Central vs peripheral venoarterial ECMO in postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock
AbstractObjectivesCentral or peripheral venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (va ECMO) is widely used in postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock (PCS). Available data suggest controversial results for both types. Our aim was to investigate PCS patients treated with either peripheral (pECMO) or central ECMO (cECMO) concerning their outcome.MethodsBetween April 2006 and October 2016, 156 consecutive patients with va ECMO therapy due to PCS were identified and included in this retrospective analysis. Patients were divided into cECMO and pECMO groups. Statistical analysis of risk factors concerning 30 ‐day mortality of ...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 31, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Ilija Djordjevic, Kaveh Eghbalzadeh, Anton Sabashnikov, Antje ‐Christin Deppe, Elmar Kuhn, Julia Merkle, Carolyn Weber, Borko Ivanov, Ali Ghodsizad, Christian Rustenbach, Christoph Adler, Parwis Rahmanian, Navid Mader, Ferdinand Kuhn‐Regn Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Surgical removal of intravascular leiomyomas with intracardiac extension: A two ‐case report
AbstractLeiomyomatosis is a uterine condition that can rarely present with extrauterine involvement. Intravenous and intracardiac extensions are extremely rare presentations and, in these cases, the intra ‐cardiac mass may be confused with a cardiac myxoma and can be associated with pulmonary embolism. Here we report two cases of successful surgically removed intracardiac leiomyomas under cardiopulmonary bypass. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 31, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Dar ío Andrade, Eric E. Vinck, Laura Niño Torres, Danilo Citarella Tags: SURGICAL TECHNIQUE Source Type: research

Pulmonary infiltration shadows associated with acute aortic dissection mimicking coronavirus pneumonia
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 31, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Azumi Hamasaki, Chizuo Kikuchi, Hiroshi Niinami Tags: IMAGES IN CARDIAC SURGERY Source Type: research

Arterial ‐level repair of transposition of great arteries without coronary artery transfer
We report a case of D‐TGA with a large subpulmonic ventricular septal defect, IAA, and hypoplastic ascending aorta that underwent successful biventricular surgical repair without coronary artery transfer. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 25, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Ahmed A. Elassal, Gaser A. Abdelmohsen, Mohamed S. Elhudairy, Osman O. Al ‐Radi Tags: SURGICAL TECHNIQUE Source Type: research

Cardioplegic storage solution: Is it the guardian of saphenous vein graft endothelium?
ConclusionsCardioplegic storage solutions result in significantly better endothelial preservation compared with conventional heparin ‐enriched blood solutions. The association with superior clinical outcomes remains to be proved. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 25, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Nikolaos A. Papakonstantinou, Alexandros G. Sykaras, Christina Vourlakou, John Goudevenos, Georgios Papadopoulos, Efstratios Apostolakis Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Reply to the article: Nicholas C. Dang, Abbas Ardehali, Brian A. Bruckner, Patrick E. Parrino, Daniel L. Gillen, Rachel W. Hoffman, Russell Spotnitz, Stephanie Cavoores, Ian J. Shorn, Roberto J. Manson, William D. Spotnitz. Prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial evaluating the performance of a novel combination powder vs hemostatic matrix in cardiothoracic operations. J Card Surg. 2019;1 ‐7. DOI: 10.1111/jocs.14376
Journal of Cardiac Surgery, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 25, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Daniel Spazierer, Gerhard Moersdorf Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Comment on: Hybrid off ‐pump coronary artery bypass grafting surgery and transaortic transcatheter aortic valve replacement: Literature review of a feasible bailout for patients with complex coronary anatomy and poor femoral access
Journal of Cardiac Surgery, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 25, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Panagiotis Artemiou, Michal Hulman Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Dual antiplatelet therapy after coronary artery bypass grafting: A safe option after all? Comment on a published meta ‐analysis
Journal of Cardiac Surgery, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 25, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Jo ão N. Rocha‐Gomes, Francisca A. Saraiva, Adelino F. Leite‐Moreira Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Total pulmonary artery replacement with an Avalus ‐Gelweave conduit in a patient with giant pulmonary artery aneurysm with pulmonary regurgitation
ConclusionsA bioprosthetic aortic valve can be used in a pulmonary position to achieve a good gradient and avoid long term anticoagulation therapy. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 17, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Qi Qian, Senthil Kumar Subbian, Theo Kofidis Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Acceleration ‐induced acute type A aortic dissection in the sky: 10‐year follow‐up
AbstractAcute aortic dissection is uncommon, but can turn into a fatal disease if not managed quickly. A 49 ‐year‐old male fighter pilot presented to us after sudden excruciating chest pain during a flight at the moment of an acute spiral down action. A contrast‐enhanced computed tomography angiography showed Stanford type A aortic dissection that required surgical ascending aorta and hemiarch repla cement with uneventful postoperative recovery and 10‐year follow‐up. Here, we presented the first report of a previously healthy pilot developed acute aortic dissection in the sky. Physicians should be aware of such a...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 17, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Jun An, Abdelsalam M. Elhenawy Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Harvest of the right gastroepiploic artery graft using a novel hybrid ultrasonic/bipolar energy device
ConclusionsThis novel device is useful for harvesting skeletonized RGEA. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 17, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Azumi Hamasaki, Tetsuro Uchida, Yoshinori Kuroda, Shuto Hirooka, Mitsuaki Sadahiro Tags: SURGICAL TECHNIQUE Source Type: research

