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[Focal Laser Ablation and Photodynamic Vascular Therapy with soluble TOOKAD ® in the treatment of low risk prostate cancer].
This article reviews the preclinical and clinical development of these innovative ablative techniques in the field of focal therapy for low risk prostate cancer. PMID: 27416636 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 22, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Monogr áfico Terapia Focal en Cáncer de Próstata].
[Monográfico Terapia Focal en Cáncer de Próstata]. Arch Esp Urol. 2016 Jul;69(6):257-9 Authors: Sánchez-Salas R, Linares Espinós E PMID: 27416642 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 22, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Imaging diagnosis in Focal Therapy for prostate cancer: Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging].
Authors: Lista Mateos F, Castillo Gallo E Abstract The use of prostatic multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) has increased significantly over the last years, and has emerged as a crucial test for diagnosis, staging and treatment of prostate cancer (PCa). The use of the various available sequences (T2W, T1W, diffusion, perfusion and spectroscopy), as well as the different parameters they associate, not only enables to determine the group of patients subsidiary of focal ablative therapy, but also to perform a proper determination of the áreas to treat, as well as to monitor the development of therapy and to evaluate bo...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 17, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Focal Laser Ablation and Photodynamic Vascular Therapy with soluble TOOKAD® in the treatment of low risk prostate cancer].
This article reviews the preclinical and clinical development of these innovative ablative techniques in the field of focal therapy for low risk prostate cancer. PMID: 27416636 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 17, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Localized prostate cancer Focal Therapy: "A la carte" Model].
We present the criteria the "a la carte" model is based on, supported by the published evidence on the use of different ablative therapies for the treatment of localized prostate cancer. Lesion localization, technical characteristics of each type of energy, patient's profile and secondary effects must be considered in every choice of focal therapy. PMID: 27416638 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 17, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Monográfico Terapia Focal en Cáncer de Próstata].
[Monográfico Terapia Focal en Cáncer de Próstata]. Arch Esp Urol. 2016 Jul;69(6):257-9 Authors: Sánchez-Salas R, Linares Espinós E PMID: 27416642 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 17, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Low and intermediate risk prostate cancer: Treatment options].
Authors: Miñana-López B, Reina-Alcaina L, Rivero-Guerra A, Rosino-Sánchez A, Izquierdo-Morejón E, Pietricica B Abstract Patients with low and intermediate risk prostate cancer are the most frequently diagnosed group currently. In those with a life expectancy inferior to 10 years it is highly likely that treatment is not necessary so that observation must be the most appropriate approach. In patients in whom active therapy, in any of its forms, is indicated, it is necessary to balance between risk of dying or developing metastases from the disease and adverse effects of commonly accepted ...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 17, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Changing the prostate cancer management pathway: why Focal Therapy is a step forward.
Authors: Marra G, Gontero P, Valerio M Abstract Prostate Cancer (PCa) remains an exception among solid cancers since organ-sparing procedures are not considered as a standard option. Despite most men harbour low to intermediate risk disease at diagnosis, the vast majority are advised towards radical treatment. We performed a literature review to highlight and discuss why focal therapy (FT) would represent a feasible and attractive option in appropriately selected men. The rationale supporting this strategy relies in epidemiological, pathological, molecular and clinical findings. These include the shift towards the ...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 16, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Imaging modalities in Focal Therapy: Multiparametric Ultrasound.
CONCLUSION: Several US modalities have been successfully applied as a viable alternative to monitor tissue destruction during and after treatment. In view of the advantages of US and the promising results of a multiparametric approach in PCa detection and localization, researchers are urged to further investigate mpUS for therapeutic purposes. PMID: 27416631 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 16, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Prostate biopsies: Available technique, approaches and diagnostic accuracy.
Authors: Reddy BN, Bessede T, Reddy A, Nair S, Tewari AK, Rastinehad AR Abstract Despite advances in the diagnosis of prostate cancer over the past century, it remains a leading cause of cancer related death. A recent recommendation against screening has further complicated the diagnosis and management of this condition. It remains to be demonstrated if newer diagnostic modalities will have an impact on mortality rates. Most certainly, not all prostate cancers need to be diagnosed, and methods of accurately diagnosing those cancers that lead to death needs more work. In this review article, we describe the differen...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 16, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

High intensity focused ultrasound for Focal Therapy of prostate cancer.
