Vitamin C: should daily administration keep the paediatrician away?
In conclusion, studies on non-industrialised populations in which there could be a real benefit from such supplementation, have yet to be conducted. PMID: 30513006 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - December 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The association between homocysteine levels, Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular disease: a case-control study.
Authors: Foscolou A, Rallidis LS, Tsirebolos G, Critselis E, Katsimardos A, Drosatos A, Chrysohoou C, Tousoulis D, Pitsavos C, Panagiotakos DB Abstract The aim was to investigate the association between homocysteine (Hcy) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and to test the potential moderating role of Mediterranean diet. An age and gender matched case-control study was conducted among 1491 patients with a first ACS event and 3037 adults free of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was measured using the MedDietScore (range 0-55). An increase in Hcy levels was associated with a 1% and 3% h...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - December 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Impact of soymilk consumption on 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene-induced contact hypersensitivity and gut microbiota in mice.
Authors: Nagano T, Katase M, Tsumura K Abstract Soymilk is rich in phytochemicals such as soy isoflavones (SIs) and soyasaponins (SSs). Dietary SIs and SSs display inhibitory effects on contact hypersensitivity (CHS), which was reported in a mouse model for allergic contact dermatitis (ACD); however, the beneficial effects of soymilk consumption on CHS remain unknown. Here, we studied the effects of drinking soymilk on CHS and gut microbiota. Soymilk consumption attenuated ear oedema and swelling, decreased the infiltration of Gr-1-positive cells into ear tissues, and reduced the production of chemokine (C-X-C moti...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - December 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Fat digestibility in meat products: influence of food structure and gastrointestinal conditions.
Authors: Asensio-Grau A, Calvo-Lerma J, Heredia A, Andrés A Abstract Digestibility of macronutrients depends on the food matrix structure as well as on gastrointestinal conditions, especially in patients with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. In this situation, an oral enzyme supplementation that promotes nutrient hydrolysis is needed. In this context, in the present study, a static in vitro digestion model was used to assess the lipid digestibility of different meat products (processed and fresh), different intestinal conditions of pH (6 or 7), bile concentration (1 or 10 mM) and doses of the enzyme...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - November 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dose-response relation between serum total cholesterol levels and overall cancer risk: evidence from 12 prospective studies involving 1,926,275 participants.
This study aimed to clarify the association between serum total cholesterol (TC) levels and overall cancer risk. Study-specific relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were pooled using a random-effects model, and dose-response relation was also evaluated. Twelve prospective studies were identified with a total of 1,926,275 participants and 13,1676 cases. High levels of serum TC showed an inverse association with overall cancer risk (RR for the highest versus the lowest category: 0.87, 95% CI: 0.83 ∼ 0.90; I2 = 52.5%). A linear dose-response relation between serum TC levels and...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - November 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Xanthohumol, a hop-derived prenylflavonoid present in beer, impairs mitochondrial functionality of SW620 colon cancer cells.
Authors: Sastre-Serra J, Ahmiane Y, Roca P, Oliver J, Pons DG Abstract Xanthohumol (XN) is a hop-derived prenylflavonoid and have been reported to exhibit anticancer properties in several types of cancer. It presents a great interest against colon cancer due to high exposure of this compound in this tissue. Metastatic SW620 cell line was treated with doses ranging from 0.001 to 10 µM of XN to assess their effects on cell viability and mitochondrial function. At low concentrations, XN had no effect on assays carried out, but high concentration of XN led to a decrease in cell viability. In addition, at 1...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - November 23, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Presence of cyclopropane fatty acids in foods and estimation of dietary intake in the Italian population.
