Introductory paragraph.
Authors: PMID: 31594406 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - October 11, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Measures of balance and falls risk prediction in people with Parkinson's disease: a systematic review of psychometric properties.
CONCLUSION: Six of the 68 outcome measures have strong psychometric properties for the assessment of balance and falls risk prediction in PD. Measures assessing balance and falls risk prediction at the participatory level are limited in number with a lack of psychometric validation. PMID: 31571503 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - October 1, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Winser SJ, Kannan P, Bello UM, Whitney SL Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Traditional manual acupuncture combined with rehabilitation therapy for shoulder hand syndrome after stroke within the Chinese healthcare system.
PMID: 31519132 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - September 15, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Zhang K, Tang Q, Zhao C Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Introductory paragraph.
Authors: PMID: 31519133 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - September 15, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Effectiveness of customized insoles in patients with Morton's neuroma: a randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical trial.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of customized insole in patients with Morton's neuroma. DESIGN: Double-blind randomized controlled trial with intent-to-treat analysis. SETTING: Outpatients, University Hospital. SUBJECTS: A total of 72 patients with Morton's neuroma met the inclusion criteria and were randomly allocated to either the study group (n = 36) or the control group (n = 36). INTERVENTIONS: The study group was assigned to use a customized insole with metatarsal and arch support made of ethyl vinyl acetate and the control group received a flat ...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - September 11, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: de Oliveira HAV, Natour J, Vassalli M, Rosenfeld A, Jennings F, Jones A Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Hip abductor strength-based exercise therapy in treating women with moderate-to-severe knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether hip abductor strength-based exercise therapy could result in further function improvement and more pain relief in women with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTINGS: Rehabilitation department of Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University from years 2016 to 2018. SUBJECTS: In total, 82 women aged 50-70 years, with knee osteoarthritis grade II-IV on the Kellgren-Lawrence scale. INTERVENTION: The experimental group engaged in hip abductor strength-based exercises under the supervision of physical therapists (once a day ...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - September 11, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Wang J, Xie Y, Wang L, Lei L, Liao P, Wang S, Gao Y, Chen Y, Xu F, Zhang C Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Kinesio taping versus compression garments for treating breast cancer-related lymphedema: a randomized, cross-over, controlled trial.
daño-Coy J Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of Kinesio taping compared to compression garments during maintenance phase of complex decongestive therapy for breast cancer-related lymphedema. DESIGN: Randomized, cross-over, controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient tertiary-level hospital rehabilitation setting. SUBJECTS: Randomized sample of 30 women with breast cancer-related lymphedema. INTERVENTIONS: Participants received two interventions, Kinesio taping and compression garment, both lasting four weeks, whose order was randomized by blocks. A four-week washout period was...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - September 9, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Pajero Otero V, García Delgado E, Martín Cortijo C, Romay Barrero HM, de Carlos Iriarte E, Avendaño-Coy J Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Introductory paragraph.
Authors: PMID: 31455132 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - August 30, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of mechanical traction on low back pain in patients with herniated intervertebral disks: a systemic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: Compared with sham or no traction, lumbar traction exhibited significantly more pain reduction and functional improvements in the short term, but not in the long term. There is insufficient evidence to support the effect of lumbar traction on herniated disk size reduction. PMID: 31456418 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - August 28, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Cheng YH, Hsu CY, Lin YN Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

