Isolation of the left brachiocephalic artery revisited: A 52-year literature review and introduction of a novel anatomic-clinical-prognostic classification
Elaheh Malakan Rad, Hamid Reza PouraliakbarAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(2):117-129 Isolation of the left brachiocephalic artery (ILBA) is an extremely rare anomaly of aortic arch with diverse manifestations in the neurologic system, heart, and left upper arm. This anomaly is defined as the absence of connection of the left brachiocephalic artery (LBA) to aortic arch and connection of LBA to pulmonary artery (PA) through a patent arterial duct (PAD). However, this definition is not inclusive of all cases. Not only are there inconsistencies in the definition and terminology of this aortic arch anomaly but also the...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - April 29, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Elaheh Malakan Rad Hamid Reza Pouraliakbar Source Type: research

A new low-cost method of virtual cardiac dissection of computed tomographic datasets
We present here the details of a newly developed technique that permits virtual cardiac dissection using a personal computer and open-source software. Our technique involves no additional cost and can be achieved in the comfort of the office or operating room of the cardiologist, radiologist, or cardiac surgeon. This enhanced three-dimensional visualization of intracardiac anatomy will surely improve the understanding of the morphological details of both normal and malformed hearts. In addition, by permitting assessment in projections with which modern-day cardiologists and cardiac surgeons are conversant, it is likely to ...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - April 29, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Saurabh Kumar Gupta Diane E Spicer Robert H Anderson Source Type: research

Atrioventricular septal defect and tetralogy of Fallot & #8211; A single tertiary center experience: A retrospective review
Conclusion: CAVSD/TOF can be repaired with low mortality and morbidity. The use of RVOT stent has replaced the surgical (S-P) shunt with acceptable results in our center. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - April 29, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Khaled A Alhawri Colin J Mcmahon Mohammed M Alrih Yamin Alzein Asad A Khan Suhaib K Mohammed Khaled S Alalwi Kevin P Walsh Damien P Kenny Jonathon G McGuinness Lars Nolke John M Redmond Source Type: research

Acetaminophen in low doses for closure of the ductus arteriosus of the premature
Conclusions: Acetaminophen in low doses showed to be an effective alternative for the closure of the ductus arteriosus for preterm newborns in whom treatment with indomethacin or ibuprofen failed or was contraindicated. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - April 29, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Adriana Furletti Machado Guimar & #227;es F & #225;tima Derlene Rocha Ara & #250;jo Zilda Maria Alves Meira Henrique Assis Fonseca Tonelli Guilherme Gomes Duarte L & #237;via Castro Ribeiro Gabriele Queiroz Monteiro Rezende Sandra Regina Tolentino Castilh Source Type: research

Prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension in schoolchildren from Central India
Conclusions: Our results show a high prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension in Indore schoolchildren with age and height being significant determinants. This highlights the need for routine BP measurements in children by pediatricians when they treat them for intercurrent illnesses or vaccinate them. It should also be mandatory as a part of school health checkup programs to detect childhood hypertension for further counseling and therapy. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - April 29, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ashish Patel Anil Bharani Meenakshi Sharma Anuradha Bhagwat Neepa Ganguli Dharampal Singh Chouhan Source Type: research

Modulation of plasma triglycerides concentration by sterol-based treatment in children carrying different genes
Conclusions: Further studies are needed to establish which genotype combinations would be the most protective against hypertriglyceridemia. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - April 29, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ismael San Mauro Mart & #237;n Sara Sanz Rojo Elena Garicano Vilar Luis Collado Yurrita Javier Andr & #233;s Blumenfeld Olivares Source Type: research

Improvement of cardiopulmonary function after minimally invasive surgical repair of pectus excavatum (Nuss procedure) in children
Conclusions: We found that, after repair of pectus excavatum by Nuss procedure, the exercise capacity as measured by maximal oxygen consumption improved significantly primarily due to increase in oxygen pulse, an indirect measurement of stroke volume. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - April 29, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Bibhuti B Das Michael R Recto Thomas Yeh Source Type: research

High blood pressure in children: The invisible dragon
Sivasubramonian SivasankaranAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(2):73-76 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - April 29, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sivasubramonian Sivasankaran Source Type: research

Dr Rajnish Juneja & #8211; A light burnt bright
Shyam Sunder Kothari, Sivasubramanian RamakrishnanAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(1):71-71 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shyam Sunder Kothari Sivasubramanian Ramakrishnan Source Type: research

