Bacterial Pericarditis Accompanied by Sudden Cardiac Tamponade After Transbronchial Needle Aspiration Cytology
A 48-year-old man was referred for an abnormal shadow in his chest x-ray. Transbronchial needle aspiration cytology was performed at the mediastinal necrotic lymph node #7, and he was diagnosed as having small cell carcinoma. Fifteen days after bronchoscopy, sudden cardiac tamponade occurred and pericardial drainage suggested a diagnosis of bacterial pericarditis. He was successfully treated by drainage and administration of antibiotics. Complication of bacterial pericarditis associated with bronchoscopy is rare. However, physicians should watch for the appearance of this condition for up to 3 weeks after bronchoscopy, esp...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - April 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Cystic Pulmonary Myxoid Liposarcoma Mimicking Endobronchial Blood Clot
In conclusion, this case conveys 2 messages. First, pulmonary metastasis of myxoid liposarcoma can appear as cyst secondary to endobronchial tumoral growth. Second, endobronchial blood clots should always be sent for pathologic analysis. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - April 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Pleuroscopy With a Bronchoscope
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - April 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

Pleural Lymphoma
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - April 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

Ultrasound-guided Pleural Effusion Drainage With a Small Catheter Using the Single-step Trocar or Modified Seldinger Technique
Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided pleural effusion drainage by catheter insertion is a safe and effective procedure. The success rate is low when the effusion is loculated and septated. Both the trocar and the modified Seldinger techniques can be used. The trocar technique is faster and easier. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - April 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Awareness, Competencies, and Practice Patterns in Tracheobronchomalacia: A Survey of Pulmonologists
Conclusion: This survey exposes deficits among pulmonologists in their ability to confidently and correctly diagnose and manage TBM. These deficits are not surprising as our understanding of this clinical entity is evolving. There exists a need for further education of pulmonologists about TBM and a need to promote collaborative efforts through research and expert consensus committees to progress our knowledge and management of this disease. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - April 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Role of Bronchoscopy in Prompt Discharge From the Intensive Care Unit
Conclusion: The majority of patients in our cohort (75%) of benign and malignant etiology could be promptly (within 2 d postbronchoscopy) transferred out from ICU to general ward after successful discontinuation of mechanical ventilation and extubation after bronchoscopic intervention. We advocate early recognition and bronchoscopic intervention in suitable patients. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - April 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Evaluation of Endoscopically Deployed Radiopaque Tumor Models in Bronchoscopy
Conclusion: Both contrast-infused agarose and tripe models present a promising analog to a pulmonary lesion and may act as a radiopaque marker for bronchoscopic training and biopsy evaluation. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - April 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

A Prospective Analysis of the Efficacy and Complications Associated With Deep Sedation With Midazolam During Fiberoptic Bronchoscopy
Background: Moderate sedation has been commonly used for fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FB). However, patients may find FB under moderate sedation to be unpleasant. We therefore examined whether deep sedation was a useful premedication for FB. Methods: We designed a prospective, randomized study using a patient questionnaire to address the perceptions of the procedures and complications of patients who underwent FB with deep sedation (deep sedation group) with midazolam in comparison with those who underwent FB with moderate sedation (moderate sedation group) with the same drug. Patients were asked to grade FB as being easy or ...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - April 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Intrapleural Fibrinolytic Therapy in Patients With Nondraining Indwelling Pleural Catheters
Conclusion: On the basis of our finding of successful flow restoration with few complications, we recommend intrapleural tPA treatment for symptomatic patients with nondraining IPCs in the setting of persistent pleural fluid. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - April 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Bronchoscopy for Pulmonary Peripheral Lesions With Virtual Fluoroscopic Preprocedural Planning Combined With EBUS-GS: A Pilot Study
Conclusion: VFPP was easy to prepare and useful for selecting target bronchi. This study confirms feasibility of the VFPP as an adjunct to minimally invasive transbronchial biopsy of pulmonary peripheral lesions. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - April 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Biomechanical Properties of Airway Stents: Implications for Clinical Practice
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - April 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Interventional Pulmonology: Marching Forward Together
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - April 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Reply to: A Rapid Infuser System for Whole-Lung Lavage
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

