Influence of economic crisis on dietary quality and obesity rates.
The objective was to investigate how socio-economic changes have modified body mass index values and dietary patterns in the Spanish population. A comparative cross-sectional analysis of the last two iterations of the Spanish National Health Survey (SNSH) was done. The independent variables were sex, age, education level, employment situation, and social class. Outcome variables were: poor diet quality and obesity. Economic crisis increases the probability to become obese and to have a poor diet and employment situation is the variable that showed the greatest differences between years. While in 2006 to be unemployed did n...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The sweet taste signalling pathways in the oral cavity and the gastrointestinal tract affect human appetite and food intake: a review.
Authors: Han P, Bagenna B, Fu M Abstract Sweet taste is associated with food reward and energy source in the form of carbohydrate. Excessive sweet consumption is blamed for the prevalence of obesity. However, evidence for the potential of sweet taste to influence food intake and bodyweight regulation in humans remains unclear. The purpose of this review was to examine the physiological responses relevant to sweet taste mechanisms and the impact on appetite control. The literature was examined for studies that assessed the effects of non-nutritive sweeteners and natural sugars on hormonal secretions and neural activ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - August 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Higher vegetable protein consumption, assessed by an isoenergetic macronutrient exchange model, is associated with a lower presence of overweight and obesity in the web-based Food4me European study.
The objective was to evaluate differences in macronutrient intake and to investigate the possible association between consumption of vegetable protein and the risk of overweight/obesity, within the Food4Me randomised, online intervention. Differences in macronutrient consumption among the participating countries grouped by EU Regions (Western Europe, British Isles, Eastern Europe and Southern Europe) were assessed. Relation of protein intake, within isoenergetic exchange patterns, from vegetable or animal sources with risk of overweight/obesity was assessed through the multivariate nutrient density model and a multivariate...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of different cooking methods on the antioxidant capacity and flavonoid, organic acid and mineral contents of Galega Kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala cv. Galega).
The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of different cooking methods (boiling, steaming, microwaving, pressure cooking and vacuum cooking) on the antioxidant capacity and on the flavonoid, organic acid and mineral contents of Galega kale. Results indicate that this vegetable has a high antioxidant capacity and high contents of total flavonoids, organic acids, and minerals such as potassium and calcium. All of the cooking methods yielded losses of antioxidant capacity and of total flavonoids, organic acids and minerals, relative to the contents in fresh kale. Steaming proved to be the best method of preserving...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Can the inclusion of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) in diet affect the flesh quality/nutritional traits of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) after freezing and cooking?
Authors: Secci G, Mancini S, Iaconisi V, Gasco L, Basto A, Parisi G Abstract Physical and chemical parameters of rainbow trout fillets were tested during 120 days of frozen storage and following cooking. The fillets were obtained from rainbow trout-fed diets where dietary fishmeal was substituted with Hermetia illucens meal at 0, 25 and 50% inclusion levels, corresponding to control (C), Hi25, and Hi50 diets. Variations in quality traits of fillets emerged after 30 days of frozen storage, however they remained almost unchanged for the other 90 days. Increasing levels of H. illucens did not affe...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Characterization of tomato processing by-product for use as a potential functional food ingredient: nutritional composition, antioxidant activity and bioactive compounds.
Authors: P A Silva Y, Borba BC, Pereira VA, Reis MG, Caliari M, Brooks MS, Ferreira TAPC Abstract Tomato pomace, a by-product generated during tomato processing, was collected at a large tomato processing industry. The by-product was mainly constituted of tomato skin (61.5%), and presented high moisture content (66.58 g.100g-1 wet basis). Among the nutrients, the highest content was of dietary fibre, followed by proteins and fat (50.74, 20.91, 14.14 g.100g-1 d.w., respectively). The pomace has high in vitro antioxidation capacity, especially when measured with the TEAC assay (224.81 μmol Tro...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Delivery of alpha-tocopherol through soluble dietary fibre-based nanofibres for improving the life span of Caenorhabditis elegans.
