Vertical vein stenting as a therapeutic strategy for obstructed supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection
Gaurav Kumar, Romila Chimoriya, Neeraj Awasthy, KS DagarAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):379-381 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Gaurav Kumar Romila Chimoriya Neeraj Awasthy KS Dagar Source Type: research

Pulmonary hypertension secondary to pulmonary veno occlusive disease: Catastrophe in the catheterization laboratory
Anuj Sharma, Prashant Raviprakash Bobhate, Tanuja Karande, Ravindra Pawar, Snehal KulkarniAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):377-379 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Anuj Sharma Prashant Raviprakash Bobhate Tanuja Karande Ravindra Pawar Snehal Kulkarni Source Type: research

Authors & #39; reply
Anita Saxena, Jay RelanAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):376-377 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Anita Saxena Jay Relan Source Type: research

Anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation in children; one size doesn & #39;t fit all!
Sanjeev Hanumantacharya Naganur, Jyothi Vijay, Parag BarwadAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):375-376 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sanjeev Hanumantacharya Naganur Jyothi Vijay Parag Barwad Source Type: research

Congenital absence of pericardium
Rahul Nikam, Jordan Rapp, Ashrith Kandula, Snigdha Puram, David SaulAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):373-374 A 16-year-old girl presented to the emergency department with orthopnea and exercise intolerance for 1 week. Electrocardiogram at that time showed rightward deviation of the cardiac axis, with nonspecific T-wave inversion in the lateral precordial leads and flattening in the inferior leads. She was discharged from the emergency department with cardiology follow-up. Subsequent echocardiogram demonstrated that “the heart is in a funny position in the chest,” and computed tomography of the chest w...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Rahul Nikam Jordan Rapp Ashrith Kandula Snigdha Puram David Saul Source Type: research

Thrombus in transit after balloon atrial septostomy
We report an unusual cause for the same. A thrombus in transit has not been previously reported following BAS. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sakshi Sachdeva Samir Shakya Shyam Sunder Kothari Source Type: research

Congenital right ventricular diverticulum: An atypical presentation
We present a case of a 4-month-old child who had dextrocardia, large inlet ventricular septal defect, amounting to single ventricle, and severe pulmonary artery hypertension. There was a right ventricular diverticulum which passed through the foramina of Morgagni to give rise to a pulsating lump in the epigastrium. Right ventricular diverticulum presenting with a pulsating mass in the abdomen is a rare entity. The confirmation of diverticulum was made with histopathology. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Debasis Das Nilanjan Dutta Arya Kamal Das Manish Kumar Sharma Rangan Koley Amitabha Chattopadhyay Sanjiban Ghosh Shubhadeep Das Source Type: research

Left isomerism with bilateral superior vena cava, interrupted inferior vena cava and tetralogy of Fallot
We present our experience with a case of left isomerism with bilateral superior vena cava, interrupted inferior vena cava, and TOF managed by atrial septation and intracardiac repair. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nikhil Bansal Rajarshi Ghosh Lakshmi Kumari Sankhyan Sujoy Chatterjee Srirup Chatterjee Satyajit Bose Source Type: research

D-transposition of the great arteries with right-sided pulmonary hypoplasia
Mary E Sterrett, Eugene Y Chang, Neha Kumar, Keith B Willan, Sinai C ZyblewskiAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):361-363 Unilateral pulmonary agenesis or aplasia (UPA) in combination with congenital heart defects is rare and has not been reported in connection with transposition of the great arteries. This case demonstrated dextroposition of the fetal heart, and subsequent scans could not clearly visualize the right pulmonary artery. UPA should be considered in the workup and counseling for a family in the setting of fetal heart malposition, as there is a significant clinical impact. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mary E Sterrett Eugene Y Chang Neha Kumar Keith B Willan Sinai C Zyblewski Source Type: research