The ESCAPS study: a feasibility randomized controlled trial of early electrical stimulation to the wrist extensors and flexors to prevent post-stroke complications of pain and contractures in the paretic arm.
CONCLUSION: Early initiation of electrical stimulation was acceptable and feasible. Data collection methods used were feasible and acceptable to participants. A large definitive study is needed to determine if electrical stimulation is efficacious and cost effective. PMID: 31423822 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - August 19, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Fletcher-Smith JC, Walker DM, Allatt K, Sprigg N, James M, Ratib S, Boadu J, Richardson C, Pandyan AD Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Therapy-based exercise from the perspective of adult patients: a qualitative systematic review conducted using an ethnographic approach.
CONCLUSION: The quality of the interaction between therapists and patients appears integral to patients engaging with, and sustaining practice of, rehabilitation programmes. Programmes need to be individualized, and health care professionals need to take patients' previous experiences and ambivalences in motivation and empowerment into account. PMID: 31409124 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - August 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Davenport S, Dickinson A, Minns Lowe C Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of a robot intervention on visuospatial hemineglect in postacute stroke patients: a randomized controlled trial.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of an intervention using the robot device PARO on visuospatial hemineglect and activities of daily living, and its acceptance during stroke rehabilitation. PARO is an interactive robotic toy with the appearance of a baby seal, which can move, produce sounds, and react to speech and touch. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Hospital for neurorehabilitation. SUBJECTS: Patients above 60 years old who have suffered their first stroke within the previous three months with left hemineglect (n = 39). INTERVENTIONS: The PARO ...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - August 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Karner S, Stenner H, Spate M, Behrens J, Krakow K Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Community Integration Questionnaire: a systematic review of five populations.
CONCLUSION: Many psychometric properties of the Community Integration Questionnaire are still poorly evaluated for adults living with a disability other than a traumatic brain injury. However, promising data have been documented in each population included in this review. PMID: 31397182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - August 9, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Turcotte S, Beaudoin M, Vallée C, Vincent C, Routhier F Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of therapeutic ultrasound for knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of therapeutic ultrasound with sham ultrasound on pain relief and functional improvement in knee osteoarthritis patients. As phonophoresis is a unique therapeutic ultrasound, we also compared the effects of phonophoresis with conventional non-drug ultrasound. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials from inception up to June 2019. REVIEW METHODS: Randomized controlled trials comparing therapeutic ultrasound with sham ultrasound in knee osteoarthritis patients were include...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - August 5, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Wu Y, Zhu S, Lv Z, Kan S, Wu Q, Song W, Ning G, Feng S Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Introductory paragraph.
Authors: PMID: 31269815 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - July 6, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect on subjective quality of life of occupational therapy based on adjusting the challenge-skill balance: a randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Adjusting the challenge-skill balance may be a useful approach to improve the participant's subjective quality of life in the rehabilitation process. PMID: 31271045 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - July 4, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Yoshida I, Hirao K, Kobayashi R Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Prevalence of unmet needs for spasticity management in care home residents in the East Midlands, United Kingdom: a cross-sectional observational study.
CONCLUSION: Care home residents in this study had high levels of unmet need for spasticity management. PMID: 31266351 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - July 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Edwards L, Ellis B, Donnellan C, Osman H, Haboubi N, Jones M, Sunman W, Pinnington L, Phillips MF Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

"Cannot see? Use your strengths!" A randomized controlled trial of strengths intervention for improving self-esteem among visually impaired individuals.
"Cannot see? Use your strengths!" A randomized controlled trial of strengths intervention for improving self-esteem among visually impaired individuals. Clin Rehabil. 2019 Jul 02;:269215519858714 Authors: Matsuguma S, Kawashima M, Sano F, Tsubota K Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between strengths use and self-esteem among visually impaired individuals in Study 1 and reveal the causal effect of a strengths intervention in Study 2. DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional design in Study 1 and a randomized controlled, open-label, parallel-group comparative design in Study 2....
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - July 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Matsuguma S, Kawashima M, Sano F, Tsubota K Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Introductory paragraph.
Authors: PMID: 31208227 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - June 20, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

A controlled clinical trial of preoperative pain neuroscience education for patients about to undergo total knee arthroplasty.
CONCLUSION: Adding a brief 30-minute pain neuroscience education session to a traditional preoperative total knee arthroplasty education program did not result in any significant improvements, except patient satisfaction. PMID: 31213078 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - June 19, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Louw A, Puentedura EJ, Reed J, Zimney K, Grimm D, Landers MR Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

