An interesting case of aorto-left ventricular tunnel
Musthafa Janeel, Swaminathan Vaidyanathan, Annie Arvind, Neville A G SolomonAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):108-110 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Musthafa Janeel Swaminathan Vaidyanathan Annie Arvind Neville A G Solomon Source Type: research

Congenital left atrial appendage pseudoaneurysm, cardiomyopathy, and mitral regurgitation
Yaron D Barac, Quintin Quinones, Jacob Schroder, Donald D GlowerAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):107-108 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Yaron D Barac Quintin Quinones Jacob Schroder Donald D Glower Source Type: research

Anatomically corrected malposition of great arteries: A nidus for the left ventricular outflow tract obstruction
Palak Gupta, Kalyanraddi N Chikkagoudar, Nageswara Rao KonetiAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):105-106 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Palak Gupta Kalyanraddi N Chikkagoudar Nageswara Rao Koneti Source Type: research

Author & #39;s reply
Salvatore Agati, Carlos Guerra Sousa, Felice Davide Calvaruso, Rosanna Zanai, Ivana Campanella, Daniela Poli, Alfredo Di Pino, Aurelio Secinaro, Fiore Salvatore Iorio, Massimiliano Raponi, Robert H Anderson, Simone Reali, Andrea DeZorzi, Luca BorroAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):104-105 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Salvatore Agati Carlos Guerra Sousa Felice Davide Calvaruso Rosanna Zanai Ivana Campanella Daniela Poli Alfredo Di Pino Aurelio Secinaro Fiore Salvatore Iorio Massimiliano Raponi Robert H Anderson Simone Reali Andrea DeZorzi Luca Borro Source Type: research

Left pulmonary artery from descending thoracic aorta: Part of spectrum of anomalous aortic origin of pulmonary arteries ?
Balram Babu Rajanbabu, David Ray AndrewsAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):104-104 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Balram Babu Rajanbabu David Ray Andrews Source Type: research

Author & #39;s reply
Swati Garekar, Alpa BharatiAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):103-103 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Swati Garekar Alpa Bharati Source Type: research

Virtual dissection: An alternative to surface-rendered virtual three-dimensional cardiac model
Saurabh Kumar Gupta, Robert H AndersonAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):102-103 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Saurabh Kumar Gupta Robert H Anderson Source Type: research

Double drainage of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection: A rare variant of mixed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection
We report two infants with a double drainage pattern of TAPVC (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mani Ram Krishna Ganesh Kumar Gnanappa Jonathan Mervis Jonathan Forsey Julian Ganesh Ayer Yishay Orr Source Type: research

Circumflex retroesophageal left aortic arch with right ductus arteriosus: A rare complete vascular ring diagnosed on computed tomography angiography
We present a case of a 6-month-old female child with stridor and feeding difficulties since birth with interspersed self-resolving episodes of cyanosis and apnea, secondary to the presence of the above-mentioned vascular ring. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Niraj Nirmal Pandey Manish Shaw Sakshi Sachdeva Gurpreet Singh Gulati Shyam S Kothari Source Type: research

An arcade in the heart: Multimodality imaging
N M Sharath Babu, Leena Robinson Vimala, Lijo Varghese, Oommen K GeorgeAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):95-97 Congenital mitral stenosis (MS) is a spectrum of anomalies that result in functional and anatomic obstruction of inflow into the left ventricle. Mitral arcade is one of the varieties of congenital MS where there is an abnormal development of chordae tendineae, resulting in stenosis, regurgitation, or both. Here, we describe the case of a mitral arcade in a child, which was diagnosed on echocardiography and confirmed with other imaging modalities. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: N M Sharath Babu Leena Robinson Vimala Lijo Varghese Oommen K George Source Type: research

