People Not the Tech Companies Will Ultimately Stop Disinformation in Europe
Authorities can continue to seek to punish the tech companies for the circulation of false articles. But this is unlikely to make a difference until more people take the time and acquire the skills to distinguish between fact and fiction. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - April 9, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Jennifer Kavanagh; Stijn Hoorens Source Type: blogs

To Protect Interests Abroad, China Will Feature a Diverse Array of Military, Non-Military Forces
As Beijing grapples with the realities of an economy increasingly susceptible to disruption from distant influences, experts debate how the Chinese military might protect overseas interests. Some have speculated that China may seek a military like that of the United States. Others have dismissed such a possibility. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - April 9, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Timothy R. Heath Source Type: blogs

Can Washington Successfully Prepare for the Future?
The impossibility of predicting the future does not remove the need to mull the uncertain. Today ’ s policymakers should build in windows of time to think imaginatively about the pursuit of America ’ s strategic objectives, and take a bird ’ s-eye view of the role the U.S. can and should play in shaping an increasingly complex, chaotic world. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - April 6, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Andrew R. Hoehn; Andrew Parasiliti; Ali Wyne Source Type: blogs

Preparing for U.S.-North Korea Talks: Insights from Researcher Bruce Bennett
Upon returning from his 114th trip to the Korean Peninsula, senior international/defense researcher Bruce Bennett offered his analysis of recent developments in North Korea and suggested strategies for putting pressure on Kim Jong-un at the negotiating table. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - April 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: blogs

Hit Russia Where It Hurts: Take Away World Cup
After a chemical attack in Great Britain, U.K., U.S. and other governments responded unilaterally. But this crime cries out for a more collective response. Revoking Russia's right to host the World Cup tournament would be a powerful signal of global outrage and would hit Putin where it hurts. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - April 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Andrew Scobell Source Type: blogs

China Welcomes Its Newest Armed Force: The Coast Guard
China's recent move to transfer responsibility for the China Coast Guard to the People's Armed Police will have major symbolic implications for China's presence in disputed waters. It can no longer claim its presence in the South China Sea is purely civilian in nature. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - April 4, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Lyle J. Morris Source Type: blogs

' Zero-sum' Approach to Defence and Security During Brexit Negotiations Risks a Less Secure UK and EU
It is in the interest of neither the UK nor the EU to have a'zero sum'approach to defense and security during Brexit negotiations. Both sides have plenty to lose if it turns into a'messy divorce.'(Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - April 4, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Alexandra Hall; James Black Source Type: blogs

Iran: The Nuclear Agreement Will Survive, at Least for Now
A United States unilateral withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal does not necessarily mean the deal will collapse. But a broader collapse of the agreement along with the imposition of harsh sanctions in the coming months could sharply escalate tensions with Iran. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - April 4, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Richard Charles Baffa Source Type: blogs

Moscow Is Going Too Far
Russia has become more daring with the West with its retaliatory expulsions and may face a high price. An angered West could turn from expulsions to economic countermeasures. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - April 3, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: William Courtney Source Type: blogs

Comparing Suicide Rates: Making an Apples to Apples Comparison
As the national suicide rate continues to rise, an increasing number of stakeholders are looking within their own communities and asking: “ Do we have a suicide problem? ” It's a difficult question to answer. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - April 2, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Rajeev Ramchand Source Type: blogs

China's Strengthening of Communist Party Rule Is Not Just a Power Grab
Strengthening the leadership role of the Communist Party and removing term limits for President Xi Jinping have raised fears about increasingly authoritarian Chinese politics. While repression may well increase, boosting the party ’ s influence also increases the chance of badly needed reforms concerning governance and the economy. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - April 2, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Timothy R. Heath Source Type: blogs

What's Turkey Trying to Achieve in Syria?
Turkish president Erdoğan is attempting to cement his political legitimacy among Syrian Sunnis by portraying himself as their savior. If the United States withdraws from Syria after the mission to defeat ISIS is complete, it will essentially be ceding the advantage to Erdoğan, who can continue pushing his agenda. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - April 2, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Ahmet S. Yayla; Colin P. Clarke Source Type: blogs

