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Anthropometric and metabolic improvements in human type 2 diabetes after introduction of an Okinawan-based Nordic diet are not associated with changes in microbial diversity or SCFA concentrations.
Authors: Huang F, Nilholm C, Roth B, Linninge C, Höglund P, Nyman M, Ohlsson B Abstract The Okinawan-based Nordic (O-BN) diet improves anthropometry and metabolism in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. The aim of this study was to study mechanisms behind improvements by examining Enterobacteriaceae abundance, microbial diversity, and concentrations of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). A secondary aim was exploring if metformin treatment affects microbiota or SCFAs. Thirty T2DM patients received the O-BN diet for 12 weeks. Faecal and blood samples were collected at baseline, 12 and 28 weeks. Alt...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - December 6, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Which dietary patterns are more likely to be associated with aspects of eco-sustainable food behaviours in Italy?
Authors: Scalvedi ML, Turrini A, Saba A Abstract Sustainable food consumption (SFC) policies need further investigation into eating habits to improve interventions to encourage shifting to new consumption patterns respectful of human rights, environment and health. Reversing the usual approach focussed on sustainable consumer, the present study investigates how different eating patterns relate to eco-sustainable food. A cluster analysis was carried out on consumption frequencies of food groups recorded in an Italian national survey on 3004 respondents, providing four eating habit segments, further investigated as f...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - December 6, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Food perception at lunchtime does not depend on the nutritional and perceived characteristics of breakfast.
This study investigated the effect of minor changes in breakfast composition on the perceived attributes of foods, both at breakfast and at lunchtime. Four breakfasts were defined considering nutritional and perceptual factors. Three breakfasts varied just for a single cereal-based chocolate-containing food item, while a control breakfast mimicked fasting conditions. Breakfast perception was assessed before and after consumption. Subjects rated breakfast energy content on the basis of single items, while judged breakfast healthiness as a whole, suggesting that the combination of different ingredients can modify the perceiv...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - December 6, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

A nutritional evaluation of various typical Italian breakfast products: a comparison of macronutrient composition and glycaemic index values.
Authors: Cossu M, Chiavaroli L, Dall'Asta M, Francinelli V, Scazzina F, Brighenti F Abstract Breakfast foods with lower glycaemic responses are associated with better body weight control. Glycaemic index (GI) values of some commonly consumed breakfast foods in Italy were determined and compared, along with macronutrients. Cakes/pastries were low-medium GI (44-60), with high-sugar and saturated fat and low-fibre. Generally, mueslis and breads were medium GI (62-66 and 59-76, respectively) with higher fibre and lower saturated fat and sugar. The addition of spreads to bread lowered GI (47-66) but increased sugar and ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - December 6, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Improvement of blood lipid profiles by Goishi tea polyphenols in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study.
Authors: Ishida N, Iizuka M, Kataoka K, Okazaki M, Shiraishi K, Yagi Y, Jobu K, Yokota J, Oishi M, Moriyama H, Shimamura T, Matsumura Y, Ukeda H, Miyamura M Abstract Dyslipidaemia is a risk factor for arteriosclerosis. Recent studies have shown that dyslipidaemia is effectively prevented by various polyphenols. In this clinical study (UMIN trial: 000024028), we evaluated the beneficial effects of polyphenols contained in Goishi tea on blood lipid profiles. Seventy-seven subjects with LDL cholesterol (CHO) ≧120 mg/mL were randomly divided into two groups for 12 weeks of polyphenol intake as follows: th...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - November 30, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Suppressive effect of Okara on intestinal lipid digestion and absorption in mice ingesting high-fat diet.
Authors: Nishibori N, Kishibuchi R, Morita K Abstract Soymilk residue Okara is paid attention as a low-calorie foodstuff effective for the amelioration of obesity, and expected to have the potential ability to reduce calorie intake by suppressing the digestion and absorption of high-calorie nutrients in the intestinal tract. Then, the direct effect of Okara extract on lipase activity was examined, and this extract was shown to inhibit the enzyme activity. On the other hand, the spray-dried powder of Okara extract was suspended in a drinking water and given to mice fed with a high-fat diet. Consequently, Okara suspe...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - November 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The cardiovascular benefits of indiscriminate supplementation of omega-3 fatty acids; meta-analysis and decision-making approach.
