Estrogen receptors and their roles in the immune and respiratory systems
This article reviews some of the observed estrogen actions and effects in different tissues and cells through these specific receptors. This ubiquitous, almost ordinary hormone may reveal itself as a significant factor that helped us to better understand the complexity of the human immune system response against respiratory infections, including the COVID-19, and especially in the current state of this painful pandemic.PMID:33856123 | DOI:10.1002/ar.24612 (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - April 15, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Ieda Millas Mirna Duarte Barros Source Type: research

Estrogen receptors and their roles in the immune and respiratory systems
This article reviews some of the observed estrogen actions and effects in different tissues and cells through these specific receptors. This ubiquitous, almost ordinary hormone may reveal itself as a significant factor that helped us to better understand the complexity of the human immune system response against respiratory infections, including the COVID-19, and especially in the current state of this painful pandemic.PMID:33856123 | DOI:10.1002/ar.24612 (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - April 15, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Ieda Millas Mirna Duarte Barros Source Type: research

Effects of freezing and short-term fixation on muscle mass, volume and density
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 11. doi: 10.1002/ar.24639. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPreventing postmortem deterioration of soft-tissues is an important requisite of anatomical research. In order to provide corrections for potential myological distortions, this study quantifies the acute effects of freezing, formalin fixation and ethanol storage using muscles from (n =46) rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Bilateral dissections of specific muscles were performed and each side was assigned to a different preparation group (fresh, formalin fixation only, fixation followed by short duration ethanol storage, and freezing once o...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 12, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kaitlyn C Leonard Nikole Worden Marissa L Boettcher Edwin Dickinson Adam Hartstone-Rose Source Type: research

Scaling and relative size of the human, nonhuman ape, and baboon calcaneus
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 12. doi: 10.1002/ar.24642. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAmong human and nonhuman apes, calcaneal morphology exhibits significant variation that has been related to locomotor behavior. Due to its role in weight-bearing, however, both body size and locomotion may impact calcaneal morphology. Determining how calcaneal morphologies vary as a function of body size is thus vital to understanding calcaneal functional adaptation. Here, we study calcaneus allometry and relative size in humans (n=120) and nonhuman primates (n=278), analyzing these relationships in light of known locomotor behaviors. Twe...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 12, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Christine M Harper Christopher B Ruff Adam D Sylvester Source Type: research

Reconstructing tooth crown heights and enamel caps: A comparative test of three existing methods with recommendations for their use
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 11. doi: 10.1002/ar.24637. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTStudies of enamel growth and thickness, whether in paleoanthropology, bioarchaeology, or primatology, require measurements of crown height (CH), cuspal enamel thickness (CET), average (AET) and/or regional enamel thickness (RegAET) on complete, unworn crowns. Yet because fully unworn crowns are uncommon, three methods to bolster sample sizes by reconstructing slightly worn teeth have been developed: Profile, Polynomial, and Pen Tool. Although these methods have been tested for accuracy, no study has yet directly compared the three methods...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 12, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Mackie C O'Hara Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg Source Type: research

Effects of long-term ethanol storage on muscle architecture
This study aims to quantify the effects of long-term storage on myological properties across a sample of fresh and ethanol preserved Mus musculus specimens ranging in storage time from 16 to 130 years. Masses, volumes and densities of biceps femoris, quadriceps femoris and triceps surae were measured, and histological cross-sections of some specimens were used to evaluate the microscale effects of long-term fluid preservation. For the remainder of the sample, chemically dissected fascicle lengths were measured to evaluate the fixation effects on the linear dimensions of muscle architecture. Relative muscle mass, volume, fa...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 12, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kaitlyn C Leonard Nikole Worden Marissa L Boettcher Edwin Dickinson Adam Hartstone-Rose Source Type: research

Association between shape changes and bone remodeling patterns in the middle face during ontogeny in South American populations
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 12. doi: 10.1002/ar.24640. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe morphology of facial bones is modeled by processes of bone formation and resorption induced by interactions between tissues and compensatory responses. However, the role of remodeling patterns on the morphological changes within and among populations has been scarcely explored. Here, we assess the association between facial shape and the underlying bone cell activity throughout the ontogeny in two Amerindian populations that represent the extremes of craniofacial variation in South America. The sample comprises 71 individuals (36 adul...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 12, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Natalia Brachetta-Aporta Paula N Gonzalez Valeria Bernal Source Type: research