Hypersonic Missiles: A New Proliferation Challenge
Within ten years, hypersonic missiles are likely to be deployed and offered on the international market. For a limited number of years, there is time for action by states that do not want hypersonic missiles to flourish in their neighborhoods. It is time to move toward heading off this threat while it is still possible to do so. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 29, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Richard H. Speier Source Type: blogs

European Security Cooperation Should Remain Comprehensive — Especially After Brexit
During Brexit negotiations, it could be tempting for the UK and EU to use certain security structures as'bargaining chips'. However, it is in no one's interests for both sides to adopt a'zero-sum'approach to security discussions. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 28, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Sarah Grand-Clement Source Type: blogs

On RAND's Research Findings Regarding Transgender Military Personnel Policy
In September 2015, the Department of Defense asked RAND to initiate a study on the implications of allowing transgender personnel to serve openly. Since its publication, the research has been widely viewed as the most comprehensive and authoritative analysis on this topic. RAND stands by the study's research approach, analysis, and findings. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 27, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Agnes Gereben Schaefer Source Type: blogs

What Does Japan Think of the Iran Nuclear Deal?
What is Tokyo's view of the Iran nuclear deal and how has Tokyo responded to the U.S. threat to withdraw from it? What role is Japan, the world's third-largest economy, a major U.S. ally, and the only country ever to be attacked with nuclear weapons, likely to play in attempting to preserve, improve, or scrap the deal? (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Scott W. Harold Source Type: blogs

How Can the U.S. Do a Better Job of Keeping Kids Safe at School?
Many proposals to improve school safety promote the use of technology such as metal detectors and video cameras. As schools consider investing in technology, they should also consider school climates, and how engaged and welcomed students feel in their classrooms. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Rajeev Ramchand; Jessica Saunders; Heather L. Schwartz Source Type: blogs

Vietnam's Remarkable Month of Balancing Against China in the South China Sea
Vietnam in March very publicly engaged in a string of activities to strengthen deterrence against China in the South China Sea. But Hanoi's push to deepen external defense ties with states that can help its cause will not necessarily translate into greater risk-taking in the region. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Derek Grossman Source Type: blogs

Red Glare: The Origin and Implications of Russia's'New' Nuclear Weapons
Why would Russia, which has over 1,500 deployed strategic nuclear warheads that can be delivered from existing ballistic and cruise missiles, invest in new, exotic systems? The answer is deeply rooted in modern Russian and Soviet history. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 26, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Austin Long Source Type: blogs

The Season Finale of'This Is Us' Offers an Important Public Health Lesson
The TV series“This Is Us” shows how health is not only affected by individuals'decisions, but also by the larger contexts in which they live. These social determinants of health include income, quality of housing, and having access to health care. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Sarah MacCarthy Source Type: blogs

Online Voting: The Solution to Declining Political Engagement?
The potential benefits of online voting merits a conversation across Europe about its increased use in elections, but the evidence is mixed on whether online voting actually helps to increase voter turnout. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Katherine Stewart; Jirka Taylor Source Type: blogs

Truth Decay and the Spirit of the Law
The widening gap between how the law is expected to be (and generally is) practiced, and certain events transpiring in America's political and policymaking realms, is of increasing concern. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Dan Grunfeld Source Type: blogs

Putin Can Learn from Gorbachev on How to Gain from Future U.S. Talks
Vladimir Putin has won a flawed election to a fourth term as Russia's president, and Donald Trump has suggested the two will likely meet soon. For the Kremlin leader, however, a summit may draw shortcomings into sharper relief. If the two presidents meet, several key issues will await them. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 22, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: William Courtney Source Type: blogs

Can Dirty-Air Discontent in New Delhi Push India Toward Greener Days?
The dirty downside to India's dramatic economic growth is New Delhi's horrific off-the-charts air pollution, with public health officials comparing the harms of breathing in India's capital to smoking dozens of cigarettes a day. How bad must things get before Indians demand change and make it stick? (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 22, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Gulrez Shah Azhar Source Type: blogs

Tackling Gender-Based Violence Among Syrian Refugees in Lebanon
Increased poverty and major shifts in traditional gender roles for Syrian refugees have worsened interpersonal tensions, increased the risk of domestic violence, and caused challenges for aid workers. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 22, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Mahlet A. Woldetsadik Source Type: blogs