DISCUSSION: Our analysis yielded an algorithm for estimating benefit from omega-3 supplementation, based on the age and the individual risk of CV events of the patient. PMID: 29171335 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - November 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate alleviates the malignant phenotype in A-431 epidermoid and SK-BR-3 breast cancer cell lines.
In this study, we evaluated the effects of epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) in two cancer cell lines, A-431 overexpressing ErbB1 and SK-BR-3, overexpressing ErbB2. EGCG treatment showed dose-dependent collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm), increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, changes in nuclear morphology and reduced viability. Flow cytometry data indicated that EGCG partially decreases the phosphorylation of several proteins involved in cell proliferation and survival: pErbB1(Y1173, Y1068), pAkt(S473) and pERK(Y204). EGCG affected the clonogenic growth in both cell lines with an ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - November 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary chlorogenic acid regulates gut microbiota, serum-free amino acids and colonic serotonin levels in growing pigs.
Authors: Wu Y, Liu W, Li Q, Li Y, Yan Y, Huang F, Wu X, Zhou Q, Shu X, Ruan Z Abstract Chlorogenic acid (CGA) has many biological properties, including antibacterial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, and is one of the most abundant phenolic acids available in the human diet. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of CGA on regulation of the gut microbiota, and on the levels of free amino acids and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin). Ninety-six healthy growing pigs were randomly assigned to two treatment groups: the Ctrl group (control group, standard feed) and the CGA group [standard f...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - November 17, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Cereal fibre intake in Australia: a cross-sectional analysis of the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey.
This study aimed to determine estimates of intake and food sources of cereal fibre, and relationships to dietary fibre intake in an Australian sample population. A cereal fibre database was applied to dietary intake data from the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (n = 12,153). Usual intake based on 2-day intake data was weighted to infer population results. Median daily cereal fibre intake was 6.4 g/d (9.7 g/10 MJ/d) for adults (19-85 years) and 6.2 g/d (10.2 g/10 MJ/d) for children/adolescents (2-18 years). Individuals with the hig...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - November 17, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Analysis of 17 polyphenolic compounds in organic and conventional legumes by high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) and evaluation of their antioxidant activity.
Authors: Giusti F, Caprioli G, Ricciutelli M, Torregiani E, Vittori S, Sagratini G Abstract Consumption of legumes has become popular among health-conscious consumers due to the high levels of nutrients such as proteins, dietary fibres, minerals, vitamins and micronutrients like polyphenols. Ten legumes cultivars organically and conventionally grown were compared regarding their chemical profiles in terms of total phenolic content (TPC), total anthocyanin content (TAC), total flavonoid content (TFC) and their antioxidant capacity. The chemical profiles (i.e. free phenolics and anthocyanins) were determined with aid...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - November 10, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of omnivorous and vegan diets with different protein and carbohydrate content on growth and metabolism of growing rats.
Authors: Giuberti G, Morlacchini M, Crippa L, Capraro J, Paganini B, Gallo A, Rossi F Abstract The purpose of this study was to observe, in a rat animal model, the short and medium term effects of vegan (VEG) or omnivorous (OMNI) diets with different energy partition between nutrients (zone or classic). Six different diets were administered, for 72 days to 120 growing male Sprague-Dawley rats: (i) VEG zone diet; (ii) VEG classic diet; (iii) OMNI zone diet; (iv) OMNI classic diet; (v) OMNI zone diet with added fibre and (vi) OMNI classic diet with added fibre. Zone diets (high protein and low carbohydrates), ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - November 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary components that counteract the increased risk of colorectal cancer related to red meat consumption.
