Endobronchial Lesions in an Immunocompromised Host: An Atypical Case for: Mycobacterium fortuitum
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Pleuroscopy Using Dexmedetomidine in a High-risk Patient
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Cerebral Arterial Air Embolism After Endobronchial Ultrasound–guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

A Rare Case of Sarcoidosis With Complete Bronchial Obstruction
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Successful Treatment of Airway Dehiscence in a Lung Transplant Patient With Radiofrequency Ablation
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Primary Pulmonary Leiomyoma: A First for Peripheral Diagnostic Bronchoscopy?
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

American Association for Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology (AABIP) Statement on the Use of Bronchoscopy and Respiratory Specimen Collection in Patients With Suspected or Confirmed COVID-19 Infection
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Novel Cost-effective D.I.Y. Gelatin Model for Endobronchial Ultrasound-guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration Simulation Training
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Research Letter Source Type: research

Tracheobronchial Myeloid Sarcoma (Chloroma)
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

Endobronchial Valve Placement for Pulmonary Tuberculosis-related Bronchocutaneous Fistula After Thoracoplasty
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

Dual Airway and Esophageal Stenting in Advanced Esophageal Cancer With Lesions Near Carina
Background: Tracheobronchial stenting either alone or with esophageal stenting is often required for symptom palliation in obstructive or fistulous lesions of the airway due to esophageal cancer. There is limited evidence regarding dual stenting for lesions near the carina due to esophageal cancer. Hence, this study aims to evaluate the technical feasibility, outcomes, and complications of preplanned dual stenting in these patients. Methods: This is a prospective observational study carried out over a period of 4 years (January 2015 to July 2019). All patients undergoing dual stenting in the airway and esophagus with ...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Learning Gain and Skill Retention Following Unstructured Bronchoscopy Simulation in a Low-fidelity Airway Model
Background: Simulation is invaluable for bronchoscopy training. Studies report improved procedure time, dexterity/technique, and trainee satisfaction supported by low-fidelity and high-fidelity simulators in structured-training programs. We sought to determine (1) Learning-gain in bronchoscopic dexterity after a single 45-minute unstructured exposure using a low-fidelity simulator. (2) Whether acquired skills are maintained 8 weeks later, during which trainees receive no interim exposure to simulation or clinical bronchoscopy. Methods: Using a low-fidelity model, medical students were assessed for bronchoscopicdexteri...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Utility and Safety of Airway Stenting in Distal Airways Stenosis After Lung Transplant
Conclusion: Patients with DAS phenotypes that were treated with endobronchial stenting did not require less airway intervention or have greater final airway patency compared with the nonstented airways. Among the stented patients, the need for airway manipulation did not decrease after stent placement. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Is Additional Nebulized Lidocaine Helpful in Flexible Bronchoscopy?: A Meta-Analysis
Conclusion: Additional administration of nebulized lidocaine increased the total dose of lidocaine used and did not improve cough symptoms, operator-satisfaction score, ease of the procedure, and willingness to repeat the procedure. Subgroup analysis of studies using moderate sedation showed a decrease in midazolam use and in procedure duration but the clinical significance of these findings is uncertain. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

High-flow Nasal Oxygen Versus Standard Oxygen During Flexible Bronchoscopy in Lung Transplant Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Background: Diagnostic and interventional flexible bronchoscopy (FB) is increasingly utilized in complex and high-risk patients. Patients are often sedated for comfort and procedure facilitation and hypoxia is commonly observed in this setting. We hypothesized that high-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) would reduce the incidence of patients experiencing oxygen desaturation. Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, postlung transplant patients booked for FB with transbronchial lung biopsy were assigned to either HFNO or low-flow nasal oxygen (LFNO). The patient and bronchoscopist were blinded to group allocation. The prim...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