Authors: Lolli V, Dall'Asta M, Del Rio D, Palla G, Caligiani A Abstract Cyclopropane fatty acids (CPFAs) are the most abundant cyclic fatty acids in microorganisms with unknown role(s) regarding their dietary relevance and biological effects in humans. This work was aimed to draw up a list of CPFAs-containing foods for estimating their dietary intake in the Italian population to provide a basis for evaluating their nutritional relevance and potential health-related effects. The CPFAs content of more than 500 food items was investigated and a preliminary dietary intake was assessed (12.0 ± 6.0&t...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - November 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Punicic acid was metabolised and incorporated in the form of conjugated linoleic acid in different rat tissues.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a supplementation of pomegranate seed oil (PSO), being rich in punicic acid, on the biochemical parameters of healthy rats. PSO was given to the animals intragastrically for 40 days at concentrations of 1%, 2% and 4%. There were no changes in their total body weight gain, their serum biochemical markers, or in the oxidative stress in their tissues. However, the TBARS values were reduced in the brains of the animals, noting that no significant amounts of conjugated fatty acids were found in this tissue. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) was present in all the ot...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Investigation of the link between PROP taste perception and vegetables consumption using FAOSTAT data.
Authors: Mezzavilla M, Notarangelo M, Concas MP, Catamo E, Gasparini P, Grillotti MG, Robino A Abstract In this work we investigated, in populations located in Central Asia, the relationship between PROP taste perception and vegetables liking and consumption using FAOSTAT dataset. Collected data were analysed using distance matrices, Mantel test and Pearson correlation. Populations showing similar ability in tasting PROP bitterness are more similar as respect to vegetable consumption (r = 0.63, p-value = .05). Moreover, a significant negative correlation was found between the percentage ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Liquorice flavonoid oil suppresses hyperglycaemia accompanied by skeletal muscle myocellular GLUT4 recruitment to the plasma membrane in KK-Ay mice.
Authors: Yamashita Y, Kishida H, Nakagawa K, Yoshioka Y, Ashida H Abstract For over 4000 years, liquorice has been one of the most frequently employed botanicals as a traditional herbal medicine. Although previous reports have found that liquorice flavonoids possess various health beneficial effects, the underlying mechanism responsible for the anti-diabetic effect of liquorice flavonoids remains unclear. The present study demonstrates that liquorice flavonoid oil (LFO) improves type 2 diabetes mellitus through GLUT4 translocation to the plasma membrane by activating both the adenosine monophosphate-activated prote...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary patterns, dietary intakes and the risk of type 2 diabetes: results from the Hefei Nutrition and Health Study.
Authors: Zhou J, Sheng J, Fan Y, Zhu X, Wang S Abstract A total of 1776 Chinese adults, aged 40-60 years, had been recruited to participate in the Hefei Nutrition and Health Study started in 2012. Three major dietary patterns were identified, "High-salt and high-fat", "Traditional Chinese" and "Western" dietary patterns. After adjusting for potential confounders, there is no significant difference in the effect of different dietary pattern quintiles on the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, compared with lowest quintile intakes, the adjusted odds ratio of T2D for highest quintile ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - October 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Fermented barley extracts with Lactobacillus plantarum dy-1 changes serum metabolomic profiles in rats with high-fat diet-induced obesity.
Authors: Zhang J, Xiao X, Dong Y, Zhou X Abstract We have previously reported an aqueous extract of fermented barley with Lactobacillus plantarum dy-1 (LFBE) has more efficient anti-obesity effect compared with that of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. To further explore associated effects of LFBE on body weight and body fat distribution, and lipid profiles related metabolic outcomes, serum metabolites were analysed using LC-MS-MS and partial least-squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). Obese and lean groups were clearly discriminated from each other on PLS-DA score plot and major metabolites contributing to the discrimin...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Do dietary amino acid ratios predict risk of incident hypertension among adults?
Authors: Teymoori F, Asghari G, Farhadnejad H, Mirmiran P, Azizi F Abstract In the current study, we investigated the association between dietary amino acid ratios and the 3-year incidence of hypertension, conducted in the framework of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study with 4287 adults(41.9% men), aged 20-70 y. Dietary intakes of amino acids were assessed using a valid and reliable food frequency questionnaire and reported as percentage of protein. Then amino acid ratios including Leu.Ser/Thr.Trp, Leu/Trp, Leu/Thr, and Ser/Thr were calculated. We identified 429(10%) cases of hypertension during 3.1 y...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Fruits and vegetables embedded in classic video games: a health-promoting potential?
