Mediastinal Lymphadenitis Due to Nocardia Infection
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Primary Tracheal Melanoma
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Pleural Amyloid as a Cause of Symptomatic Effusion
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Bronchopleural Fistula Closure With Amplatzer Device: Our Case and Reviewing a Decade of Experience
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Pleuroscopy Using Dexmedetomidine in a High-risk Patient
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Unfit for a Single Prism: Procedural Education and Career Development Training
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Career Development Training for Interventional Pulmonary Fellows
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Reduction in Alveolar Macrophage Size in Refractory Autoimmune Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis After Treatment With Pioglitazone
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Research Letter Source Type: research

Tracheobronchial Thrombus in a Combat Wounded Patient With a New Tracheostomy
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

Bronchogenic Gangliocytic Paraganglioma
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Trial on Optimal Sampling Sequence in Radial Guide Sheath Endobronchial Ultrasound Lung Biopsy
Conclusion: The overall rate of a positive R-EBUS procedure was not affected by the initial sampling method or sequence. However, all 3 sampling modalities were more likely to be positive if biopsies were performed first, followed by brushings and washings. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Biodegradable Stents for the Relief of Vascular Bronchial Compression in Children With Left Atrial Enlargement
Conclusion: The use of the polydioxanone biodegradable stent appeared safe in this cohort of critically ill patients with vascular bronchial compression. There use may aid weaning from mechanical ventilation and support eventual cardiac recovery. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Thermoablative Techniques for Excessive Central Airway Collapse: An Ex Vivo Pilot Study on Sheep Tracheal Tissue
Conclusion: Although electrocautery, radiofrequency ablation, potassium titanyl phosphate laser, and APC all induce thermal injury of the airway wall, only APC at high power settings achieves this effect without complete tissue erosion, favoring potential regeneration and fibrosis. Live animal studies are now plausible. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Fluid Infusion Through Chest Tube to Facilitate Pleural Procedures: A Feasibility Study
Conclusion: Fluid infusion through a chest tube is a feasible technique for patients that require a pleural procedure and have minimal fluid after initial pleural drainage. This approach may facilitate pleural procedures, reduce incidence of complications, and expedite the diagnosis and treatment of patients with pleural diseases. Pressure infusers should not be used during this procedure as there is a theoretical increased risk of complications. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Diagnostic Yield and Bleeding Complications Associated With Bronchoscopic Biopsy of Endobronchial Carcinoid Tumors
Conclusion: Bronchoscopic biopsy of endobronchial carcinoid is associated with a high diagnostic yield and severe bleeding is rarely encountered. Diagnostic yield and bleeding seemed independent of vascular tumor appearance or history of recent hemoptysis. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Career Development Training for Interventional Pulmonary Fellows: Are They Ready for the Workforce?
Background: Interventional pulmonary (IP) fellows spend ≥6 years of postgraduate medical education before IP training. Given the high employment attrition rates of early medical professionals, we investigated the IP fellows’ self-assessed readiness for employment and the role of an intense preemployment educational intervention on improving the same. Materials and Methods: Over 2 consecutive academic years, IP fellows nationally were invited to a mid-year career development symposium focusing on employment search strategy and early career development. Attendees were anonymously surveyed presymposium/postsympo...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Ultrasound Evaluation of Hemidiaphragm Function Following Thoracentesis: A Study on Mechanisms of Dyspnea Related to Pleural Effusion
Background: Dyspnea is the major symptom caused by pleural effusion. The pathophysiological pathways leading to dyspnea are poorly understood. Dysfunction of respiratory mechanics may be a factor. We aimed to study the change in diaphragmatic function following thoracentesis. Methods: Patients undergoing thoracentesis at a highly specialized pleural center, underwent ultrasound evaluation of hemidiaphragm movement, before and after thoracentesis was performed. The change was compared to the reduction of dyspnea measured at the modified Borg scale. Results: Thirty-two patients were included. Dyspnea was reduced from...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Rigid Mini-Thoracoscopy Versus Semirigid Thoracoscopy in Undiagnosed Exudative Pleural Effusion: The MINT Randomized Controlled Trial
Background: There is debate regarding the ideal instrument for medical thoracoscopy. The authors compared rigid mini-thoracoscopy with semirigid thoracoscopy for thoracoscopic pleural biopsy. Methods: Consecutive subjects with undiagnosed exudative pleural effusion were randomized (1:1 ratio) to mini-thoracoscopy or semirigid thoracoscopy groups. The primary objective was a comparison of the diagnostic yield of pleural biopsy. Key secondary outcomes were the comparison of sedative/analgesic dose, operator-rated and patient-rated pain on visual analog scale (VAS), operator-rated overall procedural satisfaction (VAS), p...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Bronchoscopy in the Age of COVID-19
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Rigid Mini-Thoracoscopy: The New Kid on the Block
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Bonastent for the Treatment of a Benign Central Airway Obstruction and Persistent Air Leak in a Pediatric Patient
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

