Bulimia symptoms in Czech youth: prevalence and association with internalizing problems.
This study aimed to evaluate the gender-specific prevalence of bulimia symptoms in Czech youth and explored the association between a clinical level of self-reported bulimia symptoms (CLBS) and internalizing problems by gender, controlling for age, socio-economic status and puberty status. METHOD: The study was conducted on a representative national sample of Czech youth (N = 4430, 57.0% female) using self-report scales. Multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) was used to examine the associations. RESULTS: The 3-month CLBS prevalence was higher in girls (11.4%) than in boys (3.8%) and in both ...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - October 16, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Larsen A, Lilja M, Sturidsson K, Blatny M, Hrdlicka M, Stickley A, Ruchkin V Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Emotion regulation difficulties and dietary restraint independently predict binge eating among men.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that negative emotions themselves do not lead to binge eating, but manifest through emotion regulation difficulties and dietary restraint. The results indicate that emotion regulation and restraint play a role in precipitating binge eating among men. However, the emotion regulation and restraint pathways seem to operate independently from one another. Our study also supports the differentiation of overeating and binge eating, as these seem to have different etiologies. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study. PMID: 31621002 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (S...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - October 16, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Kukk K, Akkermann K Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Differences in eating disorder symptoms and affect regulation for residential eating disorder patients with problematic substance use.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that residential ED treatment is an appropriate treatment choice for individuals with comorbid SUD. The observed improvements in affect dysregulation combined with a period of forced abstinence from maladaptive affect regulation behaviors may explain these positive results, though more research is needed to test the mechanisms of action of residential treatment for this population. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV, multiple time series analysis. PMID: 31612371 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - October 14, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Michael ML, Juarascio A Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

'Shopping for a new body': descriptions of bariatric post-operative adjustment.
CONCLUSION: This study presents an opportunity to gain perspective on the physical and psychosocial adjustment after bariatric surgery. The information can be used to guide pre-op and post-op education and counseling efforts for patients. Physical healing should be paired with healthy psychological adjustment to ensure a positive outcome. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, descriptive analysis of previous Level III research. PMID: 31612372 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - October 14, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Perdue TO, Neil JA Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Weight Locus of Control Scale (MWLCS): study with Spanish individuals of different anthropometric nutritional status.
R, de Mott MF, Díaz González BV, Corbella E, Yañez A, Baños R Abstract INTRODUCTION: The Multidimensional Weight Locus of Control Scale (MWLCS) measures a person's beliefs regarding the locus of control or lack of locus of control over his/her body weight. PURPOSE: We aim to evaluate the factorial structure and psychometric properties of the MWLCS with Spanish normal weight, overweight and obese samples. METHODS: The research was carried out in two different studies. The first included a sample of 140 normal weight participants, selected out of a 274 sample recruited...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - October 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Cebolla A, Botella C, Galiana L, Fernández-Aranda F, Toledo E, Corella D, Salas-Salvadó J, Fitó M, Romaguera D, Wärnberg J, Serra-Majem LL, Pintó X, Buil-Cosiales P, Sorlí JV, Díaz-López A, De la Torre R, de Mott MF, Díaz González BV, Corbella E Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Stereotactic surgery on a female patient with severe chronic anorexia nervosa: 10-year follow-up.
We present the case of a female patient with severe chronic restrictive anorexia nervosa resistant to psychomedical treatment. During the 31 years the illness evolved, the patient required multiple hospital admissions. With a body mass index (BMI) of 12.8 kg/m2 and consequent risk of death, stereotactic cingulotomy was performed comprising bilateral blocking of the anterior cingulate cortex by stereotactic radiofrequency thermocoagulation, confirmed by tractography 5 years later. After 10 years of follow-up, the patient is clinically stable with an increased BMI and improved neuropsychological indicator...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - October 8, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Guerrero Alzola F, Casas Rivero J, Martínez-Álvarez R Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Examining the role of body esteem and sensation seeking in drunkorexia behaviors.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that both elevated SS and lowered BE are associated with drunkorexia engagement. Implications for practice are discussed. Drunkorexia is a complex and multifaceted behavior pattern; therefore, further research is needed in this area of study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V (descriptive study). PMID: 31587177 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - October 5, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Hill EM, Lego JE Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

