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Systematic ultrasound-guided saturation and template biopsy of the prostate: indications and advantages of extended sampling.
Authors: Isbarn H, Briganti A, De Visschere PJ, Fütterer JJ, Ghadjar P, Giannarini G, Ost P, Ploussard G, Sooriakumaran P, Surcel CI, van Oort IM, Yossepowitch O, van den Bergh RC, Prostate Cancer Working Group of the European Association of Urology Young Academic Urologists Abstract OBJECTIVES: Prostate biopsy (PB) is the gold standard for the diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa). However, the optimal number of biopsy cores remains debatable. We sought to compare contemporary standard (10-12 cores) vs. saturation (=18 cores) schemes on initial as well as repeat PB. METHODS: A non-systematic review of the li...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Advances in ultrasound techniques for the diagnosis and staging of prostate cancer. Elastography, Doppler ultrasound, ultrasound contrast media, ultrasound quantification media and MRI fusion].
CONCLUSIONS: The ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy has an acceptable sensitivity in the diagnosis of prostate cancer, but its specificity is still low. Various modalities associated with ultrasound are available in clinical practice in order to increase cancer detection rate. Although some promising data have been published for some of the modalities, we believe the combination of these includes validated ultrasound guided biopsy protocols to accurately target and diagnose prostate cancer. PMID: 25948802 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Multiparametric MRI. The role of MRI techniques in the diagnosis, staging and follow up of prostate cancer].
Authors: Vilanova JC, Luna-Alcalá A, Boada M, Barceló J Abstract The current diagnosis of prostate cancer based on PSA values and systematic biopsy has limitations in its efficacy of detection and staging. Technical advances on imaging over the last decade, mainly MRI, enable improvements in the strategy of prostate cancer management in diagnosis, staging, follow up and therapy monitoring. MRI enables the combination of morphological (T2 sequences) and, at the same time, functional information by means of the application of sequences such as spectroscopy (SMRI), diffusion and dynamic intravenous contr...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Selection of candidates for prostate biopsy using multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging in patients with persistently raising PSA].
CONCLUSION: The mRMN is a useful technique not yet incorporated in algorithms of prostate cancer diagnosis in urological societies. Its safety, effectiveness and efficiency are forcing to include its progressive use and with high probability will be soon incorporated into the decision-making charts. PMID: 25948804 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Integrated US-MR fusion images and MR targeted biopsies. What are their role and value in the detection and follow-up of prostate cancer.
Authors: Delongchamps NB, Escourou C, Cornud F Abstract Accuracy of multiparametric MRI has greatly improved the ability of localizing tumor foci of prostate cancer. This property can be used to perform a TRUS-MR image registration, new technological advance, which allows for an overlay of an MRI onto a TRUS image to target a prostate biopsy toward a suspicious area Three types of registration have been developed: cognitive-based, sensor-based, and organ-based registration. Cognitive registration consists of aiming a suspicious area during biopsy with the knowledge of the lesion location identified on multiparametr...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

State of the art of PET/CT with 11-choline and 18F-fluorocholine in the diagnosis and follow-up of localized and locally advanced prostate cancer.
CONCLUSION: In the Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) era with a large number of localized disease, the diagnostic performance of choline PET and PET/CT lack of reliability in initial diagnosis of PCa. The major clinical role of choline PET/CT is the re-staging of patients with a biochemical relapse after radical treatment; the promising performance of choline PET/CT scan in patients with low levels of PSA could also lead the clinicians for to perform PET-guided adjuvant curative therapies or palliative treatments in patients already treated radically for PCa. PMID: 25948806 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Total body MRI in early detection of bone metastasis and its indication in comparison to bone scan and other imaging techniques].
Authors: Luna A, Vilanova JC, Alcalá Mata L Abstract Bone metastases are a recognized prognostic factor in patients with prostate cancer. Currently, Tc99 bone scan is the most frequently used imaging technique for their detection, showing a high sensitivity but a limited specificity. Thus, new morphological and mainly functional imaging techniques based on PET and MRI, or hybrid techniques such as PET-CT or PET-MRI have been introduced to improve metastases detection, estimation of total tumor load and for therapeutic monitoring. In this clinical scenario, total body MRI has arisen as a very promising techni...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Personalized medicine and prostate cancer. The reality of change].