Vertical vein aneurysm in supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection
We present a 14-year-old male with supracardiac TAPVC with a vertical vein aneurysm, probably secondary to stenosis caused by a thin membranous web just proximal to the aneurysm. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Niraj Nirmal Pandey Arun Sharma Sanjeev Kumar Source Type: research

Bronchial compression as adverse effect of right pulmonary artery stenting in a patient with truncus arteriosus communis and interrupted aortic arch
We present a case of bronchial compression as adverse effect of right pulmonary artery (PA) stenting in an infant with TAC (Type 4A)-IAA (Type B) repair. Due to growth potential, self-expandable metal stent was applied for postoperative proximal right PA stenosis, which caused bronchial compression. Later, we found patient having bronchomalacia. Surgical removal was needed. Stent insertion might be an option for postoperative PA stenosis, but bronchial compression might be a potential risk, particularly in patients with bronchomalacia. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Koh Takeuchi Aseem Srivastava Dennis R Steed Source Type: research

Unroofed coronary sinus: An unusual interatrial communication and a rare childhood entity
We report a case of this unusual form of interatrial communication without any associated anomalies in a 7-year-old girl child who presented to us with exertional dyspnea. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lakshmi Murli MS Ranjit Prashant Shah Source Type: research

Novel use of covered stents to treat profound cyanosis in a hepatic vein exclusion Fontan
We present the case of a child with heterotaxy, dextrocardia, single-ventricle physiology, and anomalous hepatic venous drainage that resulted in profound shunting and cyanosis. We addressed the problem utilizing a novel strategy with a “fenestrated” covered stent. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sarosh P Batlivala Makram R Ebeid Source Type: research

Double whammy: A case of bilateral bicuspid arterial valves in transposition, with a review of the literature
We report the first ever case of bilateral bicuspid semilunar valves in a case of transposition. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Pushpa Shivaram Kavisha Shah Amy Dossey Brian Reemtsen Robert H Anderson Source Type: research

Ventricular arrhythmia: A feature of tubercular myocarditis
We report a 13 year old male who presented with ventriculat tachycardia. On evaluation he was observed to have MRI features and workup consistent with nodular variant of tubercular myocarditis. Child had fatal outcome on follow up. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Neeraj Awasthy Riya Garg Apoorav Goel Mona Bhatia S Radhakrishnan Source Type: research

Repair of scimitar syndrome using an extracardiac conduit in pediatric patients: Report of two patients
Koray Ak, Berna Saylan Cevik, Sinan Arsan, Figen Akalin, Adnan CobanogluAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(1):49-52 Scimitar syndrome (SS) can be repaired by different surgical techniques including direct implantation, intracardiac rerouting, and in situ pericardial channel to direct the Scimitar vein (SV) to the left atrium. The presence of several anatomical variations such as remote infradiaphragmatic drainage of the SV and abnormal situs makes the repair more challenging with conventional repair techniques. In this paper, we present our experience in using an extracardiac-ringed polytetrafluoroethylene conduit in ...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Koray Ak Berna Saylan Cevik Sinan Arsan Figen Akalin Adnan Cobanoglu Source Type: research

Symptomatic improvement using everolimus in infants with cardiac rhabdomyoma
Conclusion: Everolimus appears to be useful in selected cases of symptomatic CR. Multicentric studies are needed to determine its safety and efficacy in larger population. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Bhargavi Dhulipudi Shweta Bhakru Saileela Rajan Vinoth Doraiswamy Nageswara Rao Koneti Source Type: research

Outcome of pediatric cardiac surgery and predictors of major complication in a developing country
Conclusion: One-fifth of children undergoing cardiac surgery experienced major complications with around 13% mortality. Cyanotic congenital heart disease, longer duration of CPB, high inotropes on leaving operating theater, and increase in blood lactate are associated with major complications in children after cardiac surgery. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Indah K Murni Mulyadi M Djer Piprim B Yanuarso Sukman T Putra Najib Advani Jusuf Rachmat Aries Perdana Rubiana Sukardi Source Type: research

N-terminal-pro-b-type natriuretic peptide levels and cardiac hemosiderosis in adolescent & #946;-thalassemia major patients
Conclusion: Measurement of NT-proBNP levels cannot be used for early detection of cardiac iron overload in adolescent with β-thalassemia major. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ahmad Kautsar Najib Advani Murti Andriastuti Source Type: research

