Human mast cells exhibit an individualized pattern of antimicrobial responses

ConclusionsThus, hMCs exhibit a highly individualized pattern of immune response possibly to meet tissue requirements and regulate bacteria coexistence vs defense.
Source: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

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This study aimed to determine the centesimal composition and physicochemical characteristics of the pulp and seed of S. cumini (L.) Skeels, as well as the content of total phenolic compounds and the antioxidant, antibacterial, antibiofilm and anti-quorum sensing (QS) activities of the phenolic extracts obtained from the pulp and the seeds of this fruit. The in vitro antibacterial and anti-QS activities of active films incorporating phenolic extracts were also evaluated. Additionally, we performed molecular docking of phenolic compounds present in jambolan with the CviR QS regulator of Chromobacterium violaceum. The composi...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to identify and isolate lactic acid bacterial (LAB) strains from the intestinal tracts of pigs and feces of dogs and then characterize them as potential probiotics with antimicrobial activity against multidrug-resistant pathogenic bacteria. In a preliminary isolation screening, 45 of 1167 isolated LAB strains were found to have anti-S. aureus ATCC 27,735 activity. Using 16S rDNA and 16S-23S rDNA intergenic spacer region (ISR) sequences, five of these isolates were further identified as Lactobacillus animalis 30a-2, Lactobacillus reuteri 4-12E, Weissella cibaria C34, Lactococcus lactis 5-12H,...
Source: Archives of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Arch Microbiol Source Type: research
Mickevičiūtė Thiazole derivatives attract the attention of scientists both in the field of organic synthesis and bioactivity research due to their high biological activity. In the present study, thiazole ring was obtained by the interaction of 1-(4-(bromoacetyl)phenyl)-5-oxopyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid with thiocarbamide or benzenecarbothioamide, as well as tioureido acid. A series of substituted 1-(3-(1,3-thiazol-2-yl)phenyl)-5-oxopyrrolidines with pyrrolidinone, thiazole, pyrrole, 1,2,4-triazole, oxadiazole and benzimidazole heterocyclic fragments were synthesized and their antibacterial properties were evaluate...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study examines the chemical constituents, antioxidant potential, antibacterial mechanism, and antiproliferative activity of Cinnamomum zeylanicum bark essential oil. The compositions of the oil were analyzed by GC-MS, and the major constituents were found to be (E)-cinnamaldehyde (71.50%), linalool (7.00%), β-caryophyllene (6.40%), eucalyptol (5.40%), and eugenol (4.60%). C. zeylanicum essential oil contained remarkable levels of phenolic and bioactive compounds with outstanding ability to scavenge free radicals and inhibit β-carotene oxidation. The growth of pathogenic and spoilage bacteria, especially Gram...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Abstract Multifunctional food packaging was prepared by incorporating betalains-rich vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor L.) extract into quaternary ammonium chitosan (QC)/fish gelatin (FG) blend films. The structures, physical and functional properties of the films with and without amaranth extract (AE) were determined. Results showed betalains-rich AE was pH-sensitive and could change its colors under alkaline conditions. Structural characterization revealed the interactions between AE and film matrix were based on hydrogen bonds, which influenced the compactness of the films. Notably, AE significantly enhan...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research
Abstract Bacterial resistance to antibiotics has become increasingly widespread, posing a serious threat to human life and health. Macrophages in the host's natural immune system can directly destroy most of bacteria. Therefore, exploring the function of macrophages' mitochondria and lysosomes in killing bacteria might help us overcome the problem of bacterial resistance. We used mass spectrometry to analyze the dynamic expression landscape of mitochondrial and lysosomal proteins in macrophages upon infection with Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas a...
Source: Journal of Proteomics - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: J Proteomics Source Type: research
Conclusions: In countries like Nepal, with a high burden of infectious and parasitic diseases, and a current health system unable to combat the burden of diseases, evaluation of local plants as a treatment or potential source of drugs can help expand treatment options. Screening plants against a broad range of pathogens (bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites) will support bioprospecting in Nepal, which may eventually lead to new drug development. PMID: 32382275 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Abstract Herein, we successfully synthesized nano-porous Co2O3/Cu2O3: Al2O3: SiO2 ((0, 5, 7, 9) Co-CAS) using the acidic sol-gel approach and calcined at 800 °C for 4 h. The crystallization behavior and spectroscopic properties were investigated using X-ray diffraction, field emission-scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier-transform infrared absorption spectra analysis. The antibiotic properties of the nano-porous CAS, 5Co-CAS, and 9Co-CAS magnetic nanocomposites was studied against some potentially pathogenic bacteria in water and wastewater samples. The bacteria tested included Escherichia coli,...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research
la Fecka The purpose of this study was to investigate the composition of leaf extracts from Aronia melanocarpa, Chaenomeles superba, and Cornus mas, and their antimicrobial activity against typical spoilage-causing and pathogenic bacteria found in meat and meat products. The highest total phenolic content (TPC) was detected in C. superba extract, followed by C. mas and A. melanocarpa extracts. The antioxidant capacity of the extracts was measured by DPPH and ABTS assays. The lowest IC50 values were found for C. superba extract, followed by C. mas and A. melanocarpa extracts. LC-MS and HPLC analysis revealed that A. mel...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Duong Vo Bouea macrophylla is a tree widely grown throughout South East Asia. It is used in folk medicine for the treatment of various illnesses. The present study aimed to identify the chemical constituents and to test the antimicrobial and anticancer activities of an ethanol extract from B. macrophylla leaves. The extract exhibited excellent antibacterial properties against 9 out of 10 target microorganisms. including four Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Shigella flexneri, Vibrio cholera, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and four Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, Enteroco...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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