Images in cardiovascular medicine voluminous left main stem to pulmonary artery fistula: A conservative approach
AbstractThe presence of a coronary arteriovenous fistula is almost rare in the adult population, even rare when associated with aortic valve insufficiency. Management and treatment options can vary and depend on a single patient. In our case, a large fistula with a rounded origin started from the roof of the left main stem, just attached to the wall of the aortic root, and finished with a very narrowed end in the pulmonary trunk. Due to its anatomical position and to the potential complications related to a proximal surgical closure as well as the incidental discovery in adult age (without signs or symptoms until the opera...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 17, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Luca Botta, Ciro Amodio, Carlo Savini, Davide Pacini Tags: IMAGES IN CARDIAC SURGERY Source Type: research

Aortic morphology post type A acute aortic syndrome: Prognosis significance and association with 24 ‐hour blood pressure‐monitoring parameters
AbstractBackgroundAfter an emergent surgery for type A acute aortic syndrome, medical management is based on optimal blood pressure (BP) control. We assessed the prognostic significance of BP monitoring and its relationship with aortic morphology following type A acute aortic syndrome.MethodsThe data of 120 patients who underwent BP monitoring after a type A acute aortic syndrome from January 2005 to June 2016 were retrospectively collected. The first CT angiogram performed after surgery was used for the morphological analysis.ResultsThe population included 79 males, with an overall mean age of 60  ± 1...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 17, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Pascal Delsart, J érôme Soquet, Nassima Ramdane, Charline Ramond, Agnes Mugnier, Natacha Rousse, Guillaume Ledieu, Antoine Bical, Valentin Loobuyck, Bruno Jegou, Thomas Modine, Ilir Hysi, Olivier Fabre, Francis Juthier, Andre Vincentelli, Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Robotic mitral valve repair in a type B hemophiliac
We present the case of a young male with hemophilia B who was diagnosed with severe symptomatic mitral regurgitation and underwent successful robotic mitral valve repair. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a patient with hemophilia B who underwent robotic mitral valve repair . (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 17, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Vanessa M. Miller, Panos N. Vardas, James E. Davies, Clifton T. Lewis Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Sodium nitroprusside versus nicardipine for hypertension management after surgery: A systematic review and meta ‐analysis
ConclusionNicardipine and sodium nitroprusside have similar abilities in reducing afterload in the postoperative cardiac population. Statistically significant differences were found in pulmonary artery pressure and cardiac index. It may be beneficial to consider nicardipine for afterload reduction in patients with a low cardiac index. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 17, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Enrique G. Villarreal, Saul Flores, Connor Kriz, Niki Iranpour, Ronald A. Bronicki, Rohit S. Loomba Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Long ‐term follow‐up after Bentall operation using a stentless Shelhigh NR‐2000 bio‐conduit
ConclusionsIn our experience, Bentall's operation using the Shelhigh NR ‐2000 stentless bio‐conduit provided satisfactory early and long‐term results. However, our findings are not consistent with unfavorable long‐term outcomes following the implantation of this device reported by other authors. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 17, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Guglielmo Stefanelli, Fabrizio Pirro, Andrea Macchione, Alessandro Bellisario, Luca Weltert Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The relationship between neurocognitive decline and the heart ‐lung machine
AbstractSurgery involving the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has long been associated with cerebral changes and may also contribute to adverse neurocognitive outcomes. However, there is a debate as to whether bypass itself is responsible for these changes. We conducted a systematic literature review on PubMed, supplementing our work with recent articles from other sources to examine the current evidence on neurocognitive decline associated with CPB. While surgeries involving CPB appear to be associated with cerebral changes and potentially with neurocognitive decline, it is unclear as to whether decline is related to ...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 17, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Christina L. Tamargo, Mousa Botros, Radu V. Saveanu Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

