Multivariate Analysis in Microbiome Description: Correlation of Human Gut Protein Degraders, Metabolites, and Predicted Metabolic Functions

Protein catabolism by intestinal bacteria is infamous for releasing many harmful compounds, negatively affecting the health status, both locally and systemically. In a previous study, we enriched in protein degraders the fecal microbiota of five subjects, utilizing a medium containing protein and peptides as sole fermentable substrates and we monitored their evolution by 16S rRNA gene profiling. In the present study, we fused the microbiome data and the data obtained by the analysis of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the headspace of the cultures. Then, we utilized ANOVA simultaneous component analysis (ASCA) to establish a relationship between metabolites and bacteria. In particular, ASCA allowed to separately assess the effect of subject, time, inoculum concentration, and their binary interactions on both microbiome and volatilome data. All the ASCA submodels pointed out a consistent association between indole and Escherichia–Shigella, and the relationship of butyric, 3-methyl butanoic, and benzenepropanoic acids with some bacterial taxa that were major determinants of cultures at 6 h, such as Lachnoclostridiaceae (Lachnoclostridium), Clostridiaceae (Clostridium sensu stricto), and Sutterellaceae (Sutterella and Parasutterella). The metagenome reconstruction with PICRUSt2 and its functional annotation indicated that enrichment in a protein-based medium affected the richness and diversity of functional profiles, in the face of a decrease of richness and evenne...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Related Links:

In this study, twenty piglets were assigned into two groups and fed commercial diets with or without lincomycin in the first week for a 28-day trial period. Results showed that 1-week lincomycin exposure (LE) did reduce the body weight on day 14 (p = 0.0450) and 28 (p = 0.0362). The alpha-diversity notably reduced after 1-week LE, and then gradually raised and reached the control group level in the second week on cessation of LE, indicated by the variation of Sobs, Chao, Shannon, and ACE index (p 3 or p
Source: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, an innovative gene detection platform based on label-free DNA sequences was developed to detect Shigella dysenteriae in human plasma samples. The porous and honeycomb-like structure of biochar (BC) was first synthesized through a pyrolysis process. Then, the produced biochar was effectively decorated with flower-like MoS2 nanosheets (MoS2/BC). The resulting nanocomposite was incorporated with Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) by applying chronoamperometry technique, and then the subsequent product including MoS2 nanosheets, biochar and AuNPs were immobilized on the Au electrode surface and used for modifier agent in ...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2021 Oct 5;2021:7270250. doi: 10.1155/2021/7270250. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTMicrobial etiology of diarrhea is a significant cause of death, especially in children in developing countries. The presence of microbes that are resistant to current treatment options for diarrhea suggests the need to find newer antimicrobial agents for treatment. Therefore, this study focused on investigating the antimicrobial effect of some Ghanaian chewing sticks commonly used for oral hygiene, Azadirachta indica, Garcinia afzelii, and Garcinia kola, against selected diarrhea-causing organisms. From the stem...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, an innovative gene detection platform based on label-free DNA sequences was developed to detect Shigella dysenteriae in human plasma samples. The porous and honeycomb-like structure of biochar (BC) was first synthesized through a pyrolysis process. Then, the produced biochar was effectively decorated with flower-like MoS2 nanosheets (MoS2/BC). The resulting nanocomposite was incorporated with Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) by applying chronoamperometry technique, and then the subsequent product including MoS2 nanosheets, biochar and AuNPs were immobilized on the Au electrode surface and used for modifier agent in ...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2021 Oct 5;2021:7270250. doi: 10.1155/2021/7270250. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTMicrobial etiology of diarrhea is a significant cause of death, especially in children in developing countries. The presence of microbes that are resistant to current treatment options for diarrhea suggests the need to find newer antimicrobial agents for treatment. Therefore, this study focused on investigating the antimicrobial effect of some Ghanaian chewing sticks commonly used for oral hygiene, Azadirachta indica, Garcinia afzelii, and Garcinia kola, against selected diarrhea-causing organisms. From the stem...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, an innovative gene detection platform based on label-free DNA sequences was developed to detect Shigella dysenteriae in human plasma samples. The porous and honeycomb-like structure of biochar (BC) was first synthesized through a pyrolysis process. Then, the produced biochar was effectively decorated with flower-like MoS2 nanosheets (MoS2/BC). The resulting nanocomposite was incorporated with Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) by applying chronoamperometry technique, and then the subsequent product including MoS2 nanosheets, biochar and AuNPs were immobilized on the Au electrode surface and used for modifier agent in ...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the effects of LA on the intestinal barrier, immune functions, serum metabolism, and gut microbiota of broilers under lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. A total of 384 one-day-old broilers were randomly divided into four groups, and fed with a basal diet, or a basal diet supplemented with 75 mg/kg antibiotic (ANT), or a basal diet supplemented with 1000 mg/kg LA. After 42 days of feeding, three groups were intraperitoneally injected with 0.5 mg/kg Escherichia coli- derived LPS (LPS, ANT+LPS and LA+LPS groups) for three consecutive days, and the control (CON) group was injected with the same...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Shigella is the second leading cause of diarrheal diseases, accounting for>200,000 infections and>50,000 deaths in children under 5 years of age annually worldwide. The incidence of Shigella-induced diarrhea is relatively low during the first year of life and increases substantially, reaching its peak between 11 to 24 months of age. This epidemiological trend hints at an early protective immunity of maternal origin and an increase in disease incidence when maternally acquired immunity wanes. The magnitude, type, antigenic diversity, and antimicrobial activity of maternal antibodies transferred via placenta that can p...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Cell Host Microbe. 2021 Oct 13;29(10):1473-1476. doi: 10.1016/j.chom.2021.09.012.ABSTRACTShigella is a highly infectious human pathogen, yet mice are naturally resistant to infection. In this issue of Cell Host &Microbe, Luchetti et al. (2021) discuss this species specificity, demonstrating that Shigella directly targets the pore-forming protein Gasdermin D for degradation, thus preventing pyroptosis to enable infection of human cells.PMID:34648738 | DOI:10.1016/j.chom.2021.09.012
Source: Cell Host and Microbe - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we compared the therapeutic effects of antibiotics, probiotics, and Chinese medicine QRD on the survival rates of septic model and observed the GM characteristics of experimental rats via 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. The 72 h survival rates of septic rat demonstrated the significant therapeutic effects in the three groups treated with antibiotics (AT), Chinses medicine QRD (QT), and probiotics (PT), which were elevated from the survival rate of 26.67% for the sepsis control group (ST) to 100.0% for AT, 88.24% for QT, and 58.33% for PT. The original characteristics of GM identified in the sham oper...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
More News: Dysentery | Gastroenteritis | Genetics | Microbiology | Organic | Study