Effects of freezing and short-term fixation on muscle mass, volume and density
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 11. doi: 10.1002/ar.24639. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPreventing postmortem deterioration of soft-tissues is an important requisite of anatomical research. In order to provide corrections for potential myological distortions, this study quantifies the acute effects of freezing, formalin fixation and ethanol storage using muscles from (n =46) rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Bilateral dissections of specific muscles were performed and each side was assigned to a different preparation group (fresh, formalin fixation only, fixation followed by short duration ethanol storage, and freezing once o...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 12, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kaitlyn C Leonard Nikole Worden Marissa L Boettcher Edwin Dickinson Adam Hartstone-Rose Source Type: research

Scaling and relative size of the human, nonhuman ape, and baboon calcaneus
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 12. doi: 10.1002/ar.24642. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAmong human and nonhuman apes, calcaneal morphology exhibits significant variation that has been related to locomotor behavior. Due to its role in weight-bearing, however, both body size and locomotion may impact calcaneal morphology. Determining how calcaneal morphologies vary as a function of body size is thus vital to understanding calcaneal functional adaptation. Here, we study calcaneus allometry and relative size in humans (n=120) and nonhuman primates (n=278), analyzing these relationships in light of known locomotor behaviors. Twe...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 12, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Christine M Harper Christopher B Ruff Adam D Sylvester Source Type: research

Reconstructing tooth crown heights and enamel caps: A comparative test of three existing methods with recommendations for their use
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 11. doi: 10.1002/ar.24637. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTStudies of enamel growth and thickness, whether in paleoanthropology, bioarchaeology, or primatology, require measurements of crown height (CH), cuspal enamel thickness (CET), average (AET) and/or regional enamel thickness (RegAET) on complete, unworn crowns. Yet because fully unworn crowns are uncommon, three methods to bolster sample sizes by reconstructing slightly worn teeth have been developed: Profile, Polynomial, and Pen Tool. Although these methods have been tested for accuracy, no study has yet directly compared the three methods...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 12, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Mackie C O'Hara Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg Source Type: research

Effects of long-term ethanol storage on muscle architecture
This study aims to quantify the effects of long-term storage on myological properties across a sample of fresh and ethanol preserved Mus musculus specimens ranging in storage time from 16 to 130 years. Masses, volumes and densities of biceps femoris, quadriceps femoris and triceps surae were measured, and histological cross-sections of some specimens were used to evaluate the microscale effects of long-term fluid preservation. For the remainder of the sample, chemically dissected fascicle lengths were measured to evaluate the fixation effects on the linear dimensions of muscle architecture. Relative muscle mass, volume, fa...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 12, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kaitlyn C Leonard Nikole Worden Marissa L Boettcher Edwin Dickinson Adam Hartstone-Rose Source Type: research

Association between shape changes and bone remodeling patterns in the middle face during ontogeny in South American populations
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 12. doi: 10.1002/ar.24640. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe morphology of facial bones is modeled by processes of bone formation and resorption induced by interactions between tissues and compensatory responses. However, the role of remodeling patterns on the morphological changes within and among populations has been scarcely explored. Here, we assess the association between facial shape and the underlying bone cell activity throughout the ontogeny in two Amerindian populations that represent the extremes of craniofacial variation in South America. The sample comprises 71 individuals (36 adul...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 12, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Natalia Brachetta-Aporta Paula N Gonzalez Valeria Bernal Source Type: research

Effects of freezing and short-term fixation on muscle mass, volume and density
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 11. doi: 10.1002/ar.24639. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPreventing postmortem deterioration of soft-tissues is an important requisite of anatomical research. In order to provide corrections for potential myological distortions, this study quantifies the acute effects of freezing, formalin fixation and ethanol storage using muscles from (n =46) rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Bilateral dissections of specific muscles were performed and each side was assigned to a different preparation group (fresh, formalin fixation only, fixation followed by short duration ethanol storage, and freezing once o...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 12, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kaitlyn C Leonard Nikole Worden Marissa L Boettcher Edwin Dickinson Adam Hartstone-Rose Source Type: research