Radiofrequency ablation for the  pre‐excitation syndrome of functionally corrected transposition of great arteries
We reported a 57 ‐year‐old female patient who had functionally corrected transposition of the great arteries, severe tricuspid insufficiency, enlarged left atrium and functional right ventricle, which were successfully performed radiofrequency ablation. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 17, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Jun Li, Haixiong Wang, Yanqing Guo Tags: IMAGES IN CARDIAC SURGERY Source Type: research

Meta ‐analysis of results of subvalvular repair for severe ischemic mitral regurgitation
AbstractBackground and Aim of the StudyThe aim of this meta ‐analysis was to compare short‐ and long‐term outcomes of patients undergoing mitral annuloplasty (MA) with or without papillary muscle surgery (PMS) for the treatment of ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR).MethodsA systematic review and meta ‐analysis in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta‐Analyses (PRISMA) statement were performed.ResultsNine studies met the inclusion criteria. This meta ‐analysis identified 478 patients: 228 patients underwent MA alone and 250 patients underwent concomitant PMS. Early m...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 16, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Massimo Meco, Antonio Lio, Andrea Montisci, Paolo Panisi, Matteo Ferrarini, Antonio Miceli, Mattia Glauber Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

Detailed mechanism of aortic valve stenosis following heart transplantation
Journal of Cardiac Surgery, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 16, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Teruhiko Imamura Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Do all patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction need temporary mechanical support at the time of coronary artery bypass surgery?
Journal of Cardiac Surgery, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 16, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Naoto Fukunaga, Vivek Rao Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Transthoracic echocardiography and computerized tomography for surgically confirmed late tamponade after cardiac surgery: Methodological issues on diagnostic value and prediction
Journal of Cardiac Surgery, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 16, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Mehdi Naderi, Siamak Sabour Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Valve ‐in‐valve transcatheter aortic valve replacement in the context of infective endocarditis: A word of caution
Journal of Cardiac Surgery, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 16, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Sam Mann, Amir S. Fathi, Jason M. Ali Tags: RESPONSE TO LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Cardiocutaneous fistula 15 years postcardiac surgery: A real challenge
We present the successful treatment of a 58 ‐year‐old female who developed a CF extending from the left ventricular apex into the left breast related to mitral valve replacement 15 years ago. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 16, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Georgios Dimitrakakis, Malgorzata Kornaszewska, Indu Deglurkar Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Quadricuspid pulmonary valve: Is that a matter?
Journal of Cardiac Surgery, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 16, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Marco Gennari, Giorgio Mastroiacovo, Gianluca Polvani Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Valve ‐in‐valve transcatheter aortic valve replacement for degenerative prosthetic valve endocarditis
Journal of Cardiac Surgery, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 16, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Jelani K. Grant, Joao Braghiroli Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

A four ‐leaf clover: A case report of quadricuspid aortic valve stenosis
ConclusionThis case demonstrates that QAV stenosis can be treated using TAVI with good clinical outcomes. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 16, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Henri Benkemoun, Peter Bramlage, Marc Beaufigeau Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Institutional experience of healthy pediatric patients presenting with atrial fibrillation who had an electrophysiology study
ConclusionsAdult risk factors of male predominance and obesity were seen in pediatric AF patients, while left atrial enlargement was not. Twenty ‐one percent of the pediatric AF patients who had additional electrophysiologic substrates and successful ablations resulted in no further clinical episodes of AF. This suggests that pediatric patients presenting with AF might benefit from an EPS as part of a complete evaluation. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 16, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: William B. Orr, Chad Stanley, Aarti Dalal, Bridget Zoeller, George F. Van Hare, Jennifer N. Avari Silva Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Interventional approach to giant coronary aneurysms: What about surgical revascularization?
Journal of Cardiac Surgery, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 16, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Ahmet G üner, Ezgi Gültekin Güner, Ali Kemal Kalkan, Cemalettin Akman, Fatih Uzun Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Secondary tracheal distortion in an adult patient after therapy for diphtheria at childhood
We report a rare case of difficult intubation because of trachea deformation after therapy for diphtheria and subsequent tracheostomy at childhood. The patient was admitted to be subjected to a Bentall procedure, because of ascending aorta dilatation. With a detailed preanesthetic assessment and simulation for intubation by using three ‐dimensional technology, he was successfully intubated and the operation was accomplished uneventfully. 3D‐printed models of the difficult airway enhance imaging of difficult anatomy, assist in simulation and management of potentially problematic intubation, and can be a valuable tool wh...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 12, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Theophani Antoniou, Kyrillos Papadopoulos, Stamatina Kampanarou, Panagiotis Ftikos, Konstantinos Perreas, Kassiani Theodoraki Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

