Mindfulness moderates the relationship between emotional eating and body mass index in a sample of people with cystic fibrosis.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to develop healthy and effective means of enhancing calorific intake, where this is indicated, adapting mindful eating principles to focus on increasing both self-regulation and pleasure in eating while reducing emotional eating may be one means of doing this. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study. PMID: 32737812 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 31, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Egan H, Keyte R, Nash EF, Barrett J, Regan A, Mantzios M Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Emotional intelligence and eating disorders: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: The systematic review suggests promising but challenging preliminary evidence of the associations between EI and the dimensions of ED across diverse stages of development. In addition, future research, practical implications and limitations are discussed. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE I: Systematic review. PMID: 32734465 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 31, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Romero-Mesa J, Peláez-Fernández MA, Extremera N Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Orthorexic tendencies in the general population: association with demographic data, psychiatric symptoms, and utilization of mental health services.
Abstract PURPOSE: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is characterized by a preoccupation to eat healthily and restrictive eating habits despite negative psychosocial and physical consequences. As a relatively new construct, its prevalence and correlates in the general population and the associated utilization of mental health services are unclear. METHODS: Adults from the general population completed the Düsseldorf Orthorexia Scale (DOS), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ), the Short Eating Disorder Examination (SEED). RESULTS: Five-hundred eleven (63.4% female) participants with a mean age of 43.39 (SD&th...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 29, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Greetfeld M, Hessler-Kaufmann JB, Brandl B, Skurk T, Holzapfel C, Quadflieg N, Schlegl S, Hauner H, Voderholzer U Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Examining the construct validity of food addiction severity specifiers.
Abstract PURPOSE: Food addiction (FA) is related to greater body mass index (BMI), eating-disorder psychopathology, food craving, and psychosocial impairment. Less is known regarding the utility of the FA severity specifiers, as measured by the number of symptoms endorsed on the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS 2.0). METHODS: Participants (N = 1854) were recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk to complete an online survey on eating behaviors. Participants completed self-report measures assessing FA, eating-disorder psychopathology (Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire), and food craving (Food ...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 28, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Wiedemann AA, Carr MM, Ivezaj V, Barnes RD Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Restrictive eating disorders in children and adolescents: a comparison between clinical and psychopathological profiles.
CONCLUSIONS: Different ED profiles was found for the three groups, but they share the same general psychopathological vulnerability, which could be at the core of EDs in adolescence. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III. Evidence obtained from case-control analytic studies. PMID: 32720247 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 27, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Zanna V, Criscuolo M, Mereu A, Cinelli G, Marchetto C, Pasqualetti P, Tozzi AE, Castiglioni MC, Chianello I, Vicari S Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

A case report of a male patient receiving treatment for anorexia nervosa and comorbid obsessive compulsive disorder who was later diagnosed with nontuberculosis Mycobacterium.
Abstract Cases of nontuberculous Mycobacterium (NTM) are on the rise across North America. This is the first clinical description of a 31-year old male patient in North America with Mycobacterium kansasii who met DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa (AN) and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and who was engaged in specialized outpatient treatment of an eating disorder. The patient did not disclose at intake assessment that he was experiencing symptoms of a persistent cough, blood in his sputum, or that he was simultaneously being assessed outside of the eating disorders program for NTM until he had a ...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 24, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: MacNeil BA, Hudson CC, Nadkarni P, Dempsey K Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

COVID-19 and Hartnup disease: an affair of intestinal amino acid malabsorption.
Abstract Since the outbreak of COVID-19, clinicians have tried every effort to fight the disease, and multiple drugs have been proposed. However, no proven effective therapies currently exist, and different clinical phenotypes complicate the situation. In clinical practice, many severe or critically ill COVID-19 patients developed gastrointestinal (GI) disturbances, including vomiting, diarrhoea, or abdominal pain, even in the absence of cough and dyspnea. Understanding the mechanism of GI disturbances is warranted for exploring better clinical care for COVID-19 patients. With evidence collected from clinical stud...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 20, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Nisoli E, Cinti S, Valerio A Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

The effect of cognitive symptoms in binge eating disorder on depression and self-esteem: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: The study results showed elevation in cognitive factors in patients with BED compared to the controls. Among these variables, eating and weight concern were shown to be associated with depressive symptoms, while eating concern was linked to self-esteem. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, case-control analytic study. PMID: 32691335 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 20, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Özdin S, Karabekiroğlu A, Özbalcı GS, Aker AA Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Rationale and development of a manualised dietetic intervention for adults undergoing psychological treatment for an eating disorder.