Authors: Carballido Rodríguez JA, Martínez-Salamanca JI Abstract Prostate cancer (PCa) is a public health problem in western male populations on the basis of it's high incidence and prevalence. Nowadays we come to changes in the diagnostic technologies that deserve special attention and that once applied allow to show the way towards a personalized view of PCa being able to join this modern current trend of the oncologic pathology. In spite of the recognized heterogeneity of the disease; clinical, pathological and genetic variants in genes and the limitations of the PSA as a biomarker to determine the...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[The second kidney transplantation in Spain].
Authors: Virseda Rodríguez JA Abstract The first two living donor kidney transplants in our country (isotransplant and homotransplant respectively) were reported in 1961. We reviewed the clinical history of the renal homotransplant performed between father and son, more than half a century ago, by Carlos Younger de la Peña and Ramiro Rivera at "La Paloma' Clinic in Madrid. We comment on the organizational, legal, immunobiological and technical difficulties in those times when the successful future of transplantation was barely in sight. From the XXI Century we can see the long path of renal trans...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

100 cases of three-piece Inflatable Penile Prosthesis with new scrotal pump: Evaluation of 3 specialised centres.
CONCLUSIONS: The Coloplast Titan™ OTR IPP was easy to implant, inflate, and deflate with high levels of EF improvement, patient and partner satisfaction. A small number of postoperative teaching sessions were required for the patient to properly operate the device. PMID: 26033761 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Substitution urethroplasty. Long term follow up results in a group of 50 patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The recurrence of the stricture after augmentation urethroplasty occurs, in the majority of cases, in the first five years. After this period of time recurrence is very rare. Oral mucosa showed better results as substitute tissue in the urethral stricture surgery. PMID: 26033762 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Risk assessment in children with lithogenic kidney stones.
Authors: Ubetagoyena Arrieta M, Corera Casty MN, Martínez Saenz de Jubera J, González Hospitaler MT, Areses Trapote R, Pérez-Yarza EG Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the lithogenic risk profile of pediatric patients with lithiasis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the metabolic studies in 24-hour urine samples in 47 pediatric patients with lithiasis. Biochemical determinations were made in blood and 24-hour urine. Oxalate calcium, brushite, struvite and uric acid salt saturations were calculated. 49 healthy children were used as a control group. RESULTS: No...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Which treatment method should be used in pregnant patients with ureteral calculi? Two center comparative study.
Authors: Bayar G, Bozkurt Y, Acinikli H, Dagguli M, Cakmak S, Nuri Bodakci M, Kemal Hatipoglu N, Tanriverdi O Abstract OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare ureterolithotripsy and inserting only ureteral-j stent in terms of efficiency, safety and patient comfort in treatment of ureteral calculi in pregnant patients. METHODS: Seventy patients who developed hydronephrosis due to ureteral calculi during pregnancy, and on whom endoscopic intervention was performed were included in the study. In a center, the stones were broken up by ureteroscopy, and then ureteral stents (JJ) were placed if needed. In the other center, n...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Greenlight-XPS laser vaporization, the new standard of treatment in men with myasthenia gravis and benign prostatic obstruction?
CONCLUSIONS: Laser photoselective vaporization (GreenLight-XPS) could be the standard treatment for men with MG and BPO, whose prostate volume is less than 60 cc who are candidates for surgical treatment. Despite the extremely low incidence of these cases, further investigations are needed to confirm this affirmation. PMID: 26033765 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Voiding syndrome of gynaecological origin: the importance of good physical examination.
CONCLUSIONS: The adhesion of the labia minora is an acquired disease, more frequent in girls under 2 years. Several predisposing factors have been proposed: oestrogen deprivation, inadequate personal care, local irritants, infections or previous trauma. Differential diagnosis is required among three congenital pathologies: vaginal agenesis, imperforated hymen and ambiguous genitalia. Cases in postpubertal or postmenopausal women, or refractory to medical treatment are considered for surgery. PMID: 26033766 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[New horizont in the fight against bacterial resistance].