The impact of intravenous opioid shortages on postoperative pain control in a pediatric cardiac intensive care unit
ConclusionPain management was better controlled immediately postoperatively in 2018 compared with 2017, but the pain was better controlled for the duration of the postoperative period in 2017. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 12, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Taylor A. Barnes, Han X. Feng, Nicole A. Herrera, Laura A. Leathers Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Prognostic impact of baseline C ‐reactive protein levels on mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation
AbstractObjectivesTo determine whether baseline C ‐reactive protein (CRP) levels can predict mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), we performed a meta‐analysis of currently available studies.MethodsAll studies investigating the prognostic impact of baseline (preprocedural) CRP levels on all ‐cause mortality after TAVI were identified by means of searching PubMed and Google Scholar through May 2019. For each study, (preferentially, adjusted rather than unadjusted) odds/hazard ratios (ORs/HRs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals of mortality per standard‐deviation (SD) (or un it) inc...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 12, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Hisato Takagi, Toshiki Kuno, Yosuke Hari, Kouki Nakashima, Yujiro Yokoyama, Hiroki Ueyama, Tomo Ando, ALICE (All ‐Literature Investigation of Cardiovascular Evidence) Group Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Long ‐term results of aortic arch reconstruction with branch pulmonary artery homograft patches
ConclusionsHomograft patches harvested from PA branches are an effective reconstructive material used for reconstruction of the aorta in small children. Long ‐term results show no risk of aneurysm formation and low rates of stenosis formation. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 12, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Michael J. Lewis, Jens Johansson Ramgren, Anna Hallbergson, Petru Liuba, Gunnar Sj öberg, Torsten Malm Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information Page
Journal of Cardiac Surgery, Volume 35, Issue 3, Page 519-523, March 2020. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 7, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION PAGE Source Type: research

Utilizing the index for mortality prediction after cardiac transplantation risk score to predict hospital resource consumption
AbstractObjectiveThe index for mortality prediction after cardiac transplantation (IMPACT) risk score incorporates 12 preoperative recipient ‐specific variables, and has been validated as an accurate predictor of short‐ and long‐term mortality after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHTx). We believe it can also be used to predict hospital costs, and we hypothesize that higher preoperative IMPACT risk scores are associated with inc reased hospital resource consumption.MethodsAll OHTx patients ≥18 years of age at our institution were reviewed from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2014. Total index hospitalization cost...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 4, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Eric I. Jeng, David J. Hall, Juan Vilaro, Paul Lipori, Alex Parker, Mustafa Ahmed, Juan M. Aranda, Tomas D. Martin, Thomas M. Beaver, George J. Arnaoutakis Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Ross operation 23 years after surgery: It should not be a “forgotten” option
DiscussionRoss operation provides excellent hemodynamic results while avoiding long ‐term anticoagulation and might constitute a valid adjunct in selected categories such as young or endocarditis patients. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 4, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Francesco Nappi, Sanjeet Singh Avtaar Singh, Cristiano Spadaccio, Christophe Acar Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Is two ‐staged repair for truncus arteriosus type A3 unpractical?
Conclusions: We considered the two ‐stage approach was sensible in this particular patient. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 4, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Shinya Yokoyama, Ryohei Fukuba, Kazuhiro Mitani, Rei Tonomura, Hideki Uemura Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Surgical treatment for saphenous vein graft aneurysm without redo sternotomy
ConclusionIn patients with an SVGA anastomosed to the right coronary system, our surgical strategy may be a useful alternative to redo sternotomy to avoid injury to the patent graft. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 4, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Kentaro Akabane, Tetsuro Uchida, Tomonori Ochiai, Shuto Hirooka, Cholsu Kim, Hideaki Uchino, Takao Shimanuki, Mitsuaki Sadahiro Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Surgical mitral plasticity for chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation
ConclusionsMitral plasticity, if uncomplete, is ineffective in preventing IMR to become significant. Surgical mitral plasticity, by completing incomplete process of MV adaptation, has a strong rationale, which however needs to be validated with longer follow ‐up. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 4, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Antonio M. Calafiore, Antonio Totaro, Vincenzo De Amicis, Piero Pelini, Giovanni Pinna, Nicola Testa, Juan J. Alfonso, Valerio Mazzei, Cosimo Sacra, Mario Gaudino, Michele Di Mauro Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