Authors: Li J, Chotiko A, Chouljenko A, Gao C, Zheng J, Sathivel S Abstract The effect of alpha-tocopherol (α-TOC) delivered by soluble dietary fibre-based nanofibres (α-TOC-SDNF) on the life span of nematode Caenorhabditis elegans N2 (wild type) and TK22 (mev-1 mutants) with and without heat shock was investigated. Without heat shock, the wild-type and mev-1 mutants maintained in the 100 µg/mL of α-TOC-SDNF had longer life spans than their respective blank control groups. With heat shock, the wild-type N2 in the 200 µg/mL of α-TOC-SDNF had a survival rate of 5% at ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Osteopontin-enriched formula feeding improves the T-cell-dependent humoral immune responses in infant rats.
Authors: Chen X, Fang M, Xing S, Zuo D, Zhang P, Hu Z Abstract Previous studies have shown that osteopontin (OPN) can enhance infant resistance to infection. However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be explored. Here, we studied the effects of OPN on the development and functions of immune cells in infant rats fed with OPN-enriched formula (OF) compared with regular formula (RF). After 21 days feeding, the proportion of infant rats' CD3+ T cells of lymph nodes in the OF group is significantly increased compared with the RF group. The proportion of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells of lymph nodes in the OF group is c...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: PMID: 29999432 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 14, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Validation of a self-administered version of the Mediterranean diet scale (MDS) for cardiac rehabilitation patients in Canada.
In conclusion, the self-administered version of the MDS demonstrated good reliability and validity. PMID: 29962239 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of mate tea (Ilex paraguariensis) on the expression of the leukocyte NADPH oxidase subunit p47phox and on circulating inflammatory cytokines in healthy men: a pilot study.
Authors: Panza VP, Brunetta HS, de Oliveira MV, Nunes EA, da Silva EL Abstract Increased superoxide production by phagocytic NADPH oxidase has been associated with inflammatory conditions. Growing evidences suggest that dietary polyphenols may modulate the expression of NADPH oxidase subunits. Herein, we examined whether soluble mate tea (SMT) consumption - a polyphenol-rich beverage - affects the expression of the leukocyte NADPH oxidase protein p47phox and/or circulating biomarkers of inflammation and antioxidant biomarkers in humans. In a two-phase study, nine men were requested to drink water (control) for 8&nb...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet in a population of South of Italy: factors involved and proposal of an educational field-based survey tool.
Authors: Vitale M, Racca E, Izzo A, Giacco A, Parente E, Riccardi G, Giacco R Abstract We developed and validated a tool assessing the adherence to the Mediterranean diet based on current nutritional recommendations for health promotion (MEDI-Quest). Four-hundred-and-eleven clinically healthy subjects completed both the MEDI-Quest-score and the validated MedDietScore (MDS). A good accordance between MEDI-Quest and MDS was observed (R = 0.638), as well as for the percentage of individuals having similar scores with both methods for each food group. Regarding socio-cultural-factors, higher adherence was...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

In vitro digestion for assessing micronutrient bioavailability: the importance of digestion duration.
Authors: Stewart RJC, Morton H, Coad J, Pedley KC Abstract Static digestion in vitro is a commonly used technique for investigating micronutrient availability which allows the nutrients or foods of interest to be exposed to conditions that simulate those found within the stomach and small intestine. The activity of these digestive enzymes throughout their respective simulated digestion phases has been reported to decline due to the autolytic activity of the proteases and therefore incomplete digestion may result. The degree of protease inactivation under commonly simulated digestion conditions requires further quan...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Glycaemic index, glycaemic load and dietary fibre characteristics of two commercially available fruit smoothies.