Scaling and relative size of the human, nonhuman ape, and baboon calcaneus
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 12. doi: 10.1002/ar.24642. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAmong human and nonhuman apes, calcaneal morphology exhibits significant variation that has been related to locomotor behavior. Due to its role in weight-bearing, however, both body size and locomotion may impact calcaneal morphology. Determining how calcaneal morphologies vary as a function of body size is thus vital to understanding calcaneal functional adaptation. Here, we study calcaneus allometry and relative size in humans (n=120) and nonhuman primates (n=278), analyzing these relationships in light of known locomotor behaviors. Twe...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 12, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Christine M Harper Christopher B Ruff Adam D Sylvester Source Type: research

Reconstructing tooth crown heights and enamel caps: A comparative test of three existing methods with recommendations for their use
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 11. doi: 10.1002/ar.24637. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTStudies of enamel growth and thickness, whether in paleoanthropology, bioarchaeology, or primatology, require measurements of crown height (CH), cuspal enamel thickness (CET), average (AET) and/or regional enamel thickness (RegAET) on complete, unworn crowns. Yet because fully unworn crowns are uncommon, three methods to bolster sample sizes by reconstructing slightly worn teeth have been developed: Profile, Polynomial, and Pen Tool. Although these methods have been tested for accuracy, no study has yet directly compared the three methods...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 12, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Mackie C O'Hara Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg Source Type: research

Effects of long-term ethanol storage on muscle architecture
This study aims to quantify the effects of long-term storage on myological properties across a sample of fresh and ethanol preserved Mus musculus specimens ranging in storage time from 16 to 130 years. Masses, volumes and densities of biceps femoris, quadriceps femoris and triceps surae were measured, and histological cross-sections of some specimens were used to evaluate the microscale effects of long-term fluid preservation. For the remainder of the sample, chemically dissected fascicle lengths were measured to evaluate the fixation effects on the linear dimensions of muscle architecture. Relative muscle mass, volume, fa...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 12, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kaitlyn C Leonard Nikole Worden Marissa L Boettcher Edwin Dickinson Adam Hartstone-Rose Source Type: research

Association between shape changes and bone remodeling patterns in the middle face during ontogeny in South American populations
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 12. doi: 10.1002/ar.24640. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe morphology of facial bones is modeled by processes of bone formation and resorption induced by interactions between tissues and compensatory responses. However, the role of remodeling patterns on the morphological changes within and among populations has been scarcely explored. Here, we assess the association between facial shape and the underlying bone cell activity throughout the ontogeny in two Amerindian populations that represent the extremes of craniofacial variation in South America. The sample comprises 71 individuals (36 adul...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 12, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Natalia Brachetta-Aporta Paula N Gonzalez Valeria Bernal Source Type: research

Anatomical and developmental aspects of iatrogenic injury to the right recurrent laryngeal nerve in surgical resections of substernal goiter
This report is part of a larger retrospective observational cohort study of 239 patients surgically treated for substernal goiter in the Gaffrée and Guinle University Hospital, Rio de Janeiro, from 2006 to 2018. From 239 patients, 13 presented with iatrogenic RLN injury, one patient presented bilateral lesion, totalling 15 iatrogenic lesions. Our analysis showed that the R-RLN seems to be anatomically more vulnerable to injury due to the embryological underpinnings addressed in this review, R-RLN = 64.29% (n = 9) and L-RLN = 35.71% (n = 5). Pathological factors like malignancy and size of the mass are relevant issue...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 10, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Rossano Kepler Alvim Fiorelli Alfredo Jorge Vasconcelos Duarte Aline de Quadros Teixeira Thiago Scharth Montenegro Pedro Eder Portari Filho Maria Ribeiro Santos Morard Manuel Silva Ascen ção Carlos Alberto Bas ílio Oliveira Pietro Novellino Source Type: research

