Changing epidemiology of SARS-CoV in the context of COVID-19 pandemic
This study is also an endeavor to review and analyze the gradual changes of the genetic makeup of SARS CoV fr om evolutionary and epidemiological perspectives. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - July 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Probal Basu Source Type: research

Invasive Meningococcal Disease in Italy: from the analysis of national data to an evidence-based vaccination strategy.
Conclusions: In the period from 2011 to 2017, the incidence of IMDs increased in Italy. The increase, although probably due to better surveillance, highlights the high level of circulation of non-B serogroups and the importance of the disease in the adult population. Our analysis supports an anti-meningococcal vaccination plan in Italy that should include the highest number of preventable serogroups and be aimed at vaccinating the whole population through a multicohort strategy. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - June 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sarah Igidbashian, Lorenzo Bertizzolo, Alessia Tognetto, Chiara Azzari, Paolo Bonanni, Paolo Castiglia, Michele Conversano, Susanna Esposito, Giovanni Gabutti, Giancarlo Icardi, Pier Luigi Lopalco, Francesco Vitale, Salvatore Parisi, Giovanni Checcucci Li Source Type: research

Paediatric activities and adherence to vaccinations during the COVID-19 epidemic period in Tuscany, Italy: a survey for paediatricians
Discussion and conclusions:Although the majority of Tuscan paediatricians guaranteed vaccination practice during the lockdown, some parents decided to postpone the scheduled vaccinations for their children, mainly due to fears concerning the safety of access to health services. When Italian immunization coverage data of the first months of 2020 will be available, it will be possible to definitely assess the real impact of COVID-19 pandemic on paediatric vaccination. It is crucial to continue vaccinating against preventable infectious diseases in order to avoid other possible epidemics.  The pandemic must not be seen a...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - June 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Angela Bechini, Giuseppe Garamella, Barbara Giammarco, Beatrice Zanella, Valdo Flori, Paolo Bonanni, Sara Boccalini Source Type: research

Malaria Prevalence and its Sociodemographic Determinants in Febrile Children- a Hospital-based Study in a Developing Community in South-east Nigeria.
Background: Malaria remains one of the major contributors of child mortality in many developing countries in Africa. Identifying its determinants will help prevention and prompt intervention in these settings.Methods:This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted over an eight-month period on 382 children who presented with fever to the children outpatient and emergency units of a tertiary hospital in South-east Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was used to collect information on socio-demographic factors. Blood film microscopy for malaria and parasite density was done on all subjects that tested positive for malar...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - May 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ezinne Ifenyinwa Nwaneli, Ifeoma Egbuonu, Joy C Ebenebe, Chidi Donald Osuorah, Chisom Adaobi Nri-ezedi, Ogochukwu Chioma Ofiaeli Source Type: research

Risk factors for voice disorders in public school teachers in Cyprus
Conclusions: Health, voice use, lifestyle, and environmental factors may play a part in the development of voice disorders in teachers and have an impact on their job. Therefore, a preventative vocal hygiene education program is suggested. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - May 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kyriaki, Ioannis Phinikettos Source Type: research

Safe Villages during the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic in Spain and Portugal
In this study, we have identified various small villages which were not affected at all by the Spanish influenza pandemic. These all shared a number of features in common: their villages were very small, comprising only a few hundred inhabitants; they were located in mountainous regions, with very poor transport infrastructure; and they were self-sufficient and capable of fulfilling their basic alimentary needs. Their inhabitants were conscious of the problem and acted together, effectively isolating themselves from surrounding villages. Since these villagers managed to avoid direct contact with ill people from other munic...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Anton Erkoreka Source Type: research

Efficacy of water filters for dental chair units: assessment of the filtration action versus Coxsackievirus B5
Conclusions: According to the tests, medical devices applied to a dental unit are able to filter viruses and therefore reduce risk of contamination in the dental office. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - May 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Antonio Scarano Source Type: research

