Options for Designing a Public Option
State and federal policymakers are considering adding state-backed public options to the individual market in an effort to expand health coverage and improve affordability. We analyzed what would happen if public options became available in U.S. health insurance exchanges. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 28, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Michael Cohen; Al Bingham; Stan Dorn; Jodi L. Liu; Christine Eibner Source Type: blogs

Modeling the Future of COVID-19: Q & A with RAND Experts
The phrase“flatten the curve” familiarized millions of Americans with epidemiological models used to estimate virus transmission, cases, and potential deaths from COVID-19. But new models are needed as the country enters a different stage of the crisis, one in which changed behaviors must be taken into account. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 26, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Jeanne S. Ringel; Raffaele Vardavas; Carter C. Price Source Type: blogs

Why the United States Will Need a New Foreign Policy in 2020
Even before the COVID-19 pandemic, the United States faced a growing strategic predicament: U.S. challenges are mounting and its international commitments increasingly outstrip its means to fulfill them. Since the pandemic, these problems have only multiplied. No matter who wins the 2020 election, big changes in America's foreign policy could be on the horizon. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 26, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Raphael S. Cohen Source Type: blogs

Emergency COVID-19 Aid Helps College Students with Food and Housing: Four Ways Colleges Can Maintain That Support
The COVID-19 pandemic has expanded the pool of cash-strapped college students, but many were already struggling. The crisis could draw attention to food and housing insecurity among college students, and give college leaders a chance to consider how to address these needs more systematically over the long-term. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 26, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Lindsay Daugherty; Drew Anderson Source Type: blogs

To Preserve Jobs, America's Employers May Have to Get Creative
With about 38.6 million Americans filing for unemployment insurance benefits since the end of February, it is clear that COVID-19 has turned the world of work upside down. One way to reduce the economic damage may be job-sharing, an approach that focuses on maximizing jobs by reducing workers'hours rather than resorting to layoffs or furloughs. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 26, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Jason Michael Ward Source Type: blogs

How COVID-19 Affected the Nation's Schools: New Data Gives Insights for Planning
RAND surveyed teachers and principals in the American Educator Panels to gauge how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected schooling, what supports they need, and how they are thinking about the next school year. Later this summer, we will publish short reports that examine some topics in more detail. We invite others to use our results to inform their own work and the guidance they are providing. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 26, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Laura S. Hamilton Source Type: blogs

Vaccination and Coronavirus: Where the Public Good Clashes with Choice and Freedom
With scientists striving for a viable coronavirus vaccine, and public health officials considering its potential rollout, do calls for freedom of choice and anti-vaccination sentiments, as seen in recent televised protests, represent a worrying omen? (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 22, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Alina I. Palimaru; Marcus Dillistone Source Type: blogs

What Happens When States Reopen, Truth Decay, Telemedicine: RAND Weekly Recap
This weekly recap focuses on the health and economic consequences of states reopening, the dangers of Truth Decay during the coronavirus crisis, helping refugees, and more. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 22, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: blogs

China's Aggression Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic Has Little to Do with COVID-19
As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to monopolize the attention of leaders around the world, some international observers of China have concluded that Beijing is attempting to exploit the crisis for geopolitical gain. The reality is that China has been engaging in the same types of pressure tactics for years and will likely continue once the pandemic passes. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 20, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Derek Grossman Source Type: blogs

Russia's Challenge and Syria's Chance
With much of Syria lying in ruins, Russia can back a revived United Nations – led peacemaking process, or see the West rebuff its appeals for large-scale aid. If Russia chooses wisely, the West, wealthy Gulf countries, and China could help. If Moscow procrastinates, the West may withhold assistance and continue cooperation with regional partners. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 20, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Colin P. Clarke; William Courtney Source Type: blogs

RAND's Response to a Past Pandemic: HIV/AIDS
In the 1980s, HIV/AIDS killed 90 percent of those infected. RAND was at the forefront of the research response, providing key data on costs of care, barriers to access, and the disease's effects on quality of life. RAND continues to pursue ways to ease HIV's impact in the United States and Africa. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 19, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: blogs

North Korea Post – Kim Jong Un Reappearance: Expect Business as Usual in the Hermit Kingdom
Kim Jong Un's return, while it leaves much to be desired in the way of explanation, should send one message to the international audience: North Korea's fate rests still in the hands of Kim Jong Un. And judging by appearances in recent days, Kim does not appear to intend to change the course of his strategy to reduce tensions with the United States. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 19, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Soo W. Kim Source Type: blogs