Isolated persistence of the fifth aortic arch in an infant presenting with congestive heart failure
We present a unique case of a 5-week-old patient with an isolated PFAA with systemic-to-pulmonary connection, who presented with congestive heart failure. A first differential diagnosis was made with distal aortopulmonary window and an atypical patent arterial duct. A careful analysis of the case and a systematic review of the literature made us conclude for an isolated PFAA, which is one of the only five cases ever reported. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Giovanni Meliota Maristella Lombardi Pierluigi Zaza Maria Rosaria Tagliente Paolo Versacci Gabriele Scalzo Ugo Vairo Source Type: research

Umbilical artery catheter, aortic dissection, carotid cannulation, and pseudoaneurysm in a neonate: A tale of propagating pathology
We report an unusual case of multisite pathology (dissection and pseudoaneurysm) following common vascular interventions. A term neonate with antenatal diagnosis of congenital heart block secondary to maternal lupus deteriorated clinically at 5 days of life. He was found to have an abdominal aortic thrombus secondary to abdominal aortic dissection, following umbilical arterial catheter placement. Attempted percutaneous treatment was complicated by dissection of the left common carotid artery and formation of a large pseudoaneurysm. Neonatal lupus is associated with weakened vessel wall which may be vulnerable to injury fro...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Justin Wang Thomas Semple Carles Bautista-Rodriguez Andreas Hoschtitzky Nick Cheshire Amy Chan-Dominy Source Type: research

Caught-off guard: Unguarded mitral valve orifice in usual atrial arrangement with discordant atrioventricular connections and pulmonary atresia
We report a neonate with unguarding of the mitral valvar orifice in the setting of usual atrial arrangement, but with discordant atrioventricular connections and pulmonary atresia. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nayan Banerji Mani Ram Krishna Raman Krishna Kumar Robert H Anderson Source Type: research

Complete sternal cleft with tetralogy of Fallot
We report a case of a 2-year-old child with complete sternal cleft and tetralogy of Fallot who presented with cyanotic spells. The child underwent total correction, followed by chest wall reconstruction on the next day. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Debasis Das Nilanjan Dutta Pratik Pandey Adhish Basu Manish Kumar Sharma Rangan Koley Amitabha Chattopadhyay Source Type: research

Superior vena caval thrombosis after a neonatal arterial switch procedure
We report a case of persistent SVC thrombosis, SVC syndrome, and chylothorax arising after ASO, refractory to thrombolysis and stent placement. A 6-day-old neonate with prenatally known TGA underwent an arterial switch procedure. Despite an initially unremarkable postoperative course, he developed respiratory difficulty after starting enteral feeding. Soft-tissue swelling was noted in the neck, chest, and upper face. An SVC thrombus was identified with cardiac catheterization. Multiple thrombolytic modalities were attempted. His postoperative course was further complicated by recurrent chylothoraces, respiratory failure, s...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hayley M Wilcox Neil S Devejian Javier Sanchez Walter Edge Karen Larsen Shashikanth Ambati Source Type: research

Unusual association of transposition of great arteries with infradiaphragmatic pulmonary venous return
Giuseppe Scrascia, Anna Maria Pia Grimaldi, Dario Troise, Gabriele ScalzoAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):75-77 A 21-day-old baby with transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum, infradiaphragmatic totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection, and atrial septum defect underwent combined arterial switch operation, totally anomalous venous connection repair, and atrial septum defect closure, using a right-sided approach and temporary pulmonary veins occlusion, with no postoperative and 6-months follow-up complications. Complete anatomical correction is the most conceivable treatment for thi...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Giuseppe Scrascia Anna Maria Pia Grimaldi Dario Troise Gabriele Scalzo Source Type: research

Mystery still unresolved: Untouched & #8220;Blue heart & #8221; presenting at 40yrs of age
Sanjeev H Naganur, Ashish Tiwari, CR PruthviAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):72-74 The modern-day surgical techniques and strategies have changed the outlook of patients with dextro-transposition of great arteries (d-TGA). The survival of an unrepaired d-TGA into late adulthood is difficult to explain. Even when large intracardiac shunts are present, it still remains a lethal cyanotic congenital heart disease if it is not surgically corrected soon after birth. Here, we report an extremely rare case of d-TGA presenting at 40 years of age, with moderately elevated pulmonary artery pressures and relatively stable sy...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sanjeev H Naganur Ashish Tiwari CR Pruthvi Source Type: research

