Developmental pathways from childhood ADHD to adolescent depression: insights from the ALSPAC study

Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Conclusions: By this SEM pathway analysis, there is the correlation between the disruptive, more aggressive subtype of ADHD in children/adolescents and the existence of psychopathological symptomatology of their parents. ADHD + ODD + aggression in children should be classified as an irritable subtype of ADHD, warranting early diagnosis and intensive treatment.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Encephale. 2021 Sep 2:S0013-7006(21)00171-8. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2021.08.002. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe use of psychotropics during the COVID-19 pandemic has raised two questions, in order of importance: first, what changes should be made to pharmacological treatments prescribed to mental health patients? Secondly, are there any positive side effects of these substances against SARS-CoV-2? Our aim was to analyze usage safety of psychotropics during COVID-19; therefore, herein, we have studied: (i) the risk of symptomatic complications of COVID-19 associated with the use of these drugs, notably central nervous syst...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
A new beginning that looks an awful lot like the old one.When I set out to explore fractal art, I face a confusing array of controls&parameters. It has taken me years to develop the eye to select the best cropping, the most flattering palette, and the most interesting settings, then present them in a pleasing manner. Without this discipline, the fractal is an utter mess with no focus. By making a few poorly chosen decisions, the same mathematical location and the same color palette can appear completely different —and far less appealing.Of course, anybody with the time and desire to learn the software can produce...
Source: The Splintered Mind by Douglas Cootey - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ADHD Depression Family Goodreads Journaling Visualizing Writing Source Type: blogs
Introduction: Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among adolescents. Although it is known that both perfectionism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (‘ADHD’) are important risk factors for suicide, there are no studies that have investigated the relationship between suicidal behavior and perfectionism among people with ADHD.Aim: The current study investigates the association between perfectionism and suicide in adolescents with ADHD.Method: Subjects included 88 adolescents with ADHD and 96 non-clinical control adolescents. We used the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale to evaluate perfecti...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
World Psychiatry. 2021 Oct;20(3):417-436. doi: 10.1002/wps.20894.ABSTRACTDecades of research have revealed numerous risk factors for mental disorders beyond genetics, but their consistency and magnitude remain uncer-tain. We conducted a "meta-umbrella" systematic synthesis of umbrella reviews, which are systematic reviews of meta-analyses of individual studies, by searching international databases from inception to January 1, 2021. We included umbrella reviews on non-purely genetic risk or protective factors for any ICD/DSM mental disorders, applying an established classification of the credibility of the evidenc...
Source: World Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
-Fang Yen This cross-sectional study investigated the mediating effects of emotional problems including depression, anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms on the association between bullying victimization and quality of life (QoL) among adolescents with ADHD in Taiwan. A total of 171 adolescents diagnosed as having ADHD participated in this study. Adolescents completed the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire, the Taiwanese Quality of Life Questionnaire for Adolescents, the Taiwanese version of the Children’s Depression Inventory and the Mult...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Irritability in preschool-aged children may point to youth at risk of developing psychiatric disorders in adolescence, according to astudy in theJournal of the American Academy of Child&Adolescent Psychiatry.“[O]ur findings underscore the clinical significance and predictive validity of early childhood irritability,” wrote Leah K. Sorcher and Lea Dougherty, Ph.D., of the University of Maryland and colleagues. “Preschool irritability predicted internalizing and externalizing disorders in adolescenc e, parent-reported anxiety and depressive symptoms [in the youth], and greater functional impairment, eve...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ADHD adolescents anxiety depression functional impairment irritability preschool-aged children psychiatric disorders suicide youth Source Type: research
Conclusions: Closer examination of specific symptoms with attention to patients' current levels of anxiety and depression symptoms may better inform medical and athletic staff to anticipate and address symptoms that may present greater challenges for adolescent girls than boys.
Source: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Among patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), 65–85% manifest another psychiatric disorder concomitantly or at some other time point during their life. OCD is highly heritable, as are many of its comorbidities. A possible genetic heterogeneity of OCD in relation to its comorbid conditions, however, has not yet been exhaustively explored. We used a framework of different approaches to study the genetic relationship of OCD with three commonly observed comorbidities, namely major depressive disorder (MDD), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). First, using public...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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