Gender Differences in the Pattern of Socio-Demographics Relevant to Metabolic Syndrome Among Kenyan Adults with Central Obesity at a Mission Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya

AbstractIntroductionMetabolic syndrome (MetS) is a risk factor for cardiovascular-related morbidity and mortality. Although the risk factors for MetS are well documented, differences in gender-based demographics among Kenyan adults with central obesity are lacking.AimDetermine gender differences in the pattern of socio-demographics relevant to metabolic syndrome among Kenyan adults with central obesity at a mission hospital, Nairobi.MethodsA cross-sectional baseline survey involving adults (N  = 404) with central obesity aged 18–64 years, as part of a community-based lifestyle intervention study. Respondents were systematically sampled using the International Diabetes Federation definition for MetS. Lifestyle characteristics, anthropometric, clinical and biochemical markers were m easured and analyzed using SPSS.ResultsHigh (87.2%) MetS prevalence associated with advanced age in males (p  
Source: High Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Prevention - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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L, Estruch R, Lapetra J, Pintó X, Tur JA, Garcia-Rios A, García Molina L, Gaforio JJ, Matía-Martín P, Daimiel L, Martín Sánchez V, Vidal J, Prieto L, Ros E, Goñi N, Babio N, Ortega-Azorin C, Castañer O, Konieczna J, Notario Barandiaran L, Vaquero-Luna J, Benavente-Marín JC, Zulet MA, Sanchez-Villegas A, Sacanella E, Gómez Huelgas R, Miró-Moriano L, Gimenez-Gracia M, Julibert A, Razquin C, Basora J, Portolés O, Goday A, Galmés-Panadés AM, López-García CM, Moreno-Rodriguez A, Toledo E, Díaz-López A, ...
Source: Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research
Metabolic syndrome is an important public health issue and is associated with a more affluent lifestyle. Many studies of metabolic syndrome have been reported, but its pathogenesis remains unclear and there is no effective treatment. The ability of natural compounds to ameliorate metabolic syndrome is currently under investigation. Unlike synthetic chemicals, such natural products have proven utility in various fields. Recently, ginsenoside extracted from ginseng and ginseng root are representative examples. For example, ginseng is used in dietary supplements and cosmetics. In addition, various studies have reported the ef...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT: Introduction: In high-income countries, persons of high socioeconomic status (SES) have a lower cardiovascular risk. However, in middle and low-income countries, the results are controversial. Objective: To evaluate the association between family income and cardiovascular risk factors in young adults. Methods: A total of 2,063 individuals of a birth cohort initiated in 1978/79 in the city of Ribeir ão Preto, Brazil, were evaluated at age of 23/25 years. Cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, high low-density lipoprotein (LDL)...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Dietary fructose plays a critical role in the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS), a metabolic disorder defined by the presence of dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hypertension, and visceral obesity [1]. Hypertriglyceridemia is a critical component of the MetS and contributes to the development and worsening of other MetS components like insulin resistance [2]. Hypertriglyceridemia increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases [3]. Fructose consumption elevates the circulatory triglyceride levels in both human subjects and animal models [4, 5].
Source: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Original research article Source Type: research
ConclusionBoth smoking and BMI are strong risk factors for ED and affect response to ICI and penile duplex parameters (PSV, EDV, RI). Smoking and BMI together cause more deterioration of penile duplex parameters and response to ICI. The effect of smoking on EDV and RI was more than BMI. The effect of BMI on PSV, response to ICI and testosterone levels was more than smoking.
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsPatients with CMS were more likely to present with increased comorbidities. Patients with CMS undergoing CABG were at risk for worse short ‐term secondary postoperative outcomes and reduced long‐term survival. The data supports the need for further investigation for risk reduction surrounding operative revascularization.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: long time spent in SB, mainly sitting and TV time, was positively associated with the occurrence of CMD and related biomarkers in South American adults. PMID: 32054279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nutricion Hospitalaria - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Nutr Hosp Source Type: research
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are worldwide public health problems, affecting up to 25 –30% (NAFLD), and up to 10–15% (CKD) of the general population. Recently, it has also been established that there is a strong association between NAFLD and CKD, regardless of the presence of potential confounding diseases such as obesity, hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Since NAFLD and CKD are both common diseases that often occur alongside other metabolic conditions, such as type 2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome, elucidating the relative impact of NAFLD on the risk of incident C...
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The data obtained in our study show that NAFLD is not associated to overall mortality in the elderly population. PMID: 32008226 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a pathologic condition that encompasses dyslipidaemia, abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, and hypertension [1] and is strongly linked to increasing incidence of chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [2 –4]. The global epidemic of MetS underscores the vital need for more attention to be paid to the prevention and treatment MetS by controlling lifestyles and environmental factors such as manipulation of macro- and micronutrients in dietary patterns, including branch chain amino acids ...
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
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