PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder) in Refugees
Source: National Center for PTSD [Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder] [U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs]. Published: 9/2019. Many refugees and displaced persons suffer significant psychological distress as a result of their exposure to traumatic events and the hardships associated with life as a refugee. This Web page discusses post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in refugees, traumatic events encountered by refugees, measurement issues, prevalence of PTSD, treatment, and distinct challenges. Recognition of the mental health problems associated with being a refugee has grown, but the ability to assess the mental health ne...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Sources and Burden of Opioid Deaths
Source: National Institute for Health Care Management Foundation (NIHCM). Published: 5/22/2019. Using the latest Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) data, this infographic takes a closer look at the sources and burdens of opioid overdose deaths in 2017, illustrating the growing intensity of the opioid crisis. It details how opioid deaths are increasingly involving heroin and synthetic opioids, and why it is a myth that the opioid crisis is primarily a rural issue. (Text) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Library Preparedness for Hurricane Season
Source: American Library Association (ALA). Published: 5/22/2019. This one-hour, 16-minute webinar provides lessons on planning and preparing a library for the likelihood of a disastrous hurricane. Speakers review the basic principles of emergency management as an effective way to update a library's own emergency plans. They also highlight the steps to create a template for emergencies if one hasn't yet been developed, and discuss valuable lessons learned from librarians in Houston and Puerto Rico, who explain how they were able to rebuild while serving and collaborating with their communities in the aftermath of the deva...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Area-Based Approaches in Urban Settings: Compendium of Case Studies
Source: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC). Published: 5/16/2019. This 90-page publication is a pioneering collection of case studies describing area-based approaches to urban challenges (2010-2019), and represents a key output and important milestone of the Urban Settlements Working Group (USWG), by consolidating current practices, identifying common challenges and constraints, and providing operational guidance. Case studies documented are in response to both humanitarian crises and developmental challenges, from a mix of contexts such as rapid onse...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Product Profile Directory
Source: World Health Organization (WHO). Published: 5/15/2019. This online resource was launched to guide the development of new health products for which there are limited markets or incentives for research and development. The summary of the published profiles outlines eight to 10 key characteristics for the development of health products, including medicines, vaccines, and diagnostics.The Ebola outbreak of 2014-2015 and other recent pandemics have highlighted the urgent need for centralized information to guide and improve coordination of efforts to develop new health products for neglected diseases and populations. (T...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Economic and Health Consequences of Climate Change
Source: U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Ways and Means. Published: 5/15/2019. This Web page provides the testimony of witnesses who spoke at a Congressional hearing about the economic and health consequences of climate change, and why rapid action on both mitigation and adaptation is needed to reduce the health effects and stem the large financial losses that will result from climate change if left unchecked. They detailed the health effects of climate change and the main pathways in which they will occur. (Text) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Impunity Remains: Attacks on Health Care in 23 Countries in Conflict (2018)
Source: Safeguarding Health in Conflict. Published: 5/15/2019. In 2018, the Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition documented 973 attacks on health care in 23 countries in conflict, which are discussed in this 35-page report. The report documents attacks against vaccination workers, paramedics, nurses, doctors, midwives, patients, community volunteers, and drivers and guards, in violation of longstanding human rights and humanitarian law norms to protect and respect health care in conflict. It discusses violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which posed a great threat to containing the spread of the Ebola vi...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

