A Review and Reappraisal of the Specific Gravities of Present and Past Multicellular Organisms, with an Emphasis on Tetrapods.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33258532 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - December 1, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Larramendi A, Paul GS, Hsu SY Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Retraction.
Authors: PMID: 33205626 [PubMed] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - November 21, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Retraction.
Authors: PMID: 33205627 [PubMed] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - November 21, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Retraction.
Authors: PMID: 33205628 [PubMed] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - November 21, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Paleoneurology of Baurusuchus (Crocodyliformes: Baurusuchidae), ontogenetic variation, brain size, and sensorial implications.
We present estimates of brain size using simple models, based on modern Crocodylia, able to adapt brain to endocranial cavity ratios to expected ontogenetic variation instead of using fixed ratios. We also analyzed relative brain sizes, olfactory ratios, facial sensation, alert head posture, best hearing frequencies, and hearing range. The calculated endocranial volumes showed that they can be greatly altered by taphonomic processes, altering both total and partial endocranial volumes. Reconstructed endocasts are compatible with different degrees of occupation along the endocranial cavity and some of their characteristics ...
Source: Anatomical Record - November 19, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Dumont MV, Santucci RM, de Andrade MB, de Oliveira CEM Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Domesticating olfaction: Dog breeds, including scent hounds, have reduced cribriform plate morphology relative to wolves.
Abstract The domestic dog is assumed by nearly everyone to be the consummate smeller. Within the species Canis familiaris individual breeds, such as the bloodhound or beagle, are known as olfactory stars. These are "scent breeds," a grouping variably defined as a genetic clade or breed class commonly used for scent detection tasks. Previous work suggests that the dog has a more robust olfactory anatomy than many mammal species. Now we undertake a closer investigation of the dog's olfactory system, both in relationship to its closest wild relatives, the wolf and coyote, and across individual breeds. First...
Source: Anatomical Record - November 17, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Bird DJ, Jacquemetton C, Buelow SA, Evans AW, Van Valkenburgh B Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Msx1 upregulates p27 expression to control cellular proliferation during valvuloseptal endocardial cushion formation in the chick embryonic heart.
In this study, we investigated the expression patterns of Msx1 mRNA and protein during chick heart development. Msx1 mRNA was localized in endothelial cells of the AV region at stage 14, and its protein was first detected at stage 15. Thereafter, Msx1 mRNA and protein were observed in the endothelial and mesenchymal cells of the OFT and AV regions. In vitro assays showed that ectopic Msx1 expression in endothelial cells induced p27, a cell-cycle inhibitor, expression and inhibited fibroblast growth factor 4 (FGF4)-induced cell proliferation. Although the FGF signal reduced the EMT-inducing activities of transforming growth...
Source: Anatomical Record - November 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Yamagishi T, Narematsu M, Nakajima Y Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Electron microscopic study of the median structure of the posterior column of the spinal cord of the adult rat with a special reference to the posterior median septum.
In conclusion, this study revealed that the posterior median septum is composed of very fine lineal figures of glial tissues that are often disrupted and eventually disappear. We consider these basic structures to be similar in humans. Therefore, during posterior midline myelotomy, accurately separating along the posterior median septum in the posterior column is extremely difficult. PMID: 33190363 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - November 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Mii K, Yagishita S, Kumabe T Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

The impact of various ecological parameters on the life-history characteristics of Bufotes viridis sitibundus from Turkey.
In this study, we used the skeletochronology method to estimate various growth parameters, such as age structure, minimum and maximum life span, age of sexual maturity, and the relationship between body size and weight, of eight different populations of the variable toad, Bufotes viridis sitibundus, in Turkey. Further, we determined the relationship between these parameters and ecologic factors using the partial Mantel test. A significant difference was found among the populations with respect to age, body size, and body weight in both males and females. On average, the maximum life span was recorded as 10 years for...
Source: Anatomical Record - November 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: AltuniŞik A, Gül S, Özdemir N Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Development of myodural bridge located within the atlanto-occipital interspace of rats.