Short-term clinical and echocardiographic outcomes after use of polytetrafluoroethylene bicuspid pulmonary valve during the repair of tetralogy of Fallot
Conclusion: Incorporation of PTFE bicuspid pulmonary valve during the repair of TOF appears to facilitate early extubation and thus reduces ventilator-associated comorbidities. Study needs further long-term follow-up to look for behavior of PTFE bicuspid valve. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Prashant Ramdas Wankhade Neeraj Aggarwal Reena Khantwal Joshi Mridul Agarwal Raja Joshi Ashwani Mehta Sibashankar Kar Source Type: research

Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio used as prognostic factor marker for dilated cardiomyopathy in childhood and adolescence
Conclusions: NLR (≥5.2) and lymphopenia (≤1000 lymphocyte/μL) were associated with a poor prognosis and a higher chance of evolution to death or cardiac transplant, similar to the findings for BNP. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: F & #225;tima Derlene da Rocha Ara & #250;jo Rose Mary Ferreira da Lisboa Silva Camilla Andrade Lima Oliveira Zilda Maria Alves Meira Source Type: research

Early predictors of cardiac dysfunction in Egyptian children with chronic kidney disease
Conclusions: Hyperphosphatemia and high Ca×Po4 product were considered of prognostic value as they predict early diastolic dysfunction and increased LVM in children with CKD. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mohamed Abdelaziz El-Gamasy Walid Ahmed El-Shehaby Maaly M Mabrouk Source Type: research

Early right ventricular function following trans-right atrial versus trans-right atrial, trans-right ventricular repair of Tetralogy of Fallot: Results of a prospective randomized study
Conclusion: Both t-RA and t-RA/RV approaches provide safe palliation for patients with TOF. A limited right ventriculotomy neither leads to deleterious effects on early RV function nor does it increase the incidence of arrhythmias at early follow-up. Larger studies with longer follow-up are needed to further address these issues. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sachin Talwar Abhishek Anand Bharat Siddarth Sivasubramanian Ramakrishnan Shiv Kumar Choudhary Balram Airan Source Type: research

Pediatric cardiac surgery in low- and middle-income countries & #8211; Fighting the odds
Krishna S IyerAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019 12(1):1-2 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Krishna S Iyer Source Type: research

Erratum: Fetal cardiac arrhythmias: Current evidence
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):332-332 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Professor Ivatury Mritunjay Rao
Krishna Subramony IyerAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):330-331 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Krishna Subramony Iyer Source Type: research

Coronary-to-pulmonary artery collaterals in pulmonary atresia
Deepa Sasikumar, Bijulal Sasidharan, Anoop Ayyappan, Arun Gopalakrishnan, Kavasseri M KrishnamoorthyAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):328-329 A 2-month-old baby with ventricular septal defect and pulmonary atresia was found to have coronary-to-pulmonary artery collaterals. Cardiac computed tomography confirmed the coronary collaterals and showed the absence of other systemic to pulmonary artery collaterals. Although these collaterals do not cause coronary ischemia, it is important to delineate them by accurate imaging to plan the appropriate surgical strategy. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Deepa Sasikumar Bijulal Sasidharan Anoop Ayyappan Arun Gopalakrishnan Kavasseri M Krishnamoorthy Source Type: research

Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery associated with an aortopulmonary window
Padebettu Subramanya Seetharama Bhat, Chandana Nirmala Chandrashekar, Divya Mallikarjun, SL Girish GowdaAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):325-327 Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery (RCA) from the pulmonary artery is a rare entity that causes chronic left-to-right shunting of blood from the RCA, through the coronary collaterals into the pulmonary artery. This results in persistent myocardial ischemia and ventricular dysfunction. Association of this anomaly with an aortopulmonary window worsens the condition further due to an additional shunt. We encountered a combination of these two anomalies along with...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Padebettu Subramanya Seetharama Bhat Chandana Nirmala Chandrashekar Divya Mallikarjun SL Girish Gowda Source Type: research

Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection masking an aortopulmonary window: A rare combination of defects
We report a unique case of an 8-month-old child who presented with congestive cardiac failure and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. Initial echocardiography revealed supracardiac TAPVC. Cardiac computed tomography showed the presence of Type I AP window along with the TAPVC. In the presence of severe pulmonary hypertension and dilated right ventricle, AP window may easily be missed if not actively looked for. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shyamajit Samaddar Dheeraj Bhatt Munish Guleria Dinesh Kumar Yadav Anubhav Gupta Source Type: research