Late transcatheter recanalization of a closed ductus arteriosus in a 2-month-old infant with tetralogy of Fallot and isolated left pulmonary artery
We report a successful late transcatheter recanalization of the closed ductus arteriosus in a 2-month-old infant with tetralogy of Fallot, right aortic arch, and an isolated left pulmonary artery (LPA). We achieved adequate LPA growth before complete repair. There were no procedural complications. This procedure is rare in Western countries due to universal pulse oximetry screening and increased fetal diagnoses. The procedure is technically challenging in the absence of any angiographic flow into the ductus. Evidence of a ductal ampulla increases the chances of success. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Aziez Ahmed Gary Anthony LaCroix Anas Hasan Bader Ishqair Pushpa Shivaram Srikant Das Source Type: research

Planning and execution of catheter closure of a giant left atrial appendage aneurysm causing recurrent cardioembolism
Sivakumar Kothandam, Rajeshkumar RamasamyAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):353-356 Giant left atrial appendage aneurysms (LAAAs) are rare causes of recurrent cardioembolism and managed routinely by surgery. A first catheter closure of a giant LAAA is reported, when a recent cerebral infarct precluded immediate surgery. Planning included ostial measurement on multimodal imaging, echo navigation for septal puncture, rotational angiogram for profiling, overlay imaging for device placement, and cerebral embolic protection from thrombus debris. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sivakumar Kothandam Rajeshkumar Ramasamy Source Type: research

Percutaneous closure of small subpulmonic ventricular septal defect with an ADO I PDA occluder in a child
Parag Barwad, Krishna Prasad, B Dinakar, Anish Bhargav, Krishna Santosh, Sanjeev NaganurAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):349-352 Ventricular septal defects (VSDs) comprise the most common congenital heart defect at birth. The chances of spontaneous closure of VSD depend on the size and location of the defect. Subpulmonic location is an unlikely site for the VSD to close spontaneously and known to have complications such as aortic valve prolapse and regurgitation. Percutaneous closure has become the preferred strategy for small–moderate-sized VSDs located in muscular, perimembranous areas. Subpulmonic locati...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Parag Barwad Krishna Prasad B Dinakar Anish Bhargav Krishna Santosh Sanjeev Naganur Source Type: research

Ultrasound-guided intraoperative trans-epicardial needle biopsy of an intracardiac tumor
We describe the use of a novel interventional approach to the histopathologic diagnosis of a ventricular septal tumor using intraoperative ultrasound-guided trans-epicardial biopsy without the need for cardiopulmonary bypass in a 2-year-old child. This novel approach has not been previously reported. Multidisciplinary collaboration between cardiothoracic surgery, cardiology, cardiac imaging, and interventional radiology provided the ability to perform cardiac biopsy. This technique may be used in specific cases of cardiac tumors where tissue diagnosis is important, but surgical resection is deemed excessively risky or impo...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Subhrajit Lahiri Henri Justino Jeffrey S Heinle Jose Alberto Hernandez Christina Y Miyake Source Type: research

Total transcatheter correction of scimitar variant having dual pulmonary venous drainage
This report discusses the embryogenesis and angiographic findings of scimitar variants, indications for interventions, and issues in its management. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Arvind Sahadev Singh Kothandam Sivakumar Source Type: research

A case report of myocarditis masquerading as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
We report the case of a 16-year-old girl diagnosed with myocarditis, although initial echocardiographic imaging was consistent with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The diagnosis of myocarditis was made with the findings of troponin elevation, presence of influenza A, and a more characteristic electrocardiogram. She eventually made a full recovery. Clinicians must be vigilant for such rare presentations of myocarditis masquerading as HCM. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Jaclyn R Giafaglione Adam K Morrison Deipanjan Nandi Source Type: research

Isolated left ventricular hypoplasia - A singularity
Naseer A Choh, Saika Amreen, Amber Bashir Mir, Aadil Hussain Malik, Mudasir Hameed, Feroze Shaheen, Tariq A GojwariAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):337-339 Isolated left ventricular hypoplasia is an entity with uncertain natural history and etiology. The presentation could vary from being asymptomatic to sudden death. This form of cardiomyopathy has been reported in infants as well as in adults. This case report aims to alert physicians to this diagnosis and the undeniable advantage of cardiac magnetic resonance. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Naseer A Choh Saika Amreen Amber Bashir Mir Aadil Hussain Malik Mudasir Hameed Feroze Shaheen Tariq A Gojwari Source Type: research

