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[Laparoscopic Boari Flap ureteral reimplantation.]
CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic Boari flap ureteral reimplantation is an affective technique for ureteral reconstruction, safe and reproducible, reserved for cases of ureteral pathology in which the distance to bridge between the bladder and the ureteral stump is long. PMID: 28530623 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 24, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Buccal mucosa graft for the treatment of long ureteral stenosis: Bibliographic review.]
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the present review do not justify the universal use of BMG in all ureteral strictures, particularly in the absence of long-term followup, but still provide evidence that BMG can be effectively used in extensive ureteral strictures. PMID: 28530624 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 24, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Robot-assisted and laparoscopic pyeloplasty.]
CONCLUSIONS: In view of published literature, minimally invasive surgery has been postulated as the standard treatment in UPJ stenosis, with superimposable results to open surgery. The high cost of robotic approach limits its use in this type of pathology. PMID: 28530625 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 24, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Robotic kidney transplantation.]
CONCLUSIONS: Robotic renal transplantation is a feasible surgical technique with interesting functional results. As a minimally invasive route, it is a promising option to reduce the surgical morbidity inherent to the renal transplant. PMID: 28530626 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 24, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Laparoscopic treatment of retroperitoneal fibrosis.]
Authors: Hernández Fernández C, Subirá Rios D, Moralejo Gárate M, Rodríguez Fernández E, Caño Velasco J, Herranz Amo F Abstract OBJECTIVES: Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a disease that may condition a severe involvement of various organs, mainly upper urinary tract, even causing renal insufficiency. It was first described by Albarran in 1905 and it is also known as Ormonds disease. The correct diagnosis includes, in many cases, the performance of one or more tests: CT scan, MRI, renal scan, etc. It is often necessary the insertion of double J catheters on percutaneous ...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 24, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Mini-laparoscopic pyeloplasty.]
CONCLUSIONS: More reported series are necessary but it has been proved that minilap pyeloplasty is a reproducible and safe technique with excellent results. PMID: 28530628 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 24, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Laparoendoscopic single site (LESS) ureteral reimplantation.]
CONCLUSIONS: LESS ureteral reimplantation, in our initial experience, shows a low complication rate, similar to current laparoscopic series, offering less postoperative pain and abdominal wall aggression with great cosmetic results that are perceived by patients very positively, in addition to rapid recovery and return to normal daily life. PMID: 28530629 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 24, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Laparoscopic management of ureteroileal stenosis: Long term follow up.]
CONCLUSION: Based on our series with 5 year follow up, the laparoscopic approach for uretero-ileal anastomosis strictures is feasible and safe. PMID: 28530630 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 24, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Editorial: Urinary tract laparoscopic reconstructive surgery.]
Authors: Castillón-Vela IT PMID: 28530631 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 24, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Values and significances of the XX Century Medicine.]
Authors: Miguelez Lago C PMID: 28422033 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - April 21, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Endocrine disruptors and prostate cancer.
CONCLUSIONS: The problem with these toxic agents is that their peculiarities and way of acting over time make their study difficult. Nonetheless, research must be encouraged given their importance. PMID: 28422034 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - April 21, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[New therapeutic schedules of Sunitinib: Current evidence regarding the 2:1 scheme.]
CONCLUSIONS: Despite the still limited amount of data, current evidence supports the use of a 2:1 schedule, as it provides patients substantial advantages because of its better tolerability profile, without a loss in oncological efficacy. Currently, the 2:1 scheme is an appropriate alternative therapeutic strategy, especially in patients with poor tolerance to the standard 4:2 regimen. PMID: 28422035 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - April 21, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Physicochemical factors of the urine of children with hypercalciuria.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that children with hypercalciuria without lithiasis associated show an increase in natriuresis, phosphaturia, uricosuria, magnesuria and citraturia. We found no differences between these urinary abnormalities when compared hypercalciuric children without lithiasis with those with hypercalciuria and urolithiasis. PMID: 28422036 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - April 21, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Ureteral meatotomy as an option in the management of primary obstructive megaureter in neonates and infants.
