European Union Summary Report on Antimicrobial Resistance in Zoonotic and Indicator Bacteria from Humans, Animals and Food in 2017/2018

Source: European Union, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Published: 1/31/2020. Salmonella and campylobacter are becoming increasingly resistant to ciprofloxacin, one of the antibiotics of choice for treating infections caused by these bacteria. That conclusion is part of this 166-page report on antimicrobial resistance in zoonoses, released with the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), which also presents some positive trends in the animal sector and includes key outcome indicators that will help European Union Member States assess their progress in reducing the use of antimicrobials and combating antimicrobial resistance. (PDF)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Once a dangerous new pathogen is out, as we are seeing, it can be difficult if not impossible to prevent it going global. One as contagious as SARS-CoV-2 has the potential to infect the whole of humanity. Eighty per cent of cases may be benign, but with such a large pool of susceptible hosts, the numbers who experience severe illness and die can still be shockingly high. So the only sensible answer to the question, how do we stop this from happening again, is: by doing all we can to prevent such pathogens infecting humans in the first place. And that means taking a long, hard look at our relationship with the natural world...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news
ConclusionsWhen fed at approved dosages for typical durations, tylosin increases the proportion of macrolide-resistant enterococci in the cattle gastrointestinal tract, which could pose a zoonotic risk to human beef consumers. Feeding tylosin for short durations may mitigate the impact on macrolide-resistant enterococci and further studies are encouraged to determine the effect of minimizing or eliminating tylosin use in beef cattle. There may also be an impact on other bacteria and other antimicrobial resistances but additional details or data are needed to strengthen these comparisons. We encourage authors of antimicrobi...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Abstract Wild birds have been the focus of a great deal of research investigating the epidemiology of zoonotic bacteria and antimicrobial resistance in the environment. While enteric pathogens (e.g. Campylobacter, Salmonella, and E. coli O157:H7) and antimicrobial resistant bacteria of public health importance have been isolated from a wide variety of wild bird species, there is a considerable variation in the measured prevalence of a given microorganism from different studies. This variation may often reflect differences in certain ecological and biological factors such as feeding habits and immune status. Variat...
Source: Animal Health Research Reviews - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Anim Health Res Rev Source Type: research
Source: European Union, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Published: 5/28/2019. This 25-page report presents the results of the third round of the external quality assessment on antimicrobial susceptibility testing for national public health laboratories for Campylobacter (Campylobacter EQA3-AST) within the Food- and Waterborne Diseases and Zoonoses Network (FWD-Net). It is part of a European Union protocol for harmonized monitoring of antimicrobial resistance in human Salmonella and Campylobacter isolates. Campylobacteriosis, followed by salmonellosis, is the leading cause of zoonotic foodborne d...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Conclusion This study confirms the in vitro antibacterial activity of BIOCITRO® against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. For most of the strains, the product reached the bactericidal effect at the same concentration of the bacteriostatic effect and maximum difference between MIC and MBC was two dilution steps. The less susceptible species of the study were S. enterica ssp. enterica and E. coli with MBC90 values of 256 and 128 μg/mL, respectively, while the most susceptible was C. perfringens with MBC90 of 16 μg/mL. After short exposition time to the product, the significant effect over the viability of ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, association rule mining is an effective tool for identifying patterns of multidrug resistance within antimicrobial susceptibility testing data and evaluating the statistical and biological significance of the patterns. Rule quality measures used to sort and differentiate rules should be tested using resampling procedures to minimize the false discovery rate. Rule mining identified consistent multidrug resistance patterns involving beta-lactams, sulfisoxazole, tetracycline, gentamicin, and streptomycin in E. coli isolated from chicken carcasses and meat between 2004 and 2012. The generally low rule overlap su...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2018Source: The Veterinary JournalAuthor(s): Wiebke Jansen, Anja Müller, Nils Grabowski, Corinna Kehrenberg, Benoît Muylkens, Sascha Al DahoukAbstractGlobalisation, international trade and the ever-growing flow of goods and people enable animal diseases and zoonotic pathogens to travel worldwide. The risk of reintroducing previously eradicated animal diseases into the European Union is omnipresent as considerable amounts of food products of animal origin (POAO) from endemic countries are continuously imported legally and illegally into the EU. Additionally, these pr...
Source: The Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
ute;nguez L Abstract Consumers require safety foods but without losing enough supply and low prices. Food concerns about antimicrobial residues and antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) bacteria are not usually appropriately separated and could be perceived as the same problem. The monitoring of residues of antimicrobials in animal food is well established at different levels (farm, slaughterhouse, and industry), and it is preceded by the legislation of veterinary medicines where maximum residues limits are required for medicines to be used in food animal. Following the strategy of the World Health Organization, one of th...
Source: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Adv Food Nutr Res Source Type: research
Author Affiliations open 1Public Health Institute, Oakland, California, USA 2Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA 3Instituto de Microbiologia, Colegio de Ciencias Biologicas y Ambientales, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, Ecuador 4Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA 5Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA 6Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA PDF Version (176 KB) Abstract ...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Brief Communication Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 September 2016 Source:Trends in Food Science & Technology Author(s): Karl Mc Nulty, Jan Mei Soon, Carol Anne Wallace, Ivan Nastasijevic Background The emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in zoonotic foodborne pathogens (Salmonella, Campylobacter) and indicator microorganisms (E. coli, enterococci) is a major public health risk. Zoonotic bacteria, resistant to antimicrobials, are of special concern because they might compromise the effective treatment of infections in humans. Scope and approach In this review, the AMR monitoring and surveillance programmes in five selected ...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
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