With age comes responsibility: changes in stigma for boys/men with bulimia nervosa.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings highlight the developmental component of the stigma as it pertains to the boy/man but suggest the associative stigma for the parents might not change over time, suggesting multiple avenues for research and stigma reduction efforts as they apply to boys/men. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level I: Evidence obtained from: at least one properly designed randomized controlled trials; systematic reviews and meta-analyses; experimental studies. PMID: 31583603 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - October 3, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Vaughn AA, Lowe JD Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Assessment of depressive symptoms, self-esteem, and eating psychopathology after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy: 1-year follow-up and comparison with healthy controls.
CONCLUSION: Depressive symptoms, self-esteem, and eating psychopathology showed an improving trend in patients after LSG. However, some aspects of eating psychopathology worsened despite an initial improvement. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III, prospective cohort and case-control study. PMID: 31576497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - October 1, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Çalışır S, Çalışır A, Arslan M, İnanlı İ, Çalışkan AM, Eren İ Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Bulimic symptoms in a sample of college women: disentangling the roles of body size, body shame and negative urgency.
CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that those college women higher in both BMI and negative urgency are likely to experience higher levels of bulimic symptoms. These women may benefit from emotion regulation interventions targeted at preventing, as well as coping effectively with, the experience of body shame. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: V: cross-sectional descriptive study. PMID: 31555972 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - September 25, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Dalley SE, Bron GG, Hagl IFA, Heseding F, Hoppe S, Wit L Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Is mini-nutritional assessment a reliable tool in detecting malnutrition in elderly with body weight excess?
Abstract PURPOSE: The rising proportion of elderly population in high-income societies has resulted in increasing number of subjects with chronic disabling diseases and nutritional deficiency. Elderly's nutritional status is usually assessed through the mini-nutritional assessment (MNA®). However, its effectiveness may be influenced by weight excess or obesity. We tested the performance of MNA® questionnaire in subjects aged ≥ 65 years from Northern Sardinia, Italy, according to overweight/obesity, and we tried to identify the factors associated with malnutrition. METHODS: A modi...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - September 23, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Pes GM, Loriga S, Errigo A, Tedde P, Dore MP Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

