Serum Galectin-3 Levels in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

CONCLUSION: Our research supports the hypothesis that serum levels of galectin-3 might be related to ADHD. PMID: 32151128 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research

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Authors: Karaş H, Çetingök H, İlişer R, Çarpar E, Kaşer M Abstract Objective: The first aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of childhood and current attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in patients with fibromyalgia. The second aim is to assess the role of depression and anxiety on the relationship between childhood and adult ADHD symptoms with disease impact in this population.Methods: Sixty-four patients with fibromyalgia were compared to matched 58 healthy controls. All participants completed the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS), Adult ADHD Self-Report Scal...
Source: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe main purpose of this review is to understand how attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects geriatrics (elderly population).Recent FindingsADHD is a common neuropsychiatric condition, which is not well studied in geriatrics. Current literature does not have too much information on effects of ADHD in geriatrics. ADHD in elderly population is accompanied by various comorbidities such as anxiety and depression.SummaryThis review will provide an overview of existing literature on prevalence of ADHD in elderly population along with the comorbidities and available treatment options for the same.
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: ADHD and SCT symptoms and concerns in college students may be related to poor sleep, which can lead to misdiagnosis for individuals presenting with ADHD-like complaints for the first time in college. Sleep difficulties may be modifiable with empirically supported sleep interventions; thus, in assessment for either of these presentations, a careful sleep history should be taken. PMID: 32380521 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Arch Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research
lotie T Abstract BACKGROUND: Severe malocclusions appear in up to 20 per cent of the population. Many neuropsychiatric diseases are likely to have a neurodevelopmental, partially genetic background with their origins as early as fetal life. However, the possible relationship between neurodevelopmental disorders and severe malocclusions is unclear. The aim of this study was in a population-based setting (270 000 inhabitants) to investigate whether patients with severe malocclusions have more mental and behavioural disorders and growth or speech problems than controls without severe malocclusion. MATERIAL AND M...
Source: European Journal of Orthodontics - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Eur J Orthod Source Type: research
Conclusions Available data on homeopathy in psychiatric disorders are insufficient to support their use in clinical practice.
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Contributions Source Type: research
Children with reading and/or spelling disorders have increased rates of behavioral and emotional problems and combinations of these. Some studies also find increased rates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder, anxiety disorder, and depression. However, the comorbidities of, e.g., arithmetic disorders with ADHD, anxiety disorder, and depression have been addressed only rarely. The current study explored the probability of children with specific learning disorders (SLD) in reading, spelling, and/or arithmetic to also have anxiety disorder, depression, ADHD, and/or conduct disorder. The sample ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Discussion Fragile X syndrome (FXS) was first clinically described in 1943 by Martin-Bell and in 1969 Lubs found a fragility at the terminal end of the X chromosome. In 1991, three different research groups independently cloned the mutation for the FMR1 gene (Fragile X mental retardation type 1) which has a CGG triplet expansion. The FMR1 gene codes for the FMR protein which is a major regulator of synaptic plasticity and is expressed in the brain and spermatogonia mainly but many other tissues during fetal and early neonatal development. The number of triplets and methylation correlates with clinical expression (increased...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
This article reviews the role of the main components of the ECS as biomarkers in certain psychiatric disorders. Studies carried out in rodents evaluating the effects of pharmacological and genetic manipulation of cannabinoid receptors or endocannabinoids (eCBs) degrading enzymes were included. Likewise, the ECS-related alterations occurring at the molecular level in animal models reproducing some behavioral and/or neuropathological aspects of psychiatric disorders were reviewed. Furthermore, clinical studies evaluating gene or protein alterations in post-mortem brain tissue or in vivo blood, plasma, and cerebrospinal fluid...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract CONTEXT: In the absence of baseline testing, normative data may be used to interpret postconcussion scores on the clinical reaction-time test (RTclin). However, to provide normative data, we must understand the performance factors associated with baseline testing. OBJECTIVE: To explore performance factors associated with baseline RTclin from among candidate variables representing demographics, medical and concussion history, self-reported symptoms, sleep, and sport-related features. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Clinical setting (eg, athletic training room). PATIENTS OR OTHER...
Source: J Athl Train - Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research
Narcolepsy in childhood-adolescence is characterized by a high occurrence of psychiatric comorbidities. The most frequent psychiatric disorders reported in these patients are attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, depression, anxiety disorder, and schizophrenia. However, narcolepsy can be associated also with introversion, sorrowfulness, feelings of inferiority, impaired affectivity modulation, emotional lability, irritability, aggressiveness, and poor attention, that have been pooled by some authors under a definition of “narcoleptic personality.” Some aspects of this “narcoleptic personality,” ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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