Bread making with sourdough and intact cereal and legume grains - effect on glycaemic index and glycaemic load.
In this study, we sought to develop low-GI bread prototypes and examined the effects of bread making on content of total dietary fibre (TDF) and resistant starch (RS). Five bread prototypes were made in a commercial bakery, using sourdough fermentation and intact cereal and legume kernels. Predicted (p-GI) and in vivo GI values were determined, and TDF and RS were quantified. The p-GI value of the five prototypes was between 56 and 68. The confirmed in vivo GI value was 65 and 67 for two of the breads. The TDF content (≥17%) was not affected by bread making, but RS content was increased by three-fold. All brea...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 31, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and weight status in children: the role of parental feeding practices.
Authors: Costarelli V, Michou M, Panagiotakos DB, Lionis C Abstract The study examines Parental Feeding Practices (PFP) in relation to adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) and children's weight status. It's a cross-sectional study of 402 parents (68.4% mothers), with children aged 2-12 years. Parents completed the Comprehensive Parental Feeding Questionnaire and the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index for children and adolescents (KIDMED), evaluating children's adherence to the MD. Logistic regression showed that in children aged 2-
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Long-term resveratrol treatment improves the capillarization in the skeletal muscles of ageing C57BL/6J mice.
Authors: Toniolo L, Formoso L, Torelli L, Crea E, Bergamo A, Sava G, Giacomello E Abstract We recently showed that the treatment with Resveratrol (RES) contrasts the effects of ageing on the skeletal muscle (SKM), reduces the appearance of tubular aggregates (TAs), and improves the fatigue resistance. Since fatigue resistance depends on the SKM capillary network, and RES has been described to improve vascularisation, we analysed the SKM capillarization in naturally ageing C57BL/6J male mice, fed with 0.04% RES in the diet for 6 months, which showed a better fatigue resistance in a previous work. Our data sho...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Consumption of a smoothie or cereal-based breakfast: impact on thirst, hunger, appetite and subsequent dietary intake.
This study examined consumption of cereal and milk (CM) or a nutritionally comparable fruit smoothie (FS) for breakfast on subsequent dietary behaviours, in a controlled laboratory setting. Twenty-five participants (age 25 ± 6 y) completed three trials, receiving either CM or FS for breakfast. Afterwards, participants remained isolated for 4 h with ad libitum access to foods/beverages. A repeat trial (CM or FS) allowed exploration of normal variability. Post-breakfast energy intake (EI) (CM = 1465(2436) vs. FS = 1787(3190) kJ, Median (IQR), p = 0.099), time to intake of next...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Influence of the addition of different ingredients on the bioaccessibility of glucose released from rice during dynamic in  vitro gastrointestinal digestion.
Influence of the addition of different ingredients on the bioaccessibility of glucose released from rice during dynamic in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 May 18;:1-12 Authors: Fernandes JM, Madalena DA, Vicente AA, Pinheiro AC Abstract Rice represents a primary source of carbohydrates in human nutrition. Upon its consumption, the released sugars are mostly absorbed, categorising rice as a high glycemic index food. Addition of ingredients is common practice when cooking rice, which may affect rice digestibility and influence nutrients absorption in the gastrointestinal ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

FOODLIT-PRO: conceptual and empirical development of the food literacy wheel.
Authors: Rosas R, Pimenta F, Leal I, Schwarzer R Abstract Pursuing food systems' sustainability is crucial. Given the risk constituted by unhealthy diets, scarce research on food-related adjacent fields, and inconsistency across food literacy conceptualizations, this study aims to explore the constructs' definition and develop a conceptual and empirical framework of food literacy. A quantitative approach was taken on previously obtained qualitative outcomes from 30 interviews with experts from food-related fields. Food literacy was defined by a four-dimension model: Cooking Skills, Preserve and Analyse, Choice and ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The opera prevention project.
In conclusion the OPERA PREVENTION PROJECT could represent a health promotion intervention reproducible in all the countries having high rates of subjects with obesity and overweight. PMID: 32401074 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Maternal soy protein isolate diet during lactation programmes to higher metabolic risk in adult male offspring.