Authors: Saltaouras G, Shaw PK, Fraser AC, Hawes C, Smith H, Handley L, Whitby H, Thondre SP, Lightowler HJ Abstract In light of the updated Eatwell Guide and the corresponding change in the consumption of fruit smoothies, the aim of this study was to measure the glycaemic index and load of two commercial fruit smoothies and to investigate the retention of dietary fibre following production. In vitro analysis was performed to identify fibre material (cellulose and pectins) using calcofluor staining and immunocytochemical labelling. A repeated measures cross-over study was conducted (n 10) to determine the glycaemic...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of sprouting on nutritional quality of pulses.
Authors: Erba D, Angelino D, Marti A, Manini F, Faoro F, Morreale F, Pellegrini N, Casiraghi MC Abstract In order to investigate the nutritional quality of industrial-scale sprouted versus unsprouted chickpeas and green peas, before and after cooking, the ultrastructure, chemical composition, antioxidant capacity, starch digestibility, mineral content and accessibility were analysed. Sprouting did not deeply affect raw seed structure, although after cooking starch granules appeared more porous and swelled. Chemical composition of raw sprouted seeds was not strongly affected, excepting an increase in protein (both p...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - June 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Probiotics for inflammatory bowel diseases: a promising adjuvant treatment.
In conclusion, probiotic supplementation is a promising adjuvant treatment in UC, but not in CD. PMID: 29804478 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of blueberry extract, carriers, and combinations on the growth rate of probiotic and pathogenic bacteria.
Authors: Michel-Barba MG, Espinosa-Andrews H, García-Reyes RA, Desjardins Y, González-Ávila M Abstract The blueberry is recognised as a source of phenolic compounds that have beneficial effects on human health; however, they possess low bioavailability and can be degraded by gastrointestinal conditions. Encapsulation has been widely used to mitigate these disadvantages; Gum Arabic (GA) and Corn Syrup Solids (CSS) are common carriers used in this technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Blueberry Extract (BE), carriers and their mixtures on the kinetic growth and maximal gr...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Nutritional characterisation of Zambian Moringa oleifera: acceptability and safety of short-term daily supplementation in a group of malnourished girls.
Authors: Barichella M, Pezzoli G, Faierman SA, Raspini B, Rimoldi M, Cassani E, Bertoli S, Battezzati A, Leone A, Iorio L, Ferri V, Pinelli G, Pusani C, Bolliri C, Cilia R, Caronni S, De Marco P, Cereda E Abstract In Zambia, chronic malnutrition still is one of the most common problem among children. To fight against malnutrition, the easiest short-term solution could be to combine specific types of food with affordable local plants. A large variety of natural food resources grow in Zambia, such as Moringa oleifera (MO), whose leaves are known for their health benefits, but are not consumed much by local population...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Late effect of the food consumption on colorectal cancer rate.
This study correlates food disappearance data per capita for vegetable and meat with future age-adjusted CRC rates in USA. The lag weights, with a high confidence, showed that there is a positive correlation between the red meat availability and CRC age-adjusted incidence rates with a lag of at least 17 years and an Almon polynomial degree of 2. Conversely, there was a negative correlation between vegetables availability and future age-adjusted incidence rates of CRC. PMID: 29768948 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Susceptibility of gut indigenous lactic acid bacteria in BALB/c mice to oral administered Lactobacillus plantarum.
Authors: Kuda T, Yokota Y, Haraguchi Y, Takahashi H, Kimura B Abstract Cells of Lactobacillus plantarum strains AN1 and Tennozu-SU2 exert anti-inflammatory responses in ICR mouse models of inflammatory bowel disease and protective effects against S. Typhimurium infection in BALB/c mice, respectively. To clarify the existence of L. plantarum-susceptible gut indigenous bacteria, AN1 and Tennozu-SU2 cells were administered to BALB/c mice via drinking water. Gene amplicon sequencing of 16S rRNA of caecal content revealed that the AN1 and Tennozu-SU2 cells affected the abundance of caecal indigenous lactobacilli, but th...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Enzymatic treatment of pork protein for the enhancement of iron bioavailability.
