Role of aqueous extract of saffron in ameliorating effect of sofosbuvir on the cerebellar cortex in rat.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32721089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - July 28, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Ibrahim MAA, Sharaf Eldin HEM, Elswaidy NRM Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

War Horse, Whistlejacket, and an Anatomist.
PMID: 32696594 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - July 22, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Hwang K Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Selective breeding in domestic dogs: How selecting for a short face impacted canine neuroanatomy.
This article is the first to investigate how selection for reduced faces in brachycephalic dogs impacted the neuroanatomy of the canine brain through the analysis of endocasts. Previous research has demonstrated global effects on the shape of the bony cranium as the result of these breeding practices; however, these studies have largely focused on the bony structures of the skull and failed to consider the influence of facial reduction on the soft tissues of the brain. We generated endocasts from an existing set of clinically-obtained CT scans representing a variety of dogs with various cranial morphologies. These dogs rep...
Source: Anatomical Record - July 19, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Selba MC, Bryson ER, Rosenberg CL, Heng HG, DeLeon VB Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Bridges, not fences, make good neighbors: The Anatomical Record supports Chinese science and scientists with a look at the lessons of traditional medicine.
PMID: 32618138 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - July 3, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Laitman JT, Albertine KH Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Introduction to a special issue on kidney development and disease.
Abstract Enriching our understanding of the anatomy of the kidneys, in development, health, and disease, has been the primary focus of Professor John Bertram's distinguished research career to date. Among other notable achievements, his landmark analyses of nephron number in over 400 human kidneys (the Monash Series), and his refinement of stereological techniques for renal structural analyses, have proven him an international leader in renal anatomy research. In this Special Issue, we (some of John's collaborators, colleagues, and former students) celebrate John's career with a series of 20 review and original re...
Source: Anatomical Record - July 2, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Sutherland MR Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

The Anatomical Record continues to replace wonder with knowledge through first-hand experience of acupuncture.
Abstract A group of original papers is assembled for this thematic-papers issue on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The idea for a thematic-papers issue came from Associate Editor and Guest Editor, Jicheng Li. Jicheng's idea was to introduce concepts and studies of TCM to the editorial board of The Anatomical Record and the Journal's readership. Thus, nine papers are published that deal with biomarkers, animal models, or treatments of TCM syndromes. Uniquely, Jicheng's effort culminated in acupuncture treatment of the editorial board members by a licensed physician of TCM. We learned, first-hand by Dr. Weixue W...
Source: Anatomical Record - July 2, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Albertine KH, Laitman JT Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: PMID: 32525620 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - June 13, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Retinal cone photoreceptor distribution in the American black bear (Ursus americanus).
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32510783 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - June 8, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Heyward JL, Reynolds BD, Foster ML, Archibald KE, Stoskopf MK, Mowat FM Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Bone Histology and Mircroanatomy of Edaphosaurus and Dimetrodon (Amniota, Synapsida) Vertebrae from the Lower Permian of Texas.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32484294 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - June 2, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Agliano A, Sander PM, Wintrich T Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Computed tomographic analysis of internal structures within the nasal cavities of green, loggerhead and leatherback sea turtles.