Authors: Aboul-Enein BH, Bernstein J, Kruk J Abstract The proliferation of the video game era has increased sedentary behaviours among children and adolescents. Contemporary interventions involve the use of video games to introduce fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption among children and adolescents. A comprehensive list of licenced video games (n = 671) released for the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) console were reviewed for thematic content and qualitative characteristics of the game's activity relevant to F&V. Seventy-five video games were included in the study sample and categorised ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Bioactivity and cell metabolism of in vitro digested sweet cherry (Prunus avium) phenolic compounds.
In conclusion, phenolic compounds from cherries and especially hydroxycinnamic acids were efficiently released and remained bioaccessible after in vitro digestion, resulting in antioxidant and antiproliferative activities. PMID: 30234411 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary and lifestyle predictors of folate insufficiency in non-supplemented German women.
Authors: Obeid R, Schön C, Wilhelm M, Pietrzik K, Pilz S Abstract Low folate status is a risk factor for birth defects. We studied concentrations of red blood cell (RBC)- and serum folate in 198 German women in relation to information on dietary folate intake, demographic and lifestyle factors. Median serum- and RBC-folate levels were; (14.7 and 589 nmol/L, respectively. Serum 
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Apoptotic effect of a phytosterol-ingredient and its main phytosterol ( β-sitosterol) in human cancer cell lines.
Apoptotic effect of a phytosterol-ingredient and its main phytosterol (β-sitosterol) in human cancer cell lines. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2018 Sep 07;:1-12 Authors: Alvarez-Sala A, Attanzio A, Tesoriere L, Garcia-Llatas G, Barberá R, Cilla A Abstract Dietary interventions may effectively control cancer development, with phytosterols (PS) being a class of cancer chemopreventive dietary phytochemicals. The present study, for the first time, evaluates the antiproliferative effects of a PS-ingredient used for the enrichment of several foods and its main PS, β-sitosterol, at physiological serum...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

TNF- α-induced oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction in EA.hy926 cells is prevented by mate and green coffee extracts, 5-caffeoylquinic acid and its microbial metabolite, dihydrocaffeic acid.
TNF-α-induced oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction in EA.hy926 cells is prevented by mate and green coffee extracts, 5-caffeoylquinic acid and its microbial metabolite, dihydrocaffeic acid. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2018 Sep 06;:1-18 Authors: Wang S, Sarriá B, Mateos R, Goya L, Bravo-Clemente L Abstract The main phenol in mate and coffee, 5-caffeoylquinic-acid (5-CQA), and its relevant microbial metabolites, dihydrocaffeic (DHCA) and dihydroferulic (DHFA) acids, have shown oxidative-stress protective effects in HepG2 cells. To evaluate possible endothelial-protective effects of the extr...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary nitrate improved exercise capacity in COPD but not blood pressure or pulmonary function: a 2 week, double-blind randomised, placebo-controlled crossover trial.
Authors: Kerley CP, James PE, McGowan A, Faul J, Cormican L Abstract Dietary nitrate may improve exercise tolerance in some healthy and clinical populations. Existing data regarding dietary nitrate in COPD is inconsistent. We conducted a 14d double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of daily nitrate-rich beetroot juice (BRJ; 12.9 mmol) versus nitrate-depleted BRJ (PL; 0.5 mmol). At baseline and after each condition, we assessed functional capacity (incremental shuttle walk test; ISWT), ambulatory blood pressure, pulmonary function, quality of life as well as exhaled nitric oxide (e...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - September 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Structure-stability relationship of anthocyanins under cell culture condition.
Authors: Zhang J, Giampieri F, Afrin S, Battino M, Zheng X, Reboredo-Rodriguez P Abstract This work aims to evaluate the structure-stability relationship of anthocyanins in cell culture. An early degradation time (CT10) and half-degradation time (CT50) were used to characterise the stability of 10 of the most common anthocyanins, incubated with DMEM at 37 °C, pH = 7.4, 5% CO2 for different time periods. According to the glycosylation, the glycosylated forms were more stable than the not glycosylated forms. The methylation at 3'' or 5' position at ring B enhanced their stability; contrarily,...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

A comparative study of the effects of palm olein, cocoa butter and extra virgin olive oil on lipid profile, including low-density lipoprotein subfractions in young healthy Chinese people.
