Rabbit model of Staphylococcus aureus implant-associated spinal infection RESOURCE ARTICLE
ABSTRACT Post-surgical implant-associated spinal infection is a devastating complication commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Biofilm formation is thought to reduce penetration of antibiotics and immune cells, contributing to chronic and difficult-to-treat infections. A rabbit model of a posterior-approach spinal surgery was created, in which bilateral titanium pedicle screws were interconnected by a plate at the level of lumbar vertebra L6 and inoculated with a methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) bioluminescent strain. In vivo whole-animal bioluminescence imaging (BLI) and ex vivo bacterial cultures demonstrated a peak in bacterial burden by day 14, when wound dehiscence occurred. Structures suggestive of biofilm, visualized by scanning electron microscopy, were evident up to 56 days following infection. Infection-induced inflammation and bone remodeling were also monitored using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT). PET imaging signals were noted in the soft tissue and bone surrounding the implanted materials. CT imaging demonstrated marked bone remodeling and a decrease in dense bone at the infection sites. This rabbit model of implant-associated spinal infection provides a valuable preclinical in vivo approach to investigate the pathogenesis of implant-associated spinal infections and to evaluate novel therapeutics.
CONCLUSION: There is a high prevalence of MRSA causing abscesses in the Hispanic population evaluated in an ED in Puerto Rico. Systemic antibiotic use for the treatment of skin abscesses after incision and drainage remains high despite published guidelines arguing against their widespread use. Clindamycin resistance in our patient population appears to be more frequent than previously reported. PMID: 33031694 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
The difference in sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores from the baseline to sepsis is a known predictor of sepsis-3 outcome, but the prognostic value of drug-resistant organisms for mortality is unexplained. We employed sepsis stewardship and herein report an observational study. Study subjects were patients admitted to the Departments of Surgery/Chest Surgery from 2011 through 2018 with a diagnosis of sepsis and a SOFA score of 2 or more. Our sepsis stewardship methods included antimicrobial and diagnostic stewardship and infection control. We determined the primary endpoint as in-hospital death and the secon...
Authors: Saxena D, Kaul G, Dasgupta A, Chopra S Abstract Acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSIs) are one of the most common types of infections due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The standard of care for ABSSSI includes glycopeptides such as vancomycin, teicoplanin, oxazolidinones and fluoroquinolones, which are potent broad-spectrum antibacterial agents. Unfortunately, due to indiscriminate utilization, resistance to these agents is rising and identification of novel agents is an urgent unmet medical need. In this context, levonadifloxacin (WCK-771) is a novel, hydrate ...
Biofilms pose a relevant factor for wound healing impairment in chronic wounds. With 78% of all chronic wounds being affected by biofilms, research in this area is of high priority, especially since data for evidence-based selection of appropriate antimicrobials and antiseptics is scarce. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the anti-biofilm efficacy of commercially available hypochlorous wound irrigation solutions compared to established antimicrobials. Using an innovative complex in-vitro human plasma biofilm model (hpBIOM), quantitative reduction of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Me...
Conclusions: Our results provide novel evidence that the product of P. intermedia exerts a pathogenic effect on MRSA pneumonia, in particular with a strain exhibiting strong proliferation in the lower airway tract. Moreover, our results indicate that P. intermedia affects MRSA toxin expression via quorum sensing in a strain-dependent fashion, which might be important for understanding the pathogenesis of severe MRSA pneumonia.
This study characterized the epidemiological status, antibiotic resistance patterns, and current prevalent phenotypes of healthcare-associated MRSA. This knowledge can aid clinicians in improving the antimicrobial stewardship program by adapting appropriate guidelines for the proper use of MRSA antibacterial agents. PMID: 33012280 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion A 5-day universal decolonization protocol before LVAD implantation was effective in reducing total infections as well as MRSA-specific infections.
CONCLUSION: A 5-day universal decolonization protocol before LVAD implantation was effective in reducing total infections as well as MRSA-specific infections. PMID: 33009271 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Abstract Given that it unlikely that randomized clinical trials will yield the answers in treating the most challenging bacteremic infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, clinicians, microbiologists, and pharmacists will have to cooperate to discover novel ways in selecting successful individualized antimicrobial therapy for these patients. An example of such a strategy was demonstrated in the identification and utilization of imipenem/cilistatin plus fosfomycin to treat a particularly recalcitrant MRSA bacteremia and spinal abscess. PMID: 33020155 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: Our studies of nanosystem provide a promising synergic therapeutic strategy for postcataract endophthalmitis treatment with favorable prognosis and promise in clinical translations.