Vascular Patterns in the Heads of Dinosaurs: Evidence for Blood Vessels, Sites of Thermal Exchange, and Their Role in Physiological Thermoregulatory Strategies.
Abstract Body size has thermal repercussions that impact physiology. Large-bodied dinosaurs potentially retained heat to the point of reaching dangerous levels, whereas small dinosaurs shed heat relatively easily. Elevated body temperatures are known to have an adverse influence on neurosensory tissues and require physiological mechanisms for selective brain and eye temperature regulation. Vascular osteological correlates in fossil dinosaur skulls from multiple clades representing different body-size classes were identified and compared. Neurovascular canals were identified that differentiate thermoregulatory stra...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 16, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Porter WR, Witmer LM Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Perindopril ameliorates hepatic IR injury via regulation of NF- κB-p65/TLR-4, JAK1/STAT-3, Nrf-2 and PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathways.
This study was designed to evaluate the protective effect of perindopril (PER) against hepatic IR injury. Thirty two rats were used and randomly allocated into four groups. Sham control group was subjected to sham operation and received saline only, IR group was subjected to IR and received vehicle, PER group was pretreated with PER (1 mg/kg/day i.p. for 10 consecutive days) and IR+PER group was pretreated with PER then subjected to IR. Liver function biomarkers (AST and ALT), oxidative stress (GSH, MDA, MPO and SOD) and inflammation markers (TNF-α, INF-γ and IL-10), mRNA expression of NF-κB-p65 and TLR-4...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 12, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kamel EO, Hassanein EHM, Ahmed MA, Ali FEM Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

The inability of podocytes to proliferate: cause, consequences and origin.
This study presents a theoretical analysis of the problems related to the inability of podocytes to proliferate. The basis of these problems is the very high rate of glomerular filtration. Podocytes do not in general die by apoptosis or necrosis but are lost by detachment from the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) as viable cells. Podocytes situated on the outside of the filtration barrier and attached to the GBM only by their foot processes are permanently exposed to the flow dynamic forces of the high filtration rate tending to detach them from the GBM. The major challenge seems to consist of the high shear stresses on ...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 12, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kriz W Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Septal aperture of the humerus: Aetiology and frequency rates in two European populations.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31604362 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 11, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Bradshaw R, Eliopoulos C, Borrini M Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Progressive Nephron Loss in Aging Kidneys: Clinical-Structural Associations Investigated by Two Anatomical Methods.
Abstract Two major studies of structural changes associated with aging in human kidneys are reviewed and new information presented. The studies are the Monash University stereologically analyzed series of 319 autopsy kidneys from the United States in which 44% were white and the Mayo Clinic CT angiogram/biopsy analysis of 1,388 US kidney donors in which 97% were white. Hypertension rates in the Monash series were 48% and included moderate and severe hypertension. In the Mayo Clinic study, 12% had mild hypertension. The studies showed no relationship between glomerular number and hypertension except for a weak rela...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 9, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Hughson MD, Hoy WE, Bertram JF Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

The role of miR-326 in adipogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells by targeting C/EBP α in vitro.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31595632 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 8, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Feng Y, Zhou L, Peng Y, Yang Y, Fan T, Jiang X, Dai J, Ouyang J Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Klebsiella pneumoniae redistributes katanin severing proteins and alters astral microtubules during mitosis.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31595676 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 8, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Chua MD, Bogdan AC, Guttman JA Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