Sun-safe behaviours, personal risk, level of concern, and knowledge about cutaneous melanoma in Italy: time for social marketing?
IntroductionThe incidence of cutaneous melanoma is increasing although 80-95% of all deaths caused by melanoma can be avoided through protective behaviours. There is evidence that social marketing as an approach in public health can improve health-related behaviours and encourage sun-safe behaviours. MethodsA multicentre survey was conducted to collect and compare data about cutaneous melanoma risk, knowledge, concern, and protective behaviours across Northern, Central, and Southern Italy, and explore how these data could potentially inform a social marketing intervention to improve sun-safe behaviours. Data were anal...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - May 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Giuseppe Aleo, Annamaria Bagnasco, Emanuele Cozzani, Aurora Parodi, Serafinella Patrizia Cannav ò, Roger Watson, Mark Hayter, Lesley Geddes, Gianluca Catania, Milko Zanini, Loredana Sasso Source Type: research

Effect of integrated Health Promotion Intervention and follow up on Health issues (clothing way, food habits, urinary habits, sexual behavior habits) Related to Urinary Tract Infection Among Pregnant women. A Randomized, Clinical Trial
Introduction: Urinary tract infection, as an important health element is associated with the risk of many problems in pregnancy and support consulting is effective factor in reducing the problem.Aim: of this study is to evaluate the impacts of integrated intervention on life style (clothing way, food habits, urinary habits, sexual behavior habits) Related to Urinary Tract Infection Among Pregnant women.Method: This interventional used pretest- posttest design with the control group study was performed on 130 healthy pregnant women. The samples were divided randomly into two groups of 65 people. The first group received two...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - May 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: katayoun Alidousti Source Type: research

Endoneural abscess of common popliteal nerve as first clinical manifestation of leprosy: the first reported case in history in a low-incidence country.
A migrant from Palestine came to our attention for weakness of dorsiflexion of the left foot and hypoesthesia of the homolateral common peroneal nerve territory. Skin biopsies from skin lesions in the hypoesthetic area were not diagnostic. Radiological investigation showed focal nerve enlargement with a possible focal lesion. At this time, and given the uncertainty of the diagnosis, we had to choose between medical therapy with steroid and a surgical exploration of the nerve. We decided for the latter option. Intraoperatively, we found a focal round enlargement of the nerve. Epineurotomy was performed at that level, reveal...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - May 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Alberto Balestrino, Niccol ò Riccardi, Pietro Fiaschi, Carlo Martinoli, Sergio Gennaro Source Type: research

Diffusion of the Italian social media campaign against smoking on a social network and YouTube
Conclusion The Italian campaign had low diffusion on the web platforms investigated. Evidence-based public health interventions can play a central role in the prevention field but must be based on elements of scientific effectiveness. Further research should analyze the effects of social media campaigns on direct health related outcomes. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - May 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: giuseppe La Torre Source Type: research

Social capital and related factors in Western Iran students
In this study, There were significant associations between social capital with gender, field of study and and marital status.(p
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - May 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Zahed Rezaei, Ghafar Karimianpour, Arman Latifi, Ahmad vahabi, Mona Amani1, Masoud Moradi5 Source Type: research

International epidemiology of liver cancer: geographical distribution, secular trends and predicting the future
This study was conducted with the use of the incidence and mortality cancer data from GLOBOCAN Project in 2012. The Age-Standardized Incidence Rate (ASIR) and Age Standardized Mortality Rate (ASMR) of LC were expressed per 100,000 people. In the current report, we used Pearson correlation method to assess the correlation between ASIR and ASMR. Statistical significance was considered to be P
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - April 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: mehdi mohammadain, Fathemeh ALLAH BAKESHEI, Mehdi EMAMIYANFARD, Hamed KHAKPOUR, Azam SAFARI, Kahdijeh ALLAH BAKESHEI, Atefeh ASTI, Hamid SALEHINIYA, Abdollah MOHAMMADIAN-HAFSHEJANI Source Type: research