CONCLUSIONS: Ureteral meatotomy is a safe and effective technique in the initial treatment of POM in patients aged less than one year. PMID: 28422037 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - April 21, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Treatment of urachal disorders: The open and laparoscopic surgery approach.
CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic removal of urachal remnants is a safe and reproducible technique. PMID: 28422038 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - April 21, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Urinary tract lymphoepithelial carcinoma. Report of two cases and bibliographic review.]
CONCLUSIONS: We emphasize the clinical importance involved in the diagnosis of this entity. The diagnosis influence the aggressiveness of treatment and disease-specific survival. Therefore, concomitant transitional cell carcinoma defines the prognosis. The role of immunohistochemical staining is fundamental, allowing us to confirm the presence of the epithelial component. PMID: 28422039 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - April 21, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Carcinoma of the penis.
Authors: Menéndez López V, Hernández Pozo H, Urmeneta Sanroma JM, Díaz Cárdenas D, Castells Puñet H, Fernández Zuazu J PMID: 28422040 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - April 21, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Image diagnosis of emphysematous cystitis.
Authors: Pascual Fernández A, Pesquera Ortega L, Calleja Escudero J, Cortiñas González JR PMID: 28422041 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - April 21, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Synchronous penoscrotal implantation of penile prosthesis and artificial urinary sphincter after radical prostatectomy.
CONCLUSION: Synchronous implantation of PP and AUSP is a safe and effective treatment option for patients with severe ED and moderate to severe UI after RP. PMID: 28422042 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - April 21, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Recurrent urinary tract infections: prevention of recurrence with intravesical instillations of chondroitin sulfate and hyaluronic acid.]
DISCUSSION: Patients included in the protocol of instillation improved significantly their quality of life; in addition, to a considerable extent new urinary infections were not presented, being milder when they presented. PMID: 28300032 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - March 19, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Current status of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in urinary lithiasis.]
Authors: Pereira-Arias JG, Gamarra-Quintanilla M, Urdaneta-Salegui LF, Mora-Christian JA, Sánchez-Vazquez A, Astobieta-Odriozola A, Ibarluzea-González G Abstract Over the last decade, urinary lithiasis' prevalence has dramatically increased due to diet and lifestyle changes, growing 10.6% and 7.1% in men and women respectively. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy has lost relevance in current practice due to endoscopic device development and unpredictability of results. Instrument miniaturization is leading to an increase of the percutaneous approach of increasingly smaller stones, while most flexib...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - March 19, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Epidemiology of urolithiasis in Spain: Review of published demographic data in the period 1977-2016.]
CONCLUSIONS: The comprehensive review of studies on epidemiology in Spain constitutes a solid basis for future research about epidemiology of urolithiasis. PMID: 28300034 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - March 19, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Emphisematous cystitis with multiorganic embolism: Case report.]
CONCLUSIONS: Emphysematous cystitis is a rare condition but potentially severe. Prognosis depends on a rapid diagnosis and treatment. PMID: 28300035 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - March 19, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Inflammatory myofibroblastic genitourinary tumor: The challenge of controlling and monitoring an non frequent oncological disease.]
CONCLUSION: This entity must be considered as a true malignant neoplasm with aggressive local behavior. The gold standard management is complete surgical resection, with low recurrence rate after it. A new oncological monitoring scheme is proposed, upon the lack of an active surveillance algorithm after treatment. PMID: 28300036 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - March 19, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Obesity and kidney disease: Hidden consequences of the epidemic.
