Mediterranean diet adherence and metabolic syndrome in US adolescents.
Authors: Kim RJ, Lopez R, Snair M, Tang A Abstract The Mediterranean diet (MD) has been found to lower the risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes in adults. Little is known about its acceptance and relationship to cardiovascular risk markers in US adolescents. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, years 2007-2014, we performed a cross-sectional analysis of adherence to the Mediterranean diet among a representative sample of US adolescents (n = 4223), factors that influence adherence, and whether adherence is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors including me...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Vitamin D3 content of cows' milk produced in Northern Ireland and its efficacy as a vehicle for vitamin D fortification: a UK model.
Authors: Weir RR, Johnston M, Lowis C, Fearon AM, Stewart S, Strain JJ, Pourshahidi LK Abstract Cows' milk is a relatively poor source of vitamin D but figures listed in UK food composition tables may be outdated. Samples of milk were collected for 1-year and vitamin D3 concentrations analysed using HPLC. Milk consumption data were obtained from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (Years 1-4). A theoretical model applied vitamin D3 fortifications of 1 μg, 1.5 μg and 2 μg/100g to simulate improvements in vitamin D intakes. Mean ± SD vitamin D3 in whole milk was 0...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Lactobacillus plantarum 22A-3 exerts anti-allergic activity through TGF- β secretion in passive cutaneous anaphylaxis of mice.
In this study, Lactobacillus plantarum 22 A-3 (LP22A3) exerted an anti-allergic effect in passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) reaction and increased transforming growth factor (TGF)-β contents in blood. The increase of TGF-β contents in blood by exogenous TGF-β injection intraperitoneally decreased Evans blue release into mice ears to the same level as LP22A3 treatment in PCA reaction. LP22A3 treatment directly to RBL-2H3 cells shows no effect on β-hexosaminidase release from RBL-2H3 but inhibited its release using the Caco-2/RBL-2H3 cells co-culture system stimulated with LP22A3 from the apical ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary inflammatory index score, glucose control and cardiovascular risk factors profile in people with type 2 diabetes.
In conclusion, E-DII is a potent marker of overall quality of the diet and is associated with an unfavourable cardiovascular risk factor profile. PMID: 33045863 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Comparisons of different vitamin D supplementation for prevention of osteoporotic fractures: a Bayesian network meta-analysis and meta-regression of randomised controlled trials.
Authors: Li S, Xi C, Li L, Long Z, Zhang N, Yin H, Xie K, Wu Z, Tian J, Wang F, Wang M Abstract Previous randomised controlled trials have shown the controversial effectiveness of oral vitamin D supplementation in preventing osteoporotic fractures. PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library electronic databases were searched. Pairwise meta-analysis, Bayesian network meta-analysis and meta-regression were applied. A total of 33 studies containing 83,083 participants were included. Oral vitamin D supplementation showed no statistically significant on reducing the risk of total fractures (RR = 0.96, 95%CI = 0.87-1.05 p&thins...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Metabolites of the ellagitannin, geraniin inhibit human ACE; in  vitro and in silico evidence.
Metabolites of the ellagitannin, geraniin inhibit human ACE; in vitro and in silico evidence. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Oct 09;:1-8 Authors: Looi D, Goh BH, Khan SU, Ahemad N, Palanisamy UD Abstract Hypertension is defined as the persistence of elevated blood pressure in the circulation system. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is a major modulator of blood pressure. Among the risk factors of cardiovascular disease, hypertension is the most preventable and treatable, with drugs such as ACE inhibitors. Many ACE inhibitors are known to have undesirable side effects and hence, natural alternat...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary fibre modifies gut microbiota: what's the role of (poly)phenols?
Authors: Mena P, Bresciani L Abstract The association between dietary consumption of fibre and health-related gut bacteria is essential but not unique. (Poly)phenols are among the most important bioactive components contained in fibre-rich foods. For this reason, the role of (poly)phenols when considering dietary fibres and health outcomes should be taken into account, as synergic or mediating factors contributing to human health. PMID: 32993403 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Cheese as a functional food for older adults: comparing the bioactive properties of different cheese matrices following simulated gastrointestinal in  vitro digestion.
