Diagnostic Yield of Electromagnetic Navigation Bronchoscopy Using a Curved-tip Catheter to Aid in the Diagnosis of Pulmonary Lesions
Conclusions: This study suggests that the curved-tip catheter is a useful modality for diagnosing peripheral pulmonary lesions with ENB. The diagnostic yield of ENB using this catheter was superior to that reported in other studies utilizing straight catheters. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Intrabronchial Voriconazole is a Safe and Effective Measure for Hemoptysis Control in Pulmonary Aspergilloma
Conclusion: Intrabronchial voriconazole instillation seems to be a safe and effective modality for hemoptysis control in pulmonary aspergilloma. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Management of Foreign Body Removal in Children by Flexible Bronchoscopy
Conclusion: In an optimized clinical setting, flexible bronchoscopy can be regarded as a feasible procedure to remove airway FB through a laryngeal mask. Short-term and long-term outcome is favorable. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Hippocrates Quoted “If an Empyema Does Not Rupture, Death Will Occur”: Is Medical Thoracoscopy Able to Make It Rupture Safely?
Conclusion: It seems that S-MT is a minimally invasive, safe and effective procedure for the treatment of pleural empyema with very good results in early stages of the disease and reduced time of hospital stay. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Diagnostic Yield and Complications of EBUS-TBNA Performed Under Bronchoscopist-directed Conscious Sedation: Single Center Experience of 1004 Subjects
Conclusion: EBUS-TBNA/EUS-B-FNA performed under bronchoscopist-guided conscious sedation was found to be safe and is associated with a reasonable diagnostic yield. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Bronchoscopist-guided Sedation in EBUS-TBNA: Can the Pitcher Also be a Hitter?
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

“Noninterventional Pulmonology”: Birth of a New Subspecialty With Emergence of Interventional Pulmonology
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Spontaneous Pneumothorax Complicating Chronic Hepatic Hydrothorax: Successful Treatment by Small Bore Chest Tube
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Bite Block for Interventional Pulmonology: Novelty at No Cost
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Glue in Hemoptysis
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Formation of Obstructive Fibrinous Pseudomembrane Following Self-Expanding Metallic Airway Stent Placement
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Endobronchial Silicosis and Tuberculosis Presenting as the Right Middle Lobe Syndrome
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Dislodgement of Radial EBUS-Guide Sheath Radiopaque Cuff: A Rare Complication
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Intractable Pneumothorax Treated With Endobronchial Watanabe Spigots
Pneumothorax secondary to nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease is often intractable and associated with high mortality. An endobronchial Watanabe spigot (EWS) is a silicon plug developed for bronchoscopic bronchial occlusion. Here we report a case of intractable pneumothorax secondary to nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease successfully treated using EWSs. Occlusion of the multiple ectatic bronchi connected to the bronchopleural fistula was essential for optimal effect of the EWSs. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Primary Laryngotracheal Amyloidosis With Bilateral Vocal Cord Involvement and Associated Bronchiectasis
We present a patient with the primary (AL) form of localized laryngotracheal amyloidosis with pre-existing bronchiectasis, and also review the existing literature on this disease. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Thoracic Extramedullary Hematopoiesis Mimicking Metastatic Cancer
We describe the bronchoscopic management of a case of EMH presenting as a mediastinal mass, mimicking malignancy. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Bronchoscopic Multimodal Management of Tracheal Neurofibroma
Neurofibromas involving airways are rare and their management is usually surgical. Herein, we report the case of an endotracheal polypoid neurofibroma successfully treated by multimodal interventional bronchoscopy and cryotherapy. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Diagnosing Hodgkin Lymphoma From an Endobronchial Ultrasound Core Needle Biopsy
We present a case of HL presenting as isolated mediastinal adenopathy that was definitively diagnosed on EBUS using a 22 G coring needle in which cellular and histologic specimens were obtained, allowing the core biopsy to be fixed in formalin and treated as a surgical specimen. The patient started treatment soon after the procedure without requiring any further invasive tests. Although it seems intuitive that a coring EBUS needle would be advantageous in diseases such as HL, further studies are needed before definitive recommendations can be made. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Temporary Endobronchial Stent as a Bridge to Corrective Surgery For Severe Kyphoscoliosis-associated Central-Airway Extrinsic Compression
Kyphoscoliosis is known to compromise lung function, with the primary mechanism being reduced chest wall compliance with a resultant restrictive pulmonary physiology. Severe scoliosis can also cause extrinsic compression of the central airways, leading to recurrent respiratory infections, lobar atelectasis, and potentially acute respiratory failure. Definitive therapy is corrective surgery of the spine. However, patients with severe scoliosis are at a potentially high risk of perioperative pulmonary complications. To our knowledge, we report the first successful use of retrievable endobronchial stents as a bridge to correc...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Hemothorax After Endobronchial Ultrasound-guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration
In this report, we describe a case of hemothorax after endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in a patient with a right upper lobe mass. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Unilateral Emphysema in Infancy, a Rare Presentation of Aberrant Bronchial Artery: Case Report and Review of Literature
We report a case of a 1-month-old infant presented with respiratory distress and left lung emphysema. Radiologic investigations and bronchoscopy revealed that the cause is an aberrant left bronchial artery compressing the left main bronchus. Surgical division of the aberrant vessel was performed with gradual improvement of the emphysema and respiratory distress. Unilateral emphysema due to vascular compression was previously reported. However, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of aberrant bronchial artery presenting with external compression of a main bronchus and unilateral emphysema. Also, thi...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Pseudomembranous Tracheobronchitis: A Rare Presentation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infection
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

