new information on popular nomenclature of birds and their etymology, showing that folk knowledge on birds is conveyed within the community. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - July 10, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Ana Galvagne LossEraldo Costa NetoCaio MachadoFernando Flores Source Type: research

¿Shark is the man!¿: ethnoknowledge of Brazil¿s South Bahia fishermen regarding shark behaviors
Conclusions: This work demonstrates the complexity and robustness of artisanal fishermen's ichthyological knowledge of sharks. Therefore, we suggest that such knowledge should be considered to develop public policies for the control of the fishing activity, as well as to develop and consolidate the National Action Plan for the Conservation of Shark and Ray Species (PAN - Tubaroes e Raias). (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - July 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Márcio Luiz Barbosa-FilhoAlexandre SchiavettiDaniela AlarconEraldo Costa-Neto Source Type: research

Vulnerability and risk management of Agave species in the Tehuacán Valley, México
Background: Our study analysed the vulnerability of the useful Agave species of the Tehuacán Valley, Mexico, considering ecological, cultural and economic aspects, and management types. We hypothesized that management intensity is proportional to the degree of risk of a species in order to decrease its vulnerability. Methods: Distribution of Agave species was monitored in 36 types of plant associations. Ethnobotanical studies were conducted in 13 villages and six markets. The vulnerability of each species was calculated by assigning risk values to the variables analysed. The vulnerability and management intensity in...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - July 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: América Delgado-LemusIgnacio TorresJosé BlancasAlejandro Casas Source Type: research

Losing fat, gaining treatments: the use of biomedicine as a cure for folk illnesses in the Andes
Conclusions: In comparison to other folk illnesses that involve spiritual beings, those who fall ill from a kharisiri attack lose physical elements (fat and blood) rather than their soul (animo) or becoming ill due to a misbalance in reciprocal relations--either with humans or non-human beings such as Pachamama. Because the kharisiri is typically a stranger to the victim, the Andean concept of reciprocity appears to be irrelevant in terms of preventing and treating attacks. The association between kharisiris, biomedicine, and exploitation may also play a role in the use of biomedical pills. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - July 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Amy BlaisdellCecilie Vindal Ødegaard Source Type: research

Vulnerability and risk management of Agave species in the Tehuacan Valley, Mexico
Background: Our study analysed the vulnerability of the useful Agave species of the Tehuacan Valley, Mexico, considering ecological, cultural and economic aspects, and management types. We hypothesized that management intensity is proportional to the degree of risk of a species in order to decrease its vulnerability. Methods: Distribution of Agave species was monitored in 36 types of plant associations. Ethnobotanical studies were conducted in 13 villages and six markets. The vulnerability of each species was calculated by assigning risk values to the variables analysed. The vulnerability and management intensity indexes w...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - July 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: América Delgado-LemusIgnacio TorresJosé BlancasAlejandro Casas Source Type: research

"Shark is the man!": ethnoknowledge of Brazil's South Bahia fishermen regarding shark behaviors
Conclusions: This work demonstrates the complexity and robustness of artisanal fishermen's ichthyological knowledge of sharks. Therefore, we suggest that such knowledge should be considered to develop public policies for the control of the fishing activity, as well as to develop and consolidate the National Action Plan for the Conservation of Shark and Ray Species (PAN - Tubaroes e Raias). (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - July 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Márcio Luiz Vargas FilhoAlexandre SchiavettiDaniela AlarconEraldo Medeiros Neto Source Type: research

Local ecological knowledge of the artisanal fishers on Epinephelus itajara (Lichtenstein, 1822) (Teleostei: Epinephelidae) on Ilhéus coast ¿ Bahia State, Brazil
Conclusions: Integration of LEK with scientific knowledge is an efficient strategy for the conservation of endangered species, as it provides important additional biological information that can be used in the process of participative and sustainable management of marine resources. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - June 25, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Harildon FerreiraGil Reuss-StrenzelJohnatas AlvesAlexandre Schiavetti Source Type: research

Food flora in 17th century northeast region of Brazil in Historia Naturalis Brasiliae
Conclusions: Finally, this study makes information about plants consumed in the past accessible, aiming to provide material for studies that could develop new food products today. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - June 25, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Maria MedeirosUlysses Albuquerque Source Type: research

Local ecological knowledge of the artisanal fishers on Epinephelus itajara (Lichtesntein, 1822) (Teleostei: epinephelidae) in Ilheus coast - Bahia State, Brazil
Conclusions: Integration of LEK with scientific knowledge is an efficient strategy for the conservation of endangered species, as it provides important additional biological information that can be used in the process of participative and sustainable management of marine resources. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - June 25, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Harildon FerreiraGil Reuss-StrenzelJohnatas AlvesAlexandre Schiavetti Source Type: research

Non-codified traditional medicine practices from Belgaum Region in Southern India: present scenario
Conclusion: Patrilineal transfer of the knowledge to younger generation was observed in Belgaum region. The observed resemblance in disease diagnosis, plant collection and processing between non-codified traditional system of medicine and Ayurveda require further methodical studies to establish the relationship between the two on a more objective basis. However, the practice appears to be at crossroads with threat of extinction, because of non-inheritance of the knowledge and non-availability of medicinal plants. Hence conservation strategies for both knowledge and resources at societal, scientific and legislative levels a...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - June 16, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Vinayak UpadhyaHarsha HegdeShripad BhatSanjiva Kholkute Source Type: research

Evaluating different methods used in ethnobotanical and ecological studies to record plant biodiversity
Conclusion: It was concluded that the inventory interview was the most efficient method for recording species and their uses, as it allowed more plants to be identified in their original environment. To optimize researchers' time in future studies, the use of the point-centered quarter method rather than the sample plot method is recommended. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - June 10, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Henrique Costa SilvaRinaldo Luiz CaracioloLuiz MarangonMarcelo RamosLucilene SantosUlysses Albuquerque Source Type: research

Use and management of traditional medicinal plants by Maale and Ari ethnic communities in southern Ethiopia
Background: Around 80% of the people of Ethiopia are estimated to be relying on medicinal plants for the treatment of different types of human health problems. The purpose of this study was to describe and analyse the use and management of medicinal plants used for the treatment of human health problems by the Maale and Ari communities in southern Ethiopia. Methods: Quantitative and qualitative ethnobotanical field inquiries and analytical methods including individual and focus group discussions (18), observations, individual interviews (n = 74), preference ranking and paired comparison were used. Data were collected in th...
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - June 4, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Berhane KidaneTinde van AndelLaurentius van der MaesenZemede Asfaw Source Type: research