How to Help Refugees and Host Countries Combat COVID-19
Having escaped conflict and persecution, refugees now risk illness and death from COVID-19. That risk is heightened by a policy regime that focuses largely on refugees in camps, not the almost two-thirds who live in urban areas. But the crisis could provide an opportunity to reform a broken system for the benefit of refugees and host countries alike. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 18, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Shelly Culbertson; Gary Edson Source Type: blogs

Relaxing COVID-19 Restrictions Presents Stark Health and Economic Choices
RAND's new publicly available COVID-19 interventions impact tool uses epidemiological and economic models and continually refreshed data to estimate what could happen as restrictions are eased. Our tool cannot make the choices confronting state leaders less painful, but it can provide clear evidence-based estimates of the health and economic trade-offs. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 18, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Jeanne S. Ringel; Raffaele Vardavas; Aaron Strong Source Type: blogs

Civilians Returning from War Zones Need More Support
Civilians work alongside the military in combat zones or other high-stress, high-risk areas. But when they return, their experience is much different. They come home to support that is often incomplete and insufficient, and sometimes entirely nonexistent. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 18, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: blogs

Preparing for a Post-Vaccine World, Domestic Abuse, the Future of War: RAND Weekly Recap
This weekly recap focuses on why we need a blueprint for a post-vaccine world, helping domestic abuse victims during COVID-19, the pandemic's historic economic effects, and more. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 15, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: blogs

Public Health Lessons on Intimate Partner Violence Tucked into < em > Tiger King < /em >
Substantial work has been done to figure out how best to address intimate partner violence, but with limited attention regarding how best to meet the unique needs of gay, lesbian, and bisexual victims. The popularity of Netflix'sTiger King, and its depiction of intimate partner violence between Joe Exotic and his two husbands, could help to focus attention on a very real, and often hidden, problem. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 15, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Sarah MacCarthy Source Type: blogs

Global Challenges to Maintaining a Healthy Workforce During a Pandemic: Views from RAND Experts
As nations across the globe remain in lockdown to curb the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, questions about the future of employment and workforce productivity emerge. During a recent webinar, RAND experts discussed how to get people back to work and improve productivity post COVID-19. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 15, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Jennifer Bouey; Christian Van Stolk; Charles P. Ries Source Type: blogs

COVID-19 Highlights the Shortcomings of America's Digital Infrastructure
Much like America's aging physical infrastructure, America's digital infrastructure needs updating. To fix these urgent problems, local, state, and federal governments could turn to best practices used in the private sector to develop more reliable software. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 14, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: James Ryseff Source Type: blogs

Should Communities Be Concerned About Digital Technologies to Fight COVID-19?
Personal, internet-connected electronic devices, such as smartphones and activity trackers, are offering an unprecedented opportunity to identify, track, map, and communicate about COVID-19 within communities. But these digital applications could pose privacy and security concerns. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 13, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Abbie Tingstad; Shira H. Fischer; Erika L. Bloom; Mary Lee Source Type: blogs

Civilians and Military Collaborate to Address Climate Change
The Hampton Roads area in Virginia is home to more than 1.7 million people, a major port, and more military installations than anywhere else in the United States. Its rising sea levels and floods brought together civilian and military officials on a project to mitigate damage and foster resiliency. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 13, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: blogs

Measures to Help Domestic Abuse Victims During COVID-19 Are Welcome but Not Enough
One of the most worrying and consistent trends during the COVID-19 lockdown is an increase in domestic violence. Governments are taking different approaches in how they act to stop the violence and help victims to be heard during the lockdown. Securing adequate resources for support services is vital. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 12, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Madeline Nightingale; Joanna Hofman; Sarah Grand-Clement Source Type: blogs

Want to Stem the Rising Mental Health Crisis? Look Beyond the Usual Suspects for Help
As the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic effects spread, concerns about mental health impacts continue to grow. Many communities and policymakers are desperate to stem the tide of unaddressed mental health needs, and with the right investments in training, task-shifting models have enormous potential to bolster available, accessible mental health services. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 12, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Lynsay Ayer; Clare Stevens Source Type: blogs

The Future of Research Outputs
The changing nature of research outputs has the potential to affect a wide range of organizations and people. A proactive stance could help drive research towards better practices in information storage, sharing and communication, but requires early action and shared goals at a sector level. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 12, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Susan Guthrie; Maja Maricevic; Catriona Manville Source Type: blogs

Equal Pay for Equal Work: How Binding Pay Transparency Measures May Help
More than 60 years ago, the EU introduced the principle of equal pay for equal work for men and women. Yet, a gender pay gap persists in most countries. In 2014, a European Commission Recommendation encouraged member states to implement measures to aid pay transparency, however, implementation has been limited. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 12, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Michaela Bruckmayer Source Type: blogs