Cheese as a functional food for older adults: comparing the bioactive properties of different cheese matrices following simulated gastrointestinal in vitro digestion. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Sep 23;:1-14 Authors: Plante AM, McCarthy AL, O'Halloran F Abstract Age-related changes to the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) can impact how food is digested. Studying the effects of these changes can help identify functional foods for older adults. Cheese was digested using two simulated gastrointestinal in vitro digestion (SGID) models representing adult and elderly gastro-intestinal conditions. Antioxi...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

How does scientific information reach the consumer? A case study among students into providing verbal information on dietary supplements at point of purchase.
Authors: Lenssen KGM, Bast A, de Boer A Abstract Consumers of dietary supplements should be made aware of the benefits and risks of these products. This case study therefore aimed to identify the content of the risk-benefit information provided during the purchase of St. John's wort supplements and how consumers perceive this information. Fifteen participants visited a shop to purchase St. John's wort supplements after which they were interviewed on the provided information during the visit. This case study shows that the spontaneous information provision is not consistent in Dutch drugstores and health food shops....
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Calcium intake from different food sources in Italian women without and with non-previously diagnosed osteoporosis.
Authors: Martini D, Rosi A, Angelino D, Passeri G Abstract An adequate calcium and vitamin D intake may play a role in preventing osteoporosis, but the contribution of the different food sources of calcium with regards to the risk of osteoporosis been barely explored. This observational study evaluated the calcium intake through a food frequency questionnaire in 126 adult women with not previously diagnosed osteoporosis undergoing Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) to screen for osteoporosis, and to correlate the calcium intake with parameters of bone density, measured by DXA. Total daily calcium intake and dai...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The impact of catechins included in high fat diet on AMP-dependent protein kinase in apoE knock-out mice.
This study was designed to evaluate the impact of native and thermally modified catechins (TMC) on the body weight gain, fatty acid profile in subcutaneous adipose tissue and the activity of the enzymes involved in lipid metabolism regulation: AMP-dependent protein kinase (AMPK) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) in apoE-deficient mice maintained on a high-fat diet. We observed that TMC decreased bodyweight gain as compared to the control group. Furthermore, TMC increased AMPK activity and reduced ACC activity in the metabolically important tissues: intestine, liver and subcutaneous adipose tissue and affected adipose tissue...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary calamondin supplementation slows the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in C57BL/6 mice fed a high-fat diet.
Authors: Shimizu K, Egusa Y, Nishimuta S, Fukumura Y, Yoshimura M, Inomoto T, Terada T, Tomita K, Nishinaka T Abstract Obesity is associated with an increased risk of metabolic abnormalities. The citrus fruit calamondin contains nobiletin and hesperidin, which are involved in lipid metabolism, and vitamin C, which is an antioxidant. We investigated the metabolic profiles of C57BL/6 mice fed a normal diet, high-fat diet (HFD), HFD + 1% (w/w) calamondin puree (HFD + CL1), or HFD + 5% (w/w) calamondin puree (HFD + CL5). Glucose tolerance was significantly higher in HFD + CL th...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Honey and children: only a grandma's panacea or a real useful tool?
In conclusion, honey does not only represent a grandma's remedy, but is a real useful tool in different clinical settings, including paediatrics practice. However, there is a need for high-quality, large randomised controlled trials confirming effectiveness and practical application of honey in paediatric population. PMID: 32840151 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 27, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The haplotype of SLC2A9_rs3733591, PKD2_rs2725220 and ABCG2_rs2231142 increases the hyperuricaemia risk and alcohol, chicken and processed meat intakes and smoking interact with its risk.
In conclusion, people carrying minor alleles of the haplotype of SLC2A9_rs3733591, PKD2_rs2725220 and ABCG2_rs2231142 should avoid diets high in chicken and processed meat, alcohol drinking, and cigarette smoking to protect against hyperuricaemia risk. PMID: 32806975 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Processed and ultra-processed foods: coming to a health problem?