The key to understanding the European Miocene Chalcides (Squamata, Scincidae) comes from Asia: the lizards of the East Siberian Tagay locality (Baikal Lake) in Russia.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31595688 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 8, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Čerňanský A, Syromyatnikova EV, Kovalenko ES, Podurets KM, Kaloyan AA Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Skull Anatomy and Pneumaticity of the Enigmatic Coelurosaurian Theropod Bicentenaria argentina Novas et al. (2012).
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31595689 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 8, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Aranciaga-Rolando LM, Cerroni MA, Novas FE Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Comparative morphology, histology, and cytology of odontocete cetaceans prostates.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31587464 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Suárez-Santana CM, Fernández A, Sierra E, Arbelo M, de Quirós YB, Andrada M, Mompeo B, Pérez L, Blanco A, Méndez A, de Los Monteros AE, Rivero MA Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Novel and bizarre abnormalities of the tooth row in side-blotched lizards (Uta) and rock lizards (Petrosaurus).
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31587495 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Scarpetta SG, Bell CJ Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Cetacean Orbital Muscles: Anatomy and Function of the Circular Layers.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31587496 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Meshida K, Lin S, Domning DP, Reidenberg JS, Wang P, Gilland E Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Scaling of anatomically derived maximal bite force in primates.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31587507 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Deutsch AR, Dickinson E, Leonard KC, Pastor F, Muchlinski MN, Hartstone-Rose A Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Clinical consequences of developmental programming of low nephron number.
Abstract Nephron number in humans varies up to 13-fold, likely reflecting the impact of multiple factors on kidney development, including inherited body size and ethnicity, as well as maternal health and nutrition, fetal exposure to gestational diabetes or preeclampsia and other environmental factors, which may potentially be modifiable. Such conditions predispose to low or high offspring birth weight, growth restriction or preterm birth, which have all been associated with increased risks of higher blood pressures and/or kidney dysfunction in later life. Low birth weight, preterm birth, and intrauterine growth re...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Luyckx VA, Brenner BM Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Morphological and Histochemical Description of Quail Feather Development.
In conclusion, the histochemical properties of pennaceous and plumulaceous feathers of quail, particularly the distribution and nature of keratin during development, should be considered in future studies. The unique morphological features of pennaceous and plumulaceous feathers could be used as a guide for phylogenetic identification. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31581344 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 3, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Soliman SA Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Crucial Role for Endothelial Cell α2β1 Integrin Receptor Clustering in Collagen Induced Angiogenesis.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31581346 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 3, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Turner KR, Adams CS, Staelens S, Deckmyn H, San Antonio JD Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Soyasapogenol B Attenuates Laryngeal Carcinoma Progression through Inducing Apoptotic and Autophagic Cell Death.
This study therefore aimed to determine the effect of Soy B in human laryngeal carcinoma cell lines HeP-2 and TU212, and to elucidate the possible underlying mechanisms by which Soy B can induce its anti-tumor effects. The results showed that Soy B effectively attenuated the cell growth by causing G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest in laryngeal carcinoma cell lines. Moreover, the percentage of apoptotic and autophagic cells dramatically increased upon exposure to Soy B. Western blotting results confirmed that Soy B can alter the expression levels of established markers of apoptosis and autophagy. Interestingly, both apoptosis i...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 3, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Zhi L, Song D, Ma L, Feng T Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

The Hepatic Central Vein: Structure, Fibrosis, and Role in Liver Biology.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31581357 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 3, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Mak KM, Png CYM Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Impact of resolution and texture of laser scanning generated 3D models on landmark identification.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31577844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - October 2, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Toneva D, Nikolova S, Georgiev I, Lazarov N Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

What Makes the Kidney Susceptible to Hypoxia?
Abstract Per gram of tissue, the kidneys are among our most highly perfused organs. Yet the renal cortex and, in particular, the renal medulla are susceptible to hypoxia. In turn, hypoxia is a major pathophysiological feature of both acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease. We identify seven factors that render the kidney susceptible to hypoxia: (1) the large metabolic demand imposed by active reabsorption of sodium; (2) limitations on oxygen delivery to cortical tissue imposed by the density of peritubular capillaries; (3) the poor capacity for angiogenesis in the adult kidney; (4) the limited ability of t...
Source: Anatomical Record - September 30, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Evans RG, Smith DW, Lee CJ, Ngo JP, Gardiner BS Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

The arylabialis muscle of the t úngara frog (Engystomops pustulosus).
This study identified a novel laryngeal muscle in túngara frogs, a potential mechanism for the control of call complexity, and revealed new evidence of homologies between the laryngeal structures of amphibians and mammals. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31569298 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 30, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Lagorio AD, Grewal K, Djuhari S, Le K, Mulhim R, Gridi-Papp M Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Bosutinib Acts as a Tumor Inhibitor via Downregulating Src/NF- κB/survivin Expression in HeLa Cells.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31569304 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 30, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Yu L, Guo W, Liu L, Zhang G, Zhang F, Qu Y, Liu Y, Li H, Li H Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Paw Morphology in the Domestic Guinea Pig (Cavia porcellus) and Brown Rat (Rattus norvegicus).
This study investigated adaptations in paw morphology in the domestic guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) and the brown rat (Rattus norvegicus). We predicted that rat paws would display adaptations associated with paw dexterity for handling prey items and climbing; whereas guinea pig paws would support mechanical pressure absorption for a herbivorous, sedentary and terrestrial lifestyle. Using histology techniques and scanning electron microscope, we show that rat paws have many small, deformable pads that are relatively spaced out to enable movement. The pads are clustered towards the anterior of the foot, which coincides with w...
Source: Anatomical Record - September 30, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Barbera AM, Delaunay MG, Dougill G, Grant RA Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Cross-sectional geometry and scaling in the baculum of Cuban hutias (Rodentia: Capromyidae).
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31569306 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 30, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Casinos A, García-Martínez R, Borroto-Páez R Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

