Consumers' attitudes before and after the introduction of the Chilean regulation on food labelling.
Authors: Gregori D, Azzolina D, Lanera C, Ghidina M, Gafare CE, Lorenzoni G Abstract The aim of the present study is to understand how the attitudes towards food labelling in the Chilean population have changed after the introduction of the Chilean law on food labelling and advertising. A computer-assisted telephone interview was conducted in 2012 and 2016, employing the same procedures. The difference in outcomes between 2012 and 2016 was assessed using a logistic regression model. One hundred and sixty-seven subjects responded to both the 2012 and 2016 survey editions (respondents). For both the unadjusted and ad...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The effects of feeding supplementation on the nutritional quality of milk and cheese from sheep grazing on dry pasture.
Authors: Caprioli G, Kamgang Nzekoue F, Fiorini D, Scocco P, Trabalza-Marinucci M, Acuti G, Tardella FM, Sagratini G, Catorci A Abstract The effect of feeding supplementation on the nutritional characteristics of milk and cheese was studied in dairy sheep grazing on low mountain dry-grasslands during summer in typical sub-Mediterranean conditions of aridity. The control group (CG) of 25 sheep grazed on grass, while the experimental group (EG) of 25 sheep grazed on grass and received 600 g a day of a barley and corn mixture. Daily milk production showed a less pronounced decrease in EG than in CG (p ˂ 0.0368...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Resveratrol inhibits the proliferation of melanoma cells by modulating cell cycle.
In conclusion, RSV can inhibit A375 proliferation and trigger apoptosis by influencing cell cycle proteins; for these effects, treatment duration of RSV played more important role than concentration. PMID: 31154861 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 5, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Unravelled facets of milk derived opioid peptides: a focus on gut physiology, fractures and obesity.
In conclusion, it appears that BCM-7 might have multiple functions pertinent to human health; however, the evidence is limited and warrants further pre-clinical and clinical studies for hypothesis confirmation. PMID: 31154909 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 5, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Acute dietary nitrate does not reduce resting metabolic rate or oxidative stress marker 8-isoprostane in healthy males and females.
Authors: Carriker CR, Harrison CD, Bockover EJ, Ratcliffe BJ, Crowe S, Morales-Acuna F, Gurovich AN Abstract To investigate changes in resting metabolic rate and 8-isoprostane, an oxidative stress biomarker, following acute dietary nitrate supplementation in healthy males and females. In a randomised, double-blind, cross-over study, 10 males and seven females (age range 19-25 years) underwent protocol familiarisation (visit 1), baseline assessments (visits 2 and 4) and assessments following supplementation, placebo or 6.2 mmol nitrate, 2 hours prior to visits 3 and 5. Participants completed a 3...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

What methods have been used to estimate salt intake? A systematic review.
Authors: Perin MS, Gallani MCBJ, Andrechuk CRS, São-João TM, Rhéaume C, Cornélio ME Abstract The relationship between salt intake and cardiovascular diseases is a contemporary scientific controversy, which has been attributed to the limits of the measures of salt intake used in the studies. Thus, this article sought to systematically review the literature on the methods used to estimate salt intake in different study designs. Of the 124 articles, 60.5% used only biochemical measures, 26.6% only self-report measures and 12.9% reported the combined use of both methods. The 24-hour urinary ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Food toxicology: quantitative analysis of the research field literature.
Authors: Yeung AWK, Tzvetkov NT, Jóźwik A, Horbanczuk OK, Polgar T, Pieczynska MD, Sampino S, Nicoletti F, Berindan-Neagoe I, Battino M, Atanasov AG Abstract Total-scale quantitative research literature analysis on the food toxicology scientific field has yet to be conducted. In this work, we identified and analysed food toxicology publications in the existing scientific literature. A literature search was performed with the online Web of Science database. Full records and cited references of the 73,099 identified manuscripts were imported into VOSviewer software for analysis. This research field has been g...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Mediterranean food pattern vs. Mediterranean diet: a necessary approach?