Authors: Kovesdy CP, Furth S, Zoccali C Abstract Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence has been projected to grow by 40% in the next decade. This increasing prevalence has implications for the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and also for Chronic Kidney Disease. A high body mass index is one of the strongest risk factors for new-onset Chronic Kidney Disease. In individuals affected by obesity, a compensatory hyperfiltration occurs to meet the heightened metabolic demands of the increased body weight. The increase in intraglomerular pressure can damage the kidneys and raise the risk of ...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - March 19, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Multicystic segmentary renal displasia associated to ureterocele and simple renal cysts in a newborn.
Authors: Tardáguila Calvo AR, Parente Hernandez A, Angulo Madero JM, Romero Ruiz RM, Rivas Vila S PMID: 28300038 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - March 19, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Retroperitoneal hydatid cyst.
Authors: De la Cruz-Ruiz M, Bonarriba CR, Lloret Fluxa J, Campodonico Opazo D, Soriano-Rodríguez T, Ruiz-Plazas X, De Oleza Simo J PMID: 28300039 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - March 19, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Urinary lithiasis: From Stone formation to treatment and prevention.]
Authors: Galán Llopis JA PMID: 28221137 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Epidemiology of urinary lithiasis in Spain: New scenarios.]
Authors: Carrasco Valiente J, Gómez Gómez E, Requena Tapia MJ Abstract Renal lithiasis is one of the most common disorders in modern society, constituting an important health problem that associates a great economic burden. The nature of stone disease varies according to age and sex, being also influenced by dietary and lifestyle factors, and climatic variations among others. In spite of the advances made in the management of this pathology, it continues being a disease with a high recurrence rate. In recent years, several studies have pointed out that its prevalence is rising especially in developed ...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

How do stones form? Is unification of theories on stone formation possible?
Authors: Bird VY, Khan SR Abstract There are two basic pathways for formation of calcium based kidney stones. Most idiopathic calcium oxalate (CaOx) stones are formed in association with sub-epithelial plaques of calcium phosphate (CaP), known as Randall's plaques, on renal papillary surfaces. Crystal formation and retention within the terminal collecting ducts, the ducts of Bellini, leading to the formation of Randall's plugs, is the other pathway. Both pathways require supersaturation leading to crystallization, regulated by various crystallization modulators produced in response to changing urinary conditions. H...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Urinary lithiasis as a systemic disease.]
Authors: Leanez Jiménez M, Candau Vargas-Zúñiga F, Reina Ruiz C Abstract Urinary lithiasis is a prevalent disorder of uncertain origin which provokes health problems through potential harm to the urinary system, renal parenchyma or the body as a whole, with a frequent trend to relapse. Historically urinary calculi have been studied and treated as an isolated disease but nowadays we know more about their connection with other pathological entities. In a small percentage of patients, diseases like primary hyperparathyroidism, tubular renal acidosis, inflammatory bowel disease or bariatric surgery...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Etiopathogenic factors of the different types of urinary litiasis.]
Authors: Arrabal-Martín M, Cano-García MC, Arrabal-Polo MÁ, Domínguez-Amillo A, Canales-Casco N, de la Torre-Trillo J, Cózar-Olmo JM Abstract In this review, we analyze the etiopathogenic principles of urinary lithiasis formation. In the kidney, calcifications that may cause renal lithiasis are produced as a consequence of processes that injury the urothelium at the papilla and Bellini's ducts. With the improvement of imaging techniques, mainly micro CT scan, it is possible to detect them and we may be able to anticipate to the formation of lithiasis. As we well know, there are di...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Diagnosis and radiological follow up of urinary lithiasis.]
The objective of this article is to review the imaging pathway for comprehensive stone management. PMID: 28221142 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Metabolic study. How to make it accessible, useful and generalized.]
Authors: Lancina Martín JA Abstract Risk factors should be evaluated in all patients with urinary lithiasis. The kind of evaluation, simplified or extended, depends on stone composition and, in patients with calcium lithiasis, on the clinical presentation. These studies are done in an outpatient regimen, are easy to perform and accessible for most laboratories. Patients with uric acid, infectious and cystine stones only require a selective more abbreviated evaluation. In calcium lithiasis we perform an extended metabolic evaluation in recurrent patients and also in singleepisode patients when they have high ...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[May renal lithiasis be really prevented? New trends and therapeutic tools.]