The Incidence of Hemorrhagic Complications Was Lower With the Guide Sheath Than With the Conventional Forceps Biopsy Method: Results of Bronchoscopy in the 2016 Nationwide Survey by the Japan Society for Respiratory Endoscopy
Background: The Japan Society for Respiratory Endoscopy performed a nationwide survey to evaluate the current status and complications of bronchoscopy. Data on deaths due to bronchoscopy, complications after bronchoscopy, and particularly, complications of forceps biopsy were surveyed. Methods: The survey form was mailed to 532 facilities accredited by the society. The numbers of procedures, complications, and deaths were investigated. Results: The response rate was 79.1% (421 facilities). Deaths attributable to diagnostic bronchoscopy occurred in 11 (0.011%) of 98,497 cases. In regards to forceps biopsy, the guid...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Characterization of Applied Forces and Torques During Rigid Bronchoscopy Intubation
Conclusion: This was the first application of a rigid bronchoscope measurement device designed to measure forces applied at the handle. Force and torque discrepancies between manikin training and patient applications were found, indicating a possible mismatch between the haptic feedback received by physicians during rigid training and application. This inconsistency could be resolved via novel haptic training modalities and help increase atraumatic intubations. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

AABIP Evidence-informed Guidelines and Expert Panel Report for the Management of Indwelling Pleural Catheters
Conclusion: This manuscript was developed to provide clinicians with guidance on the management of patients with indwelling pleural catheters placed for palliation of malignant pleural effusions. Through a systematic and rigorous process, management suggestions were developed based on the best available evidence with augmentation by expert opinion when necessary. In addition, these guidelines highlight important gaps in knowledge which require further study. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

You Can’t Improve What You Can’t Measure: Smart Learning Meets Rigid Bronchoscopy
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

AABIP Indwelling Pleural Catheter Guidelines: Another Milestone for the Journal and Our Field
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Certificate of Added Qualification in Advanced Diagnostic Bronchoscopy
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - September 25, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Announcement Source Type: research

Mediastinal Lymphadenitis Due to Nocardia Infection
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Primary Tracheal Melanoma
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Pleural Amyloid as a Cause of Symptomatic Effusion
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Bronchopleural Fistula Closure With Amplatzer Device: Our Case and Reviewing a Decade of Experience
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Pleuroscopy Using Dexmedetomidine in a High-risk Patient
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Unfit for a Single Prism: Procedural Education and Career Development Training
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Career Development Training for Interventional Pulmonary Fellows
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Reduction in Alveolar Macrophage Size in Refractory Autoimmune Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis After Treatment With Pioglitazone
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Research Letter Source Type: research

Tracheobronchial Thrombus in a Combat Wounded Patient With a New Tracheostomy
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