Authors: Real H, Queiroz J, Graça P Abstract "Food pattern" and "diet" sometimes are referred with the same meaning. "Food pattern" can be defined by a priori and a posteriori approaches and refers to the characterisation of foods and frequency of consumption within a population combining with various characteristics. "Diet" may be represented as an individual way of life and considers the food consumption and others like culture, history, society, economy, sustainability, culinary activities, conviviality, physical activity and rest. Mediterranean diet fits on these t...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The dietary inflammatory index is associated with gastrointestinal infection symptoms in the national health and nutrition examination survey.
Authors: Wirth MD, Robinson C, Murphy EA, Shivappa N, Hébert JR Abstract Inflammation influences many aspects of health including gastrointestinal illnesses. Associations between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) and gastrointestinal symptoms were examined using cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (years 2005-2014, n = 25,553). Outcomes included self-reported presence of mucus or liquid in bowel leakage and stomach illness in the past month, diarrhoea in the past year and number of weekly bowel movements. Energy-adjusted DII (E-DII) scores were...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of green tea extract on arterial stiffness, lipid profile and sRAGE in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
Authors: Quezada-Fernández P, Trujillo-Quiros J, Pascoe-González S, Trujillo-Rangel WA, Cardona-Müller D, Ramos-Becerra CG, Barocio-Pantoja M, Rodríguez-de la Cerda M, Nérida Sánchez-Rodríguez E, Cardona-Muñóz EG, García-Benavides L, Grover-Páez F Abstract Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with premature atherosclerosis and arterial stiffening due to the accumulation of advanced glycation end-products in vessel walls. Green tea polyphenols are considered cardio-protective substances. In this randomised double-blind placebo-contro...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The impact of three commercial sweeteners on cytokine expression by mononuclears impelled by colon carcinoma cells.
Authors: Bessler H, Djaldetti M Abstract The study was designed to examine the immunomodulatory effect of three commercial sweeteners on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and on the immune dialogue between these and human HT-29 and HuCC colon cancer lines. PBMC were incubated with Sweet'N Low, Splenda and Stevia and the cytokine production was examined. The cytokine release of PBMC co-cultured with colon cancer cells in the presence of sweeteners was evaluated. Sweet'N Low enhanced IFNγ, IL-1β and IL-6 release, and augmented HuCC-induced IL-10 secretion. Splenda reduced IFNγ and TNF&a...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 10, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of acute intake of grape/pomegranate pomace dietary supplement on glucose metabolism and oxidative stress in adults with abdominal obesity.
Authors: Pérez-Ramírez IF, de Diego EH, Riomoros-Arranz M, Reynoso-Camacho R, Saura-Calixto F, Pérez-Jiménez J Abstract A controlled acute, cross-over clinical study (NCT02710461) was performed in order to evaluate the effects on glucose metabolism of a grape/pomegranate pomace dietary supplement in subjects with abdominal obesity (aged 40-60, n = 20). A standard 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was administered alone, together with or 10 h after the consumption of 10 g of the dietary supplement, rich in both extractable (0.4 g) and non-ex...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Procyanidins in rice cooked with adzuki bean and their contribution to the reduction of nitrite to nitric oxide ( •NO) in artificial gastric juice.
Procyanidins in rice cooked with adzuki bean and their contribution to the reduction of nitrite to nitric oxide (•NO) in artificial gastric juice. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2019 May 06;:1-11 Authors: Takahama U, Hirota S, Morina F Abstract In Japan, adzuki bean is cooked with rice. During the cooking, the colour of rice becomes pale red. It is postulated that the red pigment is produced from procyanidins and that the ingestion of red rice causes the production of nitric oxide (•NO) in the stomach by reacting with salivary nitrite. The increase in colour intensity accompanied the decrease in the am...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Validity of an updated nutrition literacy assessment instrument with the new nutrition facts panel.
This study aimed to determine reliability of the NLit subscale using two NFP versions. A 35-item survey was administered to 48 attendees with very low incomes. Surveys included previously validated NLit numeracy questions referencing the Current NFP (C-NFP), demographic and financial literacy questions, and the same NLit numeracy questions referencing the New NFP (N-NFP). NLit numeracy between the C-NFP and N-NFP were related (r = 0.842, p 
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) alters body fat and lean mass through sex-dependent metabolic mechanisms in Drosophila melanogaster.