This study investigated the effects of partially hydrolysed pork proteins on the bioavailability of non-haem iron. The peptides were derived using either pepsin or a combination of bacterial and fungal proteases, and their ability to deliver iron was evaluated in a rat intestine epithelial tissue model. The greatest iron absorption was achieved with peptides hydrolysed by pepsin of low molecular weight (
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: PMID: 29718752 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - May 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Impact of food pantry donations on diet of a low-income population.
CONCLUSIONS: Supplemental foods offered at food pantries are an important resource for improving nutrient intake of low-income populations. PMID: 29701137 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Commonly consumed beverages associate with different lifestyle and dietary intakes.
Authors: Brunkwall L, Almgren P, Hellstrand S, Orho-Melander M, Ericson U Abstract Sugar sweetened beverages (SSB), artificially sweetened beverages (ASB), juice, coffee and tea has been associated with risk of metabolic disease. High consumption of these beverages may be associated with certain characteristics of the overall diet that would be important to take into account when analysing beverage-disease associations. Here, we investigate five beverages and their association with lifestyle and diet in 25,112 individuals from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Cohort. We observed that high consumption of SSB was assoc...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Current evidence linking diet to gut microbiota and brain development and function.
Authors: Ceppa F, Mancini A, Tuohy K Abstract The gut:brain axis is emerging as an important information highway linking the foods we eat with neurophysiological development and functions. Some gut microorganisms have shown to alleviate anxiety and depression, improve cognitive performance and play a role in brain development in early life. However, most studies were conducted in laboratory animals and these findings await confirmation in carefully designed human interventions. Similarly, little attention has been given to how diet:microbe interactions within the gut can impact on neurotransmitter production or the...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary fats and cardiovascular health: a summary of the scientific evidence and current debate.
Authors: Fattore E, Massa E Abstract This narrative review summarises the main studies of the role of the different fatty acids in coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and the current scientific debate on dietary recommendations. Reduction and substitution of the saturated fatty acids (SFAs) with the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are still the main dietary recommendation to prevent CHD and CVD. In the last few years, however, the strength of the scientific evidence underlying this dietary advice has been questioned. Recent investigations reappraise the previously declared deleter...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - April 6, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Association between dietary flavonoids intake and obesity in a cohort of adults living in the Mediterranean area.
We examined the association between estimated habitual intake of dietary flavonoid and obesity in a cohort study. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, inverse association between total flavonoid intake and excess weight (BMI ≥25) was found (OR = 0.66, 95% CI: 0.45, 0.99); among individual classes of flavonoids, only flavanones were inversely associated with excess body weight (OR = 0.68, 95% CI: 0.48, 0.97). However, when considering adjustment for dietary factors (adherence to the Mediterranean diet), the associations were no more significant. When considering obesity as...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

BioPepDB: an integrated data platform for food-derived bioactive peptides.
Authors: Li Q, Zhang C, Chen H, Xue J, Guo X, Liang M, Chen M Abstract Food-derived bioactive peptides play critical roles in regulating most biological processes and have considerable biological, medical and industrial importance. However, a large number of active peptides data, including sequence, function, source, commercial product information, references and other information are poorly integrated. BioPepDB is a searchable database of food-derived bioactive peptides and their related articles, including more than four thousand bioactive peptide entries. Moreover, BioPepDB provides modules of prediction and hyd...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 14, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Is dietary fibre truly protective against colon cancer? A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Gianfredi V, Salvatori T, Villarini M, Moretti M, Nucci D, Realdon S Abstract Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide. Growing evidence shows that about 47% of cases of colorectal cancer can be prevented by a healthy lifestyle. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the association between dietary fibre intake and the risk of colon cancer. We performed a structured computer search on PubMed, including epidemiological studies reporting results of dietary fibre intake and risk of colon cancer in women or men. We compared subjects exposed to the highest versus...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Associations of coffee consumption with circulating level of adiponectin and leptin. A meta-analysis of observational studies.
