Population Pharmacokinetics of Ganciclovir in Critically Ill Patients

This study aimed at characterizing GCV population PK and interindividual variability (IIV) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Secondary objectives were to identify patient characteristics responsible for IIV and simulate GCV exposure for different dosing regimens. Method: In this retrospective observational study, clinical data and serum GCV levels were collected from ICU patients on intravenous GCV. PK modeling, covariate analyses, and explorative Monte Carlo dosing simulations (MCS) were performed using nonlinear mixed-effects modeling. Bootstrap and visual predictive checks were used to determine model adequacy. Results: In total, 128 GCV measurements were obtained from 34 patients. GCV PK conformed to a 1-compartment model with first-order elimination. After multivariate analyses, only the estimated glomerular filtration rate calculated using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) formula (P 1.5 mg/L) when administering the label-recommended dose reductions for patients with CKD-EPI
Source: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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