P ío del Río-Hortega: The Revolution of Glia.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31525279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 16, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Del Río-Hortega Bereciartu J Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Can paraplegia by disruption of the spinal cord tissue be reversed? The Signs of a New Perspective.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31520456 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 14, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Branco É, Alves JGR, Pinheiro LL, Coutinho LN, Melo Gomes CR, Galvão GR, Santos GROD, Moreira LFM, David MBM, Martins DM, De Oliveira EHC, De Souza MPC, Beltrão-Braga PCB, Russo FB, Pignatari GC, Miranda CMFC, De Lima AR Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Application of Image Compression Ratio Analysis as a Method for Quantifying Complexity of Dental Enamel Microstructure.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31512393 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 12, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Hogg RT, Richardson C Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Alpinumisoflavone Inhibits Tumor Growth and Metastasis in Papillary Thyroid Cancer via Up-regulating miR-141-3p.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31513359 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 12, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Fang M, Liu Y, Liu Q, Qian L Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

A preliminary description of the sleep-related neural systems in the brain of the blue wildebeest, Connochaetes taurinus.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31513360 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 12, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Malungo IB, Gravett N, Bhagwandin A, Davimes JG, Manger PR Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Extracellular Matrix in Secondary Palate Development.
This article will review the known ECM constituents at each stage of palatogenesis, the mechanisms of tissue reorganization and cell migration through the palatal ECM, the reciprocal relationship between the ECM and gene expression, and human syndromes with cleft palate that arise from mutation of ECM proteins and their regulators. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31513730 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 12, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Logan SM, Ruest LB, Benson MD, Svoboda KKH Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

The forearm musculature of the grey mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus): an ontogenetic study.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31509327 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 11, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Boettcher ML, Leonard KC, Dickinson E, Aujard F, Herrel A, Hartstone-Rose A Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Smooth muscle in cardiac chambers is common in turtles and extensive in the emydid turtle, Trachemys scripta.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31509333 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 11, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Joyce W, Crossley DA, Wang T, Jensen B Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Trace element concentration changes in brain tumors: a review.
In conclusion, altered trace element levels differ amongst different tumor types, as well as malignancy grades. Consequently, it is impossible to compare data from these studies, and available data is still considerably inconclusive. Ideally, future studies should have a sufficient samples size, compare different tumor types, and compare tumors with adjacent healthy tissue as well as with samples from unaffected matched brains. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31509337 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 11, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Cilliers K, Muller CJF, Page BJ Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Vertebromedullary topography of the red-rumped agouti (Dasyprocta leporina Linnaeus, 1,758).
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31509338 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 11, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Júnior HNA, Oliveira GB, Costa HS, Oliveira REM, Lopes IRG, Klem MAP, Paula VV, Mf MFO Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

The Claustrum in the Squirrel Monkey.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31509339 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 11, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Baizer JS, Webster CJ, Baker JF Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

The ontogeny of masticatory muscle architecture in Microcebus murinus.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31509342 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 11, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Leonard KC, Boettcher ML, Dickinson E, Malhotra N, Aujard F, Herrel A, Hartstone-Rose A Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Size-dependent vulnerability of lumbar motor neuron dendritic degeneration in SOD1G93A mice.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31509351 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 11, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Fogarty MJ, Mu EWH, Lavidis NA, Noakes PG, Bellingham MC Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Bite Force and Masticatory Muscle Architecture Adaptations in the Dietarily Diverse Musteloidea (Carnivora).
In this study, we present myological data from the jaw adductors in combination with biomechanical data derived from craniomandibular measurements for 17 species representing all four families (Ailuridae, Mephitidae, Mustelidae, and Procyonidae) of Musteloid. These data are combined to calculate bite force potential at each of three bite points along the dental row. Across our sample as a whole, masticatory muscle mass scaled with isometry or slight positive allometry against both body mass and skull size (measured via a cranial geometric mean). Total jaw adductor physiological cross-sectional area scaled with positive all...
Source: Anatomical Record - September 10, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Hartstone-Rose A, Hertzig I, Dickinson E Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

High Resolution CT Imaging of the Cranial Arterial System and Rete Mirabile of the Cat (Felis catus).
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31502384 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 9, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kier EL, Conlogue GJ, Zhuang Z Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