Authors: de Almeida Brasiel PG, Schuchter Ferreira M, Vieira AM, Sarto Figueiredo M, Cristina Lisboa P, Gaspar de Moura E, Cesar Ferraz Lopes F, de Aguiar AS, Luquetti Dutra SCP Abstract Soy consumption and its components, including its protein, are related to the beneficial effects of the lipid profile, decreased insulin resistance and glycaemia. However, the safety of the consumption of products containing phytoestrogens in critical stages of development has been questioned, since they may be associated with endocrine-metabolic dysfunctions in adult life. The purpose is to evaluate the effects of maternal dietary...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Is Mediterranean diet still a common dietary pattern in the Mediterranean area?
Authors: Martini D, Bes-Restrollo M PMID: 32375519 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of orthodox religious fasting versus combined energy and time restricted eating on body weight, lipid concentrations and glycaemic profile.
Authors: Karras SN, Koufakis T, Adamidou L, Antonopoulou V, Karalazou P, Thisiadou K, Mitrofanova E, Mulrooney H, Petróczi A, Zebekakis P, Makedou K, Kotsa K Abstract For seven weeks, 37 overweight adults followed a hypocaloric diet based on Orthodox Fasting (OF). A hypocaloric, time restricted eating (TRE) plan (eating between 08:00 to 16:00 h, water fasting from 16:00 to 08:00 h) was followed by 23 Body Mass Index (BMI)-matched participants. Anthropometric, glycaemic and inflammation markers and serum lipids were assessed before and after the diets. Both OF and TRE groups demonstrated reducti...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of the intake of craft or industrial beer on serum homocysteine.
Authors: Rossi F, Spigno G, Luzzani G, Bozzoni ME, Donadini G, Rolla J, Bertuzzi T Abstract Beer is a source of folate, vitamin B6 and B12, molecules involved in the pathways of homocysteine (HCY), a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. This research evaluated if a consumption of craft or industrial beer could reduce serum HCY. In a randomised cross-over study, 12 men (28.7 ± 6.0 years) and 12 women (29.4 ± 7.5 years), healthy, omnivorous, with normal body mass index, non-smoking and not taking oral supplements or contraceptives, followed a free-living diet...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Polyphenols intervention is an effective strategy to ameliorate inflammatory bowel disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
In conclusions, polyphenols might be an effective adjuvant treatment for ameliorating IBD. Considering the relatively few studies included in our present study, further clinical trials are required to verify the effects of polyphenols on IBD. PMID: 32369394 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Comparison of utilisation and fermentation of highly cross-linked phosphate starches produced from two different plant origins, potato and tapioca in rats and humans.
Authors: Hamanaka M, Stewart M, Miyahara K, Nakamura S, Oku T Abstract The utilisation and fermentation of highly cross-linked phosphate starches made from two different origins, potato (HXL-P) and tapioca (HXL-T) were investigated in rats and humans. HXL-P and HXL-T were highly resistant to digestion by carbohydrate enzymes and were also resistant to fermentation by gut microbiota in rats. The postprandial blood glucose scarcely increased after administration of HXL-P or HXL-T in healthy humans. Incremental AUC of both HXL-P and HXL-T for 180 min was significantly lower than that of glucose (p 
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Feeding the preterm infant: an overview of the evidence.
Authors: Poulimeneas D, Bathrellou E, Antonogeorgos G, Mamalaki E, Kouvari M, Kuligowski J, Gormaz M, Panagiotakos DB, Yannakoulia M, NUTRISHIELD Consortium Abstract Feeding from own mother's milk is not always an option for preterm infants, and choosing between alternative means of feeding should be made in light of their effect on infants' health. In this work, we aimed to present evidence regarding feeding pre-term infants with human milk, either own mother's or donor milk (DM), and the potential effects on growth and other health related outcomes. Exclusive breastfeeding (BF) remains the optimal option, whereas...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Comprehensive dietary evaluation of Italian primary school children: food consumption and intake of energy, nutrients and phenolic compounds.