Authors: Cheng C, Wang D, Xia H, Wang F, Yang X, Pan D, Wang S, Yang L, Lu H, Shu G, He Y, Xie Y, Sun G, Yang Y Abstract The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of palm olein (POL), cocoa butter (CB) and extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) on the lipid profile and low-density lipoprotein subfractions in a young, healthy Chinese population. After screening, 72 subjects were randomly assigned to three groups, and an 18-week randomized crossover trial was conducted. The first phase was a 2-week run-in period, followed by three phases of the 4-week experimental periods with a 2-week washout period between experim...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Impact of combining acerola by-product with a probiotic strain on a gut microbiome model.
In this study, we first investigated the survival of three probiotic strains, individually and combined with acerola by-product during simulated gastrointestinal conditions. Next, we investigated the effects of acerola by-product combined with Bifidobacterium longum BB-46 on a gut microbiota model (SHIME®). Chemical composition, total phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity of the acerola by-product and microbial counts, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), ammonium ions ([Formula: see text]) and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) analysis of the SHIME® samples were performed. Acerola by-product revealed h...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Can non-fortified marine salt cover human needs for iodine?
This study calls attention to the fact that marine salt per se, in spite of containing a natural high amount of iodine, requires further fortification in order to be used as an effective tool to deal with iodine insufficiency. PMID: 30160547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary protein source and butyrylated high-amylose maize starch included in a high-protein diet determines the urinary metabolome of rats.
Authors: Sattari Najafabadi Z, Skau Nielsen T, Skou Hedemann M Abstract Intake of red and processed meat increases the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), whereas dairy product consumption and the intake of dietary fibre are negatively associated with this risk. We investigated the effect of (i) low-protein diets with either whey or cooked meat (beef) as the protein source and (ii) high-protein diets with cooked meat (beef) either without or with the inclusion of 10% butyrylated high-amylose maize starch (HAMSB), on the urinary metabolome of rats. Urine samples from rats were analysed using untargeted LC-MS metabolomi...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Influence of economic crisis on dietary quality and obesity rates.
The objective was to investigate how socio-economic changes have modified body mass index values and dietary patterns in the Spanish population. A comparative cross-sectional analysis of the last two iterations of the Spanish National Health Survey (SNSH) was done. The independent variables were sex, age, education level, employment situation, and social class. Outcome variables were: poor diet quality and obesity. Economic crisis increases the probability to become obese and to have a poor diet and employment situation is the variable that showed the greatest differences between years. While in 2006 to be unemployed did n...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The sweet taste signalling pathways in the oral cavity and the gastrointestinal tract affect human appetite and food intake: a review.
Authors: Han P, Bagenna B, Fu M Abstract Sweet taste is associated with food reward and energy source in the form of carbohydrate. Excessive sweet consumption is blamed for the prevalence of obesity. However, evidence for the potential of sweet taste to influence food intake and bodyweight regulation in humans remains unclear. The purpose of this review was to examine the physiological responses relevant to sweet taste mechanisms and the impact on appetite control. The literature was examined for studies that assessed the effects of non-nutritive sweeteners and natural sugars on hormonal secretions and neural activ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Higher vegetable protein consumption, assessed by an isoenergetic macronutrient exchange model, is associated with a lower presence of overweight and obesity in the web-based Food4me European study.
The objective was to evaluate differences in macronutrient intake and to investigate the possible association between consumption of vegetable protein and the risk of overweight/obesity, within the Food4Me randomised, online intervention. Differences in macronutrient consumption among the participating countries grouped by EU Regions (Western Europe, British Isles, Eastern Europe and Southern Europe) were assessed. Relation of protein intake, within isoenergetic exchange patterns, from vegetable or animal sources with risk of overweight/obesity was assessed through the multivariate nutrient density model and a multivariate...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of different cooking methods on the antioxidant capacity and flavonoid, organic acid and mineral contents of Galega Kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala cv. Galega).