Authors: Zhang Y, Zhang DZ Abstract The association between coffee consumption and the circulating level of adiponectin and leptin has been evaluated in several epidemiological studies with conflicting results. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the associations of coffee consumption with the circulating level of adiponectin and leptin. A comprehensive literature search up to January 2018, using PUBMED, EMBASE and Web of Science databases, was conducted to identify the relevant observational studies that examined the associations of coffee consumption with the circulating level of adiponectin and lepti...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Broccoli and human health: immunomodulatory effect of sulforaphane in a model of colon cancer.
Authors: Bessler H, Djaldetti M Abstract The favourable properties of broccoli on human health are due to their abundant content of vitamins, minerals and isothiocyanates, the sulforaphane (SFN) being the most important. SFN is created from its precursor glucoraphanin and it is released by myrosinase enzymes produced during crushing of the plant. SFN has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties. The aim of the study was to determine if SFN may affect the immune dialogue between human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and HT-29 and RKO human colon cancer cells lines. Non- or mitogen...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary inflammatory index, bone health and body composition in a population of young adults: a cross-sectional study.
Authors: Correa-Rodríguez M, Rueda-Medina B, González-Jiménez E, Correa-Bautista JE, Ramírez-Vélez R, Schmidt-RioValle J Abstract Diet quality has been postulated as a relevant factor in disorders like obesity and osteoporosis as it modulates inflammatory biomarkers. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the dietary inflammatory index (DII) is associated with bone health status and body composition parameters in a population of young adults. The study population consisted of 599 young adults (aged 20.41 ± 2.72). Linear regression analysis revealed t...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Reply to letter to the editor on: "is there a relationship between excessive sugar consumption and sleep quality in children?"
Reply to letter to the editor on: "is there a relationship between excessive sugar consumption and sleep quality in children?" Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2018 Mar 06;:1-2 Authors: Watson EJ, Coates AM, Banks S, Kohler M PMID: 29508653 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Is there a relationship between excessive sugar consumption and sleep quality in children?
Authors: Pereira NRM, Tufik S, Hachul H PMID: 29508656 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Comparison of the in vitro toxicity of ancient Triticum monococcum varieties ID331 and Monlis.
Authors: Mamone G, Iacomino G Abstract Triticum monococcum L. is one of the oldest ancestors of wheat. There is some evidence that einkorn encloses forms of gliadin-deriving peptides which may potentially exert a reduced toxicity to consumers with gluten-related disorders. Accordingly, ID331 and Monlis lines were comparatively investigated in this study. The biological effects of gastro-resistant peptides deriving from an in vitro simulated digestion were evaluated on 21 d differentiated Caco-2 cells. Triticum aestivum digested gliadin was included as the positive control. ID331 neither enhanced cell permeabil...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - March 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Green tea supplementation upregulates uncoupling protein 3 expression in severe obese women adipose tissue but does not promote weight loss.
This study aims (i) to verify expression of the UCPs, PLIN1, PPARG2, and ADRB3 genes in the abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue of obese women at baseline and after 8 weeks of supplementation with decaffeinated green tea extract, and (ii) to associate findings with clinical parameters. This is a longitudinal study during which 11 women with obesity grade III were submitted to supplementation with 450 mg of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) (intervention group); the control group consisted of 10 eutrophic women. Anthropometric parameters [weight, height, and body mass index (BMI)], resting metabolic rate (RMR, me...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

A probabilistic intake model to estimate the impact of reformulation by the food industry among Irish consumers.
Authors: Pigat S, Connolly A, Cushen M, Cullen M, O'Mahony C Abstract This project quantified the impact that voluntary reformulation efforts of the food industry had on the Irish population's nutrient intake. Nutrient composition data on reformulated products were collected from 14 major food companies for two years, 2005 and 2012. Probabilistic intake assessments were performed using the Irish national food consumption surveys as dietary intake data. The nutrient data were weighted by market shares replacing existing food composition data for these products. The reformulation efforts assessed, significantly reduc...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of chocolate-based products intake on blood glucose, insulin and ghrelin levels and on satiety in young people: a cross-over experimental study.