Abstract The morphology of the tetrapod nasal cavity has adapted to the environment in terms of olfaction and respiration. Reports indicate that the internal structure of the nasal cavity of green sea turtles is more complex than that of turtles in general, but whether or not it is similar among sea turtle species remains unknown. The present study aimed to define the internal structures of the nasal cavity of green (Chelonian mydas), loggerhead (Caretta caretta) and leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea) sea turtles using computed tomography. The nasal cavity of green and loggerhead sea turtles contained anterodorsal...
Source: Anatomical Record - June 1, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Yamaguchi Y, Kitayama C, Tanaka S, Kondo S, Miyazaki A, Okamoto K, Yanagawa M, Kondoh D Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Chronic Restraint Stress Increases Social Interaction in C57BL/6J Mice Monitoring through MiceProfiler Analysis.
Abstract The social deficit is a prevailing symptom in stress-induced depression. Although social interaction behavior has been widely studied in humans and rodents, it is imprecise to record the social behavior between two free-moving mice via perusal. In the present study, we applied an approach to analyze the social behavior in mice using a software named "MiceProfiler". C57BL/6J mice were stressed via chronic restraint stress (CRS) and housed in three populations of different sizes as follows: single, three in a cage and six in a cage. The MiceProfiler was used to analyze the video of behavioral repe...
Source: Anatomical Record - June 1, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Zhao W, Hu Y, Sun Q, Li S, Gao Z, Lin M, Ding Z, Sun J, Li C Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Anatomical and histological characteristics of the hepatobiliary system in adult Sox17 heterozygote mice.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32478476 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - June 1, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Pattarapanawan M, Uemura M, Miyazaki N, Takami S, Tomiyasu H, Tsunekawa N, Hirate Y, Fujishiro J, Kurohmaru M, Kanai-Azuma M, Higashiyama H, Kanai Y Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Alterations to vestibular morphology in highly bred domestic dogs may affect balance.
Abstract The modern domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) provides an excellent model to examine the effects of cranial modification. Extreme variation in skull length among dog breeds due to high levels of selective breeding is known to be linked to disorders of the head and neck. Such alteration may also influence sensory organs including those of the vestibular system (VS), one of the most fundamental sense organs, essential in maintaining balance. Studies in mammals have shown that orientation of ipsilateral semicircular canals (SCCs) of the VS at right angles (orthogonality) is related to angular acceleration...
Source: Anatomical Record - June 1, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Smith CM, Laitman JT Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Is the Cortical Capillary renamed as the transcortical vessel in diaphyseal vascularity?
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32470175 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 29, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Asghar A, Kumar A, Narayan R, Naaz S Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Penfluridol Triggers Mitochondrial-mediated Apoptosis and Suppresses Glycolysis in Colorectal Cancer Cells through Down-regulating Hexokinase-2.
CONCLUSION: Penfluridol triggers mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis and induces glycolysis inhibition via modulating HK-2 in CRC and provides a theoretical basis to support penfluridol as a repurposed drug for CRC patients. PMID: 32470200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 29, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Wang NN, Zhang PZ, Zhang J, Wang HN, Li L, Ren F, Dai PF, Li H, Lv XF Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Normal human macula densa morphology and cell turnover: A Histological, ultrastructural and immunohistochemical investigation.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32470206 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 29, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Lorenzi T, Graciotti L, Sagrati A, Reguzzoni M, Protasoni M, Minardi D, Milanese G, Cremona O, Fabri M, Morroni M Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