Authors: Grases F, Costa-Bauzá A, Prieto RM Abstract Renal calculi are generally formed as a result of the combination of certain factors, some related to urine composition (concentration of lithogenic substances, deficiency of crystallization inhibitors, presence of heterogeneous nucleants) and others with renal morphology and anatomy (urinary tract stasis, low urodynamic efficiency cavities, morpho-anatomic deformations, renal papillary tissue lesions). In fact, the composition, macrostructure and microstructure of the calculus will clearly depend on the factors that have induced it. For this reason, the a...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Diet in the lithiasic patient: A practical guide.]
Authors: Arzoz Fàbregas M, Ibarz-Servio L, Freixa Sala R, Colomer Gallardo A, Alves Oliveira M Abstract The incidence and prevalence of lithiasic disease in developed countries has increased over the last years. Being diet one of the risk factors for urolithiasis, and having it evolved in conjunction with lifestyle over the last decades, such changes could explain the increase in lithiasis case-load. In this article, we analyze how the exercise of the urologist has been regarding the preventive role of diet in the lithiasis patient, what are the scientific evidences on the relationship of diet and lithiasis,...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[New strategies and protocols in SWL.]
CONCLUSIONS: Extracorporeal lithotripsy is still an effective and minimally invasive treatment, and it has an important role in the treatment of urolithiasis. New treatment strategies are being developed to increase the effectiveness with a similar safety profile. PMID: 28221146 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Update in the management of ureteral lithiasis: Semirigid and flexible ureterorenoscopy.]
CONCLUSIONS: Semirigid ureterorenoscopy enables the elimination of ureteral lithiasis on a major ambulatory surgery regimen with an acceptable complication rate and a low rate of ancillary measures. Flexible ureteroscopy has resolved intrarenal lithiasis of up to 2 cm, being a substitute for percutaneous nephrolithotomy for these cases. PMID: 28221147 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[MicroURS. Is it a technique to stay?]
Authors: Caballero-Romeu JP, Galán-Llopis JA Abstract Micro-ureteroscopy is a novel technique derived from the need to reduce the morbidity associated with conventional ureteroscopy. Reducing morbidity, we will be able to improve quality of life of patients, for example, by shortening the times to elimination of the stones. In this article the authors intend to expose the different applications of micro ureteroscopy as well as the incipient scientific evidence on the topic. PMID: 28221148 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Technique, minimal requirements and fragmentation strategies in RIRS.
Authors: Cansino Alcaide JR, Portilla Eastmond A Abstract Flexible ureteroscopy is a highly resolving surgery which is able to solve most renal lithiasis of any Urology Department, with very low economic impact. It is a technique that has helped to continue treatment when SWL couldn't, and also has reduced the number of percutaneous renal surgeries that we currently perform. In this paper, we try review three important features of the operation: Technique, minimal requirements that we need to perform this surgery in a Urology Department, and the different possibilities to treat the lithiasis with holmium laser. We ...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Current results of RIRS and comparison with PCNL.]
CONCLUSIONS: RIRS is a safe and effective technique, with a similar success rate to PCNL if one assumes the possibility of retreatment in stones>2cm. Its low complication rate, fast postoperative recovery and short hospital stay make this technique a therapeutic alternative to PCNL in this type of patients. Compared with percutaneous techniques less invasive than classical 24 to 30 Ch. accesses (miniperc or microperc), RIRS offers a higher stone free rate. If we also consider that RIRS is associated with shorter hospital stay and lower bleeding risk, even without significant differences in the global complication rate w...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Techniques for percutaneous access during percutaneous nephrolithotomy.]
