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[Urinary lithiasis. The patient also plays.]
Authors: Galán Llopis JA, Vergés Prósper A, Pérez-Seoane Ballester H, Escudero Fontano E, Tortolero Blanco L Abstract Renal lithiasis is known for its high incidence and prevalence, but mainly for its morbidity and recurrence. Despite a good indication and appropriate surgical treatment, the essential problem, the origin of the formation of the stones, generally persists and it is not uncommon that patients suffer multiple treatments and discomfort secondary to ancillary measures normally used to prevent complications. It is widely known, for consistency, that a prophylactic treatment wi...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - February 23, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Predictive factors of the outcomes of prenatal hydronephrosis.]
CONCLUSION: The higher APD in the renal pelvis in any of the three ultrasounds, the greater the chances of surgery and failure of spontaneous resolution. The first postnatal ultrasound is the most reliable in predicting outcome of prenatal hydronephrosis. There are other factors to take into account to predict the outcomes of these patients. PMID: 28042787 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - January 4, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Update of the Gleason system and other prognostic pathological data in prostate cancer: Tumor load.]
Authors: García-González R, García-Navas R, Montáns-Araújo J Abstract Desde que D. F. Gleason creara su sistema en 1966 (1 ) y que él mismo modificó en 1974 (2), su método ha sido universalmente aceptado y recomendado por la OMS (3)como factor pronóstico del carcinoma prostático (CaP). Pero, la generalización de la prueba del PSA a partir de 1979 (4), del desarrollo de la TRUS (5) y de la "biopty-gun" para la toma de biopsias en sextantes en los años 80 (6), y sus posteriores modificaciones, son hechos que han cambiado pau...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - January 4, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[The clinical session that never happened.]
CONCLUSION: Today, in a 3.000 years old mummy, we found the most likely cause of his death thanks to the careful preservation and the scientists decision to select, among the current inspection techniques, those which are less destructive of the wisely embalmed rests. PMID: 28042789 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - January 4, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Testicular and paratesticular tumors in children.
CONCLUSIONS: Due to the high incidence of the benign histological findings, testicular sparing surgery should be considered as a first therapeutic option, especially in those cases with normal tumor markers. PMID: 28042790 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - January 4, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Profile of oab patient on treatment with flexible-dose antimuscarinic drugs in daily clinical practice.
CONCLUSION: No differences were found regarding the demographic or clinical characteristics that allow us to identify which patients should receive the different options of available dose of antimuscarinic drugs, although greater benefits seem to be achieved with the use of the highest or the lowest dose from the outset than with the change of dose. PMID: 28042791 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - January 4, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Cystic nephroma. Report of two cases and bibliographic review.]
CONCLUSIONS: Surgery is the main treatment for cystic nephroma. The combination of clinical, biochemical and radiological features may help in lesion characterization, but only histology can provide the definite diagnosis. The differential diagnosis includes multilocular cystic renal cell carcinoma and cystic nephroblastoma. PMID: 28042792 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - January 4, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Renal angiomyolipoma in a patient with tuberous sclerosis. Case report.]
CONCLUSION: Patients that associate renal angiomyolipoma and tuberous sclerosis, have specific characteristics with a higher risk of complications requiring strict follow-up and specific treatment. PMID: 28042793 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - January 4, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Effect of onabotulinum toxin type a intraprostatic injection on the outcome of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia patients refractory to medical therapy: A 2-year follow-up study.
CONCLUSIONS: Intraprostatic onabotulinum toxin A injection can be an option for treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia/Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms refractory to medical treatment in poor surgical candidates, preventing surgery in at least two thirds of the patients. Side effects are limited to acute prostatitis. PMID: 28042794 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - January 4, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Abdominal cyst and chronic urinary retention.
Authors: Elizalde-Benito FX, Elizalde-Benito ÁG, Urra-Palos M, Elizalde-Amatria ÁG PMID: 28042795 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - January 4, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Chronic inflammatory megaprepuce due to urethrocutaneous fistula.