Incidental Life-Threatening Diagnosis During Endobronchial Ultrasound Bronchoscopy
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

Small Sample Lung Biopsy Findings in Patients With Clinicoradiologic Suspicion of Pulmonary Venoocclusive Disease–Pulmonary Capillary Hemangiomatosis
In conclusion, histopathology of small lung biopsy samples can provide useful corroborative pathologic evidence in patients with clinicoradiologic suspicion of PVOD-PCH. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

EBUS-TBNA and EUS-FNA: Risk Assessment for Patients Receiving Clopidogrel
Conclusions: It is reasonable to proceed with EBUS-TBNA or EUS-FNA when both, (1) clopidogrel cannot be stopped and, (2) an important diagnostic question is at stake. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Congestive Adenopathy: A Mediastinal Sequela of Volume Overload
Background: Endosonography has improved our ability to reach thoracic lymph nodes and to diagnose pathologic conditions with nodal involvement and has lowered the threshold for biopsy. The purpose of this study was to avoid unnecessary procedures, it is important to recognize benign adenopathy. Congestive heart failure (CHF) is both common and a common cause of adenopathy. The purpose of this study was to study the association between CHF and adenopathy and to describe the typical presentation of congestive adenopathy. Methods: We performed a retrospective correlation of computed tomographic (CT) and laboratory findings f...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

CD4/CD8 Ratio in Mediastinal Lymph Nodes Involved by Sarcoidosis: Analysis of Flow Cytometry Data Obtained by Endobronchial Ultrasound-guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration
Conclusion: As in BAL fluid, the CD4/CD8 ratio in mediastinal lymph nodes involved by sarcoid granulomas is highly variable and does not reliably confirm or exclude sarcoidosis. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Teflon Injection into the Trachea Causes Predictable Fibroblastic Response and Collagen Deposition: A Pilot Study
Background: Expiratory central airway collapse is an increasingly recognized abnormality of the central airways and may be present in as many as 22% of patients evaluated for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and/or asthma. Many current treatment options require invasive procedures that have been shown to cause significant morbidity and mortality. To test the hypothesis that Teflon injection will induce sufficient fibroblast proliferation and collagen deposition, we evaluated the time course on the effect of Teflon injection in the posterior membranous trachea on the histopathology of the tracheobronchial tree. Method...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Removal of Self-Expanding Metallic Stents
Conclusions: Removal of SEMS can be done safely. Routine postoperative ventilation and intensive care unit monitoring is not required. In the absence of severe underlying lung disease, patients can safely be discharged if there are no immediate postprocedure complications. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Randomization in Diagnostic and Therapeutic Interventional Pulmonary Trials
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

The When, the How and the Why of Metallic Stent Removal
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Epidemiology and Statistical Pearls for Interventional Pulmonologists: Combining the Tools of the Mind With the Tools of the Trade
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Endobrochial Ultrasound Needle Breakdown During Transbronchial Needle Aspiration
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Endobronchial Diagnosis of a Malignant Mesothelioma
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Endobronchial High-Grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Lung Abscess Causing Airway Obstruction Requiring Temporary Tracheobronchial Stenting
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Endobronchial Valve Migration: A “Whistle Blower”
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