In conclusion, EGCG promotes lean phenotype in D. melanogaster via sex-specific metabolic regulations. PMID: 31010351 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Modelling of avoidance of food additives: a cross country study.
Authors: Szűcs V, Szabó E, Guerrero L, Tarcea M, Bánáti D Abstract Food additives are strictly regulated and from technological point of view are useful ingredients. However, due to negative media news seeking for sensation, and sometimes irresponsible producer behaviour, utilisation of food additives generates consumer aversion, thus shopping rejection. The present study examines the factors that influence consumers' motives and attitudes towards the avoidance of food additives. On the basis of a questionnaire survey, a theoretical model was developed and applied by path analysis in three Eur...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Nutrient, fibre, sorbitol and chlorogenic acid content of prunes (Prunus domestica): an updated analysis and comparison of different countries of origin and database values.
In conclusion, prunes contain high levels of fibre and other bioactive compounds. Variations between country of origin and database values highlight the importance of transparency in documenting sampling and analysis methods. PMID: 30987487 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Characterisation of several types of millets as functional food ingredients.
This study is intended to identify millets as potential functional food ingredients based on their nutrient profile and in vitro starch digestibility. Seven millet types exhibiting diverse structures and compositions were investigated. Chemical composition revealed that depending on the millet type, millets are excellent sources of insoluble dietary fibre, lipids and minerals, these components had values ranging from 9.3-56.7 mg/g, 11.5-31.7% and 2.1-8.0%, respectively. Linoleic and oleic were the major unsaturated fatty acids detected in all the millet types. Millets were also found to be rich in free and bound phe...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of pH control during rice fermentation in preventing a gliadin P31-43 entrance in epithelial cells.
Authors: Gallo M, Nigro F, Passannanti F, Nanayakkara M, Lania G, Parisi F, Salameh D, Budelli A, Barone MV, Nigro R Abstract Coeliac disease is an increasingly recognised pathology, induced by the ingestion of gluten in genetically predisposed patients. Undigested gliadin peptide can induce adaptive and innate immune response that unleash the typical intestinal mucosal alterations. A growing attention is paid to alternative therapeutic approaches to the gluten-free diet: one of these approaches is the use of probiotics and/or postbiotics. We performed lactic fermentation of rice flour with and without pH control, ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Characterisation of bioactive compounds and assessment of antioxidant activity of different traditional Lycopersicum esculentum L. varieties: chemometric analysis.
Authors: Vlaisavljević S, Colmán Martínez M, Stojanović A, Martínez-Huélamo M, Grung B, Lamuela Raventós RM Abstract Eight different Serbian genotypes were analysed for their polyphenol, carotenoid, vitamin C content and evaluated for their antioxidant properties. The highest content of biologically important carotenoids such as lutein (4.58 mg/10 g), lycopene (160.64 mg/10 g) and β-carotene (189.64 mg/10 g) were detected in the genotype S606. Rutin was the most abundant phenolic compound in all tastes samples, but its content is hi...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of two dosages of sodium chloride intake on the blood pressure response to caffeinated coffee in humans in vivo.
Authors: Esselink AC, Bril LM, Langenhuijsen RW, Bilos A, Riksen NP, Rongen GA Abstract High sodium intake increases cardiovascular risk by increasing blood pressure. The intake of coffee elevates blood pressure acutely. Preclinical evidence shows that this action of caffeine is enhanced by high salt intake. We hypothesised that high sodium intake augments the acute blood pressure response to coffee in humans. A randomised cross-over study (n = 15) was performed comparing the effect of lower (6 g/d; LS) with higher (12 g/d; HS) sodium chloride diet on blood pressure before and 2 h...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Snacking in nutrition and health.
Authors: Marangoni F, Martini D, Scaglioni S, Sculati M, Donini LM, Leonardi F, Agostoni C, Castelnuovo G, Ferrara N, Ghiselli A, Giampietro M, Maffeis C, Porrini M, Barbi B, Poli A Abstract Many studies suggest that distributing energy and nutrient intake across 4-5 eating occasions/day (rather than across three standard meals) could favourably affect human health. The inclusion of 1-2 snacks in the daily pattern alleviates the potential digestive and metabolic overload caused by fewer heavier meals and might contribute to meet recommendations for food groups (e.g. fruits, dairy) and nutrients like fibre and vitam...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The phytoestrogen genistein affects inflammatory-related genes expression depending on the ER α/ERβ ratio in breast cancer cells.