A Rapid Infuser System for Whole-Lung Lavage
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Bilateral Hemotympanum Following Diagnostic Bronchoscopy
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

The “Inverted Square Root Sign”: A Sign of Critical Variable Central Airway Obstruction During Mechanical Ventilation
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Factors Determining Successful Diagnostic Yield of Conventional Transbronchial Needle Aspiration in the Diagnosis of Sarcoidosis
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Peripheral Bronchoscopy Training Using a Human Cadaveric Model and Simulated Tumor Targets
This report describes the development of a human cadaveric model with artificially implanted tumor targets designed to train physicians on aspects of peripheral bronchoscopy, including electromagnetic navigation and radial probe endobronchial ultrasound. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Follicular Lymphoma Diagnosed With Medical Thoracoscopy
We describe an unusual case of recurrent pleural effusion secondary to follicular lymphoma with no other known extrathoracic involvement at the time of diagnosis. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Orange-Pigmented Sputum as a Manifestation of Smoke Grenade Inhalation Injury
A 34-year-old man presented with scanty hemoptysis, orange-colored expectoration, and mild dyspnea. He was in an enclosed building taking part in a military training exercise inhaling an orange-colored smoke from a smoke grenade ignition. His symptoms developed immediately after the initial exposure but he sought medical assistance 20 hours later because of their persistence. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy was performed revealing diffuse inflammatory tracheobronchial tree with streaky orange-pigmented secretions in the trachea and both main-stem bronchi. Acute tracheobronchitis was diagnosed and the patient was treated with nebul...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

A Novel Technique for the Placement of Endobronchial Watanabe Spigots Into the Bronchus: Side-Grasping Method
In this study, we assess a new technique, the side-grasping method, to maneuver the spigot into the target bronchus by using rotatable biopsy forceps to grasp the edge of the graspable part of the EWS. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of this new technique for the simple placement of the EWS. Methods: To compare the number of bronchoscopists who were able to place the EWS correctly within 10 minutes, and the time needed to place each spigot for both methods into 4 canine bronchi. Results: More bronchoscopists correctly placed the EWS within 10 minutes using the side-grasping method compared with the c...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: How I Do It Source Type: research

Endobronchial Ultrasound-Radial Probe–Assisted Cryobiopsy for Peripheral Lung Mass: A New Way for Better Yield?
We report a case of solitary pulmonary nodules where EBUS-RP was used to guide a cryoprobe to get large transbronchial cryobiopsies successfully. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Pulmonary Abscess as a Complication of Transbronchial Lung Cryobiopsy
We present the case of a 49-year-old man who developed pulmonary abscess as a complication of transbronchial lung cryobiopsy. He had been receiving prednisone therapy, but otherwise had no specific risk factors for lung abscess. Cryobiopsy is a novel technique for obtaining peripheral lung parenchymal tissue for the evaluation of diffuse parenchymal lung diseases. Cryobiopsy is being increasingly proposed as an alternative to surgical lung biopsy or conventional bronchoscopic transbronchial forceps biopsy, but the safety profile of the procedure has not been fully appreciated. Pulmonary abscess has been rarely reported as ...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Localized Pleural Metastases of Renal Cell Carcinoma After Nephrectomy: A Case Report and Literature Review
We herein report the case of a 61-year-old Japanese male with localized pleural metastases of renal cell carcinoma. The patient was admitted to our hospital because of dyspnea on exertion and left-sided pleural effusion. He had undergone right radical nephrectomy 10 years previously. Contrast-enhanced whole-body computed tomography revealed scattered nodular thickening of the left pleura with contrast enhancement and left-sided pleural effusion. Thoracoscopy performed under local anesthesia was applied to obtain a biopsy of the pleural nodules, and the specimen was consequently diagnosed as exhibiting pleural metastasis of...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