Authors: Sasso A, Latella G Abstract Western-style diets are associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). In particular, a strong correlation has been documented between CRC and the consumption of large amounts of red meat, especially processed red meat. Compared with white meat, red meat contains high levels of haem iron, a molecule that can exert a variety of genotoxic and other adverse effects on the colonic epithelium. According to current international guidelines, the reduction of red meat intake combined with the consumption of food containing antioxidant and chemoprotective substances may si...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - November 4, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Association between Mediterranean diet adherence and dyslipidaemia in a cohort of adults living in the Mediterranean area.
Authors: Platania A, Zappala G, Mirabella MU, Gullo C, Mellini G, Beneventano G, Maugeri G, Marranzano M Abstract The aim of the present study was to determine the association between Mediterranean diet adherence and dyslipidaemia in a cohort of adults living in the Mediterranean area. The cross-sectional study comprised a total sample of 2044 men and women, aged>18 years old from southern Italy. The Mediterranean diet adherence was assessed using a validated score (MEDI-LITE score). Clinical data were investigated and anthropometric examinations were collected using standardised methods. Among included i...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Does a Mediterranean-type dietary pattern exert a cardio-protective effect outside the Mediterranean region? A review of current evidence.
Authors: Mocciaro G, Ziauddeen N, Godos J, Marranzano M, Chan MY, Ray S Abstract Current evidence suggests a beneficial effect of the Mediterranean diet (MD) on human health. This has led to a rise in studies investigating the role of the MD in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention outside the region of its origin. We aimed to outline the evolving understanding of the MD and to provide an overview of adherence to MD in non-Mediterranean countries and the modulatory effects of MD on CVD biomarkers. Evidence suggest that MD may exert a protective effect on CVD via ameliorating blood lipid profile and blood pressure...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Time to redefine body mass index categories in chronic diseases? Spotlight on obesity paradox.
Authors: Egom EE, Pharithi RB, Shiwani HA, Khan B, Kruzliak P, El-Hiani Y, Maher V Abstract Obesity is a complex condition classically characterised by excessive body fat accumulation and represents one of the most important public health problems worldwide. Although several epidemiological studies have shown that elevated BMI is associated with higher morbidity, and with increased rate of death from all causes and from cardiovascular disease, accumulating evidence suggests that being overweight or obese may be protective (the so-called obesity paradox), at least in chronic diseases. These observations, not only qu...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Total dietary sugar consumption does not influence sleep or behaviour in Australian children.
This study aimed to compare sugar intake in Australian children with current guidelines and determine if total sugar consumption as a percentage of energy (sugar %E) exacerbates the relationship between sleep and behaviour. A sample of 287 children aged 8-12 years (boys 48.8%, age: 10.7 ± 1.3 years), and their parents/guardians completed a battery of questionnaires. Children completed a food frequency questionnaire, and parents completed demographic, sleep, and behaviour questionnaires. Average sugar intake was 134.9 ± 71.7 g per day (sugar %E 26.0 &plus...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 20, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Enhanced vitamin B12 production in an innovative lupin tempeh is due to synergic effects of Rhizopus and Propionibacterium in cofermentation.
Authors: Signorini C, Carpen A, Coletto L, Borgonovo G, Galanti E, Capraro J, Magni C, Abate A, Johnson SK, Duranti M, Scarafoni A Abstract Fermentation represents a valuable and cost-effective approach for food stabilisation and nutritional improvement. Tempeh is an example of soybean solid-state fermentation. In this work, we investigated the possibility of producing a tempeh analogue containing high amounts of vitamin B12 using seeds of three different species of the legume lupin, namely Lupinus albus, L. angustifolius and L. mutabilis, with Rhizopus oligosporus and Propionibacterium freudenreichii cofermentatio...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 20, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary fatty acids modulation of human colon cancer cells: mechanisms and future perspectives.