This study provided the first comprehensive analysis of the nutritional composition of children's diet. Future research should look at the health implications of dietary choices in children. PMID: 32316789 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The insulin-sensitising properties of the ellagitannin geraniin and its metabolites from Nephelium lappaceum rind in 3T3-L1 cells.
In this study, the insulin-like and insulin sensitising effects of the ellagitannins geraniin, corilagin, ellagic acid, gallic acid and Nephelium lappaceum rind extract in 3T3-L1 adipocytes was investigated. It was observed that non-toxic concentrations of geraniin and its metabolites (0.2-20 μM) and N. lappaceum extract (0.2-20 μg/mL) exhibited insulin-like properties in the absence of insulin and insulin-sensitising properties in the presence of insulin particularly with regards to glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The compounds were further able to promote adipocyte differentiation and may be invo...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of resveratrol on intestinal tight junction proteins and the gut microbiome in high-fat diet-fed insulin resistant mice.
Authors: Chen K, Zhao H, Shu L, Xing H, Wang C, Lu C, Song G Abstract High-fat diet (HFD)-feeding induces changes in the microbiome and increases intestinal permeability by impairing tight junction (TJ) protein function, which may explain the insulin resistance (IR) and associated pathologies. We aimed to determine the effects of resveratrol (RES) on the gut microbiome and intestinal TJ proteins. Results showed that RES administration improved the lipid profile, and ameliorated the endotoxemia, inflammation, intestinal barrier defect and glucose intolerance in the HFD-fed mice. Furthermore, it modified the gut micr...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Mediterranean diet adherence and weight status among Sicilian Middle school adolescents.
Authors: De Santi M, Callari F, Brandi G, Toscano RV, Scarlata L, Amagliani G, Schiavano GF Abstract During the last decades, an important modification of dietary habits has been observed in the Mediterranean countries, especially among young people. The aim of this study was to evaluate adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and its relationship with weight status in a group of Italian middle school adolescents by using the KIDMED test. The evaluation of weight status revealed that 61.5, 26.8, and 11.7% were normal weight, overweight, and obese, respectively. MedDiet adherence was high in 13.3%, average in ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Protective effects of 17- β-oestradiol and phytoestrogen on age-induced oxidative stress and inhibition of surfactant synthesis in rat type II pneumocytes.
In conclusion, aging and oestrogen deprivation decreased PC synthesis and altered the redox status in type II pneumocytes, which were partially restored by 17-β-oestradiol or soy supplementation. PMID: 32314935 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Vitamin B and vitamin D as modulators of gut microbiota in overweight individuals.
Authors: Jiang S, Zhu Q, Mai M, Yang W, Du G Abstract Growing evidence indicates that vitamin B (VB) and vitamin D (VD) are associated with the development of obesity. The effects of supplemental dietary VB and VD on the gut microbiota of obese individuals are still largely unknown. In the present study, 997 normoweight (NW) and 773 overweight (OW) samples were screened from the American Gut Project. The microbial α-diversity was not affected by VB, VD or VB combined with VD (VBD) supplementation in the normoweight population or the overweigh population. VD significantly modulated 20 gut microbial metabolic p...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Nutrition and aging: is there a link to cognitive health?
Authors: Grosso G PMID: 32279624 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Critical and emerging topics in dietary carbohydrates and health.
Authors: Dall'Asta M, Del Rio D, Tappy L, Potì F, Agostoni C, Brighenti F Abstract Multiple factors may affect the metabolic fate of carbohydrates. Today, well-standardised and accepted methods may allow for the definitions of the changes in the glucose and insulin curves following the ingestion of either carbohydrate-based and other foods. More debate is still raised on the clinical meaning of these classifications when used at a population level, while emphasis is raised on the approach to carbohydrate metabolism on an individual basis. Within these ranges of applications, other compounds, such as plant po...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Orbitides isolated from flaxseed induce apoptosis against SGC-7901 adenocarcinoma cells.
