Title 42 ’s End Won’t Affect Most Border Crossers
David J. BierThe U.S. Border Patrolcould soon lose its novel authority to expel border crossers back into Mexico under Title 42 of the U.S. code, a 19th century public health law never previously used to remove people from the United States. Since March 2020, the agency has used Title 42 to ignore the normal process to which crossers are entitled under Title 8 of the U.S. immigration code and force them back into Mexico often within a few minutes of their arrests. The government is also flying some migrants directly back to their home countries under the rule.Figure 1 shows the number of border arrests by processing type: ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - December 20, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: David J. Bier Source Type: blogs

U.S. Can ’t Afford Another Decade Without New Free Trade Agreements
Clark PackardAs 2022 winds down, it is worth noting that it has now been ten years since the United States entered into a free trade agreement (FTA) with new trading partners. Despite claims that the United States is a “hyperglobalist,” the reality is much different. In fact, as Adam Posen of the Peterson Institute for international economicsnoted in his excellentForeign Affairs essay last year, the United States has been withdrawing from international economic integration for about 20 years. The consequences of a stagnant trade agenda will become more apparent and pronounced as time passes.In 2012, U.S....
Source: Cato-at-liberty - December 20, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Clark Packard Source Type: blogs

Chile and Latin America ’s Disposable Constitutions
Ian V ásquezChile votes this Sunday on a proposed, new constitution. It is a far-left document that would undermine fundamental rights and impoverish the country. Chileans should reject it. My colleagues and I have discussed the Chilean success story under the current constitution, the political conditions that gave rise to a constitutional convention that began meeting last year, and the problems with the proposed basic charterhere,here,here,here, andhere.In light of Chile ’s referendum, I reprint below a rough translation of anarticle I published in Peru in 2019 about Latin America ’s sorry tradition of frequently r...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 3, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Ian V ásquez Source Type: blogs

Ecuador ’s New Left Shows Its True Colors
Gabriela Calderon de Burgos andDaniel RaisbeckThe president of Ecuador ’s job description could fall under temporary labor. Between 1997 and 2005, the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (Conaie) led a series of protests in the capital city of Quito that toppled three sitting presidents. In 2019, former president Lenin Moreno, who tried to get rid of a fuel subsidy and unleashed Conaie ’s wrath, decided to transfer the seat of government to the coastal city of Guayaquil as Quito came under siege. Unlike his defenestrated predecessors, Moreno managed to ensure the loyalty of the top military b...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 30, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Gabriela Calderon de Burgos, Daniel Raisbeck Source Type: blogs

A Valentine ’s Day Full of Chocolate, Roses, and… Tariffs?
Scott Lincicome and Alfredo Carrillo ObregonChocolate and roses are the language of love, and through them, millions of people in the United States will today express their affection for their significant others. Yet, for the — *ahem* —dispassionate analysis we conduct here at the Cato Institute, candy and flowers are also prime examples of how free trade improves our lives by making it easier to purchase quality goods at lower prices, and by contrast, how protectionism does just the opposite.In the case of chocolate, we havepreviouslyexplained how the U.S. sugar program – a complex array of government price support...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - February 14, 2022 Category: American Health Authors: Scott Lincicome, Alfredo Carrillo Obregon Source Type: blogs

Dollarization for Lebanon
ConclusionThe US dollar is not a perfect currency. But it needn ' t be perfect to provide a vast improvement over Lebanon ' s chaotic status quo. Annual inflation of 2 percent is far better than 50 percent. A free currency market is far better than one with price controls and discriminatory rationing. Full dollarization offers the best hope for turning the lights back on in Lebanon._________________[1] This essay contains the gist of my remarks made via Zoom to an audience in Lebanon on Saturday, 18 June 2020. My thanks to Forrest Partovi and Jalal Hasbini respectively for arranging the event and for leading the discussion...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - July 30, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Lawrence H. White Source Type: blogs

Exposed, silenced, attacked: failures to protect health and essential workers during the pandemic
Amnesty International - Amnesty has collated and analysed a wide range of available data showing that more than 3,000 health workers have died after contracting Covid-19 in 79 countries, though the figure is likely to be a significant underestimate due to under-reporting. According to Amnesty ’s monitoring, the countries with the highest numbers of health worker deaths thus far, are: Russia (545), UK (England and Wales: 540, including 262 social care workers), USA (507), Brazil (351), Mexico (248), Italy (188), Egypt (111), Iran (91), Ecuador (82) and Spain (63). In the UK, early studi es indicate that black, Asian...
Source: Health Management Specialist Library - July 13, 2020 Category: UK Health Authors: The King ' s Fund Library Tags: Local authorities, public health and health inequalities Workforce and employment Source Type: blogs