Anatomical and developmental aspects of iatrogenic injury to the right recurrent laryngeal nerve in surgical resections of substernal goiter
This report is part of a larger retrospective observational cohort study of 239 patients surgically treated for substernal goiter in the Gaffrée and Guinle University Hospital, Rio de Janeiro, from 2006 to 2018. From 239 patients, 13 presented with iatrogenic RLN injury, one patient presented bilateral lesion, totalling 15 iatrogenic lesions. Our analysis showed that the R-RLN seems to be anatomically more vulnerable to injury due to the embryological underpinnings addressed in this review, R-RLN = 64.29% (n = 9) and L-RLN = 35.71% (n = 5). Pathological factors like malignancy and size of the mass are relevant issue...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 10, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Rossano Kepler Alvim Fiorelli Alfredo Jorge Vasconcelos Duarte Aline de Quadros Teixeira Thiago Scharth Montenegro Pedro Eder Portari Filho Maria Ribeiro Santos Morard Manuel Silva Ascen ção Carlos Alberto Bas ílio Oliveira Pietro Novellino Source Type: research

Zika virus outbreak in Brazil-Lessons learned and perspectives for a safe and effective vaccine
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 8. doi: 10.1002/ar.24622. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTZika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging pathogen of public health concern, associated with a dramatic burden in places where the virus caused outbreaks between 2015 and 2017. In the Americas, the ZIKV was first reported in Brazil and rapidly spread through the Americas. Since its first report, a number of studies have been published as we continue to learn, not only about modes of transmission, but also clinical manifestations, risk of congenital anomalies, including microcephaly and neurological malformations in fetuses born from mothers infecte...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 9, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Marco Aur élio Palazzi Sáfadi Flavia J Almeida Renato de Ávila Kfouri Source Type: research

Zika virus outbreak in Brazil-Lessons learned and perspectives for a safe and effective vaccine
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 8. doi: 10.1002/ar.24622. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTZika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging pathogen of public health concern, associated with a dramatic burden in places where the virus caused outbreaks between 2015 and 2017. In the Americas, the ZIKV was first reported in Brazil and rapidly spread through the Americas. Since its first report, a number of studies have been published as we continue to learn, not only about modes of transmission, but also clinical manifestations, risk of congenital anomalies, including microcephaly and neurological malformations in fetuses born from mothers infecte...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 9, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Marco Aur élio Palazzi Sáfadi Flavia J Almeida Renato de Ávila Kfouri Source Type: research

Acupuncture, from the ancient to the current
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 6. doi: 10.1002/ar.24625. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAcupuncture is characterized by the insertion of a fine metal needle through the skin of the human body at an acupuncture point (acupoint) in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). It is an ancient form of therapy, and has a long history of prosperity and decline. Due to the persistent efforts of TCM practitioners, a number of well-designed clinical trials regarding acupuncture have been published in the past decade. Besides, numerous basic researches aiming to reveal the mechanisms of acupuncture have also been conducted. Several scientific ...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 7, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Jiajie Zhu Jicheng Li Liangjun Yang Shan Liu Source Type: research

Acupuncture, from the ancient to the current
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Apr 6. doi: 10.1002/ar.24625. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAcupuncture is characterized by the insertion of a fine metal needle through the skin of the human body at an acupuncture point (acupoint) in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). It is an ancient form of therapy, and has a long history of prosperity and decline. Due to the persistent efforts of TCM practitioners, a number of well-designed clinical trials regarding acupuncture have been published in the past decade. Besides, numerous basic researches aiming to reveal the mechanisms of acupuncture have also been conducted. Several scientific ...
Source: Anatomical Record - April 7, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Jiajie Zhu Jicheng Li Liangjun Yang Shan Liu Source Type: research

Craniofacial developmental concepts in dynamic osteotomies and the Nautilus technique: A procedure created in Brazil for the treatment of craniosynostosis
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 28. doi: 10.1002/ar.24614. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCraniofacial development is the major focus of attention in surgical treatments for craniosynostosis. Growth rate, size, shape, and proportion of soft tissue and bone structures of the skull and face are determinant factors in the establishment of the vital functions of swallowing and breathing, as well as in the aesthetic balance of facial features, so important for the patient's psychological identity. This manuscript revisits the concept of craniosynostosis and reviews the major biological and anatomical factors that come into play in ...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 29, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Alessandra Dos Santos Silva Vera L úcia Nocchi Cardim Source Type: research