In conclusion, the phytoestrogen genistein could modulate the expression of inflammatory-related genes through its interaction with both ERs, and its effects depends on the ERα/ERβ ratio. PMID: 30945577 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Particle size of milled chokeberry pomace did not influence in vitro cellular absorption and transport efficiencies of anthocyanins, phenolic acids and flavonols.
Authors: Mayer-Miebach E, Briviba K, Schiffer C, Geiger L, Behsnilian D, Greiner R Abstract Industrial chokeberry pomace is very rich in polyphenols. The main focus here lies on the possible relationship between the particle size of chokeberry milled pomace and an enhanced absorption and transport of polyphenols by Caco-2 cells. Wet milling was used to produce materials with particle size distributions in the micrometre and in the sub-micrometre to nanometre ranges starting from chokeberry pomace. Milled materials with about 50% of the particles with a mean size (x50,3) of 223 ± 13 &micr...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Socioeconomic inequalities in relation to health and nutrition literacy in Greece.
Authors: Michou M, Panagiotakos DB, Lionis C, Costarelli V Abstract Poor health literacy (HL) is associated with poor health behaviours and outcomes. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of socioeconomic status on HL and nutrition literacy (NL) in Greece. This is a cross-sectional study which took place in Attica, Greece. 1281 individuals, aged ≥18 years of both sexes, participated. The European Health Literacy Questionnaire and the Greek version of the Nutrition Literacy Scale were used. Linear regression analysis revealed that education was significantly positively associated with HL (p&th...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Coffee consumption and colorectal cancer risk: a dose-response meta-analysis on prospective cohort studies.
In conclusion, the association between coffee consumption and CRC risk is controversial and should be clarified in further cohort studies. PMID: 30922134 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 31, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Analysis of phytochemical contributors to antioxidant capacity of the peel of Chinese mandarin and orange varieties.
This study is systematic for the metabolites identification of mandarins and oranges and provides valuable information for effective utilisation of citrus peel and their bioactive compounds. PMID: 30907199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Chlorogenic acid-enriched green coffee bean extract affects arterial stiffness assessed by the cardio-ankle vascular index in healthy men: a pilot study.
Authors: Suzuki A, Nomura T, Jokura H, Kitamura N, Saiki A, Fujii A Abstract The effect of chlorogenic acid-enriched green coffee bean extract (cGCE) intake on arterial stiffness was investigated using the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) as a novel surrogate marker for predicting arteriosclerosis. A placebo-controlled double-blind pilot study was conducted with 16 healthy Japanese men. Subjects were divided into two groups and consumed beverages containing either cGCE or placebo daily for 2 weeks. The CAVI, the primary endpoint of the study, was evaluated at the beginning of the study and 2 weeks later...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The acute effects of the non-nutritive sweeteners aspartame and acesulfame-K in UK diet cola on glycaemic response.
This study aims to ascertain the acute glycaemic effects of the NNS aspartame and acesulfame-K in UK diet-cola (DC). Ten healthy participants attended the laboratory fasted on three occasions. Individuals drank (1) 25 g glucose in 125 mL water + 236 mL water, (2) 25 g glucose in 125 mL water with 236 mL DC and (3) 236 mL sucrose-sweetened cola with 125 mL water. Blood (glucose) was measured pre-test and every 15 minutes over a 120-minute period using portable glucometers. The glucose-control and glucose + DC elicited similar blood glucose rises ab...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Characterization of nutrients, polyphenols and volatile components of the ancient apple cultivar 'Mela Rosa Dei Monti Sibillini' from Marche region, central Italy.