"Forever young"-Postnatal growth inhibition of the turbinal skeleton in brachycephalic dog breeds (Canis lupus familiaris).
"Forever young"-Postnatal growth inhibition of the turbinal skeleton in brachycephalic dog breeds (Canis lupus familiaris). Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2020 May 28;: Authors: Wagner F, Ruf I Abstract In short snouted (brachycephalic) dogs (Canis lupus familiaris), several genetic mutations cause postnatal growth inhibition of the viscerocranium. Thus, for example, the pug keeps a snub nose like that observed in neonate dogs in general. However, little is known how far intranasal structures like the turbinal skeleton are also affected. In the present study, we provide the first detailed morphological...
Source: Anatomical Record - May 28, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Wagner F, Ruf I Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Small Interfering RNA Target for Long Non-coding RNA PCGEM1 Increases Sensitivity of LNCaP Cells to Baicalein.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32445497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Han Z, He J, Zou M, Chen W, Lv Y, Li Y Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

From Head to Hind: Elucidating Function through Contrasting Morphometrics of Ancient and Modern Pedigree Dogs.
Abstract Used together, caliper- and geometric-based morphometric analyses provide complimentary approaches to classifying form and function of archaeozoological remains. Here we apply these analytical tools to the skeletal remains of an ancient male dog unearthed from a rural farm settlement of Roman date near present day Warmington, UK. Our comparisons of the Warmington Roman dog against the morphological characteristics of modern dog breeds enabled us to establish the former's size and shape. It was of medium stature. Analysis of viscerocrania and neurocrania indicate it falls within the meso- to dolichocephali...
Source: Anatomical Record - May 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Schoenebeck JJ, Hamilton-Dyer S, Baxter IL, Schwarz T, Nussbaumer M Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Influence of melatonin and sexual hormones on the proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression in the adrenal cortex of a seasonal breeder (Lagostomus maximus).
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32445505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Gallol LE, Busolini F, Mohamed FH Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Impregnation is an essential part of mummification.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32445508 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Tomov N Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Mapping vascular and glomerular pathology in a rabbit model of neonatal acute kidney injury using MRI.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32445514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Parvin N, Charlton JR, Baldelomar EJ, Derakhshan JJ, Bennett KM Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Organized lymphatic tissue (BALT) in lungs of rhesus monkeys after air pollutant exposure.
In conclusion, BALT in rhesus monkeys housed under filtered air conditions is age dependent. BALT significantly increased in monkeys exposed to ozone in comparison with monkeys exposed to HDM. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32445535 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Pabst R, Miller LA, Schelegle E, Hyde DM Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Corrections and comments on the taxonomic value of anatomical features of tyrannosaurid theropods.
PMID: 32445536 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Yun CG Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Quantifying morphological adaptations using direct measurements: the carnivoran appendicular skeleton as a case study.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32445537 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Gálvez-López E Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Development and growth of the pelvic fin in the extant coelacanth Latimeria chalumnae.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32445538 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Rohan M, Gaël C, Anthony H, Hugo D, Paul T, Santin Mathieu D, Marc H Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Gross Anatomy, Histological and Histochemical Analysis of the Eyelids and Orbital Glands of the Neonate Pygmy Hippopotamus (Suina: Choeropsis liberiensis or Hexaprotodon liberiensis, Morton 1849) with reference to its habitat.
This study enabled to identify additional folds in the eyelids of the pygmy hippopotamus. Lymphoid follicles and diffuse lymphocytes were not found in the lymphoid region in the upper or lower eyelids and the third eyelid, which was most likely caused by the age of the studied hippopotamuses. An accurate histochemical analysis revealed that the secretions of the pygmy hippopotamus are very similar to the Sus scrofa. The structural differences between the pygmy hippopotamus and representatives of Cetacea are most likely caused by the fact that most of Cetacea live in saltwater and are exposed to more frequent fluctuations i...
Source: Anatomical Record - May 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Klećkowska-Nawrot JE, Goździewska-Harłajczuk K, Paszta W Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Anatomical study of the incisivus labii superioris and inferioris muscles in non-human primates.
Abstract The facial muscles have significant roles for vocalization, feeding, and facial expression in both human and non-human primates. Of these, the anatomy of the incisivus labii superioris (ILS) and incisivus labii inferioris (ILI), which are considered as the accessory bundle of the orbicularis oris (OO) in humans, has rarely been documented in the literature. Our current understanding of the function of the ILS and ILI is that they probably retract the upper and lower lips. Also, there is no account of these muscles in non-human primates in the current literature. The aim of this study was to reveal the ILS...
Source: Anatomical Record - May 18, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Iwanaga J, Watanabe K, Kikuta S, Hirasaki E, Yamaki KI, Bohm RP, Dumont AS, Tubbs RS Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Extracellular matrix: The proteins that function throughout the body.
Abstract The idea and meetings that planned this issue focused on extracellular matrix (ECM) started over 4 years ago. The invitations were sent to investigators over 2 years ago and manuscripts have been submitted, reviewed, and edited since the summer and fall of 2018. Most of the manuscripts were published in early view in 2019, and we are thrilled to share the final collection. This volume contains 6 reviews, 13 original research papers, and 4 remembrances. Marion (Emmy) Gordon and I organized the articles into seven topic areas, including ECM structure, genetics, and development; cancer; vascula...
Source: Anatomical Record - May 18, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Svoboda KKH, Gordon MK Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Expression of Laminin γ2 Proteolytic Fragments in Murine Skin Following Exposure to Sulfur Mustard.
Expression of Laminin γ2 Proteolytic Fragments in Murine Skin Following Exposure to Sulfur Mustard. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2020 May 18;: Authors: Chang YC, Wang JD, Chang HY, Zhou P, Hahn RA, Gordon MK, Laskin JD, Gerecke DR Abstract Laminin-332 is a basement membrane protein composed of three genetically distinct polypeptide chains that actively promote both skin epidermal cell adhesion and migration. Proteolytic fragments of the laminin γ2 chain stimulate migration and scattering of keratinocytes and cancer cells. Sulfur mustard (SM) is a bifunctional alkylating agent that induces separatio...
Source: Anatomical Record - May 18, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Chang YC, Wang JD, Chang HY, Zhou P, Hahn RA, Gordon MK, Laskin JD, Gerecke DR Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