Knowledge, attitudes and practices of primary health care providers towards oral health of preschool children in Qatar
Conclusions: Health professionals had a positive attitude towards the anticipatory guidance elements of oral health. However, the knowledge of healthcare professionals on childhood oral health is rather limited. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - April 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Asmaa Alkhtib, Meredith Temple-Smith, Louise Brearley Messer, Marie Pirotta, Michael Morgan, Anand Sajnani Source Type: research

Predictive factors for nutritional behavior among pregnant women attending antenatal care clinic in 6th of October City
Conclusion:Healthy behavior among pregnant women in both group were influenced by their educational level, occupation as well as their pre-gestational BMI. Those were the only three significant predictive factors, where women with higher education showed an active lifestyle. In addition, women starting with normal BMI before pregnancy had better healthy behaviors including the choice of healthy diets. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - April 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Doaa A Nasrallah, Hanan S Ez-Elarab, Mohamed Farouk Allam, Eman A Sultan Source Type: research

The Rationale of the WHO Document on Risk communication and community engagement (RCCE) readiness and response to the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and of the Italian Decalogue for Prevention Departments
Not applicable (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - April 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Claudio Costantino, Daniel Fiacchini Source Type: research

Predictors of the usuage of contraceptive implants among women of reproductive age in Ondo State, Southwest Nigeria.
ConclusionThis study showed the important role of education and health workers in providing information about contraceptive implants. Therefore, health workers ’ knowledge of family planning counseling and services should be constantly upgraded so as to improve their roles in educating, mobilizing, counseling the women regarding contraceptive implant insertion.               (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Olufisayo O. Ojo, Chizoma Ndikom, Peter Alabi Source Type: research

The barriers to the application of strategic purchasing and the role of health policy- and decision-makers: past, current status, ethical aspects and future challenges
Healthcare systems are complex, multi-level, highly integrated organizations, comprising of different professional figures, institutions, and resources. Such breadth and complexity reflect the multi-dimensionality of the concept of health, which implies the adoption of a holistic approach. Health, rather than merely being the absence of disorders or infirmity, is a highly dynamic state, which represents the abilities of an individual to cope with adverse social, physical and emotional/psychological events and conditions, continuously adapting to them. Ensuring an adequate health state is one of the most important concerns,...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Masoud Behzadifar, Meysam Behzadifar, Ahad Bakhtiari, Mariano Martini, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi Source Type: research

The hepatitis C virus in the EMRO Region: health policy, historical, ethical aspects and future challenges
Conclusion:The findings of this study can provide useful information for improving, supporting and developing policy processes. Healthcare providers must address all aspects of the disease by 2030 in order to achieve the goal of HCV elimination. Evidence-based planning, support for up-to-date policies and resource mobilization are needed to achieve this ambitious goal. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Masoud Behzadifar, Samad Azari, Hasan Abolghasem Gorji, Mariano Martini, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi Source Type: research

Strategies for elimination of rubella in pregnancy and of congenital rubella syndrome in high and upper-middle income countries
Rubella infection generally leads to mild symptoms; otherwise, in pregnant women it can cause severe damages. The only way to prevent rubella is vaccine. Before the introduction of the vaccine, up to 4 babies in 1000 live births were born with CRS.This work aims to review the most important strategies for the elimination of CRS in upper and high-income countries.Papers were selected through a PubMed search up to January 2019, using keywordsrubella, congenital rubella syndrome and epidemiology. Articles published in the last 12 years and referred to upper income and high-income countries in title or abstract were included.S...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elisa Terracciano, Fabiana Amadori, Valentina Pettinicchio, Laura Zaratti, Elisabetta Franco Source Type: research