The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of different cooking methods (boiling, steaming, microwaving, pressure cooking and vacuum cooking) on the antioxidant capacity and on the flavonoid, organic acid and mineral contents of Galega kale. Results indicate that this vegetable has a high antioxidant capacity and high contents of total flavonoids, organic acids, and minerals such as potassium and calcium. All of the cooking methods yielded losses of antioxidant capacity and of total flavonoids, organic acids and minerals, relative to the contents in fresh kale. Steaming proved to be the best method of preserving...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Can the inclusion of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) in diet affect the flesh quality/nutritional traits of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) after freezing and cooking?
Authors: Secci G, Mancini S, Iaconisi V, Gasco L, Basto A, Parisi G Abstract Physical and chemical parameters of rainbow trout fillets were tested during 120 days of frozen storage and following cooking. The fillets were obtained from rainbow trout-fed diets where dietary fishmeal was substituted with Hermetia illucens meal at 0, 25 and 50% inclusion levels, corresponding to control (C), Hi25, and Hi50 diets. Variations in quality traits of fillets emerged after 30 days of frozen storage, however they remained almost unchanged for the other 90 days. Increasing levels of H. illucens did not affe...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Characterization of tomato processing by-product for use as a potential functional food ingredient: nutritional composition, antioxidant activity and bioactive compounds.
Authors: P A Silva Y, Borba BC, Pereira VA, Reis MG, Caliari M, Brooks MS, Ferreira TAPC Abstract Tomato pomace, a by-product generated during tomato processing, was collected at a large tomato processing industry. The by-product was mainly constituted of tomato skin (61.5%), and presented high moisture content (66.58 g.100g-1 wet basis). Among the nutrients, the highest content was of dietary fibre, followed by proteins and fat (50.74, 20.91, 14.14 g.100g-1 d.w., respectively). The pomace has high in vitro antioxidation capacity, especially when measured with the TEAC assay (224.81 μmol Tro...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Delivery of alpha-tocopherol through soluble dietary fibre-based nanofibres for improving the life span of Caenorhabditis elegans.
Authors: Li J, Chotiko A, Chouljenko A, Gao C, Zheng J, Sathivel S Abstract The effect of alpha-tocopherol (α-TOC) delivered by soluble dietary fibre-based nanofibres (α-TOC-SDNF) on the life span of nematode Caenorhabditis elegans N2 (wild type) and TK22 (mev-1 mutants) with and without heat shock was investigated. Without heat shock, the wild-type and mev-1 mutants maintained in the 100 µg/mL of α-TOC-SDNF had longer life spans than their respective blank control groups. With heat shock, the wild-type N2 in the 200 µg/mL of α-TOC-SDNF had a survival rate of 5% at ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Osteopontin-enriched formula feeding improves the T-cell-dependent humoral immune responses in infant rats.
Authors: Chen X, Fang M, Xing S, Zuo D, Zhang P, Hu Z Abstract Previous studies have shown that osteopontin (OPN) can enhance infant resistance to infection. However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be explored. Here, we studied the effects of OPN on the development and functions of immune cells in infant rats fed with OPN-enriched formula (OF) compared with regular formula (RF). After 21 days feeding, the proportion of infant rats' CD3+ T cells of lymph nodes in the OF group is significantly increased compared with the RF group. The proportion of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells of lymph nodes in the OF group is c...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: PMID: 29999432 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 14, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Validation of a self-administered version of the Mediterranean diet scale (MDS) for cardiac rehabilitation patients in Canada.
In conclusion, the self-administered version of the MDS demonstrated good reliability and validity. PMID: 29962239 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of mate tea (Ilex paraguariensis) on the expression of the leukocyte NADPH oxidase subunit p47phox and on circulating inflammatory cytokines in healthy men: a pilot study.