The objective of the puncture is to try to access the excretory system through the renal papilla, minimizing the risk of bleeding. The puncture may be guided by ultrasound, fluoroscopy, both, under endoscopic or laparoscopic control, by CT scan or MRI, or even by application of new technologies (Robotic, augmented reality, electromagnetic navigation,...). Due to the versatility and independence involved in having the ability to perform the renal puncture in the operative room, as well as its influence in the results of PCNL, it must be the urologist himself who performs this basic step of percutaneous surgery. The tract ma...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL): Conditions for a safe performance.]
CONCLUSIONS: PCNL offers the possibility of endoscopic extraction of renal lithiasis, regardless of its volume, density or site, but its success, safety and efficiency are closely linked to the possibility of establishment of an appropriate tract that enables manipulation and total extraction of the calculus. PMID: 28221152 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Ultra-mini PNL (UMP): Material, indications, technique, advantages and results.
Authors: Desai JD Abstract Stone disease has afflicted mankind since centuries; records from ancient civilisations of India and Egypt have shown stones in human bodies. The scientific mind of humans has always made smart endeavours to remove the kidney stones. From large instruments made like the beaks of different animals and birds in 600 BC (Indian civilisation) to extremely sophisticated and miniaturised endoscopic intruments of today the human race has travelled a long way. The theme has always been to remove the stones with minimal morbidity and mortality and with minimum pain to the patient. The article takes...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Prospective outcomes of 11-13Ch. ultra-mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy (UMP): A consecutive cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: UMP for 10-20mm stones appears to be effective and safe with few complications and a short length of stay. Further multicentre studies are required but if confirmed, UMP may be a valuable addition to the armamentarium of the endourologist. PMID: 28221154 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Super-mini PCNL (SMP): Material, indications, technique, advantages and results.
CONCLUSIONS: SMP are suited for stones less than 2.5 cm in size. It is also suited for special situations such as pediatric moderate-sized stones, previously failed SWL or RIRS approaches. It has advantages of a shorter operative time and hospital stays, with a largely reduction use of drainage catheter after procedure. The indications of the SMP may also compete with those of SWL and RIRS. PMID: 28221155 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[MicroPerc: Fashion or reality.]
Authors: Cepeda M, Amón JH Abstract Miniaturization in percutaneous surgery has seen its zenith in microperc. Technological advances have enabled us to treat renal lithiasis through a 4.8 Ch. caliper percutaneous access. According to published literature, the technique is reproducible and when applied to small and medium size renal lithiasis has a high success rate keepin a low complication rate. Its main advantage is the absence of tract dilatation, diminishing the bleeding risk inherent to percutaneous access, postoperative pain and hospital stay. Nevertheless, it presents a series of technical limitations...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Minimally invasive PCNL-MIP.
Authors: Zanetti SP, Boeri L, Gallioli A, Talso M, Montanari E Abstract Miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mini-PCNL) has increased in popularity in recent years and is now widely used to overcome the therapeutic gap between conventional PCNL and less-invasive procedures such as shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) or flexible ureterorenoscopy (URS) for the treatment of renal stones. However, despite its minimally invasive nature, the superiority in terms of safety, as well as the similar efficacy of mini-PCNL compared to conventional procedures, is still under debate. The aim of this chapter is to present one of t...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Urinary lithiasis treatment by laparoscopy. Combined techniques.]
The objective of this article is to review the different indications for open and/or laparoscopic treatment of urinary lithiasis, to achieve its complete elimination with the less invasive possible means and trying to minimize the number of secondary procedures as well as complications. PMID: 28221158 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

What should we do with residual fragments.
CONCLUSION: The best and the easiest way to deal with residual fragments is preventing their occurrence. Although asymptomatic residual fragments can be safely followed up, symptomatic fragments should be promptly treated. Several modifications and modalities are currently available to treat the fragments occurring after different treatment options. PMID: 28221159 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research