An Unusual Spectacle of Hemoptysis in Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

Transient Bronchial Wall Thickening After Bronchial Thermoplasty for Asthma
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research

Convex Endobronchial Ultrasound-Guided Fiducial Placement for Malignant Central Lung Lesions: A Case Series
Conclusion: Convex-probe EBUS is a useful tool in the placement of fiducial markers in patients with malignant lymphadenopathy and central parenchymal lung lesions. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Randomized Trial Comparing Patient Comfort Between the Oral and Nasal Insertion Routes for Linear Endobronchial Ultrasound
Conclusions: For linear EBUS, the nasal and oral approaches confer a similarly high degree of patient comfort with similar complication rates and diagnostic yield. Patient and physician preferences should dictate the route of insertion. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

A Multicenter Experience With the Placement of Self-Expanding Metallic Tracheobronchial Y Stents
Conclusion: The insertion of a metallic Y stent results in immediate palliation of malignant airway obstruction or airway fistulization near the tracheal carina with rapid improvement of symptoms. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

A Survey of Bronchoscopy Practice in Australia and New Zealand
Conclusions: This survey shows that there is a large variation in bronchoscopy practices both generally and between different groups of bronchoscopists, yet it is a safe procedure. An important finding was the significantly high utilization of the services of anesthetists for sedation and their different sedative choices, including the use of propofol. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Comparison of Transbronchial and Cryobiopsies in Evaluation of Diffuse Parenchymal Lung Disease
Conclusion: TBLC used with TBLB can improve the diagnostic yield of flexible bronchoscopy in patients with DPLD. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

The Feasibility of EBUS-Guided TBNA Through the Pulmonary Artery in Highly Selected Patients
Conclusions: This multicenter case series suggests that transpulmonary artery needle aspiration guided by EBUS is possible and safe in the hands of experienced interventional pulmonologists. It is important to recognize that this is not an alternative to left VATS or Chamberlain procedure, but a last resort procedure. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Cryobiopsy for Interstitial Lung Diseases
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Just Because We Can, Does Not Always Mean We Should
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - December 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Transarterial EBUS-TBNA in the Diagnosis of Hilar Lesions
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Pulmonary Tumor Embolism Diagnosed by Endobronchial Ultrasound
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Distal Airway Stenting: How Far Is Too Far?
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Montgomery T-tube Migration: A Rare and Life-threatening Complication
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Online Articles: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Mediastinal Abscess Following Endobronchial Ultrasound Transbronchial Needle Aspiration in a Patient With Sarcoidosis
We report a case a 42-year-old man who had undergone EBUS-TBNA for diagnosis of mediastinal and hilar lymph node enlargement. Sarcoidosis was diagnosed on cytologic examination. Three weeks after the procedure, he developed a mediastinal abscess secondary to EBUS-TBNA. Sarcoidosis may be a risk factor for mediastinal infection complication. A local immune defect related to sarcoidosis may explain this risk. Our case underlines the importance of considering and recognizing this complication, and its possibility should be taken into account when undertaking the procedure for benign disease. (Source: Journal of Bronchology an...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Vanished: Is This for Real?
We report a case of an early endobronchial squamous cell carcinoma that exhibited complete radiologic and pathologic SR soon after diagnosis. The patient was monitored radiologically and bronchoscopically at regular intervals and to date, the biopsy samples have been negative. Remarkably, SR has been maintained 6 years after diagnosis, without local recurrence or distant metastases. Many hypotheses abound to explain how complete SR was achieved and maintained despite the lack of treatment. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Fistula of the Stump: A Novel Approach With a “Stapled” Stent
Summary: Postoperative bronchopleural fistulas are serious and uncommon complications after pneumonectomy. Available therapeutic approaches are medical, endoscopic, and/or surgical. A 42-year-old man underwent left pneumonectomy. Three years later he was admitted to an intensive care unit with pneumonia of the remaining lung, severe respiratory insufficiency, and a bronchopleural fistula with an air fluid level filling in the pneumonectomy cavity. A left chest drain was placed, and broad-spectrum antibiotics and mechanical ventilation were administered. Because of the unstable clinical condition, a blind end endobronchial ...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Tracheostomy Tube Placement: Early and Late Complications
Tracheostomy tube placement is a therapeutic procedure that has gained increased favor over the past decade. Upper airway obstructions, failure to liberate from the ventilator, and debilitating neurological conditions are only a few indications for tracheostomy tube placement. Tracheostomy tubes can be placed either surgically or percutaneously. A percutaneous approach offers fewer surgical site infections and postsurgical bleeding than a surgical approach. A surgical placement posses a lower risk of injury to the posterior tracheal wall and spontaneous decannulation is less common. Late complications of both approaches in...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