Authors: Srour B, Touvier M PMID: 32799725 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Probiotics and Covid-19.
Authors: Bottari B, Castellone V, Neviani E Abstract Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become pandemic very rapidly at the beginning of 2020. In the rush to possible therapeutic options, probiotics administration has been proposed mainly based on indirect observation. Some evidence of COVID-19 effects on intestinal microbiota dysbiosis has been shown and probiotics have been considered for their efficacy in the management of respiratory tract viral infections. These observations could be reinforced by the more and more evident existence of a lung-gut axis, suggesting the modulation of gut microbiota among the...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

FTO gene-lifestyle interactions on serum adiponectin concentrations and central obesity in a Turkish population.
Authors: Isgin-Atici K, Alsulami S, Turan-Demirci B, Surendran S, Sendur SN, Lay I, Karabulut E, Ellahi B, Lovegrove JA, Alikasifoglu M, Erbas T, Vimaleswaran KS, Buyuktuncer Z Abstract The aim of the study was to investigate whether lifestyle factors modify the association between fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and obesity in a Turkish population. The study included 400 unrelated individuals, aged 24-50 years recruited in a hospital setting. Dietary intake and physical activity were assessed using 24-hour dietary recall and self-report questionnaire, respectively....
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effects on consumers' subjective understanding of a new front-of-pack nutritional label: a study on Italian consumers.
This study explores consumers' internal reactions - in terms of subjective understanding and liking - to a new FOPL: the NutrInform Battery. The investigation aims to assess the clear comprehension by consumers of the information provided by the NutrInform Battery FOPL scheme, based on a sample of 200 Italian respondents, in a real-life setting, with products representative of the most widely consumed food categories, using a between-subject design. Participants were randomly assigned to one of the two conditions: products marked with NutrInform Battery or Nutri-Score labels. The results provided evidence of the effectiven...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Triterpenoid saponins in tea (Camellia sinensis) plants: biosynthetic gene expression, content variations, chemical identification and cytotoxicity.
This study paves a road towards clarifying the biosynthesis and genetic improvement of saponins in tea plants. PMID: 32746657 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Supplementation with alpha-linolenic acid and inflammation: a feasibility trial.
We report the absence of side effects. such as fishy aftertaste and gastrointestinal distress, in addition to a slight decrease of C-reactive protein concentrations (Identifier: ISRCTN13118704). PMID: 32746658 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The development of a Chinese Healthy Eating Index for School-age Children and its Application in children from China Health and Nutrition Survey.
This study aimed to develop a Chinese Healthy Eating Index for School-age Children (CHEI-SC), apply it in the 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) to assess dietary quality, and compared it with our former developed index named CHEI. Data of 3-day 24-hour diet recalls and household food inventory survey from 1600 school-age children in CHNS-2011 were used to develop the CHEI-SC, using the methods of standard portion size, energy-density-based approach, and least restrictive approach. The CHEI-SC included 19 components with a total score (T-score) ranging from 0 to 100. The investigated children had a median score ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of consumption of ancient grain bread leavened with sourdough or with baker's yeast on cardio-metabolic risk parameters: a dietary intervention trial.
Authors: Pagliai G, Venturi M, Dinu M, Galli V, Colombini B, Giangrandi I, Maggini N, Sofi F, Granchi L Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the effect of consumption of ancient grain "Verna" bread obtained by two different leavening agents, sourdough (SD) and baker's yeast (BY), on inflammatory parameters and cardiometabolic risk factors. Seventeen clinically healthy subjects were included to consume SD or BY bread for 4 weeks each, and blood analyses were carried out. The consumption of "Verna" bread obtained with both leavening agents led to a significant improvement of LDL ch...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Beneficial effect of walnuts on vascular tone is associated with Akt signalling, voltage-dependent calcium channel LTCC and ATP-sensitive potassium channel Kv1.2.