CONCLUSION: This paper is intended as a resource for clinicians and researchers in the conduct of future studies examining dietetic treatment for patients with an ED. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, description of a new manualised, reproducible dietetic intervention. PMID: 32686057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 19, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: McMaster CM, Wade T, Basten C, Franklin J, Ross J, Hart S Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Validity of the Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children (YFAS-C): Classical test theory and item response theory of the Persian YFAS-C.
CONCLUSION: The Persian YFAS-C is a valid instrument that assists healthcare providers in assessing food addiction among Iranian adolescents. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study. PMID: 32676845 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 16, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lin CY, Imani V, Griffiths MD, Pakpour AH Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Poor kidney graft survival in anorexia nervosa patients.
eau K Abstract BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa is a condition associated with poor outcomes in a variety of circumstances such as recurrence of eating disorders, psychiatric disorders, and organ damage. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we first sought to determine the 5-year kidney graft survival in patients with anorexia nervosa and then to evaluate the BMI course and medical complications. METHODS: In this multicenter, retrospective, case-control study, we analyzed the impact of anorexia nervosa on graft outcomes compared to transplant recipients with low or normal BMI. RESULTS: We enrolled 137 women...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 15, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Geneviève M, Sartorius A, Giral M, Janbon B, Merville P, Legendre C, Combe C, Moreau K Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Pathways to orthorexia nervosa: a case series discussion.
CONCLUSION: Past literature focused on differential diagnosis between ON and other psychiatric disorders. This is the first description of clinical cases in a real-life setting that started with different psychiatric disorders and later developed symptoms suggestive of ON. These cases have generated a new research question on the possibility that different psychiatric disorders may associate with a later onset of ON. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, descriptive study. PMID: 32666375 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 14, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Rania M, de Filippis R, Caroleo M, Carbone E, Aloi M, Bratman S, Segura-Garcia C Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Covid-19 and diabesity: when a pandemia cross another pandemia.
Abstract The Covid-19 epidemic is having a strong impact on the population with pre-existing chronic diseases. The collision between the Covid-19 pandemic and the current diabesity epidemic has highlighted that obese and diabetic patients have a worse prognosis due to the impairment of the immune response to infections and due to the mechanical limits that make the management of the hospitalized patients with severe obesity more difficult. The limitations imposed on accessibility to non-urgent care during the lockdown of "phase 1" of this pandemic have created the need to revolutionize clinical practice ...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 14, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Guarisco G, Leonetti F Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for morbid obesity and Klinefelter syndrome: clinical report on two patients, with long-term follow-up.
CONCLUSION: In patients with KS, LSG demonstrated long-term beneficial effects for weight loss and amelioration of comorbidities. An interdisciplinary approach is mandatory, since it leads to adherence to follow-up programs and mental health well-being. PMID: 32654003 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 11, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Bianciardi E, Orsaria P, Niolu C, Siracusano A, Gentileschi P Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

The association between Healthy Beverage Index and anthropometric measures among children: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: The HBI among children was associated with higher odds of wasting and underweight/wasting. In addition, high-fat milk consumption decreased the odds of wasting among children. Further prospective studies need to confirm these results. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, descriptive cross-sectional study. PMID: 32651771 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 10, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jalilpiran Y, Mozaffari H, Askari M, Jafari A, Azadbakht L Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Factors associated with readmission in patients with eating disorders.
