Adaptation following errors: Error awareness predicts future performance

Mem Cognit. 2021 Oct 14. doi: 10.3758/s13421-021-01246-2. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe ability to detect an error in performance is critical to ongoing and future goal-directed behaviour. Diminished awareness of errors has been associated with a loss of insight and poor functional recovery in several clinical disorders (e.g., attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, addiction, schizophrenia). Despite the clear imperative to understand and remediate such deficits, error awareness and its instantiation in corrective behaviour remains to be fully elucidated. The present study investigated the relationship between error awareness and future performance in order to determine whether conscious recognition of errors facilitates adaptive behaviour. Fifty-one healthy participants completed a motor Go/No-Go error awareness task that afforded the opportunity to learn from errors. A mixed-effects model was specified wherein awareness of an error was used to predict inhibitory performance on the following No-Go trial. The model revealed a significant predictive effect of error awareness on future performance, such that aware errors were more frequently followed by correct inhibitory performance. Notably, improvement in performance accuracy was not due to a temporary increase in conservatism of responding, but appeared to be a context-specific adaptation. These results highlight the adaptive role of error awareness and the relationship between error awareness and learning from errors...
Source: Memory and Cognition - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusions: these findings underline on one side the beneficial effects of physical activity on cognitive function in healthy individuals in a preventive and curative key, while on the other side the importance of an adequate evaluation of psychological distress and personality characteristics associated with exercise addiction.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Modafinil is used for the treatment of narcolepsy and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, and as add-on therapy for psychiatric diseases such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, schizophrenia, depression, cocaine addiction. The exact mechanism of action is unknown. Modafinil may be helpful for the treatment of erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation. The addition of modafinil to antidepressant treatment may provide positive effects on sexual dysfunction. However, side effects such as hypersexuality and unwanted orgasm have been reported with modafinil treatment. In this article, a patient who had developed sp...
Source: Clinical Neuropharmacology - Category: Neurology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: Clinical Psychology Review - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Clin Psychol Rev Source Type: research
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Source: Current Environmental Health Reports - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: featured health and fitness self improvement nootropics pickthebrain Source Type: blogs
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Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Opioids addictive binge eating bulimia eating disorders Gliadin opiates wheat belly Source Type: blogs
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