DRC (Democratic Republic of the Congo): Conflict and Displacement in Nord Kivu and Ituri
Source: Assessment Capacities Project (ACAPS). Published: 5/14/2019. This 10-page issue brief discusses the anticipated scope and scale, key priorities, and humanitarian constraints of attacks and clashes between armed groups and Congolese security forces in the Nord Kivu and Ituri provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. These attacks and subsequent displacement of thousands of people come at a time when the transmission rate of Ebola cases is increasing in this area. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Emergency Assistance for Zika: USAID (U.S. Agency for International Development) Supported Activities Overseas but Could Improve Funds Tracking and Response Planning
Source: U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO). Published: 5/13/2019. This 52-page report examines the status of U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and Department of State funding for U.S. Zika response overseas; activities supported by these funds; and implementation challenges, if any, and responses to any challenges. It recommends that USAID take steps to ensure it is able to compile funding information by country for future infectious disease emergency responses, and take steps to improve its infectious disease response planning. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Guidelines for Assessing the Human Impact of Disasters
Source: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Published: 5/10/2019. This 52-page document aims to help national governments and national and international agencies assess the impact of disasters on people and their living conditions, access to basic services, livelihoods, social status, and coping capacities, and also on overall levels of poverty and human development. It adds to the compendium of Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) guidelines published jointly by the European Union, World Bank, and the United Nations for conducting assessments in disaster-affected countries. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

United States Government Global Health Security Strategy
Source: White House. Published: 5/9/2019. This 32-page document reaffirms a continued and coordinated U.S. Government approach to strengthening the world ’s capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to infectious disease threats, whether natural, accidental, or deliberate. It delineates how the U.S. Government will achieve the National Security Strategy priority actions of Detecting and Containing Biothreats at Their Source, and Improving Emergency Response domestically as part of the global health security system. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Struggling with Scale: Ebola ’s Lessons for the Next Pandemic
Source: Center for Global Development (CGD). Published: 5/9/2019. This 82-page report explores the lessons of the 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak through the lens of the U.S. and United Nations policymakers who were forced to construct an unprecedented response in real time. It tells the story of their choices around four major policy challenges: Operationalizing the U.S. government response; balancing the politics and science of travel restrictions; defining the role of a reluctant military; and coordinating complex international partnerships. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Disasters: Impact on Child Poverty and Development
Source: Overseas Development Institute (ODI). Published: 5/7/2019. During this one-hour, 33-minute presentation, an expert panel discusses the effect of natural hazards on the different life stages of children and adolescents living in poverty. Panelists discuss how natural hazards experienced during childhood affect future life stages into adolescence and beyond, and what the implications of natural hazards for child and adolescent poverty trajectories are. They draw on a recent research report on Child Poverty, Disasters and Climate Change: Investigating Relationships and Implications Over a Child ’s Life Course. ...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Senior Leader Toolkit
Source: Federal Emergency Management Agency [Department of Homeland Security] (FEMA). Published: 5/7/2019. The purpose of this three-document toolkit is to help elected officials, other senior executives, and department heads understand their responsibilities in the initial response to an incident. Two reference guides are organized into overarching priorities that apply to every incident, essential responsibilities, what to expect/action steps, and public messaging examples. Priorities include ensuring the safety and security of first responders, support personnel, and the general population. The toolkit also includes a ...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) on Immunization: Interim Recommendations on Vaccination Against Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)
Source: World Health Organization (WHO). Published: 5/7/2019. This four-page document describes the recommendations made by the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) on Immunization's for Ebola vaccination in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The recommendations include endorsing operational adjustments that make the vaccination process faster and adjusting the dosage based on available efficacy data. SAGE suggested expanding the population eligible for vaccination with rVSV-ZEBOV-GP, introducing an additional experimental vaccine, and redoubling ongoing efforts to train nurses, doctors, and medical students from...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Chemical Warfare: A Primer for First Responders and Receivers
Source: Alabama Department of Public Health. Published: 5/3/2019. The purpose of this one-hour webinar is to raise awareness of the dangers caused by single and dual use chemicals that have been used in warfare, such as arsenicals. It describes important historical and recent examples of chemical agents use in warfare; enumerates clinical components of major chemical toxidromes; and describes challenges in prevention and response for first responders and receivers in caring for victims of chemical exposure. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Measles Outbreak Toolkit for Healthcare Providers
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of Infectious Diseases (CDC OID). Published: 5/2/2019. To support health care providers during the current multi-state measles outbreak, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed this digital toolkit with products for providers and their patients about vaccines and measles. These products include accurate, science-based evidence to help counter misinformation about measles and MMR vaccine. Several states have declared measles outbreaks and public health emergencies in 2019. (Text) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