Authors: Nkuimi Wandjou JG, Sut S, Giuliani C, Fico G, Papa F, Ferraro S, Caprioli G, Maggi F, Dall'Acqua S Abstract In the present work, we reported for the first time a comprehensive study on the phytonutrients, that is, natural compounds able to provide benefits to health, found in an ancient apple variety cultivated in orchards of the Sibillini Mountains, central Italy, known as Mela Rosa dei Monti Sibillini. This fruit has recently been promoted by authorities and local institutions as a typical food of the Marche Region. For the purpose, analysis of its nutrients, phenolics, triterpenes and volatile component...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of blackberry juice (Rubus fruticosus L.) on anxiety-like behaviour in Wistar rats.
Authors: Fernández-Demeneghi R, Rodríguez-Landa JF, Guzmán-Gerónimo RI, Acosta-Mesa HG, Meza-Alvarado E, Vargas-Moreno I, Herrera-Meza S Abstract The present study evaluated the effects of blackberry juice that is rich in different concentrations of anthocyanins and polyphenols (2.6 mg/kg anthocyanins, 14.57 mg/kg polyphenols; 5.83 mg/kg anthocyanins, 27.10 mg/kg polyphenols; 10.57 mg/kg anthocyanins, 38.40 mg/kg polyphenols) on anxiety-like behaviour in Wistar rats. The rats were treated with blackberry juice for 21 days and then tested in ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The human-microbiome superorganism and its modulation to restore health.
Authors: Salvucci E Abstract Microbiome is the community of microorganism that co-live with a host. The human being is the result of the integration of its genome and the coexistence with millions of microorganisms throughout its evolutionary history. Human-microbiome association can be considered a step of integration in evolution, constituting a superorganism. Many emergent diseases are related to the loss of part of this microbiome and its restoration can be achieved by different strategies. Gut microbiome imbalance is particularly associated with numerous inflammatory, immune and nervous system-related diseases...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

What is the cobalamin status among vegetarians and vegans in Australia?
Authors: Chandra-Hioe MV, Lee C, Arcot J Abstract Water-soluble vitamin B12 (cobalamin) plays a vital role in normal blood function and neurological functioning. Clinical and subclinical B12 deficiency has been notably reported in vegans, vegetarians, the elderly and metformin-treated diabetics. Currently, the prevalence of cobalamin deficiency among vegans and vegetarians in Australia is lacking; data on dietary intake including supplements and nutritional status are also limited. The increasing multiculturalism of Australia has seen an influx of imported foods, of which some may contain considerable vitamin B12. ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary approach to stop hypertension diet and risk of coronary artery disease: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.
Authors: Yang ZQ, Yang Z, Duan ML Abstract Adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet can lower blood pressure, but its role in preventing coronary artery disease (CAD) remains in debate. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies to address this issue. We carried out a systematical search in databases of PubMed and Embase to screen out eligible publications. Relative risks (RRs) of CAD in the included studies were summarised using random-effect meta-analysis. Dose-response association between DASH diet score and CAD risk was also evaluated. Seven prospective studies ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dried fruit and public health - what does the evidence tell us?
Authors: Sadler MJ, Gibson S, Whelan K, Ha MA, Lovegrove J, Higgs J Abstract A scientific workshop held in the UK explored the potential contribution of traditional dried fruits to public health, identified gaps in the evidence and addressed priorities for research. Presentations considered the categorisation and composition of dried fruits; dried fruit and gastrointestinal health; the polyphenol content of dried fruits and their potential contribution to health; dried fruit and appetite in relation to the psychology of snacking and obesity; dried fruit and dental health including its role as a snack; and conflicts...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Lactobacillus plantarum ITM21B fermentation product and chickpea flour enhance the nutritional profile of salt reduced bakery products.
Authors: Di Biase M, Bavaro AR, Lonigro SL, Pontonio E, Conte A, Padalino L, Minisci A, Lavermicocca P, Valerio F Abstract The study aimed at improving the nutritional profile of yeast leavened salt reduced sliced bread and puccia type bread fortified with a wheat-based Lactobacillus plantarum ITM21B fermentation product (Bio21B). The protein content of bread made under laboratory conditions was increased by using: (i) chickpea flour (CF) (15% wt/wt flour) and Bio21B or (ii) the Bio21B containing a fungal protease to favour the gluten hydrolysis. Products showed increased protein and total amino acid content and im...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Food or nutrient pattern assessment using the principal component analysis applied to food questionnaires. Pitfalls, tips and tricks.
