Clinical characteristics and outcomes in elderly patients undergoing transsphenoidal surgery for nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma.

Clinical characteristics and outcomes in elderly patients undergoing transsphenoidal surgery for nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E19 Authors: Pereira MP, Oh T, Joshi RS, Haddad AF, Pereira KM, Osorio RC, Donohue KC, Peeran Z, Sudhir S, Jain S, Beniwal A, Gurrola J, El-Sayed IH, Blevins LS, Theodosopoulos PV, Kunwar S, Aghi MK Abstract OBJECTIVE: Life expectancy has increased over the past century, causing a shift in the demographic distribution toward older age groups. Elderly patients comprise up to 14% of all patients with pituitary tumors, with most lesions being nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs). Here, the authors evaluated demographics, outcomes, and postoperative complications between nonelderly adult and elderly NFPA patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of 908 patients undergoing transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) for NFPA at a single institution from 2007 to 2019 was conducted. Clinical and surgical outcomes and postoperative complications were compared between nonelderly adult (age ≥ 18 and ≤ 65 years) and elderly patients (age> 65 years). RESULTS: There were 614 and 294 patients in the nonelderly and elderly groups, respectively. Both groups were similar in sex (57.3% vs 60.5% males; p = 0.4), tumor size (2.56 vs 2.46 cm; p = 0.2), and cavernous sinus invasion (35.8% vs 33.7%; p = 0.6). Regarding postoperative outcomes, length of stay (1 vs 2 days; p = 0.5), extent of resection (59.8%...
Source: Neurosurgical Focus - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurosurg Focus Source Type: research

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ConclusionsOur steroid sparing protocol was both safe and effective. The 15% incidence of protocol deviations is a reminder that the rigorous usage of checklists is mandatory for successful clinical practice.
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Jeffrey Nadel, William T CouldwellNeurology India 2020 68(7):101-105 Patients with pituitary masses who undergo transsphenoidal resection are at risk for a number of medical complications postoperatively. Among these are disturbances in fluid and sodium homeostasis, including diabetes insipidus (DI) and syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). It is believed that these pathologic states are a result of damage to the hypothalamic–pituitary axis from surgery, as are the downstream consequences, such as the triple phase response. The triple-phase response describes the pattern of initial acu...
Source: Neurology India - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in adult hypopituitary patients.Patients and methodsRetrospective, cross-sectional analysis of a cohort of hypopituitary adult patients followed in a single reference center for pituitary diseases. MetS was defined by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) criteria. Patients with 18 years or older, presenting two or more anterior pituitary deficiencies associated or not with diabetes insipidus (DI), were included, while patients with hypopituitarism due to Acromegaly or Cushing ’s dis...
Source: Pituitary - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractTo quantitatively synthesize the comparative efficacy and safety of the most common surgical approaches including endonasal transsphenoidal endoscopic surgery (ETES), sublabial transsphenoidal microsurgery (STMS) and endonasal transsphenoidal microsurgery (ETMS) for all kinds of pituitary tumors. This systematic review and network meta-analysis was performed on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and comparison studies from databases of Pubmed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane library. We selected the rate of gross complete resection as our primary outcome of efficacy. And the incidence of all complications, cerebrospinal ...
Source: Neurosurgical Review - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Conclusions Our analysis shows that increased case volume is related to superior perioperative outcomes for TNTS pituitary tumor resections. Despite the recent adoption of newer endoscopic techniques and concerns of technical learning curves, this VOR remains undisturbed. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part B: Skull Base - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Authors: Araujo-Castro M, Berrocal VR, Pascual-Corrales E Abstract Pituitary tumors (PTs) are a heterogeneous group of lesions of the central nervous system that are usually benign. Most of them occur sporadically, but 5% can do so within family syndromes, usually at a young age. There are differences by sex, age, race, and genetic factors in the prevalence of different tumor cell types and clinical presentation. Functioning-PTs (FPTs) are usually diagnosed earlier than non-functioning PTs (NFPTs). However, this depends on the PT type. Headaches and visual disturbances are the most frequent mass-effect symptoms, bu...
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research
In conclusion, PPT are rare tumors and have been misdiagnosed mainly as non-functioning pituitary adenomas. Different types of PPT share similar epidemiology, clinical manifestations and surgical outcomes. Surgery is the only curative option but complic ations and subtotal resection are common.
Source: Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In conclusion, PPT are rare tumors and have been misdiagnosed mainly as non-functioning pituitary adenomas. Different types of PPT share similar epidemiology, clinical manifestations and surgical outcomes. Surgery is the only curative option but complications and subtotal resection are common. PMID: 30864049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: ENDOCR REV - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Rev Endocr Metab Disord Source Type: research
ConclusionPPT have similar histology, clinical features and are frequently misdiagnosed as nonfunctioning pituitary tumours. However, post-surgical complications including haemorrhage are common. A high clinical suspicion is needed to presume the diagnosis prior surgery and diminish the high morbidity of these tumours.
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Key content There are various types of diabetes insipidus that occur due to different pathology that occurs outside of, during, and as a result of pregnancy. All pregnant women presenting with polyuria and polydipsia should be investigated with blood tests including urea and electrolytes, calcium levels and thyroid function tests. Plasma and urine osmolality can also be helpful in making the diagnosis. Additional symptoms that are suggestive of diabetes insipidus secondary to other underlying pathology (e.g. a pituitary tumour) are likely to require radiological imaging. Women diagnosed with diabetes insipidus should ha...
Source: The Obstetrician and Gynaecologist - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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