A physical activity program is no more effective than standard care at maintaining upper limb activity in community-dwelling people with stroke: secondary outcomes from a randomized trial.
CONCLUSION: After intervention, there was no difference between the groups in terms of upper-limb activity. PMID: 31198048 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - June 14, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Langhammer B, Ada L, Gunnes M, Ihle-Hansen H, Indredavik B, Askim T Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Training family to assist with physiotherapy for older people transitioning from hospital to the community: a pilot randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Augmenting physiotherapy with family-assisted therapy is feasible for older people transitioning from hospital to the community. A fully powered randomized controlled trial is indicated. PMID: 31169029 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - June 6, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lawler K, Shields N, Taylor NF Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Making healthcare decisions in a person's best interests when they lack capacity: clinical guidance based on a review of evidence.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To clarify the concept of best interests, setting out how they should be ascertained and used to make healthcare decisions for patients who lack the mental capacity to make decisions. CONTEXT: The legal framework is the Mental Capacity Act (MCA) 2005, which applies to England and Wales. THEORY: Unless there is a valid and applicable Advance Decision, an appointed decision-maker needs to decide for those without capacity. This may be someone appointed by the patient through a Lasting Power of Attorney, or a Deputy appointed by the court. Otherwise the decision-maker is usually the resp...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - June 6, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Wade DT, Kitzinger C Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Determining whether someone has mental capacity to make a decision: clinical guidance based on a review of the evidence.
Abstract Valid consent to healthcare treatments depends upon a person having the capacity to give it. The Mental Health Act not only requires a presumption of capacity but also expects clinicians to take reasonable steps to establish whether the patient lacks capacity. The facts are that (1) lack of capacity is common among hospital inpatients and people in the community needing care, but is often not recognized. (2) Capacity must not be judged on the basis of the decision made: an unwise decision is not evidence of a lack of capacity, and a decision expected by the clinician is not evidence of capacity. Capacity ...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - June 6, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Wade DT Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Assessment of the effects of Kinesiotaping on musical motor performance in musicians suffering from focal hand dystonia: a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: Correction Kinesiotaping intervention may not be useful to reduce dystonic patterns, nor to improve playing ability, in musicians with focal hand dystonia. PMID: 31159569 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - June 4, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bravi R, Ioannou CI, Minciacchi D, Altenmüller E Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of the responsiveness of the Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation (USER) and the Barthel Index in stroke patients.
CONCLUSION: In inpatient rehabilitation after stroke, the USER was less responsive than the Barthel Index. PMID: 31134815 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - May 28, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: van Meijeren-Pont W, Volker G, Vliet Vlieland T, Goossens P Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Assessing the concurrent validity of a gait analysis system integrated into a smart walker in older adults with gait impairments.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the concurrent validity of a smart walker-integrated gait analysis system with the GAITRite® system for measuring spatiotemporal gait parameters in potential users of the smart walker. DESIGN: Criterion standard validation study. SETTING: Research laboratory in a geriatric hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five older adults (⩾65 years) with gait impairments (habitual rollator use and/or gait speed
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - May 27, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Werner C, Chalvatzaki G, Papageorgiou XS, Tzafestas CS, Bauer JM, Hauer K Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Stroke patients' and non-professional coaches' experiences with home-based constraint-induced movement therapy: a qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: Patients' and non-professional coaches' narratives offer a detailed insight into the manifold experiences with the practical implementation of homeCIMT that may help improve implementing the homeCIMT programme and similar approaches involving increased training duration and intensity and/or involvement of family members. PMID: 31104476 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - May 20, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Stark A, Färber C, Tetzlaff B, Scherer M, Barzel A Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of whole-body vibration exercise for non-specific chronic low back pain: an assessor-blind, randomized controlled trial.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To confirm the benefits of whole-body vibration exercise for pain intensity and functional disability in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain. DESIGN: Single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient. SUBJECTS: Eighty-nine patients with non-specific chronic low back pain met the inclusion criteria, they were randomly allocated to either the intervention group ( n = 45) or the control group ( n = 44). INTERVENTION: The intervention group received whole-body vibration exercises three times a week for 12 weeks. The con...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - May 17, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Wang XQ, Gu W, Chen BL, Wang X, Hu HY, Zheng YL, Zhang J, Zhang HY, Chen PJ Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