Authors: Sánchez de Badajoz E PMID: 26102049 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Quality of life in patients with prostate cancer: validation of an instrument for clinical practice.
CONCLUSION: The Spanish version of the EPIC-CP is reliable and valid, so it is a useful tool to measure the quality of life in patients with prostate cancer, as well as the impact of different treatments. PMID: 26102050 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Expression of P504S and matrix metalloproteinase-2 in circulating prostate cells disseminated as a result of transrectal ultrasound guided biopsy as determined by immunocytochemistry: Clinical implications.
CONCLUSIONS: Prostate biopsy causes dissemination of prostate cells into the circulation, both malignant and benign; the majority of them are cleared within 24 hours. There was no conversion of negative to positive result in men with cancer, this suggests that the inherent capacity of malignant CPCs to disseminate is more important than the effect of dissemination caused by prostate biopsy. PMID: 26102051 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Analysis of budgetary impact of moderate and high risk non muscle-invasive bladder cancer by means of neoadjuvant hyperthermia chemotherapy compared to the standard adjuvant treatment with BCG.
CONCLUSIONS: The neoadjuvant treatment with chemo hyperthermia constitutes a cost-effective therapeutic strategy. PMID: 26102052 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging 3T and prostate cancer: correlation with transperineal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the use of MRSI 3T before performing prostate biopsies may represent a valid aid for the urologist in the diagnosis of PCa, allowing them to avoid unnecessary prostate biopsies that may be negative. Furthermore, it would also be possible to reduce the total number of biopsies, thus decreasing patient exposure to the unnecessary risks associated with biopsy. PMID: 26102053 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Vesicovaginal Reflux and Urocolpos.
DISCUSSION: Between 12 to 15% of girls referred to Urological clinics because of urine incontinence present VVR. In the absence of a clear anatomical obstruction, reflux happens as the urine flow encounters a natural obstacle in the labia majora usually in girls that close their legs as they void. Instructions on proper voiding form a key element in the management of VVR, and if not enough, the behavioural modification consists on a reverse position during voiding. PMID: 26102054 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Penile necrosis as clinical presentation of systemic Calciphylaxis: Report of two cases and bibliographic review.
We report two clinical cases treated in our center and perform an evidence review. METHODS: Clinical data was obtained from both patients and an evidence review was performed on PubMed under the criteria "penile necrosis" and "Calciphylaxis". RESULTS: Both patients underwent partial penectomy due to severe penile necrosis. After surgery both patients received treatment with sodium thiosulfate (STS) 20mg in every hemodialysis session. Both patients showed stabilization of necrotic lesions. DISCUSSION: The same way that biopsying the ischemic lesions produced by Calciphylaxis is discussed and ...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Virtual teaching (e-learning) in Pediatric Urology. Master and expert course programme].
CONCLUSIONS: The demand of registrations demonstrates the need and interest of a pediatric Urology training program, through Master and Expert Courses. Virtual Training, e-learning, within the Virtual Campus of the UNIA is viable. This self-learning model is being highly valued by the international alumni. We offer an interesting supplement for continuous education in PU. PMID: 26179788 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Dynamic sentinel node biopsy in penile cancer. Indications, technique and results in a Spanish oncological center.
CONCLUSION: Sentinel node biopsy enables a correct lymph node staging avoiding the morbidity of inguinal lymph node dissection. The rate of technical failure and false negative results is low and it may be considered the diagnostic technique of choice in high and intermediate risk penile cancer with non-palpable lymph nodes. PMID: 26179789 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Influence of learning curve in the diagnosis of prostate cancer by ultrasound guided biopsy.
CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained in our study show that the number of procedures performed, namely surgeon experience, does have an influence to achieve an optimal diagnostic yield in ultrasound guided prostatic biopsies. PMID: 26179790 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Healthcare-associated urinary tract infections in patients with a urinary catheter: Risk factors, microbiological characteristics and patterns of antibiotic resistance.
