Updating the Cost Effectiveness of Oral Anticoagulants for Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Based on Varying Stroke and Bleed Risk Profiles

ConclusionsFrom a US private payer ’s perspective, dabigatran appears cost effective compared with other anticoagulants. This study indicated risk stratification especially considering both stroke and bleed risk simultaneously is important not only in clinical practice but also in health technology assessment exercises among patien ts with atrial fibrillation.
Source: PharmacoEconomics - Category: Health Management Source Type: research

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Left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) is an alternative to oral anticoagulation therapy in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation for the prevention of embolic stroke and systemic embolism. Although elderly patients (>75 years) have both higher ischemic and bleeding risk as compared to younger patients, they benefit from optimal anticoagulation. The sub-analysis aimed to assess the indications, the safety, efficacy, and 1-year outcomes of interventional LAAC in elderly patients ( ≥ 75 years) compared to younger (
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND:  The effects of anticoagulants at extremes of body weight (BW) are not well described. The aim of this study was to analyze the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics and clinical outcomes in patients randomized to warfarin, higher dose edoxaban (HDER), and lower dose edoxaban (LDER) regimens at extremes of BW in ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48. METHODS AND RESULTS:  We analyzed three BW groups: low BW (LBW: 95th percentile, ≥120 kg, N = 1,093). In the warfarin arm, LBW patients had higher rates of stroke/systemic embolism (SSE: 6.5 vs. 4.7 in MBW vs. 1.6% in HBW, P trend 
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
AbstractAimsMajor bleeding events in heart failure (HF) patients are poorly described. We sought to investigate the importance of major bleeding and its impact on outcomes in HF patients.Methods and resultsWe analysed incident bleeding and ischaemic events during a 3  year follow‐up in 2910 HF outpatients included in a prospective multicentre registry. Major bleeding was defined as a Type ≥3 bleed using the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium definition. Ischaemic event was a composite of ischaemic stroke and myocardial infarction. Events were adjudicated by a blinded committee. At inclusion, most patients (89%...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
The incidence of stroke during TAVI up to 5 % (minimum ). Stroke risk reduction during TAVI is a critical requirement that can be a deterrent against this wonderful Intervention. Many devices are being considered EmbolX (Edwards life science) Emrella Sentinel (Claret medical) TriGaurd (Keystone)   TriGaurd 3just got the approval from CE and appear promising. (REFLECT trial) It is inserted through the transfemoral route , deflects embolic material to descending aorta since it covers all the three branches of Arch.What happens to these deflected particles? Any bodys guess. So , in my understanding it conve...
Source: Dr.S.Venkatesan MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: tavr tavi Uncategorized embolic protective device for tavi tavr embolx sentinel. triguard 3 Source Type: blogs
AbstractPurpose of ReviewIn patients with atrial fibrillation who are unable to take novel oral anticoagulants for stroke prophylaxis due to bleeding risk or other contraindications, left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion and exclusion devices have shown benefit. In this review, we highlight the risks and benefits associated with LAA removal.Recent FindingsLAA, once considered a vestigial organ, has been shown to have physiological, anatomical, and arrhythmogenic properties. Device-related complications such as pericardial effusion, device embolization, device-related thrombus, while uncommon, are still present. With increa...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesThe OVID study will demonstrate whether prophylactic-dose enoxaparin improves survival and reduces hospitalizations in symptomatic ambulatory patients aged 50 or older diagnosed with COVID-19, a novel viral disease characterized by severe systemic, pulmonary, and vessel inflammation and coagulation activation.Trial designThe OVID study is conducted as a multicentre open-label superiority randomised controlled trial.ParticipantsInclusion Criteria1. Signed patient informed consent after being fully informed about the study ’s background.2. Patients aged 50 years or older with a positive test for SARS-...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionAcross geriatric subgroups, apixaban was consistently associated with the most favourable benefit-risk profile and should therefore be preferred in geriatric patients with AF. However, research gaps on the impact of increased falling risk, frailty and baseline dementia were identified, requiring careful consideration while awaiting more results.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
We presented four rare cases of thrombosis formation on the occluder device. After the LAAC operation was successfully performed on patients, they followed a course of anticoagulation with dabigatran (110 mg b.i.d.), and device-related thrombosis (DRT) occurred as indicated by a transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) during the follow-up period. Regressions were achieved after replacing dabigatran with rivaroxaban or warfarin for more than 1 month. No thrombosis or bleeding-related complications occurred in subsequent follow-ups.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
The efficacy and safety of DOACs in morbidly obese patients have been well investigated over the last few years.1-4 Our recent meta-analysis showed that the DOAC group did not increase stroke or systemic embolism (SE) event rate compared to the warfarin group and the DOAC use was significantly associated with a lower major bleeding event rate compared to the warfarin group.5 However, it is still unknown which DOAC is more appropriate than others. Apixaban and rivaroxaban are the two most common DOACs prescribed in the U.S but there is no guidance on which agent should be selected in morbidly obese patients with AF.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur real-life data study suggests that secondary stroke prevention with DOACs is as effective and safe as primary prevention, both in standard and reduced doses, in a typical group of patients who are older than patients included in RCTs.
Source: Clinical Drug Investigation - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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