IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2526: Development of Osteoporosis Screening Algorithm for Population Aged 50 Years and above in Klang Valley, Malaysia

Conclusion: The new algorithm performed satisfactorily in identifying the risk of osteoporosis among the Malaysian population ≥50 years. Further validation studies are required before applying this algorithm for screening of osteoporosis in public.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Current evidence suggests that dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans, the conventional method defining osteoporosis, is underutilized and, when used, may underestimate patient risk for skeletal fragility. It has recently been suggested that other imaging modalities may better estimate bone quality, such as the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based vertebral bone quality (VBQ) score which also may assess vertebral compression fracture risk in patients with spine metastases.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Osteoporosis is an important public health problem worldwide. Although a number of factors that affect bone structure have been described; thus far, the current knowledge of occupational factors that may have an influence on bone tissue metabolism is strongly limited. Published studies indicate night shift work and the related circadian rhythm disruption may be considered as plausible underlying factors. The aim of the present study was to assess the potential association between night shift work and bone mineral density (BMD) among female blue-collar workers in Poland. A cross-sectional study was carried...
Source: Chronobiology International - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Chronobiol Int Source Type: research
ConclusionsRadiographic vertebral fractures were common among Thai postmenopausal women (~ 29%). These findings suggest that approximately one in three postmenopausal women has undiagnosed vertebral fracture. Radiographic diagnosis should therefore be an essential investigation for identifying and confirming the presence of vertebral fractures.
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Kang MY, Besley J, Sun T, Paul S Abstract BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence of renal impairment in patients presenting with osteoporotic fractures contraindicating bisphosphonate use in New Zealand, and their eligibility to denosumab. AIM: To assess the prevalence of renal impairment contraindicating bisphosphonate use in older adults presenting with osteoporotic fractures, differences in demographic variables between those with renal impairment and those who do not, and finally to assess eligibility for denosumab based on the current PHARMAC special authority criteria. METHOD: All p...
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Erickson KR, Grosicki GJ, Mercado M, Riemann BL Abstract The authors examined the musculoskeletal implications of delayed exercise adoption in two distinct cohorts of masters athletes with ∼10 years of training experience: Olympic weightlifters (OWLs) and distance runners (RUNs). Total body and regional bone mineral density (BMD), and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry-derived lean mass were compared in 51 OWLs and 43 RUNs. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted on BMD and lean mass with the exercise group (i.e., OWLs vs. RUNs), age, sex, and years of experience as independent varia...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research
AbstractThe surgeon general of the USA defines osteoporosis as “a skeletal disorder characterized by compromised bone strength, predisposing to an increased risk of fracture.” Measuring bone strength,Biomechanical Computed Tomography analysis  (BCT), namely, finite element analysis of a patient’s clinical-resolution computed tomography (CT) scan, is now available in the USA as a Medicare screening benefit for osteoporosis diagnostic testing. Helping to address under-diagnosis of osteoporosis, BCT can be applied “opportunistically” to most existing CT scans that include the spine or hip re...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Abstract Osteoporosis is characterised by low bone mineral density (BMD) and is a significant public health problem in India. This cross-sectional study was done to assess the relationship between various anthropometric measures and BMD in 308 rural dwelling South Indian postmenopausal women. Anthropometric variables such as weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC) and neck circumference (NC) were measured. BMD was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan at the lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (NOF). The mean age ± SD of study participan...
Source: Tropical Doctor - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Trop Doct Source Type: research
ConclusionCurrent cigarette smoking is associated with both the quantity and quality of bone mass in elderly men. Although we could not detect a significant association between hookah and osteoporosis in men, considering the prevalence of hookah smoking in the middle eastern countries, further studies are needed to determine the effect of hookah smoking on bone health.
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusion2D SSAM can dramatically improve hip fracture prediction at high specificity levels and estimate the year of the impending fracture using standard clinical images. This has the potential to be implemented in clinical practice to estimate hip fracture risk.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Horm Metab Res 2020; 52: 298-304 DOI: 10.1055/a-1151-2342Clinical studies investigating the relationship between fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) and bone mass are controversial, especially in the healthy renal population. Our study is one of the forefronts investigating the relationship between FGF23 and bone mass parameters in the general population, according to age, sex, menopausal, and nutritional status. Cross-sectional study enrolling 123 volunteers between 20–80 years of age without primary osteoporosis under treatment nor secondary osteoporosis, where bone mass (bone mineral density-BMD, bone mineral cont...
Source: Hormone and Metabolic Research - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Endocrine Care Source Type: research
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