Balloon angioplasty of aortic coarctation in critically ill newborns using axillary artery access
Giovanni Meliota, Maristella Lombardi, Pierluigi Zaza, Maria Rosaria Tagliente, Ugo VairoAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):67-71 Balloon angioplasty may be performed as the first treatment of aortic coarctation to stabilize newborns too sick for immediate surgery. The issue of vascular access is the key to the successful treatment of critical newborns. In our study, we argue that the lesser-known axillary access route is the safest and most effective route of vascular access for balloon angioplasty in infants with aortic coarctation. To support this argument, we present the case of eight unstable newborns with com...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Giovanni Meliota Maristella Lombardi Pierluigi Zaza Maria Rosaria Tagliente Ugo Vairo Source Type: research

The science and art of aortic and/or pulmonary root translocation
Supreet P Marathe, Sachin TalwarAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):56-66 This review aims to present and compare different surgical techniques of root translocation of the great arteries except the Ross procedure. The historical aspects, technical considerations, and results are briefly elucidated. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Supreet P Marathe Sachin Talwar Source Type: research

Nonopioid analgesics for perioperative and cardiac surgery pain in children: Current evidence and knowledge gaps
Conclusion: Nonopioid medications appear to show promise for analgesia in infants undergoing cardiac surgery, with ketorolac being the most potent agent as a potential substitute for opioids. These agents demonstrate a reasonable safety profile even in the very young. There continue to be significant gaps in knowledge before their adoption becomes routine. However, gives the awareness regarding short-term and long-term impact of opioid use in this vulnerable population, and studies of such agents are an urgent need. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ashish Saini Kevin O Maher Shriprasad R Deshpande Source Type: research

Genetic abnormalities/syndromes significantly impact perioperative outcomes of conotruncal heart defects
Conclusions : Perioperative outcomes in patients with GA/S suggested an increased residual cardiovascular disease and increased resource usage. Notably, this is the first study demonstrating the effect of race and ethnicity on PLOS in CTHD patients. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Subhrajit Lahiri Wernovsky Gil Salyakina Daria Gruber Joshua Jayakar Parul Burke Redmond Welch Elizabeth Source Type: research

An evolving anesthetic protocol fosters fast tracking in pediatric cardiac surgery: A comparison of two anesthetic techniques
Conclusion: Ketamine along with low-dose fentanyl, when used for anesthetic induction, in comparison to high-dose fentanyl, reduces postoperative extubation time and ICU stay, in pediatric patients undergoing corrective/palliative surgery under CPB and epidural analgesia for congenital cardiac defects. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Vipul K Sharma Gaurav Kumar Saajan Joshi Nikhil Tiwari Vivek Kumar H Ravi Ramamurthy Source Type: research

Normal reference ranges for the left ventricular mass and left ventricular mass index in preterm infants
Conclusion :The LVM and LVMI exhibited a significant correlation with the BSA and body weight. This study provides reference data that can be used as a normal reference tool for the LVM and LVMI for preterm infants based on the BSA. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lulu Abushaban Jebaraj Rathinasamy Prem N Sharma Mariappa Thinakar Vel Source Type: research

Use of percutaneous carotid artery access for performing pediatric cardiac interventions: Single-center study
Conclusions : Our data indicate that CA access should be employed when dealing with a select group of infants requiring vertical approach for left-sided cardiac lesions. Percutaneous CA access, even in very small preterm infants, is safe and feasible with negligible vascular injury and no neurological adverse events. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Tugcin Bora Polat Source Type: research

Balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty in neonates with critical pulmonary stenosis: Jugular or femoral
Conclusion: BPV using the transjugular approach is safe and effective to relieve critical PS in neonates compared to the transfemoral approach. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Erick Hoetama Radityo Prakoso Poppy Surwianti Roebiono Indriwanto Sakidjan Yovi Kurniawati Sisca Natalia Siagian Olfi Lelya Anna Ulfah Rahajoe Ganesja Moelia Harimurti Oktavia Lilyasari Source Type: research

Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect in symptomatic children weighing & #8804;10 kg: Addressing unanswered issues from a decade of experience
Conclusions: Defect size as large as three times the weight in kg can be closed in small children. Devices as large as 28 mm can be deployed in these hearts provided the surrounding rims are adequate. In majority of cases, one of the modified techniques is essential for successful deployment. IAS length is not a limiting factor for deciding the size of the device used. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Bharti Sharma Robin Pinto Bharat Dalvi Source Type: research

Vascular access in pediatric interventions: Science or skill ?
Shakeel Ahmed Qureshi, R Krishna KumarAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):1-3 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shakeel Ahmed Qureshi R Krishna Kumar Source Type: research

Preoperative adrenal insufficiency in a neonate with congenital heart disease surgery
Shankar Vithalrao Kadam, Kamlesh B Tailor, Vinay H K Joshi, Suresh G RaoAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(3):351-353 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shankar Vithalrao Kadam Kamlesh B Tailor Vinay H K Joshi Suresh G Rao Source Type: research

Persistent femoral lymphatic leak following Fontan surgery: Role of fluorescein dye
Debabrata Gohain, Sabarinath Menon, Sudip Dutta Baruah, Sowmya V Ramanan, Baiju S Dharan, K JayakumarAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(3):350-351 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Debabrata Gohain Sabarinath Menon Sudip Dutta Baruah Sowmya V Ramanan Baiju S Dharan K Jayakumar Source Type: research

Reply: Prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension in schoolchildren from Central India
Ashish Patel, Anil Bharani, Meenakshi Sharma, Anuradha Bhagwat, Neepa Ganguli, Dharampal Singh ChouhanAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(3):349-349 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ashish Patel Anil Bharani Meenakshi Sharma Anuradha Bhagwat Neepa Ganguli Dharampal Singh Chouhan Source Type: research

Comment: Prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension in schoolchildren from central India
Mahmood Dhahir Al-MendalawiAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(3):348-348 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi Source Type: research

Case of anomalous origin of right coronary artery from pulmonary artery associated with interrupted aortic arch type A, diagnosed by multidetector computed tomography angiography
We present a case of ARCAPA associated with IAA diagnosed with the help of multidetector computed tomography angiography, in a 7-year-old boy. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Neetu Soni Sunil Kumar Jain Anil Kumar Renu Kadian Shou Li Source Type: research

Hammock effect and complete cusp prolapse: Rare mechanisms of Melody valve failure demonstrated by intracardiac echocardiography
Simone Jhaveri, Lourdes Prieto, Patcharapong SuntharosAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(3):342-344 Transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement using Melody valve (Medtronic, Minneapolis MN) has significantly increased in the recent decades. Melody valve failures, although rare, can be problematic and require re-intervention. Through intracardiac echocardiography, we present two patients who each had a rare etiology for dysfunction of their Melody valve. Hammock effect, wherein the valve does not oppose the stent and complete cusp failure causing severe regurgitation have not been previously described as causes of Melod...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Simone Jhaveri Lourdes Prieto Patcharapong Suntharos Source Type: research

Utility of three-dimensional echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of double-orifice tricuspid valve
Sandeep Mohanty, Sreeja Pavithran, Ravi Agarwal, Kothandam SivakumarAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(3):339-341 Duplication of atrioventricular valves involves the mitral valve more often than the tricuspid valve and is often associated with other cardiac defects. Double-orifice tricuspid valve (DOTV) is often identified in surgery or autopsy and missed on echocardiography, as the two orifices are orthogonal to the imaging plane. If suspected on echocardiography, it masquerades as mild tricuspid hypoplasia. Three-dimensional echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging of a DOTV are presented. (Source: Annals of ...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sandeep Mohanty Sreeja Pavithran Ravi Agarwal Kothandam Sivakumar Source Type: research

