Crosstalk Between Mesenchymal Stromal Cells and Tumor-Associated Macrophages in Gastric Cancer

Tumor microenvironment (TME) consisting of distinct cell types including stromal cells and immune cells has recently emerged as a pivotal player in tumor development and progression. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are two representative cells in the TME with plastic properties. This review will focus on the evolution of phenotypes and functions of either MSCs or TAMs, which is “educated” by the TME, as well as interactions between MSCs and TAMs contributing to the distinct stages of tumor biology in gastric cancer. MSCs exert immunoregulatory effects on macrophages and polarize them toward M2-like TAMs, via cell–cell contact and paracrine or extracellular vesicle (EV) transfer mechanism. In turn, M2-TAMs modulate the transition of “naive” MSCs into tumor-derived MSCs, which possess a more potent pro-tumor role than the parent. Moreover, the cross talk between MSCs and TAMs could contribute to cancer biology by inducing the EMT process, metastasis, immune invasion, and immunotherapy resistance in cancer cells. However, molecular mechanisms underlying interactions between MSCs and TAMs in gastric cancer progression need to be thoroughly elucidated, which may provide attractive targets for making promising novel strategies for gastric cancer therapy.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Source: Cellular and Molecular Immunology - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Immunol Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
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CONCLUSIONS: Expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 in gastric cancer lymph nodes was demonstrated for the first time. PD-1 is expressed in positive and negative nodes, which could activate the PD-1 pathway. Lymphocytes from tumor-free lymph nodes were negative for PD-L1, and this might represent an advantage for selecting these lymph nodes as a potential source of immune cells for adoptive immunotherapy. PMID: 32477462 [PubMed]
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
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Source: Clinical Research in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Nanobiotechnology - Category: Nanotechnology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
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Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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