Senator Sanders Is Wrong on Cuban Education and Healthcare
Marian L. Tupy andChelsea FollettThe current frontrunner among the contenders vying to become the Democratic Party ’s presidential candidate, Senator Bernie Sanders (D‑VT), sang Cuba’s praises in a recent60 Minutesinterview on CBS. Senator Sanders applauded Cuba ’s education and healthcare system. Potential Sanders supporters should know that Cuba’s literacy rate and healthcare system are nothing to lionize.First, consider literacy. According to Sanders, “When Fidel Castro came into office, you know what he did? He had a massive literacy program. Is that a bad thing? ” Sanders is surely old eno...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - February 25, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Marian L. Tupy, Chelsea Follett Source Type: blogs

Answer to Case 572
Answer toParasite Case of the Week 572: Tungiasis, due to the parasitic female sand flea. As Blaine mentioned, it is most likelyTunga penetrans,but in Brazil, Ecuador and Peru, there is a second species infesting humans:T. trimamillata.It ' s not possible to tell the two species apart from this image alone.What we can see from this beautiful image by Dr. Maia is an anterior portion of the femaleTungaflea that had been curretted from the patient ' s foot lesion.Infestation with theTungaflea is called tungiasis. From anonymous: Tungiasis " is one of our favorite words as sounds very nasty and rolls off the tongue very nicely...
Source: Creepy Dreadful Wonderful Parasites - December 8, 2019 Category: Parasitology Source Type: blogs

Thanking a lot of people - all the Acknowledgement sections from all my papers
This article was written using the Authorea scientific writing platform.The authors would like to thank the Coronado Pop Warner Islanders for initial collection of the sample and participation in Project MERCCURI, as well as Kris Tracy who assisted in the etymology of the proposed species name.The 16S rRNA sequence analysis was performed under the MiSeq Com- petition MkIIm by New Zealand Genome Limited and with the assistance of Patrick Biggs (NZGL) for MiSeq sequence processing. We thank Alex- ander Forrest for the loan of the Brancker CTD. We are grateful to three anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions. W...
Source: The Tree of Life - November 28, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jonathan Eisen Source Type: blogs

Chile's Success Story is Difficult to Deny
Ian V ásquezWeeks after a 3.75% rise in metro fares in Santiago, Chile sparked violent protests by a small group of students that then generated more widespread disruption, mostly peaceful mass protests continue. Some observers have seized on the political crisis to make often-repeated claims that Chile ’s free-market model has generated growing inequality and been fundamentally unjust despite having produced greater wealth.Yet such claims are difficult to square with the facts. Since its free-market reforms began in 1975, Chile has quadrupled its income per capita, making it the most prosperous country in Latin America...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - November 4, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Ian V ásquez Source Type: blogs

A Strong Currency Is No Good Reason to Keep Tariffs High
An interestingdebate has arisen in Ecuador during recent weeks over the following proposition advanced by authors at a Quito think tank: a dollarized country shouldn ’t reduce its tariffs when the dollar is overvalued relative to the currencies of its regional trading partners (according to purchasing-power-parity measures) because that would undermine its “competitiveness” in export market. As several commentators have noticed, this is reminiscent of the Mercantilist view that a country will lose too much of its gold if it does not discourage imports with tariffs or promote exports with subsidies, a view that David ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - July 5, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Lawrence H. White Source Type: blogs

For More Short Sea Shipping, Get the Federal Government Out of the Way
Freight transport on the country ’s coasts and inland waterways, more commonly known as short sea shipping, is in a pitiable state. Despite being the mostenergy-efficient method of freight transport it accounts for  a mere 6 percent of domestic tonnage moved. The corresponding figure in Europe is 40 percent. Instead of using waterborne transport, Americans place about 75 percent of their freight on trucks. That means more highway congestion, more highway maintenance, and more pollution.This is unlikely to change if a recent House Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation Subcommittee  hearing  on short sea shipping ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - July 1, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Colin Grabow Source Type: blogs

Five Misconceptions about the Crisis in Venezuela
Some media reports and analyses on the latest developments in Venezuela are repeating the following five misconceptions: 1.      “Juan Guaidó proclaimed himself president of Venezuela” Juan Guaid ó is the president of the National Assembly, a body that is controlled by the opposition. On January 10 a new presidential term started and, as required by the Constitution, the president-elect had to be sworn-in in front of the National Assembly. However, Nicolás Maduro was “reelected” last M ay in a sham election that the leading opposition parties were prevented from contesting it. Thus, on January 10 most Wes...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 28, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Juan Carlos Hidalgo Source Type: blogs