Prevalence Of Catastrophic Health Expenditure Due To Out-Of-Pocket Health Care Expenses Among Households With And Without Chronic Illness In An Urban Area Bangalore, India - A Longitudinal Study
Conclusion:Reducing the financial burden of high health care expenses is possible by improving the government health care system, free quality regular supply of medications to chronic disease patients and also to improve the beneficiaries under insurance schemes.Keywords:Government health care, financial burden, direct costs, (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Swetha N B, Shobha S, Sriram S Source Type: research

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding Diabetic Retinopathy Among Primary Health Care Physicians in Al-Hasa, Saudi Arabia
Conclusion: The present study concluded that there exist gaps in applying the correct guidelines. Physicians'attitudes toward patient education were overall satisfactory. Further medical symposiums and workshops are warranted to teach physicians about diabetic complications and screening schedules, including DR. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ahmad Essa Alhejji, Mohammed Abdullah Alsultan, Mohammed Abdullah AlShareet, Fatimah Ali Alkhamis, Maryam Abdullah AlJaafary, Ali Ibrahim Alshaqaqiq, Mohamed Rached Nabouli, Sayed Ibrahim Ali Source Type: research

The influence of socio-environmental determinants on hypertension. A spatial analysis in Athens metropolitan area, Greece.
Introduction:While epidemiological and pathophysiological aspects of hypertension are still being investigated, there is an increased global interest between hypertension and social health determinants and environmental factors that this study aims to examine.Methods:The sample size used in this work included 2,445 individuals, from Athens metropolitan area, who were randomly enrolled in ATTICA study, during 2001 to 2002. Principal component analysis (PCA), Poisson regression modeling and geographical analysis, based on Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology, were applied.Results:Geographical analysis and thematic...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Antigoni Faka, Christos Chalkias, Emmanuela Magriplis, Ekavi N Georgousopoulou, Anestis Tripitsidis, Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos Source Type: research

Pertussis immunization in healthcare workers: knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of Occupational Physicians. Preliminary results from a web-based survey (2017).
Introduction: The present study aims to characterize knowledge, attitudes and practices in a sample of occupational physicians (OPh) towards pertussis immunization in healthcare workers (HCWs).Material and Methods: A total of 148 OPh (45.9% males, mean age of 40.3 ±13.2 years) compiled a web questionnaire including a knowledge test on Italian recommendations for HCWs, epidemiology and pathology of pertussis infection, being then investigated about risk perceptions and vaccination practices. A General Knowledge Score (GKS) and a Risk Perception Score (RPS) we re calculated. Multivariate odds ratios (OR) for predictor...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Matteo RICCO ' , Luigi Vezzosi, Giovanni Gualerzi, Federica Balzarini Source Type: research

Attitudes and thoughts of medical practitioners towards their profession in the era of financial crisis in Greece
Introduction: The ongoing financial crisis occurring in Greece the last 8 years has affected the income of citizens in the country, their quality of life, as well as social and occupational relationships. Aim of this study assess attitudes towards working conditions and personal life and to explore quality of life, positive or negative attitudes, as well as disorders in sleep, mood, physical condition among doctors working or being trained in a tertiary hospital of NE GreeceMethods: Included were 133 medical students and doctors of all ranks (61.7% males) practicing medicine in a University Tertiary Hospital in Greece. All...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Evangelia Nena, Zacharias Fasoulakis, Grigorios Trypsianis, Theodoros C Constantinidis, Emmanouil Kontomanolis Source Type: research

Risk perception of heat related disorders on the workplaces: a survey among health and safety representatives from the autonomous province of Trento, Northeastern Italy
Conclusions: Although HSRs exhibited a good understanding of heat-related health issues, stakeholders should improve the implementation of specific countermeasures on the workplaces. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Matteo RICCO ' , Benedetta RAZIO, Leonardo Poletti, Claudio PANATO, Federica Balzarini, Angelo Giosu é Mezzoiuso, Luigi Vezzosi Source Type: research