Authors: Sivaraman A Abstract High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) is a heat based energy source used for tissue ablation. HIFU has several clinical applications and prostate cancer ablation is one of the uses that have been explored for more than a decade. Focal therapy is an alternative treatment option for selected patients with low/intermediate PCa, that is based on complete ablation of tumor within the prostate with preservation of normal parenchyma and better preservation of Genitourinary functions. In spite of PCa being predominantly a multi-centric disease, it is postulated that a specific dominant (lar...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 16, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Focal Cryotherapy for Localized Prostate Cancer.
CONCLUSION: Focal cryotherapy for localized prostate cancer is a safe and provides good preservation of sexual and urinary function. Accurate cancer localization and risk stratification is key to patient selection. In highly selected patients, focal therapy has good short to medium term oncological efficacy. PMID: 27416635 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 16, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Irreversible electroporation, a new modality in Focal Therapy for prostate cancer.
Authors: Scheltema MJ, van den Bos W, Wagstaff PG, Postema AW, de Bruin DM, Laguna Pes MP, de la Rosette JJ Abstract The extensive use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing and improved imaging technologies have resulted in an increased diagnosis of prostate cancer. Early diagnosis is often accompanied by an increased number of localized (i.e. unifocal or unilateral), small-volume and low-grade prostate cancers. Focal therapy is an emerging treatment option in prostate cancer, targeting individual cancer areas while sparing important functional and anatomical urological structures. Irreversible electroporation...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 16, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Focalyx Dx, Bx, Tx et Apps: A novel contemporary fusion paradigm for the management of prostate cancer.
Authors: Bianco FJ, Martínez-Salamanca JI Abstract FocalyxTM conceived as a response to emerging evidence data across numerous cancer lesions that questions current standard treatment approaches that too often lead to detrimental quality of life yet delivering limited survival benefit, especially in-lieu of advances in imaging technology applicable to cancer patients. The Focalyx paradigm aims to control cancer with improvement in quality of life. We initially devised 5 milestones: 1- Consistently optimize Prostate MRI imaging using the novel published protocols adopted as guidelines by societies such as the...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 16, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Surveillance following Focal Therapy interventions.
CONCLUSION: Stringent follow-up after FT is required to confirm oncologic safety of the individual patient. Standardized data gathering and data pooling is necessary to evaluate whether FT can live up to its promise of improving functional outcomes while maintaining oncological safety. PMID: 27416640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 16, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Prostate cancer recurrence after Focal Therapy: Treatment options.
Authors: Hamid S, Guillaumier S, Shah T, Arya M, Ahmed HU Abstract Focal therapy is a novel treatment option in localised prostate cancer with or without a visible lesion on MRI. Treatment for low to intermediate risk prostate cancer with focal therapy has demonstrated good short to medium term outcomes with fewer undesirable genitourinary side effects. This has made focal therapy more appealing to men who find the implications of radical treatment unacceptable or are unable to tolerate active surveillance. In this paper we review the literature for treatment options in prostate cancer recurrence post focal therapy...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 16, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Complication of a bilateral ileal ureteral replacement].
Authors: Valsero-Herguedas ME, Pascual-Samaniego M, Pascual-Fernández Á, Bedate-Núñez M, Pesquera-Ortega L, Cortiñas-González JR PMID: 27403469 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 14, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Nutcracker syndrome].
Authors: Sierra Labarta CR, Ibáñez Muñoz D, Sánchez Zalabardo D, de Pablo Cárdenas Á, Cuesta Alcalá JÁ PMID: 27403471 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 14, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Advanced stage fibrosarcoma of the spermatic cord].
Authors: Pascual-Samaniego M, Valsero-Herguedas ME, Pesquera-Ortega L, Bedate-Núñez M, Torrecilla-García Ripoll JR, Cortiñas-González JR PMID: 27390803 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 10, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Bladder urothelial fracture in interstitial cystitis hydrodistention(IC) and painful bladder syndrome (PBS)].
Authors: González Enguita C, González López R, Simón Rodríguez C, Charry Gónima P, Jacome Pita FX, Rodríguez Castro PM PMID: 27390804 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 10, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Palpable undescended testicle: Surgical treatment by pre-scrotal incision Bianchi's Technique].