Authors: Brandão D, Ribeiro L Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide and its pathogenesis is proven to be related with dietary patterns, namely dietary fatty acid (FA) intake. We reviewed the evidences regarding the effect of different dietary FAs on human CRC cell lines proliferation and apoptosis. Altogether, the results obtained from in vitro studies show that monounsaturated FAs lack evidence regarding both proliferation and apoptosis, whereas there is a consensus about the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects, involving different intracellular targets, ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary soy, meat, and fish proteins modulate the effects of prebiotic raffinose on composition and fermentation of gut microbiota in rats.
Authors: Bai G, Tsuruta T, Nishino N Abstract Soy, meat (mixture of pork and beef), and fish proteins were fed to rats with and without prebiotic raffinose (RAF), and the composition and fermentation of gut microbiota were examined. Bifidobacterium spp. populations were higher, and propionic acid concentration was lower in soy protein-fed than meat protein-fed rats. Likewise, Enterobacteriaceae populations were higher in fish protein-fed rats than other rats. RAF feeding increased Bifidobacterium spp. and decreased Faecalibacterium prausnitzii populations regardless of the dietary protein source. Interactions betwe...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Undernutrition during pregnancy and lactation increases the number of fos-cells in the reward system in response to a 5-HT6 receptor agonist in male adolescent rats.
Authors: da Silva AAM, Oliveira MM, Cavalcante TCF, do Amaral Almeida LC, Cruz PLM, de Souza SL Abstract Undernutrition promotes morphofunctional adaptations in neuroanatomical circuits, leading to behavioural changes. Adolescence is a period of vulnerability for these adaptations, such as the control of food intake and the serotonergic system. The serotonergic system is capable of promoting satiety. However, its role in hedonic control has not been fully elucidated. The involvement of the 5-HT6 receptor in motivational feeding behaviours was recently observed. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effect of a 5-HT6 ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Nutritional and sensory challenges of gluten-free bakery products: a review.
Authors: Stantiall SE, Serventi L Abstract There is a growing need for gluten-free bakery products. Currently, gluten-free bakery products deliver lower protein, fibre and mineral content and elevated glycaemic index (GI) than gluten-containing foods. Only a mixture of rice and buckwheat flour or a low addition of either egg white or whey protein, has shown potential for the improvement of both nutrition and sensory qualities. To increase the fibre content, isolated cereal fibre and soluble fibre isolates have been incorporated into gluten-free formulations with some sensory success. Studies have shown that the GI ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 30, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Claimed effects, outcome variables and methods of measurement for health claims on foods proposed under European Community Regulation 1924/2006 in the area of appetite ratings and weight management.
Authors: Martini D, Biasini B, Rossi S, Zavaroni I, Bedogni G, Musci M, Pruneti C, Passeri G, Ventura M, Galli D, Mirandola P, Vitale M, Dei Cas A, Bonadonna RC, Del Rio D Abstract All the requests for authorisation to bear health claims under Articles 13(5) and 14 in the context of appetite ratings and weight management have received a negative opinion by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), mainly because of the insufficient substantiation of the claimed effects (CEs). This manuscript results from an investigation aimed to collect, collate and critically analyse the information related to outcome variables ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 30, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Food and starvation: is Earth able to feed its growing population?
Authors: Moustafa K, Cross J, Gasim S PMID: 28929827 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Consumption of Fruitflow( ®) lowers blood pressure in pre-hypertensive males: a randomised, placebo controlled, double blind, cross-over study.
Consumption of Fruitflow(®) lowers blood pressure in pre-hypertensive males: a randomised, placebo controlled, double blind, cross-over study. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2017 Sep 18;:1-9 Authors: Uddin M, Biswas D, Ghosh A, O'Kennedy N, Duttaroy AK Abstract In order to investigate whether the angiotensin converting enzyme-inhibitory tomato extract Fruitflow(®) would lower blood pressure after consumption, we conducted a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled human intervention study, involving 12 pre-hypertensive people in a crossover design. Consuming a single dose of 150 mg Fruitflow...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 20, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Influence of substrates on the in vitro kinetics of steviol glucuronidation and interaction between steviol glycosides metabolites and UGT2B7.