Angiotensin receptor and neprylisin inhibitor: A new drug in pediatric cardiologist & #39;s armamentarium
Adhi Arya, Sushil Azad, Radhakrishnan SitaramanAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):334-336 Heart failure due to congenital heart disease and cardiomyopathies is a significant burden in the pediatric population. Pharmacological strategies for the management of pediatric heart failure are largely based on the extrapolation of adult data and Delphi process based on expert opinion. There are differences in the etiology, clinical course, and outcome of pediatric heart failure as compared to adult, thus the results of adult heart failure trials cannot be simply extrapolated to pediatric patients. There have been a lot of ...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Adhi Arya Sushil Azad Radhakrishnan Sitaraman Source Type: research

Use of institutional criteria for transcatheter device closure of Fontan fenestration & #8211; Midterm outcomes
Conclusions: Using institutional criteria, transcatheter device closure of Fontan fenestration was followed by significant increase in oxygen saturations and no statistically significant difference in morbidity or mortality between closure and nonclosure groups. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nikhil Thatte Vivian Dimas Alan Nugent Thomas Zellers Joseph Forbess Luis Zabala Song Zhang Surendranath R Veeram Reddy Source Type: research

Birth prevalence and late diagnosis of critical congenital heart disease: A population-based study from a middle-income country
Conclusions : Due to limited resources in the MIC, the late diagnosis of CCHD is high but does not affect the outcome. Nevertheless, the timing of diagnosis has improved over time. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mohd Nizam Mat Bah Mohd Hanafi Sapian Emieliyuza Yusnita Alias Source Type: research

Clinical and hemodynamic effect of endothelin receptor antagonists in eisenmenger syndrome
Conclusion: Implementation of ERA in Eisenmenger improves 6-min walking distance and pulmonary vascular pressure indices. Earlier administration of ERA might be beneficial, further studies are needed to assess mortality benefit of this agent. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Emir Yonas Raymond Pranata Muhammad Yamin Nuvi Nusarintowati Siti Elkana Nauli Hafil Budianto Abdulgani Bambang Budi Siswanto Source Type: research

Detection of parvovirus B19 and human herpesvirus 6 in pediatric dilated cardiomyopathy: Impact after heart transplantation
Conclusions: There is an association between PVB19 and HHV-6 infection and DCM in children. The study suggests the persistence of PVB19 and HHV-6 in the host can lead to subsequent viral reactivation in the transplanted heart, even in those recipients who do not have active myocarditis. PVB19 in the cardiac allograft tended toward higher adverse post-HT events. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Bibhuti B Das Bhupesh K Prusty Jianli Niu Meei-Li Huang Haiying Zhu Eva Eliassen Jane M Kuypers Keith R Jerome Source Type: research

Right ventricular dilatation in patients with pulmonary regurgitation after repair of tetralogy of Fallot: How fast does it progress ?
Conclusion: In the majority of patients with repaired TOF and severe PR, RV dilatation is unchanged during a follow-up of 3 years. RV dilatation seems to progress early after surgery and subsequently stabilize. RV dilatation significantly progresses in a subgroup of 24% of patients, with a shorter time interval since surgical repair. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Martin Hoelscher Francesca Bonassin Angela Oxenius Burkhart Seifert Benedetta Leonardi Christian J Kellenberger Emanuela R Valsangiacomo Buechel Source Type: research

Purulent pericardial effusion in children: Experience from a tertiary care center in North India
Conclusion: Echocardiography-guided percutaneous pericardiocentesis and pigtail catheter placement are a safe and effective treatment for purulent pericardial effusion. When pericardial drainage is not amenable, close monitoring of the size of effusion by serial echocardiography is required. Small residual pericardial effusion may be managed conservatively. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Anika Agrawal Urmila Jhamb Arima Nigam Shipra Agrwal Romit Saxena Source Type: research

Clinical score to detect congenital heart defects: Concept of second screening
Conclusions: The history- and examination-based tool is an effective method for early identification of CHD and can easily be used by peripheral workers working in remote places with poor resources enabling prompt referral. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Fazil M Izhar Shaad Abqari Tabassum Shahab Syed Manazir Ali Source Type: research

Editorial: Change of guard
Krishna Subramony IyerAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):279-280 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Krishna Subramony Iyer Source Type: research