A Rare Presentation of Pulmonary Aspergillosis: Bronchial Stump Aspergillosis
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Elastography and Endobronchial Ultrasound in the Study of Hilar and Mediastinal Lymph Nodes: Methodological Issues on Diagnostic Value and Prediction
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Recurrent Pneumomediastinum Treated With Endobronchial Valve Placement After Source Detection by Bilateral Medical Thoracoscopy
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Bronchoscopic Evaluation of Central Airway Involvement in IgG4-related Disease
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Transbronchial Lung Cryobiopsy: A Meticulous Technique
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Multimodal Bronchoscopic Treatment of Unresectable Tracheal Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Multidimensional Precision: Hybrid Mobile 2D/3D C-Arm Assisted Biopsy of Peripheral Lung Nodules
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Research Letter Source Type: research

A “Tracheal Bridge”: An Unusual Presentation of Posttracheostomy Tracheal Stenoses
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

Endobronchial Band: An Unusual Bronchoscopy Finding
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

Role of Endobronchial Ultrasound-guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration in the Diagnosis and Management of Mediastinal Cyst
Conclusion: Diagnostic and therapeutic yield of EBUS-TBNA for mediastinal cysts is limited and surgical resection remains the treatment of choice. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Predictors of Intraprocedural Respiratory Bronchoscopy Complications
Purpose: Sleep apnea can increase adverse outcomes during ambulatory surgery but not during gastrointestinal endoscopy. We hypothesize that STOP-BANG is associated with intraprocedural bronchoscopy respiratory complications. Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing bronchoscopy under moderate sedation were prospectively administered the STOP-BANG questionnaire. Participants were assessed for intraprocedural complications including hypoxemia (oxygen saturation≤85%), bradypnea (respiratory rate (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Combined Thoracoscopic Surgical Stapling and Endobronchial Valve Placement For Lung Volume Reduction With Incomplete Lobar Fissures: An Experimental Pilot Animal Study
Conclusion: Combined minimally invasive VATS fissure stapling with bronchoscopic valve placement to induce lobar atelectasis appears safe and feasible in the swine model. Future research in humans using a combined procedure is needed to confirm safety and clinical efficacy. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Toward Easy and Rapid Bronchial Occlusion With an Endobronchial Watanabe Spigot: A New Technique Using a Guide Sheath and Curette
Conclusion: Bronchial occlusion using a GS and curette is a rapid and easy technique even in a sharply branching target bronchus. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

The Diagnostic Accuracy and Sensitivity for Malignancy of Radial-Endobronchial Ultrasound and Electromagnetic Navigation Bronchoscopy for Sampling of Peripheral Pulmonary Lesions: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
The objective of this study was to determine the comparative diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and negative predictive value for R-EBUS and ENB in sampling PPLs. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted. The Ovid Medline database was queried for original research reporting a diagnostic yield of R-EBUS or ENB for PPLs identified on computed tomography chest suspicious for malignancy. The I2 statistic assessed study heterogeneity. Random effects models produced pooled estimates of diagnostic accuracy and sensitivity for malignancy. Reasons for heterogeneity were explored with meta-regression. Publicat...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