Predictors of the usuage of contraceptive implants among women of reproductive age in Ondo State,Southwest Nigeria.
ConclusionThis study showed the important role of education and health workers in providing information about contraceptive implants. Therefore, health workers ’ knowledge of family planning counseling and services should be constantly upgraded so as to improve their roles in educating, mobilizing, counseling the women regarding contraceptive implant insertion.               (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Olufisayo O. Ojo, Chizoma Ndikom, Peter Alabi Source Type: research

Evaluation of Radon Exposure Risk and Lung Cancer Incidence/Mortality in South-Eastern Italy
Conclusions: The radon risk should be further assessed in the evaluation of the causes resulting in higher mortality and incidence rates for pulmonary cancer in Salento area vs Italian average national data. For these reasons, ASL Lecce in cooperation with ARPA Puglia and CNR-IFC has included the monitoring of individual indoor radon concentrations in the protocol of PROTOS case-control Study, aimed at investigating the role of different personal and environmental risk factors for lung cancer in Salento. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Giuseppe Maggiore, Giovanni De Filippis, Tiziano Totaro, Brizio Tamborino, Adele Idolo, Francesca Serio, Idelberto Francesco Castorini, Barbara Valenzano, Antonietta Riccio, Alessandro Miani, Anna Paola Caricato, Maurizio Martino, Antonella De Donno, Pris Source Type: research

Effect of Student's Empowerment Program on Brucellosis Prevention: an Application of Extended Health Belief Model
Discussion: Overall, implementation of the educational intervention based on theories and models had good effects on people that are in the risk of infection and zoonotic disease. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: arman latifi, Kamaladdin Karimyan, Mehdi Khezeli Source Type: research

Socio-economic inequality and risk of loneliness by Personality Traits in girl students
Conclusion: We found that socio-economic inequality was observed in relation to loneliness with girls of higher socioeconomic status reporting more loneliness. Therefore, more attention should be directed by policymakers to determining the main contributors to inequality contributors and loneliness in advantaged societies. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ashraf Direkvand-Moghadam, Ataollah Hashemian, Azadeh Direkvand-Moghadam, Yousef Veisani Source Type: research

Nursing Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice to Influenza Vaccination at Suburban Hospital in West Java, Indonesia
Conclusion: Nurses possess adequate knowledge and they showed positive attitude and practice toward influenza vaccination. Continuous educational strategy was needed to improve nurses ’ knowledge, attitude and practice on influenza vaccination.Keywords:Attitude, influenza vaccination, knowledge, nurses, practice (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bianda Putri Ramadhani, Arto Yuwono Soeroto, Hendarsyah Suryadinata, Lulu Eva Rakhmilla Source Type: research

Comparison of knowledge, attitudes and hand hygiene behavioral intention in medical and nursing students.
Conclusions: There are deficiencies in behavioral intention, knowledge, and attitudes related to hand hygiene in medical and nursing students. Better results are observed among nursing students, especially those who have received specific training. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jacobo Cambil-Martin, Maria Fernandez-Prada Fernandez-Prada, Joaquin Gonzalez-Cabrera, Cristobalina Rodriguez-Lopez, Ana Almaraz-Gomez, Alberto Lana-Perez, Aurora Bueno-Cavanillas Bueno-Cavanillas Source Type: research

The experience of Careggi Hospital (Florence) about Not Received Samples (NRS): a pilot study of Risk Management in Clinical Laboratory
Not available. Letter to Editor. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gianmarco Troiano Source Type: research

Knowledge of sexually transmitted infections and risky behaviors of undergraduate students in Tirana, Albania: comparison with Italian students
Not required for letters. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Giulia Ciccarese, Francesco Drago, Astrid Herzum, Alfredo Rebora, Ludovica Cogorno, Francesca Zangrillo, Aurora Parodi Source Type: research