Authors: Bianco HA, Kogan DA, Castro-Brizuela F, Ortiz F, Biso NA PMID: 28042796 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - January 4, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Expert opinion about the use of transdermic oxybutynin in Spain for the treatment of adult overactive bladder.]
CONCLUSIONS: Although oxybutynin has been standard treatment of overactive bladder in recent years the conclusion of this working group is that its new transdermal formulation offers a better-tolerated alternative for patients, and, therefore the necessary tools to generate more evidence should be implemented to increase the proper use among specialists and patients. PMID: 27845692 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - November 17, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Is CAPRA-S score a valid tool in our environment to predict biochemical recurrence, metastasis and death after radical prostatectomy?]
CONCLUSIONS: CAPRA-S score is an easily applicable tool and has high predictive accuracy to determine biochemical recurrence, metastasis and death by PCa probabilities in our population. Concordance Index in these variables was higher than 0.85. PMID: 27845693 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - November 17, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and neutrophil-to-monocyte rates in the decision for a prostate re-biopsy in patients with a previous benign pathology and consistently 2,5-10 ng/ml PSA value.
CONCLUSION: NLR and NMR in patients with BPH after second TRUS-guided biopsy were lower than that of those with a diagnosis of prostate cancer after the first TRUS-guided biopsy.White blood test subtypes can be considered for the decision to perform a second TRUSguided biopsy in patients with previous negative biopsy with persistently elevated PSA. PMID: 27845694 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - November 17, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Prognostic factors for the efficacy of Silodosin in the treatment of symptomatic Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. Subanalysis of the URAL study.]
CONCLUSION: The urodynamic study was very useful in the assessment of the prognostic factors in these patients. PMID: 27845695 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - November 17, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Prospective non-randomized study on the use of antibiotic prophylaxis with ciprofloxacin in flexible urethrocystoscopy.
CONCLUSION: We do not consider the use of ciprofloxacin as prophylaxis for flexible cystoscopy is appropriate in this area of health, since it does not reduce the presence of urinary infection or bacteriuria. PMID: 27845696 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - November 17, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Efficacy and safety of bilateral RIRS for renal lithiasis.]
CONCLUSIONS: Single-stage bilateral RIRS is a safe and effective tool for the treatment of patients with bilateral renal stones. PMID: 27845697 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - November 17, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Laparoscopic surgery in great adrenal malignant masses.
CONCLUSIONS: We believe that laparoscopic surgery of large masses of malignant behavior depends on the capsular integrity and their relationship to adjacent structures rather than tumor size or the internal characteristics of tumor on imaging tests. PMID: 27845698 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - November 17, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Renal trauma in adolescent skateboarders.
CONCLUSIONS: We would emphasize these cases as an emergent urological warning. Scientific information and medical education should be addressed from physicians to a targeted population, in order to reduce among teens the incidence of injuries of such at-risk activity. PMID: 27845699 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - November 17, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Ureteral reimplantation with ureteral stent. Endoscopic image.
Authors: Sáez Barranquero F, Herrera Imbroda B, Sánchez Soler N, Del Río González S, García Del Pino MJ, Machuca Santa-Cruz FJ PMID: 27845700 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - November 17, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Selective embolization of renal artery pseudoaneurysm after partial nephrectomy in a single kidney patient.
Authors: Bonarriba CR, Ferrutxe Frau J, Martínez Riutort JM, Nieto García C PMID: 27845701 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - November 17, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Los imposibles de hoy ser án posibles mañana.K. Tsiolkovski.]
[Los imposibles de hoy serán posibles mañana.K. Tsiolkovski.] Arch Esp Urol. 2016 Oct;69(8):449-450 Authors: Soria Gálvez F PMID: 27725320 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Application of fluid mechanics and simulation: urinary tract and ureteral catheters.]
CONCLUSIONS: In this chapter we aim to help urologists to understand some important concepts of bioengineering, promoting multidisciplinary cooperation to offer complementary tools that help in diagnosis and treatment of diseases. PMID: 27725321 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Indications and morbidity associated with double J catheters.]
