Measles surveillance activities in the Metropolitan Area of Milan during 2017-2018.

ConclusionsA well done investigation of cases and outbreaks by the surveillance local system, in a timely manner, in order notify and investigate suspected cases and to laboratory confirm or discard cases is fundamental to reduce morbidity, to prevent further virus transmission and to achieve measles elimination.
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Related Links:

Amer J Perinatol DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1697670In 2000, the United States had effectively eliminated endemic measles. Unfortunately, due to misinformation and non-scientific based concerns, the rate of measles vaccination has declined. The United States is in the midst of its largest outbreak of measles since 2014, with 1,095 confirmed cases as of June 2019. The reasons for the re-emergence of measles and what this epidemic illustrates about the anti-vaccine culture in the United States are explored in this article. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table ...
Source: American Journal of Perinatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
t N Abstract Switzerland is aiming to eliminate measles, in line with the objectives of the World Health Organization (WHO). Physicians, laboratories and public health authorities have made great efforts to reach this goal. A continually increasing measles vaccination coverage and other preventive measures have made an impact: no major measles outbreak has been recorded since 2011. In order to evaluate progress towards elimination, measles epidemiology of a previous epidemic period (2007–2011) was compared with the current post-epidemic period (2012–July 2018) by analysis of data from the mandatory not...
Source: Swiss Medical Weekly - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Swiss Med Wkly Source Type: research
Globally, between 2016 and 2017, the number of reported measles cases increased by 31%, while in the WHO Western Pacific Region (WPR), the total number of cases reported decreased by 82% during the same period. However, there was an increase in cases reported in WPR, from 11 118 in 2017 to 26 163 cases in 2018. A resurgence of measles cases has been seen in all WHO Regions. An unusually high number of cases reported from countries and areas of the WPR in 2019 have been reported from: 1) several countries/areas where measles has been eliminated due to importation-related outbreaks; and 2) endemic countries such as the Phili...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news
A young boy in Pakistan receives an oral polio vaccine (OPV). Over the last 30 years huge progress has been made against polio and it is now only endemic in 2 countries, Afghanistan and Pakistan, with only 33 cases confirmed cases last year. Credit: Ashfaq Yusufzai/IPSBy Tharanga YakupitiyageUNITED NATIONS, May 1 2019 (IPS) Since the introduction of vaccines, diseases such as measles and polio were quickly becoming a thing of the past. However, the world’s progress on immunisation is now being threatened. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), 85 percent of the world’s children received basic va...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Featured Global Headlines Health IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse North America Population Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations diptheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) human papillomavirus (HPV) Measles Vaccines World Health Organ Source Type: news
Mark K. Slifka1* and Ian J. Amanna2 1Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health &Science University, Beaverton, OR, United States2Najít Technologies, Inc., Beaverton, OR, United States Vaccines play a vital role in protecting our communities against infectious disease. Unfortunately, some vaccines provide only partial protection or in some cases vaccine-mediated immunity may wane rapidly, resulting in either increased susceptibility to that disease or a requirement for more booster vaccinations in order to maintain immunity above a protective level. The durability of a...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe spread of measles between September 2016 and July 2018 in Italy indicates the need to improve VC and to explore further how societal and other parameters might be linked to incidence. PMID: 31039836 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Euro Surveill - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research
Abstract In the Netherlands there has been nationwide vaccination against the measles since 1977. However, a tight-knit community of a few hundred thousand orthodox protestants in the "Dutch Bible Belt" refuses the vaccine. Within this community of orthodox protestants there has been an outbreak of the measles with roughly 2500 reported cases about every twelve years. Each outbreak has lasted about a year. The community of orthodox protestants is too small to permanently keep the virus in circulation and have the infection be endemic. The dynamics in orthodox-protestant schools has been widely recognized...
Source: Biosystems - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Biosystems Source Type: research
Nogueira PJ Abstract In Portugal, measles vaccination coverage and population immunity are high, and no endemic measles cases had been reported since 2004. The World Health Organization classified measles as eliminated in the country in 2015 and 2016, based on data from the previous 3 years. However, in a context of increasing incidence in several European countries in 2016 and 2017, Portugal experienced two simultaneous measles outbreaks with a total of 27 laboratory-confirmed cases (0.3 cases/100,000 population) in two health regions between February and May 2017. Nineteen cases (70.1%) were adults, of whom 12 w...
Source: Euro Surveill - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research
AbstractMeasles outbreaks were recently reported in Europe due to low immunization rates. In this scenario, identifying the reasons of no vaccination is crucial to set up strategies to improve immunization rate. A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the determinants of missed vaccination in children living in Southern Italy, during the 2016 outbreak. A standardized face-to-face questionnaire was used to record demographic data, immunization status, and reasons for missed vaccination. A total of 1141 children (median age 86  months, male 47.2%) was enrolled, 77.8% of the children were adequately vaccinat...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Imported measles outbreaks starting with travelers have been successively observed in Japan and non-endemic countries despite a global effort towards measles elimination [1,2]. The Japanese government has been strongly promoting overseas study for young generations including those who were not born and raised in the era of two-dose MR vaccination policy in Japan. Specifically, those aged 19 –28 years (as of 2018) seem to have received a second-dose measles-containing vaccine as target populations for the governmental MR catch-up vaccination campaign [3]; however, vaccination coverage of the campaign did not reach an ...
Source: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Endemics | International Medicine & Public Health | Italy Health | Laboratory Medicine | Measles | Measles Vaccine | Outbreaks | Study | Vaccines