The distribution of the jejunal arteries in the cat.
Abstract The arterial supply of the cat jejunum was studied by gross dissection and polyurethane corrosion cast. The results showed that the jejunal arteries, which originate from the cranial mesenteric artery, varied from 5 to 15 in number. Their number was independent of the length of the cranial mesenteric artery as well as of the length of the jejunum. These arteries divided into branches giving rise to a series of orders of division from a minimum of 1 to a maximum of 7. The last orders of division terminated in a series of anastomosing arcades which resulted in a marginal artery coursing only a few millimetr...
Source: Anatomical Record - May 12, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Grandis A, Canova M, Tagliavia C, Spiteri J, Fagnoli H, De Silva M, Mazzoni M, Diana A, Bombardi C Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Histological, Histochemical and Immunohistochemical studies of Hippocampus in male New Zealand Rabbits.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32396686 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 12, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Mazher KM, Hassan RM Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

AlpinumisoflavoneTriggers GSDME-dependent Pyroptosis in EsophagealSquamousCell Carcinomas.
CONCLUSIONS: AIF inhibited ESCC growth in vitro and in vivo by triggering GSDME-mediated pyroptotic cell death, which is dependent on caspase-3 activation. PMID: 32396690 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 12, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Zhang B, Zhu WY, Tian H, Zhang HR Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Development and growth of the craniocervical junction with special reference to topographical relationship between the occipital basion, the anterior arch of atlas, and the odontoid process of axis: a study using human fetuses.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32396695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 12, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Ishii M, Cho KH, Kitamura K, Yamamoto M, Murakami G, Rodríguez-Vázquez JF, Abe SI Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Resibufogenin Suppresses Growth and Metastasis through Inducing Caspase-1-Dependent Pyroptosis via ROS-Mediated NF- κB Suppression in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
CONCLUSION: In summary, our findings provide a potential antitumor agent, and a novel insight into the mechanism of RB treatment of NSCLC. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32396707 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 12, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Yin H, Liu YG, Li F, Wang LQ, Zha JH, Xia YC, Yu BT, Wen DH Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Immunohistochemical Characterization of Postnatal Changes in Cerebellar Cortical Cytoarchitectures in Ferrets.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32396712 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 12, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kamiya S, Sawada K Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

The World Outside the World Inside: The Anatomical Record Explores the Extraordinary Realm of the Extracellular Matrix.
PMID: 32385897 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 8, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Laitman JT, Albertine KH Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

A Novel Method for Quantifying Femoral Neck Anteversion: A Case Study in Extinct and Extant Sloths.
Abstract Extinct sloths represent a wide range of morphological, locomotor, and body size variation. Researchers have examined femoral neck angle in two dimensions to hypothesize locomotor behaviors in this group; however, this measure does not account for femoral neck anteversion. Here, we present a new method for quantifying femoral neck anteversion angle, in addition to femoral neck angle, to capture the 3D position of the femoral head/neck. Femora of extant (n = 21; Bradypus and Choloepus) and extinct (n = 49; Acratocnus, Megalocnus, Neocnus, and Parocnus) sloths were surface scanned and th...
Source: Anatomical Record - May 6, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Harper CM, Sylvester AD, McAfee RK, Cooke SB Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Interaction between muscles and fascia in the mystacial pad of whisking rodents.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32374069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 6, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Haidarliu S, Bagdasarian K, Sardonicus S, Ahissar E Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Costly teeth? Gestation length in primates suggests that neonate dentition is not expensive to produce.
Abstract Variation in the relationship between gestation length and body mass can arise because different types of tissue require varying amounts of energy to build, and not all species build such tissues in the same proportions. Given that a pregnant female has a finite amount of energy, trade-offs between investment in different tissues may occur. Here we examine if dental precocity accounts for variation in primate gestation length. If true, this could explain why folivorous species with precocial dentition have longer gestation lengths than predicted by neonatal brain and body mass. We compiled data on gestati...
Source: Anatomical Record - May 4, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Mongle CS, Koenig A, Samonds KE, Smaers JB, Borries C Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