Vertical vein stenting as a therapeutic strategy for obstructed supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection
Gaurav Kumar, Romila Chimoriya, Neeraj Awasthy, KS DagarAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):379-381 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Gaurav Kumar Romila Chimoriya Neeraj Awasthy KS Dagar Source Type: research

Pulmonary hypertension secondary to pulmonary veno occlusive disease: Catastrophe in the catheterization laboratory
Anuj Sharma, Prashant Raviprakash Bobhate, Tanuja Karande, Ravindra Pawar, Snehal KulkarniAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):377-379 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Anuj Sharma Prashant Raviprakash Bobhate Tanuja Karande Ravindra Pawar Snehal Kulkarni Source Type: research

Authors & #39; reply
Anita Saxena, Jay RelanAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):376-377 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Anita Saxena Jay Relan Source Type: research

Anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation in children; one size doesn & #39;t fit all!
Sanjeev Hanumantacharya Naganur, Jyothi Vijay, Parag BarwadAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):375-376 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sanjeev Hanumantacharya Naganur Jyothi Vijay Parag Barwad Source Type: research

Congenital absence of pericardium
Rahul Nikam, Jordan Rapp, Ashrith Kandula, Snigdha Puram, David SaulAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):373-374 A 16-year-old girl presented to the emergency department with orthopnea and exercise intolerance for 1 week. Electrocardiogram at that time showed rightward deviation of the cardiac axis, with nonspecific T-wave inversion in the lateral precordial leads and flattening in the inferior leads. She was discharged from the emergency department with cardiology follow-up. Subsequent echocardiogram demonstrated that “the heart is in a funny position in the chest,” and computed tomography of the chest w...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Rahul Nikam Jordan Rapp Ashrith Kandula Snigdha Puram David Saul Source Type: research

Thrombus in transit after balloon atrial septostomy
We report an unusual cause for the same. A thrombus in transit has not been previously reported following BAS. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sakshi Sachdeva Samir Shakya Shyam Sunder Kothari Source Type: research

Congenital right ventricular diverticulum: An atypical presentation
We present a case of a 4-month-old child who had dextrocardia, large inlet ventricular septal defect, amounting to single ventricle, and severe pulmonary artery hypertension. There was a right ventricular diverticulum which passed through the foramina of Morgagni to give rise to a pulsating lump in the epigastrium. Right ventricular diverticulum presenting with a pulsating mass in the abdomen is a rare entity. The confirmation of diverticulum was made with histopathology. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Debasis Das Nilanjan Dutta Arya Kamal Das Manish Kumar Sharma Rangan Koley Amitabha Chattopadhyay Sanjiban Ghosh Shubhadeep Das Source Type: research

Left isomerism with bilateral superior vena cava, interrupted inferior vena cava and tetralogy of Fallot
We present our experience with a case of left isomerism with bilateral superior vena cava, interrupted inferior vena cava, and TOF managed by atrial septation and intracardiac repair. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nikhil Bansal Rajarshi Ghosh Lakshmi Kumari Sankhyan Sujoy Chatterjee Srirup Chatterjee Satyajit Bose Source Type: research

D-transposition of the great arteries with right-sided pulmonary hypoplasia
Mary E Sterrett, Eugene Y Chang, Neha Kumar, Keith B Willan, Sinai C ZyblewskiAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):361-363 Unilateral pulmonary agenesis or aplasia (UPA) in combination with congenital heart defects is rare and has not been reported in connection with transposition of the great arteries. This case demonstrated dextroposition of the fetal heart, and subsequent scans could not clearly visualize the right pulmonary artery. UPA should be considered in the workup and counseling for a family in the setting of fetal heart malposition, as there is a significant clinical impact. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mary E Sterrett Eugene Y Chang Neha Kumar Keith B Willan Sinai C Zyblewski Source Type: research