In this study, we investigated the effects of orbitides isolated from flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) on the growth of SGC-7901 cancer cells and the potential mechanism. Results showed that flaxseed orbitides killed off cancer cells by inducing apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner, which was confirmed by the appearance of nuclear shrinkage and DNA fragmentation, and the inhibitory effect was stronger than that of pure orbitide [1-9-NαC]-linusorb B2 or [1-9-NαC]-linusorb B3. Besides, the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway-related protein cytochrome C (Cyt C) was released from mitochondria to cytosol, associated with ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Is fatty acid composition of breast milk different in various populations? A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Bahreynian M, Feizi A, Kelishadi R Abstract This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to systematically review the fatty acid (FA) composition of breast milk in different populations. We systematically searched the Medline via PubMed, Scopus and Clarivate till July 2019. We initially retrieved 433 articles. Having removed duplicates, with initial searching of title and abstracts, 317 papers were excluded and 80 remained. A meta-analysis of 80 cross-sectional, cohort studies, including 8793 subjects, was conducted. Meta-regression analysis indicated that factors including maternal age (p-values of SFA: ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Nutritional hazard analysis and critical control points at work (NACCPW): interdisciplinary assessment of subjective and metabolic work-related risk of the workers and their prevention.
This article addresses the multidisciplinary assessment and management of these risks in order to define a Nutrient Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point at Work (NACCPW), specifically dedicated to proper nutrition, which workers must take over before or during the work schedule. It describes the various steps that the professionals concerned will need to develop to define the work-related and subjective metabolic and nutritional critical points and their corrective actions. NACCPW allows to balance work-related metabolic risk with subjective nutritional risk of workers and gives indications to reduce both. The furthe...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Refined grains intake in high fat, high protein, low carbohydrate and low energy levels subgroups and higher likelihood of abdominal obesity in Chinese population.
Authors: Ji XN, Huang M, Yao SH, Qi JY, Onwuka JU, Wang Y, Wang XM, Chen Y, Wu XY, Liu LY, Wang SH, Zhou M, He YH, Feng RN Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between refined grains intake and obesity in China. Refined grain intake was considered in relation to energy intake and at varied levels of macronutrient distribution. A cross-sectional study of 6913 participants was conducted using internet-based dietary questionnaire for Chinese (IDQC). The associations and dose-response relationships between refined grains intake and obesity were investigated using multivariable logistic ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Combined cranberry supplementation and weight loss diet in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial.
Authors: Hormoznejad R, Mohammad Shahi M, Rahim F, Helli B, Alavinejad P, Sharhani A Abstract A double-blind placebo-controlled randomised clinical trial was conducted on 41 patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Participants were randomly allocated to receive either a cranberry supplement or a placebo for 12 weeks. Both groups were assigned to follow a weight loss diet. At the end of the study, alanine aminotransferase and insulin decreased significantly in both groups (p 
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary determinants of unhealthy metabolic phenotype in normal weight and overweight/obese adults: results of a prospective study.
Authors: Mirmiran P, Moslehi N, Hosseinpanah F, Sarbazi N, Azizi F Abstract We aimed to investigate associations of dietary intakes with unhealthy metabolic phenotype development, in normal weight and overweight/obese adults separately. A total of 1114 individuals, aged ≥19 years, with healthy phenotype in the third examination cycle of Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study were followed until the fifth examination. Dietary intakes were estimated using the food frequency questionnaires, collected during the study. The participants were grouped as normal weight and overweight/obese according to the baseline body mass in...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of fatty acids composition in a breakfast meal on the postprandial lipid responses: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.
This study assessed the effects of fatty acids composition on the postprandial triglycerides and cholesterol responses. Seventeen randomised controlled trials were identified and pooled analysis results revealed that consumption of a UFAs-rich or an SFAs-rich breakfast meal did not acutely affect postprandial triglycerides and cholesterol responses. However, subgroup analysis observed that triglycerides incremental area under the curve was lower with an SFAs-rich meal (SMD: -0.36; 95% CI: -0.57, -0.15) over a less than 8 h duration, while was higher (SMD: 0.59; 95% CI: 0.05, 1.23) over a longer postprandial duration...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

FASTING-MIMICKING DIET a clarion call for human nutrition research or an additional swan song for a commercial diet?