Why Russia Struggles to Feed Its Great-Power Addiction
Russia has become less cooperative and pursued more autarky in recent years. If Moscow continues this path of resisting globalization, it could be left behind. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 11, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: William Courtney; Howard J. Shatz Source Type: blogs

Needed: A Blueprint for a Post-Vaccine World
When a COVID-19 vaccine is developed, many in rich countries may be able to afford it while the poor and uninsured may not. In poor countries, most people won't be able to pay. The time to plan for equitable access, financing, intellectual property rights, and global production is now. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 11, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Krishna B. Kumar; Mahshid Abir; Christopher Nelson Source Type: blogs

Exposing Russian Information Operations Does Not Violate the First Amendment
Russia's hostile information operations are continuous and extend to a broad range of domestic issues. First Amendment concerns are important, but they do not protect hostile information campaigns by foreign actors, nor are they a legal excuse for inaction by the United States. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 11, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Brian Michael Jenkins Source Type: blogs

Economic Recovery in Egypt Should Include Women
Despite tremendous strides in educational attainment, women's engagement in the labor force in Egypt remains limited. Will Egypt's post-pandemic recovery further exacerbate structural barriers and inequities? Or could the current economic crisis be an opportunity to develop new opportunities to employ women and foster conditions for a more inclusive and diversified labor force? (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 11, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Louay Constant Source Type: blogs

Biosecurity Is the Lesson We Need to Learn from the Coronavirus Pandemic
Biological outbreaks have been a fear among experts for decades and human activities present windows of vulnerability. To address this, America needs to have a new approach to biosafety and biosecurity that addresses the full range of biological threats that humankind and the global environment will face in the future. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 11, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Daniel M. Gerstein; James Giordano Source Type: blogs

The Serious Side of Gaming: Q & A with Yuna Wong
Yuna Wong, codirector of RAND's Center for Gaming, didn't expect to make gaming a focus of her career. In this interview, she discusses what drew her to the field, what makes a good wargame, and her latest research on the dangers of putting too much trust in artificial intelligence. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 8, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Yuna Huh Wong Source Type: blogs

Reopening America, China's'Mask Diplomacy,' State Police Powers: RAND Weekly Recap
This weekly recap focuses on a RAND tool that estimates the public health and economic effects of reopening America, China's “ mask diplomacy, ” using police powers for pandemic response, and more. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 8, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: blogs

COVID-19 Crisis Could Spur Post-Soviet Fixes
Much of the post-Soviet space remains afflicted with authoritarian rule, inefficient economies, corruption, and regional tensions. The COVID-19 crisis could prod countries to address key issues, but they will need help. Targeted Western aid could help willing countries make progress. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 8, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Denis Corboy; William Courtney; Kenneth Yalowitz Source Type: blogs

North Korean Provocations, Not Denuclearization
Kim Jong-un's reappearance on May 2 raises questions about the course of U.S. – North Korea relationships in the coming year. What should we expect? What can we learn from the past? (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 8, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Bruce W. Bennett Source Type: blogs

Is the Unemployment Rate Now Higher Than It Was in the Great Depression?
The extent of COVID-19's effect on the labor market will be catastrophic for many workers and businesses. Matching the unemployment rate peak set by the Great Depression is a possibility, but reaching this unfortunate milestone is not necessary to establish the historic nature of the downturn we are living through today. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 7, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Jeffrey B. Wenger; Kathryn A. Edwards Source Type: blogs

Are Military Purchases in SE Asia for Political Balancing a Good Use of National Defense Resources?
The Philippines has embarked upon a multi-phase, multi-year modernization of its armed forces, but some of the acquisition decisions appear to be driven by political symbolism rather than responsible military decisions. Using military procurement for political symbolism and paying a high price for it takes resources away from other pressing national security and domestic needs. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 7, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Chandler Sachs; John V. Parachini Source Type: blogs

Jumpstarting the U.S.-Japan-Korea Trilateral Amid COVID-19
Since roughly 2012, South Korea – Japan ties have frayed over tensions between the two countries. Could the United States use its relationships with Japan and South Korea to encourage trilateral medical cooperation during the pandemic, ensure that the Tokyo Games are held, and in so doing help support healing in the relationship between Seoul and Tokyo? (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Scott W. Harold Source Type: blogs