A 1-day acceptance and commitment therapy workshop leads to reductions in emotional eating in adults.
r B Abstract PURPOSE: Emotional eating has been defined as the tendency to overeat in response to negative emotions and is a symptom of emotion dysregulation. Interventions for emotional eating have been developed based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). However, these interventions only address emotional eating in the context of weight loss programs and are therefore not available in a weight neutral context. METHODS: The present study aimed to test the feasibility and acceptability of a 1-day ACT workshop that taught skills to reduce emotional eating, without promoting weight loss. The workshop was...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - September 20, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Frayn M, Khanyari S, Knäuper B Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Obesity-related knowledge and body mass index: a national survey in Portugal.
CONCLUSIONS: Obesity-related knowledge gaps (prevalence, calories, and diagnosis) were identified among Portuguese adults. Moreover, correct knowledge does not necessarily translate into a healthier BMI. Besides the dissemination of accurate information, public health interventions should focus on the transfer of knowledge to behaviors that will guarantee better weight management. EVIDENCE-BASED MEDICINE RANKINGS: Level V: Opinions of respected authorities, based on descriptive studies, narrative reviews, clinical experience, or reports of expert committees. PMID: 31541427 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Sou...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - September 20, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Henriques A, Azevedo A, Lunet N, Moura-Ferreira P, do Carmo I, Silva S Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Traits of orthorexia nervosa and muscle dysmorphia in Italian university students: a multicentre study.
This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of traits of orthorexia nervosa (ON) and muscle dysmorphia (MD) in a group of undergraduates, investigate the associations between the risk of these conditions and the type of university course attended, the individual characteristics (gender, BMI, amount of physical activity, supplements and medicines use, dieting) and the risk of eating disorders (EDs). METHODS: A self-reported questionnaire consisting of a socio-demographic section and three tests validated for the evaluation of a risk of ON (ORTO-15), MD (MDDI-ITA) and EDs (EAT-26) was completed by 918 students from thre...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - September 17, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Gorrasi ISR, Bonetta S, Roppolo M, Abbate Daga G, Bo S, Tagliabue A, Ferraris C, Guglielmetti M, Arpesella M, Gaeta M, Gallé F, Di Onofrio V, Liguori F, Liguori G, Gilli G, Carraro E Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Intensive weight gain therapy in patients with anorexia nervosa results in improved serum tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) 5a and 5b isoform protein levels.
on G Abstract AIM: Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) exists as isoforms 5a and 5b. TRAP 5a is a biomarker of chronic inflammation and influences adipose tissue and 5b associates with bone metabolism/pathologies. The aim was to investigate the association of serum TRAP 5a/5b isoforms with fat and bone markers and anthropometric parameters in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) during weight gain therapy. METHODS: Twenty-five Swedish female AN patients, age 16-24 years, were treated for 12 weeks with a high-energy diet with six meals daily. Serum TRAP 5a/5b, markers of fat/glucose metabolism,...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - September 17, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Patlaka C, Tubic B, Lång P, Paulie S, Swolin-Eide D, Magnusson P, Andersson G Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Pellagra and anorexia nervosa: a case report.
CONCLUSIONS: In our case, the patient did not exhibit any sign of being severely underweight with marked malnutrition such as the typical manifestation expected in pellagra. This case demonstrated that clinicians should have a high level of suspicion in making a diagnosis of pellagra, especially in patients with a history of eating disorders. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV (case study). PMID: 31531763 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - September 17, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Portale S, Sculati M, Stanford FC, Cena H Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Effects of a healthy Nordic diet on weight loss in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials.
CONCLUSION: Adherence to the ND significantly improves body weight; however, there is also no certainty that this diet is effective for improving other anthropometric indices. Future studies regarding the effect of the ND on weight and body composition in populations other than Nordic populations are highly recommended. Level of evidence Level I, systematic reviews and meta-analyses. PMID: 31522379 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - September 14, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Ramezani-Jolfaie N, Mohammadi M, Salehi-Abargouei A Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Sounds unrealistic: an adolescent girl with anorexia nervosa consumes 19  L of fluid in a few hours: what happens to the physiology?
CONCLUSION: A thorough clinical assessment of hydration and drinking behaviors as well as eating behaviors is essential for patients with EDs to avoid serious medical complications with high mortality and morbidity during follow-up. It is interesting that this amount of fluid consumption in such a short period of time did not present to the clinic with vomiting, gastric dilatation or bowel irrigation symptoms in a case with acute food refusal and restriction for a year, instead absorbed very quickly causing acute and severe symptomatic hyponatremia with generalized seizures. PMID: 31522380 [PubMed - as supplied by pub...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - September 14, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Oden Akman A, Cak HT, Pehlivantürk-Kızılkan M, Balik Z, Akbulut O, Kanbur N Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Behavioural and psychological pretreatment predictors of short- and long-term weight loss among women with overweight and obesity.
CONCLUSIONS: Previous weight loss attempts were identified as the most efficient pretreatment predictor of 12-month weight loss. Eating disinhibition, weight-related quality of life, self-esteem, weight loss expectations, exercise self-efficacy, and weight locus of control seem to be key factors for long-term success. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level I, randomized controlled trial. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00513084. PMID: 31520301 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - September 13, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jorge R, Santos I, Tomás R, Silva MN, Carraça EV, Teixeira VH, Teixeira PJ Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Obesity and hormonal contraception: an overview and a clinician's practical guide.
CONCLUSION: Long-acting reversible contraceptives [progestin-only implants, levonorgestrel-intra-uterine devices (IUDs) and copper IUDs] and progestin-only methods in general are excellent options for many categories of patients, including obese ones. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: V, narrative review. PMID: 31515745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - September 12, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Cipriani S, Todisco T, Scavello I, Di Stasi V, Maseroli E, Vignozzi L Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Demographic characteristics, nutritional behaviors, and orthorexic tendencies of women with breast cancer: a case-control study.
CONCLUSION: The higher orthorexia risk of cancer patients has implications for these patients that could be improved through nutritional counseling. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III, case-control study. PMID: 31512190 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - September 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Aslan H, Aktürk Ü Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