Authors: Sofi F Abstract Numerous studies have reported beneficial effects for fasting in cellular and animal models, but human studies have shown conflicting results. Recently, a new diet has been introduced both in the scientific literature and in the lay media, the so-called fasting-mimicking diet. It is mainly characterised by a diet period that imitates fasting (generally 4-5 consecutive days) consisting of low or very low-calorie intake with a low or very low contribution of carbohydrates and proteins and a high fat intake. This protocol has been tested in some experimental animal models that have studied dif...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Association between adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and circulating Vitamin D levels.
This study argues that a closer adherence to Med-Diet is independently associated with an increase of 25(OH)D suggesting that higher vitamin D levels may contribute to the protective effect of the Med-Diet on osteoporosis. PMID: 32223463 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Taste sensitivity and lifestyle are associated with food preferences and BMI in children.
Authors: Rodrigues L, Silverio R, Costa AR, Antunes C, Pomar C, Infante P, Amado F, Lamy E Abstract Oral food perception together with lifestyle may affect food preferences and choices, influencing weight gain and obesity development. The present study was designed to evaluate the association of biological (taste sensitivity) and lifestyle variables with children food preferences, assessing whether all these variables contribute to explain BMI percentile. After anthropometric evaluation, 387 children were classified for bitter and sweet taste sensitivities. Socioeconomic/lifestyle aspects and hedonics for 36 foods ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Correction.
Authors: PMID: 32157929 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Carbohydrates designed with different digestion rates modulate gastric emptying response in rats.
Authors: Hasek LY, Phillips RJ, Hayes AMR, Kinzig K, Zhang G, Powley TL, Hamaker BR Abstract We sought to determine whether design of carbohydrate-based microspheres to have different digestion rates, while retaining the same material properties, could modulate gastric emptying through the ileal brake. Microspheres made to have three slow digestion rates and a rapidly digested starch analogue (maltodextrin) were administrated to rats by gavage and starch contents in the stomach, proximal and distal small intestine, and caecum were measured 2 h post-gavage. A stepwise increase in the amount of starch retained...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Mineral compositions of infant complementary foods in relation to dietary daily intake and synergistic/antagonistic interrelationships.
This study investigated the levels of selected essential elements in a brand of industrially prepared complementary foods in the UK for infants aged 4+, 7+, and 10+ months in order to ascertain their nutritional standards relative to the mineral reference daily intakes and interrelationships. Estimated daily intake of minerals was calculated from elemental contribution from the complementary foods and breast milk. The results showed remarkable significant differences (p  .05) between the estimated daily intakes compared to the standard values stipulated by the regulatory bodies. Although, the results showed t...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Stability and anti-topoisomerase activity of phenolic compounds of Capsicum annuum "Serrano" after gastrointestinal digestion and in  vitro colonic fermentation.
Stability and anti-topoisomerase activity of phenolic compounds of Capsicum annuum "Serrano" after gastrointestinal digestion and in vitro colonic fermentation. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Mar 04;:1-13 Authors: Cárdenas-Castro AP, Alvarez-Parrilla E, Montalvo-González E, Sánchez-Burgos JA, Venema K, Sáyago-Ayerdi SG Abstract "Serrano" pepper is extensively used in Mexican cuisine. The aim of this study was to identify the bioaccessible phenolic compounds (PC) of "Serrano" pepper as well as short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) produced and PC biocon...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 7, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Folate content of gluten-free food purchases and dietary intake are low in children with coeliac disease.
Authors: Cyrkot S, Anders S, Kamprath C, Liu A, Mileski H, Dowhaniuk J, Nasser R, Marcon M, Brill H, Turner JM, Mager DR Abstract The lack of mandated folate enrichment of gluten-free (GF) grains in Canada has been suspected to contribute to suboptimal folate intake among children suffering from Celiac disease (CD). Children with CD on the gluten-free diet (GFD) face nutrient imbalances (higher fat/sugar, lower folate) from processed GF foods. The study objective examined folate intake in children with CD and folate content of household food purchases. Households collected food receipts for 30 days to assess...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Association between soft drink consumption and handgrip strength in middle aged and older adults: the TCLSIH cohort study.