1st Annual Dr. Udaya B.S. Prakash and Dr. Atul C. Mehta Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology and American Association for Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology Editorial Excellence Awards
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Tumors: Part II. Treatment
Pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors that arise from Kulchitzky cells of the bronchial mucosa consist of a spectrum of histologic features leading to a variable prognosis. Although typical carcinoid represents the most benign course, small-cell cancer has the grimmest outcome. Therefore, differentiating the spectrum of neuroendocrine tumors helps one not only to determine the prognosis, but also to guide the treatment options. In this part, we aim to discuss the treatment options in pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors except for small-cell lung cancer. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Transesophageal Bronchoscopic Ultrasound-guided Fine-needle Aspiration (EUS-B-FNA) in a 3-Year-Old Child
Evaluation of mediastinal lymphadenopathy in children is challenging and surgical procedures (mediastinoscopy/thoracotomy) are usually performed wherever tissue sampling is required. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a widely utilized and minimally invasive modality for evaluation of mediastinum (lymphadenopathy, masses, and nodal staging in patients with lung cancer) in adults. Smaller size of pediatric trachea potentially limits the use of EBUS. The EBUS bronchoscope can also be introduced into the esophagus for mediastinal evaluation and sampling, a technique described as tr...
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Diagnosis of Pulmonary Hydatid Cyst by Bronchoscopy
Hydatid cyst is a parasitic infestation caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Lungs are the second most common site of involvement after liver. The diagnosis of complicated pulmonary hydatid cysts may not be easy because hydatid cyst disease mimics tuberculosis, lung cancer, empyema, or abscess. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy can be a valuable tool in the diagnosis of the infestation by visualization of hydatid cyst membrane. Here, we report the case of a 33-year-old woman who presented with hemoptysis and chest discomfort and was diagnosed with a hydatid cyst by fiberoptic bronchoscopy. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Mediastinitis and Bronchial Perforations Due to Mucormycosis
Diabetes mellitus is the most common predisposing condition for mucormycosis, which is emerging as an important invasive fungal infection worldwide. Isolated mediastinitis is a very rare presentation of mucormycosis. A 57-year-old woman with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus and ketoacidosis presented with septic shock and was subsequently found to have mucor mediastinitis with multiple bronchial perforations. The organism was identified as Rhizopus oryzae with the help of DNA sequencing. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Black Endobronchial Ultrasound
The infrequent bronchoscopic finding of black airway pigmentation due to a variety of causes has been labeled as “Black Bronchoscopy.” Black bronchioalveolar lavage has been sometimes described in tobacco, marijuana, and crack cocaine smokers. To add to this interesting panorama of bronchoscopic findings, we describe cases of black endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspirates due to metastatic melanoma and anthracotic lymph nodes. (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Endobronchial Involvement in Idiopathic Hypereosinophilic Syndrome
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology)
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Interventional Pulmonology Source Type: research