Authors: Chen JM, Xia YM, Zhang YD, Zhang TT, Peng QR, Fang Y Abstract Steviol glycosides, a natural sweetener, may perform bioactivities via steviol, their main metabolite in human digestion. The metabolising kinetics, i.e. glucuronidation kinetics and interaction between steviol glycosides or their metabolites and metabolising enzyme, are important for understanding the bioactivity and cytotoxicity. The present study investigated kinetics of steviol glucuronidation in human liver microsome and a recombinant human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases isomer, UGT2B7, along with molecular docking to analyse interaction betw...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 16, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Context-specific food-based approach for ensuring nutrition security in developing countries: a review.
Authors: Raymond J, Kassim N, Rose JW, Agaba M Abstract Sustainable food strategies for meeting nutrient needs in developing countries are not well established. The available evidence shows that more than one-third of the world's population is facing under-nutrition, of which the most affected individuals are children and mothers from poor countries. In most developing countries, losses resulting from malnutrition are between 3 and 16% of the gross domestic product. This burden is far larger than the donor-driven and government programmes can tackle alone. As such, an innovative approach, which is independent and n...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 16, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Identification of methylated metabolites of oat avenanthramides in human plasma using UHPLC QToF-MS.
Authors: Walsh J, Haddock J, Blumberg JB, McKay DL, Wei X, Dolnikowski G, Chen CO Abstract Oat avenanthramides (AVAs) are a group of phenolic alkaloids, consisting of an anthranilic acid and a hydroxycinnamic acid linked by a pseudo-peptide bond. Bioavailability of AVA is poor in humans, suggesting transformations for rapid excretion. Thus, we aim to identify metabolites of AVA isomers in plasma of humans after consuming AVA-enriched oats. After lipid removal, AVA and their metabolites in plasma were extracted with ethyl acetate and analysed using an Agilent UHPLC-QToF-MS. Pharmacokinetics of AVA-O showed a bimodal...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 13, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption and melanoma risk: a dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.
Authors: Micek A, Godos J, Lafranconi A, Marranzano M, Pajak A Abstract To determine the association between total, caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption and melanoma risk a dose-response meta-analysis on prospective cohort studies were performed. Eligible studies were identified searching PubMed and EMBASE databases from the earliest available online indexing year to March 2017. The dose-response relationship was assessed by random-effects meta-analysis and the shape of the exposure-outcome curve was modelled linearly and using restricted cubic splines. A total of seven studies eligible for meta-analysi...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 13, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) at the sn-2 position of triacylglycerols increases DHA incorporation in brown, but not in white adipose tissue, of hamsters.
Authors: Lopes PA, Bandarra NM, Martins SV, Madeira MS, Ferreira J, Guil-Guerrero JL, Prates JAM Abstract We hypothesised that the incorporation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) across adipose tissues will be higher when it is ingested as triacylglycerols (TAG) structured at the sn-2 position. Ten-week old male hamsters were allocated to 4 dietary treatments (n = 10): linseed oil (LSO-control group), fish oil (FO), fish oil ethyl esters (FO-EE) and structured DHA at the sn-2 position of TAG (DHA-SL) during 12 weeks. In opposition to the large variations found for fatty acid composition in retroper...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Influence of essential oils in diet and life-stage on gut microbiota and fillet quality of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
Authors: Ceppa F, Faccenda F, De Filippo C, Albanese D, Pindo M, Martelli R, Marconi P, Lunelli F, Fava F, Parisi G Abstract Developing fish farming to meet the demands of food security and sustainability in the 21st century will require new farming systems and improved feeds. Diet and microbe interactions in the gut is an important variable with the potential to make a significant impact on future fish farming diets and production systems. It was monitored the gut microbiota of farmed rainbow trout using 16S rRNA profiling over 51 weeks during standard rearing conditions and feeding diet with supplementation ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 3, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

A review of economic evaluations for beneficial health outcomes of micronutrient and long-chain omega-3 fatty acid supplementation.