Authors: Panza VP, Brunetta HS, de Oliveira MV, Nunes EA, da Silva EL Abstract Increased superoxide production by phagocytic NADPH oxidase has been associated with inflammatory conditions. Growing evidences suggest that dietary polyphenols may modulate the expression of NADPH oxidase subunits. Herein, we examined whether soluble mate tea (SMT) consumption - a polyphenol-rich beverage - affects the expression of the leukocyte NADPH oxidase protein p47phox and/or circulating biomarkers of inflammation and antioxidant biomarkers in humans. In a two-phase study, nine men were requested to drink water (control) for 8&nb...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet in a population of South of Italy: factors involved and proposal of an educational field-based survey tool.
Authors: Vitale M, Racca E, Izzo A, Giacco A, Parente E, Riccardi G, Giacco R Abstract We developed and validated a tool assessing the adherence to the Mediterranean diet based on current nutritional recommendations for health promotion (MEDI-Quest). Four-hundred-and-eleven clinically healthy subjects completed both the MEDI-Quest-score and the validated MedDietScore (MDS). A good accordance between MEDI-Quest and MDS was observed (R = 0.638), as well as for the percentage of individuals having similar scores with both methods for each food group. Regarding socio-cultural-factors, higher adherence was...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

In vitro digestion for assessing micronutrient bioavailability: the importance of digestion duration.
Authors: Stewart RJC, Morton H, Coad J, Pedley KC Abstract Static digestion in vitro is a commonly used technique for investigating micronutrient availability which allows the nutrients or foods of interest to be exposed to conditions that simulate those found within the stomach and small intestine. The activity of these digestive enzymes throughout their respective simulated digestion phases has been reported to decline due to the autolytic activity of the proteases and therefore incomplete digestion may result. The degree of protease inactivation under commonly simulated digestion conditions requires further quan...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Glycaemic index, glycaemic load and dietary fibre characteristics of two commercially available fruit smoothies.
Authors: Saltaouras G, Shaw PK, Fraser AC, Hawes C, Smith H, Handley L, Whitby H, Thondre SP, Lightowler HJ Abstract In light of the updated Eatwell Guide and the corresponding change in the consumption of fruit smoothies, the aim of this study was to measure the glycaemic index and load of two commercial fruit smoothies and to investigate the retention of dietary fibre following production. In vitro analysis was performed to identify fibre material (cellulose and pectins) using calcofluor staining and immunocytochemical labelling. A repeated measures cross-over study was conducted (n 10) to determine the glycaemic...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of sprouting on nutritional quality of pulses.
Authors: Erba D, Angelino D, Marti A, Manini F, Faoro F, Morreale F, Pellegrini N, Casiraghi MC Abstract In order to investigate the nutritional quality of industrial-scale sprouted versus unsprouted chickpeas and green peas, before and after cooking, the ultrastructure, chemical composition, antioxidant capacity, starch digestibility, mineral content and accessibility were analysed. Sprouting did not deeply affect raw seed structure, although after cooking starch granules appeared more porous and swelled. Chemical composition of raw sprouted seeds was not strongly affected, excepting an increase in protein (both p...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Probiotics for inflammatory bowel diseases: a promising adjuvant treatment.
In conclusion, probiotic supplementation is a promising adjuvant treatment in UC, but not in CD. PMID: 29804478 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of blueberry extract, carriers, and combinations on the growth rate of probiotic and pathogenic bacteria.
Authors: Michel-Barba MG, Espinosa-Andrews H, García-Reyes RA, Desjardins Y, González-Ávila M Abstract The blueberry is recognised as a source of phenolic compounds that have beneficial effects on human health; however, they possess low bioavailability and can be degraded by gastrointestinal conditions. Encapsulation has been widely used to mitigate these disadvantages; Gum Arabic (GA) and Corn Syrup Solids (CSS) are common carriers used in this technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Blueberry Extract (BE), carriers and their mixtures on the kinetic growth and maximal gr...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Nutritional characterisation of Zambian Moringa oleifera: acceptability and safety of short-term daily supplementation in a group of malnourished girls.