This study examined predictors of readmission to inpatient/residential settings in patients with eating disorders. We hypothesized that readmitted patients would report worse transitional care and continuity of care compared to those who were not readmitted. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, online survey of 80 individuals from the US who reported that they were diagnosed with an eating disorder requiring inpatient/residential treatment. Participants completed questionnaires on demographic and clinical characteristics, the Care Transition Model-15, and the Continuity of Care Questionnaire. We analyzed data usin...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 8, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Di Vitantonio KM, Chao AM Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

The effect of a single yoga class on interoceptive accuracy in patients affected by anorexia nervosa and in healthy controls: a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: We infer that our findings might be linked to the fact that patients with AN, differently from HC, did not properly attend to their bodies, despite the yoga class. This hypothesis is consistent with previous studies showing that patients with AN have decreased Iac during self-focused behavior because of body-related avoidance. Moreover, we surmise that HC might be keener to improve their perception of internal body signals even after a single yoga class because their emotional awareness system is not impaired. Patients with AN, on the contrary, may have an intrinsic impairment of their emotional awareness, maki...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Demartini B, Goeta D, Marchetti M, Bertelli S, Anselmetti S, Cocchi A, Ischia M, Gambini O Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Anti-fat attitudes and dietary restraint within mother-daughter dyads: an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) analysis.
This study examined the association between anti-fat attitudes (fear of fat, dislike of fat, willpower) and dietary restraint within the mother-daughter relationship. METHODS: Mother-adolescent daughter dyads (Npairs = 100) were recruited from a Midwestern community to participate in a study together. They completed self-report measures of anti-fat attitudes and eating behavior. Data were analyzed with an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM). RESULTS: Significant actor effects for mothers include fear of fat (b = 0.270, B = 0.319, p 
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - June 28, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Hart E, Tan CC, Chow CM Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Differences in severity of eating disorder symptoms between adults with depression and adults with anxiety.
We examined differences in severity of ED symptoms among adults with either, both, or neither depression and anxiety. METHODS: Volunteers (N = 3,780) to the project implicit mental health website ( https://implicit.harvard.edu/ ) self-reported their ED status (current ED: n = 374, past ED: n = 436; no ED: n = 2,970), their current depression/anxiety status, and their ED symptoms (using the Eating Attitudes Test). ANOVAs with post hoc comparisons were used to examine relationships between ED symptoms and comorbid depression/anxiety status among currently ill, reco...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - June 26, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Elran-Barak R, Goldschmidt AB Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Study of LEP, MRAP2 and POMC genes as potential causes of severe obesity in Brazilian patients.
CONCLUSION: Our study described for the first time the prevalence of rare potentially pathogenic MRAP2 and POMC variants in a cohort of Brazilian severely obese adults. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study. PMID: 32578125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - June 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: da Fonseca ACP, Abreu GM, Zembrzuski VM, Campos Junior M, Carneiro JRI, Nogueira Neto JF, Magno FCCM, Rosado EL, Bozza PT, de Cabello GMK, Cabello PH Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Correction to: Behavioral and psychological factors associated with suboptimal weight loss in post-bariatric surgery patients.
Abstract Unfortunately, the 5th author name has been incorrectly published in the original publication. PMID: 32578126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - June 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Geerts MM, van den Berg EM, van Riel L, Peen J, Goudriaan AE, Dekker JJM Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

The experience of orthorexia from the perspective of recovered orthorexics.
CONCLUSIONS: Orthorexia negatively impacted participants' physical, psychological, and social health. Additional research exploring valid and reliable screening instruments, body image, and psychological functioning would help to further understand this proposed disorder. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, qualitative interview study. PMID: 32578127 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - June 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: McGovern L, Gaffney M, Trimble T Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Health in adulthood after severe anorexia nervosa in adolescence: a study of exposed and unexposed women.
DISCUSSION: Women who had been hospitalized for severe AN reported more symptoms 10 years after treatment, implies psychological and somatic follow-up in the long term. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, case-control analytic study. PMID: 32572843 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - June 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Chapelon E, Barry C, Hubert T, Com-Ruelle L, Duclos J, Mattar L, Falissard B, Huas C, Godart N Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Construct validity of the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale among women high in eating disorder symptoms: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: The e-LEAS offers practical advantages over the LEAS in the assessment of emotional awareness among women endorsing eating disorder symptoms. Results suggest that the e-LEAS measures the ability to describe emotional experiences in oneself and others, but not facial affect recognition. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V: Evidence obtained from a cross-sectional descriptive study. PMID: 32564219 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - June 20, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Vander Wal JS, Soulliard ZA, Kauffman AA Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Twenty-five years later.