Putin Can Learn from Gorbachev on How to Gain from Future US Talks
Vladimir Putin has won a flawed election to a fourth term as Russia's president, and Donald Trump has suggested the two will likely meet soon. For the Kremlin leader, however, a summit may draw shortcomings into sharper relief. If the two presidents meet, several key issues will await them. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 22, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: William Courtney Source Type: blogs

Revising Japan's Peace Constitution: Much Ado About Nothing
Despite Abe ’ s legislative majority, it is unclear whether he has enough political capital to convince the public of the need for a constitutional revision on the Self-Defense Force. Japan ’ s security policies are heavily constrained by legal and normative constraints and Abe ’ s plan would likely do little more than codify the status quo. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 21, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Jeffrey W. Hornung Source Type: blogs

Fighting Obesity: Why Chile Should Continue Placing'Stop Signs' on Unhealthy Foods
By instituting its innovative food warning label policies, Chile has become a beacon of light to countries around the world. The new government would do well to consider why they should maintain these policies, which in the long run will benefit business and the country as a whole. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 19, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Deborah Cohen Source Type: blogs

Russian Nerve Agent from Skripal Attack a Deadly Game-Changer
The use of Novichok in last week's attack against Russian ex-spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia demands global condemnation and an insistence that Russia account for how the nerve agent came to be used at all, much less on foreign soil. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 19, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Daniel M. Gerstein Source Type: blogs

The Danger of Truth Decay Across Europe
“ Truth Decay, ” — the diminishing role of facts and analysis in public life — poses a threat to the health and future of democracy across European nations. With partial facts, disinformation, and incompatible versions of “ the truth ” all competing for attention, it is more and more important for Europeans to recognise this phenomenon. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 19, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Hans Pung Source Type: blogs

Putin's Boasting About Nuclear Weapons Won't Help Him in the Russian Election
In a March 1 address to the nation, Russian President Vladimir Putin evoked Soviet-era exaggeration, proclaiming barely feasible economic and social goals and boasting of nuclear arms that are unlikely to change the strategic balance. Continued exaggeration could sap public confidence in the legitimacy of Russia's ruling system and leaders. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 15, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: William Courtney; Miriam Matthews Source Type: blogs

Teens Are Driving Drowsy Every Day, and That's Dangerous
About 1 in 10 car crashes are due to drowsy driving, and young drivers between the ages of 16 and 24 account for more than half of them. Many parents unwittingly allow their teens to drive while tired on a daily basis. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 12, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Wendy M. Troxel Source Type: blogs

Location, Location, Location: Evaluating Risks to Submarines from Low-Yield Warhead and Submarine Missile Launch Detection
Experts can argue that a low-yield SLBM might not be worth deploying as it would put U.S. submarines at unacceptable risk. But the costs to adversaries to develop the capability to target U.S. submarines with nuclear weapons are substantial. In contrast, the costs to the United States are low, requiring only modification to an existing warhead. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 12, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Austin Long Source Type: blogs

Our Reliance on Space Tech Means We Should Prepare for the Worst
Space-enabled connectivity, technology, and services support a diverse array of political, military and economic activities, many of which modern life on Earth relies upon and which the public often takes for granted. How prepared is global society to deal with the growing reliance on this technology and to mitigate associated risks? (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 12, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: James Black Source Type: blogs

Teens Are Driving Drowsy Every Day and That's Dangerous
About 1 in 10 car crashes are due to drowsy driving, and young drivers between the ages of 16 and 24 account for more than half of them. Many parents unwittingly allow their teens to drive while tired on a daily basis. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 12, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Wendy M. Troxel Source Type: blogs

Can Europe Save the Iran Nuclear Deal?
In mid-January, President Trump threatened to withdraw from the Iran agreement if Europe does not “ fix ” it within four months. There are viable steps Europe could take to address Trump's concerns about the deal — on missile development, inspections, and sunset clauses. However, if the U.S. withdraws, Europe could still work with other international powers to keep the deal alive. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 12, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Dalia Dassa Kaye; James Dobbins Source Type: blogs

What Will Kim Jong Un Want and What He Might Give
Verifiable denuclearization is an impossible goal, not just because Kim Jong Un may not agree, but because such a deal couldn't be fully verified if he did. But this doesn't mean there is no deal worth making for America. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 12, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: James Dobbins Source Type: blogs