A Prospective Outcome Assessment After Bronchoscopic Interventions for Malignant Central Airway Obstruction
Conclusion: Various therapeutic bronchoscopic interventions, including combined modalities, provide rapid and sustained improvements in symptoms, respiratory status, exercise capacity, and quality of life in malignant CAO and have a good safety profile. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Predictors of Indwelling Pleural Catheter Removal and Infection: A Single-center Experience With 336 Procedures
Background: Indwelling pleural catheters (IPCs) offer ambulatory management of symptomatic persistent pleural effusions, but their widespread use is somewhat hampered by the risk of pleural infection and the inconvenience of carrying a catheter for a prolonged period of time. Factors associated with these 2 limitations were analyzed in this study. Methods: Retrospective review of consecutive patients who had undergone IPC placement over a 5 ½-year period. Time to IPC removal was analyzed with the Fine and Gray competing risks survival model, with competing risk being death. A binary logistic regression method w...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Patient-controlled Sedation During Flexible Bronchoscopy: A Randomized Controlled Trial
This study hypothesized that PCS with propofol during FB would facilitate early recovery, with similar bronchoscopist and patient satisfaction compared with nurse-controlled sedation (NCS) with midazolam. A total of 150 patients were randomized 1:1:1 into a control group (premedication with morphine-scopolamine and NCS with midazolam), PCS-MS group (premedication with morphine-scopolamine and PCS with propofol), and PCS-G group (premedication with glycopyrronium and PCS with propofol). Results: The procedures included transbronchial biopsy, transbronchial needle aspiration, cryotherapy/biopsy, and/or multistation endobr...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

The Right Study Design for the Right Study Question
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Patient-controlled Anesthesia With Propofol During Bronchoscopy
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Reversal of Collateral Ventilation Using Endobronchial Polymer Sealant in a Patient With Emphysema Undergoing Endoscopic Lung Volume Reduction (ELVR) With Valves: A Case Report and Proof of Concept
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 20, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Cavitary Lung Lesions From Metastatic Colorectal Adenocarcinoma
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 20, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Flexible Bronchoscopic Deployment of a Silicone Bronchial Stent
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 20, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Pulmonary Metastasis of Basal Cell Cancer: Metastatic Basal Cell Cancer
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 20, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Management of Acute Hypercapnic Respiratory Failure Using Intrabronchial Valve Placement for Giant Emphysematous Bullae
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 20, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Tension Hemothorax Secondary to Percutaneous Dilational Tracheostomy Tube Placement
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 20, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Hard to Swallow: A Mediastinal Hematoma Causing Esophageal Compression After Endobronchial Ultrasound-guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 20, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Aspergillus Tracheobronchitis Complicating Bronchial Thermoplasty
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 20, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

Assessment of Ergonomic Strain and Positioning During Bronchoscopic Procedures: A Feasibility Study
Conclusion: Poor ergonomic positioning and excessive muscle strain appear present within bronchoscopy procedures but may be improved in those with more bronchoscopy experience. Technological advances in bronchoscope design may also have the potential to improve procedural ergonomics. Additional prospective studies are warranted to define the long-term impact on bronchoscopic ergonomics. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 20, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Programmed Death Ligand 1 Testing of Endobronchial Ultrasound–guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration Samples Acquired For the Diagnosis and Staging of Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer
Conclusion: PD-L1 testing was feasible in the majority of EBUS-TBNA samples acquired for the diagnosis and staging of NSCLC. Comparison of EBUS results with histologic samples revealed moderate concordance, with no false-negative results. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 20, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research