Blake ʼs Pouch Cysts and Differential Diagnoses in Prenatal and Postnatal MRI

ConclusionThe accurate diagnosis of isolated BPC is not always straightforward, which is especially critical in the context of fetomaternal medicine. A  detailed description of posterior fossa malformations is to be preferred over unspecific terminology.
Source: Clinical Neuroradiology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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In conclusionThis case reported a RGNT originated in the aqueduct of Sylvius associated with hydrocephalus. Although various surgical techniques have been used to treat an aqueductal RGNT, we showed that endoscopic third ventriculostomy with tumor biopsy may be an effective therapeutic option.
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
We report a hereditary leukodystrophy in Standard Schnauzer puppies. Clinical signs occurred shortly after birth or started at an age of under 4 weeks and included apathy, dysphoric vocalization, hypermetric ataxia, intension tremor, head tilt, circling, proprioceptive deficits, seizures and ventr al strabismus consistent with a diffuse intracranial lesion. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a diffuse white matter disease without mass effect. Macroscopically, the cerebral white matter showed a gelatinous texture in thecentrum semiovale. A mild hydrocephalus internus was noted. Histopathologically, a severe multifocal redu...
Source: PLoS Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsCerebellitis is a medical and surgical emergency; diagnosis requires a high level of suspicion and an emergency brain magnetic resonance imaging study. It is a clinical-radiological syndrome characterised by acute or subacute encephalopathy with intracranial hypertension and cerebellar syndrome associated with T2-weighted and FLAIR hyperintensities in the cerebellar cortex (unilaterally or bilaterally) and possible triventricular dilatation. Treatment is based on high-dose corticosteroids and may require external ventricular drain placement and decompressive surgery.ResumenIntroducciónLa cerebelitis aguda...
Source: Neurologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion Reconsidering the reported cases surgical treatment followed by radiation increases the length of survival. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Three days after the surgery, magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a gross total resection and adequate third ventriculostomy flow. One year after the surgery, the patient was asymptomatic. Neuroendoscopy has evolved towards minimally invasiveness, and in selected cases is an equally effective surgical approach to ventricular lesions. It provides minimal cerebral cortex disruption and vascular manipulation. PMID: 29026673 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
Discussion Hydrocephalus is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles and/or subarachnoid spaces. External hydrocephalus is a communicating hydrocephalus often defined as the patient having a rapidly enlarging head circumference (HC) and enlargement of the subarachnoid spaces especially over the frontal lobes with normal or moderately enlarged ventricles. Benign external hydrocephalus (BEH) is a self-limited external hydrocephalus that occurs during infancy and resolves spontaneously in childhood, usually by age 2 years, that is felt to not cause significant problems. It was first described by...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
CONCLUSION:To the best of our knowledge, there are 18 prior reported cases in the literature of infratentorial PXA and 4 reports of such cases occurring in individuals with NF1. These lesions present similarly to dysplastic tumor types, and should be considered as a rare etiology of NF1 associated cerebellar masses.
Source: Neuro-Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: RARE TUMORS Source Type: research
Authors: White ME, Hunt J, Connell C, Langdon K Abstract CONTEXT: Melioidosis is a rare condition, endemic to northern Australia and south-east Asia, caused by an infection from the bacteria Burkholderia pseudomallei. The largest epidemiological review to date describes 540 cases of melioidosis seen at Darwin Hospital, in northern Australia, over a 20-year period. Of these, 14 (less than 3%) presented with neurological manifestation, with three deaths. Reports of paediatric cases of melioidosis are rarer. In a review of paediatric cases in northern Australia only eight cases were identified in 10 years. Three of th...
Source: Rural and Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Tags: Rural Remote Health Source Type: research
Conclusions The characteristics of epidermoid cysts make them amenable to whole course neuroendoscopic resection. Use of physiologic/pathologic interspaces and neuroendoscopic angulations decreases traction on the brain, improves complete resection rates, and decreases postoperative complications.[...]Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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