Authors: Wu H, Li X, Zhang Q, Liu L, Meng G, Gu Y, Zhang S, Sun S, Zhou M, Jia Q, Song K, Sun Z, Niu K Abstract A cross-sectional study was conducted to explore the association between soft drink consumption and handgrip strength (HGS) in subjects aged 40 years and older (n = 14,925). After multivariable-adjustment (including demographics, lifestyles, family history of diseases, dietary intake, and other beverages consumption), the least square means (95% confidence interval) of HGS across soft drink consumption categories were 43.1(42.7, 43.5) kg for almost never drink, 42.9(42.4, 43.4) kg for
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The effect of chocolate-based products on some appetite-related hormones: a systematic review.
Authors: Shirzadi Z, Djafarian K, Safabakhsh M, Clark CCT, Shab-Bidar S Abstract Studies have shown the effects of chocolate-based products on appetite-related indicators; however, the results of these studies are equivocal. Thus, the aim of the present study was to conduct a systematic review of studies investigating the acute and long-term response of appetite-related hormones to chocolate intake in adults. A systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE for published studies, in English, was performed from inception up to November 2018. It appears that ghrelin and leptin are not responsible for the satiating effect of...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The composition of faecal microbiota is related to the amount and variety of dietary fibres.
Authors: Adamberg K, Jaagura M, Aaspõllu A, Nurk E, Adamberg S Abstract For normal gut and body function, the diet should contain variety of dietary fibres. To elucidate the links between food intake, especially the variety of dietary fibres, faecal microbiota, body mass index and content of blood lipids, 59 healthy subjects on common Estonian diet were enrolled. The dietary records were analysed at nutrient level while seven categories of fibres were characterised to differentiate variety of fibre profiles consumed. The data of the high fibre (HF) intake (>15.1 g/1000 kcal) and the low fibre (LF) intake (
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Impact of insulin and glucocorticoid signalling on hepatic glucose homeostasis in the rat exposed to high-fructose diet and chronic stress.
Authors: Teofilović A, Brkljačić J, Djordjevic A, VojnovićMilutinović D, Tappy L, Matić G, Veličković N Abstract Overconsumption of fructose-enriched beverages and everyday stress are involved in the pathogenesis of metabolic disorders through modulation of hepatic glucose metabolism. The aim of the study was to investigate whether interaction of high-fructose diet and chronic stress alter insulin and glucocorticoid signalling thus affecting hepatic glucose homeostasis. High-fructose diet led to hyperinsulinemia, increased glucose transporter 2 level, elevated protein kinase B (Akt) phosphorylation, increas...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of a plant-based fatty acid supplement and a powdered fruit, vegetable and berry juice concentrate on omega-3-indices and serum micronutrient concentrations in healthy subjects.
Authors: Dams S, Holasek S, Tsiountsioura M, Edelsbrunner M, Dietz P, Koefeler H, Malliga DE, Gürbüz A, Meier-Allard N, Poncza B, Lackner S, Schwarzenberger E, Jansenberger Y, Lamprecht M Abstract The major aim of this controlled, randomised, open-labelled, parallel-grouped, clinical trial was to investigate whether supplementation with different dosages of omega-3 fatty acids (0.5 g/d and 1 g/d) from a plant-based fatty acid supplement affected omega-3-indices (O3I) in well-nourished, healthy people. In addition, the combined ingestion of the plant-based fatty acid supplement, together with...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Food consumption by degree of processing and cardiometabolic risk: a systematic review.
In conclusion, current evidences indicate the need to monitor UPF intake in global population. However, more studies are necessary to interpret better these associations with similar methodologies used in the studies. As well as longitudinal analyses can help to improve comparisons between outcomes and establish cause-effect relationship between UPF intake and cardiometabolic risk. PMID: 32053758 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Do pregnant women eat healthier than non-pregnant women of childbearing age?
