Development of mutant human immunoreactive trypsinogen 1 (IRT1) and mutant human immunoreactive trypsinogen 2 (IRT2) for use in immunoassays

In this study, it is aimed to restrain its proteolytic activity with K23D mutation, which changes lysine (K) residue at the 23rd position to aspartic acid (D). Because we wanted to produce a hassle-free human recombinant immune reactive trypsinogen proenzyme which has similar antigenic properties with the native form. It is also aimed that the mutant IRTs do not exhibit proteolytic activity for the development of durable detection kits with a longer shelf life for both two isoforms. The innovation was actualized in order to use IRTs as a standard antigen in Immunoassays such as ELISA kits. The gene was synthesized as mutated and expressed in P. pastoris X-33 strain. The loss of proteolytic activity has been proven with the BAEE test. Antigenic properties of K23D IRTs and the effect of proteolytic inactivation on their performance in immunoassays were assessed with ELISA and Western Blot. In ELISA results K23D mutated IRTs showed higher signals than Wild-Type forms.
Source: Protein Expression and Purification - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

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Authors: Sibanda D, Singleton R, Clark J, Desnoyers C, Hodges E, Day G, Redding G Abstract Recent literature has highlighted the importance of transition from paediatric to adult care for children with chronic conditions. Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis is an important cause of respiratory morbidity in low-income countries and in indigenous children from affluent countries; however, there is little information about adult outcomes of childhood bronchiectasis. We reviewed the clinical course of 31 Alaska Native adults 20-40 years of age from Alaska's Yukon Kuskokwim Delta with childhood bronchiectasis. In pa...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research
Emerging findings indicate there is a vital cross-talk between gut microbiota and the lungs, which is known as gut–lung axis. The gut disturbances in lung diseases including allergy, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis and lung cancer were observed by extensive studies. Investigating how gut microbiota impact other distant organs is of great interest in recent years. Although it has not been fully understood whether the disturbance is the cause or effect of lung diseases, alterations in the gut microbial species and metabolites have been linked to changes in immune responses and inflammatio...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a Gram-negative opportunistic pathogen that can chronically colonize the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis (CF) and is associated with lethal pulmonary hemorrhage in immunocompromised patients. Its secreted virulence factors include the extracellular serine proteases StmPR1, StmPR2, and StmPR3. To explore the impact of secreted virulence determinants on pulmonary mucosal defenses in CF, we examined the secretome of human CFBE41o- bronchial epithelial cells in response to treatment with S. maltophilia K279a cell culture supernatant (CS) using a liquid-chromatography-tandem mass spectrometr...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Patients with Cystic Fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD) have poorer lung function than those who do not have CFRD [1], and their lung function begins to decline several years prior to the development and diagnosis of fulminant diabetes [2]. CFRD is conventionally diagnosed using the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) but even when the OGTT is normal, patients with CF may still demonstrate elevated glucose levels on continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) [3,4]. Using a subcutaneous probe, CGM devices record interstitial fluid glucose levels over several days.
Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur data suggest that fosfomycin has good effect against mucoid and non-mucoid strains of P. aeruginosa and automated systems can be implemented in clinical microbiology laboratories to assess fosfomycin with rapid and reproducible results.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: Fokkens WJ, Lund VJ, Hopkins C, Hellings PW, Kern R, Reitsma S, Toppila-Salmi S, Bernal-Sprekelsen M, Mullol J, Alobid I, Terezinha Anselmo-Lima W, Bachert C, Baroody F, von Buchwald C, Cervin A, Cohen N, Constantinidis J, De Gabory L, Desrosiers M, Diamant Z, Douglas RG, Gevaert PH, Hafner A, Harvey RJ, Joos GF, Kalogjera L, Knill A, Kocks JH, Landis BN, Limpens J, Lebeer S, Lourenco O, Matricardi PM, Meco C, O Mahony L, Philpott CM, Ryan D, Schlosser R, Senior B, Smith TL, Teeling T, Tomazic PV, Wang DY, Wang D, Zhang L, Agius AM, Ahlstrom-Emanuelsson C, Alabri R, Albu S, Alhabash S, Aleksic A, Aloulah M, Al-Qud...
Source: Rhinology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Rhinology Source Type: research
Authors: Annoni S, Bellofiore A, Repossini E, Lazzeri M, Nicolini A, Tarsia P Abstract Respiratory physiotherapy and rehabilitation are important therapeutic options in non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB). The aims of this review of clinical trials were to evaluate the safety and the effects on physiologic and clinical outcomes of airway clearance techniques (ACTs) and rehabilitation in NCFB patients, in comparison to usual care. The search was performed on March 2018 by using PubMed and PeDro databases. 33 studies were selected. The use of ACTs for NCFB were effective in increasing sputum volume although no ...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
Condition:   Cystic Fibrosis Interventions:   Drug: CB-280;   Drug: Placebos Sponsor:   Calithera Biosciences, Inc Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
A heterogeneous liver pattern could indicate a higher risk for advanced cystic fibrosis liver disease
Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Family Medicine, Gastroenterology, Pathology, Pediatrics, Pulmonology, Radiology, Journal, Source Type: news
Pf bacteriophage are temperate phages that infect the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a major cause of chronic lung infections in cystic fibrosis (CF) and other settings. Pf and other temperate phages have evolved complex, mutualistic relationships with their bacterial hosts that impact both bacterial phenotypes and chronic infection. We and others have reported that Pf phages are a virulence factor that promote the pathogenesis of P. aeruginosa infections in animal models and are associated with worse skin and lung infections in humans. Here we review the biology of Pf phage and what is known about its contributions to ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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