Sudden onset hearing loss as initial presentation of Susac syndrome: a rare case report and brief review
In this study, we aimed to raise awareness of Susac syndrome among physicians and facilitate recognition of its manifestation, especially in those patients presenting with hearing loss alone. Identifying Susac syndrome that presents as sudden sensorineural hearing loss can be challenging but a number of case reviews have been reported in recent years and treatment guidelines are available.
Exp Ther Med. 2021 Nov;22(5):1277. doi: 10.3892/etm.2021.10712. Epub 2021 Sep 8.ABSTRACTRetinal vasculitis is a complication associated with a local condition or it can be a retinal expression of a systemic inflammatory disorder, which initially may go unnoticed. Drug-associated vasculitis is frequently difficult to identify, because many patients follow treatments with more than one drug and the route of administration varies. A 35-year-old female patient presented with sudden hearing loss, headache and blurred vision that had started two weeks earlier and had become progressively worse. Ophthalmological examination revea...
ConclusionDiagnosis of XHP is difficult when relying on clinical symptoms and imaging features. Therefore, surgical histopathology is necessary. Based on the available evidence, total lesion resection is recommended for treatment. However, the long-term prognosis for this rare disease remains unclear.
DISCUSSION: LPH is a rare disease caused by various factors and is treated by correcting liquorrhea or overdrainage, if any. Otherwise, drainage at a negative CSF pressure is necessary. Its symptoms and image findings are similar to those of intracranial hypertension and normal-pressure hydrocephalus. This paper reports a suspected LPH case caused by spinal drainage following subarachnoid hemorrhage with literature review.PMID:34526456 | DOI:10.1272/jnms.JNMS.2022_89-209