Authors: Stanisic J, Ivkovic T, Romic S, Zec M, Culafic T, Stojiljkovic M, Koricanac G Abstract Consumption of walnuts is beneficial for cardiovascular health. To study walnut effects on proteins involved in vascular tone regulation, control and fructose-fed rats were subjected to walnut diet for 6 weeks. In contrast with increased energy intake and body mass gain, aortic protein level of L-type calcium channel alpha subunit was decreased and the level of SUR2B subunit of ATP-sensitive K + channel was increased in healthy rats subjected to walnuts, together with improved Akt phosphorylation. Up...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The effect of canola, sesame and sesame-canola oils on body fat and composition in adults: a triple-blind, three-way randomised cross-over clinical trial.
Authors: Moghtaderi F, Amiri M, Zimorovat A, Raeisi-Dehkordi H, Rahmanian M, Hosseinzadeh M, Fallahzadeh H, Salehi-Abargouei A Abstract The present study aimed to examine the effect of replacing edible oils with sesame oil (SO), canola oil (CO) and sesame-canola oil (SCO) on body weight and composition in adults. Adults without any chronic diseases (n = 77) were entered a 4-week run-in period and then were randomised to receive SO, CO and SCO for their household use in 9-week intervention periods (separated by 4-week washout intervals). Anthropometric measurements, as well as body composition markers,...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives isolated from hempseed and their effects on central nervous system enzymes.
Authors: Rea J, García-Giménez MD, Santiago M, De la Puerta R, Fernández-Arche MA Abstract New neuroprotective treatments of natural origin are being investigated. Both, plant extracts and isolated compounds have shown bioactive effects. Hempseed is known for its composition of fatty acids, proteins, fibre, vitamins, as well as a large number of phytochemical compounds. After a defatting process of the seeds, hydroxycinnamic acids and its amine derivatives are the majoritarian compounds in an ethyl acetate fraction (EAF). In the present study, we investigated in vitro effect on neuronal en...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 17, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet among Italian adults: results from the web-based Medi-Lite questionnaire.
In conclusion, we found that some sub-groups of our population (males, younger individuals, and those with lower levels of education) need to improve their diet for reaching higher adherence scores to the MD. PMID: 32657181 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The impact of socioeconomic and environmental determinants on Mediterranean diet adherence: a municipal-level spatial analysis in Athens metropolitan area, Greece.
Authors: Tsiampalis T, Faka A, Kouvari M, Psaltopoulou T, Pitsavos C, Chalkias C, Panagiotakos DB Abstract The aim of this study was to identify the geographical variability, the socio-economic and the environmental determinants of adherence to the Mediterranean diet in a general population sample. Level of adherence to the Mediterranean diet was estimated by the ATTICA epidemiological study for 2,749 participants, while socio-economic, demographic, and environmental characteristics were provided by official national and international databases. Higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet was detected in areas with ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Biomarker-based validity of a food frequency questionnaire estimating intake in Brazilian children and adolescents.
This study evaluated the validity of nutrient and food group intakes estimated by an FFQ against biomarkers. A 71-item semiquantitative FFQ was administered to 210 Brazilian children and adolescents aged 9-13 years. Intakes were correlated with biomarkers in plasma and red blood cells. Correlations between nutrients and their biomarkers were presented for animal protein, myristic acid (C14:0), EPA, DHA, β-carotene, folate, and vitamins B3, B5 and B6. Food groups and biomarkers were correlated as follows: fish products with EPA and DHA; milk and dairy with C14:0, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate and vitamin B12; total veg...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Do chronic noncommunicable diseases modify the macronutrient composition of human milk?
This study aims to evaluate the impact of excess body weight, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension on the nutritional composition of human milk. This cohort study was conducted at a tertiary public health unit in the city of Rio de Janeiro from March 2016 to February 2018. The data were collected in two stages (96 hours and one month after delivery). The macronutrients (carbohydrate, protein, lipid) and total energy were determined using the MIRIS® equipment. The level of significance was 5%. Higher protein content was observed in the nutritional composition of colostrum in women with diabetes mellitus. A higher ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Adherence to healthy dietary patterns and outcomes of assisted reproduction: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
In conclusion, greater adherence to a healthy dietary pattern rich in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes and fish, may not be significantly related to ART success. PMID: 32633179 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Similar late effects of a 7-week orthodox religious fasting and a time restricted eating pattern on anthropometric and metabolic profiles of overweight adults.