Authors: Cepeda M, Mainez JA, de la Cruz B, Amón JH Abstract The use of double J catheters is usual in urologist's daily practice. The indication can be divided in prophylactic or therapeutic. Prophylactically, they prevent complications derived from endourological procedures, such as ureteral lesion or obstructive uropathy secondary to residual lithiasis or edema. Therapeutically, they treat obstructive uropathy of many different pathologies, either in an emergency setting or scheduled, such as lithiasis, stenosis, extrinsic compression of any nature or urinary tract tumors among others. Although they add c...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Impact in the quality of life of the patients with double J catheter.]
CONCLUSION: Double J stents have an important symptomatic impact that impairs QoL. They should be used under appropriate indication; their duration should be limited and we must employ all the technological and pharmacological approaches to mitigate their effects. PMID: 27725323 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Urinary tract infections associated with ureteral stents: A Review.
CONCLUSIONS: While many promising ideas for new stent coatings and materials have been tested, no significant improvement to current polyurethane stent technology is commonly available or used. The basic principles of antibiotic prophylaxis at time of insertion, avoiding contamination, and minimising dwell times remain the best methods to prevent stent-associated infections. PMID: 27725324 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Ureteral stent encrustation. Pathophysiology.
Authors: Kram W, Buchholz N, Hakenberg OW Abstract Ureteral stents are the most commonly used urological implants. They are used for temporary as well as for long-term ureteral stenting. Amongst others, complications of ureteral stenting are encrustation and cellular adherence which, in turn, promotes urinary tract infection and can induce impaired healing in case of ureteral damage. Biofilm formation on urological implants leads to the protection of persisting bacteria from local defense mechanisms, thereby rendering persistent urinary tract infections more common. It seems clear that antibiotics cannot penetrate ...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Pediatric urinary tract catheters.]
Authors: Cabezalí D, Tordable C, Gómez A Abstract Urinary tract catheters are hollow and flexible tubes used to facilitate urine output or to achieve urine transit through them. We can find different types of catheters depending on the purpose they have been designed for: urethral, cystostomy and ureteral catheters among others. We review the indications for insertion of these catheters, their designs, composition, covering materials, insertion techniques and associated complications. Pediatric catheters are behind what is produced for adults, so we perform a bibliographic review about urinary cathete...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Management of malignant ureteral obstruction.]
CONCLUSIONS: Results in MUO are very heterogeneous and have a low evidence level. Factors that influence results include stent characteristics, status and prognosis of the obstructive condition and probably patient and physician's preferences. Polymeric double J stents seem to have higher early and late failure rates than metallic double J catheters and metallic stents. Even though, the difference is not clearly evident. Prospective, multicenter, multidisciplinary trials are necessary to elucidate convenience and adequate selection of each type of stent. PMID: 27725327 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Medical treatment of symptoms associated with double J catheters: Scientific evidence.]
Authors: Serrano A, Salinas J, López de Alda S, Parra F, Sánchez M, Ruiz León MA, Moreno J Abstract Double J stents are used in Urology in an important number of pathologies. These devices contribute to solve very prevalent pathologies such as upper urinary tract lithiasis. However, there are very frequent symptoms associated with double J catheters that may produce a very important constraint on the quality of life of patients. Although theses symptoms are not severe in most cases, they require medical treatment to be solved in certain patients. Several types of drugs such as analgesics, anti-...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Complications of double j catheters and their endourological management].
The objective of this review is to present the main complications derived from the insertion of a DJ, their diagnosis, prevention and treatment, focusing mainly in the different endourological techniques. PMID: 27725329 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Antirreflux ureteral catheters.]
