Strategy to reduce radiation exposure in postoperative spinal computed tomography scans

CONCLUSION: When assessing postoperative status, CT scans should be directed only through the area of specific interest to limit the total dose of radiation received by the patient.PMID:33948329 | PMC:PMC8088488 | DOI:10.25259/SNI_289_2020
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: From the critical discussion and an outline for prospective directions, this survey provide researchers valuable information to master the deep learning concepts and to deepen their knowledge of the trend and latest techniques in developing CAD schemes of lung CT images. PMID: 32568165 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology - Category: Radiology Tags: J Xray Sci Technol Source Type: research
Medical imaging saves millions of lives each year, helping doctors detect and diagnose a wide range of diseases, from cancer and appendicitis to stroke and heart disease. Because non-invasive early disease detection saves so many lives, scientific investment continues to increase. Artifical intelligence (AI) has the potential to revolutionize the medical imaging industry by sifting through mountains of scans quickly and offering providers and patients with life-changing insights into a variety of diseases, injuries, and conditions that may be hard to detect without the supplemental technology. Images are the largest source...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Imaging Source Type: news
Like everyone, I assume I’ll live forever. Although I often wonder whether anyone would come to my funeral and who would wear black, it never actually occurrs to me that there is an endpoint. It’s almost as if I would come along too to watch proceedings running smoothly and along the lines I wanted. Death was something I thought about, but in a rather abstract, offhand sort of way. It happened, of course I knew I would die at some point, but that point was somewhere out there … way off from here, where I am now. And then I hit a brick wall. The wall consisted of a tiny little bit of blood coughed up in s...
Source: The Hysterectomy Association - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Emotional Health Happiness Thought for the day Women's Health my story Source Type: news
Treatments for prostate cancer are always evolving, and now research is pointing to new ways of treating a cancer that has just begun to spread, or metastasize, after initial surgery or radiation. Doctors usually give hormonal therapies in these cases to block testosterone, which is a hormone that makes the cancer grow faster. But newer evidence shows that treating the metastatic tumors directly with radiation can produce better results. In March, researchers published the latest study that supports this approach. Based at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, the team used a method for delivering power...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Living With Prostate Cancer Prostate Knowledge Treatments HPK Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: The prediction model that incorporates the radiomics signature and clinical risk factors has potential to facilitate the individualized prediction of PD-L1 expression in NSCLC patients and identify patients who can benefit from anti-PD-L1 immunotherapy. PMID: 32176676 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology - Category: Radiology Tags: J Xray Sci Technol Source Type: research
Abstract Pharmacotherapy and imaging are two critical facets of cancer therapy. Carbon nanotubes and their modified species such as magnetic or gold nanoparticle conjugated ones they have been introduced as good candidates for both purposes. Gold nanoparticles enhance effects of X-rays during radiotherapy. Nanomaterial-mediated radiofrequency (RF) hyperthermia refers to using RF to heat tumors treated with nanomaterials for cancer therapy. The combination of hyperthermia and radiotherapy, synergistically, causes a significant reduction in X-ray doses. The present study was conducted to investigate the ability and ...
Source: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Appl Biochem Biotechnol Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study showed that a substantial number of patients with partially stable and unstable pelvic ring fractures have an increased cancer risk due to trauma-related medical imaging. Physicians should be aware of the amount of radiation their patients are exposed to, and minimize imaging related increase of cancer risks during initial assessment, treatment and follow-up.
Source: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a spinal deformity that can affect young children. It requires frequent exposure to X-rays to monitor the deformity, which can lead to the development of radiation-induced cancer later in life. The aim of this study is to test the accuracy of using scan projection radiography (SPR) in computed tomography (CT) scans for AIS assessment. This scanning mode delivers low radiation compared with conventional radiography.
Source: Radiography - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Pocket-size ultrasound devices that cost 50 times less than the machines in hospitals (and connect to your phone). Virtual reality that speeds healing in rehab. Artificial intelligence that’s better than medical experts at spotting lung tumors. These are just some of the innovations now transforming medicine at a remarkable pace. No one can predict the future, but it can at least be glimpsed in the dozen inventions and concepts below. Like the people behind them, they stand at the vanguard of health care. Neither exhaustive nor exclusive, the list is, rather, representative of the recasting of public health and medic...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized HealthSummit19 technology Source Type: news
Smoke-measuring smart shirts, breath sound analyzing algorithms, and smart inhalers pave the way of pulmonology and respiratory care into the future. As the number of patients suffering from asthma, COPD, or lung cancer due to rising air pollution and steady smoker-levels will unfortunately not decrease any time soon, we looked around what technology can do to help both patients and caregivers. The results are breathtaking. Attacks of breathlessness are too common The diseases which pulmonologists and respiratory care specialists attempt to fight are among the most common conditions in the modern world – and t...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Future of Medicine Health Sensors & Trackers AI asthma cancer cancer treatment care COPD diagnostics inhaler lung lung cancer management medical specialty pulmonology respiratory respiratory care Source Type: blogs
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