Bronchogenic Gangliocytic Paraganglioma
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Trial on Optimal Sampling Sequence in Radial Guide Sheath Endobronchial Ultrasound Lung Biopsy
Conclusion: The overall rate of a positive R-EBUS procedure was not affected by the initial sampling method or sequence. However, all 3 sampling modalities were more likely to be positive if biopsies were performed first, followed by brushings and washings. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Biodegradable Stents for the Relief of Vascular Bronchial Compression in Children With Left Atrial Enlargement
Conclusion: The use of the polydioxanone biodegradable stent appeared safe in this cohort of critically ill patients with vascular bronchial compression. There use may aid weaning from mechanical ventilation and support eventual cardiac recovery. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Thermoablative Techniques for Excessive Central Airway Collapse: An Ex Vivo Pilot Study on Sheep Tracheal Tissue
Conclusion: Although electrocautery, radiofrequency ablation, potassium titanyl phosphate laser, and APC all induce thermal injury of the airway wall, only APC at high power settings achieves this effect without complete tissue erosion, favoring potential regeneration and fibrosis. Live animal studies are now plausible. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Fluid Infusion Through Chest Tube to Facilitate Pleural Procedures: A Feasibility Study
Conclusion: Fluid infusion through a chest tube is a feasible technique for patients that require a pleural procedure and have minimal fluid after initial pleural drainage. This approach may facilitate pleural procedures, reduce incidence of complications, and expedite the diagnosis and treatment of patients with pleural diseases. Pressure infusers should not be used during this procedure as there is a theoretical increased risk of complications. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Diagnostic Yield and Bleeding Complications Associated With Bronchoscopic Biopsy of Endobronchial Carcinoid Tumors
Conclusion: Bronchoscopic biopsy of endobronchial carcinoid is associated with a high diagnostic yield and severe bleeding is rarely encountered. Diagnostic yield and bleeding seemed independent of vascular tumor appearance or history of recent hemoptysis. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Career Development Training for Interventional Pulmonary Fellows: Are They Ready for the Workforce?
Background: Interventional pulmonary (IP) fellows spend ≥6 years of postgraduate medical education before IP training. Given the high employment attrition rates of early medical professionals, we investigated the IP fellows’ self-assessed readiness for employment and the role of an intense preemployment educational intervention on improving the same. Materials and Methods: Over 2 consecutive academic years, IP fellows nationally were invited to a mid-year career development symposium focusing on employment search strategy and early career development. Attendees were anonymously surveyed presymposium/postsympo...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Ultrasound Evaluation of Hemidiaphragm Function Following Thoracentesis: A Study on Mechanisms of Dyspnea Related to Pleural Effusion
Background: Dyspnea is the major symptom caused by pleural effusion. The pathophysiological pathways leading to dyspnea are poorly understood. Dysfunction of respiratory mechanics may be a factor. We aimed to study the change in diaphragmatic function following thoracentesis. Methods: Patients undergoing thoracentesis at a highly specialized pleural center, underwent ultrasound evaluation of hemidiaphragm movement, before and after thoracentesis was performed. The change was compared to the reduction of dyspnea measured at the modified Borg scale. Results: Thirty-two patients were included. Dyspnea was reduced from...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Rigid Mini-Thoracoscopy Versus Semirigid Thoracoscopy in Undiagnosed Exudative Pleural Effusion: The MINT Randomized Controlled Trial
Background: There is debate regarding the ideal instrument for medical thoracoscopy. The authors compared rigid mini-thoracoscopy with semirigid thoracoscopy for thoracoscopic pleural biopsy. Methods: Consecutive subjects with undiagnosed exudative pleural effusion were randomized (1:1 ratio) to mini-thoracoscopy or semirigid thoracoscopy groups. The primary objective was a comparison of the diagnostic yield of pleural biopsy. Key secondary outcomes were the comparison of sedative/analgesic dose, operator-rated and patient-rated pain on visual analog scale (VAS), operator-rated overall procedural satisfaction (VAS), p...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Bronchoscopy in the Age of COVID-19
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Rigid Mini-Thoracoscopy: The New Kid on the Block
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - June 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Bonastent for the Treatment of a Benign Central Airway Obstruction and Persistent Air Leak in a Pediatric Patient
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

A Rare Presentation of Pulmonary Aspergillosis: Bronchial Stump Aspergillosis
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Elastography and Endobronchial Ultrasound in the Study of Hilar and Mediastinal Lymph Nodes: Methodological Issues on Diagnostic Value and Prediction
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Recurrent Pneumomediastinum Treated With Endobronchial Valve Placement After Source Detection by Bilateral Medical Thoracoscopy
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Bronchoscopic Evaluation of Central Airway Involvement in IgG4-related Disease
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Transbronchial Lung Cryobiopsy: A Meticulous Technique
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Multimodal Bronchoscopic Treatment of Unresectable Tracheal Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Multidimensional Precision: Hybrid Mobile 2D/3D C-Arm Assisted Biopsy of Peripheral Lung Nodules
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Research Letter Source Type: research

A “Tracheal Bridge”: An Unusual Presentation of Posttracheostomy Tracheal Stenoses
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - March 30, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research