This study also showed that in postnatal rats, MDB was mainly composed of type I collagen fibers. By observing the development of MDB in SD rats, the function of MDB can be further understood. This study provides a morphological basis for future functional studies involving the MDB. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33190377 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - November 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Lai HX, Zhang JF, Song TW, Liu B, Tang W, Sun SZ, Qin T, Yun ZF, Zhu SJ, Yu SB, Sui HJ Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Odontoblast processes of the mouse incisor are plates oriented in the direction of growth.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33190419 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - November 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Shuhaibar N, Hand AR, Terasaki M Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Rocker jaw: global context for a Polynesian characteristic.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33159494 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - November 7, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Scott GR, Stull KE, Sbei AN, McKinney M, Boling SR, Irish JD Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Heads and Tails: The Notochord Develops Differently in the Cranium and Caudal Fin of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar, L.).
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33155751 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - November 6, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kryvi H, Nordvik K, Fjelldal PG, Eilertsen M, Helvik JV, Støren EN, Long JH Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Frontal sinus anatomy of the noble Sw éerts-Sporck family and verification of their biological relationships using similarity analysis.
Frontal sinus anatomy of the noble Swéerts-Sporck family and verification of their biological relationships using similarity analysis. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2020 Nov 02;: Authors: Cvrček J, Velemínský P, Jor T, Rmoutilová R, BrŮžek J Abstract The evaluation of frontal sinus similarity is one way to detect biological relationships, especially in small groups, including families of historically known personalities. However, possibilities for studying this issue are currently limited. This contribution deals with the frontal sinuses of a rare osteological sample with known ge...
Source: Anatomical Record - November 2, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Cvrček J, Velemínský P, Jor T, Rmoutilová R, BrŮžek J Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Fish oil attenuated dystrophic muscle markers of inflammation via free fatty acid receptors 1 (FFA1) and 4 (FFA4) in the mdx mouse model of DMD.
Abstract In the present study we investigated the involvement of free fatty acid (FFA) receptors in the anti-inflammatory role of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in dystrophic muscles, by administering FFA blockers in the mdx mouse model of dystrophy. Mdx mice (3 months-old) were treated with fish oil capsules (FDC Vitamins; 0.4 g EPA and 0.2 g DHA; gavage) alone or concomitant to FFA1 and FFA4 blockers (GW1100 and AH7614; i.p.). C57BL/10 mice (3 months-old) and untreated-mdx mice received mineral oil and were used as controls. After 1 month of treatmen...
Source: Anatomical Record - November 2, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Maciel Junior M, de Carvalho SC, Saenz Suarez PA, Santo Neto H, Marques MJ Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

A human's best friend comes to The Anatomical Record: A special issue explores the world of the dog.
PMID: 33137845 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - November 2, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Laitman JT, Albertine KH Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Hepatic Sinusoids vs. Central Veins: Structures, Markers, Angiocrines, and Roles in Liver Regeneration and Homeostasis.
Abstract The blood circulates through the hepatic sinusoids delivering nutrients and oxygen to the liver parenchyma and drains into the hepatic central vein, yet the structures and phenotypes of these vessels are distinctively different. Sinusoidal endothelial cells are uniquely fenestrated, lack basal lamina and possess organelles involved in endocytosis, pinocytosis, degradation, synthesis and secretion. Hepatic central veins are nonfenestrated but are also active in synthesis and secretion. Endothelial cells of sinusoids and central veins secrete angiocrines that play respective roles in hepatic regeneration an...
Source: Anatomical Record - November 1, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Mak KM, Shin DW Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Cribra orbitalia is a vascular phenomenon unrelated to marrow hyperplasia or anemia: Paradigm shift for cribra orbitalia.
CONCLUSIONS: Cribra orbitalia has often been lumped indiscriminately as an indicator of organismal stress, rather than identified as a indicating a specific etiology. Neither that perspective nor porosity are supported by high resolution examination of orbital roof changes. Recognition of the blood vessel imprint pattern falsifies previous speculations and provides a new paradigm. The actual character of cribra orbitalia is documented and new hypotheses generated. While population prevalence of cribra orbitalia seems excessive for explanation on the basis of these hypotheses, the imprints are clearly vascular in origin. Th...
Source: Anatomical Record - November 1, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Rothschild BM, Zdilla MJ, Jellema LM, Lambert HW Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Retraction.
RETRACTION. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2020 Nov;303(11):2948 Authors: PMID: 33068337 [PubMed] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 21, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Retraction.
RETRACTION. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2020 Nov;303(11):2950 Authors: PMID: 33068338 [PubMed] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 21, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Retraction.
RETRACTION. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2020 Nov;303(11):2947 Authors: PMID: 33068339 [PubMed] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 21, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Retraction.
