Racial disparities in uterine and ovarian carcinosarcoma: A population-based analysis of treatment and survival.

Racial disparities in uterine and ovarian carcinosarcoma: A population-based analysis of treatment and survival. Gynecol Oncol. 2020 Feb 03;: Authors: Rojas C, Tian C, Powell MA, Chan JK, Bateman NW, Conrads TP, Rocconi RP, Jones NL, Shriver CD, Hamilton CA, Maxwell GL, Casablanca Y, Darcy KM Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate racial disparities in uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) and ovarian carcinosarcoma (OCS) in Commission on Cancer®-accredited facilities. METHODS: Non-Hispanic Black (NHB) and non-Hispanic White (NHW) women in the National Cancer Database diagnosed with stage I-IV UCS or OCS between 2004 and 2014 were eligible. Differences by disease site or race were compared using Chi-square test and multivariate Cox analysis. RESULTS: There were 2830 NHBs and 7366 NHWs with UCS, and 280 NHBs and 2586 NHWs with OCS. Diagnosis of UCS was more common in NHBs (11.5%) vs. NHWs (3.7%) and increased with age (P 
Source: Gynecologic Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Gynecol Oncol Source Type: research

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Abstract Gynaecologic and breast cancers share some similarities at the molecular level. The aims of our study are to highlight the similarities and differences about IDO1, an important immune-related gene in female cancers. The NGS data from TCGA of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CESC), ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma (OV), uterine corpus endometrial carcinoma (UCEC), uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) and breast invasive carcinoma (BRCA) were analysed to identify molecular features, and clinically significant and potential therapeutic targets of IDO1. We found IDO1 was significantly up-regulated in four gynaecolo...
Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
In this study, we assessed the immunohistochemical expression of c-KIT and KIT mutational status, in a series of 13 mesonephric neoplasms (5 cervical [including 2 cervical carcinosarcomas], 3 uterine corpora, 4 ovarian, and 1 vaginal/pelvic). The intensity of staining and proportion of cells showing cytoplasmic/membranous staining for c-KIT were recorded. KIT was sequenced using a next-generation sequencing panel that targeted 120 hotspots and 17 exons in 33 known actionable cancer genes. This panel included KIT exons 9, 11, and 13, and 6 hotspots (T670, D816, D820, N822, Y823, A829). Although c-KIT immunohistochemical exp...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Authors: Lopez S, Perrone E, Bellone S, Bonazzoli E, Zeybek B, Han C, Tymon-Rosario J, Altwerger G, Menderes G, Bianchi A, Zammataro L, Manzano A, Manara P, Ratner E, Silasi DA, Huang GS, Azodi M, Schwartz PE, Raspagliesi F, Angioli R, Buza N, Hui P, Bond HM, Santin AD Abstract Background: Uterine and ovarian carcinosarcomas (CS) are rare cancers with poor prognosis. Sacituzumab-govitecan (SG) is a new class of antibody-drug-conjugate (ADC) targeting the human-trophoblast-cell-surface marker (Trop-2) conjugated with the active metabolite of irinotecan (SN-38). We evaluated the efficacy of SG against biologically ag...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
ConclusionHerein, we describe distinct DNA methylation signatures in uterine neoplasms and show that array-based DNA methylation analysis holds promise as an ancillary tool to further characterize uterine neoplasms, especially in cases which are diagnostically challenging by conventional techniques.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Herein, we describe distinct DNA methylation signatures in uterine neoplasms and show that array-based DNA methylation analysis holds promise as an ancillary tool to further characterize uterine neoplasms, especially in cases which are diagnostically challenging by conventional techniques. PMID: 31768620 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Methods of Information in Medicine - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: J Cancer Res Clin Oncol Source Type: research
Clara Degos1, Mellie Heinemann2, Julien Barrou2, Nicolas Boucherit1, Eric Lambaudie2, Ariel Savina3†, Laurent Gorvel1* and Daniel Olive1* 1Tumor Immunology Team, IBISA Immunomonitoring Platform, Cancer Research Center of Marseillle, INSERM U1068, CNRS U7258, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France 2Department of Surgical Oncology 2, CNRS, INSERM, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, CRCM, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France 3Institut Roche, Boulogne Billancourt, France Endometrial Cancer is the most common cancer in the female genital tract in developed countries, and with its ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Mutational signatures provide insights into the biological processes shaping tumor genomes and may inform patient therapy. We sought to define the mutational signatures of i) endometrioid and serous endometrial carcinomas (ECs), stratified into the four molecular subtypes, ii) uterine carcinosarcomas, and iii) matched primary and metastatic ECs. METHODS: Whole-exome sequencing MC3 data from primary endometrioid and serous carcinomas (n = 232) and uterine carcinosarcomas (n = 57) from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and matched primary and metastatic ECs (n = 61, 26 patients) we...
Source: Gynecologic Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Gynecol Oncol Source Type: research
Transcriptional repression of ubiquitin B (UBB) is a cancer-subtype-specific alteration that occurs in a substantial population of patients with cancers of the female reproductive tract. UBB is 1 of 2 genes encoding for ubiquitin as a polyprotein consisting of multiple copies of ubiquitin monomers. Silencing of UBB reduces cellular UBB levels and results in an exquisite dependence on ubiquitin C (UBC), the second polyubiquitin gene. UBB is repressed in approximately 30% of high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) patients and is a recurrent lesion in uterine carcinosarcoma and endometrial carcinoma. We identified ovarian t...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Purpose: Carcinosarcomas (CS) are highly aggressive gynecologic malignancies containing both carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements with heterogeneous HER2/neu expression. We compared the efficacy of SYD985, (Synthon Biopharmaceuticals BV), a novel HER2-targeting antibody-drug conjugate (ADC), to Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1, Genentech-Roche) against primary uterine and ovarian CS. Experimental Design: Eight primary CS cell lines were evaluated for HER2/neu surface expression by IHC and gene amplification by FISH assays. The in vitro experiments included cytotoxicity, antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxic...
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
Conclusions: Women with synchronous primary endometrial and ovarian cancers are young, nulliparous, obese, and premenopausal and have a favorable overall prognosis. Grade 3 disease at both sites and presence of lymphovascular space invasion are independent prognostic factors for recurrence and survival, respectively.
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Uterine Cancer Source Type: research
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