What do young women with obesity want from a weight management program?
CONCLUSION: Knowledge of program features which resonate with young women facilitates development of innovative ways to engage and support evidence-based weight management in this vulnerable group. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: V. PMID: 31473985 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - August 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Crino ND, Parker HM, Gifford JA, Lau KYK, Greenfield EM, Donges CE, O'Dwyer NJ, Steinbeck KS, O'Connor HT Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Hunger and satiety perception in patients with severe anorexia nervosa.
CONCLUSION: Hospitalized patients with severe AN exhibit strikingly weak changes in hunger and satiety perception during standardized and supervised meals. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, evidence obtained from multiple time series analysis. PMID: 31473986 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - August 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Klastrup C, Frølich J, Winkler LA, Støving RK Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Emotion regulation, emotion recognition, and empathy in adolescents with anorexia nervosa.
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the results, it seems that emotion regulation and alexithymia may play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of AN. Accordingly, it is necessary to focus on the improvement of these skills during the treatment of AN. Furthermore, interventions promoting these skills during adolescence may be preventive. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, case-control study. PMID: 31473987 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - August 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Nalbant K, Kalaycı BM, Akdemir D, Akgül S, Kanbur N Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Emotion and overeating behavior: effects of alexithymia and emotional regulation on overweight and obesity.
CONCLUSIONS: The condition of overweight/obesity seems to be associated with higher emotional dysregulation compared to normal weight condition. It is essential to study this relationship because it could represent a risk factor for the worsening of problems related to overeating and excessive body weight. These findings suggest that an integrated approach aimed at considering the promotion of emotional regulation could contribute to the effectiveness of a program designed to reduce overweight and obesity. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III: case-control analytic study. PMID: 31473988 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - August 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Casagrande M, Boncompagni I, Forte G, Guarino A, Favieri F Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

"Making weight" during military service is related to binge eating and eating pathology for veterans later in life.
CONCLUSIONS: One-third of veterans who were overweight/obese screened positive for engaging in making weight behaviors during military service. Findings provide evidence that efforts to "make weight" are related to binge eating and eating pathology later in life. Future research and clinical efforts should address how to best eliminate unhealthy weight control strategies in military service while also supporting healthy weight management efforts. PMID: 31471885 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - August 30, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Masheb RM, Kutz AM, Marsh AG, Min KM, Ruser CB, Dorflinger LM Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

"There's nothing there for guys". Do men with eating disorders want treatment adaptations? A qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS: Participants described wanting to be treated as individuals and not defined by their gender. Whilst existing treatment approaches were mostly felt to achieve this individual focus, the actual treatment setting may inadvertently reinforce a perception of atypicality due to being men in a female-dominated environment. Adaptations may therefore be required to make the treatment environment more male friendly. Clinical recommendations are outlined. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: V. Qualitative study. PMID: 31471886 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - August 30, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Kinnaird E, Norton C, Pimblett C, Stewart C, Tchanturia K Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Associations among eating disorder symptoms and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) in college students.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study identified narrowly defined personality and psychopathology constructs relevant to, and found across college students experiencing various subthreshold ED symptoms. Considering this additional information in ED screening or treatment planning could reduce the likelihood of subthreshold symptoms worsening and increase the effectiveness of ED interventions with at-risk college student populations. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, evidence obtained from well-designed cohort or case-control analytic studies. PMID: 31471887 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - August 30, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Martin-Fernandez KW, Ben-Porath YS Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Association and interaction of the FTO rs1421085 with overweight/obesity in a sample of Pakistani individuals.
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the rs1421085 was found to be associated with overweight/obesity and related anthropometric traits independent of age and gender in Pakistani population. Moreover, this variant was found to influence various metabolic traits in the presence of overweight/obesity. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, case-control analytic study. PMID: 31468339 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - August 29, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Rana S, Bhatti AA Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Overweight, obesity, weight-related behaviors, and health-related quality of life among high-school students in Turkey.
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, more than one-third of the students were either overweight or obese. Obesity was associated with screen time, physical activity, and family relationship. Obesity in children had a negative impact on their quality of life. Therefore, increasing physical activity, lowering screen time, and having a healthy parent-adolescent relationship could contribute to reducing the prevalence of obesity in overweight/obese students. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, descriptive (cross-sectional) study. PMID: 31463887 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - August 28, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Çam HH, Üstüner Top F Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Effects of dietary whole grain, fruit, and vegetables on weight and inflammatory biomarkers in overweight and obese women.
Abstract PURPOSE: The separate effects of whole grain (WG) and fruit and vegetable (F&V) diets on inflammatory biomarkers have not been assessed. Therefore, we evaluated these two high-fiber diets in relation to inflammation indices in obese and overweight women. STUDY DESIGN: Parallel randomized clinical trial. METHODS: In the present study, 75 women were recruited and randomly assigned to three diet groups: a whole grain diet (WG-D) group, F&V group, and a combined whole grain and F&V diet group (WGFV-D) for 10 weeks. As a "feeding trial" all participants were asked to visit ...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - August 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Arabzadegan N, Daneshzad E, Fatahi S, Moosavian SP, Surkan PJ, Azadbakht L Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Psychological eating factors, affect, and ecological momentary assessed diet quality.
CONCLUSIONS: Results provide support for the role of time varying and invariant factors in predicting eating behaviors in daily life; both may be important to consider in obesity prevention and intervention. Particularly, ecological momentary interventions targeting affective states in individuals' daily lives may be useful for changing food intake. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, multiple time series. PMID: 31388844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - August 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jeffers AJ, Mason TB, Benotsch EG Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