PMID: 32557378 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - June 17, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Cuzzolaro M Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

The prevalence and independent influencing factors of obesity and underweight in patients with schizophrenia: a multicentre cross-sectional study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the weight of patients with schizophrenia in China. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence, clinical characteristics and influencing factors of obesity and underweight in patients with chronic schizophrenia in China. METHODS: A total of 325 patients with schizophrenia and 172 sex- and age-matched healthy controls from the community were recruited. Socio-demographic data and laboratory measurements were collected for all subjects. Using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), we evaluated the psychiatric symptoms of patie...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - June 17, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Wang J, Zhang Y, Yang Y, Liu Z, Xia L, Li W, Li Z, Xie X, Deng W, Zhang K, Liu H Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

The relationship between childhood maltreatment and problematic eating behaviors in bariatric surgery candidates.
CONCLUSION: Our findings showed that the dynamics of problematic eating behaviors may differ depending on the type of childhood trauma. Psychiatric evaluation of bariatric surgery patients is important in understanding the relationship between childhood maltreatment and problematic eating behaviors. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study. PMID: 32535799 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - June 13, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Akduman I, Sevincer GM, Bozkurt S, Kandeger A Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Some thoughts from the new editors.
PMID: 32524383 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - June 10, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Donini LM, Abbate-Daga G Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Rapid response is predictive of treatment outcomes in a transdiagnostic intensive outpatient eating disorder sample: a replication of prior research in a real-world setting.
CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with findings in more controlled treatment settings, RR remains a robust predictor of outcome for patients receiving IOP-level treatment for EDs. Future work should evaluate factors that mediate and moderate RR, incorporating these findings into ED treatment design and implementation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, uncontrolled intervention. PMID: 32507929 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - June 7, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Walker DC, Donahue JM, Heiss S, Gorrell S, Anderson LM, Brooks JM, Ehrlich EP, Morison JN, Anderson DA Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Eating disorders and obesity (ED & O) in the COVID-19 storm.
Eating disorders and obesity (ED&O) in the COVID-19 storm. Eat Weight Disord. 2020 Jun 01;: Authors: Todisco P, Donini LM PMID: 32488728 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - June 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Todisco P, Donini LM Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Psychometric evaluation of the Drive for Muscularity Scale among weightlifters in Jamaica.
CONCLUSION: The DMS showed to be a valid instrument to evaluate the drive for muscularity in Jamaican weightlifters and has utility in informing further research, diagnosis and treatment of body image-related pathologies. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study. PMID: 32488729 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - June 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Ricketts C, Compte EJ, James Bateman C, Bateman A Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Cognitive disinhibition and infrequent moderate-to-intense physical activity linked with obesity in U.S. soldiers.
CONCLUSIONS: Obesity was associated with less frequent moderate/intense physical activity and compromised executive functioning, namely decrements in response inhibition. Given the design and sample size, additional research is needed to better understand the direction of the relationship between these variables and to inform research related to the treatment and prevention of obesity within military populations. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, case-control analytic study. PMID: 32476104 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 31, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Hanson JA, Wagner G, Dretsch M Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Behavioral and psychological factors associated with suboptimal weight loss in post-bariatric surgery patients.
Abstract PURPOSE: Bariatric surgery is the most effective long-term treatment for sustained weight loss in obesity. Studies have shown that not all patients lose the expected amount of weight. The aim of this study was to develop a better understanding of which behavioral and psychological factors are associated with suboptimal weight loss. METHODS: The present paper describes a cross-sectional study that included 140 participants. The mean follow-up period after bariatric surgery was 3.16 years. Eating disorder pathology (Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire), impulsivity (Barratt Impulsiveness sca...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 29, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Geerts MM, van den Berg EM, van Riel L, Peen J, Goudriaan JE, Dekker JJM Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Mother-daughter negative body talk as a moderator between body surveillance and body shame in adolescent girls.