CONCLUSIONS: This is a easy technique, which presents good surgical results, with minimum surgical complications, its short, medium and long term results are excellent and with a great aesthetic appearence. PMID: 27291556 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - June 14, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Evaluation of the empty bladder stress test in supine position as a marker of severity and quality of life in women with stress urinary incontinence].
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with SUI and positive empty bladder stress test had a strong association with the objective and subjective perception of urine incontinence severity with a negative impact in patients quality of life. PMID: 27291557 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - June 14, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Comparing the short-term outcomes and complications of monopolar and bipolar transurethral resection of non-muscle invasive bladder cancers: a prospective, randomized, controlled study.
CONCLUSIONS: Bipolar TURBT had significantly lower obturator jerk and bladder perforation than monopolar. B- TURBT is a reasonable treatment modality in patients with NMIBC. PMID: 27291558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - June 14, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Paratesticular sarcoma: An infrequent genitourinary tumor].
CONCLUSIONS: Malignant paratesticular sarcomas are infrequent neoplasias in urology. It is essential that the urologist is aware of this possibility when faced with a paratesticular tumor, since radicalness of surgery will be the most decisive factor in the success of the treatment. Adjuvant therapies must be individualized in each case, and the follow-up after surgery should be close, given the poor evolution of these tumors in many cases. PMID: 27291559 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - June 14, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistula: 3 new cases and review of literature.
CONCLUSION: Congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistula is frequently located in subcoronal level and usually a normal urethra distal to it. Physical examination is important to detect additional anomalies. Success rates are high with primary repair techniques. PMID: 27291560 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - June 14, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Perception of pain in flexible cystoscopy using intraurethral lidocaine.
CONCLUSION: The use of local anesthetic as a lubricant prior to flexible cystoscopy does not appear to reduce pain, and we consider that its routine use is not indicated. PMID: 27291561 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - June 14, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Ethics in scientific original papers review].
Authors: Pellicé i Vilalta C PMID: 27243076 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - June 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Not Available].
Authors: Fariñas RO PMID: 27243077 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - June 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) of the kidney in a patient with Cowden's syndrome].
Authors: Jiménez Parra JD, García DG, Varas LT, Calvo JJ PMID: 27243078 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - June 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Renal injury grade IV: laceration and secondary urinoma. Conservative management].
Authors: Saez-Barranquero F, Herrera-Imbroda B, Sanchez-Soler N, Carmona-Sanchez EI, Castillo-Gallardo E, Machuc Santa-Cruz FJ PMID: 27243079 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - June 1, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Oncological results in high grade prostate cancer treated surgically.
Authors: Aguilera A, Alonso-Dorrego JM, Bañuelos B, Cisneros J, González P, Díez J Abstract OBJECTIVES: Prostate cancer is considered a tumour with a long natural history. However, its highrisk variants exhibit variable behaviour. We analyse the factors that affect BR and CSS (multivariate, Kaplan Meier). METHODS: From 1997 to 2013, 657 patients were operated of a high-grade prostate cancer (pT2b 7.2%, pT3a 73%, pT3b 18.3%, pT4 1.5%). Gleason score was ≥8 in 23% of cases. Percentage of PSMs was 46.1%. Mean follow-up was 113 months (24-192). RESULTS: BR occurred in 36.5%. Patients with Gleason score
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 27, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Usefulness of urodynamics in the treatment of mixed urinary incontinence in women with suburethral slings.
CONCLUSION: We demonstrated worst results in MUI in patients with urinary incontinence undergoing SS. The urodynamic study gives a better prognosis reliability in the treatment of female urinary incontinence with SS. PMID: 27225054 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 27, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Practical refinaments in simplified laparoscopic pyeloplasty].
CONCLUSIONS: The LP is a feasible and safe technique for the surgical correction of UPJO, and maneuvers presented in this study simplify the procedure and may be applied in other laparoscopic procedures. PMID: 27225055 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 27, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

The effect of asymptomatic histological prostatitis on sexual function and lower urinary tract symptoms.
Authors: Urkmez A, Yuksel OH, Uruc F, Akan S, Yildirim C, Sahin A, Verit A Abstract OBJECTIVE: Prostatitis affects 10-14% of men of all ages and ethnicities. More than 50% of the men experience episodes of prostatitis at one time of their lives. Patients with CP typically have longlasting genitourinary/pelvic pain and obstructive and/or irritative voiding symptoms. Sexual dysfunction and psychological symptoms are frequently added to these symptoms. We also investigated the relationship between sexual functions, and lower urinary system symptoms, and asymptomatic histological prostatitis detected on transrectal ult...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 27, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Hematologic neoplasms with testicular involvement.
