Randomized, placebo-controlled trial of xyloglucan and gelose for the treatment of acute diarrhea in children.

CONCLUSIONS: Xyloglucan/gelose plus ORS was effective and safe in treating acute diarrhea in children. PMID: 33028102 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research

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Abstract The pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by a newly identified β-coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has emerged as a dire health problem, causing a massive crisis for global health. Primary method of transmission was firstly thought to be animal to human transmission. However, it has been observed that the virus is transmitted from human to human via respiratory droplets. Interestingly, SARS-CoV-2 ribonucleic acid (RNA) has been isolated from patient stools, suggesting a possible gastrointestinal (GI) involvement. Most commonly reported clinical manifestations are fever, fatigue and dry coug...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusion: This case study suggests that diarrhea not explained by common causes, such as acute gastroenteritis, could be a preliminary symptom of SARS-CoV-2 infection in children. Despite the lack of the presence of a fever or cough, lung pulmonary lesions were present in this child. SARS-CoV-2 infection may also cause hepatic injury. Even during the SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia recovery period, IgM and IgG antibodies can be positive for a long time.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
HORSHAM, PA, July 14, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved TREMFYA® (guselkumab) for adult patients with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA), a chronic progressive disease characterized by painful joints and skin inflammation.[1],[2] TREMFYA is the first treatment approved for active PsA that selectively inhibits interleukin (IL)-23, a naturally occurring cytokine that is involved in normal inflammatory and immune responses associated with the symptoms of PsA. The safety and efficacy of TREMFYA in PsA have be...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
Abstract Since December 2019, the global pandemic caused by the highly infectious novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV (COVID-19) has been rapidly spreading. As of April 2020, the outbreak has spread to over 210 countries, with over 2,400,000 confirmed cases and over 170,000 deaths.1 COVID-19 causes a severe pneumonia characterized by fever, cough and shortness of breath. Similar coronavirus outbreaks have occurred in the past causing severe pneumonia like COVID-19, most recently, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). However, over time, SARS-C...
Source: The American Journal of the Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Med Sci Source Type: research
Abstract The Grand Magal of Touba (GMT) is an annual 1-day Muslim religious event that takes place in Touba in Senegal. The city of Touba swells from 800,000 to four million people during the GMT. All patients who attended one of the 154 dedicated medical care public healthcare structures of the medical region of Diourbel during the GMT were included in a cross-sectional survey from November 16 to November 21, 2016. Demographic, morbidity, and mortality data were collected on a daily basis using a standardized article form that allows data to be recorded in a free-text format. Data were obtained from a total of 20...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
SOUTHBOROUGH, Mass..—Nov. 20, 2019—The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported on a call with doctors this week that the United States is seeing more cases of the flu than is typical for this time of year, with30 states already seeing flu activity—including Massachusetts. According to experts, when influenza is off to an early start, it can sometimes mean a more severe flu season.While theCDC recommends a yearly flu vaccine as the first and most crucial step in protecting against influenza and its potentially serious complications, it ’s also important to take everyday prevent...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - Category: Dentistry Source Type: news
​BY WESTLEY REINHART MCMILLAN, DOA 34-year-old woman with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus presented to the emergency department with achy abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea for two days. She also reported decreased appetite, chills, and a productive cough. She was compliant with her diabetes medications, insulin, Jardiance, and Janumet.The patient was afebrile with a heart rate of 133 bpm and a blood pressure of 129/88 mm Hg. She had dry mucous membranes, and her abdomen was mildly tender in the epigastrum and upper quadrants but otherwise soft and not distended. Fingerstick glucose was 213 mg/dL. (Fig. 1.)Fig....
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 January 2019Source: The Lancet Respiratory MedicineAuthor(s): John J McNamara, Susanna A McColley, Gautham Marigowda, Fang Liu, Simon Tian, Caroline A Owen, David Stiles, Chonghua Li, David Waltz, Linda T Wang, Gregory S SawickiSummaryBackgroundThe efficacy, safety, and tolerability of lumacaftor and ivacaftor are established in patients aged 6 years and older with cystic fibrosis, homozygous for the F508del-CFTR mutation. We assessed the safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and efficacy of lumacaftor and ivacaftor in children aged 2–5 years.MethodsIn this multicentre, pha...
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Discussion Gastrostomy tubes (GT or GTubes) have been used to support patients for about a century. They are placed between the abdominal skin and the stomach either percutaneously or surgically. The tubes can be a standard long tube with either a bumper or inflatable balloon internally and externally they have a retention piece to hold the GT in place. A button or low profile tube are similar but extend just beyond the skin. Reasons for GT placement include: Nutritional support Hydration maintenance Medication management Aspiration avoidance Gastric stasis decompression Obstruction bypass Quality of life improvement for...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Rationale: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is an important treatment for hematological malignancies. Common complications are opportunistic infections and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is one of the most common causes of opportunistic infections. Patient concerns: A 30-year-old male was diagnosed with T-cell lymphoma after persistent cough and lymphadenopathy. Fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea, rash, and dyspnea occurred after HSCT. Diagnosis: The young man developed severe CMV infection with CMV detected in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and gastrointestinal...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
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