RETRACTION. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2020 Nov;303(11):2949 Authors: PMID: 33068340 [PubMed] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 21, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

An evaluation of the relationship between the degree of entheseal changes and the severity of osteodegenerative processes at fibrocartilaginous entheses.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33073487 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 18, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: He LR, de Almeida Prado PS Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Comparative liver morphology associated with the hepatosomatic index in five Neotropical anuran species.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33073492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 18, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Leão T, Siqueira M, Marcondes S, Franco-Belussi L, De Oliveira C, Fernandes CE Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

BALB/c mice infected with Angiostrongylus cantonensis - A new model for demyelination in the brain.
In this study, we present a new model for demyelination of the central nervous system (CNS). BALB/c mice were infected with Angiostrongylus cantonensis (A. cantonensis) and analyzed 7, 14, and 21 days postinfection. Neurological scale evaluation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), histology, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and western blotting were all performed on days 7, 14, and 21. The results showed that the neurological functions and weight of A. cantonensis-infected mice decreased markedly after 21 days of infection. MRI showed subdural effusion and white high signals in the c...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 17, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Xiong H, Zhou Z, Wu Z, Feng Y, Xie F Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Expression of calbindin and calretinin in the dorsomedial and ventromedial hypothalamic nuclei during aging.
Abstract The hypothalamus is involved in the regulation of rhythms, autonomic, endocrine, and behavioral functions and may also participate in aging development and control. The aim of this work was to study the expression of calbindin (CB) and calretinin (CR) in the ventromedial (VMH) and dorsomedial (DMH) hypothalamic nuclei in young and old rats of both sexes by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. In young animals, the largest number of CB-immunoreactive (IR) neurons was detected in the ventral part of DMH (DMHv) and smaller percentage was found in its dorsal part (DMHd), in the dorsomedial part of the V...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 11, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Vishnyakova PA, Moiseev KY, Spirichev AA, Emanuilov AI, Nozdrachev AD, Masliukov PM Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

An inward collapse of the nasal cavity: Perinatal consolidation of the midface and cranial base in primates.
Abstract Living primates show a complex trend in reduction of nasal cavity spaces and structures due to moderate to severe constraint on interorbital breadth. Here we describe the ontogeny of the posterior end of the primate cartilaginous nasal capsule, the thimble shaped posterior nasal cupula (PNC), which surrounds the hind end of the olfactory region. We used a histologically sectioned sample of strepsirrhine primates and two non-primates (Tupaia belangeri, Rousettus leschenaulti), and histochemical and immunohistochemical methods to study the PNC in a perinatal sample. At birth, most strepsirrhines possess onl...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 11, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Smith TD, Ufelle A, Cray JJ, Rehorek SB, DeLeon VB Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Microcrack surface density in the human otic capsule: an unbiased stereological quantification.
This study showed that surface density of microcracks was significantly higher around the inner ear compared to ribs. Furthermore, no significant difference in microcrack surface density between horizontal and vertical sections in the temporal bone was demonstrated. PMID: 33040475 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 11, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Hansen LJ, Bloch SL, Frisch T, Sørensen MS Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Regional differences in zygapophysial joint cavities: a histological study of human fetuses.
CONCLUSIONS: At any regions, a deep recess appeared before an area expansion of the ZJ cartilage. A drastic change in direction and size of the prenatal recess seemed to occur depending on a possible minute dislocation of the ZJ. In particularly, a deep posteromedial recess of the cervical ZJ, that extended far beyond the articular cartilage, might be necessary to maintain high flexibility suitable for the strong flexion posture in utero. PMID: 33034079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kitamura K, Kim JH, Cho KH, Murakam G, Rodríguez-Vázquez JF, Yamamoto H Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Changes in histidine decarboxylase expression influence extramedullary hematopoiesis in postnatal mice.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33034098 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Otsuka H, Endo Y, Ohtsu H, Inoue S, Kuraoka M, Koh M, Yagi H, Nakamura M, Soeta S Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Extreme bilateral polydactyly in a wild-caught Western Grey Kangaroo.
Abstract Polydactyly is a congenital malformation resulting from an autosomal dominant mutation manifesting as supernumerary digits of the hands or feet. It is most commonly reported in humans and domestic mammals, there have also been isolated examples across a range of wild vertebrate species. Here we report a case of extremely unusual bilateral preaxial polydactyly on the pectoral limbs of a male Western Grey Kangaroo (M. fuliginosus) from the South West region of Western Australia, in which two supernumerary digits were present on each manus. A supernumerary digit I on each manus was rudimentary in morphology ...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Warburton NM, Cake M, Kelman KR Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Innervation of Human Soft Palate Muscles.