Modified underlying cardiac disease severity in twin-twin transfusion syndrome
We report monochorionic-diamniotic twins. Twin 1 had Ebstein anomaly with mild tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and slightly thickened tricuspid valve leaflets with plastering. Twin 2 had tricuspid valve dysplasia (with abnormal thickening but without plastering) with moderate TR and mild right atrial dilatation. After birth, the severity of TR was greatly reduced in the recipient but increased in the donor. Therefore, intravascular volume change which was due to twin-twin transfusion syndrome seemed to affect the severity of the valvar disease in fetuses. This case suggests that the intrinsic severity of fetal tricuspid valvu...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hirotaka Ishido Satoshi Masutani Yukiko Mikami Kazunori Baba Michitaka Fuse Keiko Mizuta Risa Tanaka Kenji Sugamoto Yoichi Iwamoto Hideaki Senzaki Source Type: research

Corkscrew aortic arch in PHACES syndrome: Multimodal imaging of an unusual morphology of tortuous aortic arch in a rare but well-defined syndrome
Ronak Sheth, Arvind Sahay Singh, Sreeja Pavithran, Kothandam SivakumarAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(3):333-335 PHACES syndrome, a diffuse aortocraniocerebral vasculopathy, is a neural tube migration disorder, characterized by aortic coarctation and aberrant arch branches. Clinical diagnosis, echocardiography, and surgical management of coarctation in this syndrome are challenging due to peculiar morphological differences. Corkscrew aortic arch, an extreme tortuosity of the aortic arch described in arterial tortuosity syndrome, is not reported in PHACES syndrome so far. Multimodal imaging of this unusual corkscrew...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ronak Sheth Arvind Sahay Singh Sreeja Pavithran Kothandam Sivakumar Source Type: research

Transcatheter closure of a rare coronary artery fistula using a modified mother & #8211;child technique
We report the case of a 17-year-old male with a medical history of pulmonary valve stenosis, who presented with progressive dyspnea and fatigue. Transthoracic Doppler echocardiography showed multiple continuous flows both on the apical interventricular septum and entering the left atrium. A tortuous CAF arising from the left main coronary artery to the left atrium was revealed by coronary angiography. The lesion was successfully closed percutaneously using an off-label Amplatzer™ Duct Occluder II Additional Sizes with a backup support of a modified “mother–child” system. This case highlights the eff...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Catarina Perez-Brandao Ant & #243;nio Fiarresga L & #237;dia Sousa Jos & #233; D Martins Source Type: research

& #8220;Idiopathic & #8221; pulmonary arterial hypertension in early infancy: Excluding NFU1 deficiency
Paquay Stephanie, Barrea Catherine, Sluysmans Thierry, Vachiery Jean-Luc, Loeckx Isabelle, Seneca Sara, Vô Christophe, Nassogne Marie-CecileAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(3):325-328 NFU1 deficiency is a rare metabolic disorder affecting iron–sulfur cluster synthesis, an essential pathway for lipoic acid-dependent enzymatic activities and mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes. It is a little-known cause of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), while PAH is a prominent feature of the disease. We herein report on a female infant diagnosed as having idiopathic PAH since 1 month of age, who did not resp...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Paquay Stephanie Barrea Catherine Sluysmans Thierry Vachiery Jean-Luc Loeckx Isabelle Seneca Sara V & #244; Christophe Nassogne Marie-Cecile Source Type: research