Craniofacial developmental concepts in dynamic osteotomies and the Nautilus technique: A procedure created in Brazil for the treatment of craniosynostosis
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 28. doi: 10.1002/ar.24614. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCraniofacial development is the major focus of attention in surgical treatments for craniosynostosis. Growth rate, size, shape, and proportion of soft tissue and bone structures of the skull and face are determinant factors in the establishment of the vital functions of swallowing and breathing, as well as in the aesthetic balance of facial features, so important for the patient's psychological identity. This manuscript revisits the concept of craniosynostosis and reviews the major biological and anatomical factors that come into play in ...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 29, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Alessandra Dos Santos Silva Vera L úcia Nocchi Cardim Source Type: research

Craniofacial developmental concepts in dynamic osteotomies and the Nautilus technique: A procedure created in Brazil for the treatment of craniosynostosis
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 28. doi: 10.1002/ar.24614. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCraniofacial development is the major focus of attention in surgical treatments for craniosynostosis. Growth rate, size, shape, and proportion of soft tissue and bone structures of the skull and face are determinant factors in the establishment of the vital functions of swallowing and breathing, as well as in the aesthetic balance of facial features, so important for the patient's psychological identity. This manuscript revisits the concept of craniosynostosis and reviews the major biological and anatomical factors that come into play in ...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 29, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Alessandra Dos Santos Silva Vera L úcia Nocchi Cardim Source Type: research

Craniofacial developmental concepts in dynamic osteotomies and the Nautilus technique: A procedure created in Brazil for the treatment of craniosynostosis
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 28. doi: 10.1002/ar.24614. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCraniofacial development is the major focus of attention in surgical treatments for craniosynostosis. Growth rate, size, shape, and proportion of soft tissue and bone structures of the skull and face are determinant factors in the establishment of the vital functions of swallowing and breathing, as well as in the aesthetic balance of facial features, so important for the patient's psychological identity. This manuscript revisits the concept of craniosynostosis and reviews the major biological and anatomical factors that come into play in ...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 29, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Alessandra Dos Santos Silva Vera L úcia Nocchi Cardim Source Type: research

Craniofacial developmental concepts in dynamic osteotomies and the Nautilus technique: A procedure created in Brazil for the treatment of craniosynostosis
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 28. doi: 10.1002/ar.24614. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCraniofacial development is the major focus of attention in surgical treatments for craniosynostosis. Growth rate, size, shape, and proportion of soft tissue and bone structures of the skull and face are determinant factors in the establishment of the vital functions of swallowing and breathing, as well as in the aesthetic balance of facial features, so important for the patient's psychological identity. This manuscript revisits the concept of craniosynostosis and reviews the major biological and anatomical factors that come into play in ...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 29, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Alessandra Dos Santos Silva Vera L úcia Nocchi Cardim Source Type: research

Craniofacial developmental concepts in dynamic osteotomies and the Nautilus technique: A procedure created in Brazil for the treatment of craniosynostosis
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 28. doi: 10.1002/ar.24614. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCraniofacial development is the major focus of attention in surgical treatments for craniosynostosis. Growth rate, size, shape, and proportion of soft tissue and bone structures of the skull and face are determinant factors in the establishment of the vital functions of swallowing and breathing, as well as in the aesthetic balance of facial features, so important for the patient's psychological identity. This manuscript revisits the concept of craniosynostosis and reviews the major biological and anatomical factors that come into play in ...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 29, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Alessandra Dos Santos Silva Vera L úcia Nocchi Cardim Source Type: research

Craniofacial developmental concepts in dynamic osteotomies and the Nautilus technique: A procedure created in Brazil for the treatment of craniosynostosis
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 28. doi: 10.1002/ar.24614. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCraniofacial development is the major focus of attention in surgical treatments for craniosynostosis. Growth rate, size, shape, and proportion of soft tissue and bone structures of the skull and face are determinant factors in the establishment of the vital functions of swallowing and breathing, as well as in the aesthetic balance of facial features, so important for the patient's psychological identity. This manuscript revisits the concept of craniosynostosis and reviews the major biological and anatomical factors that come into play in ...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 29, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Alessandra Dos Santos Silva Vera L úcia Nocchi Cardim Source Type: research