Russian S-400 Surface to Air Missile System: Is It Worth the Sticker Price?
Many countries do not fully appreciate that effective air defense requires a networked system and not just one missile system component. Gettting the true defensive value out of the S-400 surface to air system requires additional components that add costs and complexities. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Peter A. Wilson; John V. Parachini Source Type: blogs

Protecting the U.S. Supply on Heavy Lift Launch Vehicles
Our recent RAND report on the global heavy lift launch market highlights the potential for a near term shortage of launch vehicles needed to lift U.S. defense and intelligence satellites to orbit. These satellites are the eyes, ears, networks and timekeepers of U.S. armed services, and an inability to launch them in times of need could compromise national security. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Bonnie L. Triezenberg Source Type: blogs

Don't Make the Pandemic Worse with Poor Data Analysis
The need for immediate answers in the face of severe public health and economic distress may create a temptation to relax statistical standards. But urgency should not preclude expert analysis and honest assessments of uncertainty. Mistaken assumptions could lead to counterproductive actions. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Matthew D. Baird; David G. Groves; Osonde A. Osoba; Andrew M. Parker; Ricardo Sanchez; Claude Messan Setodji Source Type: blogs

Don't Be Fooled by China's Mask Diplomacy
China has provided coronavirus-related aid to hundreds of countries. This appears to be an effort to make the world forget its role in the COVID-19 crisis, and to take advantage of its neighbors'current distraction. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 5, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Jeffrey W. Hornung Source Type: blogs

Non-Emergency Medical Transportation in the Time of COVID-19
More widespread availability of rideshare for non-emergency medical transport may save lives, reserve emergency resources for those who need them and provide safe pathways to primary care for the chronically ill. It could also save livelihoods, providing employment in a time of economic hardship. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 5, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Laura Fraade-Blanar; Christopher Whaley Source Type: blogs

Leading with the Proper Use of Scientific Evidence Is Better Than Hiding Behind It
Evidence only has scientific meaning when it is part of a body of disciplinary knowledge produced by a community of scientists. Leading with scientific evidence, coupled with a wider values framework, may result in better outcomes for all. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 5, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Tom Ling Source Type: blogs

Reopening America — The Health and Economic Trade-Offs: Q & A with RAND Experts
Local and state officials are thinking through whether, when, and how to lift social-distancing restrictions. We asked three RAND researchers about the complex problem of reopening. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 4, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Courtney A. Gidengil; Aaron Strong; Anita Chandra Source Type: blogs

Reviewing Vietnam's'Struggle' Options in the South China Sea
Once again, Chinese assertiveness against Vietnam in the South China Sea is on the rise. Vietnam has publicly protested each Chinese move, but these statements have yet to alter Beijing's bad behavior. Among its many options, Hanoi could look to Washington for further assistance. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 4, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: blogs

Reopening America — The Health and Economic Tradeoffs: Q & A with RAND Experts
Knowing that more than 1 million people in the United States have contracted COVID-19, and at least 30 million have been thrown out of work by policies to slow the spread of the virus, local and state officials have to figure out the path forward. Three RAND experts discuss how to begin thinking about reopening. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 4, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Courtney A. Gidengil; Aaron Strong; Anita Chandra Source Type: blogs

Planning for the Upcoming Hurricane Season in Light of COVID-19
What if Hurricane Katrina had hit during a pandemic? Emergency planners can prepare for this scenario by evaluating current response system capacity, evacuation and sheltering procedures, food and supply issues, and more. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 4, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Aaron Clark-Ginsberg; Gary Cecchine; Craig Fugate; Craig A. Bond Source Type: blogs

Digital Learning Needs to Benefit All Children When Schools Close
Three factors are essential for any digital learning method. First, it must be inclusive. Second, it should support the learning experience, not replace it. And third, evidence of what works should inform digital learning interventions. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 4, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Axelle Devaux Source Type: blogs

New Teacher Survey Shows That Digital Materials Were Not Optimal Before the Pandemic. Now That They Are Front and Center, How Should They Be Used?
Schools and teachers can support student learning during the COVID-19 crisis by considering how to keep curricula front and center alongside a set of targeted digital materials that connect with curricula and can keep students learning, engaged, and connected to their school support systems. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 4, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Katie Tosh; Julia H. Kaufman Source Type: blogs

Don't Waste This Crisis: How America Can Begin Building a System of Health
COVID-19 is shining a harsh spotlight on long-recognized but under-addressed gaps in the U.S. health system. There may never have been a more pressing time to think differently, broadening from health care services to a health-producing System of Health. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - May 4, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Tim McDonald; Christopher Nelson; Laurie T. Martin; Anita Chandra Source Type: blogs