Authors: Jiménez-Alcaide E, Medina-Polo J, García-González L, Arrébola-Pajares A, Guerrero-Ramos F, Pérez-Cadavid S, Sopeña-Sutil R, Benítez-Sala R, Alonso-Isa M, Lara-Isla A, Passas-Martínez JB, Tejido-Sánchez Á Abstract OBJECTIVE: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are the most common nosocomial acquired infections, with high resistance rates. CAUTIs are a potentially severe complication in hospitalized patients and imply higher costs. Our aim was to analyze the characteristics of CAUTIs in our Urology department. METHODS...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Differences in Prostatic Specific Antigen request patterns in Primary Care setting: A Pilot study in Spain.
CONCLUSION: National and regional policies are necessary to optimize the use of tPSA to detect an early prostate cancer. PMID: 26179792 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Biochemical and histopathological effects on the rat testis after exposure to electromagnetic field during fetal period.
CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that ER exposure throughout embryogenesis may cause reductions in serum total T levels and in the size and weight of the testes of male rats, while causing modest increase in apoptosis. PMID: 26179793 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Is it possible to increase the specificity for the performance of prostatic biopsy in patients with PSA between 4 and 10 ng/ml and free/total PSA ratio < 20%?
Is it possible to increase the specificity for the performance of prostatic biopsy in patients with PSA between 4 and 10 ng/ml and free/total PSA ratio
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Small cell carcinoma of the bladder: Our experience.
CONCLUSIONS: Even when small cell carcinoma of the bladder is a low incidence tumor, its prognosis is worse than that of urothelial carcinoma. Although further randomized studies are needed to best define treatment, this study shows that survival at local stages is optimized by neoadjuvant chemotherapy, followed by radical resection, as the literature suggests. PMID: 26331396 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Long-term adverse effects on bladder filling phase in males submitted to the pelvic radiotherapy.
CONCLUSIONS: The main long-term adverse effect of pelvic radiotherapy on male bladder function during filling is the increased risk of low bladder compliance. PMID: 26331397 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Risk of bias assessment of clinical trials published in iberoamerican urological journals].
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the Cochrane risk of bias tool assessment, most of the published trials do not accomplish an adequate description of the methods. We should also be aware that most of the trials lack an adequate sample size calculation that limits the power of these trials. We recommend better description of the methods for randomization, and increasing the sample size to improve the quality of the trials published in urologic iberoamerican journals. PMID: 26331398 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Endoscopic bladder neck incision as first step in radical prostatectomy: An aid for patients previously treated for Bladder outlet obstruction.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that a previous endoscopic bladder neck incision in patients with previous surgery for BOO makes easier the identification and dissection of the bladder neck itself during radical prostatectomy decreasing the risk of ureteral lesions as well as improving functional outcomes. PMID: 26331399 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Emphysematous cystitis: Report of 2 cases with different outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: Early diagnosis is the cornerstone of the conservative management of the disease. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy may be beneficial due to the improvement in oxygenation of the tissues affected by the disease. PMID: 26331400 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Mitomycin extravasation after postoperative instillation.
CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative mitomycin instillation may have undesirable consequences. The possible problems derived from its administration must be known, and each case must be individualized before administering this chemotherapy. PMID: 26331401 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Comparison of the Biochemical Recurrence risk between Radical Prostatectomy and Brachytherapy in the treatment of low- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer.
Authors: Martínez PF, Belisle DF, Cristallo C, Tobía I, Damia O, Villamil W, Giudice CR Abstract OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the results of patients treated with Radical Prostatectomy (RP) and Brachytherapy for low- and intermediate-risk localized prostate cancer and to determine the Biochemical Recurrence (BCR) risk according to the treatment performed. METHODS: The study included 129 patients treated with iodine-125 seeds Brachytherapy, 98 patients treated with Laparoscopic RP (LRP), and 61 patients treated with Robotic RP (RRP) at our institution between December 1999 and January 2010, who had a lo...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Optimization and improvement of surgical indicators in the urology department of a regional hospital of the ministry of health of the Junta de AndalucĂ­a.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite the limitations of the study, and being a small Department in a district hospital, we observed that optimization of resources, implementation of protocols, and clinical pathways can improve and optimize different indicators of surgical activity. PMID: 26437329 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Thermochemotherapy in adjuvant treatment of primary high risk non muscle invasive bladder cancers: Single center results.