User testing of the psychometric properties of pictorial-based disability assessment Longshi Scale by healthcare professionals and non-professionals: a Chinese study in Shenzhen.
H, Jiao R, Wu M, Tang Q, Luo X Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate a novel pictorial-based Longshi Scale for evaluating a patient's disability by healthcare professionals and non-professionals. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Rehabilitation departments from a grade A, class 3 public hospital, a grade B, class 2 public hospital, and a private hospital and seven community rehabilitation centers. SUBJECTS: A total of 618 patients and 251 patients with functional disabilities were recruited in a two-phase study, respectively. MAIN MEASURES: Outcome measure: pictorial scale...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - May 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Wang Y, Guo S, Zheng J, Wang QM, Zhang Y, Liang Z, Zhang L, Yang Y, Zhai H, Chen M, Wang Y, Li Y, Lyu X, Li X, Geng H, Zhu X, Yu F, Yuan J, Zhou J, Liu F, Luo H, Long J, Chen W, Li H, Fu G, Zhou C, Zhang J, Wang Y, Huo Y, Ke X, Zeng Y, Liu J, Xing H, Xiao Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

A review of goal setting theories relevant to goal setting in paediatric rehabilitation.
CONCLUSION: The theories reviewed have clear implications for paediatric rehabilitation research and practice. They address considerations not typically discussed in adult rehabilitation such as observing children to obtain information about meaningful goals when they are unable to communicate them directly and the importance of establishing flexible processes that will accommodate changing family roles over time. Research is needed to evaluate the effects of goal-setting processes and strategies on outcomes in paediatric rehabilitation. PMID: 31072123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - May 9, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Pritchard-Wiart L, Thompson-Hodgetts S, McKillop AB Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Moving stroke rehabilitation evidence into practice: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
CONCLUSION: A large range of interventions are used to facilitate clinical practice change. Education is commonly used, but in isolation is not effective. Multicomponent interventions including facilitation and tailoring to local settings can change clinical practice and are more effective when targeting fewer changes. PMID: 31066289 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - May 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bird ML, Miller T, Connell LA, Eng JJ Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Clinical efficacy of extracorporeal shockwave therapy for knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-regression of randomized controlled trials.
This study determined the clinical efficacy of extracorporeal shockwave therapy and the predictors of its efficacy for knee osteoarthritis. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases and search engines, namely MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library Database, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), China Academic Journals Full-text Database, and Google Scholar, were searched until 5 March 2019, for randomized controlled trials without restrictions on language and publication year. REVIEW METHODS: Eligible trials and extracted data were identified by two independent investigators. The included articles were subjected t...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - May 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Liao CD, Tsauo JY, Liou TH, Chen HC, Huang SW Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Feasibility of a traditional and teletreatment approach to mirror therapy in patients with phantom limb pain: a process evaluation performed alongside a randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Traditional mirror therapy and the teletreatment were not delivered as intended in the majority of patients. Implementation of the teletreatment in daily routines was challenging, and more research is needed to evaluate user characteristics that influence adherence and how technology features can be optimized to develop tailored implementation strategies. PMID: 31066315 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - May 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Rothgangel A, Braun S, Smeets R, Beurskens A Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

A study of whether individual and dyadic relations between spirituality and resilience contribute to psychological adjustment among individuals with spinal cord injuries and their family members.
CONCLUSION: Increased spirituality and resilience make a significant contribution (both independently and in combination) to positive psychological outcomes for both individuals with spinal cord injury and their family members. PMID: 31056938 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - May 6, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jones KF, Simpson G, Briggs L, Dorsett P, Anderson M Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Introductory paragraph.
Authors: PMID: 31012761 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - April 24, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of adding interferential current stimulation to exercise on outcomes in primary care patients with chronic neck pain: a randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Adding interferential current stimulation to exercise resulted in better immediate outcome across a range of measures. PMID: 31007047 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - April 22, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Albornoz-Cabello M, Pérez-Mármol JM, Barrios Quinta CJ, Matarán-Peñarrocha GA, Castro-Sánchez AM, de la Cruz Olivares B Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