Authors: Sadler MJ Abstract A comprehensive review of the literature identified 13 papers exploring economic evaluations of supplementation with micronutrients or long-chain omega-3 fatty acids in developed countries. Evidence of efficacy included single-study-based estimates and estimates based on published meta-analyses or data synthesis. Results suggest that supplementation with specific micronutrients or long-chain omega-3 fatty acids for specific health outcomes, and targeted at particular population groups, may be cost-effective or deliver cost savings for health care providers. While the quality of the analy...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 25, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Correction to: Fuke, Aizawa, Suganuma, Takagi, and Naito, Effect of combined consumption of Lactobacillus brevis KB290 and β-carotene on minor diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome-like symptoms in healthy subjects: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial.
Correction to: Fuke, Aizawa, Suganuma, Takagi, and Naito, Effect of combined consumption of Lactobacillus brevis KB290 and β-carotene on minor diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome-like symptoms in healthy subjects: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2017 Aug 18;:1 Authors: PMID: 28817999 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 19, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Lactobacillus helveticus-fermented milk containing lactononadecapeptide (NIPPLTQTPVVVPPFLQPE) improves cognitive function in healthy middle-aged adults: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
This study aimed to determine the effects of a Lactobacillus helveticus-fermented milk drink containing lactononadecapeptide (NIPPLTQTPVVVPPFLQPE) on the cognitive function of healthy middle-aged adults. A randomised, double-blind controlled study was conducted in healthy participants who were randomly assigned to receive a L. helveticus-fermented milk drink (190 g/day) or the equivalent amount of a placebo drink once a day for eight weeks. Cognitive function was evaluated using the Japanese version of the repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological status (RBANS) test. There was a statistically sign...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 19, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

A comparison of two low-calorie sweeteners and sugar in dark chocolate on sensory attributes and emotional conceptualisations.
In conclusion, dark chocolate with tagatose did not significantly differ from sugar in overall liking, most sensory attributes and emotional conceptualisation. PMID: 28805091 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 15, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Association between tea and coffee consumption and prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Poland - results from the WOBASZ II study (2013-2014).
Authors: Micek A, Grosso G, Polak M, Kozakiewicz K, Tykarski A, Puch Walczak A, Drygas W, Kwaśniewska M, Pająk A, ; on behalf of WOBASZ II investigators Abstract The study aimed to assess a relationship between tea and coffee consumption and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Cross-sectional study of a random sample of total Polish population was done (The WOBASZ II Study), and the present analysis included 5146 participants at age 20 years and above. Tea and coffee consumption was assessed by 24-h recall method. MetS was defined according to IDF/NHLBI/AHA criteria. After adjustment for covariates, coffee consumpt...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 11, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The preventive effects of nanopowdered red ginseng on collagen-induced arthritic mice.
This study was carried out to investigate the efficiency of red ginseng nanopowder in preventing collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice. The mice were divided into five groups: normal group (no immunisation), control (CIA), powdered red ginseng (PRG), nanopowdered red ginseng (NRG) and methotrexate (MTX). Administering MTX, PRG and NRG to arthritic mice significantly decreased spleen indexes, clinical and histological scores compared to control group. Serum analysis of NRG and MTX groups showed a reduction in the cytokines such as the levels of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleu...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 5, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The combined effect of Sango sprout juice and caloric restriction on metabolic disorders and gut microbiota composition in an obesity model.
Authors: Vivarelli F, Canistro D, Babot Marquillas C, Cirillo S, De Nicola GR, Iori R, Biagi G, Pinna C, Gentilini F, Pozzo L, Longo V, Paolini M Abstract The main purpose of this study was to compare the benefits of SSJ supplementation in obese rats with those achieved only by switching the alimentary regimen from high-fat (HFD) to the regular one (RD) in liver, ileum and prostate. Furthermore, changings in caecal chime microbiota were investigated. SSJ was administered to rats in combination with a RD (HFD-RD + SSJ). The switch from HFD to RD led to a weight loss of almost 9.8 g, and the tota...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 5, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Vegetable relishes, high in β-carotene, increase the iron, zinc and β-carotene nutritive values from cereal porridges.