Authors: Barichella M, Pezzoli G, Faierman SA, Raspini B, Rimoldi M, Cassani E, Bertoli S, Battezzati A, Leone A, Iorio L, Ferri V, Pinelli G, Pusani C, Bolliri C, Cilia R, Caronni S, De Marco P, Cereda E Abstract In Zambia, chronic malnutrition still is one of the most common problem among children. To fight against malnutrition, the easiest short-term solution could be to combine specific types of food with affordable local plants. A large variety of natural food resources grow in Zambia, such as Moringa oleifera (MO), whose leaves are known for their health benefits, but are not consumed much by local population...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Late effect of the food consumption on colorectal cancer rate.
This study correlates food disappearance data per capita for vegetable and meat with future age-adjusted CRC rates in USA. The lag weights, with a high confidence, showed that there is a positive correlation between the red meat availability and CRC age-adjusted incidence rates with a lag of at least 17 years and an Almon polynomial degree of 2. Conversely, there was a negative correlation between vegetables availability and future age-adjusted incidence rates of CRC. PMID: 29768948 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Susceptibility of gut indigenous lactic acid bacteria in BALB/c mice to oral administered Lactobacillus plantarum.
Authors: Kuda T, Yokota Y, Haraguchi Y, Takahashi H, Kimura B Abstract Cells of Lactobacillus plantarum strains AN1 and Tennozu-SU2 exert anti-inflammatory responses in ICR mouse models of inflammatory bowel disease and protective effects against S. Typhimurium infection in BALB/c mice, respectively. To clarify the existence of L. plantarum-susceptible gut indigenous bacteria, AN1 and Tennozu-SU2 cells were administered to BALB/c mice via drinking water. Gene amplicon sequencing of 16S rRNA of caecal content revealed that the AN1 and Tennozu-SU2 cells affected the abundance of caecal indigenous lactobacilli, but th...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Enzymatic treatment of pork protein for the enhancement of iron bioavailability.
This study investigated the effects of partially hydrolysed pork proteins on the bioavailability of non-haem iron. The peptides were derived using either pepsin or a combination of bacterial and fungal proteases, and their ability to deliver iron was evaluated in a rat intestine epithelial tissue model. The greatest iron absorption was achieved with peptides hydrolysed by pepsin of low molecular weight (
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: PMID: 29718752 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Impact of food pantry donations on diet of a low-income population.
CONCLUSIONS: Supplemental foods offered at food pantries are an important resource for improving nutrient intake of low-income populations. PMID: 29701137 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Commonly consumed beverages associate with different lifestyle and dietary intakes.
Authors: Brunkwall L, Almgren P, Hellstrand S, Orho-Melander M, Ericson U Abstract Sugar sweetened beverages (SSB), artificially sweetened beverages (ASB), juice, coffee and tea has been associated with risk of metabolic disease. High consumption of these beverages may be associated with certain characteristics of the overall diet that would be important to take into account when analysing beverage-disease associations. Here, we investigate five beverages and their association with lifestyle and diet in 25,112 individuals from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Cohort. We observed that high consumption of SSB was assoc...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Current evidence linking diet to gut microbiota and brain development and function.
Authors: Ceppa F, Mancini A, Tuohy K Abstract The gut:brain axis is emerging as an important information highway linking the foods we eat with neurophysiological development and functions. Some gut microorganisms have shown to alleviate anxiety and depression, improve cognitive performance and play a role in brain development in early life. However, most studies were conducted in laboratory animals and these findings await confirmation in carefully designed human interventions. Similarly, little attention has been given to how diet:microbe interactions within the gut can impact on neurotransmitter production or the...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary fats and cardiovascular health: a summary of the scientific evidence and current debate.
Authors: Fattore E, Massa E Abstract This narrative review summarises the main studies of the role of the different fatty acids in coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and the current scientific debate on dietary recommendations. Reduction and substitution of the saturated fatty acids (SFAs) with the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are still the main dietary recommendation to prevent CHD and CVD. In the last few years, however, the strength of the scientific evidence underlying this dietary advice has been questioned. Recent investigations reappraise the previously declared deleter...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 6, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research