Human mast cells exhibit an individualized pattern of antimicrobial responses

ConclusionsThus, hMCs exhibit a highly individualized pattern of immune response possibly to meet tissue requirements and regulate bacteria coexistence vs defense.
Source: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

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This study assessed the antimicrobial efficacy of synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles produced using aqueous extracts of pomegranate leaves and flowers designated ZnO-NPs-PL, ZnO-NPs-PF. In the study, oxides of zinc were successfully employed to fabricate nanoparticles using extracts from leaves and flowers of pomegranate (Punica granatum). The nanoparticles obtained were characterized spectroscopically. X-ray diffractive analysis (XRD) revealed the elemental components and nature of the synthesized particles. The fabricated zinc oxide nanoparticle (ZnO-NPs) showed a crystalline structure. The morphology of the nanopartic...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences,Volume 13, Issue 05, September 2020. Two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials have captured an increasing attention in biophotonics owing to their excellent optical features. Herein, 2D hafnium ditelluride (HfTe[math], a new member of transition metal tellurides, is exploited to support gold nanoparticles fabricating HfTe2-Au nanocomposites. The nanohybrids can serve as novel 2D surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate for the label-free detection of analyte with high sensitivity and reproducibility. Chemical mechanism originated from HfTe2 nanosheets and the electromagneti...
Source: Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
There is grave necessity to counter the menace of drug-resistant biofilms of pathogens using nanomaterials. Moreover, we need to produce nanoparticles (NPs) using inexpensive clean biological approaches that demonstrate broad-spectrum inhibition of microbial biofilms and cytotoxicity against HepG2 cell lines. In the current research work, titanium dioxide (TiO2) NPs were fabricated through an environmentally friendly green process using the root extract of Withania somnifera as the stabilizing and reducing agent to examine its antibiofilm and anticancer potential. Further, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrare...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract New approaches are required for prevention and control of biofilm-producing bacteria and consequently mitigating the health problems of bovine clinical mastitis. This work designed to determine prevalence rates of biofilm-producing bacteria that causing bovine clinical mastitis and evaluate the anti-biofilm effectiveness of novel nanocomposite of zinc-aluminum layered double hydroxide intercalated with gallic acid (GA) as chelating agent (Zn-Al LDH/GA) on the prevention and control of environmental pathogenic bacteria; Escherichia coli (E. coli), Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae), Staphylococcus aureu...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research
In this study, holomycin was produced for the first time in the culture broth of a non-Streptomyces actinobacteria. This antibiotic was induced by adding 5 mM of L-cystine as precursor to the semi-synthetic fermentation broth of Sa. algeriensis NRRL B-24137 and then fully identified after HPLC purification. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of holomycin were determined against several pathogenic microorganisms, including Escherichia coli ATCC 10536 Klebsiella pneumoniae CIP 82.91, Listeria monocytogenes CIP 82110, Staphylococcus aureus CIP 7625, Aspergillus carbonarius M333, Fusarium culmorum FC1, Candida al...
Source: Archives of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Arch Microbiol Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to encapsulate thyme essential oil and to evaluate its antioxidant and antimicrobial potential in vitro and in situ in of hamburger-like meat products. The casein-maltodextrin capsules produced by spray-drying were assessed for encapsulation efficiency, thermal stability, chemical compounds and morphology. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by DPPH, hydroxyl and nitric oxide methods, while antimicrobial activity was evaluated in vitro against four bacteria and in situ in hamburger-like products. The capsule showed high encapsulation efficiency and thermal stability, and spherical and irregul...
Source: International Journal of Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Int J Food Microbiol Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the centesimal composition and physicochemical characteristics of the pulp and seed of S. cumini (L.) Skeels, as well as the content of total phenolic compounds and the antioxidant, antibacterial, antibiofilm and anti-quorum sensing (QS) activities of the phenolic extracts obtained from the pulp and the seeds of this fruit. The in vitro antibacterial and anti-QS activities of active films incorporating phenolic extracts were also evaluated. Additionally, we performed molecular docking of phenolic compounds present in jambolan with the CviR QS regulator of Chromobacterium violaceum. The composi...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to identify and isolate lactic acid bacterial (LAB) strains from the intestinal tracts of pigs and feces of dogs and then characterize them as potential probiotics with antimicrobial activity against multidrug-resistant pathogenic bacteria. In a preliminary isolation screening, 45 of 1167 isolated LAB strains were found to have anti-S. aureus ATCC 27,735 activity. Using 16S rDNA and 16S-23S rDNA intergenic spacer region (ISR) sequences, five of these isolates were further identified as Lactobacillus animalis 30a-2, Lactobacillus reuteri 4-12E, Weissella cibaria C34, Lactococcus lactis 5-12H,...
Source: Archives of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Arch Microbiol Source Type: research
Mickevičiūtė Thiazole derivatives attract the attention of scientists both in the field of organic synthesis and bioactivity research due to their high biological activity. In the present study, thiazole ring was obtained by the interaction of 1-(4-(bromoacetyl)phenyl)-5-oxopyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid with thiocarbamide or benzenecarbothioamide, as well as tioureido acid. A series of substituted 1-(3-(1,3-thiazol-2-yl)phenyl)-5-oxopyrrolidines with pyrrolidinone, thiazole, pyrrole, 1,2,4-triazole, oxadiazole and benzimidazole heterocyclic fragments were synthesized and their antibacterial properties were evaluate...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study examines the chemical constituents, antioxidant potential, antibacterial mechanism, and antiproliferative activity of Cinnamomum zeylanicum bark essential oil. The compositions of the oil were analyzed by GC-MS, and the major constituents were found to be (E)-cinnamaldehyde (71.50%), linalool (7.00%), β-caryophyllene (6.40%), eucalyptol (5.40%), and eugenol (4.60%). C. zeylanicum essential oil contained remarkable levels of phenolic and bioactive compounds with outstanding ability to scavenge free radicals and inhibit β-carotene oxidation. The growth of pathogenic and spoilage bacteria, especially Gram...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
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