Craniofacial developmental concepts in dynamic osteotomies and the Nautilus technique: A procedure created in Brazil for the treatment of craniosynostosis
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 28. doi: 10.1002/ar.24614. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCraniofacial development is the major focus of attention in surgical treatments for craniosynostosis. Growth rate, size, shape, and proportion of soft tissue and bone structures of the skull and face are determinant factors in the establishment of the vital functions of swallowing and breathing, as well as in the aesthetic balance of facial features, so important for the patient's psychological identity. This manuscript revisits the concept of craniosynostosis and reviews the major biological and anatomical factors that come into play in ...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 29, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Alessandra Dos Santos Silva Vera L úcia Nocchi Cardim Source Type: research

Early postnatal lung development in the eastern quoll (Dasyurus viverrinus)
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.PMID:33773053 | DOI:10.1002/ar.24623 (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - March 27, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kirsten Ferner Source Type: research

Morphology based diagnostics of "protodogs". A commentary to Galeta et al., 2021, Anatomical Record, 304, 42-62 , DOI: 10.1002/ar.24500
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1002/ar.24624. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33773061 | DOI:10.1002/ar.24624 (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - March 27, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Luc A A Janssens Myriam Boudadi-Maligne Dennis F Lawler F Robin O'Keefe Stefan Van Dongen Source Type: research

Embryology of the Lower Limb Demonstrates That Congenital Absent Fibula Is a Radiologic Misnomer
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1002/ar.24628. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe congenitally shortened limb (CSL) with fibular deficiency or absence has historically been graded by plain radiography, while associated cartilaginous and arterial soft tissue anomalies have been comparatively neglected. Consistent pathological evidence of remnant cartilaginous bodies in place of the fibula presupposes earlier existence of a preformed cartilaginous template of the fibula. In complete fibular radiographic absences, often associated with midline metatarsal deficiencies, the two usual nutrient arteries to the fibula fail...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 27, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: David R Hootnick E Mark Levinsohn Source Type: research

Sagittal Suture Morphological Variation in Human Archaeological Populations
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1002/ar.24627. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCranial sutures join the many bones of the skull. They are therefore points of weakness and consequently subjected to the many mechanical stresses affecting the cranium. However, the way in which this impacts their morphological complexity remains unclear. We examine the intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms of human sagittal sutures by quantifying the morphology from 107 individuals from archaeological populations spanning the Mesolithic to Middle ages, using standardized two-dimensional photographs. Results show that the most important fac...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 27, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Olivia Cheronet Abigail Ash Alexandra Anders J ános Dani L ászló Domboróczki Eva Drozdova Michael Francken Marija Jovanovic Lidija Milasinovic Ildiko Pap P ál Raczky Maria Teschler-Nicola Zden ěk Tvrdý Joachim Wahl Gunita Zarina Ron Pinhasi Source Type: research

Sexual differences in human cranial morphology: is one sex more variable or one region more dimorphic?
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1002/ar.24626. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe quantification of cranial sexual dimorphism (CSD) among modern humans is relevant in evolutionary studies of morphological variation and in a forensic context. Despite the abundance of quantitative studies of CSD, few have specifically examined intra-sex variability. Here we quantify CSD in a geographically homogeneous sample of adult crania, which includes Italian individuals from the 19th and 20th centuries. Cranial morphology is described with 92 3D landmarks analyzed using Procrustean geometric morphometrics (PGMM). Size and shape...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 27, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Marco Milella Daniel Franklin Maria Giovanna Belcastro Andrea Cardini Source Type: research

Anatomy, technique, and results of robotic retroauricular approach to neck dissection
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1002/ar.24621. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn the attempt to improve the cosmetic and functional outcomes in head and neck surgeries, robotic or video-assisted neck dissection using remote access has gained ground in recent years. Retroauricular approach emerged as the most versatile option, allowing proper dissection at all neck levels. In this technique, after retroauricular incision, a skin flap is elevated and a self-retaining retractor is placed, creating working space for the robotic, or endoscopic neck dissection. Numerous published series have shown the safety and favorabl...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 27, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Luiz P Kowalski Renan B Lira Source Type: research