Authors: Karras SN, Koufakis T, Adamidou L, Polyzos SA, Karalazou P, Thisiadou K, Zebekakis P, Makedou K, Kotsa K Abstract A hypocaloric diet, based on Orthodox fasting (OF) was followed by 29 overweight adults. A low-calorie, 16/8, time restricted eating (TRE) pattern was followed by 16 age- and weight-matched participants. Anthropometric, lipid, glycaemic and inflammation markers were assessed at baseline, at the end of the intervention (7 weeks from baseline) and 6 weeks after the cessation of diets (13 weeks from baseline). There was a trend of weight loss in both groups, which was evident ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Reformulation and food combination as strategies to modulate glycaemia: the case of apple pomace containing biscuits administered with apple juice to healthy rats.
Authors: Alongi M, Verardo G, Gorassini A, Sillani S, Degrassi C, Anese M Abstract Conventional (CB) and apple-pomace-reformulated (RB) biscuits were administered to healthy rats. Although the areas under curve (AUC) of glucose concentration were comparable between samples, differences in the glycaemic profile of CB and RB were observed. RB caused an initial steeper increase in glycaemia but a shift in the glycaemic peak from 45 to 60 min, as compared to CB. When CB or RB was ingested with apple juice (AJ) no differences were observed as compared to their ingestion with a soft drink (SD) simulating AJ sugar ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Fruit and vegetable intake is inversely associated with type 2 diabetes in Chinese women: results from the China Health and Nutrition Survey.
This study aimed to evaluate the associations between fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and the risk of prediabetes or type 2 diabetes (T2D). It is a cross-sectional study that involved 6802 participants aged 18-65 years. Dietary intake and other variables were assessed by questionnaires. The prevalence of prediabetes and T2D was ascertained by self-report and analyses of fasting blood samples. In the multiple logistic regression models, FV intake was negatively associated the risk of T2D in women (OR = 0.45, 95% CI: 0.28, 0.71), whereas no such association was observed in men (OR = 0.98, 95% CI: 0.65, 1.47). Furtherm...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Appropriate age at solid introduction: is EFSA extending the individualised window on a sounding scientific evidence?
Authors: Dipasquale V, Agostoni C, Romano C Abstract The appropriate age at introduction of complementary foods (CFs) has always been a matter of debate. The Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA) of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) recently produced a Scientific Opinion based on a systematic literature search, supporting the existence of an age range for the introduction of CFs, which vary according to the characteristics of the individual. Furthermore, it concluded that the early introduction of CFs is not associated with either adverse or beneficial health effects at any age. The intro...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Feasibility and acceptability of a nutritional intervention testing the effects of nitrate-rich beetroot juice and folic acid on blood pressure in Tanzanian adults with elevated blood pressure.
This study evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of nitrate-rich beetroot and folate supplementation, alone or combined, for the reduction of blood pressure (BP) in Tanzanian adults with elevated BP. This was a three-arm double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel randomised clinical trial. Forty-eight participants were randomised to one of three groups to follow a specific 60-day intervention which included a: (1) combined intervention (beetroot juice + folate), (2) single intervention (beetroot juice + placebo), and (3) control group (nitrate-depleted beetroot juice + placeb...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Impact of dietary propionate on fructose-induced changes in lipid metabolism, gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acids in mice.
Authors: Brütting C, Lara Bisch M, Brandsch C, Hirche F, Stangl GI Abstract Propionate has antimicrobial activity and is suggested to influence lipid metabolism. Here, we investigated the effect of propionate on lipid metabolism and the gut microbiome in fructose-fed mice as a model of diet-induced steatosis and gut dysbiosis. Therefore, 48 male wild-type mice were fed isoenergetic diets with either 0% fructose (F-) or 40% fructose (F+) that contained 0% propionate (P-) or 1% propionate (P+) for 7 weeks. Mice that received the F+ diets developed fatty livers, had fewer small intestinal proteobact...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 7, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Chemopreventive effects of raw and roasted oat flakes after in  vitro fermentation with human faecal microbiota.