Vegetable relishes, high in β-carotene, increase the iron, zinc and β-carotene nutritive values from cereal porridges. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2017 Aug 04;:1-7 Authors: Kruger J, Breynaert A, Pieters L, Hermans N Abstract Iron, zinc and vitamin A deficiencies are serious public health problems in sub-Saharan Africa, which can be alleviated by dietary diversification. The effects of adding cowpea leaf (CL) and orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) relishes to sorghum and maize porridges on iron, zinc and β-carotene contents and bioaccessibilities were determined. Despite the high iron content o...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 5, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Discovery and biological relevance of 3,4-didehydroretinol (vitamin A2) in small indigenous fish species and its potential as a dietary source for addressing vitamin A deficiency.
Authors: La Frano MR, Cai Y, Burri BJ, Thilsted SH Abstract Discovered in the late 1920s, 3,4-didehydroretinol (DROL, vitamin A2) plays a significant biological role in freshwater fish. The functions of this vitamin have been investigated but to a far lesser extent than those of retinol (ROL, vitamin A1). A recent study indicating all-trans DROL has 119-127% vitamin A biological activity compared to that of all-trans ROL suggests the significance of DROL for addressing vitamin A deficiency (VAD) in comparison to ROL may be currently overlooked. Freshwater fish such as small indigenous fish species (SIS), with high ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 5, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Association of the bitter taste receptor gene TAS2R38 (polymorphism RS713598) with sensory responsiveness, food preferences, biochemical parameters and body-composition markers. A cross-sectional study in Italy.
This study examined the relationship between TAS2R38 gene polymorphism (RS713598), G/G, C/G or C/C genotype, and sensory responsiveness, food preferences, biochemical parameters and body composition in a cross-sectional study in 118 adults (24 men and 94 women). The frequencies of C/C, G/G and C/G were respectively 20.3%, 29.7% and 50.0%. As regards taste responsiveness, subjects with G-allele had a higher perception threshold than the C/C genotype for 6-n-propyl-2-thiouracil (PROP) (p 
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Combined effects of whey protein hydrolysates and probiotics on oxidative stress induced by an iron-overloaded diet in rats.
Authors: Park E, Paik HD, Lee SM Abstract Whey proteins possess antioxidant properties, and probiotics have various health-promoting effects. We investigated the effects of whey protein hydrolysates (WPHs) and probiotics in rats exposed to oxidative stress induced by iron-overload diet (IOL). Rats were divided into control (CTRL), IOL (0.2% ferrous sulphate), WPH (10%), probiotic (PB) mixture (Lactococcus lactis NK34 and B. polyfermenticus SCD), and WPH + PB group for 6 weeks. Average leukocytes and colonocytes tail moments were increased in IOL compared to CTRL but decreased in other groups. C...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Losses of nutrients and anti-nutrients in red and white sorghum cultivars after decorticating in optimised conditions.
Authors: Galán MG, Llopart EE, Drago SR Abstract The aims were to optimise pearling process of red and white sorghum by assessing the effects of pearling time and grain moisture on endosperm yield and flour ash content and to assess nutrient and anti-nutrient losses produced by pearling different cultivars in optimised conditions. Both variables significantly affected both responses. Losses of ashes (58%), proteins (9.5%), lipids (54.5%), Na (37%), Mg (48.5%) and phenolic compounds (43%) were similar among red and white hybrids. However, losses of P (30% vs. 51%), phytic acid (47% vs. 66%), Fe (22% vs. 55%),...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Incomplete metabolism of phytoestrogens by gut microbiota from children under the age of three.