Neonatal supraventricular extrasystole as early clinical debut of cardiac rhabdomyoma
Roger Esmel-Vilomara, Amparo Castellote, Luz Santana, Dimpna Calila AlbertAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):318-321 We are reporting the case of a newborn with a diagnosis of frequent supraventricular extrasystoles, up to 25% of beats at Holter monitoring, and partial response to beta-blockers. Initial echocardiographic studies were normal until the identification of a right atrial mass at 4 months of life. Given the progressive growth of the mass and the suspicion of myxoma or thrombus in the magnetic resonance study, surgical resection of the tumor was performed. The surgical specimen was histologically diag...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Roger Esmel-Vilomara Amparo Castellote Luz Santana Dimpna Calila Albert Source Type: research

Balloon angioplasty for supravalvular aortic stenosis as an early complication following arterial switch operation
We describe two cases of supravalvular aortic stenosis at the anastomotic site as an early complication of the arterial switch operation. Both patients underwent balloon angioplasty of the supravalvular aorta with improvement in postangioplasty gradients and angiographic appearance. Both patients at short-term follow-up had persistent improved gradient without need for further intervention. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kaitlin Carr Osamah Aldoss Bijoy Thattaliyath Manish Bansal Source Type: research

Takayasu & #39;s aorto-arteritis: Not your regular lesion for angioplasty
We report a case of a 6-year-old female child with Takayasu's aorto-arteritis (TA) with severe coarctation of the aorta which resulted in an aortic dissection post-ballooning. This happened despite ensuring that markers for disease activity were negative, with appropriate corticosteroid therapy started before the procedure, and using a low-profile, low-pressure, and slightly undersized balloon for dilating the stenotic segment. It required immediate endovascular stenting to tide over the crisis. Following the procedure, she became normotensive with well-palpable lower limb pulses. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Navdeep Singh Vivek Athwani Vikas Bansal Shaveta Kundra Source Type: research

Morphology of intramural ventricular septal defects: Clinical imaging and autopsy correlation
We describe two cases of IVSDs with their clinical imaging and postmortem pathology. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Neil D Patel Richard W Kim Suwanna Pornrattanarungsi Pierre C Wong Source Type: research

Endovascular management of vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation in a neonate
Siddharthan Deepti, Rajnish Juneja, Leve Joseph Devarajan SebastianAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):304-307 A term baby presented on the 7th day of life in cardiogenic shock due to vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation. A successful embolization of the malformation was performed through transarterial route on day 12 of life after a period of initial stabilization. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Siddharthan Deepti Rajnish Juneja Leve Joseph Devarajan Sebastian Source Type: research

Successful Angiojet & #174; aortic thrombectomy of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation-related thrombus in a newborn
We present a 2.5 kg neonate born at 37.4 weeks with hypoplastic left heart supported on ECMO that developed an acute, occlusive distal aortic thrombus that was emergently managed by transcatheter Angiojet® (Boston Scientific, Boston, MA) thrombectomy. The procedure successfully restored perfusion to the lower extremities with sustained result upon 1-week follow-up. This case highlights the Angiojet® thrombectomy as a treatment option for limb- or organ-threatening acute thrombus in even the most complex ECMO patients. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Maria Elena Gutierrez Jeffrey A Alten Mark A Law Source Type: research

Late recovery of sinus rhythm following perioperative complete atrioventricular block in a child with congenitally corrected transposition
We report a patient with l-transposition of the great arteries who developed perioperative complete atrioventricular block at 5 years of age in conjunction with a modified double-switch operation, but had unexpected late recovery of normal sinus rhythm months later. This case highlights that even for patients with l-transposition, which is particularly vulnerable to developing both spontaneous and perioperative complete atrioventricular block, late recovery of atrioventricular node conduction may still be possible after surgery. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Eric Allen Pasman Matthew Needleman Joseph William May Source Type: research

Rationale and design of long-term outcomes and vascular evaluation after successful coarctation of the aorta treatment study
Conclusion: Treatment modalities for CoA may have distinct impact on large and small arterial vascular function. The results of this study will help identify the treatment modality that is associated with the most optimal level of vascular function, which, in the long term, may reduce CV risk. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Jose D Martins Justin Zachariah Elif Seda Selamet Tierney Uyen Truong Shaine A Morris Shelby Kutty Sarah D de Ferranti Jonathan Rhodes Marta Antonio Maria Guarino Boban Thomas Diana Oliveira Kimberlee Gauvreau Nuno Jalles Tal Geva Miguel Carmo Ashwin Prak Source Type: research