An examination of eating and thinness expectancies as predictors of eating disturbances in females: evidence for cultural differences between European American and Chinese college students.
CONCLUSION: The present findings point to the value of examining for the co-presence of both expectancies in predicting eating disturbances while also highlighting cultural variations in the study of eating pathology. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Descriptive cross-sectional study, level V. PMID: 31377980 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - August 3, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Li M, Chang EC, Chang OD, Lucas AG, Yang H Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Help-seeking for body image problems among adolescents with eating disorders: findings from the EveryBODY study.
CONCLUSIONS: Very few adolescents with an eating disorder seek help for a body image problem. Promoting early, appropriate help-seeking among those who are younger and/or those with less well-known disorders may be particularly important. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, case-control analytic study. PMID: 31376110 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - August 2, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Fatt SJ, Mond J, Bussey K, Griffiths S, Murray SB, Lonergan A, Hay P, Trompeter N, Mitchison D Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

The behavioral pathway model to overweight and obesity: coping strategies, eating behaviors and body mass index.
CONCLUSIONS: This research proposes a relationship between the variables analyzed. It has been proved that passive coping strategies predict a high BMI via unhealthy eating behaviors, especially emotional eating. These results are promising to improve the current prevention obesity programs and weight control treatments. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, case-control analytic study. PMID: 31376111 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - August 2, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Varela C, Andrés A, Saldaña C Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Altered habenula to locus coeruleus functional connectivity in past anorexia nervosa suggests correlation with suicidality: a pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: pAN patients showed long lasting alterations in habenular connectivity. This may have clinical implications, possibly including future evaluation of the habenula as a therapeutic target and the need to carefully monitor suicidality in pAN patients. NO LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Basic science. PMID: 31376112 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - August 2, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Wills KE, Gosnell SN, Curtis KN, Velasquez K, Fowler JC, Salas R Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Brazilian version of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire-Appearance Scales (MBSRQ-AS): translation and psychometric properties in adults.
CONCLUSIONS: In summary, the Brazilian MBSRQ-AS appears to be a good option for researchers in the country. Furthermore, the study provides substantial parameters for comparison with other adaptations of the instrument around the world. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, descriptive study. PMID: 31364031 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 30, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Laus MF, Vales LDMF, Oliveira NG, Braga Costa TM, Almeida SS Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

In the eye of the swiper: a preliminary analysis of the relationship between dating app use and dimensions of body image.
CONCLUSION: Dating app use seems most tightly associated with body image concerns among males. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study. PMID: 31352616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 27, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Rodgers RF, Campagna J, Attawala R, Richard C, Kakfa C, Rizzo C Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Selective attentional bias to food-related stimuli in healthy individuals with characteristics towards orthorexia nervosa.
CONCLUSION: Attentional bias, as a deficit in information processing, towards healthy food-related stimuli accounts for variability in ON characteristics. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level I, experimental study. PMID: 31352617 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 27, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Albery IP, Michalska M, Moss AC, Spada M Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

