Association of blood pressure with knee cartilage composition and structural knee abnormalities: data from the osteoarthritis initiative

AbstractObjectiveTo investigate the associations of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) with changes in knee cartilage composition and joint structure over 48  months, using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI).Materials and methodsA total of 1126 participants with right knee Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) score 0 –2 at baseline, no history of rheumatoid arthritis, blood pressure measurements at baseline, and cartilage T2 measurements at baseline and 48 months were selected from the OAI. Cartilage composition was assessed using MRI T2 measurements, including laminar and gray-level co-occurrence matrix text ure analyses. Structural knee abnormalities were graded using the whole-organ magnetic resonance imaging score (WORMS). We performed linear regression, adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, physical activity, smoking status, alcohol use, KL score, number of anti-hypertensive medications, and numb er of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.ResultsHigher baseline DBP was associated with greater increases in global T2 (coefficient 0.22 (95% CI 0.09, 0.34),P = 0.004), global superficial layer T2 (coefficient 0.39 (95% CI 0.20, 0.58),P = 0.001), global contrast (coefficient 15.67 (95% CI 8.81, 22.53),P 
Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Meta GeneAuthor(s): Mansour Zamanpoor, Hamid Ghaedi, Mir Davood Omrani
Source: Meta Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the low number of university students disclosing sexual assaults to health professionals or support services, the results of this survey suggest more work is needed to facilitate greater disclosures to health professionals enabling victims to access the services they need regardless of alcohol use. PMID: 33032303 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, Volume 89Author(s): E.K. Grantham, A.S. Warden, G.S. McCarthy, A. DaCosta, S. Mason, Y. Blednov, R.D. Mayfield, R.A. Harris
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Park D, Kwon Y Abstract Background: In drug therapy for patients with arthritis, a naproxen/esomeprazole combination drug may be a tolerable choice because it can minimize gastrointestinal and cardiovascular adverse effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in quality of life (QOL), medication adherence, and satisfaction after switch from the existing drug to the combination drug. In addition, we analyzed the correlation between the above-mentioned variables and the stratified demographic and medical data of the patients. Methods: A prospective, noninterventional, observational stud...
Source: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Clin Orthop Surg Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis is a comprehensive literature review of the available evidence and techniques of foot injections for chronic pain conditions. It briefly describes common foot chronic pain syndromes and then reviews available injection techniques for each of these syndromes, weighing the available evidence and comparing the available approaches.Recent FindingsFoot and ankle pain affects 20% of the population over 50 and significantly impairs mobility and ability to participate in activities of daily living (ADLs), as well as increases fall risk. It is commonly treated with costly surgery, at times with questio...
Source: Pain and Therapy - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
In 1975, researchers from Yale investigated an epidemic of 51 patients with arthritis who lived near the woodsy town of Lyme, Connecticut. The most common symptom was recurrent attacks of knee swelling. A few had pain in other joints, such as the wrist or ankle. Many had fever, fatigue, and headache. Some remembered a round skin rash before the onset of knee swelling. We now know that Lyme disease is an infection acquired from tick bites, caused by a spiral bacterium named Borrelia burgdorferi. After a tick bite, Borrelia bacteria wriggle through the skin away from the bite site. This leads to a circular red rash, known as...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Arthritis Bones and joints Infectious diseases Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: The present study suggests that the extract of LMZ attenuates CFA-induced inflammatory pain by suppressing the ERK1/2 and NF-κB signaling pathway at both peripheral and central level. Introduction Pain is one of the most common symptoms in clinical practice, and inflammatory pain is the most important type of pain (Patapoutian et al., 2009). Inflammatory pain is a growing global health problem. In generally, there is a common course of progression in inflammation and pain share. When patients experience inflammation, they may develop hyperalgesia or allodynia to various mechanical, thermal, or che...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe main risk factors for PJI in each category were male gender, coagulopathy, alcohol abuse, surgical site infection (highest score) and high NNIS system surgical patient index score. Protective factors were age, female gender in TKA, osteoarthritis and blood transfusion. Optimization of modifiable risk factors for PJI should be attempted in clinical practice.Level of evidenceII.
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared with the non-RA population. The 2010–2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), which assesses the general health status of populations in South Korea usin g interviews and basic health assessment, was analyzed retrospectively. Weighted prevalence and odds ratio (OR) of comorbidities were analyzed in patients with RA compared with the non-RA population. The overall weighted (n = 37,453,158) prevalence of RA was 1.5%. Patients with RA were older and mor e female predominant than ...
Source: PLoS One - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 March 2017 Source:Trends in Food Science & Technology Author(s): Seema Patel The search for nutrient-dense food source is a top-priority in today’s food-challenged world of multi-billion population. Food insecurity has become especially critical in developing countries, though potential sources of functional foods are being wasted right before our eyes. Rose hips, the fruits of rose plants (Rosa sp.) have been discovered to be rich in polyphenols (triterpene acids, flavonoids, proanthocyanidins, catechin), essential fatty acids, galactolipid, folate, vitamin A, C and E, miner...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
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