CircFBXW7 Alleviates Glioma Progression through Regulating MiR-23a-3p/PTEN Axis.
CONCLUSION: Our results revealed that circFBXW7 exhibits anti-proliferative and anti-metastasis activities via sponging miR-23a-3p to elevate PTEN expression in glioma, which may offer a novel target for clinical therapy and diagnosis of glioma. PMID: 32365279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 4, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Gao ZG, Yang P, Huang J, Ding YQ Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Prevalence of accessory septations of sphenoid sinus in paediatric population: applications to endoscopic sinus surgery.
Abstract Sphenoid sinus accessory septations and their possible insertion on internal carotid artery (ICA) may represent a risk for endoscopic sinus surgical procedures. However, scarce data on this variant for children are available so far. This retrospective study included 220 maxillofacial CT-scans equally divided among males (13.4±2.1 years) and females (13.9±2.2 years). On each CT-scan prevalence of accessory septations, number of septations in sphenoid sinuses and their possible insertion onto ICA bone walls were recorded. Significant differences in protrusion and insertion of sep...
Source: Anatomical Record - May 4, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Gibelli D, Cellina M, Gibelli S, Oliva AG, Termine G, Dolci C, Sforza C Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

A 60:40 Split: Differential Mass Support in Dogs.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32363786 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - May 3, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Fish FE, Sheehan MJ, Adams DS, Tennett KA, Gough WT Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

The History of the Synapse.
Abstract Why did I choose this particular topic for my lecture rather than the history of neuroscience or the history of the neuron? Simply because I believe that every disciple has the obligation to pay homage to their mentors once in their lifetime. My formation as a neuroscientist involved three such mentors spanned across three countries. The first was Spain, where I was born, completed my medical studies, and had my first glimpse of neuroscience at the Cajal Institute with Fernando de Castro. It was him who, in 1961, advised me to spend some time abroad, and to that purpose he obtained me a scholarship from t...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 25, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Sotelo C Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Confirmation of a Wear-Compensation Mechanism in Dental Roots of Ruminants.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32314555 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - April 20, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Ackermans NL, Martin LF, Codron D, Kircher PR, Richter H, Clauss M, Hatt JM Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Three-dimensional finite element analysis of the dural folds and the human skull under head acceleration.
This study presents an example of functional loading of bone by fibrous membranes and describes a possible mechanism by which Wolff's law works on the bone of the calvaria creating evolutionarily beneficial lightweight constructions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32275348 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - April 10, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Lipphaus A, Witzel U Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Micro-RNA29b Enhances the Sensitivity of GlioblastomaMultiforme Cells to Temozolomide by Promoting Autophagy.
CONCLUSION: miR-29b potentiates TMZ sensitivity against GBM cells by inducing autophagy and the combined use of miR-29 mimic and TMZ might represent a potential therapeutic strategy for GBM patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32275350 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - April 10, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Xu JX, Yang Y, Zhang X, Luan XP Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Endothelial-Stromal Communication in Murine and Human Corneas.
Abstract The purpose of this study is to identify and characterize interactions of corneal endothelial cells with the posterior stroma. Corneal endothelial-stromal interactions were examined in developing postnatal day 3 (P3) and mature postnatal day 30 (P30) C57BL/6 mice and adult human corneas. Flat mounts and cross-sections were studied using immunofluorescence microscopy. F-actin was labeled with phalloidin to evaluate cell processes traversing Descemet's membrane (DM). Dynamic cell-cell communication was evaluated with fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) using calcein acetoxymethyl dye. Endothel...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 3, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Jeang L, Cha BJ, Birk DE, Espana EM Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

The "dog paddle": Stereotypic swimming gait pattern in different dog breeds.
The "dog paddle": Stereotypic swimming gait pattern in different dog breeds. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2020 Apr 03;: Authors: Fish FE, DiNenno NK, Trail J Abstract The term "dog paddle" has been applied to the swimming behavior of various terrestrial and aquatic species. Dog paddling refers to a form of drag-based, paddle propulsion in which the limbs are oriented underneath the body and moved through an arc. Despite the ubiquity of the term, there has been no analysis of the swimming kinematics of dogs. Underwater video was recorded of surface swimming dogs (velocity: 0.4-1.1 m/s) for e...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 3, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Fish FE, DiNenno NK, Trail J Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Paleobiology in the 21st Century.
Abstract The diversity of research performed by vertebrate paleobiologists is immense, including primary descriptions of newly discovered taxa, biomechanical analyses of extant animals, large-scale macroevolutionary analyses with hundreds of taxa, and many others. This special issue of The Anatomical Record highlights the scope of the research done by paleobiologists, with an emphasis on dinosaurs and their relatives, and is structured into three broad categories of research: (1) anatomical descriptions, (2) the biology of the dinosaurs and their relatives, and (3) macroevolutionary trends. Although these topics a...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 13, 2020 Category: Anatomy Authors: Hedrick BP, Dodson P Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research