David's procedure for pulmonary artery aneurysm
We present a 39 ‐year‐old female idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension patient with a giant PAA causing severe pulmonary regurgitation (PR) and symptomatic left main coronary artery compression (LMCA). Since she had a failed LMCA stenting attempt, she underwent surgery. A valve‐sparing David‐like pulmo nary trunk reconstruction and coronary artery bypass were performed. This case illustrates that David‐like reconstruction procedure can be applied to the PAA with severe PR. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 1, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Renda Circi, Emre Boysan, Bulent Behlul Altunkeser, Nazif Aygul, Kumral Cagli, Kerim Cagli, Erol Sener Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Traumatic tricuspid valve regurgitation: A challenging case report
We present the case of a 26 ‐year‐old male patient with traumatic TR who underwent tricuspid valve repair, with an initial satisfactory result. Later, the onset of acute severe residual TR was observed and the valve needed to be replaced. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment for traumatic TR, either in the form of repair o r replacement. It requires an early diagnosis and concomitant treatment of injuries. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 1, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Vincenzo Caruso, Usman Shah, Sudhir Bhusari Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Endograft and external cinch to control hemorrhage in acute type A aortic dissection
We present the case of a 49 ‐year‐old man with acute type I AD, who initially underwent zone 2 arch replacement for a primary arch tear. A calcified ductus arteriosus was noted during arch reconstruction. He exhibited exsanguinating hemorrhage from the proximal descending thoracic aorta upon an initial attempt to wean off cardiopulmonary bypass. Hemostasis was achieved with retrograde transfemoral thoracic endovascular aortic repair and transmediastinal external cinch around the descending aorta to obliterate false lumen flow. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 1, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Aalekhya Tenali, Dean J. Arnaoutakis, Tomas D. Martin, Thomas M. Beaver, George J. Arnaoutakis Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Bovine jugular vein valved xenograft for extracardiac total cavo ‐pulmonary connection: The risk of thrombosis and the potential liver protection effect
AbstractBackgroundCurrently, non ‐valved conduits are preferred for extracardiac total cavo‐pulmonary connection (TCPC). However, previous work has failed to provide objective data comparing the postoperative outcome between non‐valved TCPCs and bovine jugular vein valved xenograft (BJV) TCPCs. Hence, the objective of this st udy is to compare the postoperative outcomes in extracardiac TCPC patients who received BJV vs synthetic non‐valved conduits and evaluate the effect of BJV on liver fibrosis.MethodsOf 206 patients who had extracardiac TCPC from 2002 to 2017 were divided into three groups. Group A (n  =&...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - March 1, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Mohamed F. Ismail, Ahmed F. Elmahrouk, Amr A. Arafat, Tamer E. Hamouda, Azzahra Edrees, Abdulbadee Bogis, Amin M. Arfi, Ahmed M. Dohain, Abdullah Alkhattabi, Ahmed W. Alharbi, Mohammad S. Shihata, Osman O. Al ‐Radi, Jameel A. Al‐Ata, Ahme Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Mitral valve prosthesis choice in patients < 70 years: A systematic review and meta ‐analysis of 20 219 patients
AbstractBackgroundThe optimal mitral prosthesis in young patients is unclear. This systematic review and meta ‐analysis were performed to compare outcomes between bileaflet mechanical mitral valve replacement (mMVR) and bioprosthesis mitral valve replacement (bioMVR) for MVR patients aged less than 70 years.MethodsWe searched MEDLINE and EMBASE databases from inception to July 2018 for studies comparing surgical outcomes of mMVR vs bioMVR.ResultsThere were 14 observational studies with 20  219 patients (n = 14 658 mMVR and n = 5561 bioMVR). Patients receiving an mMVR were younger...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - February 28, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Bobby Yanagawa, Jessica Lee, Maral Ouzounian, Akshay Bagai, Asim Cheema, Subodh Verma, Jan O. Friedrich, on behalf of the Canadian Cardiovascular Surgery Meta ‐Analysis Working Group Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Temporary left ventricular assist devices as a bridge to heart transplantation
ConclusionsThis study demonstrates that most patients waitlisted with a T ‐LVAD are successfully bridged to durable therapy or recover, and those bridged to OHT have acceptable posttransplant outcomes, particularly when T‐RVADs are not required. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - February 28, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Laura Seese, Gavin Hickey, Mary E. Keebler, Michael A. Mathier, Ibrahim Sultan, Thomas G. Gleason, Yisi Wang, Arman Kilic Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Evolution of ventricular function in children with permanent right ventricular pacing after tetralogy of Fallot repair: A midterm follow ‐up
AbstractObjectiveWe aim to evaluate the midterm effect of chronic apical right ventricular (RV) pacing on right and left ventricular (LV) function using different modalities of echocardiography including conventional echocardiography, tissue Doppler imaging and two ‐dimension speckle tracking echocardiography.MethodsThis case ‐control study enrolled 49 patients divided into two groups: a paced group and a nonpaced group. The paced group included 23 patients that underwent tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair and required permanent pacemaker insertion for postoperative complete heart block. The nonpaced group included 26 pa...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - February 28, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Mortada El ‐Shabrawi, Wael Lotfy, Ranya Hegazy, Osama Abdelaziz, Rodina Sobhy, Gaser Abdelmohsen, Hossam Ibrahim, Ahmed M. Dohain Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

