Do Body Mass Index and Breast Density Impact Cancer Risk Among Women with Lobular Carcinoma In Situ?

ConclusionsBreast cancer risk among women with LCIS is impacted by breast density. These results aid in personalizing risk assessment among women with LCIS and highlight the importance of chemoprevention counseling for risk reduction.
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Authors: Cao M, Zhou M, Zhang J Abstract Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) beyond second line treatment have a poor prognosis. Regorafenib, TAS-102, fruquintinib, panitumumab and cetuximab are recommended single-agent chemotherapy regimens for patients exhibiting disease progression, this meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of these regimens in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Eight RCTs with 3,832 cancer patients were included. Results showed that there was no significant difference in OS and PFS among the four drugs when comparing all patients or patients who have the KRAS ...
Source: Journal of Chemotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Chemother Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The best of our knowledge it is the third description of brachial plexus schwannoma associated with breast cancer and the first with a synchronous association. The knowledge of this pathology and its potential to alter treatment justify the reporting of the present case. PMID: 32083563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Breast Disease - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Breast Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Caixàs A, Villaró M, Arraiza C, Montalvá JC, Lecube A, Fernández-García JM, Corio R, Bellido D, Llisterri JL, Tinahones FJ Abstract The high prevalence of obesity in our environment, a chronic disease of complex management and responsible for multiple comorbidities, requires the implementation of coordination strategies in clinical care between primary care and specialist hospital units. In a cross-sectional care model, primary care physicians guide all therapeutic management related to obesity. Together with them, specialists in endocrinology and nutrition and other heal...
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
In this study, dosimeters were used to measure the testicular dose with and without testicular shielding to verify the effect of shielding. Anthropomorphic phantoms representing a human were used to estimate the doses absorbed in testicular and whole-body studies. The anthropomorphic phantom was irradiated according to the treatment protocol for colorectal cancer. Measurements were made using optically-stimulated luminescent dosimeters (OSLDs), composed of carbon-doped aluminum oxide, with characteristics suitable for radiotherapy dosimetry studies. A set of OSLDs was placed on a testicular phantom, attached to the lower e...
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Computational and Structural Biotechnology JournalAuthor(s): Abhijit Dasgupta, Gautam K. Bandyopadhyay, Indrani Ray, Keya Bandyopadhyay, Nirmalya Chowdhury, Rajat K. De, Sushil K. MahataAbstractObesity is characterized by a state of chronic, unresolved inflammation in insulin-targeted tissues. Obesity-induced inflammation causes accumulation of proinflammatory macrophages in adipose tissue and liver. Proinflammatory cytokines released from tissue macrophages inhibits insulin sensitivity. Obesity also leads to inflammation-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress a...
Source: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Cytokine-induced killer cell immunotherapy combined with first-line chemotherapy could significantly improve the OS and PFS of patients with mCRC, particularly for patients with metastatic colon cancer. PMID: 32076550 [PubMed]
Source: Clinical Colorectal Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Transl Immunology Source Type: research
Authors: Herold A Abstract Hemorrhoidal disease is one of the most common illnesses in industrialized nations. Up to 70% of adults suffer from the disease once in their lifetime. This underlines the necessity and importance of knowing about the differential diagnosis of hemorrhoids. One can differentiate between differential diagnoses of symptoms (bleeding, pain, itching, tumor) and differential diagnoses of the phenotype findings (anal prolapse, mucosal prolapse and rectal prolapse, skin tags, hypertrophied anal papillae, condylomata acuminata, anal fissure, perianal venous thrombosis, anal cancer). PMID: 3207...
Source: Der Hautarzt: Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete - Category: Dermatology Tags: Hautarzt Source Type: research
Authors: Hessam S, Bechara FG Abstract Hidradenitis suppurativa/acne inversa (HS/AI) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Several studies showed that perianal, perineal and gluteal involvement is more common in men. Axillary, submammary and inguinal localizations seem to be more prevalent in women. Involvement of the genitoanal region is associated with a higher reduced quality of live and sexual health compared to other locations. Moreover HS/AI in the genitoanal region can lead to serious complications. The knowledge of perianal fistula formation, pubogenital lymphedema and squamous cell carcinoma, w...
Source: Der Hautarzt: Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete - Category: Dermatology Tags: Hautarzt Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Maryam Ezzati, Bahman Yousefi, Kobra Velaei, Amin SafaAbstractBreast cancer is one of the well-known malignant tumors among women. In spite of attempts to classifying breast cancer according to its histological and molecular properties, it is almost considered as a dilemma in treatment. Nowadays, public and medical attentions have primary focused on foods with anti-cancer properties to alleviate the cancer problems. Flavonoid components such as Quercetin (Qu) as dietary substances with high attention of ordinary people might provide potentia...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Ning Zhou, Xiao-Bing Zhang, Cheng Chen, Xin-Yu Chen, Bo Kang, Jian-Qin He, Guo-Zhong Gong, Ying-Jie Wang, Yan-Wen ZhouAbstractAimsTo compare how OCT4A proteins interact with and regulate multiple OCT4A-octamer motifs (OMs) in different regions of the FOS gene expressed in somatic cancer cells versus pluripotent stem cells.Materials and methodsTwo FOS reporter gene systems harboring predicted OMs or their mutational counterparts were introduced into HeLa and NCCIT cells with varying OCT4A protein levels. The transcription of dsGFP reflecting ...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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