Paraganglioma of the Vagina Associated With Germline SDHB Mutation: Report of a Case With Review of the Literature

We report a case of vaginal paraganglioma in a 15-yr-old adolescent girl who presented with irregular heavy menses and anemic symptoms. Examination under anesthesia revealed a polypoid mass of 3 cm size in the left anterior vaginal wall, which was resected piecemeal. Histology showed a circumscribed nodular tumor with typical nested morphology of paraganglioma and no significant nuclear atypia. Immunohistochemically the tumor cells were diffusely positive for synaptophysin and chromogranin while being negative for cytokeratin, accompanied by S100-positive sustentacular cells. SDHB immunohistochemistry demonstrated the absence of cytoplasmic staining in the tumor cells with preserved staining in sustentacular cells, raising the possibility of a germline mutation in the genes encoding subunits of succinate dehydrogenase. Sanger sequencing for all the exons and exon-flanking intronic regions of the SDHB gene revealed no mutation, but further investigation with multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification identified a heterozygous deletion of exon 1 of the SDHB gene in the patient and her mother, confirming the diagnosis of SDHB-related hereditary paraganglioma-pheochromocytoma syndrome. The patient had no evidence of disease upon imaging surveillance and follow-up for 56 mo. A review of the published cases of vaginal paraganglioma seems to suggest a relatively young age of presentation, commonly encountered as incidental findings in asymptomatic patients or pre...
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: PATHOLOGY OF THE LOWER TRACT: CASE REPORTS Source Type: research

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Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research
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Source: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
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