The benefit of adding a physiotherapy or occupational therapy intervention programme to a standardized group-based interdisciplinary rehabilitation programme for patients with chronic widespread pain: a randomized active-controlled non-blinded trial.
CONCLUSION: Participants were on average stable in observation-based measures of functional ability and patient-reported outcomes, except in overall mental well-being, favouring the enhanced intervention. Efficacy of additional interventions on functional ability remains uncertain. PMID: 31007053 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - April 22, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Amris K, Bülow CV, Christensen R, Bandak E, Rasmussen MU, Danneskiold-Samsøe B, Wæhrens EE Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

A secondary analysis of data from the OPTICARE randomized controlled trial investigating the effects of extended cardiac rehabilitation on functional capacity, fatigue, and participation in society.
CONCLUSION: Extending cardiac rehabilitation with a face-to-face behavioral intervention resulted in additional long-term improvements in fatigue and small improvements in functional capacity up to 12 months. A telephonic behavioral intervention provided no additional benefits. PMID: 30983387 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - April 15, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hoeve NT, Sunamura M, Stam HJ, van Domburg RT, van den Berg-Emons RJ Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Effectiveness of physiotherapy interventions for improving erectile function and climacturia in men after prostatectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
CONCLUSIONS: PFMT augmented with biofeedback improves erectile function after prostatectomy. Data from a single study found PFMT combined with electrical stimulation to be beneficial for postprostatectomy climacturia. However, electrical stimulation is recommended for terminally ill people only. The effect of PFMT alone on postprostatectomy erectile dysfunction and climacturia remains inconclusive. However, this is likely to be affected by the participant adherence and physiotherapy supervision. High-quality trials providing intensive supervision and due consideration of adherence factors are recommended. PMID: 309833...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - April 15, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kannan P, Winser SJ, Choi Ho L, Hei LC, Kin LC, Agnieszka GE, Jeffrey LH Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Effectiveness of electrical stimulation therapy in improving arm function after stroke: a systematic review and a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.
CONCLUSION: Electrical stimulation therapy can effectively improve the arm function in stroke patients. PMID: 30977379 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - April 12, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Yang JD, Liao CD, Huang SW, Tam KW, Liou TH, Lee YH, Lin CY, Chen HC Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

The Italian Spine Youth Quality of Life questionnaire measures health-related quality of life of adolescents with spinal deformities better than the reference standard, the Scoliosis Research Society 22 questionnaire.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the validity of the Italian Spine Youth Quality of Life (ISYQOL) questionnaire with that of the Scoliosis Research Society 22 (SRS22) questionnaire, the criterion standard for health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measurement in adolescents with spinal deformities. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic. SUBJECTS: Consecutive adolescents (10-18 years; 541 wearing brace) affected by idiopathic scoliosis (642 females, 100 males) or hyperkyphosis (87 females, 109 males). INTERVENTIONS: NA. MAIN MEASURES: The Spearman's correlation coefficient...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - April 12, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Caronni A, Donzelli S, Zaina F, Negrini S Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Dynamic Lycra ® orthoses as an adjunct to arm rehabilitation after stroke: a single-blind, two-arm parallel group, randomized controlled feasibility trial.
CONCLUSION: Recruitment and retention were low, and adverse reactions were problematic. There were no indications of clinically relevant effects, but the small sample means definitive conclusions cannot be made. A definitive trial is not warranted without orthoses adaptation. PMID: 30977382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - April 12, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Morris JH, John A, Wedderburn L, Rauchhaus P, Donnan PT Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Action observation therapy for improving arm function, walking ability, and daily activity performance after stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
This study was to investigate the effectiveness of action observation therapy on arm and hand motor function, walking ability, gait performance, and activities of daily living in stroke patients. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: Searches were completed in January 2019 from electronic databases, including PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and OTseeker. REVIEW METHODS: Two independent reviewers performed data extraction and evaluated the study quality by the PEDro scale. The pooled effect sizes on different aspects of outcome measures were calculate...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - April 12, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Peng TH, Zhu JD, Chen CC, Tai RY, Lee CY, Hsieh YW Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Standard early rehabilitation and lower limb transcutaneous nerve or neuromuscular electrical stimulation in acute stroke patients: a randomized controlled pilot study.
CONCLUSION: Two weeks of transcutaneous nerve stimulation added to standard early rehabilitation improved postural stability and walking in acute stroke patients. PMID: 30977392 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - April 12, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Yen HC, Chen WS, Jeng JS, Luh JJ, Lee YY, Pan GS Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of interval training on risk markers for arrhythmic death: a randomized controlled trial.
gam A Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of high-intensity interval training versus moderate-intensity continuous training on risk markers of arrhythmic death in patients who recently suffered from an acute coronary syndrome. DESIGN: Double-blind (patient and evaluator) randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation Centre (EPIC Centre) of the Montreal Heart Institute, Montreal, Canada. SUBJECTS: A total of 43 patients were randomized following an acute coronary syndrome. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were assigned to either high-intensity interval training...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - April 12, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Boidin M, Gayda M, Henri C, Hayami D, Trachsel LD, Besnier F, Lalongé J, Juneau M, Nigam A Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Clinical and cost effectiveness of memory rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury: a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: This memory rehabilitation programme did not lead to reduced forgetting in daily life for a heterogeneous sample of people with traumatic brain injury. Further research will need to examine who benefits most from such interventions. PMID: 30977398 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Rehabilitation)
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - April 12, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: das Nair R, Bradshaw LE, Day FE, Drummond A, Harris SR, Fitzsimmons D, Montgomery AA, Newby G, Sackley C, Lincoln NB Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