Bacterial Invasive infections in a neonatal intensive care unit: a 13 years microbiological report from a tertiary referral centre
Conclusion:The high percentage of invasive infections due to bacteria not previously identified in surveillance cultures raises doubts about the efficiency of this procedure and highlights the need to search for alternative infection sources. This finding and the high prevalence of invasive infections due to nosocomial pathogens such asStaphylococcus aureus could be the result of horizontal transmission between patients through the hands of health care professionals, emphasizing once again the importance of applying stringent hand hygiene procedures and isolation standards. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - March 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Marcello Mariani, Roberto Bandettini, Daniela La Masa, Diego Minghetti, Ivana Baldelli, Simona Serveli, Alessio Mesini, Luca A. Ramenghi, Elio Castagnola Source Type: research

Occupational categories and cardiovascular diseases incidences; A cohort study in Iranian population
Conclusion: This study indicates that working as cleri ­cal support workers (4th ISCO category) is associated with higher significant risk for IHD and stroke incidence in comparison to craft and related trades workers (7th group of ISCO). (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mohammad Kermani-Alghoraishi, Rahil Ghahramani, Mashallah Aghilinejad , Hamid Reza Rouhafza , Mohammad Talaei, Nizal Sarrafzadegan , Masoumeh Sadeghi Source Type: research

What explains socioeconomic inequalities in dental flossing? Cross-sectional results from the RaNCD cohort study
Conclusion:There are a low prevalence and a relatively high degree of pro-rich socioeconomic-related inequality in dental flossing among Iranian adults. Socioeconomic status, level of education and place of residence contributed the most to the observed inequalities in dental flossing. Policy interventions should consider these factors to reduce inequality in the use of dental floss and increase the prevalence of dental flossing.  (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Moslem Soofi, Behzad Karami Matin, Yahya Pasdar, Behrooz Hamzeh, Mehdi Moradi Nazar, Hossein Amery, Farid Najafi Source Type: research

Laboratory-based surveillance of invasive listeriosis in Northern Italy over a fourteen-year period: epidemiological and clinical results
ConclusionsOur results documented the growing epidemiological relevance of listeriosis through the analysis of two information sources. The data we obtained were consistent with the literature, except for pregnancy-related cases, which are often underdiagnosed. This study highlighted the importance of laboratory-based surveillance system, which led to a significant increase in the sensitivity of the mandatory notification system. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Maria Gori, Giulia Ciceri, Silvia Bianchi, Danilo Cereda, Sabrina Senatore, Maria Gramegna, Antonella Amendola, Mirella Pontello, Elisabetta Tanzi Source Type: research

Tuberculosis: a timeless challenge for medicine
History of Medicine is not a discipline destined to culturally enrich only those who work in the health sector. All historians know very well how some medical events have influenced the course of history. In particular, infectious diseases, being interconnected with political, social, economic and war issues, have an important historical significance.Microbial agents are invisible enemies ready to undermine mankind and to find prosperity in human misery.Tuberculosis, better than other, is well suited to study the epistemological path of medical thought, from its origins to the present day.From the Hippocratic and Galenic t...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Emanuele Armocida, Mariano Martini Source Type: research

Medical students ’ knowledge and attitudes regarding vaccination against measles, influenza and HPV. An international multicenter study
ConclusionThis study provides some important arguments for the development of a comprehensive vaccination education for medical students. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Linda Sanftenberg Source Type: research

