Bone growth stimulation offers no additional benefit after thoracolumbar fusion surgery

ConclusionThis is the first study to compare PEMF and CMF bone growth stimulators in patients with degenerative pathologies who underwent thoracolumbar spinal fusions. Overall, the addition of these bone growth stimulators does not improve fusion outcomes, although CMF appears superior to PEMF.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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We present a case of a 51 ‐year‐old Japanese woman diagnosed with eosinophilic granulomatous polyangiitis (EGPA), a rare vasculitis that can occur in patients with eosinophilia and history of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and sinusitis, with immunoglobulin (Ig) G4 hypergammaglobulinaemia and salivary gland swelling. AbstractA 51 ‐year‐old woman was admitted to our hospital for cough, fever, purpura in the legs, and salivary gland swelling. Six years ago, she had been diagnosed with bronchial asthma and was treated with a combination of inhaled corticosteroid and long‐acting beta2‐agonist. Blood examination showed ...
Source: Respirology Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the susceptibility of mandibular growth retardation to IH depends on the growth stage of the rats. PMID: 32219305 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Orthodontics - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Eur J Orthod Source Type: research
ConclusionsRadiography could only aid in assessing the component fit in the anteromedial, medial, and lateral regions of the tibia in patients with residual knee pain following knee arthroplasty, but it was not sufficient in comparison with computed tomography in six other regions.Level of evidenceProspective study, level of evidence II.
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
We report a case where serial follow-up chest computed tomography revealed progression of pulmonary lesions into confluent bilateral consolidation with lower lung predominance, thereby confirming COVID-19 pneumonia. Furthermore, complications such as mediastinal emphysema, giant bulla, and pneumothorax were also observed during the course of the disease. PMID: 32207255 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Korean Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Korean J Radiol Source Type: research
By STEPHEN BORSTELMANN, MD Occasionally, you get handed a question you know little about, but it’s clear you need to know more.  Like most of us these days, I was chatting with my colleagues about the novel coronavirus. It goes by several names: SARS-CoV-2, 2019-nCoV or COVID-19 but I’ll just call it COVID.  Declared a pandemic on March 12, 2020 by the World Health Organization (WHO), COVID is diagnosed by laboratory test – PCR.  The early PCR test used in Wuhan was apparently low sensitivity (30-60%), lengthy to run (days), and in short supply.  As CT scanning was relatively availa...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: COVID-19 Hospitals Medical Practice Physicians coronavirus CT scans Imaging infecton control Pandemic Radiology Stephen Borstelmann Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: We recommend radiography or cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scanning for individual patients judged to require a cross-sectional image after reading of a panoramic X-ray image and a conventional intraoral radiological image. Various steps should be taken to raise awareness of these recommendations among clinicians and the public, and K-CIG should be regularly reviewed and revised. PMID: 32206620 [PubMed]
Source: Imaging Science in Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Tags: Imaging Sci Dent Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo investigate airway development and airway resistance by computed tomographic three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the bronchial tree in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). We evaluated factors predicting postoperative respiratory complications to provide timely treatment, prevent complications, and improve operative and anesthetic safety.MethodsFrom August 2015 to August 2017, 53 AIS patients with a mean age of 15.4  years (range 10–20 years) were included in this study. Scoliotic parameters on radiographs were analyzed. Airway resistance was obtained by pulmonary func...
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review discusses imaging modalities for fracture repair assessment, with an emphasis on pragmatic clinical and translational use, best practices for implementation, and challenges and opportunities for continuing research.Recent FindingsSemiquantitative radiographic union scoring remains the clinical gold standard, but has questionable reliability as a surrogate indicator of structural bone healing, particularly in early-stage, complex, or compromised healing scenarios. Alternatively, computed tomography (CT) scanning enables quantitative assessment of callus morphometry and mechanics through ...
Source: Current Osteoporosis Reports - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Excessive overscanning was due to inconsistent technique in capturing CT-KUB scans. Before this audit, the superior limit of CT-KUB scans had not been formally clarified at our trust. By successfully standardising the process with a reproducible method, the overscan target was comfortably met. Therefore, patient dose was minimised without compromising scan quality. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: This audit has successfully shown a feasible standardised protocol for CT-KUB investigations which can be used to minimise overscanning of patients. PMID: 32208971 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Br J Radiol Source Type: research
Authors: Sun JM, Wang C, Jin DQ, Deng F Abstract Congenital tuberculosis (TB) is rare and the prognosis is poor if not detected early. The diagnosis is often delayed owing to non-specific clinical presentation, misdiagnosis and undiagnosed maternal TB during pregnancy. A 12-day-old girl presented with a 5-day history of fever, cough, poor feeding and respiratory distress. Her mother had a cough and fever at 30 weeks gestation which was managed empirically as community-acquired pneumonia without a TB workup. Immediately postpartum, her mother developed a high fever and shortness of breath and required admission...
Source: Paediatrics and international child health - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Paediatr Int Child Health Source Type: research
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