USP7 Deubiquitinates and Stabilizes SIRT1.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31502386 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 9, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Song N, Cao C, Tian S, Long M, Liu L Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Cranial Anatomy of New Specimens of Saurornitholestes langstoni (Dinosauria, Theropoda, Dromaeosauridae) from the Dinosaur Park Formation (Campanian) of Alberta.
Abstract The holotype of the dromaeosaurid Saurornitholestes langstoni was described in 1978 on the basis of fewer than 30 associated cranial and postcranial bones of a single individual from Dinosaur Provincial Park. Four additional partial skeletons of Saurornitholestes were recovered from Campanian (Upper Cretaceous) beds of Alberta and Montana over the next 25 years, although reasonably complete skeletons remained elusive, and virtually nothing was known about the skull. The lack of truly diagnostic material has been problematic, and the relationships of Saurornitholestes to other dromaeosaurids have be...
Source: Anatomical Record - September 9, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Currie PJ, Evans DC Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Mechanical Properties of the Human Tibial and Peroneal Nerves Following Stretch with Histological Correlations.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31496035 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - September 8, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kerns J, Piponov H, Helder C, Amirouche F, Solitro G, Gonzalez M Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Progenitor Cells from the Adult Human Inner Ear.
Abstract Loss of inner ear hair cells leads to incurable balance and hearing disorders because these sensory cells do not effectively regenerate in humans. A potential starting point for therapy would be the stimulation of quiescent progenitor cells within the damaged inner ear. Inner ear progenitor/stem cells, which have been described in rodent inner ears, would be principal candidates for such an approach. Despite the identification of progenitor cell populations in the human fetal cochlea and in the adult human spiral ganglion, no proliferative cell populations with the capacity to generate hair cells have bee...
Source: Anatomical Record - September 5, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Senn P, Mina A, Volkenstein S, Kranebitter V, Oshima K, Heller S Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Reconstructing the Neanderthal Eustachian Tube: New Insights on Disease Susceptibility, Fitness Cost, and Extinction.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31472033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - August 31, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Pagano AS, Márquez S, Laitman JT Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Anatomical, Histological, and Histochemical Analyses of the Scent Glands of the scorpion mud turtle (Kinosternon scorpioides scorpioides).
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31469489 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - August 30, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Bezerra AM, Rebelo LGB, De Sousa DF, Branco ÉR, Giese EG, Pereira WLA, De Lima AR Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Relationship between sphenoid sinus volume and accessory septations: a 3D assessment of risky anatomical variants for endoscopic surgery.
Abstract Sphenoid sinus accessory septations involve serious complications during their removal for the injury of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and the optic nerve (ON). The relationships of this anatomical variant with sphenoid size still remain to be analysed. Two-hundred and sixty patients (male:female ratio 1:1, aged between 18 and 92 years) were retrospectively assessed. Number of accessory septations and their relationship with ICA and ON was recorded. From each CT-scan the 3D model of sphenoid sinuses was extracted. Pearson's coefficient was calculated to assess a possible correlation between the...
Source: Anatomical Record - August 30, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Gibelli D, Cellina M, Gibelli S, Cappella A, Oliva AG, Termine G, Sforza C Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

You can't run, but you can hide: the skeleton of the sand-swimmer lizard Calyptommatus leiolepis (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae).
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31469501 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - August 30, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Holovacs NT, Daza JD, Guerra C, Stanley EL, Montero R Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Alpinumisoflavone Exhibits Anti-cancer Activities in Glioblastoma Multiforme by Suppressing Glycolysis.
This study aims to examine the role of AIF in GBM. Our results showed that AIF could decrease the cell viability of both T98G and U373 GBM cell lines. AIF treatment also caused cell cycle arrest at G1/G0 phase along with upregulation of p27 and downregulation of cyclin D1. AIF could significantly induce apoptosis in GBM cells. Activation of caspase-9, disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential and loss of mitochondrial cytochrome C were also observed following AIF treatment. Inhibition of glycolysis by AIF was demonstrated by reducing glucose consumption and lactate output in GBM cells. Moreover, HK2 was identified as ...
Source: Anatomical Record - August 24, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Zhao X, Zhang T, Jiang K, Gao H Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Spanish Neurohistology: maturity and evolution of a research school.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31444984 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - August 24, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Baratas-Díaz A Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research

Ramification Pattern of the Arteries Supplying the Rabbit Female Genital Organs.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31444985 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - August 24, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kigata T, Shibata H Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research