Late transcatheter recanalization of a closed ductus arteriosus in a 2-month-old infant with tetralogy of Fallot and isolated left pulmonary artery
We report a successful late transcatheter recanalization of the closed ductus arteriosus in a 2-month-old infant with tetralogy of Fallot, right aortic arch, and an isolated left pulmonary artery (LPA). We achieved adequate LPA growth before complete repair. There were no procedural complications. This procedure is rare in Western countries due to universal pulse oximetry screening and increased fetal diagnoses. The procedure is technically challenging in the absence of any angiographic flow into the ductus. Evidence of a ductal ampulla increases the chances of success. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Aziez Ahmed Gary Anthony LaCroix Anas Hasan Bader Ishqair Pushpa Shivaram Srikant Das Source Type: research

Planning and execution of catheter closure of a giant left atrial appendage aneurysm causing recurrent cardioembolism
Sivakumar Kothandam, Rajeshkumar RamasamyAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):353-356 Giant left atrial appendage aneurysms (LAAAs) are rare causes of recurrent cardioembolism and managed routinely by surgery. A first catheter closure of a giant LAAA is reported, when a recent cerebral infarct precluded immediate surgery. Planning included ostial measurement on multimodal imaging, echo navigation for septal puncture, rotational angiogram for profiling, overlay imaging for device placement, and cerebral embolic protection from thrombus debris. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sivakumar Kothandam Rajeshkumar Ramasamy Source Type: research

Percutaneous closure of small subpulmonic ventricular septal defect with an ADO I PDA occluder in a child
Parag Barwad, Krishna Prasad, B Dinakar, Anish Bhargav, Krishna Santosh, Sanjeev NaganurAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):349-352 Ventricular septal defects (VSDs) comprise the most common congenital heart defect at birth. The chances of spontaneous closure of VSD depend on the size and location of the defect. Subpulmonic location is an unlikely site for the VSD to close spontaneously and known to have complications such as aortic valve prolapse and regurgitation. Percutaneous closure has become the preferred strategy for small–moderate-sized VSDs located in muscular, perimembranous areas. Subpulmonic locati...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Parag Barwad Krishna Prasad B Dinakar Anish Bhargav Krishna Santosh Sanjeev Naganur Source Type: research

Ultrasound-guided intraoperative trans-epicardial needle biopsy of an intracardiac tumor
We describe the use of a novel interventional approach to the histopathologic diagnosis of a ventricular septal tumor using intraoperative ultrasound-guided trans-epicardial biopsy without the need for cardiopulmonary bypass in a 2-year-old child. This novel approach has not been previously reported. Multidisciplinary collaboration between cardiothoracic surgery, cardiology, cardiac imaging, and interventional radiology provided the ability to perform cardiac biopsy. This technique may be used in specific cases of cardiac tumors where tissue diagnosis is important, but surgical resection is deemed excessively risky or impo...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Subhrajit Lahiri Henri Justino Jeffrey S Heinle Jose Alberto Hernandez Christina Y Miyake Source Type: research

Total transcatheter correction of scimitar variant having dual pulmonary venous drainage
This report discusses the embryogenesis and angiographic findings of scimitar variants, indications for interventions, and issues in its management. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Arvind Sahadev Singh Kothandam Sivakumar Source Type: research

A case report of myocarditis masquerading as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
We report the case of a 16-year-old girl diagnosed with myocarditis, although initial echocardiographic imaging was consistent with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The diagnosis of myocarditis was made with the findings of troponin elevation, presence of influenza A, and a more characteristic electrocardiogram. She eventually made a full recovery. Clinicians must be vigilant for such rare presentations of myocarditis masquerading as HCM. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Jaclyn R Giafaglione Adam K Morrison Deipanjan Nandi Source Type: research

Isolated left ventricular hypoplasia - A singularity
Naseer A Choh, Saika Amreen, Amber Bashir Mir, Aadil Hussain Malik, Mudasir Hameed, Feroze Shaheen, Tariq A GojwariAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):337-339 Isolated left ventricular hypoplasia is an entity with uncertain natural history and etiology. The presentation could vary from being asymptomatic to sudden death. This form of cardiomyopathy has been reported in infants as well as in adults. This case report aims to alert physicians to this diagnosis and the undeniable advantage of cardiac magnetic resonance. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Naseer A Choh Saika Amreen Amber Bashir Mir Aadil Hussain Malik Mudasir Hameed Feroze Shaheen Tariq A Gojwari Source Type: research