CONCLUSIONS: Currently the mortality rate in cases of relapse of hematologic malignancy in the testicle has declined despite the sharp rise in its incidence. This is because of, as in our case, early diagnosis and the combined use of chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery. This has been achieved through an interdisciplinary collaboration of urologists, hematologists, oncologists and radiotherapists. PMID: 27225057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 27, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma metastasized by a breast ductal carcinoma.
CONCLUSIONS: Awareness of this phenomenon should always be kept in mind by urologist in patients with a known history of a previous malignancy and by pathologists when finding a renal tumor with an unusual or dimorphic morphology. Immunohistochemistry plays an important role to establish the exact diagnosis. PMID: 27225058 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 27, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Evolution of urinary lithiasis composition in a Spanish health care area over the last four decades.
Authors: Martín-Way DA, Puche-Sanz I, Pascual-Geler M, Vázquez-Alonso F, Flores-Martín JF, Cózar-Olmo JM Abstract OBJECTIVE: To provide an updated epidemiological description of urinary lithiasis in a health area in the Western hemisphere over the past four decades. METHODS: 2704 urinary lithiases analysed in our institution between 1980 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. They were analyzed using polarized light microscopy, and in the case this method had questionable results we used X-ray diffraction. The variables collected were the lithiasis chemical composition (oxalates, ph...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - May 27, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

The fasting calcium/creatinine ratio in patients with calcium stones and the relation with hypercalciuria and phosphocalcium metabolism.
CONCLUSION: Increased fasting calcium/creatinine determines increased 24 hours calcium excretion, although the sensitivity and specificity to determine hypercalciuria is not high. PMID: 27068369 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - April 14, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Cold ischemia and renal graft survival: A paired analysis comparing first and second grafts from the same donor.
Authors: Puche-Sanz I, Flores-Martín JF, Vázquez-Alonso F, Expósito-Ruiz M, Bravo-Soto J, Vicente-Prados J, Cózar-Olmo JM Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the characteristics, clinical course, and survival of pairs of renal grafts from the same donor, with special interest in cold ischemia times (CIT) as a risk factor for graft survival. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed paired grafts originating from the same cadaver donor from our prospectively recorded database of kidney transplants, from 1987 to 2015. We selected and divided them into two groups depending on whether they corresp...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - April 14, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Ventral corpora cavernosa corporoplasty for the treatment of severe penile incurvation in Pediatric Urology].
Authors: Mieles Cerchar MJ, Gosalbez Rafel R, Miguélez Lago C Abstract Hypospadias is a congenital pathology of the male genitalia that we diagnose and treat more every day. Due to an increase of case load we must have at hand a large quantity of surgical techniques for its correct treatment. Ventral corporoplasty of the corpora cavernosa is one of them that will help us to successfully treat the most severe cases within this variety which is the pathology itself. We performed a prospective study in Malaga, Spain between 2010-2015. We review the technic and its indications, and the authors personal series wi...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - April 14, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Renal hemorrhage after ESWL: From small hematoma to renal blowout.
CONCLUSIONS: Even though hemorrhage is an infrequent complication after ESWL, it should be suspected when the patient presents compatible clinical symptoms, since even though most cases are resolved in a conservative manner, on some occasions specific treatments for the hemorrhage are necessary. Old age and the presence of vascular comorbidities seem to be related to a higher risk of hemorrhage after ESWL. PMID: 27068372 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - April 14, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Prostatic biopsy: From organ biopsy to lesion biopsy. The role of MRI and MRI based biopsy systems].
CONCLUSIONS: Multiparametric MRI is already an essential test in diagnostic algorithms for prostate cancer and the systems that enable to biopsy the lesion identified are day by day a more integrated tool in the urological daily practice, and urological procedures that will enable a more precise diagnosis leading to a personalized treatment for each patient. PMID: 27068373 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - April 14, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Other radiological lesions of the Lower Urinary Tract in patients after isolated pelvic radiotherapy and combined with surgery.