Authors: Savard C, Plante AS, Carbonneau E, Gagnon C, Robitaille J, Lamarche B, Lemieux S, Morisset AS Abstract We aimed to compare the dietary quality and intake of pregnant women, women planning to conceive and women of childbearing age. Fifty-five pregnant women were matched for age and pre-pregnancy body mass index with 55 women planning to conceive and 55 women of childbearing age. Three Web-based 24-h recalls were completed, from which the Canadian Healthy Eating Index was calculated. Pregnant women had greater overall diet quality scores (66.8 ± 10.7, 60.3 ± 14.1 and...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Interaction and action mechanism of starch with different phenolic compounds.
Authors: Chen N, Gao HX, He Q, Yu ZL, Zeng WC Abstract The interaction and action mechanism of starch with different phenolic compounds were investigated. By using scanning electron microscope, nuclear magnetic resonance, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis, phenolic compounds exhibited the significant effects on the morphology, intensity of hydrogen bond, crystalline structure and thermal stability of starch, respectively. Furthermore, according to the analysis of molecular dynamics simulation by using short-chain glucose (SGS) as model, phenolic compounds could change the spati...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 7, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Adherence to DASH dietary pattern is inversely associated with osteoarthritis in Americans.
This study included adults (≥ aged 20 years) who participated in the National Health and Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2016 in the United States. Adherence to the DASH score was calculated from 8 food groups. Higher scores indicate better adherence to the DASH dietary pattern. Among the 21,901 participants included in this study, 10.26% reported having OA. Results of our multivariable logistic regression indicated a statistically significant inverse association between DASH score tertiles and OA. The adjusted ORs (95% CI) were 1.00 (ref), 0.89 (0.72; 1.10), and 0.78 (0.60; 1.00) across increasing DASH score te...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 7, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Bioactive fatty acids in seafood from Ionian Sea and relation to dietary recommendations.
The objective of the present study was to determine lipid content, fatty acid composition and the recommended daily portion of 13 fish species, nine bivalves, six crustacean, three echinoderm and three cephalopod species, from the Mediterranean Sea (Southern Italy). Fatty acids profile varied significantly among species (p 
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Contribution of amylose-procyanidin complexes to slower starch digestion of red-colored rice prepared by cooking with adzuki bean.
Authors: Morina F, Hirota S, Takahama U Abstract Combining high-carbohydrate food with polyphenol-rich food is a possible way of producing slowly digestible starch with beneficial health properties. In Japan, non-glutinous and glutinous rice are cooked with adzuki bean and the colour of the cooked rice is pale red. In this article, we show that (1) the red colour of rice could be attributed to the oxidation of adzuki bean procyanidins, (2) pancreatin-induced starch digestion of the red-coloured non-glutinous rice was slower than white rice and (3) the digestion of amylose and potato starch but not amylopectin becam...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Associations of dietary vitamin B1, vitamin B2, niacin, vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and folate equivalent intakes with metabolic syndrome.
Authors: Wu Y, Li S, Wang W, Zhang D Abstract The study used the data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2014 to analyse the relationship of dietary vitamin B1, B2, niacin, B6, B12 and dietary folate equivalent (DEF) intakes with metabolic syndrome. In the multivariate-adjusted model 2, compared with the lowest quartile of dietary intake, the odd ratios (ORs;95% confidence intervals (CIs)) were 0.73 (0.59-0.91), 0.76 (0.61-0.95), 0.76 (0.59-0.98) and 0.77 (0.62-0.96) for the highest quartile of vitamin B1, niacin, B6 and DFE, respectively. The ORs (95%CIs) for the third and the ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Sustained effects of resistant starch on the expression of genes related to carbohydrate digestion/absorption in the small intestine.
In this study, we evaluated the effect of a 14-day diet containing RS on α-glucosidase activity and the expression of genes related to carbohydrate digestion/absorption in rats. We examined whether the effects of RS persist when the rats were shifted to a control diet. The results suggest that RS consumption reduces α-glucosidase activity and Mgam, Si and Sglt1 mRNA levels in the proximal jejunum. In addition, RS consumption appeared to influence the serum GIP level, up to 2 days after the animals were shifted to a control diet. To our knowledge, this is the first report that RS has a sustained effect on...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research