Authors: Ricci C, Baumgartner J, Wentzel-Viljoen E, Smuts CM Abstract We considered the Blom's transformation, a statistical method aimed to normalise and standardise food intakes before principal component analysis. A simulation study was performed to evaluate the eigenvalue distribution of a correlation matrix under common conditions in food questionnaire analysis. The scree plot visual inspection and the Guttman-Kaiser (GK) criterion were compared to Horn's parallel analysis to evaluate their efficacy in food pattern identification. The scree plot results as a monotone continuous series when no food patterns are...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Mental health status and dietary intake among California adults: a population-based survey.
Authors: Banta JE, Segovia-Siapco G, Crocker CB, Montoya D, Alhusseini N Abstract California Health Interview Survey (2005-2015) data were used to examine the association between dietary intake frequencies and mental health - Kessler-6 scores categorised as no/low (NLPD), moderate (MPD) or serious psychological distress (SPD). The 245,891 surveys represented 27.7 million adults annually, with 13.2% having MPD and 3.7% SPD. Survey-adjusted regression adjusting for gender, age, race, education, poverty, marital status, BMI, geography and year found MPD and SPD associated with lower consumption of fruits (adjusted odd...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Broccoli ingestion increases the glucosinolate hydrolysis activity of microbiota in the mouse gut.
Authors: Wu Y, Shen Y, Zhu Y, Mupunga J, Zou L, Liu C, Liu S, Mao J Abstract After consuming broccoli, isothiocyanates can be produced by the hydrolytic action of myrosinase from plant and/or microbiota. Using male C57BL/6 mice, the present study investigated the effects of broccoli ingestion on the myrosinase-like activity, NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) activity, diversity and composition of the gut microbiota. Compared with the control group, continuously feeding raw or hydrolysed broccoli increased the myrosinase-like activities of the colon and caecum contents, and also improved the NQO1 activity of t...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Polyphenol-enriched azuki bean (Vina angularis) extract reduces the oxidative stress and prevents DNA oxidation in the hearts of streptozotocin-induced early diabetic rats.
We examined the changes in the heart of rats at the early stages of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes, and whether azuki bean extract (ABE) could influence these changes. The experimental diabetic rats received 0 or 40 mg/kg of ABE orally for 4 weeks, whereas the control group rats received distilled water. 8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and expression of proteins associated with peroxisomal FA β-oxidation as well as oxidative stress markers were examined. The levels of peroxisomal ACOX1 and catalase of the diabetic groups were significantly higher than those in the control group. The levels of...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Sweeteners modulate bioactivity of endothelial progenitor cells but not induce detrimental effects both on inflammation and behavioural changes.
This study sought to determine the possible detrimental effects of several low- or non-caloric sweeteners on endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), inflammation and behavioural changes in mice. C57BL/6 male mice received low and high dose of natural and artificial sweeteners for 4 weeks. EPCs, physical and biochemical variables, inflammation and behavioural changes were evaluated. A significant reduction of about 25% of EPCs was found when mice received a moderate amount of all sweeteners (p 
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Short-term high-fat meal intake alters the expression of circadian clock-, inflammation-, and oxidative stress-related genes in human skeletal muscle.
Authors: Budai Z, Balogh L, Sarang Z Abstract Dietary food, depending on timing, amount and composition can influence gene expression in various tissues. Here, we investigated the effect of high-fat meal diets of different compositions on the gene expression pattern of human skeletal muscle. Gene expression data of skeletal muscle samples from human volunteers prior and 4 h after the consumption of high lipid-containing meal consisting of either saturated-, monounsaturated- or polyunsaturated fatty acids were downloaded from the public repository. List of 843 differently expressed genes (DEGs) was generated....
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Barriers and solutions to improving nutrition among fire academy recruits: a qualitative assessment.