Angiotensin receptor and neprylisin inhibitor: A new drug in pediatric cardiologist & #39;s armamentarium
Adhi Arya, Sushil Azad, Radhakrishnan SitaramanAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):334-336 Heart failure due to congenital heart disease and cardiomyopathies is a significant burden in the pediatric population. Pharmacological strategies for the management of pediatric heart failure are largely based on the extrapolation of adult data and Delphi process based on expert opinion. There are differences in the etiology, clinical course, and outcome of pediatric heart failure as compared to adult, thus the results of adult heart failure trials cannot be simply extrapolated to pediatric patients. There have been a lot of ...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Adhi Arya Sushil Azad Radhakrishnan Sitaraman Source Type: research

Use of institutional criteria for transcatheter device closure of Fontan fenestration & #8211; Midterm outcomes
Conclusions: Using institutional criteria, transcatheter device closure of Fontan fenestration was followed by significant increase in oxygen saturations and no statistically significant difference in morbidity or mortality between closure and nonclosure groups. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nikhil Thatte Vivian Dimas Alan Nugent Thomas Zellers Joseph Forbess Luis Zabala Song Zhang Surendranath R Veeram Reddy Source Type: research

Birth prevalence and late diagnosis of critical congenital heart disease: A population-based study from a middle-income country
Conclusions : Due to limited resources in the MIC, the late diagnosis of CCHD is high but does not affect the outcome. Nevertheless, the timing of diagnosis has improved over time. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mohd Nizam Mat Bah Mohd Hanafi Sapian Emieliyuza Yusnita Alias Source Type: research

Clinical and hemodynamic effect of endothelin receptor antagonists in eisenmenger syndrome
Conclusion: Implementation of ERA in Eisenmenger improves 6-min walking distance and pulmonary vascular pressure indices. Earlier administration of ERA might be beneficial, further studies are needed to assess mortality benefit of this agent. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Emir Yonas Raymond Pranata Muhammad Yamin Nuvi Nusarintowati Siti Elkana Nauli Hafil Budianto Abdulgani Bambang Budi Siswanto Source Type: research

Detection of parvovirus B19 and human herpesvirus 6 in pediatric dilated cardiomyopathy: Impact after heart transplantation
Conclusions: There is an association between PVB19 and HHV-6 infection and DCM in children. The study suggests the persistence of PVB19 and HHV-6 in the host can lead to subsequent viral reactivation in the transplanted heart, even in those recipients who do not have active myocarditis. PVB19 in the cardiac allograft tended toward higher adverse post-HT events. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Bibhuti B Das Bhupesh K Prusty Jianli Niu Meei-Li Huang Haiying Zhu Eva Eliassen Jane M Kuypers Keith R Jerome Source Type: research

Right ventricular dilatation in patients with pulmonary regurgitation after repair of tetralogy of Fallot: How fast does it progress ?
Conclusion: In the majority of patients with repaired TOF and severe PR, RV dilatation is unchanged during a follow-up of 3 years. RV dilatation seems to progress early after surgery and subsequently stabilize. RV dilatation significantly progresses in a subgroup of 24% of patients, with a shorter time interval since surgical repair. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Martin Hoelscher Francesca Bonassin Angela Oxenius Burkhart Seifert Benedetta Leonardi Christian J Kellenberger Emanuela R Valsangiacomo Buechel Source Type: research

Purulent pericardial effusion in children: Experience from a tertiary care center in North India
Conclusion: Echocardiography-guided percutaneous pericardiocentesis and pigtail catheter placement are a safe and effective treatment for purulent pericardial effusion. When pericardial drainage is not amenable, close monitoring of the size of effusion by serial echocardiography is required. Small residual pericardial effusion may be managed conservatively. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Anika Agrawal Urmila Jhamb Arima Nigam Shipra Agrwal Romit Saxena Source Type: research

Clinical score to detect congenital heart defects: Concept of second screening
Conclusions: The history- and examination-based tool is an effective method for early identification of CHD and can easily be used by peripheral workers working in remote places with poor resources enabling prompt referral. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Fazil M Izhar Shaad Abqari Tabassum Shahab Syed Manazir Ali Source Type: research

Editorial: Change of guard
Krishna Subramony IyerAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(4):279-280 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Krishna Subramony Iyer Source Type: research