The psychology of Facebook, digested

This study from 2010 (not specifically focused on FB) found that using the internet to connect with existing friends was associated with less loneliness, but using it to connect with strangers (i.e. people only known online) was associated with more loneliness. This survey of adults with autism found that greater use of online social networking (including FB) was associated with having more close friendships, but only offline relationships were linked with feeling less lonely.Facebook could also be fuelling envy. In 2012 researchers found that people who'd spent more time on FB felt that other people were happier, and that life was less fair. Similarly, a study of hundreds of undergrads found that more time on FB went hand in hand with more feelings of jealousy. And a paper from last year concluded that "people feel depressed after spending a great deal of time on Facebook because they feel badly when comparing themselves to others." However, this new report (on general online social networking, not just FB) found that heavy users are not more stressed than average, but are more aware of other people's stress.Is Facebook harming students' academic work?This is another live issue among newspaper columnists and other social commentators. An analysis of the grades and FB use of nearly 4000 US students found that the more they used the network to socialise, the poorer their grades tended to be (of course, there could be a separate causal factor(s) underlying this associ...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatrists and Psychologists Authors: Source Type: blogs

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ConclusionThus our results showed that higher IL-37 was associated with increased insulin sensitive in elderly type 2 DM patients through suppressing the gut microbiota dysbiosis.
Source: Molecular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Xinyu Fang, Yan Chen, Yewei Wang, Juanjuan Ren, Chen ZhangAbstractObjectivesDepressive symptoms are commonly seen in schizophrenia. Increasing evidence implicates that both SIRT1 and BDNF closely related to the development of depression. So we here aimed to explore the effect of BDNF and SIRT1 on the depressive symptoms, and also explore the hazard factors for the depression in schizophrenia.MethodsA group of 203 participants (case/controls, 174/29) was recruited in the present work. Significant d...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionReassurance seeking appears to be a common factor across anxiety disorders though the themes of the reassurance may differ. Further, reduction in excessive reassurance seeking may be an important component in treatment outcome.
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 June 2019Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Nastaran Rahimi, Mahsa Hassanipour, Fatemeh Yarmohammadi, Hedyeh Faghir-Ghanesefat, Nastaran Pourshadi, Erfan Bahramnejad, Ahmadreza DehpourAbstractThe neuro-protective effects of rubidium and lithium as alkali metals have been reported for different central nervous system dysfunctions including mania and depression. The aim of this study was evaluating as well as comparing the effects of rubidium chloride (RbCl) and lithium chloride (LiCl) on different seizures paradigms in mice and determining the involvement of NMDA receptors and nitre...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
In this study, we used operant self-administration and yohimbine-induced reinstatement models to examine relapse-like behavior in P rats. Our previous work has demonstrated that P rats show increased expression of the neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R) in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA), and this functionally contributes to escalated alcohol consumption in this strain. We hypothesized that P rats would show increased sensitivity to yohimbine-induced reinstatement that is also mediated by NK1R in the CeA. Using Fos staining, site-specific infusion of NK1R antagonist, and viral vector overexpression, we examined the infl...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on Fridayapproved Vyleesi (bremelanotide) to treat premenopausal women for acquired, generalized hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD). HSDD (classified as female sexual interest/arousal disorder inDSM-5) is characterized by low sexual desire that causes distress and cannot be explained by a comorbid physical or psychiatric illness, the side effects of substance use or medications, or severe relationship problems. Acquired HSDD means a woman has previously experienced sexual desire (it has not been a lifelong problem).“There are women who, for no known reason, have reduced se...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: blood pressure female sexual interest/arousal disorder hypoactive sexual desire disorder naltrexone premenopausal women sexual dysfunction Vyleesi Source Type: research
Mental health and well - being of older adults should be addressed in these settings, authors say
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Family Medicine, Geriatrics, Internal Medicine, Nursing, Psychiatry, Journal, Source Type: news
Oral semaglutide, the investigational first oral GLP-1 receptor agonist, could expand currently suboptimal treatment options for patients with type 2 diabetes and moderate renal impairment.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Transplantation Headlines - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 22 June 2019Source: Sensors and Actuators B: ChemicalAuthor(s): Rocio Thea, Diego Onna, Mark P. Kreuzer, Mariana HamerAbstractOne of the main confirmatory metabolites of diabetes mellitus is known as glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), a hemoglobin modified with cis-diol sugars. This work presents an optical detection of this metabolite via the preparation and characterization of glass surfaces coated with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and subsequently modified with boronic acid to enhance specificity. Through the localized surface plasmon resonance intrinsic to the AuNPs an absorbance enhancem...
Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
In this study, 48 herbal based products (41 for the pediatric population) were analyzed for the presence of ethanol and residual solvents. Ethanol was not detected in only 12% of the products designed for infants or toddlers aged under 2, and not quantified in only 5 of 14 ‘alcohol free’ products. Actual content was higher than labeled in six out of 11 samples with specified ethanol quantity. WHO proposed requirement for ethanol content in products intended for use in children under the age of 6 (
Source: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
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