The clinical- and cost-effectiveness of functional electrical stimulation and ankle-foot orthoses for foot drop in Multiple Sclerosis: a multicentre randomized trial.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical- and cost-effectiveness of ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) over 12 months in people with Multiple Sclerosis with foot drop. DESIGN: Multicentre, powered, non-blinded, randomized trial. SETTING: Seven Multiple Sclerosis outpatient centres across Scotland. SUBJECTS: Eighty-five treatment-naïve people with Multiple Sclerosis with persistent (>three months) foot drop. INTERVENTIONS: Participants randomized to receive a custom-made, AFO ( n = 43) or FES device ( n = 42). OUTCOME MEASURES: Assessed at 0, 3...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - April 11, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Renfrew LM, Paul L, McFadyen A, Rafferty D, Moseley O, Lord AC, Bowers R, Mattison P Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

A cohort study of functional electrical stimulation in people with multiple sclerosis demonstrating improvements in quality of life and cost-effectiveness.
This study used outpatient therapy service as the study setting. SUBJECTS: Data from 82 consecutive patients with multiple sclerosis attending for set up with functional electrical stimulation were analysed. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were seen at baseline, three and six months for support in use of functional electrical stimulation, and data were collected at baseline and six months. MAIN MEASURES: The EQ-5D-5L and walking speed were collected at baseline and six months after using functional electrical stimulation. The Psychosocial Impact of Assistive Device Scale was collected at six months. EQ-5D-3L utiliti...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - April 10, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Juckes FM, Marceniuk G, Seary C, Stevenson VL Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

The prevalence of frailty among acute stroke patients, and evaluation of method of assessment.
We described predictive validity of Frailty Index for stroke severity and delirium. We described convergent validity, quantifying agreement between frailty assessments and a measure of pre-stroke disability (modified Rankin Scale) using kappa statistics and correlations. RESULTS: We included 546 patients. A Frailty Index-defined frailty syndrome was observed in 427 of 545 patients (78%), of whom, 151 (28%) had frank frailty and 276 (51%) were pre-frail. Phenotypic frailty was observed in 72 of 258 patients (28%). We demonstrated concurrent validity via significant associations with all variables (all p 
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - April 10, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Taylor-Rowan M, Cuthbertson G, Keir R, Shaw R, Drozdowska B, Elliott E, Stott D, Quinn TJ Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research