Chemopreventive effects of raw and roasted oat flakes after in vitro fermentation with human faecal microbiota. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Jun 01;:1-13 Authors: Glei M, Zetzmann S, Lorkowski S, Dawczynski C, Schlörmann W Abstract The aim of the present study was to analyse chemopreventive effects of oat flakes under consideration of processing. Thin and thick flakes were roasted and subjected to an in vitro digestion and fermentation. Fermentation supernatants (FS) were characterised and chemopreventive effects were analysed in LT97 colon adenoma cells. Compared to the fermentation contro...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Bread making with sourdough and intact cereal and legume grains - effect on glycaemic index and glycaemic load.
In this study, we sought to develop low-GI bread prototypes and examined the effects of bread making on content of total dietary fibre (TDF) and resistant starch (RS). Five bread prototypes were made in a commercial bakery, using sourdough fermentation and intact cereal and legume kernels. Predicted (p-GI) and in vivo GI values were determined, and TDF and RS were quantified. The p-GI value of the five prototypes was between 56 and 68. The confirmed in vivo GI value was 65 and 67 for two of the breads. The TDF content (≥17%) was not affected by bread making, but RS content was increased by three-fold. All brea...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 31, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and weight status in children: the role of parental feeding practices.
Authors: Costarelli V, Michou M, Panagiotakos DB, Lionis C Abstract The study examines Parental Feeding Practices (PFP) in relation to adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) and children's weight status. It's a cross-sectional study of 402 parents (68.4% mothers), with children aged 2-12 years. Parents completed the Comprehensive Parental Feeding Questionnaire and the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index for children and adolescents (KIDMED), evaluating children's adherence to the MD. Logistic regression showed that in children aged 2-
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Long-term resveratrol treatment improves the capillarization in the skeletal muscles of ageing C57BL/6J mice.
Authors: Toniolo L, Formoso L, Torelli L, Crea E, Bergamo A, Sava G, Giacomello E Abstract We recently showed that the treatment with Resveratrol (RES) contrasts the effects of ageing on the skeletal muscle (SKM), reduces the appearance of tubular aggregates (TAs), and improves the fatigue resistance. Since fatigue resistance depends on the SKM capillary network, and RES has been described to improve vascularisation, we analysed the SKM capillarization in naturally ageing C57BL/6J male mice, fed with 0.04% RES in the diet for 6 months, which showed a better fatigue resistance in a previous work. Our data sho...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Consumption of a smoothie or cereal-based breakfast: impact on thirst, hunger, appetite and subsequent dietary intake.
This study examined consumption of cereal and milk (CM) or a nutritionally comparable fruit smoothie (FS) for breakfast on subsequent dietary behaviours, in a controlled laboratory setting. Twenty-five participants (age 25 ± 6 y) completed three trials, receiving either CM or FS for breakfast. Afterwards, participants remained isolated for 4 h with ad libitum access to foods/beverages. A repeat trial (CM or FS) allowed exploration of normal variability. Post-breakfast energy intake (EI) (CM = 1465(2436) vs. FS = 1787(3190) kJ, Median (IQR), p = 0.099), time to intake of next...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Influence of the addition of different ingredients on the bioaccessibility of glucose released from rice during dynamic in  vitro gastrointestinal digestion.
Influence of the addition of different ingredients on the bioaccessibility of glucose released from rice during dynamic in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 May 18;:1-12 Authors: Fernandes JM, Madalena DA, Vicente AA, Pinheiro AC Abstract Rice represents a primary source of carbohydrates in human nutrition. Upon its consumption, the released sugars are mostly absorbed, categorising rice as a high glycemic index food. Addition of ingredients is common practice when cooking rice, which may affect rice digestibility and influence nutrients absorption in the gastrointestinal ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

FOODLIT-PRO: conceptual and empirical development of the food literacy wheel.