Early postnatal lung development in the eastern quoll (Dasyurus viverrinus)
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.PMID:33773053 | DOI:10.1002/ar.24623 (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - March 27, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Kirsten Ferner Source Type: research

Morphology based diagnostics of "protodogs". A commentary to Galeta et al., 2021, Anatomical Record, 304, 42-62 , DOI: 10.1002/ar.24500
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1002/ar.24624. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33773061 | DOI:10.1002/ar.24624 (Source: Anatomical Record)
Source: Anatomical Record - March 27, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Luc A A Janssens Myriam Boudadi-Maligne Dennis F Lawler F Robin O'Keefe Stefan Van Dongen Source Type: research

Embryology of the Lower Limb Demonstrates That Congenital Absent Fibula Is a Radiologic Misnomer
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1002/ar.24628. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe congenitally shortened limb (CSL) with fibular deficiency or absence has historically been graded by plain radiography, while associated cartilaginous and arterial soft tissue anomalies have been comparatively neglected. Consistent pathological evidence of remnant cartilaginous bodies in place of the fibula presupposes earlier existence of a preformed cartilaginous template of the fibula. In complete fibular radiographic absences, often associated with midline metatarsal deficiencies, the two usual nutrient arteries to the fibula fail...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 27, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: David R Hootnick E Mark Levinsohn Source Type: research

Sagittal Suture Morphological Variation in Human Archaeological Populations
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1002/ar.24627. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCranial sutures join the many bones of the skull. They are therefore points of weakness and consequently subjected to the many mechanical stresses affecting the cranium. However, the way in which this impacts their morphological complexity remains unclear. We examine the intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms of human sagittal sutures by quantifying the morphology from 107 individuals from archaeological populations spanning the Mesolithic to Middle ages, using standardized two-dimensional photographs. Results show that the most important fac...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 27, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Olivia Cheronet Abigail Ash Alexandra Anders J ános Dani L ászló Domboróczki Eva Drozdova Michael Francken Marija Jovanovic Lidija Milasinovic Ildiko Pap P ál Raczky Maria Teschler-Nicola Zden ěk Tvrdý Joachim Wahl Gunita Zarina Ron Pinhasi Source Type: research

Sexual differences in human cranial morphology: is one sex more variable or one region more dimorphic?
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1002/ar.24626. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe quantification of cranial sexual dimorphism (CSD) among modern humans is relevant in evolutionary studies of morphological variation and in a forensic context. Despite the abundance of quantitative studies of CSD, few have specifically examined intra-sex variability. Here we quantify CSD in a geographically homogeneous sample of adult crania, which includes Italian individuals from the 19th and 20th centuries. Cranial morphology is described with 92 3D landmarks analyzed using Procrustean geometric morphometrics (PGMM). Size and shape...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 27, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Marco Milella Daniel Franklin Maria Giovanna Belcastro Andrea Cardini Source Type: research

Anatomy, technique, and results of robotic retroauricular approach to neck dissection
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1002/ar.24621. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn the attempt to improve the cosmetic and functional outcomes in head and neck surgeries, robotic or video-assisted neck dissection using remote access has gained ground in recent years. Retroauricular approach emerged as the most versatile option, allowing proper dissection at all neck levels. In this technique, after retroauricular incision, a skin flap is elevated and a self-retaining retractor is placed, creating working space for the robotic, or endoscopic neck dissection. Numerous published series have shown the safety and favorabl...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 27, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Luiz P Kowalski Renan B Lira Source Type: research

A biographical account of John Paul Richard Thomas, the man who leaves no stone unturned
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 24. doi: 10.1002/ar.24619. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis biographical account summarizes the professional career and scientific contributions of John Paul Richard Thomas, a contemporary leading figure in the systematics of West Indian amphibians and non-avian reptiles, especially of blind snakes of the families Typhlopidae and Leptotyphlopidae. Since his first expedition to the West Indies in 1957, Richard's vast field experience (including three trips to Peru between 1968 and 1974), impressive collecting skills, and remarkable ability to detect phenotypic variation among natural populatio...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 25, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Javier A Rodr íguez-Robles Manuel Leal Juan D Daza Alexandra Herrera-Mart ínez Oscar E Ospina Source Type: research