Authors: Gaya P, Sánchez-Jiménez A, Peirotén Á, Medina M, Landete JM Abstract Phytoestrogens are plant-derived polyphenols with structural and functional similarities to mammalian oestrogens. The aim of this work was to study the metabolism of phytoestrogens by children's intestinal microbiota and to compare it with previous results in adults. Faecal samples of 24 healthy children were subjected to phytoestrogen fermentation assay. Only one child produced equol, while O-desmethylangolensin was found in all. Urolithin production was detected in 14 children and enterolactone in 10. Further...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 22, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Correction to: Vitale, Bianchi, Rapetti, Pepe, Giacco, Giacco and Riccardi, A nutritional intervention programme at a worksite canteen to promote a healthful inspired by the traditional Mediterranean diet.
Authors: PMID: 28720006 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet is inversely associated with having hypertension: is low salt intake a mediating factor?
Authors: La Verde M, Mulè S, Zappalà G, Privitera G, Maugeri G, Pecora F, Marranzano M Abstract Blood pressure (BP) is a major risk factor for population health worldwide and a preventable disease through lifestyle modification. The aim of this study was to assess the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and occurrence of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort. Demographic and dietary data of 1937 adults were collected in 2014-2015 from the general population of Catania, Sicily (Italy). Food frequency questionnaires and a MD adherence score were used to assess exposure variable...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 16, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of hazelnuts and cocoa on vascular reactivity in healthy subjects: a randomised study.
This study assesses the effects of hazelnuts and cocoa on vascular reactivity and metabolic profile. Sixty-one healthy volunteers, examined in a randomised, controlled, two-week intervention, received one of six breakfast integrations containing either hazelnuts, cocoa, both or none. Consumption of unpeeled hazelnuts improved HDL-cholesterol (+7.3%, p = .01 vs. baseline, p = .02 vs. control). Brachial artery peak systolic velocities (PSV) at rest increased with hazelnut integrations by 43.4% (p = .04 vs. control) and hazelnut-cocoa integrations by 26.4% (p = .01 vs. c...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 13, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The effect of plant sterol-enriched turkey meat on cholesterol bio-accessibility during in vitro digestion and Caco-2 cell uptake.
This study evaluated the effect of a plant sterol-enriched turkey product on cholesterol bio-accessibility during in vitro digestion and cholesterol uptake by Caco-2 monolayers. Turkey products, one plant sterol-enriched (PS) and one plant sterol-free (C), were produced in an industrial pilot plant. Before simulated digestion, matrices were spiked with cholesterol (1:5 weight ratio of cholesterol to plant sterol). Plant sterols were included at a concentration equivalent to the minimum daily intake recommended by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) for cholesterol lowering. After simulated digestion, the percentage o...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 13, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Application of hydrolases and probiotic Pediococcus acidilactici BaltBio01 strain for cereal by-products conversion to bioproduct for food/feed.
Authors: Bartkiene E, Bartkevics V, Krungleviciute V, Juodeikiene G, Zadeike D, Baliukoniene V, Bakutis B, Zelvyte R, Santini A, Cizeikiene D Abstract The aim of this study was to apply the enzymatic treatment and fermentation by Pediococcus acidilactici BaltBio01 strain for industrial cereal by-products conversion to food/feed bioproducts with high amount of probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB). LAB propagated in potato media and spray-dried remained viable during 12 months (7.0 log10 cfu/g) of storage and was used as a starter for cereal by-products fermentation. The changes of microbial profile, biog...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 13, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Increasing dietary EPA and DHA influence estimated fatty acid desaturase activity in systemic organs which is reflected in the red blood cell in mice.
Authors: Davidson EA, Pickens CA, Fenton JI Abstract Delta-5 (D5D) and delta-6 (D6D) desaturase are key enzymes in fatty acid (FA) metabolism. Dietary eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) may alter tissue FA composition via D5D and D6D. The purpose was to determine the relationship between dietary EPA + DHA, estimated desaturase activities of various tissues and the reflection of desaturase activity in the red blood cell (RBC). Mice were fed diets with increasing percent of energy from EPA + DHA. Phospholipid FA composition of heart, muscle, spleen, lung, adipose ti...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 13, 2017 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research