Abstract Our objective was to determine the branching and distribution of the motor nerves supplying the human soft palate muscles. Six adult specimens of the soft palate in continuity with the pharynx, larynx and tongue were processed with Sihler's stain, a technique that can render large specimens transparent while counterstaining their nerves. The cranial nerves were identified and dissection followed their branches as they divided into smaller divisions toward their terminations in individual muscles. The results showed that both the glossopharyngeal (IX) and vagus (X) nerves have three distinct branches, supe...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Mu L, Chen J, Li J, Fowkes M, Benson B, Nyirend T, Sobotka S, Christopherson M, Sanders I Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Accurate whole-mount bone and cartilage staining requires acid-free conditions.
Abstract Bone and cartilage staining has provided anatomists with the ability to generate detailed descriptions of the adult and developing skeleton. Typically, Alizarin red S and Alcian blue are used for the staining of bone and cartilage, respectively. The binding of Alizarin red S and calcium is most stable at basic conditions, however, Alcian blue exhibits specific binding to polyanionic substances such as mucopolysaccharides under acidic conditions. Typical bone and cartilage staining protocols are conducted under acidic conditions. Because of this discrepancy in optimal pH, issues can arise in the staining o...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 7, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Zinck N, Franz-Odendaal T Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Brain morphology of Gymnura lessae and Gymnura marmorata (Chondrichthyes: Gymnuridae) and its implications for batoid brain evolution.
This study aims to understand the brain anatomy of the genus Gymnura and its importance in the evolution of the batoid brain. The brain anatomy of Gymnura lessae and Gymnura marmorata is relatively simple. They exhibit a small brain and telencephalon (T), where the latter is wider than it is longer, and the division of the posterior central nucleus (PCN) is poorly developed. The cerebellum (C) is symmetrical and is not highly foliated. Unlike other species, the brain auricles are smooth, and the posterior auricles (PAs) exhibit a diagonal arrangement, not always forming a bridge over the fourth ventricle (FV). These auricl...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 7, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Montes-Domínguez HM, Castillo-Rivera MA, Ayala-Pérez LA, González-Isáis M, Reynoso VH Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Morphology and histology of the male reproductive tract of Caecilia thompsoni (AMPHIBIA: GYMNOPHIONA).
la MP Abstract We studied the male reproductive tract of individuals of different body sizes of Caecilia thompsoni to describe morphological characteristics in comparison to other Gymnophiona. The reproductive tract consists of paired testes segmented into chains of primary and secondary lobes, sperm ducts that empty to Wolffian ducts, the cloaca that receives the Wolffian ducts and possesses a phallodeum. Müllerian ducts are present and develop into paired glands that empty into the cloacal urodeum. Testicular secondary lobes contain lobules with cysts of the entire germinal cell line, whereas primary lobes,...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 5, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Serrano-Perez CA, Ramírez-Pinilla MP Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Distribution of PDLIM1 at actin-rich structures generated by invasive and adherent bacterial pathogens.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33022122 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 5, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Dhanda AS, Yang D, Kooner A, Guttman JA Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Comparative Neuroanatomical study of the Amygdala and Fear Conditioning in Nigerian Breeds of Artiodactyla: Sheep (Uda) and Goats (Red Sokoto).
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate fear condition responses in sheep and goat and to relate this to the neuroarchitecture of their amygdala. Forty adult sheep (Uda breed) and 40 adult goats (Red Sokoto breed) were fear-conditioned by associating the sound of a car horn (neutral stimuli) with water spray (aversive stimuli) and the fear response was determined by direct observation of the behaviour of the sheep and goats and measuring their flight distances and escape time. Eight groups were studied, each comprising of ten animals (five sheep and five goats). Goats and sheep were tested alternately in th...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 5, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: George I, Alawa J, Akpulu P, Alawa C Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Microarchitecture of the Hearts in Term and Former-Preterm Lambs using Diffusion Tensor Imaging.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33015923 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 3, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Le B, Ferreira P, Merchant S, Zheng G, Sutherland MR, Dahl MJ, Albertine KH, Black MJ Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Cranial Synchondroses of Primates at Birth.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33015949 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 3, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Smith TD, Reynolds RL, Mano N, Wood BJ, Oladipupo L, Hughes GK, Corbin HM, Taylor J, Ufelle A, Burrows AM, Durham E, Vinyard CJ, Cray JJ, DeLeon VB Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Changes in Hippocampal Capillaries in Transgenic Type 2 Diabetic Mice: A Stereological Investigation.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33015956 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 3, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Zhao Y, Liu J, Li J, Zhao F, Du S, Wang Y, Li J, Yang L, Du J, Tang Y Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Review: Development, Structure, and Protein Composition of Reptilian Claws and Hypotheses of their Evolution.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33015957 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 3, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Alibardi L Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Vertebral pattern variation in the North Sea harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) by Computed Tomography.