In conclusion, compared to eating the tested biscuit, 21-day consumption of the tested chocolate-based products had no adverse effects on the blood glucose, insulin and ghrelin levels. This trial is registered with chictr.org.cn: ChiCTR-IOR-16009525. PMID: 29457516 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Is coffee consumption associated with a lower level of serum C-reactive protein? A meta-analysis of observational studies.
This study aims to examine the relationship between coffee consumption and the serum CRP level. A comprehensive literature search up to August 2017, using PUBMED, EMBASE and Web of Science databases, was conducted to identify the relevant observational studies that examined the association between coffee consumption and the serum CRP level. A total of nine cross-sectional studies were included in this meta-analysis. According to the combined standard mean difference (SMD) between the highest and the lowest coffee intake category, coffee consumption was associated with a lower level of serum CRP level (SMD = -...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 8, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Relationship between plasma trans-fatty acid isomer concentrations and self-reported cardiovascular disease risk in US adults.
Authors: Zhang Q, Yang Y, Hu M, Li H, Zhong Q, Huang F Abstract The effect of different individual TFA isomers on cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been a limited study, especially for stroke. We aimed to investigate the relationships between four major plasma TFA isomer (elaidic, vaccenic, palmitelaidic and linolelaidic acid) concentrations and the risk of CVD, stroke and non-stroke CVD. A cross-sectional study was conducted, utilising a nationally representative sample of US adults in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Among the 3504 participants, 304 participants self-reported CVD history. The ...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Claimed effects, outcome variables and methods of measurement for health claims on foods related to the gastrointestinal tract proposed under regulation (EC) 1924/2006.
Authors: Biasini B, Marchi L, Angelino D, Bedogni G, Zavaroni I, Pruneti C, Galli D, Mirandola P, Vitale M, Dei Cas A, Bonadonna RC, Passeri G, Ventura M, Del Rio D, Martini D Abstract Most of the requests of authorisation to the use of health claims pursuant to Regulation EC 1924/2006 related to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract have received a negative opinion by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), mainly because of an insufficient substantiation of the claimed effect (CE). The present manuscript refers to the collection, collation and critical analysis of outcome variables (OVs) and methods of measurement (...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Analysis of the reduction of trans-fatty-acid levels in the foods of Argentina.
Authors: Kakisu E, Tomchinsky E, Victoria Lipps M, Fuentes J Abstract Adverse health effects found to be caused by the industrial trans fatty acids (TFAs) encouraged significant changes in the food supply. A working model was implemented based on a multisectoral approach to monitor progress in the reduction of TFAs in compliance with Argentine food regulations. We analysed the fatty-acid profiles of commercial foods over the entire country comparing the results before and after the deadline for the compliance. A 93% adherence in the foods was obtained after the finalisation of the deadline for the compliance with t...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of cereal bar containing polydextrose on subjective feelings of appetite and energy intake in overweight adults over 15 d.
Authors: Martinelli M, Hick E, Walz F, Drago SR Abstract The effects of 15 d polydextrose (16.7 g) consumption on energy intake (EI) and appetite feelings were investigated. Overweight adults consumed a polydextrose-bar or a control-bar matched in energy content as a midmorning snack for 15 consecutive days in a single-blind, randomised, crossover design. The two 15-d intervention periods were separated by a 15-d washout period. On the day 1 and the day 15 of each intervention period, energy intake (primary outcome) and appetite feelings (secondary outcome) were assessed. There were not significant ma...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The Mediterranean Diet: its definition and evaluation of a priori dietary indexes in primary cardiovascular prevention.