Authors: Soria F, de la Cruz JE, Morcillo E, Rioja J, Sánchez-Margallo FM Abstract Double-J ureteral stents disposal is associated with the appearance of side effects in up to 90% of the patients. The main causes of these symptoms are related to stent's design and the materials they are manufactured from. Vesicoureteral reflux and bladder trigone irritation are the etiopathogenic causes of ureteral stents associated morbidity. Due to this, and in order to improve patients' quality of life, stents that avoid reflux have been developed. Among anti-reflux designs, the first was a double-J stent the bladder tip ...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Biodegradable catheters and urinary stents. When?]
Authors: Soria F, Morcillo E, López de Alda A, Pastor T, Sánchez-Margallo FM Abstract One of the main wishes in the field of urinary catheters and stents is to arm them with biodegradable characteristics because we consider a failure of these devices the need for retrieval, the forgotten catheter syndrome as well as the adverse effects permanent devices cause after fulfilling their aim. The efforts focused in new designs, coatings and biomaterials aim to increase the biocompatibility of theses internal devices. Lately, there have been correct advances to answer the main challenges regarding biodegrada...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Catheterization after ureteroscopy. Always? never? when?]
CONCLUSIONS: It seems advisable to place a JJ stent in complicated cases or in those considered to have a higher risk of postoperative complications. In the rest of cases it seems that stenting after ureteroscopy involves more problems tan benefits. PMID: 27725332 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[The use of ureteral stents and catheters in renal transplantation.]
CONCLUSIONS: The use of ureteral catheters in the extravesical ureteroneocystostomy reduces the incidence of anastomotic complications. Surgery is the treatment of choice of post-transplant ureteral stenosis. The use of metallic stents and extra-anatomic bypasses should be limited to complex ureteral stenosis when primary therapy has failed, in high surgical risk patients or chronic graft dysfunction. PMID: 27725333 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Metallic ureteral stents. Present and future.]
Authors: Morcillo E, Fernández I, Pamplona M, Sánchez-Margallo FM, Soria F Abstract The management of ureteral obstruction of malignant origin or complicated benign obstruction continues to be a challenge for the urological community. In this sense, the use of metallic stents could be considered a useful alternative to the conventional drainage techniques, because it accomplishes the resolution of obstruction in a single procedure, without external diversions and without the adverse effects of current diversions. Another important advantage they offer is that they do not need replacement as frequently...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Drug eluting stent in urology.
Authors: Kallidonis P, Ntasiotis P, Kamal W, Kyriazis I, Liatsikos E Abstract The Drug eluting stents (DESs) are the most commonly used stents in interventional cardiology. DESs have been shown to minimize the restenosis rate after stenting the coronary vessels by addressing the phenomena of smooth muscle proliferation and inflammation. The effect of the DESs is attributed to the antiproliferative drugs which are coated onto the stent and are released in controlled fashion. The anti-proliferative drugs reduce the hyperplastic reaction by inhibiting the smooth muscle cell cycle and their proliferation. Urological st...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Update in urethral stents.
Authors: Bahouth Z, Meyer G, Yildiz G, Nativ O, Moskovitz B Abstract Urethral stents were first introduced in 1988, and since then, they have undergone significant improvements. However, they did not gain a wide popularity and their use is limited to a small number of centers around the world. Urethral stents can be used in the entire urethra and for various and diverse indications. In the anterior urethra, it can be used to treat urethral strictures. In the prostatic urethra, they can be used for the treatment of prostatic obstruction, including benign, malignant and iatrogenic prostatic obstruction. Moreover, alt...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - October 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Predictive score of success adapted to our environment to improve results of extracorporeal lithotripsy.]
Authors: Bengió RG, Arribillaga L, Epelde J, Orellana S, García-Önto H, Montedoro A, Cordero E, Oulton G, Bengió RH Abstract OBJECTIVE: To present a predictive tool of success of ESWL adapted to our environment. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, descriptive and analytical study of patients with renal and upper ureteral stones whom underwent ESWL with DUET MAGNA lithotripter between January 2014 and March 2015. We included 114 patients in whom demographics and CT scan characteristics were studied. Multivariate analysis by logistic regression was performed to establish independent p...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - September 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Treatment of pediatric lithiasis in the lithotripsy and endourology unit of "Hospital La Luz". Commented retrospective of our case series.]