CONCLUSION: The findings highlight the need for clinicians to address mothers' own surveillance and body shame, as well as negative body talk between mothers and daughters, in interventions that seek to reduce the impact of objectification on body shame in adolescents. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study. PMID: 32468566 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 28, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Domoff SE, Tan CC, Chow CM Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Psychological characteristics of patients seeking bariatric treatment versus those seeking medical treatment for obesity: is bariatric surgery a last best hope?
CONCLUSIONS: We found few differences in psychological characteristics between groups. The lower level of hopelessness in the BS group might be seen as a form of protection leading up to surgery but may result from the patient's view of BS as their "last best hope". Further studies are needed to understand the evolution of these psychological characteristics after surgery and their possible effects on postoperative outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, case-control analytic studies. PMID: 32468567 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 28, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Gaudrat B, Andrieux S, Florent V, Rousseau A Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Towards a sociocultural model of weight stigma.
CONCLUSION: These results extend limited prior research examining the association between the thin-ideal and appearance-related comparisons with weight stigma, and contribute to a more nuanced understanding of this complex phenomenon. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, cross-sectional study. PMID: 32462360 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 27, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Nutter S, Russell-Mayhew S, Saunders JF Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Parents accurately perceive problematic eating behaviors but overestimate physical activity levels in preschool children.
Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to examine the associations between parents' perceptions of their child's physical activity and eating behaviors to actual physical activity, body mass index percentage (BMI%), and body fat percentage (BF%). A secondary aim is to examine additional parental determinants to child's physical activity. METHODS: Participants were preschool children (N = 114, 59 females, Mage= 4.06) from three University-sponsored centers and parents (N = 114, 107 mothers). Parents self-reported physical activity, perceptions of child's physical activity...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 27, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Scott-Andrews KQ, Wengrovius C, Robinson LE Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Obesity surgery and eating and weight disorders: a new topical collection of EWD.
PMID: 32458334 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 26, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Silecchia G Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Does weight change relate to psychological variables and eating behaviours in combat sports?
CONCLUSION: To prevent or reduce disordered eating behaviours, it is important to promote adequate strategies to deal with weight changes before a competition and, consequently, positive emotions among sports combat athletes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, case-control analytic study. PMID: 32451948 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Gonçalves S, Ribeiro A, Félix S, Gomes AR Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Obesity treatment within the Italian national healthcare system tertiary care centers: what can we learn?
CONCLUSION: Obtaining a clear picture of the situation and providing consistent care across the country is a challenging task due to the decentralized organization of regions. We provide a first sketch, reporting that the model is applied unevenly, and we suggest feasible actions to improve the situation in our country and elsewhere. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, narrative review. PMID: 32451949 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Watanabe M, Risi R, De Giorgi F, Tuccinardi D, Mariani S, Basciani S, Lubrano C, Lenzi A, Gnessi L Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Long-term effectiveness of web-based cognitive behavioral therapy for patients with eating disorders.
CONCLUSION: This study showed long-term sustainability of treatment effects up to 1-year post-treatment of a web-based therapist-delivered CBT for patients with various ED. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, evidence obtained from multiple time series analysis, with intervention. UNIQUE CLINICAL TRIAL NUMBER: NTR2415-Dutch Trial Registry (http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=2415). PMID: 32449152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 24, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Ter Huurne ED, de Haan HA, Postel MG, DeJong CAJ, VanDerNagel JEL, van der Palen J Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Does ORTO-15 produce valid data for 'Orthorexia Nervosa'? A mixed-method examination of participants' interpretations of the fifteen test items.
CONCLUSION: Even though in the majority of cases there were no issues with completing ORTO-15, thematic analysis revealed several discrepancies between our participants' perceptions of the ORTO-15 items and the previously proposed diagnostic criteria for ON. The results suggest that ORTO-15 is, at best, a mediocre screening tool for ON, which is sensitive to diet but fails to have sufficient level of specificity to detect the pathological stage. More accurate instruments are needed to further research on ON. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: V (cross-sectional descriptive study with qualitative analysis). PMID: 32445114 [PubMed...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 22, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Mitrofanova E, Pummell E, Martinelli L, Petróczi A Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Trait mindfulness differentiates the interest in healthy diet from orthorexia nervosa.