Authors: Sotos-Prieto M, Jin Q, Rainey D, Coyle M, Kales SN Abstract The primary health concerns among US firefighters are cardiovascular disease, cancer, and depression and occur in an occupational setting where dietary habits are suboptimal. To understand if a diet or lifestyle modification works in a fire academy training setting, it is important to evaluate the cultural barriers and challenges that might be faced. A semi-structured telephone interview method followed by a focus group was used to gather common themes among fire service leaders. Twelve leaders participated in the telephonic interviews and a subse...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Impact of dietary lipoic acid supplementation on liver mitochondrial bioenergetics and oxidative status on normally fed Wistar rats.
Authors: Valdecantos MP, Pérez-Matute P, Prieto-Hontoria P, Moreno-Aliaga MJ, Martínez JA Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the effects of α-lipoic acid (α-LA) on liver mitochondrial bioenergetics and oxidative status for 8 weeks in normal-healthy animals. A pair-fed group was included to differentiate between α-LA direct effects and those changes due to reduced food intake. α-LA decreased body weight gain, liver weight and insulin levels with no differences compared to its pair-fed group. α-LA significantly reduced energy efficiency, the activity of th...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Fruit and vegetable consumption and health outcomes: an umbrella review of observational studies.
Authors: Angelino D, Godos J, Ghelfi F, Tieri M, Titta L, Lafranconi A, Marventano S, Alonzo E, Gambera A, Sciacca S, Buscemi S, Ray S, Galvano F, Del Rio D, Grosso G Abstract The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive evaluation of current evidence on fruit and vegetable consumption and health outcomes. A systematic search for quantitative syntheses was performed. Several criteria, including study design, dose-response relationship, heterogeneity and agreement of results over time, and identification of potential confounding factors, were used to assess the level of evidence. The strongest (probable) evi...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Coffee consumption and metabolic syndrome: a dose-response relationship.
Authors: Kawada T PMID: 30747557 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Assessment of fat-free mass from bioelectrical impedance analysis in men and women with Prader-Willi syndrome: cross-sectional study.
Authors: Bedogni G, Grugni G, Tringali G, Tamini S, Marzullo P, Sartorio A Abstract We have recently shown that population-specific formulae are required to estimate fat-free mass (FFM) from bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in obese women with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) matched by age and percent fat mass (FM) to non-PWS women. The present cross-sectional study was aimed at developing generalised BIA equations that could be used in PWS subjects independently of sex and FM. We used dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to measure FFM and BIA to measure whole-body impedance at 50 kHz (Z50) in 34 women and 21...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 5, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Impact of year of harvest, genotype and cultivation method on bioactives and Pru d 1 allergen content in plums.
Authors: Picchi V, Lo Scalzo R, Kurze E, Fibiani M, Vangdal E, Schwab W Abstract The present work studied the effect of the year of harvest, the genotype and the cultivation method on the nutritional quality and the allergen content of three plum cultivars. The common quality parameters and the phytochemical content strongly varied with the year and the cultivar, while the system of cultivation had a minor influence. In particular, ascorbic acid greatly decreased in 2016 compared to 2015, while polyphenols were higher in 2016. The health-promoting compounds, and particularly phenolics, were significantly correlated...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The implications of following dietary advice regarding fish consumption frequency and meal size for the benefit (EPA  + DHA and Se) versus risk (MeHg) assessment.
The implications of following dietary advice regarding fish consumption frequency and meal size for the benefit (EPA + DHA and Se) versus risk (MeHg) assessment. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2019 Jan 14;:1-15 Authors: Afonso C, Bernardo I, Bandarra NM, Martins LL, Cardoso C Abstract Fish contain healthy nutrients, such as ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, particularly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which protect against cardiovascular disease, and selenium (Se), which reduces methylmercury (MeHg) toxicity. Fish are also a dietary source of MeHg. This requires an a...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Factors affecting consumers' decisions on the use of nutraceuticals: a systematic review.
This study aims to systematically review and critically appraise all available evidence to identify the factors affecting consumers' decisions in taking nutraceuticals. Questionnaire, interview or focus group studies which directly reported factors affecting consumers' decisions in using nutraceuticals were included. A thematic synthesis method was employed to synthesis the findings from the included studies. Out of the 76 studies included, the key factors identified as the most important factors motivating consumers to take nutraceuticals were the perceived health benefits and safety of nutraceuticals, as well as the advi...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research