A Curious Case of a Low-Protein Pleural Effusion
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

The American Association for Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology 2016 Research Award Recipient
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Announcement Source Type: research

Endobronchial Ultrasound Bronchoscope Damage
We describe 2 unusual cases of EBUS scope damage. In the first case, the distal black rubber covering of the EBUS scope insertion tube was damaged due to friction with the edge of an endotracheal tube and in the second case, the EBUS scope insertion tube was angulating laterally instead of vertically during the flexion maneuver, probably due to scope manipulation while wedged tightly in a segmental bronchus. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Intrapulmonary Recombinant Factor VII as an Effective Treatment for Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage: A Case Series
Conclusions: Intrapulmonary factor VII is an effective adjunctive treatment for DAH. We achieved treatment success with both smaller and less frequent doses than those described previously. This may be a good therapeutic option for DAH, particularly when standard therapies have failed or bleeding is immediately life threatening. It is possible that intrapulmonary rFVIIa could save costs, while improving the intensive care unit length of stay. Further prospective studies are needed to assess the optimal dose and frequency for adequate therapeutic efficacy. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Development and Assessment of a Low-Cost 3D-printed Airway Model for Bronchoscopy Simulation Training
We report upon the techniques used to create a plastic 3-dimensional-printed bronchoscopy trainer from an actual patient computed tomography scan. The formatting methods to create the printable file, using free open access software, are outlined. The resulting high anatomic fidelity part-task trainer is described, as well as experienced bronchoscopists' perception of its realism and utility as a training tool. A discussion of the current state of knowledge about the role of simulation in bronchoscopy training, as well as the potential contribution of this device, is presented. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Electromagnetic Navigation Bronchoscopy–directed Pleural Tattoo to Aid Surgical Resection of Peripheral Pulmonary Lesions
Conclusions: Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopic dye marking of peripheral lesions is feasible, without complications commonly associated with percutaneous marking procedures. Further experience is required but early findings suggest that this method may have utility in aiding minimally invasive resection of small subpleural lesions. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

How Long Is Too Long? Trials and Tribulations of an Indolent Tumor
A 31-year-old African American man presented for workup of a right hilar and tracheal mass. Stability of the mass when compared with a computed tomographic scan performed 3 years prior suggested an indolent process. On bronchoscopy, there were 2 separate although morphologically similar endobronchial lesions, one in the distal trachea and the second at the level of the right upper lobe bronchus. Biopsies of both lesions demonstrated granular cell tumors. Subsequent rigid bronchoscopy with ablation led to resolution of wheeze, decrease in dyspnea, and documented improvements in both ventilation and perfusion to the right lu...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Novel Multidisciplinary Management of a Retropharyngeal Hematoma With Pulmonary Stenting
Summary: Retropharyngeal hematomas (RHs) represents a rare airway obstruction that requires timely intervention to avoid a fatal outcome. Further complicating this malady, RHs of massive proportions can complicate the decision of management selection. After comprehensive literature search, there has been no mention of pulmonary stenting as an intervention for RH. The following case presentation will demonstrate the importance of multidisciplinary management of a 60-year-old presenting with a RH causing airway obstruction, with the use of a novel approach. Airway stenting is a novel, conservative approach for successfully m...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

A Young Woman With Severe Chest Pain After Undergoing Endobronchial Ultrasound-guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration for a Large Mediastinal Mass
We present a case in which EBUS-TBNA was performed for a definitive diagnosis of cystic lesion in the mediastinum. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Subglottic Hemangioma
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images In Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

Calcified Mediastinal Metastasis of Ovarian Cancer Mimicking Broncholithiasis
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images In Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

Ultrasound-guided Lung Biopsy in the Hands of Respiratory Physicians: Diagnostic Yield and Complications in 215 Consecutive Patients in 3 Centers
Conclusion: US-TTNAB performed by respiratory physicians is a safe procedure with a low risk of complications and the diagnostic yield to establish a malignant diagnosis is acceptable. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Topical Lidocaine Does Not Exaggerate Laryngomalacia in Infants During Flexible Bronchoscopy Under Propofol Anesthesia
Conclusions: The assessment of laryngomalacia is not affected by topical lidocaine under propofol anesthesia. The lidocaine effect on laryngomalacia may vary depending on the medication regime used and the depth of procedural sedation. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - July 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research