Authors: Rosas R, Pimenta F, Leal I, Schwarzer R Abstract Pursuing food systems' sustainability is crucial. Given the risk constituted by unhealthy diets, scarce research on food-related adjacent fields, and inconsistency across food literacy conceptualizations, this study aims to explore the constructs' definition and develop a conceptual and empirical framework of food literacy. A quantitative approach was taken on previously obtained qualitative outcomes from 30 interviews with experts from food-related fields. Food literacy was defined by a four-dimension model: Cooking Skills, Preserve and Analyse, Choice and ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The opera prevention project.
In conclusion the OPERA PREVENTION PROJECT could represent a health promotion intervention reproducible in all the countries having high rates of subjects with obesity and overweight. PMID: 32401074 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Maternal soy protein isolate diet during lactation programmes to higher metabolic risk in adult male offspring.
Authors: de Almeida Brasiel PG, Schuchter Ferreira M, Vieira AM, Sarto Figueiredo M, Cristina Lisboa P, Gaspar de Moura E, Cesar Ferraz Lopes F, de Aguiar AS, Luquetti Dutra SCP Abstract Soy consumption and its components, including its protein, are related to the beneficial effects of the lipid profile, decreased insulin resistance and glycaemia. However, the safety of the consumption of products containing phytoestrogens in critical stages of development has been questioned, since they may be associated with endocrine-metabolic dysfunctions in adult life. The purpose is to evaluate the effects of maternal dietary...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Is Mediterranean diet still a common dietary pattern in the Mediterranean area?
Authors: Martini D, Bes-Restrollo M PMID: 32375519 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of orthodox religious fasting versus combined energy and time restricted eating on body weight, lipid concentrations and glycaemic profile.
Authors: Karras SN, Koufakis T, Adamidou L, Antonopoulou V, Karalazou P, Thisiadou K, Mitrofanova E, Mulrooney H, Petróczi A, Zebekakis P, Makedou K, Kotsa K Abstract For seven weeks, 37 overweight adults followed a hypocaloric diet based on Orthodox Fasting (OF). A hypocaloric, time restricted eating (TRE) plan (eating between 08:00 to 16:00 h, water fasting from 16:00 to 08:00 h) was followed by 23 Body Mass Index (BMI)-matched participants. Anthropometric, glycaemic and inflammation markers and serum lipids were assessed before and after the diets. Both OF and TRE groups demonstrated reducti...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of the intake of craft or industrial beer on serum homocysteine.
Authors: Rossi F, Spigno G, Luzzani G, Bozzoni ME, Donadini G, Rolla J, Bertuzzi T Abstract Beer is a source of folate, vitamin B6 and B12, molecules involved in the pathways of homocysteine (HCY), a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. This research evaluated if a consumption of craft or industrial beer could reduce serum HCY. In a randomised cross-over study, 12 men (28.7 ± 6.0 years) and 12 women (29.4 ± 7.5 years), healthy, omnivorous, with normal body mass index, non-smoking and not taking oral supplements or contraceptives, followed a free-living diet...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Polyphenols intervention is an effective strategy to ameliorate inflammatory bowel disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
In conclusions, polyphenols might be an effective adjuvant treatment for ameliorating IBD. Considering the relatively few studies included in our present study, further clinical trials are required to verify the effects of polyphenols on IBD. PMID: 32369394 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Comparison of utilisation and fermentation of highly cross-linked phosphate starches produced from two different plant origins, potato and tapioca in rats and humans.
Authors: Hamanaka M, Stewart M, Miyahara K, Nakamura S, Oku T Abstract The utilisation and fermentation of highly cross-linked phosphate starches made from two different origins, potato (HXL-P) and tapioca (HXL-T) were investigated in rats and humans. HXL-P and HXL-T were highly resistant to digestion by carbohydrate enzymes and were also resistant to fermentation by gut microbiota in rats. The postprandial blood glucose scarcely increased after administration of HXL-P or HXL-T in healthy humans. Incremental AUC of both HXL-P and HXL-T for 180 min was significantly lower than that of glucose (p 
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research