Closure of right pulmonary artery to left atrium fistula by duct occluder device
We report the successful transcatheter closure of the right pulmonary artery fistula to the left atrium in a 4-year-old boy, who had presented with cyanosis and easy fatigability, identified after two-dimensional echocardiogram with bubble contrast study, computed tomography (CT) angiography, and cardiac catheterization. The fistula was successfully closed by a transcatheter approach using an 18/16 duct occluder device. There was marked improvement clinically and no complication on 2-months follow-up. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ijaz Hussain Roomana KhawajaKhail Kamran Khattak Muhammad Irfan Adnan Mehmood Gul Source Type: research

First report of successfully palliating a hypoplastic left heart syndrome patient with anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery beyond fontan
We report a case of hypoplastic left heart syndrome with an anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) identified intraoperatively during the Stage-II palliation. Due to recurring ventricular fibrillation on sternotomy, a hybrid Stage-I palliation was performed. During comprehensive Stage-II, the ALCAPA was reimplanted in the neoaorta and measures, including a nontraditional Damus connection/arch reconstruction and classic bilateral Glenn procedures, were taken to avoid compression of the coronary artery. After a successful Fontan procedure, he continues to do well at 5 years old, becoming the first ...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kyle W Riggs Nina M Price Nicholas Szugye Bryan H Goldstein David L S Morales Source Type: research

Thoracic electrical impedance tomography to minimize right heart strain following cardiac arrest
We report a child with fulminant myocarditis who was mechanically ventilated using thoracic electrical impedance tomography to optimize regional lung inflation and possibly curtail right ventricular afterload following cardiac arrest. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Gregory Hansen Tanya Holt Jeffrey Dmytrowich Source Type: research

Retrograde transcatheter closure of anterior mitral valve leaflet perforation
Berke Sengun, Işıl Yildirim, Ömer Yildiz, Alpay CelikerAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(3):312-314 Transcatheter closure of mitral valve leaflet perforation is a very rarely performed and a difficult procedure for repairing the defect. Herein, we are the first to report on both the safety and feasibility of percutaneous retrograde transcatheter closure of anterior mitral valve leaflet perforation with an AMPLATZER™ Duct Occluder II (6 mm × 6 mm, ADO II; Abbott Vascular, IL, USA) device in a 19-year-old patient with a severe mitral valve regurgitation following cardiac surgery. (Source: Anna...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Berke Sengun I & #351; & #305;l Yildirim Ö mer Yildiz Alpay Celiker Source Type: research

Temporary bronchial stenting for airway compression in the interstage palliation of functional single ventricle
We describe the management of an infant with HLHS following Stage I surgical palliation who developed refractory respiratory failure secondary to severe left bronchial compression. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Jason Hawes Barnes Richard Paul Boesch Karthik Balakrishnan Sameh M Said Charlotte S Van Dorn Source Type: research

Severe thrombocytopenia in tetralogy of Fallot patients: A contraindication for corrective surgery ?
Suraj Patil, Jay Relan, Milind Hote, Shyam Sunder KothariAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(3):305-307 A 3-year-old boy with tetralogy of Fallot and recurrent cyanotic spells was found to have severe thrombocytopenia with platelet counts in the range of 11–30,000/mm[3]. There was a hesitation to operate in view of the high bleeding risk due to profound thrombocytopenia. However, the total correction was done after excluding other causes of thrombocytopenia. His platelet count dramatically improved after the operation. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Suraj Patil Jay Relan Milind Hote Shyam Sunder Kothari Source Type: research

Complete transposition of great arteries associated with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection: An unusual cause for early left ventricular myocardial mass regression
Neeraj Aggarwal, Reena K Joshi, Nabil Paktin, Mridul Agarwal, Raja JoshiAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(3):302-304 A 24-day-old apparently asymptomatic neonate was found to have complete transposition of great arteries with small patent ductus arteriosus and restrictive patent foramen ovale. The neonate was found to have relatively high saturations (saturations = 88%) despite inadequate mixing communications. Echo findings were suggestive of significant dilatation of right atrium and right ventricle and left ventricular (LV) mass regression. Further echo interrogation revealed coexisting total anomalous pul...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Neeraj Aggarwal Reena K Joshi Nabil Paktin Mridul Agarwal Raja Joshi Source Type: research