CONCLUSIONS: The obtained data suggest that the TCT method can be used effectively and safely in non-muscle invasive bladder cancers of primary high-risk. Prospective randomized studies will shed light on this subject which are BCG vs TCT in primary high risk patients and second course BCG vs TCT in the BCG insufficient patients. PMID: 26437330 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Testicular epidermoid cyst: A rare entity.
CONCLUSIONS: Testicular epidermoid cysts are an uncommon benign entity. When there is a suspicion of this diagnosis, based on tumor markers and ultrasound or MRI images, testicular parenchyma-sparing surgery must be attempted. PMID: 26437331 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) use in a national health department.
CONCLUSIONS: Even though annually less than 50% of males get PSA petitions in any decade of age, its use is sometimes incorrect, including repeated petitions in a short period of time or in individuals of extreme age. PMID: 26437332 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Metastatic urinary bladder involvement in breast cancer.
CONCLUSIONS: The presence of bladder metastases due to breast cancer is infrequent. The appearance of urinary tract symptoms in these patients requires a diagnostic study in order to rule out metastases. PMID: 26437333 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Assessment and prevalence of urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy: Analysis of a historical series.
CONCLUSIONS: Urinary incontinence is a disease with some prevalence that varies depending on definition. The most common situation was to leak several times a day (42.2%), a small amount (59.1%), using compress (69%) most of incontinents with a mild (0-7: 88.2%) impact on quality of life. Predictive factors were age (65 years) and prostate volume (50cc). The historical changes does not influence over prevalence. PMID: 26530866 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Effects of preventive double-J stent placement in ureteral obstruction treatment with metal stents on animal model.
CONCLUSIONS: Placement of JJ ureteral catheter does not inhibit urothelial hyperplasia associated with placement of metal mesh stents, although it significantly reduces its obstructive severity in long-term follow-up. Urinary tract infection is directly related to the development and magnitude of the urothelial hyperplasia. PMID: 26530867 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

A standardized scoring system in the prediction of success and complications of percutaneous nephrolithotomy: Guy's stone scoring system.
In this study, our aim was to determine the role of Guy's stone scoring system (GSS) in the prediction of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) success and its ability to foresee potential complications in consideration of Clavien grading system (CGS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data of 244 patients who underwent PNL between January 2009 and May 2014 were retrospectively examined. Renal stones were evaluated using GSS with the aid of the patients' preoperative radiological evaluations and their postoperative complications were assessed with CGS. RESULTS: Mean age of the patients (men, n=166; 68% and women, n=78; 32%) w...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Bilateral sporadic synchronous renal clear-cell carcinoma treated by bilateral partial laparoscopic nephrectomy: Report of two cases.
In conclusion, the evaluation of both kidneys with regard to potential synchronous RCC has an utmost importance in the treatment strategy. PMID: 26530869 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

The use of S.T.O.N.E. scale in patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy.
CONCLUSIONS: The S.T.O.N.E. scale applied in our population can predict accurately and easily stone free rate in patients undergoing PCNL. We found no predictive association for this scale on complications. PMID: 26530870 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Editorial Comment of the article: The second kidney transplantation in Spain].
Authors: Rivera R PMID: 26550614 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Bone metastasis of prostatic adenocarcinoma. Image collection.
Authors: Torres-Gómez FJ, Vázquez-Ramírez FJ, Torres-Olivera FJ PMID: 26550615 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Urothelial transitional cell carcinoma located in fossa navicularis.
Authors: Sáez Barranquero F, García del Pino MJ, Del Río González S, Cantero Mellado JA, Herrera Imbroda B, Antuña Calle F, Machuca Santa-Cruz FJ PMID: 26550616 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Pyonephrosis secondary to bladder catheter misplaced in the pelvic ureter.
Authors: Montoya-Chinchilla R, Pietricica B, Ortíz-Morales CM, Rosino-Sánchez A PMID: 26550617 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - December 21, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research