What's New In Blue: Coordinated Responses to Mass Casualty Events
Source: U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ). Published: 5/2019. This 13-minute presentation discusses working to get emergency medical technicians to the scene to treat victims during and after a mass casualty attack, the pattern of wounding in these types of events, and the importance of coordinating responses among law enforcement, fire services, and the medical community to respond to active shooter/critical incidents. The recovery process discussed include reunifications efforts and long-term care for all involved in the event. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Surveillance Report: Zoonotic Influenza; Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018
Source: European Union, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Published: 5/2019. This six-page report on cases of zoonotic influenza is based on data for 2018 retrieved on April 3, 2019. No human cases of avian influenza were reported in the European Union/European Economic Area in 2018. Only two human A(H7N9) infections were reported from China, a significant decrease compared with 2017. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Surveillance Report: Zoonotic Influenza Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018
Source: European Union, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Published: 5/2019. This six-page report on cases of zoonotic influenza is based on data for 2018 retrieved on April 3, 2019. No human cases of avian influenza were reported in the European Union/European Economic Area in 2018. Only two human A(H7N9) infections were reported from China, a significant decrease compared with 2017. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction
Discussions included how the risk landscape is changing quickly, with diverse risks, ranging from climate and biological to cyber risk, that have to be accounted for. (Text) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Database of Literature on Oil Spills and Public Health: May 2019
The objective of the review, first published in 2016 and updated in May 2019, is to identify both what was already known about the effects of oil spills, and gaps in the knowledge. The spreadsheet features a drop-down menu in each column so that users can narrow their searches. (Text) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Healing and Recovery Through Education in Emergencies
Source: Save the Children International. Published: 5/2019. This nine-page report describes efforts to ensure that children affected by conflict can access opportunities for healing, recovery, and learning in safe and nurturing educational environments. It provides recommendations to ensure that refugee children can access learning, and discusses how greater expertise, research, and learning are needed to scale up and provide better quality mental health and psychosocial support through education that reaches the most vulnerable children. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Strengthening Social Science Capacities in the European Region: Integrating Social Science-Based Interventions for Effective Emergency Risk Communication and Community Engagement in Outbreaks and Health Emergencies
Source: World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe. Published: 5/2019. In order to integrate social science capacities on a global scale for pandemic and other health emergencies response, the World Health Organization developed the SocialNET training in 2017, and designed it to prepare social scientists, communicators, and related emergency response experts to work effectively as part of public health emergency response teams.This 54-page report provides information about the SocialNET training held in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, in December 2018 to provide an interactive adult learning experience with an emphasis on...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Local Opioid Prevention and Response: A Primer for Local Health Departments
Source: National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO). Published: 5/2019. This 24-page document serves to inform local health departments (LHDs) about the domestic opioid epidemic, and share success stories from LHDs currently engaged in opioid-related efforts, as well as resources and informative sidebars. Information provided in this document includes history; background information; law and policies; and sample practices for monitoring and surveillance, prevention, harm reduction, linkages to care, stakeholder engagement, and community partnerships. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Di...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Disaster Displacement: A Global Review, 2008-2018
Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC). Published: 5/2019. This 56-page report identifies who collects disaster displacement data, how data are collected, and for how long. It reveals the most important gaps and provides action-oriented recommendations to overcome them. Weather-related hazards account for more than 87 percent of all disaster displacement, and the impacts of climate change and the increasing concentration of populations in areas exposed to storms and floods mean that ever more people are at risk of being displaced. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How to Lead during Bioattacks and Epidemics with the Public's Trust and Help