"I just don't want to be fat!": body talk, body dissatisfaction, and eating disorder symptoms in mother-adolescent girl dyads.
"I just don't want to be fat!": body talk, body dissatisfaction, and eating disorder symptoms in mother-adolescent girl dyads. Eat Weight Disord. 2019 Jul 27;: Authors: Hart E, Chow CM Abstract PURPOSE: Mothers serve as a primary socializing figure among adolescent girls at a time when they are at high risk of body image concerns and disordered eating behavior, and this influence may vary by weight status. Body talk may be one mechanisms of influence in this relationship. The current study utilized an observational measure of body talk to investigate the relationship between adolescent girls...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 27, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Hart E, Chow CM Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Drive for leanness: potentially less maladaptive compared to drives for thinness and muscularity.
Abstract PURPOSE: Drive for leanness (DL), a motivating interest in having low body fat and toned muscles, is hypothesized to be less maladaptive than drives for thinness (DT) and muscularity (DM), which has implications for its inclusion in eating- and health-related prevention and treatment programs; however, little research has explored this hypothesis. The current study investigated DL's uniqueness from these other drives, as well as simultaneously explored if associations of DL and a range of health-related outcomes supported that it may be less maladaptive than DT and DM. METHODS: A sample of 589 underg...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 24, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lang B, Rancourt D Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Body composition parameters can better predict body size dissatisfaction than body mass index in children and adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: Body composition measures can better predict body size dissatisfaction in children and adolescents than BMI. This result may be relevant for the design of future studies on physiological indicators and body satisfaction. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, cross-sectional study. PMID: 31338791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 23, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Dos Santos RRG, Forte GC, Mundstock E, Amaral MA, da Silveira CG, Amantéa FC, Variani JF, Booij L, Mattiello R Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Vocal arousal: a physiological correlate of body distress in women with overweight and obesity.
CONCLUSION: The findings support the utility of vocally encoded emotional arousal as an objective physiological correlate of the evaluative dimension of body image in women with overweight and obesity. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level I, experimental study. PMID: 31338792 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 23, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Baur J, Krohmer K, Naumann E, Tuschen-Caffier B, Svaldi J Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Manipulating the theoretical framing of exposure therapy for eating disorders impacts clinicians' treatment preferences.
CONCLUSION: Framing of the intervention impacts likelihood that providers will endorse using specific interventions. Therefore, intervention development and dissemination efforts should consider the language around the description of evidence-based treatments. Furthermore, enhanced training and education specifically with eating disorder exposure therapy may enhance the likelihood of providers utilizing exposure therapy. Level I: experimental study. PMID: 31317512 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 17, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Levinson CA, Christian C, Vanzhula IA Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Impact of obesity on central processing time rather than overall reaction time in young adult men.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The association between weight status with simple cognitive tasks such as reaction time (RT) may not be observed in young people as cognitive functioning development has reached its peak. In the present study, we aimed to examine the association between overall and central adiposity with overall and central processing of RT in a sample of young adult men with different weight status from Ardabil, Iran. METHODS: Eighty-six young males between June-July 2018 completed RT tests as well as premotor time (PMT) using surface electromyography changes in isometric contraction response...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 17, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Narimani M, Esmaeilzadeh S, Pesola AJ, Azevedo LB, Moradi A, Heidari B, Kashfi-Moghadam M Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Development and validation of the Premorbid Childhood Traits Questionnaire (PCT-Q) in eating disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the possibility that premorbid traits contribute to a risk to develop an ED in some individuals. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III: case-control analytic study. PMID: 31313252 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 16, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Marzola E, Fassino S, Migliaretti G, Abbate-Daga G, Kaye WH Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

The moderating effects of mindful eating on the relationship between emotional functioning and eating styles in overweight and obese women.
CONCLUSION: When mindful eating techniques are included as part of an intervention for overweight or obese individuals, it is even more important that those interventions should also include techniques to reduce emotion dysregulation and negative affect. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, descriptive study. PMID: 31313253 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 16, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Czepczor-Bernat K, Brytek-Matera A, Gramaglia C, Zeppegno P Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

An exploratory study on the intergenerational transmission of dieting proneness within an eating disorder population.
CONCLUSION: These findings of increased eating pathology associated with direct parental feedback in a clinical population of ED participants even when controlling for parental ED history suggests greater attention is needed within the ED literature on social and environmental factors and their potential associations with eating pathology. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, descriptive study. PMID: 31302881 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 13, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Claydon EA, Lilly CL, Zerwas SC, Zullig KJ, Davidov DM, Cottrell L Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

'Impaired Autonomy and Performance' predicts binge eating disorder among obese patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Impaired Autonomy and Performance is associated with BED in a sample of obese patients. Schema therapy should be considered a potential psychotherapy strategy in the treatment of BED. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, case-control study. PMID: 31302882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 13, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Rania M, Aloi M, Caroleo M, Carbone EA, Fazia G, Calabrò G, de Filippis R, Staltari F, Segura-Garcia C Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

Disordered eating and weight loss after bariatric surgery.
Abstract PURPOSES: Aberrant eating patterns are frequently observed in bariatric patients. Since bariatric operations produce alterations in food transit and in appetite/satiety balance, postoperative eating behavior changes are not surprising. METHODS: 88 consecutive obese patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP, 50 cases) and Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG, 38 cases) were retrospectively evaluated. Beside anthropometric data measurement, eating behavior was assessed by direct interview prior to the operation and at the first and second postoperative years: patients were considered as eating disordered (...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - July 13, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Gradaschi R, Molinari V, Sukkar SG, De Negri P, Adami GF, Camerini G Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research