How to Bring Facts into the Gun Policy Debate
As debate continues to rage over the causes and prevention of gun violence, it's worth asking how science can help lawmakers and the public resolve longstanding disagreements that have stood in the way of solutions. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 9, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Andrew R. Morral Source Type: blogs

Gaza on the Brink
The combined risk of violence and pandemic in Gaza makes this small coastal enclave a ticking time bomb. While neither Israel nor the U.S. has the solutions to all of Gaza's water and health woes, the United States'decision to withhold funding to the U.N. Relief and Works Agency could only make things worse. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 9, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Shira Efron Source Type: blogs

Terrorism on Trial: The Problem of Prosecuting International Jihadists
The International Criminal Court may be the most ideal institution to try accused terrorists. The court would take into account the legal status of terrorists, the nationalities of their victims, and the location of the crimes — while upholding the core values of Western democracies. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 9, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Antonia Ward Source Type: blogs

Studying Soviets, Not Sex: Margaret Mead's Research at RAND
Anthropologist Margaret Mead studied Russian culture and attitudes toward authority while at RAND from 1948 to 1950. To accomplish what she called culture cracking, Mead looked to Russian emigres, books, journals, archives, and films since the Soviet Union was inaccessible. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 7, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: blogs

Book Review: Safe Passage: The Transition from British to American Hegemony
In Safe Passage: The Transition from British to American Hegemony Kori Schake discusses the world's peaceful transition from British Empire to United States preeminence. She also considers the implications of her analysis for the present dynamics between a preeminent United States and a resurgent China. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 7, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Ali Wyne Source Type: blogs

Open Science and a Culture of Health: You Two Should Talk
By working together, the Culture of Health and Open Science movements could increase their potential to accelerate the use of scientific evidence to address impediments to population health and collective well-being. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 7, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Sean Grant; Kathryn E. Bouskill Source Type: blogs

Could Putin's Speech Signal the Erosion of Nuclear Nonproliferation?
Russian President Vladimir Putin has linked the development of new nuclear weapons capabilities to the United States'refusal to collaborate on arms control. Perhaps before Russia goes down this path, another attempt at dialogue would be beneficial as both nations have expressed a shared interest in limiting nuclear proliferation. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 7, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Daniel M. Gerstein Source Type: blogs

Why Unretirement Is Working for Older Americans
Significant numbers of older Americans move in and out of the workforce. One in five workers today is 55 or older and by 2024, that number will be one in four. Older workers report having more meaningful work and more workplace flexibility than their younger peers. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 6, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: blogs

One Belt, One Road, One Ruler: China Term Limits Ban Imperils Progress
The abolition of presidential term limits in China represents a sea change in Communist Party politics and signals the consolidation of personalist rule by President Xi Jinping. Deviations from term limits are deleterious for good governance, political rights, and accountability. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 6, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Bill Gelfeld Source Type: blogs

A Brexit Do-Over?
European Union member states have a method for dealing with unsatisfactory referendums, called a do-over. A Brexit do-over would be complicated—all 27 other EU members would have to agree—but since Britain leaving is also disadvantageous for the rest of the EU, they have incentives to welcome back the prodigal. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 6, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: James Dobbins Source Type: blogs

Ready, Set, College
With at least $1 billion going toward developmental education, states and colleges have started to rethink their approaches to reform. But it may be too soon for states to put into place broad “ one size fits all ” policies. In the meantime, should states do nothing? (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Lindsay Daugherty Source Type: blogs

Getting Ready to Fight the Next (Cyber) War
Nation-states and their proxies are regularly spying and attacking in cyberspace across national borders. The U.S. and other Western societies that are being targeted should do three things: Be less vulnerable, be able to recognize and mitigate the impact of attacks faster, and be prepared to respond in kind to all levels of offense. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 3, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Isaac R. Porche III Source Type: blogs

Here's How a National Database Could Help Colleges Fight Sexual Assault
At a moment of heightened awareness around sexual violence, America's colleges and universities have an opportunity to lead by example, through a commitment to full transparency about campus sexual assaults and openness to learning from each other's failures and successes. (Source: The RAND Blog)
Source: The RAND Blog - March 2, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Coreen Farris; Kristie Gore Source Type: blogs