Source: Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. Published: 5/2019. This leadership guide provides government leaders with guidance on anticipating and averting governing pitfalls that arise during bioattacks and epidemics. It sets forth strategic goals that distinguish effective, compassionate leadership in epidemics; illustrates circumstances posed by bioattacks that further complicate response to the health crisis; and identifies dilemmas of governing that commonly arise during naturally occurring or intentionally caused epidemics. (Text) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Seventy-Second World Health Assembly
Source: World Health Organization (WHO). Published: 5/2019. This Web page provides information and materials for the 72nd session of the World Health Assembly, which takes place in Geneva on May 20-28, 2019. The Health Assembly is the supreme decision-making body of the World Health Organization (WHO). Documents for the Assembly include Report of the Independent Oversight and Advisory Committee for the WHO Health Emergencies Programme; WHO's Work in Emergencies; Draft WHO Global Strategy on Health, Environment and Climate Change; Annual Report on the Implementation of the International Health Regulations (2005); and Draft...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Blast Injuries: The Impact of Explosive Weapons on Children in Conflict
Source: Save the Children International. Published: 5/2019. This 24-page paper highlights some of the devastating effects of blast injuries on boys and girls. It provides details about how the world ’s worst modern conflicts expose children to explosive weapons – rockets, mortars, grenades, mines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs). In these situations, children have a disproportionate requirement for health services, both surgical and otherwise, and experience injuries of a greater in tensity than adults. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Paediatric Blast Injury Field Manual
Source: Save the Children International. Published: 5/2019. This 176-page manual, produced by the Paediatric Blast Injuries Partnership, provides guidance for those with medical training but limited experience for treating children injured in conflict. It is divided into sections for each stage of treatment of the blast-injured child. It provides the evidence-based practices and confidence to look after children right from the point of injury through to rehabilitation and longer-term mental health and psychosocial support. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (2019)
Source: United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR). Published: 5/2019. This 472-page document is the fifth edition of the United Nations Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction and is being issued four years after the adoption of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015 –2030 (Sendai Framework). It offers an update on progress made in implementing the outcome, goal, targets, and priorities of the Sendai Framework and disaster-related Sustainable Development Goals. It presents innovative research and practice for pursuing risk-informed sustainable development, an d provides an ...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Spotlight on Mississippi: Best Practices and Next Steps in the Opioid Epidemic
Source: American Medical Association (AMA). Published: 5/2019. This 37-page report, published with Manatt Health and the Mississippi State Medical Association, reviews Mississippi's progress in Medicaid and the commercial insurance market in areas related to substance use disorder (SUD) treatment, pain management, and efforts to increase access to naloxone. It supplements analysis with examples from Pennsylvania and Colorado to show where Mississippi has accomplished less and could benefit from considering best practices from other states. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Spotlight on North Carolina: Best Practices and Next Steps in the Opioid Epidemic
Source: American Medical Association (AMA). Published: 5/2019. This 39-page report, published with Manatt Health and the North Carolina Medical Society, reviews North Carolina's progress in Medicaid and the commercial insurance market in areas related to substance use disorder (SUD) treatment, pain management, and efforts to increase access to naloxone. It analyzes the state's responses to the opioid epidemic to identify best practices and strategies to build on accomplishments, and identifies options for further building on these gains, drawing on emerging strategies from around the country. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: ...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Words into Action Guidelines: Developing National Disaster Risk Reduction Strategies
Source: United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction Secretariat (UNISDR). Published: 5/2019. These Words into Action guidelines offer practical guidance and good practice examples for aligning a national disaster risk reduction strategy with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. The 45-page document details national and local disaster risk reduction strategies that are essential for implementing and monitoring a country ’s risk reduction priorities by setting implementation milestones, establishing key roles and responsibilities of government and non-government actors, and iden...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