This study showed a great variation in vertebral patterning in the harbor porpoise, with homeotic and meristic variation in the thoracic, lumbar, and caudal vertebral series. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33015959 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 3, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Willems DS, IJsseldijk LL, van den Broek DHN, Veraa S Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Bayesian Approach to Longitudinal Craniofacial Growth: The Craniofacial Growth Consortium Study.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33015973 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 3, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Sherwood RJ, Oh HS, Valiathan M, McNulty KP, Duren DL, Knigge RP, Hardin AM, Holzhauser CL, Middleton KM Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Granulocyte-colony Stimulating Factor Improves Intervertebral Disc Degeneration in Experimental Adult Male Rats: A Microscopic and Radiological Study.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33015986 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 3, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Abdel Fattah IO, Nasr El-Din WA Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

The impact of extreme skull morphology in domestic dogs on cribriform plate shape.
In this study, we CT scanned the skulls of 95 dog specimens from 45 different domestic dog breeds and 12 species of wild canid and compared the shape of the cribriform plate among three main groups: domestic dog breeds, wolf-like canids, and fox-like canids. Despite only recent selective pressure for extreme skull morphology, domestic dogs display much more variation in cribriform plate shape than wild canids, indicating that cribriform plate shape is plastic and linked to skull shape. Intense artificial selection on domestic dog skull phenotype in the last 200 years has clear effects on secondary features of the do...
Source: Anatomical Record - September 29, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Jacquemetton C, Drexler A, Kellerman G, Bird D, Van Valkenburgh B Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Train the human, not the dog.
PMID: 32985123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 26, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Laitman JT Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Dog faces exhibit anatomical differences in comparison to other domestic animals.
PMID: 32969196 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Burrows AM, Kaminski J, Waller BM, Omstead KM, Rogers-Vizena C, Mendelson B Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Trabecular bone in domestic dogs and wolves: Implications for understanding human self-domestication.
Abstract The process of domestication is complex and results in significant morphological, cognitive, and physiological changes. In canids, some of the traits indicative of domestication of domestic dogs compared to their wild counterparts the wolves are prosociality toward humans, reduced stress hormone levels, and reduced cranial capacity. Research suggests that selection for prosociality among dogs resulted in morphological changes such as reduction in cranial capacity, juvenilization of the face, and overall gracile morphology. Interestingly, similar features have been described in modern humans compared to ex...
Source: Anatomical Record - September 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Chirchir H Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

"Mucosal maps" of the canine nasal cavity: Micro-computed tomography and histology.
"Mucosal maps" of the canine nasal cavity: Micro-computed tomography and histology. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2020 Sep 22;: Authors: Smith TD, Craven BA, Engel SM, Van Valkenburgh B, DeLeon VB Abstract Nasal turbinals, delicate and complex bones of the nasal cavity that support respiratory or olfactory mucosa (OM), are now easily studied using high resolution micro-computed tomography (μ-CT). Standard μ-CT currently lacks the capacity to identify OM or other mucosa types without additional radio-opaque staining techniques. However, even unstained mucosa is more radio-opaque than air, and thu...
Source: Anatomical Record - September 21, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Smith TD, Craven BA, Engel SM, Van Valkenburgh B, DeLeon VB Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Intraspecies Variation in Ectotympanic Tube Length and Orientation among Humans.
This study attempts to clarify relationships between the external ear canal and basicranial shape among humans in a sample of archaeological human crania. The ectotympanic length and orientation were hypothesized to correlate with the shape of the cranial base and particularly with shape variables associated with relative brachycephaly. Basicranial shape in 80 computed tomography (CT) scans of adult humans were quantified using landmark coordinate data, with particular emphasis on the cranial base and auditory structures. Scaled ectotympanic lengths were taken from interlandmark distances and then compared to shape variati...
Source: Anatomical Record - September 14, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Fricano EEI, DeLeon VB Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research