CONCLUSIONS: We conclude in this study that ESWL in children was the most appropriate procedure for renal and proximal and middle-third ureteral lithiasis. Kidney stones measuring 2 to 3 cm can be treated without additional procedures or combined approaches. In contrast cystine stones caused the major problems for fragmentation. Moreover, the use of double J catheters increased the need for ESWL when catheter calcification occurred and endoscopic removal was impossible. The benefits of this method must be individually assessed both for the benefit of the temporary placement as well as for the expectation of permanence. We ...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - September 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Diagnosis of urethral stenosis and follow-up after Urethroplasty.]
This article presents a review of the different tests used for the evaluation and follow-up of urethral strictures. Because there is no consensus on how to assess urethral pathology, we reviewed each of the next follow-up tests: questionnaires, uroflowmetry, ultrasound, urethroscopy, urethrogram, CT scan and MRI, outlining their benefits and limitations in the diagnosis and follow-up of urethral stricture. Urethrogram and urethroscopy are the most commonly used tests, as they are those that give us more information on the evaluation of stenosis and for surgery planning. Questionnaires and uroflowmetry play a key role in th...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - September 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Failure of Bacillus Calmette-Gu érin therapy in non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer: Definition and treatment options.
CONCLUSIONS: The definition, prediction, and treatment of BCG failure remain topics of debate. Patients with BCG failure need carefully selected, individualized therapy in experienced hands. Stratification of patients with BCG failure into groups can identify those with a better or worse prognosis. RC should be the selected option if a patient experiences BCG failure, but several promising intravesical salvage options are available for those cases in which the patient is unfit for surgery or bladder preservation is preferred. Currently data are still inadequate to allow formulation of definitive recommendations, and larger...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - September 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Low cost silicone renal replicas for surgical training - technical note.
CONCLUSION: The presented technique is simple to perform and beyond basic 3D printer it does not require any other expensive equipment. The final silicone model reproduces shape and elasticity of the living organ and has similar mechanical strength. These properties of silicone replica in combination with the presented technique can be used to prepare other artificial organs, ready for a simulation of treatment. PMID: 27617553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - September 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

A new case report of urinary tract infection due to KPC-3-producing klebsiella pneumoniae (ST258) in Spain.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first characterization, in our media, of a clinical isolated of K. pneumoniae ST258 producing KPC-3 and no history of carbapenems exposure. PMID: 27617554 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - September 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Complete response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors in metastatic renal cancer. Report of four cases.]
CONCLUSIONS: Tyrosine kinase inhibitors can induce complete responses in patients with metastatic renal cancer. Discontinuation of treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors after a complete response may be an option. PMID: 27617555 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - September 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Male Pseudohermaphroditism: Ambiguous genitalia.
Authors: Bonarriba Beltrán CR, Fernández L, Alonso D, García-Montes F PMID: 27617556 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - September 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Perirrenal presentation of extranodal Rosai-Dorfman disease.
Authors: Colombo JJ, Linares Espinós E, López Tello J, Lorido Cortes MM, Albillos Merino JC, Martínez-Piñeiro L PMID: 27617557 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - September 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

Enzalutamide as monotherapy for advanced prostate cancer: why not?
CONCLUSION: It is mandatory to validate these early results on the use on Enzalutamide monotherapy for advanced prostate cancer, hormone-sensitive or castration resistant, metastatic or not, but in the meantime, we wonder, why not? PMID: 27617558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - September 13, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

[Not Available].
Authors: Rodríguez Collar TL, Casa de Valle Castro M, Germán Meliz JL, Horroutinel Scull RS, Pérez Pérez M PMID: 27551700 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - August 25, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research

The era of active surveillance for low-risk.Prostate cancer is here.
Authors: Sountoulides P, Obek C PMID: 27441708 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia)
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - July 23, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research