Phytopharmacology and Clinical Updates of Berberis Species Against Diabetes and Other Metabolic Diseases

The incidences of diabetic mellitus and other metabolic diseases such as hypertension and hyperlipidemia are increasing worldwide; however, the current treatment is not able to control the rapidly increasing trend in diabetes mortality and morbidity. Studies related to the effectiveness of extracts and pure compounds obtained from plants have shown promising responses in preclinical and clinical studies related to these metabolic diseases. Plants belonging to the genus Berberis (Family: Berberidaceae) are widely distributed with nearly 550 species worldwide. Extracts and compounds obtained from Berberis species, especially Berberine alkaloid, showed effectiveness in the management of diabetes and other metabolic diseases. Various pharmacological experiments have been performed to evaluate the effects of Berberis extracts, berberine, and its natural and chemically synthesized derivatives against various cell and animal disease models with promising results. Various clinical trials conducted so far also showed preventive effects of Berberis extracts and berberine against metabolic diseases. The present review focuses on i) research updates on traditional uses, ii) phytopharmacology and clinical studies on Berberis species, and iii) active metabolites in the prevention and treatment of diabetes and other metabolic diseases with a detailed mechanism of action. Furthermore, the review critically analyzes current research gaps in the therapeutic use of Berberis species and berberin...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Purpose of review Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a pervasive and growing health concern that has a significant impact on mortality and morbidity, putting stress on global healthcare systems. CKD affects ∼14% of general populations and ∼36% of high-risk populations and is projected to rise in the coming decade due to increasing rates of diabetes and hypertension. Recent findings Screen, triage, and treat programs aim to detect early stage disease with the intention of promoting medical and lifestyle interventions in line with a patient's level of risk that may slow disease progression and reduce morbidity and ...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION: Edited by Navdeep Tangri Source Type: research
Conclusion: By and large similar pattern of morbidities were recorded in the two strata suggesting that the communities, irrespective of the distance of their residences from UCIL plant or sources of their drinking water, are equally vulnerable to various morbidities.
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
This study aims to determine the extent of optimal drying required to preserve phenolic compounds, and the positive effect on antioxidant activity and enzymatic activity in in vitro models, which will produce benefits for the infusion processing industry and the pharmaceutical industry.
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionIn ENSURE-AF, thromboembolic events were rare and absolute bleeding event rates were higher with concomitant APT. These findings may be relevant for AF-patients considered for dual therapy; even for a short treatment duration of 1  month.
Source: Clinical Research in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
(CNN) — It’s a scenario all too many of us are facing — or will soon face. You or a loved one has a mild fever, body aches, the start of a nagging, dry cough. Food doesn’t taste good nor smell as it once did. Maybe you have shortness of breath or struggle to breath deeply. You’ve called your doctor, and you are suddenly face-to-face with the scary reality of Covid-19. What happens next depends on your specific circumstances. If you are having trouble breathing or are elderly and fragile, you may be hospitalized and tested for the virus. If you’re not in immediate danger but potentially h...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Featured Health CNN Coronavirus quarantine Source Type: news
Authors: Yu C, Zhan X, Liu C, Liao S, Xu J, Liang T, Zhang Z, Chen J Abstract BACKGROUND This retrospective study aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with the recurrence of L5-S1 disc herniation after percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal discectomy (PETD). MATERIAL AND METHODS There were 484 patients L5-S1 disc herniation who underwent PETD who were divided into the recurrence group (n=46) and the non-recurrence group (n=438). Transforaminal endoscopic approaches included modifications of the Yeung endoscopy spine system (YESS) (the intraforaminal intradiscal approach) and the transforaminal endoscop...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
RARITAN, NJ, March 28, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson today announced the VOYAGER PAD study met its primary efficacy and principal safety endpoints, demonstrating the XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) vascular dose (2.5 mg twice daily) plus aspirin (100 mg once daily) was superior to aspirin alone in reducing the risk of major adverse limb and cardiovascular (CV) events by 15 percent in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization, with similar rates of TIMI[1] major bleeding. VOYAGER PAD is the only study to show a significant benefit...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
Abstract Excessive weight is associated with periodontitis because of inflammatory mediators secreted by the adipose tissue. Periodontal impairments can occur during pregnancy due to association between high hormonal levels and inadequate oral hygiene. Moreover, periodontitis and excessive weight during pregnancy can negatively affect an infant ’ s weight at birth. Objective This observational, cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the association between pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity, periodontitis during the third trimester of pregnancy, and the infants' birth weight. Methodology The sample set was divided int...
Source: Journal of Applied Oral Science - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 March 2020Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): Ritesh Gupta, Anoop Misra
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe three OSA phenotypes from multi-perspective clustering may provide a basis for precise therapeutic decision-making including craniofacial skeletal intervention beyond usual characterization of OSA subgroups.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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