GRID 2019: Global Report on Internal Displacement
Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC). Published: 5/2019. This 159-page report highlights the many challenges, but also opportunities, that cities face today when dealing with internal displacement. It also demonstrates a changing humanitarian landscape, where internal displacement poses risks to both current and future crises. Almost 1,600 disaster events triggered new displacements in 2018, most of them associated with weather-related hazards. Part 3 includes a section on urban displacement in the context of conflict, disasters, and development, with a spotlight on flood displacement risk. (PDF) (Source...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

National Health Security Preparedness Index: Summary of Key Findings; May 2019
Source: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF). Published: 5/2019. This 19-page report summarizes the 2019 National Health Security Preparedness Index, which tracks the nation's progress in preparing for, responding to, and recovering from the health consequences of disasters, disease outbreaks, and other large-scale emergencies. The Index reveals strengths as well as vulnerabilities in the protections needed to keep people safe and healthy in the face of emergencies, and tracks how these protections vary across the United States and change over time. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Gulf Research Program Annual Report 2018
Source: National Academies Press (NAP). Published: 5/2019. Each year, the Gulf Research Program (GRP) produces an annual report to summarize how funds were used. These reports review accomplishments, highlight activities, and, over time, will assess metrics to determine how the program is progressing in accomplishing its goals. This 34-page 2018 annual report is the fifth report in the series. The Gulf Research Program seeks to enhance oil system safety and the protection of human health and the environment in the Gulf of Mexico region and other areas along the U.S. outer continental shelf with offshore oil and gas operat...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Exploring Lessons Learned from a Century of Outbreaks: Readiness for 2030; Proceedings of a Workshop
Source: National Academies Press (NAP). Published: 5/2019. In November 2018, an ad hoc planning committee at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine planned two workshops in Washington, DC, to examine the lessons from influenza pandemics and other major outbreaks, understand the extent to which the lessons have been learned, and discuss how they could be applied further to ensure that countries are sufficiently ready for future pandemics. This 210-page publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from both workshops. (Text) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

IASC (Inter-Agency Standing Committee) Plan for Accelerating Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA) in Humanitarian Response at Country-Level
Source: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC). Published: 5/2019. The product of extensive Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) technical consultations, this eight-page scale-up plan for protection from sexual exploitation and abuse (PSEA) was unanimously endorsed by IASC Principals on December 3, 2018. Humanitarian Country Teams (HCTs) subsequently carried out a gap analysis to inform IASC members of current needs for effective implementation of PSEA interventions at country-level. It presents a call for collective action and investment by IASC member...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Developing Norms for the Provision of Biological Laboratories in Low-Resource Contexts: Proceedings of a Workshop
Source: National Academies Press (NAP). Published: 5/2019. This 104-page publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from a workshop held on June 27-28, 2018, on developing norms for the provision of laboratories in low-resource contexts. The U.S. Department of State's Biosecurity Engagement Program requested that the National Academies organize this workshop to engage an international group of organizations that provide funding for construction, upgrades, and maintenance of biological laboratories in countries without the means to build such labs themselves. The intent was to advance the conversation about t...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Implications of Not Addressing Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) Needs in Conflict Situations
Source: United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID). Published: 4/30/2019. This 20-page review of existing literature examines the effect of conflict on longer term mental and physical health, communities, families, and overall human development, and indicates that there are a number of significant implications of not addressing mental health and psychosocial (MHPSS) needs of children, youth, and adults in conflict settings. These findings are also applicable in disaster and emergency scenarios related to mass trauma. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Climate Change, Part II: The Public Health Effects
Source: U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. Published: 4/30/2019. This three-hour, 36-minute hearing of the U.S. House Subcommittee on Environment focuses on the public health implications of climate change, including the severe health impacts of climate change on vulnerable populations such as seniors, children, and low-income communities, and the role the federal government can play in responding to these public health challenges. It is the second of two hearings, in which the first hearing focused on the history of a consensus on climate change; this hearing discusses the curren...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Guidance on Strengthening Disability Inclusion in Humanitarian Response Plans
Source: United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID). Published: 4/29/2019. This 38-page guidance provides support on how to strengthen inclusion of disability in Humanitarian Response Plans (HRPs) as part of the UK Department for International Development (DFID) Humanitarian Investment Program. The aim of this work is to make humanitarian programming more responsive to the needs of people with disabilities affected by crisis. More substantive work on the inclusion of persons with disabilities will need to continue concurrently to this initiative, including in relation to how disability-inclusive project...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Sphere Training Package: 2018 Edition
Source: Sphere Project. Published: 4/29/2019. This training resource is an updated version of the comprehensive training pack to support humanitarian professionals wishing to learn more about the Sphere Handbook and humanitarian standards, or deliver training themselves. The pack contains five days' worth of materials. Its modular nature means it can be used in its entirety, broken up into shorter workshops, or injected into broader initiatives such as humanitarian degree programs. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