An unknown mass on the cardiac surface with huge coronary aneurysm and fistula: A case report
AbstractCardiac mass is rare in the clinic and can be primary or secondary. It is quite rare to find a mass only on the cardiac surface. Today we report a patient with a cardiac mass grown on the cardiac surface and also had a coronary aneurysm combined a coronary fistula, pathology examination showed that the mass was not a tumor but an aneurysm with thrombosis. This is the first time that a primary thrombus discovered on the surface of the heart. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - February 28, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Yefan Jiang, Jinjie Chen, Geng Li, Nianguo Dong Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Three ‐dimensional printing for surgical planning of a double aortic arch case
Conclusion3D printed models can be helpful in surgical planning of congenital heart malformations. It should be strongly considered as an additional tool in complex cases. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - February 28, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Luigi Arcieri, Bastien Provost, Philippe Charbonneau, Emmanuelle Fournier, Sebastien Hascoet, Emanuel Le Bret Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Solo Smart stentless bioprosthesis for extensive aortic annular defects caused by infective endocarditis
ConclusionThe supra ‐annular aortic valve replacement using the Solo Smart valve is considered to be a useful alternative to standard aortic valve replacement in patients complicated with extensive annular defect. It is a simple and technically less demanding alternative to ARR or aortic valve translocation technique . (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - February 28, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tetsuro Uchida, Yoshinori Kuroda, Atsushi Yamashita, Shingo Nakai, Kimihiro Kobayashi, Mitsuaki Sadahiro Tags: SURGICAL TECHNIQUE Source Type: research

Access to extracorporeal life support as a quality metric: Lessons from trauma
AbstractBackgroundAccess to centers with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) capabilities varies by region and may affect overall outcomes. We assessed the outcomes of trauma patients requiring ECMO support and compared the overall survival of all patients with trauma at facilities with and without ECMO capabilities.MethodsA retrospective review of the National Trauma Data Bank was performed to identify all trauma patients receiving care at ECMO and non ‐ECMO centers. Baseline patient characteristics and outcomes were analyzed. Adjusted odds ratio (OR) was used to compare survival at ECMO and non‐ECMO facilities...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - February 28, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Akbarshakh Akhmerov, Raymond Huang, Kjirsten Carlson, Navpreet K. Dhillon, Eric J. Ley, Daniel R. Margulies, Danny Ramzy, Galinos Barmparas Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research