Authors: Méndez Rubio S, Salinas Casado J, Vírseda Chamorro M, Gutiérrez Martín P, Esteban Fuertes M, Moreno Sierra J Abstract INTRODUCTION: The cystographic study of patients who have undergone radiotherapy (RT) and pelvic surgeries is uncommon in the literature, not described in patients without complications, and mostly related to urinary fistulae. OBJECTIVE: The study of the lower urinary tract (LUT) by cystography in these patients, with a description of some other types of radiation lesions. METHODS: 127 cystographies have been performed (88 men and 39 women) in consecutive...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - March 11, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Comparative study for the efficacy and safety of percutaneous nefhrolithotomy (PCNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for the treatment of 2-3,5 cm kidney stones.
CONCLUSION: RIRS was found to be a safe and efficient procedure with a short hospital stay. Overall, RIRS can be considered as an alternative to PCNL for the treatment of renal stones smaller than 3.5 cm. PMID: 26959965 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - March 11, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Folic acid: Primary prevention of neural tube defects. Literature Review].
Authors: Llamas Centeno MJ, Miguélez Lago C Abstract Neural tube defects (NTD) are the most common congenital malformations of the nervous system, they have a multifactorial etiology, are caused by exposure to chemical, physical or biological toxic agents, factors deficiency, diabetes, obesity, hyperthermia, genetic alterations and unknown causes. Some of these factors are associated with malnutrition by interfering with the folic acid metabolic pathway, the vitamin responsible for neural tube closure. Its deficit produce anomalies that can cause abortions, stillbirths or newborn serious injuries that cause ...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - March 11, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Scrotal tumors.
CONCLUSIONS: Scrotal lesions in the elderly should be excised and submitted for pathological examination. The basal cell carcinoma of the scrotum appears as a plaque, nodule or ulcer. Long-term surveillance is recommended for these patients. Leiomyoma of the scrotum is presented as a non-ulcerative nodule and his treatment is complete surgical excision. PMID: 26959967 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - March 11, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Dermatological side effects of intravesical Mitomycin C: Delayed hypersensitivity.
CONCLUSIONS: Contact dermatitis of non-allergic origin is a common side effect described in many instances in the literature, on the other hand exists dermatitis secondary to delayed hypersensitivity type IV much less common, requiring treatment with corticosteroids. PMID: 26959968 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - March 11, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Use of urinary concentrations in mg/dl in relation to absolute values in 24-hour samples for the evaluation of lithogenic factors in stone forming patients.
Authors: Arrabal-Polo MA, Cano-García MC, Hidalgo-Agullo G, Roletto-Salmo L Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze urine concentrations (mg/dl) of different lithogenic factors in a sample of 24 h as a predictor of these changes rather than absolute values depend on the volume of diuresis. METHODS: A total of 131 patients from the North Almeria Health Management Area (Spain) with urinary calstone disease in whom a metabolic study was indicated were included from June 2014 to May 2015. The concentrations of calcium, oxalate, uric acid, citrate and magnesium were measured in the urine, and ...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - March 11, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Prostatic specific antigen. From its early days until becoming a prostate cancer biomarker.
Authors: Dellavedova T Abstract Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) has been since the mid 80's the most commonly used biomarker for measuring current and future risk of prostate cancer, for its early detection and to measure response to treatments and detecting recurrence in all stages of the disease. PSA's early development came along with progress in the field of immunology, which allowed detection and study of antigens from different tissues and fluids when injecting them into rabbits to promote immune response. Rubin Flocks in 1960 was the first to investigate and discover prostate-specific antigens in benign and ...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 11, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Anastomic urethroplasty in bulbar urethral stricture. 13 years experience in a department of urology.
Authors: Sáez-Barranquero F, Herrera-Imbroda B, Yáñez-Gálvez A, Sánchez-Soler N, Castillo-Gallardo E, Cantero-Mellado JA, Julve-Villalta E, Machuca-Santa Cruz FJ Abstract Urethral stenosis is a common disease in the clinical practice of urology, with a major impact on the quality of life of patients. The anastomotic urethroplasty is a technique with very precise indications usually membranous or bulbar urethra stenosis with a length of 3 cm or up to 7 cm when it is secondary to urethral disruptions (no stenosis) after pelvic trauma. OBJECTIVE: We review anastomotic urethroplas...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 11, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research