Noonan syndrome associated with anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery in a patient with the rare RAF1 mutation: A case report and review of literature
We present the case of a 7-week-old male infant diagnosed with anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) who underwent repair by left coronary artery reimplantation, followed by an eventful postoperative period including need for venous arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and mitral valve replacement due to mitral calcification and severe insufficiency. He also required heart transplant due to severe rapidly progressive biventricular hypertrophy. The pathology examination of the explanted heart showed massive cardiomegaly. Subsequently, the infant's cardiomyopathy panel was positive for...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Richard U Garcia Raya Safa Chelsea Evans Dominic Alessio Ralph Delius Bahig Shehata Source Type: research

Virtual three-dimensional model for preoperative planning in a complex case of a double outlet right ventricle
Swati Garekar, Alpa Bharati, Firoza Kothari, Sachin Patil, Shyam Dhake, Shivaji Mali, Amit Mhatre, Dilip Bind, Ashwini Joshi, Bharat Soni, Dhananjay MalankarAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(3):295-297 A 3-year-old child with a complex variant of double outlet right ventricle achieved a successful biventricular repair after detailed delineation of the intracardiac anatomy on multimodality imaging. A virtual three-dimensional (3D) model based on computed tomography was used successfully in the absence of an actual 3D-printed model. This case report seeks to highlight and hence increase the utilization of the virtual 3...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Swati Garekar Alpa Bharati Firoza Kothari Sachin Patil Shyam Dhake Shivaji Mali Amit Mhatre Dilip Bind Ashwini Joshi Bharat Soni Dhananjay Malankar Source Type: research

Exercise-induced syncope and Brugada syndrome
We describe a patient who presented with exercise-induced syncope, ventricular tachycardia during an exercise test, and was found to be both genotypically and phenotypically positive for BrS. This case highlights a potentially important role of exercise testing in diagnosing and risk stratifying certain patients with BrS. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Anjan S Batra Rachel Watson Anthony C McCanta Source Type: research

Surgical repair for common arterial trunk with pulmonary dominance, hypoplasia of ascending aorta, and interrupted aortic arch
In this report, we briefly describe the technique of ascending aorta reconstruction and other aspects of the surgical repair of this rare malformation. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sachin Talwar Bharat Siddharth Saurabh Kumar Gupta Amolkumar Bhoje Shiv Kumar Choudhary Source Type: research

Indian guidelines for indications and timing of intervention for common congenital heart diseases: Revised and updated consensus statement of the Working group on management of congenital heart diseases
Anita Saxena, Jay Relan, Ravi Agarwal, Neeraj Awasthy, Sushil Azad, Manisha Chakrabarty, Kulbhushan S Dagar, Velayoudam Devagourou, Baiju S Dharan, Saurabh K Gupta, Krishna S Iyer, M Jayranganath, Raja Joshi, BR J Kannan, Ashish Katewa, Vikas Kohli, Shyam S Kothari, KM Krishnamoorthy, Snehal Kulkarni, R Manoj Kumar, R Krishna Kumar, Sunita Maheshwari, Krishna Manohar, Ashutosh Marwah, Smita Mishra, Smruti R Mohanty, K Samba Murthy, K Nageswara Rao, PV Suresh, S Radhakrishnan, Palleti Rajashekar, S Ramakrishnan, Nitin Rao, Suresh G Rao, HM Chinnaswamy Reddy, Rajesh Sharma, Krishnanaik Shivaprakash, Raghavan Subramanyan, R S...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Anita Saxena Jay Relan Ravi Agarwal Neeraj Awasthy Sushil Azad Manisha Chakrabarty Kulbhushan S Dagar Velayoudam Devagourou Baiju S Dharan Saurabh K Gupta Krishna S Iyer M Jayranganath Raja Joshi BR J Kannan Ashish Katewa Vikas Kohli Shyam S Kothari KM Kr Source Type: research