A biographical account of John Paul Richard Thomas, the man who leaves no stone unturned
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 24. doi: 10.1002/ar.24619. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis biographical account summarizes the professional career and scientific contributions of John Paul Richard Thomas, a contemporary leading figure in the systematics of West Indian amphibians and non-avian reptiles, especially of blind snakes of the families Typhlopidae and Leptotyphlopidae. Since his first expedition to the West Indies in 1957, Richard's vast field experience (including three trips to Peru between 1968 and 1974), impressive collecting skills, and remarkable ability to detect phenotypic variation among natural populatio...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 25, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Javier A Rodr íguez-Robles Manuel Leal Juan D Daza Alexandra Herrera-Mart ínez Oscar E Ospina Source Type: research

A biographical account of John Paul Richard Thomas, the man who leaves no stone unturned
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 24. doi: 10.1002/ar.24619. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis biographical account summarizes the professional career and scientific contributions of John Paul Richard Thomas, a contemporary leading figure in the systematics of West Indian amphibians and non-avian reptiles, especially of blind snakes of the families Typhlopidae and Leptotyphlopidae. Since his first expedition to the West Indies in 1957, Richard's vast field experience (including three trips to Peru between 1968 and 1974), impressive collecting skills, and remarkable ability to detect phenotypic variation among natural populatio...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 25, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Javier A Rodr íguez-Robles Manuel Leal Juan D Daza Alexandra Herrera-Mart ínez Oscar E Ospina Source Type: research

Interpretation of acupoint location in traditional Chinese medicine teaching: Implications for acupuncture in research and clinical practice
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 19. doi: 10.1002/ar.24618. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAcupuncture is a therapeutic intervention of traditional Chinese medicine, characterized by the insertion of a fine metal needle through the human body's skin at an acupuncture point (acupoint). Acupuncture has become from cultural curiosity to fast-growing complementary and alternative medicine therapy worldwide, including in the United States. The ability to locate acupoints on the body surface precisely is critical for the acupuncture treatment. However, the location of acupoints varies frequently among practitioners. Therefore, in the...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 19, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Yi Zhang Source Type: research

Interpretation of acupoint location in traditional Chinese medicine teaching: Implications for acupuncture in research and clinical practice
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 19. doi: 10.1002/ar.24618. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAcupuncture is a therapeutic intervention of traditional Chinese medicine, characterized by the insertion of a fine metal needle through the human body's skin at an acupuncture point (acupoint). Acupuncture has become from cultural curiosity to fast-growing complementary and alternative medicine therapy worldwide, including in the United States. The ability to locate acupoints on the body surface precisely is critical for the acupuncture treatment. However, the location of acupoints varies frequently among practitioners. Therefore, in the...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 19, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Yi Zhang Source Type: research

Interpretation of acupoint location in traditional Chinese medicine teaching: Implications for acupuncture in research and clinical practice
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 19. doi: 10.1002/ar.24618. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAcupuncture is a therapeutic intervention of traditional Chinese medicine, characterized by the insertion of a fine metal needle through the human body's skin at an acupuncture point (acupoint). Acupuncture has become from cultural curiosity to fast-growing complementary and alternative medicine therapy worldwide, including in the United States. The ability to locate acupoints on the body surface precisely is critical for the acupuncture treatment. However, the location of acupoints varies frequently among practitioners. Therefore, in the...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 19, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Yi Zhang Source Type: research

Interpretation of acupoint location in traditional Chinese medicine teaching: Implications for acupuncture in research and clinical practice
Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2021 Mar 19. doi: 10.1002/ar.24618. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAcupuncture is a therapeutic intervention of traditional Chinese medicine, characterized by the insertion of a fine metal needle through the human body's skin at an acupuncture point (acupoint). Acupuncture has become from cultural curiosity to fast-growing complementary and alternative medicine therapy worldwide, including in the United States. The ability to locate acupoints on the body surface precisely is critical for the acupuncture treatment. However, the location of acupoints varies frequently among practitioners. Therefore, in the...
Source: Anatomical Record - March 19, 2021 Category: Anatomy Authors: Yi Zhang Source Type: research