SOHS (State of the Humanitarian System) 2018 Case Study: Mali
Source: Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action (ALNAP). Published: 4/26/2019. This 42-page case study is one in a series of five research pieces which fed into the analysis for The State of the Humanitarian System 2018, and describes conditions in Mali. The situation in Mali has been affected by increased insecurity due to the fracturing of non-state armed groups, the rise of new jihadist militant groups, and the emergence of a totally new conflict in the center of the country. The health sector is dependent on funding from NGOs, and returning to a cost recovery system will have ...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

SOHS (State of the Humanitarian System) 2018 Case Study: Lebanon
Source: Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action (ALNAP). Published: 4/26/2019. This 66-page case study is one in a series of five research pieces which fed into the analysis for The State of the Humanitarian System 2018, and describes conditions in Lebanon. It discusses the Syrian crisis, which has for Lebanon become a protracted migration crisis involving refugees and the host population. These refugees, who left their home and country years ago with very few resources, are basically in need of everything: shelter, food, health care, protection, and education. (PDF) (Source: Disa...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

SOHS (State of the Humanitarian System) 2018 Case Study: Kenya
Source: Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action (ALNAP). Published: 4/26/2019. This 35-page case study is one in a series of five research pieces which fed into the analysis for The State of the Humanitarian System 2018, and describes conditions in Kenya. It discusses the 2016 –2017 drought in the Horn of Africa, one of the most devastating humanitarian crises in decades. Key impacts of this drought crisis were displacement, migration, and increased reports of disease outbreaks (due to water shortages), directly affecting an estimated 2.6 million people. (PDF) (Source: Disas...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

SOHS (State of the Humanitarian System) 2018 Case Study: Bangladesh
Source: Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action (ALNAP). Published: 4/26/2019. This 39-page case study is one in a series of five research pieces which fed into the analysis for The State of the Humanitarian System 2018, and describes conditions in Bangladesh. It focuses specifically on the response to the Rohingya refugee crisis. In order to achieve a sustainable solution, a major shift in policy will be required, easing pressure on Bangladesh, enhancing refugee self-reliance, expanding access to third-country solutions, and supporting conditions in the country of origin to allow...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

SOHS (State of the Humanitarian System) 2018 Case Study: Yemen
Source: Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action (ALNAP). Published: 4/26/2019. This 46-page case study is one in a series of five research pieces which fed into the analysis for The State of the Humanitarian System 2018, and describes conditions in Yemen. The continued insecurity, instability, and violence there have caused the displacement of approximately three million people, and have had a devastating impact on food security and livelihoods. The health sector response has had to deal with the indirect impacts of the war, such as the deterioration of public health systems, peop...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

SOHS (State of the Humanitarian Systems) 2018 Case Study: Yemen
Source: Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action (ALNAP). Published: 4/26/2019. This 46-page case study is one in a series of five research pieces which fed into the analysis for The State of the Humanitarian System 2018, and describes conditions in Yemen. The continued insecurity, instability, and violence there have caused the displacement of approximately three million people, and have had a devastating impact on food security and livelihoods. The health sector response has had to deal with the indirect impacts of the war, such as the deterioration of public health systems, peop...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news