Burden of typhoid fever and cholera: similarities and differences. Prevention strategies for European travelers to endemic/epidemic areas
The burden of diarrheal diseases is very high, accounting for 1.7 to 5 billion cases per year worldwide. Typhoid Fever (TF) and Cholerare potentially life-threatening infectious diseases mainly transmitted through the consumption of food, drink or water that have been contaminated by the feces or urine of subjects excreting the pathogen. TF is mainly caused by Salmonella typhi whereas Cholera is caused by intestinal infection by the toxin-producing bacterium Vibrio cholerae. These diseases typically affect low- and middle-income countries where housing is overcrowded and wa...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - December 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Burden of the typhoid fever and cholera: similarities and differences. Prevention strategies for international travelers to endemic/epidemic areas.
The burden of diarrheal diseases is very high, accounting for 1.7 to 5 billion cases per year worldwide. Typhoid Fever (TF) and Cholerare potentially life-threatening infectious diseases mainly transmitted through the consumption of food, drink or water that have been contaminated by the feces or urine of subjects excreting the pathogen. TF is mainly caused bySalmonella typhi whereas Cholera is caused by intestinal infection by the toxin-producing bacteriumVibrio cholerae.These diseases typically affect low- and middle-income countries where housing is overcrowded and water and sanitation are poor, or where conflicts or na...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - December 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dangerous passengers: Multidrug-resistant bacteria on hands and mobile phones.
Conclusions: Our results could help to raise awareness in our society about the importance of hand hygiene, as well as frequently used devices, reducing bacterial contamination and limiting the possibility of transmission of resistant multi-drug bacteria. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - December 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Regional indices of socio-economic and health inequalities: a tool for public health programming
CONCLUSIONS. The USHI better describes a local population by SE health-related status. Therefore, policy makers could adopt this method to obtain a better picture of SE-associated health conditions in regional population and target strategies for reducing inequalities in health. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - December 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk factors of occupation related back pain and neck pain among patients attending tertiary care hospital, Ahmedabad, India
Conclusion: Total of 512 participants were included in study, among which 53& 392 participants had Neck pain and Back pain alone, respectively, while 67 participants had both Neck and Back pain. Age, Marital status, socioeconomic class, BMI and type of occupation revealed statistically significant association with severity of pain. Various body postures like prolonged sitting/ standing, frequent bending at waist/knee, Pulling/Pushing heavy objects, frequent weight lifting> 10 kg. and repetitive movement of back/neck revealed as statistically significant risk factors for back/neck pain. (Source: Journal of Preventive...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - December 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Measles surveillance activities in the Metropolitan Area of Milan during 2017-2018.
ConclusionsA well done investigation of cases and outbreaks by the surveillance local system, in a timely manner, in order notify and investigate suspected cases and to laboratory confirm or discard cases is fundamental to reduce morbidity, to prevent further virus transmission and to achieve measles elimination. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - December 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Smoking and alcoholism among adult population and its association with outlet density in a hilly area of North India.
The objectives of the present study was to determine the prevalence of smoking and alcoholism among adult of Srikot, Uttarakhand, and to determine its relationship with tobacco, and alcohol retail outlet density.Materials and Methods: The study design was a community based cross sectional study, which was done in Srikot, Uttarakhand among adults aged above 20 years, selected by systematic sampling. A semi-structured questionnaire was used. The outlet density was measured mapped using android application.Results: A total of 155 were enrolled in the study of which 61.3% were females. A total of 11.6% of the study participant...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - December 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge about cancer screening programmes in Sardinia
ConclusionIn order to raise knowledge and awareness about cancer screening, special attention should be paid to communication and to the use of plain language. Future action should highlight the benefit of the screening procedure and thus contributing to spread the cancer prevention culture. Gender and socioeconomic inequalities must be taken into account when planning screening communication campaigns. General practitioner are highly trusted by people.They could play a decisive role to promote screening attendance. (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - December 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Master athletes and “1001 miles”, the longest and most extreme European randonneè
NO ABSTRACT AVAILABLE - LETTER TO THE EDITOR (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - December 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence, trends and risk factors of thinness among Greek children and adolescents
Introduction:Thinness affects more children and adolescents than obesity. Thus, the aim of the study is to present the recent estimates of thinness, the secular trend prevalence and associated risk factors, in Greek schoolchildren.Methods: Epidemiological study. Population data from the recent estimates are derived from a school-based health survey polled in 2015 on 336,014 participants aged 4- to 17-year-old. Secular trend (1996-2015) participants included a total of 300,104 children aged 8- to 9-year-old. Physical activity, dietary habits and sedentary activities were assessed through self-completed questionnaires. The g...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - December 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research