The Impacts of Prognostic Awareness on Mood and Quality of Life Among Patients With Advanced Cancer.

CONCLUSION: Accurate prognostic awareness may pose harm and may provide no additional benefits in terms of QoL and mood among patients with advanced cancer for a short period of time. PMID: 32052654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Tags: Am J Hosp Palliat Care Source Type: research

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Buprenorphine is widely used as a treatment for patients with opioid use disorders, but has also been shown to be an effective treatment for cancer and neuropathic pain, with unique pharmacologic properties that give it several advantages over traditional opioids. Buprenorphine is associated with less analgesic tolerance, and is less likely to cause respiratory depression and constipation than other opioids. Buprenorphine also does not cause immunosuppression, sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, or hypogonadism like traditional opioids.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
This article reviews the role of analgesic drugs with a particular emphasis on opioids. Opioids are the oldest and most potent drugs for the treatment of severe pain, but they are burdened by detrimental side effects such as respiratory depression, addiction, sedation, nausea, and constipation. Their clinical application is undisputed in acute (e.g., perioperative) and cancer pain, but their long-term use in chronic pain has met increasing scrutiny and has contributed to the current opioid crisis. We discuss epidemiological data, pharmacological principles, clinical applications, and research strategies aiming at novel opi...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Abstract There is unmet need to design an analgesic with fewer side effects for severe pain management. Although traditional opioids are the most effective painkillers, they are accompanied by severe adverse responses, such as respiratory depression, constipation symptoms, tolerance, withdrawal, and addiction. We indicated BPR1M97 as a dual mu opioid receptor (MOP)/nociceptin-orphanin FQ peptide (NOP) receptor full agonist and investigated the pharmacology of BPR1M97 in multiple animal models. In vitro studies on BPR1M97 were assessed using cyclic-adenosine monophosphate production, β-arrestin, internalizatio...
Source: Neuropharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Neuropharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Das P, Naing NN, Wan-Arfah N, Naing Noor Jan KO, Kueh YC, Rasalingam K Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate association between major depressive disorder (MDD) and quality of life in patients with neurological disorder. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at a Malaysian hospital between April 2016 and December 2016 using convenience sampling. Patients aged ≥18 years with intracranial tumour or other brain disorders were invited to participate. Quality of life was assessed using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life questionnaire version 3.0; dia...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The epidemic of opioid misuse has shown that there is a lack of fundamental knowledge about the characteristics and management of chronic pain, that conflicts of interest and validity of models must be more intensively considered in the context of drug development and that novel analgesics with less addictive potential are urgently needed. Currently, the most promising perspectives appear to be augmenting endogenous opioid actions and the selective activation of peripheral opioid receptors. PMID: 31222410 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Schmerz - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Schmerz Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionSublingual fentanyl tablets (SFTs) have been shown to be a safe and effective option in controlling breakthrough cancer pain (BTcP). However, further examination is required to investigate the use of SFTs among the elderly. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of age in BTcP management with SFTs in the elderly population.MethodsWe performed subgroup analyses of a recently completed trial in two subsets of individuals: patients aged 65 –74 years (low age group) and patients ≥ 75 years (high age group). Pain intensity (PI), onset of pain relief, frequency and...
Source: Drugs in R&D - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
By just engaging in the basic strategies in the Wheat Belly Total Health, Wheat Belly 10-Day Grain Detox, or Undoctored programs, many mild cases of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, SIBO, reverse. These efforts thereby restore your ability to ingest prebiotic fibers without diarrhea, bloating, gas, abdominal discomfort, joint pain, and dark emotional feelings. Many people thereby are relieved of irritable bowel syndrome symptoms, fibromyalgia, or restless leg syndrome, or have greater power in reversing autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis. Unfortunately, not everybody enjoys reversal of SIBO with our b...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: SIBO grain-free probiotic undoctored wheat belly Source Type: blogs
Karin Meissner1,2*, Nicola Talsky1, Elisabeth Olliges1,2, Carmen Jacob1,3,4, Oliver J. Stötzer5, Christoph Salat5, Michael Braun6 and Raluca Flondor1 1Institute of Medical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany 2Division of Health Promotion, Coburg University of Applied Sciences, Coburg, Germany 3Clinical Neurosciences, Clinical and Experimental Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom 4Wessex Neurological Centre, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, United Kingdom 5Haematology and Oncology, Outpatient Cancer Ca...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
How Bad Is Fentanyl? Fentanyl is an extremely dangerous synthetic opioid. Unlike some other opioids that occur naturally, it is man-made for the purpose of helping aid people suffering from extreme pain. It can be administered for recovery after surgery, during cancer treatments or for recovery after a painful injury. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) classifies fentanyl as a Schedule II controlled substance. This means that it is legal for medical use, however, it has an extremely high potential for abuse and addiction. Understanding Fentanyl Significantly stronger than morphine or oxycodone, Fentanyl can be fatal...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction to Pharmaceuticals Drug Rehab Information Drug Treatment Heroin Painkiller Substance Abuse Synthetic fentanyl prescription drug abuse prescription drug addiction prescription drug detox prescription drug use p Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: The epidemic of opioid misuse has shown that there is a lack of fundamental knowledge about the characteristics and management of chronic pain, that conflicts of interest and validity of models must be more intensively considered in the context of drug development and that novel analgesics with less addictive potential are urgently needed. Currently, the most promising perspectives appear to be augmenting endogenous opioid actions and the selective activation of peripheral opioid receptors. PMID: 30645691 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Anaesthesist - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anaesthesist Source Type: research
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