CONCLUSION: Taken together, these results confirm previous research showing that mindfulness encourages eating healthy and may protect against eating-related pathologies. Result also support the notion that orthorexia has two dimensions, healthy and nervosa, which are differently related to psychological factors, herein mindfulness. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, cohort study. PMID: 32445115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 22, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Strahler J Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

From the patients' perspective: what it is like to suffer from eating disorders.
Abstract The available treatments of Eating Disorders (EDs) mirror an excessive focus on symptoms to be eliminated rather than on the acknowledgment of what is relevant from the patient's perspective. This Editorial offers a critical review of the limitations of the DSM-5-oriented approaches, as well as of their extreme consequences, namely ocularcentrism, nosographism, and paternalistic moralism. To overcome these limitations, it is suggested to get back to Psychopathology as the basic science of psychiatric practice whose aim is to grasp the distinctly personal dimension of the patient's experience and to connec...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 21, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Stanghellini G, Daga GA, Ricca V Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Introducing ORTO-R: a revision of ORTO-15 : Based on the re-assessment of original data.
CONCLUSION: In the current paper, we present a refined measure of orthorexia nervosa-the ORTO-R. It is based on a frequently used ORTO-15, overcoming its main limitations. We strongly believe that the current work will act as a bridge, linking past with the future research, and that alongside a new measure, the field of research on orthorexia nervosa will move forward. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, descriptive study. PMID: 32436165 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 20, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Rogoza R, Donini LM Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Obituary.
PMID: 32436166 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 20, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Bosello O, Cuzzolaro M Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Development and validation of Croatian version of Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire in community sample.
CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to show satisfactory psychometric properties of the Croatian version of the EDE-Q with minor modifications of the original questionnaire. The Croatian translation and validation of the EDE-Q enables researchers and clinicians in Croatia to employ the most widely and commonly used instrument for the assessment of core ED features. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Descriptive cross-sectional study, Level V. PMID: 32430884 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 19, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Prnjak K, Jukic I Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Validity and accuracy of body fat prediction equations using anthropometrics measurements in adolescents.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The pediatric relative fat mass (RFM) has been recently presented and validated as an index for estimating percentage body fat (%BF) in North American children and adolescents. Similar to body mass index (BMI) and tri-ponderal mass index (TMI), RFM uses anthropometric measures (i.e., weight, height and waist circumference) to estimate body composition. The primary purpose of this study was to validate the newly developed RFM equation for %BF prediction in Southern Brazilian adolescents; as secondary objective, we compared %BF estimation from BMI- and TMI-derived equations. METHODS: A tota...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 19, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Ripka WL, Orsso CE, Haqq AM, Prado CM, Ulbricht L, Leite N Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Impulsive behaviors and clinical outcomes following a flexible intensive inpatient treatment for eating disorders: findings from an observational study.
Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the differences between impulsive and non-impulsive patients in response to a multidisciplinary intensive inpatient treatment for eating disorders (EDs). METHODS: 320 patients with EDs were consecutively recruited in an eating disorders unit (EDU). They were assessed by clinical interviews and self-reported questionnaires. The treatment was characterized by a patient-centric approach and included both an intensive and comprehensive standardized multidisciplinary program based on cognitive-behavioral therapy and a flexible and personalized component accordin...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 19, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Todisco P, Meneguzzo P, Garolla A, Antoniades A, Vogazianos P, Tozzi F Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Positive and negative emotions predict weight loss intentions and behaviors beyond theory of planned behavior constructs.
Abstract PURPOSE: The current study examined the predictive utility of emotional valence (i.e., positive and negative emotions) on weight loss intentions and behaviors, beyond theory of planned behavior constructs (i.e., attitude, subjective norm, and perceived control), among a community sample of people who were overweight (BMI > 25 kg/m2). METHODS: Participants were recruited for a longitudinal study via an online panel. They completed a baseline survey (N = 732) and a follow-up survey 6 months later (N = 526), both administered online. The surveys inc...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - May 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Richards DK, Fetterman AK, Krebs MC, Neugebauer J, Ray DG, Sassenberg K Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research