Authors: D'Alessandro A, De Pergola G Abstract We have analysed the definition of Mediterranean Diet in 28 studies included in six meta-analyses evaluating the relation between the Mediterranean Diet and primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Some typical food of this dietary pattern like whole cereals, olive oil and red wine were taken into account only in a few a priori indexes, and the dietary pattern defined as Mediterranean showed many differences among the studies and compared to traditional Mediterranean Diet of the early 1960s. Altogether, the analysed studies show a protective effect of the Mediterr...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

In vitro fermentation of gum acacia - impact on the faecal microbiota.
Authors: Alarifi S, Bell A, Walton G Abstract Interest in the consumption of gum acacia (GA) has been associated with beneficial health effects, which may be mediated in part by prebiotic activity. Two doses of GA and fructooligosaccharide (FOS) (1 and 2%) were tested for their efficacy over 48 h in pH- and temperature-controlled anaerobic batch cultures inoculated with human faeces. Samples were taken after 0, 5, 10, 24 and 48 h of fermentation. The selective effects of GA (increases in Bifidobacterium spp. and Lactobacillus spp.) were similar to those of the known prebiotic FOS. The 1% dose of subst...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The effects of fermented milk containing Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris FC on defaecation in healthy young Japanese women: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
The objective of this double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to elucidate the effects of fermented milk containing Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris FC (FC) on defaecation in healthy young women. We included 31 women (18-31 years old) who were randomly selected into two groups. Subjects in the test group consumed fermented milk containing FC, while subjects in the placebo group consumed non-fermented gelled milk. In the test group, defaecation frequency (both in days and times per week) and stool volume significantly increased during the consumption of fermented milk containing FC compared with before consumpti...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Alpha-amylase, α-glucosidase and lipase inhibiting activities of polyphenol-rich extracts from six common bean cultivars of Southern Italy, before and after cooking.
Alpha-amylase, α-glucosidase and lipase inhibiting activities of polyphenol-rich extracts from six common bean cultivars of Southern Italy, before and after cooking. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2018 Jan 16;:1-11 Authors: Ombra MN, d'Acierno A, Nazzaro F, Spigno P, Riccardi R, Zaccardelli M, Pane C, Coppola R, Fratianni F Abstract Common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) are a good source of nutrients and phenolic compounds with versatile health benefits. Polyphenol-rich extracts of six ecotypes of P. vulgaris were analysed to determine their phenolic profiles and assayed in vitro for inhibitory effects on dige...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Teratogenic potential of nanoencapsulated vitamin A evaluated on an alternative model organism, the tunicate Ciona intestinalis.
This study aims to compare teratogenic effects caused by exposure to the traditional formulation of vit A versus nano-encapsulated vit A. We used ascidian embryos as an alternative model. Ascidians are marine organisms closely related to vertebrates that share with them a body plan and developmental programme, including the morphogenetic role of retinoic acid (RA). Our data showed that the adverse effects of exposure to the same concentration of the two formulations were different, suggesting that the nano-encapsulation increased the bioavailability of the molecule, which could be better absorbed and metabolised to RA, the...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

The effect of lycopene on cytochrome P450 isoenzymes and P-glycoprotein by using human liver microsomes and Caco-2 cell monolayer model.
In conclusion, there should be required attention when lycopene are coadministered with other drugs that are metabolised by CYP2E1. PMID: 29322841 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 14, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Acute effect of coffee on aortic stiffness and wave reflections in healthy individuals: differential effect according to habitual consumption.
Authors: Ioakeimidis N, Tzifos V, Vlachopoulos C, Terentes-Printzios D, Georgakopoulos C, Tousoulis D Abstract The acute effect of coffee on arterial stiffness and its dependence on habitual consumption was studied in 24 volunteers on four separate occasions during which subjects received: (a) coffee espresso, (b) decaffeinated coffee espresso, (c) caffeine alone and (d) placebo (hot water). The increase in carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AIx) and augmented pressure (AP) of the aortic pressure waveform after coffee consumption was more pronounced in non-habitual (n = 13)...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - January 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research