Descending aortic translocation procedure for relief of bronchial compression in left aortic arch and right descending aorta
Roy Varghese, Ronak Sheth, Sivakumar KothandamAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):278-281 Compression of the left bronchus by a right-sided descending aorta arising from a left aortic arch constitutes an exceedingly rare form of vascular ring. This manuscript describes the surgical technique that involves translocation of the descending aorta directly to the proximal ascending aorta, thereby relieving the bronchial compression. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Roy Varghese Ronak Sheth Sivakumar Kothandam Source Type: research

Modified technique for uncommon coarctation of the aorta with arch hypoplasia
Brijesh Parayaru Kottayil, Praveen R Bayya, Luis Baquero, Amitabh C Sen, Raman K KumarAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):275-277 A true presubclavian coarctation of the aorta with arch hypoplasia without major intracardiac anomaly can result in a surgical dilemma. Theoretically, one can avoid repair through median sternotomy using selective cerebral perfusion and its sequelae since no major intracardiac repair is needed. Repair through thoracotomy is technically challenging if arch reconstruction is required and precise surgical planning is required to avoid spinal hypoperfusion and to maintain cerebral perfusion. ...
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Brijesh Parayaru Kottayil Praveen R Bayya Luis Baquero Amitabh C Sen Raman K Kumar Source Type: research

Early outcomes of modification of end to side repair of coarctation of aorta with arch hypoplasia in neonates and infants
Conclusion: End-to-side anastomosis of the descending aorta to the proximal arch and side of the ascending aorta is possible through a thoracotomy and can be achieved with good outcome in neonates and infants. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Anil Kumar Dharmapuram Nagarajan Ramadoss Sudeep Verma Goutami Vejendla Rao Mrutyunjaya Ivatury Source Type: research

Native aortic coarctation in neonates and infants: Immediate and midterm outcomes with balloon angioplasty and surgery
Conclusion: In neonates with native aortic coarctation, surgery unequivocally yields better immediate and midterm results and is the preferred treatment modality. In older infants, balloon coarctoplasty has good early and midterm outcomes with acceptable reintervention rates and should be considered a viable alternative to surgery, especially in critical patients with high surgical risk. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Supratim Sen Sandeep Garg Suresh G Rao Snehal Kulkarni Source Type: research

Predictors of abnormal electrocardiograms in the pediatric emergency department
Conclusions: In this cohort of patients, those with a chief complaint of chest pain or known respiratory conditions and normal age-adjusted vital signs in the ED have low likelihood of an abnormal ECG. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shiv Gandhi Miranda Lin Sharon R Smith Jesse J Sturm Source Type: research

Validation of the accuracy of handheld echocardiography for diagnosis of congenital heart disease
Conclusion: This study supports extending the utility of HHE in children for screening of CHD in addition to its current role in rheumatic heart disease screening. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sulafa Ali Tajudeen Bushari Source Type: research

Transposition of the great arteries: A laterality defect in the group of heterotaxy syndromes or an outflow tract malformation ?
Conclusion: In contrast to recently published genetic data, our morphological data do not disclose a significant link between TGA and heterotaxy. (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Rana S Al-Zahrani Samaher H Alharbi Rawan M A Tuwaijri Bayan T Alzomaili Alaa Althubaiti Talat Mesud Yelbuz Source Type: research

Is transposition a defect of laterality ?
Robert H Anderson, John StickleyAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):235-236 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Robert H Anderson John Stickley Source Type: research

Repaired congenital heart disease and our social milieu
Krishna S IyerAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):233-234 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Krishna S Iyer Source Type: research

Normal reference ranges for cardiac valve cross-sectional areas in preterm infants
Mahmood Dhahir Al-MendalawiAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(2):232-232 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - May 4, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi Source Type: research

Is seeing believing: An obstructed bidirectional Glenn, that wasn & #39;t!
Himanshu Pratap, Neetu Vashisht, Neeraj Awasthy, Kulbhushan Singh DagarAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(2):230-231 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - May 4, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Himanshu Pratap Neetu Vashisht Neeraj Awasthy Kulbhushan Singh Dagar Source Type: research

Transcatheter closure of large aortopulmonary window in a neonate
Girish R Sabnis, Hetan C Shah, Charan P Lanjewar, Sushma Malik, Prafulla G KerkarAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(2):228-230 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - May 4, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Girish R Sabnis Hetan C Shah Charan P Lanjewar Sushma Malik Prafulla G Kerkar Source Type: research

Ivabradine for congenital junctional ectopic tachycardia in siblings
Shyam S Kothari, Bharath Raj Kidambi, Rajnish JunejaAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(2):226-228 (Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology)
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - May 4, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shyam S Kothari Bharath Raj Kidambi Rajnish Juneja Source Type: research